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Oil & Gas Product Portfolio

Patricio Jaime

Patricio.Jaime@fei.com

FEI’s Multi-Scale Analysis Solutions

Drill core Drill cuttings cm Meso Surface view mm Section & view Micro μm nm Nano
Drill core
Drill cuttings
cm
Meso
Surface view
mm
Section & view
Micro
μm
nm
Nano
Slice & view
3D

Human Eye

Optical microscopy

Scanning Electron Microscopy

Automated SEM-EDS

Focused Ion Beam SEM

DualBeam™

FEI covers Centimeter-scale down to Nano-scale

Naked Human Eye Optical Microscopy Micro-CT Scanning Electron Microscopy SEM and FIB Combination 1 cm 1
Naked Human Eye
Optical Microscopy
Micro-CT
Scanning Electron Microscopy
SEM and FIB Combination
1 cm
1 mm
100 um
10 um
1 um
100 nm
10 nm

FEI’s Core-To-Pore Workflow

QEMSCAN 2-D Quantitative petrography MAPS Multiscale imaging Heliscan MicroCT Core Pore Helios NanoLab cm nm 3-D
QEMSCAN
2-D Quantitative petrography
MAPS
Multiscale imaging
Heliscan
MicroCT
Core
Pore
Helios NanoLab
cm
nm
3-D volume reconstruction
2-D
3-D
4
04-Sep-14

SEM imaging

Scanning electron microscopy (SEM)

imaging at multiple scales using MAPS

(Modular Automated Processing System) to allow characterisation of sub-micron

scale features

SEM imaging • Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) imaging at multiple scales using MAPS (Modular Automated Processing
SEM imaging • Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) imaging at multiple scales using MAPS (Modular Automated Processing

QEMSCAN mineral mapping

Automated SEM-EDS mineral analysis to

identify and quantify minerals and

understand textural relationships.

QEMSCAN mineral mapping • Automated SEM-EDS mineral analysis to identify and quantify minerals and understand textural
QEMSCAN mineral mapping • Automated SEM-EDS mineral analysis to identify and quantify minerals and understand textural

Mineral Name

Area%

  • Quartz

42.8

 
  • K Feldspar

7.2

  • Plagioclase

0.0

  • Illite/Muscovite

3.5

  • Biotite

0.0

  • Kaolinite

15.0

  • Chlorite

0.7

  • Calcite

22.4

  • Siderite

1.5

  • Dolomite

0.0

  • Ankerite

0.9

  • Zircon

0.0

  • Rutile

0.1

  • Apatite

0.1

  • Pyrite

0.0

  • Unclassified+traces

5.7

3D micro-CT imaging at multiple scales

3D micro-CT imaging at multiple scales Old Cores Sidewall Cores Damaged cores Drill cuttings Unconsolidated sands
Old Cores Sidewall Cores Damaged cores Drill cuttings Unconsolidated sands
Old Cores Sidewall Cores Damaged cores Drill cuttings Unconsolidated sands

Old Cores

Sidewall Cores

Damaged cores

Drill cuttings

Unconsolidated sands

3D micro-CT imaging at multiple scales Old Cores Sidewall Cores Damaged cores Drill cuttings Unconsolidated sands

High resolution 3D

micro-CT imaging of core material

3D micro-CT imaging at multiple scales Old Cores Sidewall Cores Damaged cores Drill cuttings Unconsolidated sands

3D image data with grey-scale controlled by X-ray density

3D micro-CT imaging at multiple scales Old Cores Sidewall Cores Damaged cores Drill cuttings Unconsolidated sands

Carbonate

Clastic

3D micro-CT imaging at multiple scales

Higher geometric and signal fidelity > 10 times faster than conventional CT Larger length scales at highest resolution

Heliscan

Under the same

conditions a conventional micro-CT could only scan this much material at same

resolution.

3D micro-CT imaging at multiple scales • Higher geometric and signal fidelity • > 10 times

40 Gbyte scan of carbonate core (5mm diameter, 20mm long, 3.5 micron resolution)

Image registration

2D-3D: a high resolution 2D SEM image is registered on a 3D micro-CT scan to map fine features and improve the quality of 3D. 2D-3D: a QEMSCAN mineral map is registered on a 3D micro-CT scan to allow 3D mineral identification 3D-3D: enables accurate combination of 3D images for derivation of difference maps and mapping of micro-porosity, multiple fluid phases, dynamic effects etc. (dry and wet imaging)

Image registration • 2D-3D: a high resolution 2D SEM image is registered on a 3D micro-CT
Image registration • 2D-3D: a high resolution 2D SEM image is registered on a 3D micro-CT

2D SEM picture registered on 3D plug scan

Animation of 2D to 3D registration and computation of pore space and pore network

Image processing

Avizo Fire:

Data import of images from:

whole core CT, micro-CT, PET, MRI, Dual-Beam (FIBSEM), SEM, and optical microscopy;

Image segmentation;

3D data exploration and manipulation;

Easy generation of 3D movies;

Statistical and geometrical analysis of 3D features;

Matlab® bridge;

3D registration for multiple imaging;

Avizo XLab:

Direct 3D image-based simulation of:

absolute permeability, molecular diffusivity, electrical resistivity, and thermal conductivity computation

DualBeam FIBSEM imaging

Automated sequential sample Focused Ion Beam (FIB) milling

and SEM (Scanning Electron Microscope) imaging creates a

series of high resolution 2D images; After 3D volume reconstructions, Avizo Fire software can be

used to visualize and quantify textures such pore networks at

the micron to nano-scale.

DualBeam FIBSEM imaging • Automated sequential sample Focused Ion Beam (FIB) milling and SEM (Scanning Electron

Thank You!

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