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Synopsis

On
DESIGN AND ANALYSIS OF STEERING AND SUSPENSION
Submitted in partial fulfillment of requirements of the degree of
BACHELOR OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
By
ROHIT YADAV (257)
YADNYESH MALVANKAR (204)
PAVAN WANVE (255)
SAI PRASAD CHIPKAR ( )
Project Guide:
Prof. Rajendra Bharambe

(University of Mumbai)
YADAVRAO TASGAONKAR COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING
AND MANAGEMENT, CHANDHAI, KARJAT
(2014-2015)

CERTIFICATE
This is to certify that the project entitled DESIGN AND ANALYSIS OF
STEERING AND SUSPNSION is bona-fide work of

ROHIT YADAV (257)


YADNYESH MALVANKAR (204)
PAVAN WANVE (255)
SAI PRASAD CHIPKAR ()

submitted to the University of Mumbai in partial fulfilment of the requirement


for the award of the degree of Bachelor of Engineering in Mechanical
Engineering.

Prof. Rajendra Bharambe


Guide

Prof. R. K. Agrawal
Head of Department

Prof. Yogesh Andhale


Project Co-ordinator

Dr. S .K .Ukarande
Principal

Project Synopsis Approval for B.E.


Project entitled DESIGN AND ANALYSIS OF STEERING AND
SUSPENSION

By
ROHIT YADAV (257)
YADNYESH MALVANKAR (204)
PAVAN WANVE (255)
SAI PRASAD CHIPKAR ()
Is
Approved for the degree of BACHELOR OF ENGINEERING
(MECHANICAL ENGINEERING).

Examiners
1) ____________________________
2) ____________________________

Date:
Place:

Acknowledgement
We are highly thankful to Prof. Rajendra Bharambe our guide for guidance and
support for our project. He has helped us to complete all our work on time and with ease. He has
always helped us in every aspect of the project encouraging us through every way.
We are also thankful to Prof. Yogesh Andhale our Project Co-ordinator for giving the
opportunity to us for to do this project and providing us with necessary facilities.
In the first place we would like to record my gratitude to our board and our Principal
Dr. S. K. Ukarande and HOD of mechanical branch Prof. R.K. Agrawal for giving us this
opportunity to sharpen our talents.
We would take this opportunity to thank all the staff members of the Mechanical
Department who help us to review our work from time to time with their helpful suggestion and
criticism. This project, introduced as a part of curriculum, has been a very useful element in
amalgamating our theoretical knowledge with practical knowledge.
It would have been very difficult for us to reach this stage without their guidance and
encouragement throughout our tenure.

Abstract
Steering is designed to take proper turns while the vehicle is in motion and Suspension to absorb
the shock produced. For a normal road steering and suspension which are mounted are designed
for the wheels driven on the flat and good roads.
An All-Terrain Vehicle (ATV) is driven off road, where the surface is not even and tyres have to
face various turns where steering may not be so easy due to uneven roads. In order to drive on
these roads we designed Steering and Suspension for the ATV which can survive off road tracks
and provide the required control of the vehicle. This enables in securing driver from untoward
accidents.
Safety of the driver and sustaining the life of vehicle is an important factor, but our designed
analysed Steering and Suspension is just made to tackle the problem.

CONTENT
01
1.1

INTRODUCTION
The basics : Steering and Suspension

02
2.1

NEED OF PROJECT
Need of Project

03

5
TYPES OF STEERING

3.1

Rack & Pinion, Recirculating ball, Worm & sector

3.2

Power steering

3.3

Hydraulic Power steering

3.4

Speed Sensitive Steering

10

3.5

Four Wheel Steering

10

3.6

Active Four Wheel Steering

11

04
4.1

ACKERMAN STEERING MECHANISM


Mechanism

05
5.1
06

13
SUSPENSION

Suspension

15

PARTS OF SUSPENSION AND THE SYSTEMS

6.1

Parts of Suspension

17

6.2

Available Suspension Systems in Market

18

07

SELECTION OF SUITABLE SUSPENSION SYSTEM

7.1

Passive Suspension

20

7.2

Semi Active Suspension System

21

7.3

Active Suspension System

21

08

CONCLUSION
REFERENCE

25

Declaration

We declare that this written submission represents our ideas in our own words and where
others' ideas or words have been included, we have adequately cited and referenced the original
sources. We also declare that we have adhered to all principles of academic honesty and integrity
and have not misrepresented or fabricated or falsified any idea/data/fact/source in our submission.
We understand that any violation of the above will be cause for disciplinary action by the
Institute and can also evoke penal action from the sources which have thus not been properly
cited or from whom proper permission has not been taken when needed.

Rohit Yadav(257)
Yadnesh Malvankar (204)
Pavan Wanve(255)
Sai Prasad Chipkar ()

Date: