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# Chapter 2

Force Systems

***Computer-Oriented Problems
**

*2/176 Four forces are exerted on the eyebolt as shown. If

the net effect on the bolt is a direct pull of 1200 N

in the y-direction, determine the necessary values

of T and .

480 N

y

θ

T

800 N

30°

30°

720 N

x

Problem 2/176

Article 2/10

***2/177 The force F is directed from A toward D and D is
**

allowed to move from B to C as measured by the

variable s. Consider the projection of F onto line

EF as a function of s. In particular, determine and

plot the fraction n of the magnitude F which is

projected as a function of s/d. Note that s/d varies

from 0 to 22.

s

2 1

d

Ans. n

s 2

s

5

5 22

d

d

Review Problems

***2/179 With the cylindrical part P of weight 1500 N in its
**

grip, the robotic arm pivots about O through the

range 45 45 with the angle at A locked

at 120. Determine and plot (as a function of ) the

moment at O due to the combined effects of the

weight of part P, the 600-N weight of member OA

(mass center at G1), and the 250-N weight of

member AB (mass center at G2). The end grip is

included as a part of member AB. The lengths L1

and L2 are 900 mm and 600 mm, respectively.

What is the maximum value of MO and at what

value of does this maximum occur?

Ans. MO 1845 cos 975 cos(60 ) N m

(MO)max 2480 N m at 19.90

A

E

C

d

L 1–

—2

F

F

D

2d

L

—–2

2

L 1–

—2

120° G2

2d

s

O

B

A

θ

G1

Problem 2/177

***2/178 The throttle-control lever OA rotates in the range
**

0 90. An internal torsional return spring

exerts a restoring moment about O given by M

K( /4), where K 500 N mm/rad and is in

radians. Determine and plot as a function of the

tension T required to make the net moment about

O zero. Use the two values d 60 mm and d

160 mm and comment on the relative design merits. The effects of the radius of the pulley at B are

negligible.

θ

A

B

40 mm

45°

O

40 mm

T

M

d

Problem 2/178

Problem 2/179

B

L

—–2

2

P

Chapter 2

Force Systems

***2/180 A motor attached to the shaft at O causes the arm
**

OA to rotate over the range 0 180. The unstretched length of the spring is 0.65 m, and it can

support both tension and compression. If the net

moment about O must be zero, determine and plot

the required motor torque M as a function of .

***2/182 The tension T in cable AB is maintained at a
**

constant value of 120 N. Determine the moment

MO of this tension about point O over the range

0 90. Plot the x-, y-, and z-components of

MO as functions of .

T

y

B

0.5 m

M

θ

A′′

O

y

A

400 mm

A′

x

800 mm

k = 600 N/m

x

0.3 m

A

O

B

θ

Problem 2/180

800 mm

***2/181 A flagpole with attached light triangular frame is
**

shown here for an arbitrary position during its

raising. The 75-N tension in the erecting cable remains constant. Determine and plot the moment

about the pivot O of the 75-N force for the range

0 90. Determine the maximum value of

this moment and the elevation angle at which it

occurs; comment on the physical significance of

the latter. The effects of the diameter of the drum

at D may be neglected.

1350 sin ( 60)

Ans. MO

k Nm

45 36 cos ( 60)

(MO)max 225 N m at 60

C

A

3m

O

3m

3

B

m

θ

D

6m

Problem 2/181

A′

z

Problem 2/182

Article 2/10

***2/183 The arm AB rotates in the range 0 180,
**

and the spring is unstretched when 90. Determine as a function of the moment about O of

the spring force as applied at B. Plot the three

scalar components of MO, and state the maximum

absolute value of each component.

1.5 0.5 sin 1

Ans. MO

[674i 337 cos k] N m

1.5 0.5 sin

Review Problems

***2/184 The rectangular plate is tilted about its lower
**

edge by a cable tensioned at a constant 600 N. Determine and plot the moment of this tension

about the lower edge AB of the plate for the range

0 90.

y

z

(MOx)max = 123.7 N m at 0, 180

5m

T = 600 N

**(MOz)max = 61.8 N m at 0, 180
**

z

C

A

3m

360 mm

O

A

θ

5m

4m

B

B

Problem 2/184

720 mm

k = 2.6 kN/m

x

O

θ

360 mm

D

C

y

Problem 2/183

x