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ABU DHABI MARINE OPERATING COMPANY

SP-1080
Control Sheet

ADMA-OPCO STANDARD ENGINEERING DOCUMENTS

PAGE
1 of 73

COPYRIGHT ABU DHABI MARINE OPERATING COMPANY - ADMA-OPCO

All rights reserved. The information contained in this document is regarded as confidential. Recipient(s) other than ADMAOPCO's employees undertake both during the continuance of their services to ADMA-OPCO and after termination to maintain
in safe custody and not to use any such information for any purpose other than a purpose falling within the scope of the
Agreement or Contract under which this document was supplied. Recipient(s) further agree not to dispose of, make copies, in
whole or in part of such information or permit the use or access of the same by any Third Party unless the prior written
permission of ADMA-OPCO Manager Facilities Engineering is obtained.

D
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SP-1080

DESIGNATION

SPECIFICATION
FOR

TITLE

ELECTRICAL DESIGN CRITERIA

AUTHORITY

NAME

TITLE

TECHNICAL
CUSTODIAN

Thenarasu S. Muthu

SEE

TECHNICAL

Michael J. Lyon

CEETL

STANDARDS

M. Khalid Elshobary

ESQASL

APPROVAL

Hisham Awda

MDE(A)

ENDORSEMENT Ali Al-Jarwan

AGM(P&E)
Acting

B.UNIT/
DIV

SIGNATURE

DATE

P&E/
DED
P&E/
DED
P&E/
DED
P&E/
DED
P&E
CONTROL STAMP

The soft copy of this document on


ADMA-OPCO Web is

Controlled.
When printed, it is considered

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Uncontrolled

Liability for utilization by personnel/organizations outside ADMA-OPCO


Whilst every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of this document,
neither ADMA-OPCO nor its employees will assume liability for any application
or use outside ADMA-OPCO premises/assets.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.

INTRODUCTION....................................................................................................................... 5
1.1 OBJECTIVE................................................................................................................................5
1.2 SCOPE ........................................................................................................................................5
1.3
COVERAGE ..............................................................................................................................5
1.4
EXCLUSION .............................................................................................................................5
1.5
REFERENCES...........................................................................................................................6
1.6 ABBREVIATIONS.....................................................................................................................7
1.7
DEFINITIONS ...........................................................................................................................7
1.8
USE OF LANGUAGE ...............................................................................................................7
1.9
UNITS ........................................................................................................................................7
1.10 LESSONS LEARNT..................................................................................................................7
1.11 ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS ........................................................................................8

2.

QUALITY ASSURANCE .......................................................................................................... 9


2.1
2.2
2.3

QUALITY ASSURANCE SYSTEM.........................................................................................9


QUALITY PLAN.....................................................................................................................10
INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS ..................................................10

3.

BASIS OF DESIGN .................................................................................................................. 11

4.

POWER SUPPLY SYSTEM ................................................................................................... 14


4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
4.7
4.8
4.9
4.10
4.11
4.12

5.

CLASSIFICATION OF HAZARDOUS AREA ................................................................... 31


5.1

6.

GENERAL ................................................................................................................................14
SYSTEM CONFIGURATION .................................................................................................15
DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM ......................................................................................................18
EQUIPMENT RATING/SIZING..............................................................................................18
SUPPLY VOLTAGE, FREQUENCY AND SUPPLY WAVEFORM.....................................19
SYSTEM POWER FACTOR ...................................................................................................20
STANDARD VOLTAGES AND TOLERANCES...................................................................20
ELECTRICAL DESIGN STUDIES..........................................................................................21
SYSTEM PROTECTION AND METERING ..........................................................................25
INTERTRIPPING AND INTERLOCKING.............................................................................26
POWER MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS (PMS).........................................................................27
EARTHING & LIGHTNING PROTECTION SYSTEMS.......................................................29

GENERAL ................................................................................................................................31

SUBSTATIONS......................................................................................................................... 32
6.1
6.2

GENERAL ................................................................................................................................32
MINIMUM CLEARANCES IN SUBSTATIONS ...................................................................34

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7.

EQUIPMENT AND MATERIALS ........................................................................................ 34


7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
7.5
7.6
7.7
7.8
7.9
7.10
7.11
7.12
7.13

GENERATORS.........................................................................................................................34
HV SWITCHGEAR ..................................................................................................................35
TRANSFORMER ....................................................................................................................35
LV SWITCHGEAR AND MOTOR CONTROL CENTRES...................................................36
MOTORS ..................................................................................................................................36
UPS SYSTEMS.........................................................................................................................37
BATTERIES .............................................................................................................................38
CAPACITORS ..........................................................................................................................39
LOCAL MOTOR CONTROL STATIONS ..............................................................................39
CABLES AND ACCESSORIES ..............................................................................................40
LIGHTING................................................................................................................................42
SOCKET OUTLETS.................................................................................................................45
PORTABLE LAMPS ................................................................................................................46

8.

ELECTRICAL HEAT TRACING ......................................................................................... 46

9.

INSTRUMENTATION INTERFACES................................................................................. 46

10.

NON-INDUSTRIAL BUILDINGS ......................................................................................... 47

11.

MISCELLANEOUS ................................................................................................................. 48
11.1 ELECTRICAL WORKSHOP AND SAFETY KITS................................................................48

12.

SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS FOR OFFSHORE INSTALLATIONS ........................... 48


12.1
12.2
12.3
12.4

POWER SUPPLY .....................................................................................................................48


PLATFORM SUPPLY SOCKET .............................................................................................48
JETTIES ....................................................................................................................................49
WELLHEAD TOWERS ...........................................................................................................49

13.

EQUIPMENT AND CABLE NUMBERING SYSTEM ...................................................... 51

14.

DRAWINGS AND DOCUMENTS......................................................................................... 51


14.1 GENERAL ................................................................................................................................51
14.2 REQUIREMENTS FOR DRAWING AND DOCUMENTATION .........................................52

APPENDIX-A1: ILLUMINATION LEVELS ................................................................................ 54


APPENDIX-A2: TYPICAL SCHEMES.......................................................................................... 57
APPENDIX-A3: ELECTRICAL LOAD SCHEDULE (FORMAT)............................................ 64
APPENDIX-B: ABBREVIATIONS ................................................................................................. 65
APPENDIX-C: DEFINITIONS ........................................................................................................ 67
APPENDIX-D: REFERENCED DOCUMENTS ........................................................................... 71

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1.

INTRODUCTION
1.1

Objective
The objective of this Specification is to provide Electrical Design Criteria for
ADMA-OPCO Projects/Works.
This document stipulates the design and selection criteria for electrical equipment
and system design in accordance with the latest international rules, regulations and
industrial practices.

1.2

Scope
This Specification specifies the minimum requirements for Design and Engineering
of Electrical Facilities for ADMA-OPCO offshore and onshore operational areas.
This Specification is intended to define the basic requirements to be followed by the
Contractor. Nothing in this Specification shall be construed to relieve the
Contractor of his contractual obligations. Any deviation from this Specification
requires written approval from ADMA-OPCO.
Within this Specification the basic technical features are outlined and general
requirements are given. In case special requirements exist for particular locations/
applications over and above the requirements as stated in this Specification, they
will be provided separately as part of the project specifics.

1.3

Coverage
This Specification covers the design criteria for electrical system design, selection
of equipment and materials, layout, earthing and lightning protection for new as
well as existing facilities for ADMA-OPCO projects. It also includes requirements
for safety, flexibility and reliability of the installations.

1.4

Exclusion
This Specification excludes installation and field commissioning which is covered
in ADMA-OPCO Specification SP-1083 & GDL-006. It also excludes power
sources from external utility (i.e. other than ADMA-OPCOs own generation).
For the electrical design and equipment requirements associated with the external
utility supplies, reference is made to the rules and regulations as stipulated by the
applicable utility supplier (e.g. ADWEA).

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1.5

References

1.5.1

General
The latest edition (at the time of the contract award) of the standards and
amendments as listed in Appendix-D shall, to the extent specified herein, represent
part of this Specification.
The latest edition/revision of ADMA-OPCO Standards Engineering Documents
shall be utilized as indicated in the Status List SL-001.

1.5.2

Equivalent Standards
Standard Documents equivalent to those referred to herein shall not be substituted
without written approval from ADMA-OPCO. Approval of equivalent Standard
Documents will not, in any way, remove responsibility from the Contractor to meet
the best practices and/or requirements of the Standard Engineering Documents
referred to herein, in the event of conflict.
Where differences and/or conflicting issues occur between the referenced
documents themselves or the requirements of this document, the requirements of
this document shall overrule unless otherwise advised by ADMA-OPCO. However
major conflicts shall be reported in writing to the ADMA-OPCO Standards
Authority/Technical Custodian appearing in the front sheet of this Procedure for
arbitration/resolution.
The following hierarchy of adherence to standards shall be followed:
a.

Whenever ADMA-OPCO Standard Engineering Documents (SEDs) relevant


to the system and/or equipment design are available, the same shall be utilized
first for the purpose of design.

b.

Shareholder (BP) RPs/GPs (tailored to suit ADMA-OPCO needs) shall be


utilized next in the hierarchy, if the relevant subject is not covered by ADMAOPCO standards.

c.

National or International standards (tailored to suit ADMA-OPCO needs) shall


be utilized, if the required subject is not covered either by ADMA-OPCO or
Shareholder SEDs.

The Contractor shall equip himself with copies of all the referenced Standard
Engineering Documents referred in Appendix-D of this Specification and shall
make them readily available to all ADMA-OPCO, or nominated representative,
personnel involved in the work.

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1.6

Abbreviations
The abbreviations used in this Specification are listed in Appendix-B.

1.7

Definitions
The definitions used in this Specification are listed in Appendix-C.

1.8

Use of Language
Throughout this document, the words will, may/can, should and shall/must,
when used in the context of actions by ADMA-OPCO or others, have specific
meanings as follows:
a. Will is used normally in connection with an action by ADMA-OPCO and / or
nominated representative, rather than by a Contractor or Vendor.
b. May / Can is used where alternatives / action are equally acceptable.
c. Should is used where provision is preferred.
d. Shall / Must is used where a provision is mandatory / vital.

1.9

Units
Unless otherwise specified by ADMA-OPCO, SI units should be used in
accordance with ISO 1000. However, Imperial units versus SI units should be
quoted between brackets e.g. 30C (86 F).

1.10

Lessons Learnt
Upon completion of works related to the scope of this document, lessons learnt
shall be made available by the contractors/consultants/job officer and shall be
provided to ADMA-OPCO Lessons Learnt system as appropriate.

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1.11

Environmental Conditions
Following parameters shall be considered for installation works:
Parameter

Description
General conditions:
Minimum ambient temperature: 5 C
Maximum ambient temperature: 48 C

Temperature

Design ambient temperatures:


a) For Indoor Installations: 40 C
b) For Outdoor Installations: 50 C
(Note: All components shall be capable of withstanding storage
and transport temperature of 85 C.)

Humidity

The relative humidity is high throughout the year, averaging


about 70 % and reaching 95 % or more in the early morning
hours, although in winter the humidity may fall below 50 %
temporarily during a Shamal.
Design relative humidity: 95 %

Altitude

Sea level

Atmosphere

Salipherous and corrosive, often containing fine dust and


pollutant, in particular traces of carbon dioxide and hydrogen
Sulphide.
Dust storms are commonly associated with Shamals.

Dust storms

This fine dust has extremely high mobility and can penetrate
normally dustproof enclosures. All measures shall be taken to
protect such ingress of dust and prevent subsequent
accumulation within equipment and cause malfunction.
Relatively rare and amounts are small.

Rainfall

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Measurable rainfall usually occurs on an average of about 10


days per year.

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2.

QUALITY ASSURANCE
2.1

Quality Assurance System

2.1.1

All activities & services associated with the scope of this Specification shall be
performed by Contractors/ Vendors approved by ADMA-OPCO.

2.1.2

The Contractor/Vendor shall operate a Quality Management System (QMS) within


his organization, which ensures that the requirements of this Specification are fully
met.

2.1.3

The Contractor/ Vendors quality management system shall be based on ADMAOPCO Specification SP-1009 or the latest issue of ISO 9001 Series and accredited
by an international certifying agency.
The Contractors quality manual shall provide details for the preparation of a
quality plan, which shall include provisions for the QA/QC of services activities.
Where an approved Contractor/ Vendor revises their Quality Management System
that affect the ADMA-OPCO approved Quality / Inspection & Test Plan, then the
revised Quality Plan / Inspection & Test Plan shall be submitted for ADMA-OPCO
approval before initiating any service activities.

2.1.4

The effectiveness of the Contractors quality management system may be subject to


monitoring by ADMA-OPCO or its representative and may be audited following an
agreed period of notice.

2.1.5

The Contractor/ Vendor shall make regular QA audits on all their Sub-contractors/
Vendors. Details of these audits shall be made available to ADMA-OPCO when
requested.

2.1.6

The Contractor/ Vendor shall maintain sufficient Inspection and Quality Assurance
staff, independent of the service provider management, to ensure that the QMS is
correctly implemented and that all related documentation is available.

2.1.7

Using Sub-contractors is not allowed for services/functions carried out by the


Contractor without the approval from ADMA-OPCO.

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2.2

Quality Plan

2.2.1

Contracted activities associated with the scope of this specification shall be


performed in accordance with an approved Quality Plan.

2.2.2

The level of detail required in the Quality Plan shall be commensurate with the
scope of services provided.

2.2.3

The quality of works is an essential factor in carrying out all services & activities
covered by this document.

2.2.4

During services/activities, quality assurance/quality control issues are the


responsibility of the Contractor, and shall be approved and certified by TPA.

2.2.5

Conflicts between contractor & TPA shall be reported in writing to ADMA-OPCO


for resolution.

2.3

Inspection and Certification Requirements


For all major equipment like generators, variable speed drive systems, switchgear,
transformers and UPS systems, the VENDOR shall submit type test reports of the
equipment at the tendering stage of an enquiry.
Furthermore, certificates or declarations of conformity for equipment in hazardous
areas shall be required.
All equipment and devices sourced from European Vendors and installed in
hazardous area shall be as per ATEX directives.
Details of tests to be performed on electrical equipment are covered in respective
equipment standards.
The VENDOR of such equipment shall ensure that these Inspection and
certification requirements for material shall be certified to ADMA-OPCO CP-102
and BS EN 10204.

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3.

BASIS OF DESIGN

3.1

The particular project design shall commence with project specific design criteria,
which shall be prepared by the Contractor and submitted for ADMA-OPCO
approval.

3.2

The design and engineering of the electrical installation shall satisfy all relevant
ADMA-OPCO Standards, Safety Codes and Practices and when applicable statutory
requirements of any local authorities and the requirements included in this
document.

3.3

The design of the electrical systems shall be based on the following key aspects:
a. Safety of personnel and equipment during operation and maintenance.

3.4

b.

Reliability of supply of primary electrical power source and distribution


system.

c.

Accessibility.

d.

Simplicity of operation.

e.

Voltage regulation throughout the distribution system.

f.

Frequency stability.

g.

Flexibility to expand and adapt.

h.

Cost effective.

The power distribution system planning and design shall consider the following:
a. Electrical load definition, load forecasting and locations of major equipment.
b.

c.
d.

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Allow operation and maintenance of the system safely without unduly


affecting the production of the plant and remote operation from a centralized
control room, or technical room.

The loads shall be classified as: Vital, Emergency, Essential, Normal and
temporary, as per following definitions:
a.

Appropriate power distribution philosophy, utilization voltages, maximum


continuity of supply to users, protection, monitoring and control,
communication etc.
Provide reliable power sources for essential/emergency loads.

Vital / very essential loads: Loads affecting the safety management systems
such as Fire and Gas, Public address, Emergency Shutdown Systems, High
Integrity Protection Systems and critical telecommunication systems. The Vital
loads shall be supplied by means of battery back-up UPS systems.

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b.

Emergency loads: Loads affecting personal safety, means of escape and


emergency response capabilities, whether directly or indirectly and a risk of
major damage to installation or equipment. These loads shall include but not be
limited to:
b1.

Emergency lighting.

b2.

Aeronautical equipment (e.g. Non Directional beacon).

b3.

Black start utilities (in case no Essential generator is provided).

b4.

One supply to the AC or DC UPS system.

b5.

Critical HVAC loads, such as Control room HVAC systems.

b6.

Food cold stores.

b7.

Supply to battery back-up systems for critical communication systems.

b8.

Radar systems.

b9.

Life boat battery chargers.

b10. Fire water main and jockey pumps (if electrically driven).
b11. Battery systems for run down lub oil pumps (please note that in case an
Essential generator is available, this load shall be fed from the Essential
system).
b12. Ventilation systems for battery rooms.
b13. HVAC systems for UPS rooms.
b14. Emergency generator and switchgear room ventilation and air
conditioning.
b15. Man overboard search lights.
b16. Instrument air compressor (in case of 2 * 100 % instrument air
compressors, one shall be supplied from the emergency generator and
one from the normal power generation).
b17. Potable water systems for living quarters.
b18. Battery chargers for portable hand lamps.
In case the emergency generator is adequately sized and relatively close to the main
gas turbine generator starter motors, there will be no need to include a separate
essential generator within the design.

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c.

Essential loads: Loads involved in the restarting of the installation in case the
emergency generator has insufficient capacity to energize the main gas turbine
starter motors or in case the emergency generator is too remote to allow the
transfer of energy to the main gas turbine starter motors. The essential
generator shall be automatically started on loss of normal supply. It shall be
possible to select auto mode (automatic start) or manual mode (operator start)
by means of a selector switch. The essential loads shall include but not be
limited to:
c1.

HVAC for switchgear rooms.

c2.

Black start utilities (in case the Emergency generator is inadequate or too
remotely located).

c3.

Lighting systems required for start-up.

c4.

Battery systems for run down lub oil pumps.

d.

Normal loads: Loads, which have no effect either on the safety or the safeguard
of installation or equipment.

e.

Temporary loads: Loads which have no effect on the normal production or


safety, but are intended to supply the loads for temporary services during
Onshore or Offshore construction activities or during operations. Normally
these loads shall be supplied, by temporary generators which shall be located in
non-hazardous areas.

For offshore telecommunication applications and navigational aids dedicated


battery back-up supply systems shall be provided in accordance with SOLAS
regulations.
For all types of load the load schedule as provided in Appendix-A3 shall be applied,
clearly indicating the type of load in the heading.

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4.

POWER SUPPLY SYSTEM


4.1

General
The design and construction of the electrical systems shall take into consideration
potential alternatives for the supply of electricity such as ADMA-OPCOs own
generation systems and outside supplies through local utility suppliers. A
combination of these two alternatives shall be considered to provide the most
economical and reliable solution.

4.1.1

Power Supply required for the ADMA-OPCO onshore facilities and offshore is
presently by dedicated power generation. Reference is made to the typical offshore
and onshore Key One line diagrams (See Figs.1&2, Appendix-A2). Please note that
referenced typicals are indicative and shall be adapted to project specific
requirements on a case to case basis, subject to ADMA-OPCOs approval.

4.1.2

The firm capacity of normal electrical power system shall be capable of supplying
continuously 120 % of peak load, without exceeding the specified voltage limits,
frequency limits and equipment ratings.

4.1.3

For offshore application the power generation system shall follow a N-1
philosophy, meaning that N generators minus the largest generator can continuously
supply 120 % of the peak load.

4.1.4

For onshore application the power generation system shall follow a N-2 philosophy,
meaning that N generators minus the two largest generator can continuously supply
120 % of the peak load.

4.1.5

The number and size of generators selected will be a result of a joint technical and
economical study by the Contractor and ADMA-OPCO.

4.1.6

For subsea cables a spare capacity of 20 % peak load shall be taken into account.

4.1.7

If the sole source of power for the production and utilities is derived from a subsea
power cable, the subsea power cable shall be redundant. Each subsea cable shall be
routed via a different route so that no single event can cause the loss of both the
subsea cables.

4.1.8

For general considerations of prevention of installation interference between subsea


cable and subsea pipelines reference is made to ADMA-OPCO SP-1048, and SP1056.

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4.1.9

For subsea cable installation, pre-installation surveys shall be performed to check


the status of the desired route. For installation, appropriate vessels and equipment
such as motorized rim reel drive, tensioner, bend restrictors, sand bags, etc. shall be
applied. As a standard requirement, sand bags shall be used to protect the cable
against vortex shedding induced vibrations. Post lay surveys shall be performed to
check the status of the cable after installation and also to confirm distances between
cable and the existing infield pipelines.

4.1.10 The subsea cable and associated equipment and installation methods shall be in
accordance with the project specific requirements and subject to ADMA-OPCO
approval.
4.2

System Configuration
The principle system design shall comprise of a HV and LV Normal, Essential
Emergency and Vital (UPS) generation and distribution system as shown in
Appendix-A2 (fig. 1&2). The UPS system and distribution panels shall be designed
in such a way that maintenance can be performed in a safe manner on one side of
the system while the other side remains live without disruption of UPS power to
consumers.

4.2.1

4.2.2

H V System
a.

The main HV switchboard is connected directly or through unit transformers to


the local generation units.

b.

HV switchgear with at least two power supplies shall have two bus-sections
and a bus-tie rated for the total load on the switchgear including a minimum
spare margin of 20 %. In order to increase the availability, redundant
equipment shall be judiciously split between the two bus-sections. The HV
switchboard shall normally operate with the bus-tie closed; however during
maintenance activities one section might be out of service while one section is
maintained life, therefore both sections have to operate independently.

Emergency Power System


The emergency generator system can be utilized to provide both the emergency and
black start services. In case the required black start power supply and other essential
demands are such that a dedicated essential generator and associated equipment
proves a necessity, the requirements as stipulated below shall both apply to the
essential as emergency generation system. However in case of offshore application,
the emergency generator and associated systems and the installations shall be
certified by a certifying authority as per ADMA-OPCO approved TPA list.
a.

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The emergency generator(s) shall receive a start signal upon loss of voltage at
the emergency service switchboard and automatically feed the emergency
loads with minimum interruption.
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4.2.3

b.

For normal power recovery, synchronization between the main and the
essential sources shall be provided. Upon restoration of the main generation,
the generator shall be stopped manually.

c.

Provisions shall also be made to test periodically the start up and loading of the
emergency generator. This will require synchronization of the generator with
the normal generation system at the emergency switchboard.

d.

The Emergency and Essential generator shall have a primary and a secondary
start system. Each system with sufficient stored energy to provide a minimum
of six starts equivalent to 180 seconds of cranking time at an ambient
temperature of 5 C. Thus providing a total of twelve consecutive starts with a
total cranking time of 360 seconds at an ambient temperature of 5 C.

e.

The Emergency generator shall be equipped with a diesel day tank sized for
twenty four hours full load.

f.

The Essential generator shall be provided with a diesel day tank sized in
accordance with the project specific requirements. The Essential generator
shall supply the diesel transfer pumps to guarantee a continuous flow of diesel
from the main diesel fuel storage tanks. In case no Essential generator is
required the fuel transfer pumps (or one of the fuel transfer pumps in case the
system is configured as 2 * 100 %) shall be supplied from the emergency
diesel generator. This will only be applicable if the main normal power
generation system is suitable for dual fuel or includes diesel generator.

LV System
a.

Low voltage switchgear and Motor Control Centres (MCCs) shall have two
incomers and one tie breaker. MCCs for turbo generator/ turbo compressor/
HVAC auxiliaries and LV switchgear where only one incomer is sufficient,
with specific notification to ADMA-OPCO, the same can be provided.

b.

The two bus sections (A and B), and associated incoming breaker (A and B)
and bus-tie breaker (C) can be in the following configurations:
b1. Incoming circuit breakers A and B closed and the bus-tie C open.
b2. Incoming circuit breaker A and the bus-tie C closed, incoming B open.
b3. Incoming circuit breaker B and the bus-tie C closed, incoming A open.
The configuration b1. Represents the normal operating condition.
The configurations b2. and b3. may be used during maintenance on one of the
incoming feeder. Transfer from one configuration to another one, shall not
cause any loss of supply to consumers, (make before break).

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4.2.4

c.

The short-circuit rating of the switchboard however, is not required to be


calculated to cover for this condition as the risk of a fault occurring at the
instant when all three circuit breakers are closed is considered extremely
unlikely. In all cases, the three circuit breakers shall never be simultaneously
closed for more than one (1) second as described above. Key lockable switches
and clear instruction plates at the front of the switchboard shall be provided, to
prevent any miss operation.

d.

For essential and process sensitive loads, as per project specific requirements,
separate LV switchboard/ MCCs shall be used with bus-tie closed to allow for
uninterrupted operation of the connected loads during failure of any single
source. In such cases the short-circuit current on the bus shall be calculated for
closed bus-tie and both incomers feeding the fault. The switchboard shortcircuit rating shall be calculated accordingly.

e.

Note that after a complete shut down all battery supplies of the Vital system
might be drained, therefore ESD overrides shall be implemented allowing the
Emergency generator to start after a total outage. These overrides shall be key
operated with clear instruction plates and shall be executed suitable for Zone 1,
IIB, T3 areas, in case these are located in battery rooms the classification shall
be Zone 1, IIC, T6.

f.

HVAC drives may be fed in the following manner as specified in the project
scope, either:
f1. Starters integrated into Normal/Emergency switchgear.
f2. From a dedicated HVAC switchgear (with normal and essential sections).
Each section being fed by one feeder from a Normal switchboard and one
feeder from an Emergency switchboard.
f3. From separate dedicated normal and essential HVAC switchboards, each
being fed by one feeder from the respective electrical board.

Transformers
Each power transformer shall be able to feed the total load of its downstream
switchboard. In normal configuration, the two transformers shall feed each half of
the bus section, each providing around 50 % of the load. Transformers shall have a
20 % spare capacity. Transformers shall comply with ADMA-OPCO STD-155.

4.2.5

Distribution Boards
Distribution boards (e.g. for lighting and small power) shall be normally fed by only
one feeder coming from an upstream board. For Vital loads (eg. DC and AC UPS),
two feeders shall be required as specified in the data sheet.

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4.3

Distribution System

4.3.1

Main Power distribution within the ADMA-OPCO onshore and offshore facilities is
High Voltage (HV) (11 kV and/or 33 kV (future)) unless otherwise specified or
indicated in single line diagrams.

4.3.2

On-site power generator circuits shall be connected at a common primary


substation, the common primary sub station shall be used as the main load
distribution center for the site facility.

4.3.3

Outgoing load circuits shall be connected to the bus sections in such a way, that
power flow across bus bar section switches is minimized and shall in addition
permit unscheduled and scheduled bus bar section outages with minimum
disturbance to the connected loads.

4.3.4

On-site power generators may be connected either directly to the primary power
supply bus bars or via generator/transformers.

4.3.5

Different configurations of power supply schemes are existing in ADMA-OPCO


onshore and offshore facilities. General schematic of the same are shown in
Appendix-A2 Figures 1&2 respectively.

4.3.6

11 kV bus bars in the Main Receiving Station/Sub-station shall be continuous with


bus section breakers in normally closed position.

4.3.7

Feeders to continuous process unit Sub-stations shall be radial type. Each unit Substation shall have two 120 % rated 11 kV feeders terminating directly on a 11kV
switchgear or transformers, pending project specific requirement.

4.4

Equipment Rating/Sizing

4.4.1

Equipment sizing for each installation shall be such that all extensions known at
design phase shall be taken into account.

4.4.2

All components (e.g. bus bars, circuit breakers, contactors, switches, etc.) and
cables shall be rated for at least the fault rating of the equipment in which they are
installed.

4.4.3

In particular, the short-circuit rating of the generator switchgear shall be calculated


taking into account all generators running and connected simultaneously. Any
additional future contribution (e.g. future extra generators or incomers) shall be
specifically mentioned in the project specifics and taken into account accordingly.

4.4.4

The short-circuit rating of LV switchboards shall be determined with one


transformer in operation (bus-tie closed) and all the LV consumers in service.

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4.5

Supply Voltage, Frequency and Supply Waveform


a.

Voltage at equipment terminals shall not deviate from the rated equipment
voltage by more than 5 %.

b.

System frequency shall not deviate from the rated frequency (50Hz) by more
than 2 %, during transient conditions a maximum frequency deviation of 5
% is permitted for short periods of time (<1.5 Seconds).

c.

During starting or reacceleration of a motor, either individually or in a group,


the voltage at the motor terminals shall not deviate by more than -15 % from
rated voltage when started direct on line under worst operating scenario i.e.,
largest motor started with minimum number of power source and minimum
fault level.

d.

Transient voltage deviations occurring at switchgear bus bars during


starting/reacceleration of a motor or group motors shall be such as to maintain
a voltage at the bus bars of at least 90 % nominal voltage.

e.

All equipment shall be suitable to operate satisfactorily for the total harmonic
voltage distortion (THD) of 5 %.
Total harmonic voltage distortion at any point in the system shall, in any event,
not exceed 3 % (individual odd harmonics <2 % and individual even
harmonics <1.5 %).
For large drives utilizing reduce voltage motor starting principles the voltage
reduction shall be such that motor acceleration is guaranteed and sufficient
load torque with 10 % spare capacity is provided.

f.

g.

Notes:
1. Equipment having special requirements with respect to variations in voltage
and/or waveform shall be provided with a power supply that is adequately
stabilized and/or filtered.

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2.

Electrical loads having non-linear characteristics that produce voltage and


current wave form distortion of a magnitude detrimental to the lifetime or
performance of electrical equipment shall not be utilized unless appropriate
measures are taken to render harmless the effects of such distortion, e.g. by
providing suitable harmonic filters.

3.

For installations having subsea cables used to transmit power to or from


offshore platforms, a study shall be carried out to find out the possibility of
resonances occurring at low order harmonics leading to over voltage and over
currents. Means shall be provided to mitigate the problem of resonance and to
avoid the voltage distortion at the load end or the supply. Based on the study,
the necessary protective measures shall be adopted. However, these will be
project specific.

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4.6

System Power Factor


The overall system power factor, inclusive of reactive power losses in transformers
and other distribution system equipment, shall not be less than 0.9 lagging at rated
load.

4.7

Standard Voltages and Tolerances

4.7.1

The selection of voltages shall be based on the following parameters:


a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

4.7.2

Power to be delivered (based on the power balance established for each


consumer voltage level).
Short-circuits levels.
Existing systems and supplies.
Distributors supply voltage.
Distances between consumers and supplies.

The general electrical characteristics for electrical systems shall be as presented in


the following table.
Voltage
33 kV

11 kV

Operational Neutral
range
system
10 %

10 %

NER

NER

Service

Allowable Voltage
Drop (%) at Terminals

Inter connector
Unit Transformer

5%

Generator

5%

Motor

5 % running
15 % starting

Inter connector

5%

6.6 kV

10 %

NER

5%

3.3 kV

10 %

NER

5%

415 V

10 %

Solid

5%

240 V

10 %

Solid

Lighting

2%

240 V

10 %

Solid

Small power

2%

110 VAC

10 %

Solid

Local I&C panels

5%

See
Note 1

Navigational aids,
instruments, control &
2%
monitoring systems
and, telecom.

DC
Systems
24, 48, 110
VDC

10 %

Note 1: In principle the negative pole shall be grounded, however in special


application the positive pole might be grounded (e.g. telecommunication
equipment) or the system requires a fully floating. Therefore special consideration
shall be given to the earthing of DC systems and shall be evaluated on a case to case
basis.
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4.8

Electrical Design Studies


Electrical studies and calculations shall be performed by the Contractor/
Engineering Consultant to substantiate the selection and sizing of electrical
equipment such as generators, transformers, bus duct, switchgear, etc.

4.8.1

Electrical Consumer Lists and Load Balance


The Contractor shall prepare a load summary, which will list all electrical
consumers. This document shall include as a minimum:
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
g.
h.
i.

Equipment tag numbers,


Driver equipment service,
Rated voltage,
Absorbed mechanical power,
Nameplate rating,
Efficiency,
Absorbed electrical power in kW and kVAR,
Diversity or cyclic factor,
Power factor.

All the loads, including standby units, shall be listed under the switchboard/motor
control centre to which they are connected so that the load and size of each
switchboard/MCC can be determined.
The individual power transformer ratings and generator ratings shall also be
included in the summary.
The total design load is defined below:
Total design load = Continuous (emergency, essential and non-essential) load + 30
% of the intermittent load or the largest intermittent load (whichever is higher).
4.8.2

Load Assessment and Electricity Consumption


A schedule of the installed electrical loads, the maximum normal running plant load
and the peak load, expressed in kilowatts and kilovars and based on the plant design
capacity when operating under the site conditions specified, shall be prepared,
reference is made to Appendix-A3. This shall be completed and updated regularly
throughout the design stage of the project, and shall form the basis for provision of
the necessary electricity supply and distribution system capacity.

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Formula for determining the total electrical loads shall be as follows:


Considering
1) Sum of all Continuous loads
2) Sum of all Intermittent Loads
3) Sum of all Standby Loads
4) Diversity factor for Continuous loads
5) Diversity factor for Intermittent Loads
6) Diversity Factor Standby Loads

:E
:F
:G
:x
:y
:z

For load Calculation formulas:


Maximum normal running plant load
Peak load

: x (%) E + y (%) F
: x (%) E + y (%) F + z (%) G.

The values of the diversity factors x, y and z must take account of the individual
drives or consumers which make up the continuous, intermittent and stand-by loads,
respectively. For example, y (%) F cannot be less than the largest individual
intermittent drive or consumer.
a.

The following default values shall be used for load assessments:


x = 100 % (By definition, at rated plant throughput all driven equipment
should be operating at its duty point. However, some diversity may need to be
applied to non-process loads, e.g. offices and workshop power and lighting
(typically 90 %).

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= 30 %

= 10 %

b.

A separate schedule shall be prepared for each switchboard, the total of all
switchboard loads being summarized as required to arrive at the maximum
normal running and peak loads for each substation and for the plant/facility
overall.

c.

All loads to be shed during an under-frequency condition shall be identified as


such in the remarks column. All loads to be automatically restarted (in case
of specific process/ operational requirements) after a voltage dip at the bus bars
(<85 % for 5 seconds) shall be identified as such in the restarting column. The
percentage of total intermittently operating load that contributes to the
maximum normal running load will depend on Plant operations.

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4.8.3

Power System Studies


Power system studies shall be produced where specified in the project scope. The
number/type of studies and their timing of execution will depend on the size and
complexity of the installation.
The software to be used shall be ETAP, EDSA (latest version) or ADMA-OPCO
approved equivalent. Contractor shall provide the native file, including editable
Power System Model (without password protection) for each submittal of the
system study report to ADMA-OPCO.
A basic outline of study types is given below:
a.

Load flow study (steady state conditions)


This study will be used to calculate voltages at any location in the network plus
currents in all branches thus giving MW/MVAR/MVA flows.
This information will allow adjustment of machine ratings, transformer and
cable sizes, etc. to ensure that steady state voltages are maintained within
acceptable limits and ensure that equipment will operate within desired ratings.

b.

Motor Starting studies


Voltage drop will be studied during motor starting operations.
The maximum system transient impedance shall be used in calculating voltage
drops relating to motor starting, restarting and re-acceleration requirements.
The actual distribution of the allowable overall steady-state voltage drop across
the different parts of the electrical system will depend on the circuit
configurations and distances between circuit components.
The steady state voltage drop of each circuit shall be calculated on the premise
that the total load on the circuit is equal to the sum of the nameplate full load
amperes of all connected utilization devices that will be in operation under
normal conditions.

c.

Short-circuit calculation
These studies shall be used to calculate fault data as follows:
c.1

Balanced short-circuit currents at any location e.g.:


Initial symmetrical short-circuit current, Ik and steady state short-circuit
current, k for thermal withstand of switchgear.

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c.2

Peak short-circuit current used for electro-dynamic stresses and the


making capacity of circuit breakers.

c.3

Symmetrical short-circuit breaking current used for breaking capacity of


circuit breakers.

c.4

Decaying (a-periodic) component of short-circuit current.

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c.5

Unbalanced short-circuit currents at any location e.g.:


c.5.1

Line to line.

c.5.2

Double line to earth.

c.5.3

Line to earth.

Short-circuit studies shall be carried out in accordance with IEC 60909.


d.

Dynamic stability studies


Depending on the size and complexity, a particular electrical network dynamic
stability study may be required. It shall be required for installations with
internal electrical generation.
This study shows the dynamic response of an electrical power system and
monitors the ability of the network to give stable responses to transient
conditions and disturbances such as short-circuits, generator tripping and
starting of large motors.
The results will be used to:
d.1 Verify selection of equipment and system configuration.
d.2 Determine the need for load shedding following a fault and or loss of
generation and maximum acceptable load shed times.
d.3 Confirm the protection plan.
d.4 Confirm stability of the system and maximum acceptable fault clearance
times.
d.5 Verify motor starting capability.
d.6 Verify motor reacceleration and restart capability and develop restart
sequences.

e.

Harmonic studies
For installations, which contain a significant percentage of non-linear loads
(e.g. variable speed drives, large thyristor controlled heaters, etc.), harmonic
studies shall be produced.
These studies shall verify that any harmonics on the system are in accordance
with acceptable limits taking full account of the various harmonic sources in
the network. Where required, action shall be taken either by equipment oversizing or by additional filtration to meet these limits.

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4.9

System Protection and Metering

4.9.1

Protection and metering scheme for the electrical distribution network shall be as
shown on single line diagrams. Typical protection schemes and minimum
requirements for various applications are included in Appendix-A2.

4.9.2

Unit type protection with overlapping zones shall be provided as primary protection
for the various elements of the power system. Graded time over current protection
shall be provided as backup protection.

4.9.3

All protective relays shall be microprocessor, intelligent type and shall be subject to
ADMA-OPCO approval based on existing installations and project specific
requirements.

4.9.4

Protection schemes for certain equipment /circuits not specified shall be developed
during the study in consultation with ADMA-OPCO.

4.9.5

For co-ordination of electrical system protective devices, ADMA-OPCO protection


philosophy is:
a.
b.

Time constant protection system shall be preferred. Time dependent protection


system may be considered.
Selectivity shall be preferably time graded.

c.

Protection settings are based on minimum short-circuit values.

d.

In case of protection failure, any electrical fault shall be tripped by the


upstream protection.

e.

A lockout relay (86) shall be installed on all equipment to inhibit automatic


restart after a failure (except thermal overload (49), local reset only).

f.

Protection settings shall not be changed through communication links, however


facilities shall be available in the relays for the same, to allow programming of
system parameters at the relay.
Differential protection shall be considered only for large/critical equipment
reference is made to Appendix-A2 Typical Schemes.

g.

4.9.6

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Preliminary protection and co-ordination diagrams shall be proposed when loads


are tentatively sized and before order placement of major equipment , to ensure that
all the HV, LV and DC systems will be ultimately selective.

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4.9.7

The final electrical co-ordination study shall include the following:


a.

Detailed Electrical protection diagrams showing the protective devices and


associated current and potential transformers.

b.

Vendors name, type, designation and ranges as applicable, for all protective
selected relay settings and setting range, circuit breaker trip settings and fuse
sizes.

c.

Time-current diagrams showing the coordinated minimum and maximum


clearing time curves for the selected settings and sizes of the protection
devices.

d.

Supporting data, such as motor starting and running currents, calculated fault
currents, equipment protection requirements, inrush currents and references
that were used in establishing the setting and sizes of the protective devices.

e.

Copies of the Vendors characteristic curves for all relays, circuit breaker
trips and fuses used for equipment protection.

f.

Vendors instruction manuals for all protective devices.

4.9.8

Final study shall be completed when the loads and electrical system are adequately
defined and the equipment types and ratings are firm.

4.9.9

Selectivity study and relay set reports for all systems including sets of curves with
settings, tripping time, etc. shall be prepared by the Contractor. Any discrepancies
or gaps in the systems fault discrimination during particular or general operating
scenarios shall be clearly highlighted in the study report.

4.10

Intertripping and Interlocking

4.10.1 Intertripping sequences and interlocking must be achieved by hardwired interlocks


via PMS/DCS shall be considered additional only.
4.10.2 Intertripping shall be provided, where applicable, between associated equipment to
correctly isolate faulty items and to leave the system in a predictable orderly state
after the operation of protection devices:
e.g.:
Normal opening or tripping by protection of HV breaker shall cause the opening of
the corresponding LV breaker.
4.10.3 Interlocking shall be provided, where applicable, to prevent incorrect operation of
equipment. This shall be achieved, depending on the particular equipment involved,
either electrically and/or by a system of locks and key switches as far as reasonable
and practical.

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e.g.:
Mechanical interlock between the earth switch of the generator incomer breaker and
the generator excitation control panel shall be provided.
Downstream breakers and tie breakers shall not be closed until upstream breakers
are closed.
Key interlocking shall be provided in order to prevent application of earthing
devices until all sources of supply are isolated (access to transformer terminals, HV
live parts in switchboard, etc.)
Mechanical interlocking shall prevent closing of an earthing switch on an energized
part of an HV circuit.
4.11

Power Management Systems (PMS)

4.11.1 General

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a.

Depending on the size, complexity and operating requirements of the


distribution system, the Power Management System (PMS) shall be
implemented to facilitate control, supervision and monitoring of the network.

b.

The PMS functions however should only be an aid to the operation of the
network with the safety requirements being ensured by the normal direct acting
devices (e.g. protection relays acting on circuit breakers) which are not linked
to the PMS. In addition, the network shall remain in service should the PMS
fail. Manual facilities shall be provided to allow manual operation in case of
PMS failure.

c.

Typical functions to be included are:


c.1

Control of power generation and distribution e.g. remote closing of


circuit breakers from a central control point (which may be the control
room or an electrical technical room).

c.2

Provision, at the central control point, of a VDU based system to provide


animated display of power generation and distribution system, data
acquired and provide operator/machine interface.

c.3

Load shedding.

c.4

Motor re-acceleration/restarting.

c.5

Sources automatic transfer sequence.

c.6

Event recording and parameter trending.

c.7

Display of alarms.

c.8

Interface with Process Control System(s).

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4.11.2 Load Shedding


a.

Depending on the power generation design and the load balance a load
shedding system may be required.

b.

Loads to be shed, shall be selected in accordance with process priority.

c.

Load shedding shall be achieved either by the Power Monitoring System (if
any) or by dedicated fast acting modules and providing a response time
suitable for successful operation (20ms maximum).

4.11.3 Restarting
In accordance with process requirements a restart scheme may be required for
motors.
4.11.4 Black Start Requirements
Black start is defined as the operational scenario from a total loss of power
including main UPS up till start/ running of the normal power generation plant.
The black start shall always be manually executed. A general requirement for
establishing a black start philosophy is listed below. A job specific black start
philosophy shall be established taking the specific operational and system
requirements into consideration.
A black start shall be possible from the emergency generator or from the essential
diesel generator.
For offshore applications the intention is to limit the size of the emergency
generator. The emergency generator is normally located in the Accommodation for
offshore applications. Therefore the emergency generator itself might not be
capable of providing sufficient power for a black start depending on the actual startup load required.
After a total loss of power, including UPS (emergency shutdown) the ESD trips on
the emergency generator will be manually overridden (rig saver, start battery circuit
breaker trip) and manually opening of emergency generator room fire dampers, the
emergency generator can be started. From the emergency distribution board the
feeder circuits to the main UPS system can be re-established (ESD overrides on
these feeder circuits). This will allow the ESD, F&G and DCS system to reboot.
The next action will be to start a diesel generator, it will be required to manually
open the fire dampers associated with the area where the diesel generators are
located, to establish the supply of combustion air. The diesel generators can in
principle be started without seawater/ air primary cooling systems and can run
initially on there closed cool water system which will require a mechanically driven
pump and an electrically driven pump. If the diesel generator is started by means of
starting air (machinery starting air system required) a primary seawater service
pump of limited size can be started to facilitate the seawater flow through the closed
cooling water heat exchangers.
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From the diesel generator the closed cooling water circulation pumps associated
with the gas turbine generators can be started. The gas turbines will require
instrument air.
The fuel gas to the gas turbines has to be ensured by means of a fuel gas take off
lines before first stage separation or by applying dual fuel burners, which will allow
the gas turbines to start-up on liquid fuel.
The start motor and air supply fans of the gas turbines shall be powered from the
diesel generators. After overriding any associated ESD trips on the gas turbines, the
normal power generation plant can be started.
The required equipment and associated steps to be taken shall be developed in detail
during the design stage and care shall be taken regarding the location of certain
equipment to facilitate the black start sequence. It shall be taken into account that
all batteries are drained (except for the generator start batteries). Each override shall
be provided with a status indication to the DCS.
a.

Initial status
a.1 All sources of power are shut down and all batteries discharged and
switched off.
a.2 All electrical rooms are presumed to be filled with gas.

4.12

b.

Purge of the emergency generator room (including all auxiliaries), or if


installed outdoors, make sure that there is no gas around or inside the package
enclosure. Open fire dampers. Room purge can be ensured by natural
ventilation (opening louvres, doors, etc) or by an independent portable fan
(suitable for hazardous areas).

c.

When the atmosphere is recognized as safe, override any ESD/ Fire & Gas trip,
start the emergency generator. Start purging required equipment/ switchgear
room(s) to allow normal power generation start-up.

d.

Energize the DC and UPS systems.

e.

Remove ESD/ Fire & Gas trips.

f.

Progressive starting of the main turbo generators.

g.

Progressive supplying of all of the electrical equipment.

Earthing & Lightning Protection Systems


The main goals of system grounding are to minimize voltage and thermal stresses
on equipment, provide personnel safety, reduce communication system interference,
and give assistance in rapid detection and elimination of ground faults.
For earthing and grounding practices BP GP-12-25 shall be followed.
Protection against lightning shall be in accordance with BS.EN 62305.

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4.12.1 High Voltage Systems Earthing

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a.

For an installation with its own power generation and electrically isolated from
any external network, high voltage neutral shall be earthed by low impedance.
Special attention shall be paid to the value of the Neutral Earthing Resistor
(NER) considering reliable earth fault tripping, limiting maximum earth fault
currents and circulation of harmonics.

b.

Each generator shall operate with the neutral connected through a resistor
directly to earth.

c.

Earthing resistors should be provided with insulation suitable for the phase-tophase voltage of the system to which they are connected as a minimum,
otherwise dictated by the system fault voltage.

d.

The power rating of the Neutral Earthing Resistor shall be such that the resistor
can sustain the maximum earth current that can occur for a minimum of 10
seconds without any deteriorating effects and limiting the temperature rise to
760 C, (Hot Spot value).

e.

The enclosure of the Neutral Earthing Resistors shall be suitably coated, in


such a way that high temperatures will have no deteriorating effects on the
coating.

f.

Special attention shall be paid in case that unequal generator are running in
parallel as there could be a risk that third harmonic circulating current will flow
through the earthing resistor, causing false tripping of the ground fault
protection. Therefore the earth fault protection has to be set above the
circulating third harmonic current if no third harmonic filter is included in the
protection relay.

g.

For earthing of networks or power supply branch lines fed by transformers a


neutral point resistor shall be installed on the secondary side of each
transformer. Depending on the operating philosophy, a switching device shall
be provided.

h.

In case electricity is derived from a utility supplier (e.g. ADWEA), the neutral
system and the relevant fault current values shall be limited as defined by the
utility company.

Issued For Implementation


Description / Text Affected
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SF / General / 002 Rev.0 sheet 1 of 1

SP-1080

PAGE
30

4.12.2 Low Voltage Systems Earthing


In principle all Low voltage and small power circuits shall be solidly earthed,
except where indicated otherwise. The earth fault protection devices shall be fully
selective to each other.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

5.

Each outgoing 415 VAC feeder/ motor supply shall be provided with RCDs,
with a maximum trip setting of 150 mA.
LV generator and transformer incomers shall have an integral earth fault trip
relay with a maximum trip setting of 300mA.
Supplies to small power (240 V) lighting loops shall have a maximum RCD
trip setting of 100mA.
Supplies to small power/ UPS socket supply loops shall have a maximum RCD
trip setting of 30mA.
Individual small power supplies/ UPS shall have a maximum RCD trip setting
of 30 mA.

CLASSIFICATION OF HAZARDOUS AREA


5.1

General

5.1.1

The hazardous area classification and associated drawings shall be used for the
selection of electrical equipment, unless otherwise indicated (e.g. for
standardization purpose bulk material shall be standardized for use in hazardous
areas, regardless of the location)

5.1.2

Hazardous area shall be classified into Zones 0, 1, 2 in accordance with IEC 6007910.

5.1.3

In principle the ATEX directives can be followed, however equipment specified in


accordance with ATEX shall in addition fully comply with IEC 60079 standards to
ensure uniformity of design and application.

5.1.4

The area classification shall be conducted in accordance with IEC 60079-10, and
referenced as such in the applicable documentation, however the examples and
information provided in the latest edition of Part 15 of the Institute of Petroleum
model code of safe practice shall be utilized as design application guidance.

5.1.5

Grouping of various hazardous gases and vapors shall be as per IEC 60079.

5.1.6

Electrical equipment selection and installation for the classified area shall be in
accordance with IEC 60079, for specific motor requirements reference is made to
ADMA-OPCO STD-148 & STD-149. Please note that Ex(p) motors are not
permissible.

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SF / General / 002 Rev.0 sheet 1 of 1

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PAGE
31

5.1.7

In general the normal temperature classification for most applications shall be T3


(200 C), the gas group in most application shall be IIB, unless otherwise indicated
in this specification or in the project specific hazardous area documentation.
All electrical equipment used in classified area should be ATEX certified or
equivalent eg. (USA - UL, FM, ETL & Germany PTB, BVS etc.) subject to
specific approval from ADMA-OPCO.
The ingress protection shall be IP56 as a minimum.

5.1.8

Regardless of the hazardous area classification, the following considerations shall


be made for selection of equipment and materials:
a.

b.
c.

6.

Escape lighting systems, navigational aids, platform identification lights,


helideck lighting and public address system on offshore installations shall all
be suitable for a Zone 1 environment.
All electrical equipment in battery room shall be suitable for Zone 1, IIC, T6.
All bulk items such as junction boxes, light fittings, local control stations etc.
used in process areas shall be suitable for Zone 1 hazardous areas even in
unclassified areas to have uniformity and minimizing of spares.

SUBSTATIONS
6.1

General

6.1.1

Electrical distribution equipment shall be normally located within dedicated


electrical rooms and in case of ONAN type of transformers they shall be located
outside in separated bays adjacent to the room. It is permissible to have dry type
transformers located in electrical switchgear rooms.

6.1.2

Substation location shall be as near as possible to the loads and outside hazardous
areas as far as possible.

6.1.3

Number of different types of transformers shall be limited as much as possible.

6.1.4

Dimensions of substations shall enable easy and safe operation and maintenance.

6.1.5

Provisions shall be taken to mitigate any wiring fire consequences (emission of


corrosive smoke leading to spurious trips with possible production losses). As far as
practical, low smoke, Halogen free material shall be used.

6.1.6

Substations shall be built from concrete for large onshore buildings, or of prefabricated or modular construction for offshore and small onshore buildings.

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SF / General / 002 Rev.0 sheet 1 of 1

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PAGE
32

6.1.7

6.1.8

6.1.9

Only authorized personnel shall enter into the electrical substations. The electrical
substations shall be fitted with key locking doors and with at least one exit equipped
with an anti-panic system.
Electrical rooms shall be air-conditioned to provide clean and dry environment,
special attention shall be paid to humidity control and adequate numbers/ rating of
anti condensation heaters shall be incorporated in equipment design.
Appropriate room pressurization shall be provided in case of sand, wind, dusty
atmosphere or location in hazardous area, or in case rooms have to operate under
gas/ fire hazardous conditions and the supply air can be taken from a safe area.

6.1.10 The layout within the room shall be governed by the size and quantity of switchgear
and a reservation shall be made for extensions (e.g. at least 25 % extra space to be
provided for future phases unless otherwise specified).
6.1.11 For HV and LV switchgear, available space for one cubicle at each side shall be
provided as a minimum.
6.1.12 The layout will provide safe access and adequate space for operation, maintenance
and removal of each item of equipment.
6.1.13 Doors shall be provided such that an unobstructed exit route is available in case of
emergency.
6.1.14 One door shall be sized to allow entry of the largest single item of equipment.
Rooms shall be designed with raised floor (offshore, with minimum height of 600
mm) or technical void (onshore, minimum height of 1.80 m) for cable routing.
Cable penetrations in the buildings shall be by MCT (offshore) or by adequate
sealing method (onshore). One spare penetration for temporary cable entry shall be
provided. Bottom entry is preferred.
6.1.15 Process & Utility pipe works shall be avoided within electrical rooms. Cable trays
and ladders shall be used for cable routings in raised floors.
6.1.16 Floor finishing shall be designed for rolling of the heaviest load (circuit breaker on
its truck, etc) and tolerance (floor flatness shall be in accordance with switchgear
VENDOR requirements). Floors shall be coated with anti dust coating as per
ADMA-OPCO SP-1030.
6.1.17 Electrical rooms with concrete walls and ceiling shall be painted.
6.1.18 HV and LV equipment can be located in the same switchgear room (authorized
access only).
6.1.19 Substations in hazardous areas shall be pressurized as per hazardous area
classification requirements and all equipment shall be also properly selected and
installed.
0

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SF / General / 002 Rev.0 sheet 1 of 1

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PAGE
33

6.1.20 Manual operated total flooding fire fighting systems, shall be provided in
switchgear rooms, transformer rooms (when stated in the project specific scope of
work) and emergency generator rooms (in case the emergency generator is equal or
larger than 500 kW), complying with all relevant codes and standards.
6.1.21 Gas, smoke detectors and fire dampers shall be installed as per fire & gas
requirements and ADMA-OPCO specification ADMA-OPCO SP-1134.
6.2

Minimum Clearances in Substations


Following figures are minimum values given as a general guidance, unless
otherwise specified by equipment / switchgear VENDOR.
Vertical from equipment to ceiling

450 mm

Front of operating side of high voltage switchgear

1400 mm

Front of operating side of low voltage switchgear

1000 mm

Switchgear from each end and non operating side


Other Equipment, at least on 3 sides

750 mm *
< 250 mm (or) > 750 mm

*Note: In case of switchgear construction, which is such that it is designed to be


fully serviced from the front side, this requirement can be relaxed, subject to
ADMA-OPCOs approval. For cooling purposes a minimum distance from the wall
is required depending on Vendor requirements.
7.

EQUIPMENT AND MATERIALS


The following are the general requirements for equipment and materials. Please note that in
deluge protected areas, only cable entries from the bottom and the sides are allowed. In all
other areas side and bottom entries are preferred and top entries shall be prevented as much
as possible and are only allowed if unavoidable.
Additionally, all items to be used in hazardous areas shall comply with the specific
hazardous area classification requirements.
In general all electrical equipment rooms and generator enclosures shall be serviced by
redundant HVAC systems with auto-change over facilities.
7.1

Generators

7.1.1

Main generators shall either be gas turbine driven or steam turbine driven as
specified for the project. Generators shall comply with ADMA-OPCO Specification
(to be advised). Emergency and Essential generators shall be diesel driven and
designed in accordance with GP-12-85.

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Date

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Description / Text Affected
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ADMA-OPCO
SF / General / 002 Rev.0 sheet 1 of 1

SP-1080

PAGE
34

7.1.2

Generator auxiliaries shall be supplied from a 415V switchboard fed from a


11kV/415V transformer directly connected to the generator output through a
breaker with necessary protection. This switchboard shall have a second feed from
the Emergency or Essential switchgear with suitable changeover arrangement for
start-up purposes.

7.1.3

Generators and associated equipment required for black start purposes shall be
serviced by ventilation systems provided with black start key lockable fire and gas
overrides (suitable for Zone 1 operation), with status indication (to DCS), to allow
fire dampers to be opened and fans to be started to supply combustion air and
cooling air. Clear instruction plates shall be provided denoting the black start
operation instructions.

7.1.4

Black start facilities shall be provided/ensured for the generator if specified.

7.2

HV Switchgear

7.2.1

High Voltage switchgear up to and including 11kV shall comply with ADMAOPCO STD-144.

7.2.2

All circuit breakers in the switchgear assembly shall be installed in single tier
formation. Double tier formation may be allowed if safe maintenance is proven and
economically attractive.

7.2.3

At least one fully equipped cubicle shall be provided as spare on each bus section, if
not specified elsewhere in construction documents.

7.3

Transformer

7.3.1

Power and distribution transformers shall comply with ADMA-OPCO STD-155 &
electrical reactor shall comply with ADMA-OPCO STD-154.

7.3.2

Rating of HV/LV distribution transformer shall be limited to 2500 kVA unless


specifically approved by ADMA-OPCO. The contractor shall review standard
ratings of transformers in ADMA-OPCO facilities and propose suitable new
transformers in accordance with site specific requirements. Contractor shall design
and supply transformers of ratings similar to existing to minimize type and spares.

7.3.3

Oil immersed distribution transformers/ electrical reactors shall be separated by


walls (onshore) or fences (offshore) and shall be protected against rainfall or direct
sunlight by a removable roof. Fencing and roof shall allow natural ventilation.
Adequate oil containment shall be provided around the transformer/ electrical
reactor to contain any leakage.

7.3.4

When required transformers/reactors located in offshore areas shall be separated


from process area by a firewall.

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Rev

Date

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Description / Text Affected
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SF / General / 002 Rev.0 sheet 1 of 1

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PAGE
35

7.3.5

In principle transformers/electrical reactors shall not be located in Hazardous areas.


However if this is unavoidable, the transformers shall be ATEX Certified or
equivalent (minimum Zone2, IIB, T3). In case the required transformer(s)/reactor(s)
are not available as a certified type, pressurized equipment rooms can be
considered, including air locks, Zone 1 certified ventilation system, low pressure
and loss of pressure alarms and shutdowns. Special attention shall be paid to the
location of the air inlets of the equipment room, they shall be positions in such a
way that their intake is drawn from a safe area. Gas detectors and fire dampers shall
be included in the design as per Fire & Gas requirements.

7.3.6

The NERs shall be located in a safe area and as close as possible to the transformer
or generator.

7.4

LV Switchgear and Motor Control Centres


The following are the general requirements unless specified otherwise.

7.4.1

Low voltage switchgear and control gear shall comply with ADMA-OPCO STD143.

7.4.2

Switchboards/ MCCs for air conditioning system of all buildings (industrial as well
as non industrial) shall be with microprocessor based protection relays. These
switchboards shall be fed from the main 415 V switchboard. Auto or manual
changeover facility shall also be incorporated as per project specific requirements.

7.5

Motors

7.5.1

Electric motors shall comply with ADMA-OPCO STD-148 for LV motors & STD149 for HV motors.

7.5.2

As a general rule, motors up to 160 kW shall be Low Voltage; above 250 kW


motors shall be High Voltage. Motors between 160 and 250 kW shall be subject to
technical and economical study by Contractor if required as per project
requirements. LV motors rated above 160 kW may be acceptable in case provided
with reduced voltage (star delta), soft starter or VFD subject to ADMA-OPCO
approval for a specific project.

7.5.3

When required for certain critical auxiliaries of rotating machinery DC motors shall
be used. AC motors fed by AC UPS are not acceptable for such applications.

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Rev

Date

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ADMA-OPCO
SF / General / 002 Rev.0 sheet 1 of 1

SP-1080

PAGE
36

7.6

UPS Systems

7.6.1

For detailed Specification for DC and AC UPS refer ADMA-OPCO STD-146 &
STD-156.

7.6.2

Unless otherwise specified in the project particular specification the autonomy of


the UPS are defined in the following table:
Type of load

Unearthed

90 minutes

Battery backed up
Emergency lighting

N-Earthed

90 minutes

Rev

Date

Voltage

Remarks

110 V DC

LV Contactor Control shall be


derived directly from the bus through
individual MCBs and control
transformers (where required).
Voltage shall be 240V AC, 50 HZ,
1PH+N and shall be solidly earthed

Power shall be derived from integral


240 V AC,
battery packs, with status indication
50Hz,1ph+N
lights

Offshore:Instrumentation DCS,
SCADA, F&G, ESD,
Local Control Panels

Unearthed

90 minutes

110 V AC

In case 24 V DC is required it shall


be derived inside the control/
instrument cabinet from the incoming
AC UPS supply

Onshore:-Instrumentation
DCS, SCADA, ESD,
Local Control Panels

Unearthed

90 minutes

110 V AC

24V derived internally from AC UPS


supply

Onshore:- F&G

Unearthed

90 minutes

240 V AC

STOREX area with 110V AC UPS

Navigation aids

Unearthed

96 hours

12/24 V DC
or 240 V AC

Unearthed

90 minutes
under
continuous
alarm

48 V DC

Vendor
standard
requirement

Vendor
standard
requirement

110 V (see
note under
Remarks)

Post lube pump of


machine etc.

02-08

Autonomy

Electrical Switchgear HV
& LV (incomers and bustie), Protection & Control

Telecom-PABX

Earthing
System

Supplied by service provider


(ETISALAT)

Preferred voltage for minimizing the


spares. Other standard voltage
subject to approval.

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Description / Text Affected
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ADMA-OPCO
SF / General / 002 Rev.0 sheet 1 of 1

SP-1080

PAGE
37

7.7
7.7.1

Batteries
Battery shall be of the following type:
a.

Nickel-Cadmium (Ultra low maintenance types, design life > 20 years).

b. Sealed Lead-acid (Reduced maintenance types, design life > 12 years).


Batteries associated with diesel starting arrangements shall be suitable for more
than 3000 cycles at an 80 % depth of discharge.

7.7.2

Batteries located in non-air conditioned rooms/ enclosures or on open decks, shall


be suitable to operate satisfactory at temperatures of 60 C.
Batteries shall in principle be installed in dedicated battery rooms. Installation in
cubicles shall be assessed on a case to case basis, depending on the application and
battery capacity (small capacity battery banks might be installed in general purpose
equipment rooms, due to very low concentration of vented gasses) subject to
ADMA OPCOs approval.

7.7.3

A circuit breaker with over current protection and under voltage tripping coil shall
be provided for isolation. It shall be in an EExd IIC T3 (minimum) enclosure
located close to the battery room. Reset of this breaker shall be possible by an
externally accessible operating handle. In case the circuit breaker is located inside
the battery room it shall be certified for the use in a Zone 1, IIC, T6 area.

7.7.4

As batteries might release hydrogen, ventilation shall be provided in the enclosures


containing battery cells. Facilities shall be provided to inhibit the charge mode in
case of failure of the ventilation system and revert to float mode.

7.7.5

The following shall be considered for installation in dedicated battery room:

02-08

Rev

Date

a.

Batteries shall be installed on insulated steel stands or as per project


specifications.

b.

If lead acid batteries are used, floors shall have an anti acid coating and drip
trays.

c.

If Nickel Cadmium batteries are used, floors shall have an anti alkaline coating
and drip trays.

d.

A motor driven fan shall ventilate the battery room. This fan shall be suitable
for use in Zone 1, IIC and T6 environment.

e.

In battery rooms Hydrogen detectors shall be installed and in case of high


hydrogen alarm, the battery charging shall be switched off. Ventilation shall be
continued, as this shall be rated for operation in Zone 1 area.

f.

Ventilation failure shall initiate an alarm in the control room. Stopping and/or
inhibition of the charge mode shall be provided.

Issued For Implementation


Description / Text Affected
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ADMA-OPCO
SF / General / 002 Rev.0 sheet 1 of 1

SP-1080

PAGE
38

7.8

Capacitors

7.8.1

Capacitors may be provided in different onshore locations of the electrical lag.


Distribution system to achieve an overall power factor not less than 0.9. For
offshore applications if required, due considerations shall be made regarding safety
and hazardous areas.

7.8.2

The direct connection of capacitors for power factor improvement to motor circuits
is not permitted.

7.8.3

Capacitors shall be of the low-loss, metal-enclosed, hermetically sealed type. LV


capacitors should be of the self-healing type complying with IEC 60831 and HV
capacitors shall comply with IEC 60871. All capacitor units should have
individually fused elements unless specified otherwise.

7.8.4

HV capacitor banks shall be installed outdoors under sunshade in suitable


containerized metallic enclosures with necessary door interlocks. Special attention
shall be paid to the maximum allowable operating temperature of the capacitor
banks, which as a minimum shall be 105 C.

7.8.5

For Electrical Reactors reference shall be made to ADMA-OPCO standard


154.

7.9

Local Motor Control Stations

7.9.1

Every motor shall be provided with start/stop control stations Ex(d)/Ex(e) type
suitable for Zone1 IIB T3 areas, IP65 industrial type and mounted local to motors.
Enclosure shall be of high impact, flame retardant, anti-static, ultraviolet resistance
glass reinforced polyester.

7.9.2

Start/stop control stations shall normally be installed on suitable steel supports close
to the motor they control and shall be wired directly to the motor starter in the
MCC/Switchboard. The motor tag number and description shall be clearly
identified close to the start/ stop station.

7.9.3

Motors automatically controlled by a level switch, pressure switch or temperature


switch etc., shall have hand-off-auto selector switch mounted local to the motor.
The unit shall have facilities for locking in the off position.

7.9.4

Start/stop control stations shall be located at grade for all fin-fan and cooling tower
motors. In addition a lock-off stop push button shall be located near each motor.
The motor tag number and description shall be clearly identified close to the stop
button.

7.9.5

All motors, which can be started from more than one location, shall be provided
with hand-off-auto control stations adjacent to the motor, and start/stop at all
locations. The Motor control station(s) shall have facilities for locking in the off
position.

02-08

Rev

Date

STD-

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PAGE
39

7.9.6

Lock-off type stop push buttons shall be located adjacent to the motor where the
control station is remote from the motor.

7.9.7

All motors equal and above 22 kW shall be provided with ammeters in the field
integrated into the control station. The motor starters shall be provided with suitable
current transformers for this function.

7.9.8

All motor control stations shall have ISO metric threaded entries for cable glands.
When impact resistant molded plastic enclosures are used for motor control
stations, suitable stainless steel threaded gland plates shall be provided.

7.9.9

Where a number of Motor Operated Valves (MOVs) are connected in a loop to


power feeders, each MOV shall be provided with a local isolation switch near the
MOV to isolate incoming power. The switch shall have pad-locking facility in the
off position.

7.9.10 Anti condensation heaters shall be provided with field isolation switches, pad
lockable in off position.
7.10

Cables and Accessories

7.10.1 Cables shall comply with ADMA-OPCO STD-140 for low voltage & STD-141 for
high voltage cables respectively.
7.10.2 Minimum cross section of low voltage power cables shall be 4 mm and for control
cables 2.5 mm: Minimum size of high-voltage power cable shall be 25 mm.
Maximum cross section of 3 core power cables shall be 185 mm for motor circuits
and 300 mm for feeder circuits. Single core cables up to 630 mm may be used for
generators, transformers.
7.10.3 At least 20 % spare cores shall be provided in control cables subject to a minimum
of one.
7.10.4 All spare cores shall be terminated, cut backs are not permissible.
7.10.5 Following aspects shall be considered in cable sizing as a minimum:

02-08

Rev

Date

a.

Thermal short-circuit capacity.

b.

Voltage drop.

c.
d.

Continuous Current rating.


De-rating factors due to ambient/soil temperature, soil thermal resistance and
group de-rating factors. Soil temperature for cable sizing to be considered shall
be 35 C unless stated otherwise.

Issued For Implementation


Description / Text Affected
ELECTRICAL DESIGN CRITERIA

ADMA-OPCO
SF / General / 002 Rev.0 sheet 1 of 1

SP-1080

PAGE
40

7.10.6 Voltage drop to be considered for cable sizing shall be as follows:


a.

Power distribution Feeders

: 2%

b.

Lighting distribution feeders

: 1%

c.

Lighting branch circuits

: 2%

d.

Motor branch circuits

: 3.25 %

e.

Voltage of Motor terminals while starting

: 85 %

Voltage drop and cable sizing calculations shall be furnished.


7.10.7 Cables shall be sized to withstand the stresses due to short-circuit current equivalent
to the rating of switchgear and the fault clearing time of protective devices. For
circuits controlled by circuit breakers with instantaneous protection fault clearing
time of 0.25 seconds shall be considered. Copper tape screen of all HV cables shall
be rated for a fault clearance time of 1 second. In case that this is not possible, a
separate earth conductor of adequate cross section in contact with the cable shall be
provided.
7.10.8 Cable trenches, ducts and crossings shall be provided with a minimum spare
capacity of 20 % for future use.
7.10.9 The following considerations shall be given to under ground routing of power
cables with respect to instrumentation and other low energy system cables to avoid
interference. A minimum separation of 1500 mm shall be allowed between long
parallel lines of power and low energy system cables. Additional separation of
4000 mm is required from high voltage cables. With 90 crossings, a vertical
separation of 150 mm shall be provided.
For above ground/ offshore installations the following minimum distances shall
apply:
a. Between HV cables

: 300 mm

b. Between HV&LV cables

: 300 mm

c. Between LV cables

: 200 mm

d. Between LV power cables & instrument cables

: 600 mm

e. Between HV power cables (up to 33 kV) & instrument cables

: 1000 mm

All motor control cables shall be laid alongside their respective power cable.
7.10.10 The design of above ground/ offshore cable supporting system shall be as per
Vendors recommendations and such that risk of damage to the adjacent facilities or
equipment due to cable failure or short-circuit is minimized. Cable cleats at
appropriate distances shall be installed for HV cabling to ensure that the cables
remain in position during a short circuit.

02-08

Rev

Date

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Description / Text Affected
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ADMA-OPCO
SF / General / 002 Rev.0 sheet 1 of 1

SP-1080

PAGE
41

7.10.11 Only cables with the same insulation class and without risk of interference may be
allowed to run in the same tray/ ladder/ trench.
7.10.12 For above ground/ offshore applications cable trays/ladders shall be as per ADMAOPCO STD-107. Cable tray/ladder covers shall be provided where exposed to
direct sunlight and mechanical damage likely to occur during plant maintenance
activities.
7.10.13 For above ground/ offshore applications all cables shall be adequately secured to
the rack/ ladders by means of UV resistant coated SS316 steel wire wraps.
7.10.14 All cables shall be identified by durable SS316 cable markers, located on both sides
of every transition/ transits/ manhole and along the cable at intervals of a maximum
of 20 m, this requirement can be relaxed pending on the particular application and
location subject to ADMA-OPCOs approval. Inside panels/ switchboards computer
printed core markers, durably secured are permissible.
7.10.15 For motors and other 3 phase consumers, 3 core power cables (4 cores if neutral is
required) are permissible if the consumers are adequately earthed and the
appropriate authority & regulations are adhered to.
7.11

Lighting

7.11.1 The lighting system shall be split into three main systems:

02-08

Rev

Date

a.

Normal system: fed from normal distribution boards.

b.

Emergency system: fed from emergency distribution boards comprising of, a


minimum of 30 % of the total normal lighting in any area, a higher percentage
of emergency fed lighting shall be supplied in areas where black start
activities have to be executed such as control rooms, switchgear rooms and
generator rooms to allow safe and adequate operations. In the emergency
generator/ switchgear room and UPS battery and equipment rooms all lighting
fixtures shall be fed from the emergency switchboard and provided with
integral battery back-up suitable for use in Hazardous areas (Zone 1,
minimum: IIB, T3, battery rooms IIC T6 or T4). Lighting in access door air
locks shall be emergency type with battery back up.

c.

Emergency system, battery backed-up: Exit lights and selected luminaries,


which illuminate escape routes, exits and ladders, shall have an integrated NiCd battery and shall be suitable for use in Hazardous areas (Zone 1, minimum:
IIB, T3). As a minimum 30 % of the total emergency lighting in any area shall
be battery backed-up.

Issued For Implementation


Description / Text Affected
ELECTRICAL DESIGN CRITERIA

ADMA-OPCO
SF / General / 002 Rev.0 sheet 1 of 1

SP-1080

PAGE
42

7.11.2 Lighting system designed for the plant facilities shall include plant lighting,
building lighting, sub stations, street and area lighting, plant perimeter fence
lighting, etc. Lighting system shall provide uniform and adequate intensity of light
in working areas and shall be arranged to give a symmetrical appearance. All
outdoor lighting fixtures shall be suitable and certified for the maximum ambient
temperature as stated in section 1.11. Luminaries shall be as per IEC 60598.
7.11.3 The use of high-pressure sodium vapor lamps (HPS) shall be maximized as far as
possible for illumination at operating platforms, below pipe racks, etc. throughout
the plant. However, lighting fittings in strategic locations and for emergency
lighting shall be fluorescent type. For offshore, high pressure sodium floodlights
shall be used for boat landing and work over areas lighting.
7.11.4

Illumination levels shall be in accordance with the levels as stated in Appendix-A.


Calculation methods and design approach shall be in accordance with the IESNA
(Illuminating Engineering Society of North America), reference standard
ANSI/IESNA RP-7-01. In case any specifics are not covered by the IESNA
standard, API RP 540 (Electrical Installation in Petroleum Processing Plants) can
be applied as guidance.

7.11.5 No outdoor lighting switch shall be provided on an offshore platform unless


otherwise specified.
7.11.6 Lighting ingress protection in outside area shall as a minimum be IP56.
7.11.7 Industrial/decorative fluorescent lighting fixtures with electronic ballasts shall be
used for illumination in substations, control rooms, offices, etc. Lighting installation
in control rooms and conference rooms shall be designed for switching off
independently ceiling light groups to suit operator needs. Dimmers shall be
provided to control the illumination level. Special attention shall be paid to the
lighting in control rooms to ensure that screen operation is not impaired by light
reflections. The reflectors on the luminaries shall be such as to provide glare free
light with high degree of visual comfort on the screens.
7.11.8 All lighting fittings in process areas shall be solidly fixed and not suspended by
means of chains/conduits, etc. unless approved for specific applications. They shall
be mounted such that routine maintenance can be carried out safely and without the
use of temporary scaffolding.
7.11.9 Light fittings for general illumination shall be located as close as possible to
instruments, gauges etc. as to avoid special lighting for these devices.

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7.11.10 Flood lights shall be used for open area lighting. Flood lighting fixtures shall be
mounted at sufficient elevation and directed so as to provide uniform illumination.
Plant structures shall be used where possible for mounting such flood lights. Street
lighting and flood lighting poles shall be of suitable type to facilitate re-lamping and
where these are to be installed in existing facilities, they shall match with existing
arrangements and subject to ADMA-OPCO approval.
7.11.11 Onshore all outdoor plant lighting, street lighting, fence lighting and flood lighting
shall be controlled by photo electric cells.
7.11.12 For all street lighting, fence lighting and flood lighting, high pressure sodium
vapour lamps shall be used unless specified or approved otherwise (such as in case
it has to match with existing facilities).
7.11.13 Lighting/receptacle distribution Panels shall be located in the area being served. All
outgoing circuits in Panels located in plant area shall be controlled by double pole
miniature circuit breakers. At least 20 % spare outlets shall be provided in each
lighting and receptacle distribution panels.
7.11.14 Aircraft warning lights shall be installed on all structures 40 m and above, designed
and constructed in accordance with local aviation regulations. Lamps used for
aircraft warning lights shall be of neon tube and long life type. Lighting fixtures
used on stacks shall be able to withstand the expected vicinity temperature of the
installation.
7.11.15 Tank farm Lighting shall be by flood lighting. However flood lighting poles/towers
shall be located outside the tank bunds.
7.11.16 All junction boxes used for lighting and receptacle circuits in the plant areas shall be
of high impact, flame retardant, ultra violet resistant glass reinforced polyester.
7.11.17 Minimum size of wiring for lighting and receptacle circuits shall be 2.5 mm and 4
mm respectively. All wiring for lighting and receptacle circuits in all (industrial as
well as non industrial) buildings shall be concealed using PVC conduits.
7.11.18 A maximum of 12 lighting fixtures per lighting loop shall be applied. The
arrangement shall be such that failure of one lighting loop will not result in
complete darkness of one area. Therefore as a minimum two lighting loops per area
shall be applied.
7.11.19 Helideck lighting and associated illuminated wind sock shall be as per local
aviation authority requirements.
7.11.20 Navigational aids for offshore installations shall be provided in accordance with the
local coastal protection acts.
7.11.21 For onshore airport, lighting requirements (air stripers) shall be provided as per
local civil aviation authority requirements.

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7.12

Socket Outlets

7.12.1 Outlets for Welding


a.

Welding outlets shall be 63 A, 415 V, 3 phase 4 wire, 5 pin industrial switch


socket units. Not more than two outlets shall be connected to one circuit which
shall be fed from a 63 A fused contactor with earth leakage device or a 63 A
MCB with RCD.

b.

Welding outlets shall be provided in the operating areas assuming a 50 m long


extension cable. Plugs shall be supplied on the basis of one plug for every two
sockets.
In case socket outlets are to be provided in hazardous areas, they shall be
certified accordingly and provided with pad lockable off switches.

c.

7.12.2 Maintenance Outlets


240 V, 16 A, 3 pole (Phase, Neutral and Earth) industrial type switched socket
outlets shall be provided in the operating areas located on the basis of 25 m
extension lead. Not more than 3 single outlets shall be connected to a single circuit
derived from the distribution board located in the area served (MCBs with 30mA
RCDs).
For DAS Island the Maintenance outlets shall be 110 VAC, 20 A, 3 poles (Phase,
Neutral and Earth).
7.12.3 Socket Outlets in Buildings:
a.

b.
c.
d.

e.
f.
g.
h.

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240 V switched socket outlets, 13 A, 3 pin shall be provided in all buildings


spaced not more than 3 m apart (distance measured along the wall) with a
minimum of two receptacles per room.
The maximum number of convenience outlets on one supply shall be 8 single
or 4 double outlets.
The distribution panel shall be provided with 16 A MCBs with 30 mA RCDs,
reference is made to section 4.12.2.
Socket outlets for maintenance purposes shall be as per section 7.12.2 and shall
be located throughout the building in such a way that they can be reached from
any location within 25 m.
All external sockets shall be provided with plugs.
Socket outlets installed inside technical rooms shall be of industrial type with
covers.
Convenience socket outlets circuits shall not be mixed with lighting circuit.
As a minimum and unless otherwise specified, the following number of UPS
socket shall be installed:

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h.1 1 single clearly & durably marked UPS socket in technical room and
workshop.
h.2 2 single clearly & durably marked UPS sockets in each office, control
room, laboratory and instrument and telecom workshop if any.
h.3 4 single clearly & durably marked UPS sockets in Instrument & Telecom
room.
7.13

Portable Lamps
Hand held portable lamps for maintenance shall be provided with 240 VAC wall
mounted chargers. The portable lamps shall be suitable to operate in a Zone 1, IIC
T4 or T6 environment. Portable lamps shall be located at each exit of control
rooms, telecom rooms, switch gear rooms, emergency generator room and shall be
located in each airlock.

8.

9.

ELECTRICAL HEAT TRACING


8.1

Electrical heat tracing shall be provided as required and in accordance with ADMAOPCO Specification (to be advised).

8.2

Trace heating shall be designed to operate on 240 V single phase.

8.3

Trace heating shall be carried out using self-regulating type. Alternatively skin
effect type heat tracing system may be proposed in case it has advantages for a
specific application, subject to ADMA-OPCO approval.

INSTRUMENTATION INTERFACES
9.1

For consumers (e.g. electrical drives), when controlled and monitored by the DCS a
Motor Management System (MMS) also known as a ICMS (Integrated protection
Control and Monitoring System) with a redundant serial link (protocol as per
instrument requirements) shall be implemented. The ESD trips and any required
status feedback to the ESD shall always be hard wired and fail safe, an interposing
relay panel as per the instrument requirements shall be provided for that function.
The signals/ indication which shall be provided per consumer are in principle:
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
g.

Start.
Stop.
Running indication.
Failure indication.
Available (available to DCS).
Running hours (only for MMS, pending project specific requirements).
ESD (Hard wired).

For Motor Management Systems Engineering work stations (EWS) shall be


provided in the switchgear rooms to allow for an ergonomic users interface.

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9.2

Alternatively (subject to ADMA-OPCOs approval) a conventional interface


system can be provided with similar signals as listed in section 9.1 (except for the
running hours indication, which shall be provided at the switchboard). This system
shall consist of interposing relay panels. The interposing relay panels shall provide
a galvanic isolation between the control system and the switchgear. The signals
from and to the DCS/ESD shall be as per instrument requirements.
For local control panels provided with local logic controllers or PLCs which are
outside the DCS/ESD system, a similar interface philosophy shall be applied as
stated in section 9.2. However its preferred that all process and utility drives are
controlled through the DCS and if a local control panel is unavoidable there should
be a serial link between the DCS and the local control panel where all monitoring
and control signals are transferred, so that all starting, stopping and status transfer
can be done from the DCS through the Motor Management System or interposing
relay panels.
For equipment associated with fire fighting, black start, UPS and Emergency or
Essential supply and distribution systems, the link between the associated control
panels and the drives/ consumers shall always be as direct as possible without the
use of the Motor Management System, however interposing relays shall always be
applied.

9.3

IRPs shall be located within the substation/ switchgear rooms, unless otherwise
agreed with ADMA-OPCO.

10. NON-INDUSTRIAL BUILDINGS


10.1

Non-industrial buildings comprise all buildings outside the process areas, e.g.
workshops warehouses, canteens, administration buildings, fire stations, training
centres, gatehouses, chemical stores, etc.

10.2

They shall all be classified as non-hazardous with the possible exception of


chemical stores, i.e. depending on the chemicals and the method of their storage
and handling.

10.3

The design and installation of the power, lighting and earthing systems shall
comply with IEC 60364, the relevant parts of this specification and the local
regulations and BS wiring regulations. All wiring shall be in concealed conduits.

10.4

The power supply voltage to each building shall be the same as the LV supply to
the plant.

10.5

Emergency lighting & escape lighting shall be installed in the buildings. Escape
lighting shall be installed along all the emergency exit routes from the building and
shall be non classified, except for chemical/ paint stores.

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10.6

Illumination levels shall be as stated in Appendix-A1 unless specified otherwise in


project drawings or documents.

10.7

Twin outlets of the domestic pattern standard rated for 13 A, 3 pin, in accordance
with IEC 60083 shall be used. Industrial pattern convenience outlets and power
outlets shall be provided, e.g. in workshops, as applicable.

10.8

Earthing, bonding and lightning protection shall be provided as specified.

10.9

Power supplies to lifts shall be derived directly from the main switchboard.

11. MISCELLANEOUS
11.1

Electrical Workshop and Safety Kits

11.1.1

The electrical workshop shall be equipped with an electrical test panel for
maintenance purposes to allow testing of the various types of equipment at various
voltages found on the site.

11.1.2

An electrical safety kit(s) shall be provided in each electrical room including, stool,
voltage detector, pole, gloves, shoes, mobile earthing kit with clamps, warning and
first-aid posters.

11.1.3

In front of switchgear, insulated rubber matting shall be provided.

12. SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS FOR OFFSHORE INSTALLATIONS


This includes specific requirements for offshore Complexes and Wellhead platforms. All
requirements for hazardous areas shall be as per section 5.0 of this document.
12.1

Power Supply
The normal power supply shall be provided by a main power generation within the
platform or via a subsea cable from an onshore or another offshore facility.

12.2

Platform supply socket

12.2.1

When required in a Project particular specification, an external socket from which


all the platform or only special equipment (e.g. crane) can be supplied from an
external source shall be installed.

12.2.2

This socket shall be located near the boat landing for supply from boat or on the
upper deck. These sockets shall be certified for the use in hazardous area.

12.2.3

Unless otherwise specified, socket voltage shall be 415 V, 3phase +N, 50 Hz, with
Earth connection (5 pin 63 A socket, IP56, Zone 1,IIB,T3 specified with cap).

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12.3

Jetties

12.3.1

Earthing and bonding of jetties shall be executed in accordance with IEC 60079-14
and ISGOTT.

12.3.2

The application of these rules results in electrical isolation between ship and jetty
installations, regardless of whether or not the jetties are cathodic protected.

12.3.3

Pipe and/or hose connections between the ship and the jetty shall be provided with
insulating flanges or joints, whose minimum insulation resistance after installation
shall be 1000 , measured at 1 kV. The maximum insulation resistance shall be
1 M to prevent static build-up.

12.3.4

Gangways shall be insulated from the ship by means of insulated rollers.

12.3.5

Slings shall be fabricated from non-conductive material, e.g. nylon. Steel or similar
conductive materials shall not be used.

12.3.6

To earth the vessel to the Jetty, a ship to jetty bonding cable and a jetty mounted
Ex(d) isolating switch shall be provided for each berth.

12.3.7

The jetty cathodic protection system, if any, shall take into account the leakage
current to the on shore earthing system.

12.3.8

Breasting dolphins, fenders and the jetty itself, if metallic, shall be insulated from
the ships hull, e.g. by wooden facings.

12.4

Wellhead towers

12.4.1

For low power applications solar shall be considered. Other non-conventional


sources such as wind power may also be used with techno-economic justification.

12.4.2

All equipment shall be suitable for a highly corrosive offshore environment, SS316
or non-corrosive UV resistant non-metal material can be applied, suitable for the
environmental conditions.

12.4.3

Navigational aids as mention in section 7.11.21 shall be provided.

12.4.4

Bird deterrent systems shall be provided eg. solar arrays shall be equipped with
adequate and suitable bird spikes.

12.4.5

When solar power system provided on wellhead towers for electrical distribution
it shall comprise of:
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.

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Rev

Date

Solar Arrays.
Charger/ Regulator.
Batteries & battery boxes.
24 V DC distribution boards.
Isolators/switches.
24 V DC sockets.
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12.4.6

All this equipment shall be suitable for use in a Zone 1 area (IIB, T3). The
equipment shall be ATEX certified or equivalent e.g. UL, FM or Certified in the
country of origin subject to approval by ADMA-OPCO. The ingress protection
shall be IP56 minimum (exceptions are subject to ADMA-OPCOs approval).

12.4.7

The solar power supply arrangement on wellhead tower shall be based on a


centralized system configuration using 2 * 100 or 3 * 50 % solar subsystems

12.4.8

The battery shall be sized for:


a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

12.4.9

Autonomy of 7.5 days No Sun condition,


Maximum battery depth of discharge of 80 % of normal capacity
Minimum end cell voltage shall be 90 % of normal battery voltage.
Battery types shall be selected in accordance with section 7.7.1
Minimum temperature range

Adequate isolation facilities (two pole), to maintain any component without


affecting system operation.

12.4.10 The system shall have a minimum design life of 25 years; batteries shall have a life
time expectance in accordance with section 7.7.1.
12.4.11 Equipment shall be suitable for continuous operation at 48 C and 100 % humidity.
12.4.12 The nominal voltage shall be 24 V DC with tolerance 10 % or better.
12.4.13 The Solar battery control system shall be provided with a battery low alarm
(transmitted through the overall well head control & monitoring system), with a set
point of 95 % of nominal battery voltage. In case the nominal battery voltage drops
to 90 %, the batteries shall be automatically disconnected. The battery automatic
disconnecting switch shall be provided with a black start override and will be
enclosed in a Zone 1 (minimum IIB, T3) IP56 enclosure with a clear and durable
instruction plate. The auto disconnect switch can be combined with the battery
circuit breaker. The position of the battery circuit breaker and the black start
override shall be provided to the overall wellhead control and monitoring system.
Note: The wellhead control and monitoring system shall be designed in such a way,
that on loss of control power the control system shall shut down to fail safe mode.
Special attention shall be paid and discussed/agreed with the instrumentation
discipline to ensure correct and reliable implementation of this feature.
12.4.14 The battery circuit breaker shall be sized to take the full load plus 20 % spare and
shall be suitably rated for the highest prospective short-circuit current. The battery
circuit breaker shall have pad lock facilities to function as main battery isolator.

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PAGE
50

12.4.15 The earthing system for Wellheads shall consist of:


a.

Main earth electrodes formed by the steel deck main structural and steel jacket
legs of the platform. Main copper nickel plated earth bar(s) shall be provided at
suitable locations, which are exposed to waves to a minimum. The earth bar
shall be earthed through two welded earth bosses to the main deck. The Earth
bosses shall be SS316. All screw connections shall be SS316, M10 and
provided with nut, washer and spring washer (all SS316).

b. Tap off connections by means of earth cables from main earth bus bar(s) or
local fully welded SS316 earth bosses to each equipment on the Wellhead
tower with a minimum earth cable diameter of 10 mm.
c.

All gas piping & flanges/taps shall be suitably bonded (minimum 6 mm) for
static discharge and connected to the main earth. For other piping & flanges if
the continuity is maintained no need to bond except for long lengths.

13. EQUIPMENT AND CABLE NUMBERING SYSTEM


The electrical equipment and cables shall be identified by means of a group of letters as per
ADMA-OPCO MNL-00 for Design Draughting Practice.
14. DRAWINGS AND DOCUMENTS
14.1

General

14.1.1 All necessary drawings, documents, specifications relating to the electrical design
and installation, interconnection of equipment shall be prepared by Contractor.
14.1.2

A drawing and document schedule shall be prepared listing all the engineering
documents (specifications, drawings, material requisitions, etc.) with their numbers,
revisions, date of scheduled and actual issue this shall be used for recording and
reporting progress.

14.1.3

Fully detailed construction drawings shall be prepared so that the site installation
personnel can install and commission all the electrical equipment with no
additional design effort in the field. Vendor information and other detail shall be
updated to as-built status as soon as it becomes available.

14.1.4

Graphic symbols for electrical diagrams shall be according to IEC 60617. Device
code numbers shall be as per IEEE C 37.2.

14.1.5

The drawings and documents to be prepared by Contractor shall be indicated in the


project scope of work. Based on the stage of the project, the minimum documents
and drawings to be submitted by the Contractor at the various VAP stages shall be
as described in ADMA-OPCO Guideline GDL-009.

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14.2

Requirements for Drawing and Documentation


The following are the minimum requirements for each drawing/document;

14.2.1

Key Single Line Diagram


a.

The key single line diagram shall show the complete AC electrical generation
and distribution system including sources of power, HV and main LV feeds,
sub-distribution boards etc...

b. System capacities, equipment ratings and impedances, winding configuration


and earthing arrangements.
14.2.2

Single Line Diagram for the Switchgear


The single line diagrams shall be prepared for each switchboard detailing the main
circuitry and earthing system. It shall indicate the instrument transformers, relays,
meters, etc., for control, protection and operation of the equipment together with
electrical data such as voltage, current and impedances. Typical outgoing circuits
shall be shown with their protection and metering schemes and a table shall be
included to list various outgoing feeders, their tag numbers, ratings, cable sizes,
cable numbers, etc.

14.2.3

Single Line Diagrams for AC and DC UPS Systems


The single line diagram shall detail for each system the system configuration,
metering, earthing, ratings, nominal voltages, maximum load, number and type of
battery cells, battery autonomy time, outgoing feeders, their ratings, cable sizes,
etc.

14.2.4

Layout Drawings
a.

Substation/switch room layout shall indicate physical location and civil


provisions made for installing all transformers, switchgear, lighting, earthing
and auxiliary equipment. Space requirements for future switchgear, correct
location and dimensions of transits in the substation floor for existing and
future switchgear, cable runs and support systems etc. shall also be shown.

b. Power, lighting, earthing, substation, and trench layout drawings shall identify
major process and electrical equipment by their item numbers and cables by
their cable numbers.
c.

The power layouts shall show all power cabling, identified by cable numbers,
lighting supply cables up to the main junction boxes, and the power and
convenience outlet distribution board feeder cables.

d. Lighting and small power layouts shall show all luminaries (normal and
emergency), power and convenience outlets, distribution boards, junction
boxes and cable routing, downstream of the main junction boxes.
0

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e.

Luminaries, etc. shall be identified by a support detail reference, circuit


reference, fitting/outlet reference. If required for clarity, separate or additional
layouts should be prepared for the higher levels (above grade).

f.

Earthing layouts shall show the main earthing grid, branch connections, earth
electrodes, earth bars and conductor sizes for both the electrical earthing
system and the instrument clean earth system.

g.

The cable trench layout shall show the physical location of all underground
cable trenches, underground pipes and ducts.

h. Cross-sectional arrangement drawings shall be provided for all cable trenches,


ducts and aboveground cable routes showing the location and number of each
cable along the routes.
14.2.5

Installation Drawings
These drawings shall show construction and mounting details of the power
equipment, lighting, cables, earthing installations, etc...

14.2.6

Cable Schedules
Cable schedules shall incorporate cable number, voltage grade, cross section,
routing, originating and terminating points and estimated length with resistance,
reactance and impedance of each cable length, cable gland requirements etc.

14.2.7

Protective Relay Coordination Drawings


These shall show protection key diagram relay setting schedules and relay
discrimination curves.

14.2.8 Vendor Drawings


Vendor drawings shall be provided to show as a minimum all the information
specified in the relevant equipment specifications and requisitions.

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PAGE
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APPENDIX-A1: ILLUMINATION LEVELS


Unless specified otherwise, the lighting system shall be designed to achieve the following
illumination levels in various areas:
AREA

ILLUMINATION
LEVEL (LUN)

ELEVATION
(mm)

I.

PROCESS AREA

A.

GENERAL PROCESS UNITS


Pump rows, valves, manifolds
Heat Exchangers
Maintenance Platforms
Operation Platforms
Cooling Towers (Equipment areas)
Ladders and Stairs (Inactive)
Ladders and Stairs (Active)
Gauge Glasses
Instruments (On Process Units
Compressor Houses
Separators
General Area

50
30
30
50
50
10
50
50
50
300
50
10

Ground
Ground
Floor
Floor
Ground
Floor
Floor
Eye Level
Eye Level
Floor
Top of Bay
Ground

CONTROL ROOMS AND HOUSES


Ordinary Control House
Instrument Panel
Console
Back of Panel
Central Control House
Instrument Panel
Console
Back of Panel

400
400
500
100
500
500
500
100

Floor
1700
800
800
Floor
1700
800
900

SPECIALITY PROCESS UNITS


Electrolyte Cell Room
Conveyors
Conveyor Transfer Points
Kilns (Operating Area)
Extruders and Mixers

50
20
50
50
200

Floor
Surface
Surface
Floor
Floor

B.

C.

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APPENDIX-A1: ILLUMINATION LEVELS (CONTD)


ILLUMINATION
LEVEL (LUN)

AREA

ELEVATION
(mm)

II.

NON-PROCESS AREAS

A.

LOADING, UNLOADING AND COOLING WATER PUMP HOUSES


Pump Area
50
Ground
General Control Area
150
Floor
Control panel
200
1100

B.

BOILER AND AIR COMPRESSOR PLANTS


Indoor Equipment
200

C.

D.

TANK FIELDS (WHERE LIGHTING IS REQUIRED)


Ladders and Stairs
20
Gauging Area
10
Manifold Area
10
LOADING RACKS
General Area
Tank Car
Tank Trucks, Loading Point

50
100
100

Floor

Floor
Ground
Floor
Floor
Point
Point

E.

TANK DOCK FACILITIES


Refer to local regulations for required navigational and obstruction lighting and
marking

F.

ELECTRICAL SUBSTATIONS
General substation (outdoor)
Substation Operating Aisles
General substation (indoor)
Switch Racks

20
150
150
50

Ground
Floor
Floor
1200

G.

PLANT ROAD LIGHTING (WHERE LIGHTING IS REQUIRED)


Frequent Use (Trucking)
4
Ground
Infrequent Use
2
Ground

H.

PLANT PARKING LOTS

I.

AIRCRAFT OBSTRUCTION LIGHTING


Refer to local regulations for required navigational and obstruction lighting and
marking, in principle they shall apply with CAP 437 and ICAO regulations

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APPENDIX-A1: ILLUMINATION LEVELS (CONTD)


ILLUMINATION
LEVEL (LUN)

ELEVATION
(mm)

OFFICES
Prolonged Difficult Task
(Drafting & Designing)
Difficult Task (Accounting, Business Machines)
Normal Office (Reading, Files, Mail Room)
Reception Areas, Stairways, Wash Rooms
Hallways
Equipment & Service Rooms

1000
750
500
200
200
150

800
800
800
800
Floor
Floor

LABORATORIES
Qualitative, Quantitative & Physical Test Areas
General
Stock Rooms, Corridors

500
300
150

900
Floor
Floor

WAREHOUSE AND STOCK ROOMS


Indoor Bulk Storage
Outdoor Bulk Storage
Large Bin Storage
Small Bin Storage
Small Parts Storage
Counter Tops

50
5
50
100
200
300

Floor
Ground
760
760
760
1200

REPAIR SHOP
Large Fabrication
Bench and Machine Work
Crane way, Aisles
Small Machine
Electrical
Instrument

300
500
150
300
300
500

Floor
760
Floor
760
760
760

CHANGE HOUSE
Locker Room, Shower
Laboratory

100
100

Floor
Floor

CLOCK HOUSE AND ENTRANCE GATEHOUSE


Entrance Gate, Inspection
General

200
100

Floor
Floor

CAFETERIA
Eating, Food Preparation
General Halls, etc.

300
100

760
Floor

GARAGE AND FIREHOUSE


Storage and Minor Repairs

100

Floor

I.

FIRST AID ROOM

700

760

J.

PLANT PERIMETER FENCE LIGHTING

Ground

AREA
III. BUILDINGS
A.

B.

C.

D.

E.

F.

G.

H.

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APPENDIX-A2: TYPICAL SCHEMES


Fig. 1 Typical Onshore Key One Line

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Fig. 2 Typical Offshore Key One Line Diagram

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Fig. 3 Feeder Output

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Fig. 4 Turbine Generator

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Fig. 5 Diesel Generator

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Fig. 6 Transformer (Dry and Oil Filled)

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Fig. 7 Motor

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APPENDIX-A3: ELECTRICAL LOAD SCHEDULE (FORMAT)

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APPENDIX-B: ABBREVIATIONS
Abbreviation

Description

AC

Alternating current

ADMA-OPCO

Abu Dhabi Marine Operating Company

ADWEA

Abu Dhabi Water & Electrical Authority

ATEX

Atmosphere Explosible French Explosive Atmosphere

DC

Direct Current

DCS

Distributed Control System

ESD

Emergency Shutdown System

EWS

Engineering Work Station

FFS

Fit for Services

FM

Factory Mutual

HV

High Voltage

HVAC

Heating, Ventilation, and Air-Conditioning

ICMS

Integrated Control and Monitoring System

IRP

Interposing Relay Panel

LV

Low Voltage

MCB

Miniature Circuit Breaker

MCC

Motor Control Centres

MCT

Multi Cable Transit

MMS

Motor Management System

MOV

Motor Operated Valve

MSDS

PLC

Manufacturer Safety Data Sheet


Oil Natural (thermo siphon flow through cooling equipment and in
windings), Air Natural convection
Programmable Logic Controller

PMS

Power Management System

PVC

Polyvinyl chloride

QA

Quality Assurance

QAS

Quality Assurance System

QC

Quality Control

ONAN

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APPENDIX-B: ABBREVIATIONS CONTD


Abbreviation

Description

QMS

Quality Management System

RCD

Residual Current Device

SOLAS

Safety of lives at Sea

THD

Total Harmonic Voltage Distortion

TPA

Third Party Agency

UL

Underwriters Laboratories

UPS

Uninterruptible Power Supply

VDU

Video Display Unit

VFD

Variable Frequency Driver

ICAO

International Civil Aviation Organization

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APPENDIX-C: DEFINITIONS
C.1 General Definition
Term

Definition

ADMA-OPCO

Abu Dhabi Marine Operating Company.

Contractor

The Contractor referred in this document is the Engineering Procurement


and Construction (EPC) Contractor or the Installation Contractor who shall
be responsible for carrying out all works in accordance with this Standard
and other requirements as per Contract.

Quality Assurance

All those planned and systematic actions (QA) necessary to ensure quality
i.e. to provide adequate confidence that a product or service will be fit for
its intended purpose.

Quality Manual

A Document setting out the general quality policies, procedures and


practices of an organization.

Quality Plan

A document prepared by the Contractor/Vendor setting out the specific


quality practices, resources and activities relevant to a particular project.

Quality
Management
System

The structure organization, responsibilities, activities, resources and events


that together provide organized procedures and methods of implementation
to ensure the capability of the organization to meet quality requirements.

TPA

Is the Company contracted to undertake the Third Party Inspection &


Verification Tasks (TPA) on behalf of ADMA-OPCO.

VENDOR

The named VENDOR in the ADMA-OPCO Purchase Order. The term


VENDOR as used in this Standard includes all manufacturers and subsuppliers of equipment covered by this Standard.

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APPENDIX-C: DEFINITIONS CONTD


C.2 Specific Definitions
Term

Definition

Certificate

Document issued by a recognized authority certifying that it has


examined a certain type of apparatus and, if necessary, has tested it and
concluded that the apparatus complies with the relevant standard for
such apparatus.

Certificate of
conformity

Certificate stating that the electrical apparatus complies with the


relevant standards for apparatus for potentially explosive atmospheres.

Declaration of
compliance

Document issued by the VENDOR declaring that the electrical


apparatus complies with the requirements of IEC 60079-15.

Electrical installation

Civil engineering works, buildings, machines, apparatus, lines and


associated equipment used for the generation, conversion,
transformation, transmission, distribution and utilization of electricity.

Electrical power
system

All installations and plant provided for the purpose of generating,


transmitting and distributing electricity.

Electromagnetic
Compatibility (EMC)

The ability of a device, equipment or system to function satisfactorily


in its electromagnetic environment without introducing intolerable
electromagnetic disturbances to anything in that environment.

Emergency Lighting

Lighting provided for use when the supply to the normal lighting fails.

Escape Lighting

That part of the emergency lighting which is provided to ensure that


the escape route is illuminated at all material times.

Essential service

A service which, if it fails in operation or when called upon, will affect


the continuity, quality or quantity of the product.

Firm capacity

The installed capacity less the stand-by capacity.

Frequency deviation

The difference between the system frequency at a given instant and the
nominal value.

Hazardous area

An area in which an explosive gas atmosphere is or may be expected to


be present in quantities such as to require special precautions for the
construction, installation and use of electrical apparatus.

High voltage (HV)

The set of voltage levels in excess of low voltage.

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APPENDIX-C: DEFINITIONS CONTD


Term

Definition

Installed capacity

The sum of the rated powers of equipment of the same kind


(generators, transformers, converters, etc.) in an electrical installation.

Interruptible,
maintained electricity
supply

A source of electrical power which is backed up by a second


(emergency) source of power, such as to provide a supply of electricity
that may be interrupted for no more than 15 s.

Low voltage (LV)

A set of voltage levels used for the distribution of electricity and


whose upper limit is 1000V AC.

Nominal value

A suitable approximate quantity value used to designate or identify a


component, device or equipment.

Non-essential service

A service that is neither vital nor essential.

Non-hazardous area

An area in which an explosive gas atmosphere is not expected to be


present in quantities such as to require special precautions for the
construction, installation and use of electrical apparatus.

Non-toxic

A substance may be regarded as non-toxic if it causes no harm to the


environment nor to a person exposed to it or ingesting it, except only if
exposed to it or ingesting it in an overwhelming dose or under unusual
conditions.

Point of common
coupling (PCC)

The point of coupling at the public utility networks, to which the


system under consideration is, or is to be, connected. Other systems
(consumers) may also be connected to or near this point.

Rated value

A quantity value assigned, generally by the VENDOR, for a specific


operating condition of a component, device or equipment.

Site conditions

The external factors, e.g., altitude, air temperature, wind velocity,


vibrations, earthquakes, black body temperature, relative humidity,
etc., which may influence the operation of a machine or apparatus.

Spare capacity

The difference between firm capacity and the maximum calculated


(peak) load.

Stand-by capacity

The capacity provided for the purpose of replacing that which may be
withdrawn from service under planned or unplanned circumstances.

Test report

Document prepared by the VENDOR indicating in detail the tests and


verifications to which the electrical apparatus has been subjected, and
their results.

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APPENDIX-C: DEFINITIONS CONTD


Term

Definition

Uninterruptible,
maintained electricity
supply

A source of electrical power which is backed up by a second


(emergency) source of power, such as to provide a supply of electricity
that may be interrupted for no longer than 0.5 ms.

Vital service

A service which, it if fails in operation or when called upon, can cause


an unsafe condition of the process and/or electrical installation,
jeopardise life, or cause major damage to the installation.

Voltage deviation

The difference, generally expressed as a percentage, between the


voltage at a given instant at a point in the system, and a reference
voltage such as nominal voltage, a mean value of operating voltage, or
declared supply voltage.

Voltage dip

A sudden reduction of the voltage at a point in the system, followed by


voltage recovery after a short period of time, from a few cycles to a
few seconds.

Voltage surge

A transient voltage wave propagating along a line or a circuit and


characterized by a rapid increase followed by a slower decrease of the
voltage.

Variable speed drive


system (VSDS)

A line-fed AC to AC conversion system consisting of all facilities


required to operate its electric motor at variable speeds.

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APPENDIX-D: REFERENCED DOCUMENTS


Unless otherwise specified, the latest edition of the Standard Engineering Documents listed below
shall to the extent specified herein, represent part of this document.
Designation

Title
ADMA-OPCO

CP-102

Third Party Inspection and Certification Requirement for New Equipment


and Materials in Manufacture.

GDL-006

Pre-Commissioning, Commissioning & Handover of Projects

GDL-009

Project Deliverables

SL-001

Status List for ADMA-OPCO Standards Engineering Documents

SP-1009

Requirements for Contractors Quality Systems on Major Projects

SP-1030

Design Criteria for Fixed Offshore Steel Structures

SP-1048

Subsea Pipeline Crossing

SP-1056

Offshore Trenching and Backfilling

SP-1083

Electrical Installation Work

SP-1134

Fire & Gas Detection System for Offshore

STD-107

GRP Cable Trays and Ladders for Onshore and Offshore Facilities

STD-140

Low Voltage Electrical Cables

STD-141

Standard Specification for High Voltage Electrical Cables

STD-143

Low Voltage Switchgear and Control gear

STD-144

High Voltage Switchgear and Control gear

STD-146

DC UPS

STD-148

Low Voltage Motors

STD-149

High Voltage Induction Motors

STD-154

Reactors

STD-155

Transformers

STD-156

AC UPS
American Petroleum Institute (API)
Electrical Installations in Petroleum Processing Plants

RP 540

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APPENDIX-D: REFERENCED DOCUMENTS CONTD


Designation

Title
ATEX
Directive 94/9/EC on the approximation of the laws of the member states
concerning equipment and protective systems intended for use in potentially
explosive atmospheres.

ATEX Directive

British Petroleum (BP)


GP-12-25

Guidance on Practice for Earthing & Grounding.

GP-12-85

Guidance on Practice for Emergency Generators


British Standards (BS)
Protection against lightning.

BS EN 62305

International Electro-technical Commission (IEC)


IEC 60079
IEC 60083
IEC 60364
IEC 60598
IEC 60617
SNAPSHOT

IEC 60831

IEC 60871

IEC 60909

01-08

Rev.

Date

Electrical Apparatus for explosive gas atmospheres


Plugs and socket-outlets for domestic and similar general use standardized in
member countries of IEC
Electrical Installations of Buildings
Luminaires - Part 1: General requirements and tests
Graphical Symbols for Diagrams Part 1: General Information
Shunt Power Capacitors of the Self-Healing Type for AC Systems Having a
Rated Voltage up to and Including 1 000 V
Part 1: General - Performance, Testing and Rating - Safety Requirements Guide for Installation and Operation
Part 2: Ageing test, self-healing test and destruction test.
Shunt capacitors for AC power systems having a rated voltage above 1 000 V
Part 1: General
Part 2: Endurance Testing
Part 3: Protection of shunt capacitors and shunt capacitor banks
Part 4: Internal Fuses
Short-Circuit Currents in Three-Phase AC Systems
Part 0: Calculation of Currents
Part 1: Factors for the Calculation of Short-Circuit Currents
Part 2: Electrical equipment - Data for short-circuit current calculations
Part 3: Currents during two separate simultaneous line-to-earth short-circuits
and partial short-circuit currents flowing through earth
Part 4: Examples for the Calculation of Short-Circuit Currents

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APPENDIX-D: REFERENCED DOCUMENTS CONTD


Designation

Title
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers ( IEEE )
Standard Electrical Power System Device Function Numbers and Contact
Designations

IEEE C37.2

International Maritime Organisation (IMO)


Safety of lives at sea

SOLAS

Institute of Petroleum (IP)


IP P15

Area Classification code for petroleum installations

ISGOTT

International safety guide for oil tankers and terminals


International Organization For Standardization (ISO)

ISO 1000
ISO 7779
ISO 9001

01-08

Rev.

Date

SI Units and Recommendations for the Use of Their Multiples and of Certain
Other Units
Acoustics - Measurement Of Airborne Noise emitted by information
technology and telecommunication equipment
Quality Management Systems - Requirements.

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