Chapter 2

Force Systems

*Computer-Oriented Problems
*2/176 Four forces are exerted on the eyebolt as shown. If
the net effect on the bolt is a direct pull of 1200 N
in the y-direction, determine the necessary values
of T and .
480 N

y

θ

T

800 N
30°

30°

720 N

x

Problem 2/176

Article 2/10

*2/177 The force F is directed from A toward D and D is
allowed to move from B to C as measured by the
variable s. Consider the projection of F onto line
EF as a function of s. In particular, determine and
plot the fraction n of the magnitude F which is
projected as a function of s/d. Note that s/d varies
from 0 to 22.
s 
2  1
d
Ans. n 
s 2
s 
5 
5  22
d
d 



Review Problems

*2/179 With the cylindrical part P of weight 1500 N in its
grip, the robotic arm pivots about O through the
range 45    45 with the angle at A locked
at 120. Determine and plot (as a function of ) the
moment at O due to the combined effects of the
weight of part P, the 600-N weight of member OA
(mass center at G1), and the 250-N weight of
member AB (mass center at G2). The end grip is
included as a part of member AB. The lengths L1
and L2 are 900 mm and 600 mm, respectively.
What is the maximum value of MO and at what
value of  does this maximum occur?
Ans. MO  1845 cos   975 cos(60  ) N  m
(MO)max  2480 N  m at   19.90

A
E

C

d
L 1–
—2

F

F

D
2d

L
—–2
2

L 1–
—2

120° G2

2d

s

O

B

A

θ

G1

Problem 2/177

*2/178 The throttle-control lever OA rotates in the range
0    90. An internal torsional return spring
exerts a restoring moment about O given by M 
K(  /4), where K  500 N  mm/rad and  is in
radians. Determine and plot as a function of  the
tension T required to make the net moment about
O zero. Use the two values d  60 mm and d 
160 mm and comment on the relative design merits. The effects of the radius of the pulley at B are
negligible.
θ

A

B
40 mm

45°

O

40 mm
T

M
d
Problem 2/178

Problem 2/179

B

L
—–2
2

P

Chapter 2

Force Systems

*2/180 A motor attached to the shaft at O causes the arm
OA to rotate over the range 0    180. The unstretched length of the spring is 0.65 m, and it can
support both tension and compression. If the net
moment about O must be zero, determine and plot
the required motor torque M as a function of .

*2/182 The tension T in cable AB is maintained at a
constant value of 120 N. Determine the moment
MO of this tension about point O over the range
0    90. Plot the x-, y-, and z-components of
MO as functions of .
T

y

B

0.5 m

M

θ

A′′
O

y

A

400 mm
A′

x
800 mm

k = 600 N/m

x

0.3 m
A

O

B

θ

Problem 2/180
800 mm

*2/181 A flagpole with attached light triangular frame is
shown here for an arbitrary position during its
raising. The 75-N tension in the erecting cable remains constant. Determine and plot the moment
about the pivot O of the 75-N force for the range
0    90. Determine the maximum value of
this moment and the elevation angle at which it
occurs; comment on the physical significance of
the latter. The effects of the diameter of the drum
at D may be neglected.
1350 sin (  60)
Ans. MO 
k Nm 
45  36 cos (  60)
(MO)max  225 N  m at   60
C

A
3m
O

3m

3

B

m
θ

D
6m
Problem 2/181

A′
z

Problem 2/182

Article 2/10

*2/183 The arm AB rotates in the range 0    180,
and the spring is unstretched when   90. Determine as a function of  the moment about O of
the spring force as applied at B. Plot the three
scalar components of MO, and state the maximum
absolute value of each component. 
1.5  0.5 sin   1
Ans. MO 
[674i  337 cos k] N  m 
1.5  0.5 sin 

Review Problems

*2/184 The rectangular plate is tilted about its lower
edge by a cable tensioned at a constant 600 N. Determine and plot the moment of this tension
about the lower edge AB of the plate for the range
0    90.
y

z

(MOx)max = 123.7 N  m at   0, 180

5m
T = 600 N

(MOz)max = 61.8 N  m at   0, 180
z

C

A
3m

360 mm
O
A

θ

5m
4m
B

B
Problem 2/184

720 mm
k = 2.6 kN/m

x

O
θ

360 mm

D
C
y
Problem 2/183

x

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful