# Chapter 2

Force Systems

*Computer-Oriented Problems
*2/176 Four forces are exerted on the eyebolt as shown. If
the net effect on the bolt is a direct pull of 1200 N
in the y-direction, determine the necessary values
of T and .
480 N

y

θ

T

800 N
30°

30°

720 N

x

Problem 2/176

Article 2/10

*2/177 The force F is directed from A toward D and D is
allowed to move from B to C as measured by the
variable s. Consider the projection of F onto line
EF as a function of s. In particular, determine and
plot the fraction n of the magnitude F which is
projected as a function of s/d. Note that s/d varies
from 0 to 22.
s 
2  1
d
Ans. n 
s 2
s 
5 
5  22
d
d 



Review Problems

*2/179 With the cylindrical part P of weight 1500 N in its
grip, the robotic arm pivots about O through the
range 45    45 with the angle at A locked
at 120. Determine and plot (as a function of ) the
moment at O due to the combined effects of the
weight of part P, the 600-N weight of member OA
(mass center at G1), and the 250-N weight of
member AB (mass center at G2). The end grip is
included as a part of member AB. The lengths L1
and L2 are 900 mm and 600 mm, respectively.
What is the maximum value of MO and at what
value of  does this maximum occur?
Ans. MO  1845 cos   975 cos(60  ) N  m
(MO)max  2480 N  m at   19.90

A
E

C

d
L 1–
—2

F

F

D
2d

L
—–2
2

L 1–
—2

120° G2

2d

s

O

B

A

θ

G1

Problem 2/177

*2/178 The throttle-control lever OA rotates in the range
0    90. An internal torsional return spring
exerts a restoring moment about O given by M 
K(  /4), where K  500 N  mm/rad and  is in
radians. Determine and plot as a function of  the
tension T required to make the net moment about
O zero. Use the two values d  60 mm and d 
160 mm and comment on the relative design merits. The effects of the radius of the pulley at B are
negligible.
θ

A

B
40 mm

45°

O

40 mm
T

M
d
Problem 2/178

Problem 2/179

B

L
—–2
2

P

Chapter 2

Force Systems

*2/180 A motor attached to the shaft at O causes the arm
OA to rotate over the range 0    180. The unstretched length of the spring is 0.65 m, and it can
support both tension and compression. If the net
moment about O must be zero, determine and plot
the required motor torque M as a function of .

*2/182 The tension T in cable AB is maintained at a
constant value of 120 N. Determine the moment
MO of this tension about point O over the range
0    90. Plot the x-, y-, and z-components of
MO as functions of .
T

y

B

0.5 m

M

θ

A′′
O

y

A

400 mm
A′

x
800 mm

k = 600 N/m

x

0.3 m
A

O

B

θ

Problem 2/180
800 mm

*2/181 A flagpole with attached light triangular frame is
shown here for an arbitrary position during its
raising. The 75-N tension in the erecting cable remains constant. Determine and plot the moment
about the pivot O of the 75-N force for the range
0    90. Determine the maximum value of
this moment and the elevation angle at which it
occurs; comment on the physical significance of
the latter. The effects of the diameter of the drum
at D may be neglected.
1350 sin (  60)
Ans. MO 
k Nm 
45  36 cos (  60)
(MO)max  225 N  m at   60
C

A
3m
O

3m

3

B

m
θ

D
6m
Problem 2/181

A′
z

Problem 2/182

Article 2/10

*2/183 The arm AB rotates in the range 0    180,
and the spring is unstretched when   90. Determine as a function of  the moment about O of
the spring force as applied at B. Plot the three
scalar components of MO, and state the maximum
absolute value of each component. 
1.5  0.5 sin   1
Ans. MO 
[674i  337 cos k] N  m 
1.5  0.5 sin 

Review Problems

*2/184 The rectangular plate is tilted about its lower
edge by a cable tensioned at a constant 600 N. Determine and plot the moment of this tension
about the lower edge AB of the plate for the range
0    90.
y

z

(MOx)max = 123.7 N  m at   0, 180

5m
T = 600 N

(MOz)max = 61.8 N  m at   0, 180
z

C

A
3m

360 mm
O
A

θ

5m
4m
B

B
Problem 2/184

720 mm
k = 2.6 kN/m

x

O
θ

360 mm

D
C
y
Problem 2/183

x