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UP College of Law

1st Sem, 2009- 2010

PUBLIC INTERNATIONAL LAW


H. HARRY L. ROQUE, JR.
Basic textbooks:
1.
2.

Higgins, Problems & Process, 1994


Brownlie, Principles of Public International Law, 1998 edition

COURSE SYLLABUS
I.

In General

Higgins, Chapter 1

II. Sources of International Law

Art. 38, ICJ Statute


Art. 53, 1969 Vienna Convention on Treaties
Higgins, Chapter 2
Brownlie, Chapter 1

Cases:
Kuroda v. Jalandoni. 83 SCRA 171
Yamashita v. Styer, 75 Phil 563
Kookooritchkin v. Solicitor General, 81 Phil 435
Military & Paramilitary Activities in and against Nicaragua (Nicaragua v. US), ICJ Reports, 1986
North Sea Continental Shelf Case, ICJ Reports, 1969
South West Africa Case (2nd Phase), ICJ Reports, 1966
Asylum Case, ICJ Reports, 1950
Nuclear Test Cases, ICJ Reports:
-New Zealand v. France, 1974
-Australia v. France, 1974
-Request for an examination of the situation in accordance with par. 63 of the courts judgment of the 20
December 1974 in the Nuclear Tests (New Zealand v. France) Case, 1995
Legality of the Use by a State of Nuclear Weapons, ICJ Reports, 1996
Paquete Habana, 175 US 677, 1900
Preah Vihear Temple Case, ICJ Reports, 1962
Case Concerning Right of Passage over Indian Territory (Portugal v. India)
Corfu Channel Case, ICJ Reports, 1949
Chorzow Factory Case, 1928 PCIJ Ser. A, No. 17
Barcelona Traction, Light & Power Company Case, ICJ Reports, 1970
Texaco v. Libya, 17 ILM or 53 ILR 389, 1978
BP v. Libya, 53 ILR 297
Saudi Arabia v. Arabian American Oil Company, 27 ILR 117

III. Actors in International Law


Higgins, Chapter 3
Brownlie, Chapter 3
Art. 1, Montevideo Convention on Rights & Duties of States, 49 Stat 3097, 1933
Cases:
Barcelona Traction, Light and Power Company Case, ICJ Reports, 1970
1

Reparations for Injuries Suffered in the Service of the UN, ICJ Reports, 1949
Mavrommatis Case, PCIJ, Ser. A, No. 2, 1924
Certain Expenses of the UN, ICJ Reports, 1962

A. States

Brownlie, Chapters 4 & 5


Higgins, Chapter 4
Henkin et al, International Law, Cases & Materials, 2nd edition, Chapter 4

1. Territorial Sovereignty
Brownlie, Chapter 4

Cases:
Island of Las Palmas Case (US v. Netherlands), 2 RIAA 829
Las Palmas Arbitration Revisited, H. Harry L. Roque, Jr.
Eastern Greenland Case, PCIJ Ser. A/B, No. 53
SS Lotus Case, PCIJ Ser. A, No. 10
Thematic Lighthouses:
Minquiers & Ecrehos Case, ICJ Reports, 1951
Case Concerning Sovereignty Over Pulau Ligitan and Pulau Sipadan (Indonesia/Malaysia)
Eritrea-Yemen Arbitration, ICJ Reports, 1998
Map Cases:
Eritrea-Yemen Arbitration, ICJ Reports, 1998
Preah Vihear Temple Case, ICJ Reports, 1962
Frontier Dispute Case (Burkina Faso v. Mali), ICJ Reports, 1986
Libya v. Chad, ICJ Reports 1994
Anglo-Norwegian Fisheries Case, ICJ Reports, 1951
Western Sahara Case, ICJ Reports, 1975
El Salvador v. Honduras, with Nicaragua intervening, ICJ Reports,1992
Clipperton Island Arbitration (France v. Mexico), January 28, 1931

2. UNCLOS

Brownlie, Part 4, Chapters 9-11


International Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), ILM 21, 1982
Agreement Relating to the Implementation of Part XI of the UNCLOS, ILM 33, 1994
Agreement for the Implementation of the Provisions of the UNCLOS Relating to the Conservation &
Management of Straddling Fish Stocks & Highly Migratory Fish Stocks

Cases:

a. Internal Waters
Military & Paramilitary Activities in and against Nicaragua (Nicaragua v. US), ICJ Reports, 1986
Saudi Arabia v. Arabian American Oil Company, 27 ILR 117

b. Territorial Sea
Arts. 27-32, UNCLOS
The Gulf of Sidra Incidents, 5 Italian Yearbook of International Law
Anglo-Norwegian Fisheries Case, ICJ Reports, 1951
El Salvador v. Honduras, with Nicaragua Intervening, ICJ Reports, 1992
US v. California, 382 US, 1966
US v. Louisiana, 382 US 11, 1969

c. Straits
Corfu Channel Case, ICJ Reports, 1949
2

d. Archipelagos
Arts. 49, 52-53, UNCLOS
Coquia, Analysis of the Archipelago Doctrine in the Law of the Sea, 8 PYIL 30
Corfu Channel Case, ICJ Reports, 1949

e. The Contiguous Zone


f. The Continental Shelf
North Sea Continental Shelf Case, ICJ Reports, 1969
Libya v. Malta, ICJ Reports, 1985
Tunisia v. Libya, ICJ Reports, 1982
Guinea v. Guinea Bissau, ILR 77, 1985
Aegean Sea Continental Shelf Case (Greece v. Turkey), ICJ Reports, 1978
Anglo-French, ICJ Reports, 1979
Case Concerning Maritime Delimitation in the area between Greenland and Jan Mayen (Denmark
v. Norway), 1993
Canada & France, St. Pierre

g. The Exclusive Economic

Arts. 55-58, 70-73, UNCLOS


Spain v. Canada (facts only), ICJ Reports, 1966
M/V Saiga (St. Vincent & Grenadines v. Guinea), ITLOS Judgment, July 1, 1999
Camouco Case (Panama v. France), Judgment, 7 Feb 2000,
www.un.org/depts/ios/itlos/jud-camouco.htm)

h. Delimitation of Maritime Boundaries


Gulf of Maine Case (Canada v. US), ICJ Reports, 1994

i. The High Seas


Arts. 86-97, 105-111, UNCLOS

j. Conservation & Management of Living Resources of the High Seas


Southern Blue Fin Tuna Cases (NZ & Australia v. Japan), Order on Request for Provisional
Measures, ITLOS Order, August 27, 1999

k. Right of Land-Locked States to & from the Sea


l. International Seabed Area
m. Navigation
n. Marine Pollution
Civil Liability Convention of 1969
International Fund Convention of 1971
TOVALOP
CRISTAL
1984 Protocols to CLC & FC Conventions
1992 CLC & FC
TOVALOP Supplement of 1994
Crystal 1992

o. Settlement of Disputes
p. Peaceful Use of the Oceans
3

q. Archaeological & Historical Objects


3. Jurisdiction & Immunities

Brownlie, Chapters 14 & 15


Higgins, Chapters 4 & 5

Cases on Jurisdiction:
Brownwell v. Sunlife, 95 Phil 228
People v. Lol-lo & Saraw, 43 Phil 19
Tubb v. Greiss, 78 Phil 249
Haw Pia v. China Banking, 80 Phil 604
Cases on Sovereign Immunities:
Hilao v. Estate of Ferdinand Marcos, Judgment of Feb 1985 & Opinion/Order of November 1995
JUSMAG Philippines v. NLRC, 239 SCRA 224
USA v. Reyes, 219 SCRA 192
Wylie v. Rarang, 209 SCRA 357
USA v. Ruiz, 136 SCRA 487
WHO v. Aquino, 48 SCRA 242
Lyons Inc. v. USA, 104 Phil 593
Liang v. People, March 26, 2001
Minucher v. CA, 214 SCRA 242
Holy See v. Rosario, 238 SCRA 524
SEAFDEC v. Acosta, 226 SCRA 49
ICMC v. Calleja
Ex Parte Pinochet, 38 ILM 581, March 1999
Israel v. Eichmann, 1962
Ker v. Illinois, December 6, 1886
Machain v. Sosa
Sosa v. Machain
Ebrahim Case
UNOCAL Case: Decision by the California Central District Court
Congo v. Belgium, ICJ Reports, February 14, 2002
US v. Purganan (Mark Jimenez Cases) = 2 cases: SC & MFR
Flowers v. Clinton
Teotico v. Governor General

4. International Responsibility

Higgins, Chapter 9
Brownlie, Chapter 21
ILC Draft Articles on State Responsibility, Harris Casebook, 2004 edition

Cases:
Corfu Channel Case, ICJ Reports, 1949
Rainbow Warrior Arbitration (Report)
US Diplomatic & Consular Staff (US v. Iran), ICJ Reports, 1980
DC Decision on UNOCAL
Chorzow Factory Case, 1928 PCIJ Ser. A, No. 17
Prosecutor v. Tadic
Advisory Opinion on the Legal Consequences of the Construction of a Wall in the Occupied
Palestinian Territories
Bosnia Case (Application of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of
Genocide (Bosnia and Herzegovina v. Serbia and Montenegro)), February 26, 2007
State Responsibility, Harris Case book , 1994 & 2004 editions
1994 edition
4

Union Bridge Company Claim (US v. Great Britain), 1924


Youmans Claim (US v. Mexico), 1926
Zafiro Claim (Great Britain v. US), 1925
Bolivar Railway Company Claim (Great Britain v. Venezuela), 1903
2004 edition
Neer Claim (US v. Mexico, 1926)
Starrett Housing Corp. v. Iran (Interlocutory Award) (US v. Iran), 1983

5. Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties


Brownlie, Chapter 26
Cases:
Definition of treaty
Abaya v. Sec. Ebdane, G.R. No. 167919, February 14, 2007
DBM v. Kolonwel Trading; Vibal v. Kolonwel; DEPED v. Kolonwel, June 8, 2007
Definition of ratification
Lim v. Exec. Sec., G.R. No. 151445. April 11, 2002
Bayan v. Zamora, October 10, 2000
Pimentel v. Exec. Sec. (Class Project of Prof. Roques evening class)
Salonga Petition on the VFA, January 22, 2007
Reservations to the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide
Military and Paramilitary Activities in and against Nicaragua (Nicaragua v. US), ICJ Reports, 1986

6. Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations; Vienna Convention on Consular Relations


and Optional Protocols
Brownlie, Chapter 27
Cases:
US Diplomatic & Consular Staff (US v. Iran), ICJ Reports, 1980
Case Concerning Avena and other Mexican Nationals (Mexico v. USA), March 31, 2004

B. International Organizations
1. The UN Charter & the Use of Force

Arts. 2(3), 2(4), 24(1), 25, 23(1), 27(3), UN Charter


Higgins, Chapters 10, 14 & 15

Cases:
Military and Paramilitary Activities in and against Nicaragua (Nicaragua v. US), ICJ Reports, 1986
Legality of the Use by a State of Nuclear Weapons, ICJ Reports, 1966
Legality of the Use of Force (Yugoslavia v. US), 38 ILM 1199
The Relationship between the UN Charter and General International Law regarding non-use of
force: The Case of NATOs air campaign in the Kosovo Crisis of 1999, Shinya Murase
The Caroline Case
M.W. Reisman, Assessing Claims to Revise the Laws of War, 97 AJIL 82 at 87, 2003
Case Concerning Oil Platforms (Islamic Republic of Iran v. United States of America), December
12, 1996

2. International Court of Justice

Arts. 92, 93, 94, 96, UN Charter


Arts. 1, 34(1), 35(1), ICJ Statute

a. Applicable Law
5

Arts. 38 & 59, ICJ Statute


The Security Council under Chapter VII of the UN Charter: Problems under the Rule of law, H.
Harry L. Roque, Jr.

b. Jurisdiction

Art. 36(1), (2) & (3), ICJ Statute

c. Advisory Opinions

Higgins, Chapter 11
Cases on Jurisdiction:
Military and Paramilitary Activities in and against Nicaragua (Nicaragua v. US), ICJ Reports,
1986
Lockerbie Case (Libyan Arab Jamahiriya v. USA), ICJ Reports, 1988
ELSI Case, ICJ Reports, 1989
South West Africa Cases, ICJ Reports, 1966
Nauru v. Australia, ICJ Reports, 1992
Case Concerning East Timor (Portugal v. Australia), ICJ Reports, 1995
Cases on Provisional Measures:
Bosnia Case (Application of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime
of Genocide (Bosnia and Herzegovina v. Serbia and Montenegro)), February 26, 2007
Lockerbie Case (Libyan Arab Jamahiriya v. USA), ICJ Reports, 1988
Cases on Dispute:
Admissions Case (Conditions of Admission of a state to membership in the United Nations),
ICJ Reports, May 28, 1948
Free Zones Case (Case of the Free Zones of Upper Savoy and the District of Gex), PCIJ
Ser. A/B. No. 45, June 7, 1932
Marvrommatis Case, PCIJ Ser. A, No. 2, 1924
UN Headquarters Advisory Opinion (Applicability of the Obligation to Arbitrate under Sec. 21
of the UN Headquarters Agreement of June 26, 1947), ICJ Reports, April 26, 1988
Cases on Advisory Opinions:
Legality of the Use by a State of Nuclear Weapons in Armed Conflict (WHO Request), ICJ
Reports, 1996
Monetary Gold Case (Monetary Gold Removed from Rome in 1943 (Italy v. France, UK of
Great Britain & Northern Ireland, & the USA)), ICJ Reports, June 15, 1954
Certain Expenses of the UN, ICJ Reports, 1962
Western Sahara Case, ICJ Reports, 1975
Botswana v. Namibia (Case Concerning kasikili/Sedudu Island), ICJ Reports, 1999
Status of Eastern Carelia (Finland v. Russia), PCIJ Ser. B, No. 5, July 23, 1923
Advisory Opinion on the Legal Consequences of the Construction of a Wall in the Occupied
Palestinian Territories

C. The Individual
1. Human Rights (Report)
Higgins, Chapter 6
2. International Criminal Law
a. Nurumberg Tribunal
b. Tokyo War Crimes Tribunal (Report)
c. 1949 Geneva Conventions
d. 1978 Additional Protocol to the Geneva Convention
e. Security Council Resolution No. 827 (Yugoslavia War Crimes Tribunal)
f. Security Council Resolution No. 955 (Rwanda War Crimes Tribunal)
g. 1998 Rome Convention on the International Criminal Court
6

Cases:
Advisory Opinion on the Legality of Nuclear Weapons (WHO Request), ICJ Reports, 1996
Yugoslavia War Crimes Tribunal Decision on Tadic, July 15, 1999 (www.un.org/icyt/ pressreal/tadsumj99)
Yamashita v. Styer, 75 Phil 563
Dizon v. Commanding General (Report)
3. Foreign Investments & Natural Resources
Brownlie, Chapter 24
Higgins, Chapter 8
Cases:
Texaco v. Libya, 17 ILM or 53 ILR 389, 1978
BP v. Libya, 53 ILR 279
Saudi Arabia v. Arabian American Oil Company, 27 ILR 117
Chorzow Factory Case, PCIJ Ser. A, No. 17, 1928
LIAMCO v. Libyan Arab Republic, 62 ILR 140
Starrett Housing Case, 4 Iran-US Claims Tribunal Report
Kuwait v. Aminoil, 66 ILR 518
Sapphire Case, 35 ILR 136
a. When Lawful
Starrett Housing Case, 4 Iran-US Claims Tribunal Report
AMOCO Case (US v. Iran), 27 ILM 1314
Phillips Petroleum Company Iran, v. The Islamic Republic of Iran, and The National Iranian Oil,
21 Iran-US Claims Report
Readings
Higgins, The Taking of Property by the State, vol. 162, Rescueil des Cours, 1979
Jimenez de Arechega, State Responsibility for the Nationalization of Foreign Property, 11
NHUJ of International Law & Politics 189, 1978
E. Lauterpacht, Issues of Compensation and Nationality in the Taking of Alien Property, 8
JENRL 241, 1990
M. Meldelson, What Price Expropriation? Compensation for Expropriation: The Case Law,
79 AJIL 414, 1985
b. WTO
The Philippines and the WTO: Survey of Current Practices with Emphasis on Anti-Dumping,
Countervailing Duties and Safeguard Measures, H. Harry L. Roque, Jr.
Cases:
Bautista Paper (Amicus Memorandum of Ambassador Lilia Bautista), GR No. 118295, August
1996
Taada v. Angara, GR No. 118925, May 2,1997
Appellate Body Reports:
JapanTaxes on alcoholic beverages, October 4, 1996
KoreaTaxes on alcoholic beverages, January 18, 1999
European CommunitiesMeasures Affecting Asbestos and Asbestos-Containing Products,
March 12, 2001
United StatesStandards for Reformulated and Conventional Gasoline, April 29, 1996
European CommunitiesAnti-Dumping Duties on Imports of Cotton-type Bed Linen from
India, April 8, 2003