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# Page 15of 20

ANNEXURE 1.0
CALCULATION OF WIND EFFECTS (Ref. IS 875 Part 3 : 1987)

Vb

## 2.0 Design wind speed

Vz

Vb x K1 x K2 x K3

K1

Risk co-efficient

K2

=
=

## Terrain roughness coefficient which is

1.038
For 13.8 m height

44

m/sec

Where

Where,

1.07

K3

Vz

48.86904

m/sec

47.08

m/sec

0.6 Vz2

1432.91

N/m2

1329.92

N/m2

Fwt

Pz x cf x Ae

Pz

cf

Ae

## Total net surface area of all the members projected normal

Pz

Topography factor

1.0

## (Cl. 9.1 of Ref IS)

to the face in m2
Ae will be calculated during detail design of individual structure.

## 5.0 Wind load on each conductor

Fwc

Pz x cf x L x D

Wind span i.e. the sum of half the spans on either side in mtrs.

Where,

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Therefore,

and

## 6.0 Wind load on ground wire

Cf

Force coefficient

1.2

Dia. of conductor

0.02862

Fwc

49.21

N/m

5.02

Kg/m

45.67

N/m

4.66

Kg/m

## For 7.5 m. height

Fwg

Pz x cf x L x D

Wind span i.e. the sum of half the spans on either side in mtrs.

Cf

Force coefficient

1.2

0.01098

Fwg

18.88

1.93

Kg

Fwc

Where

Therefore,

## 7.0 Wind load on insulator string

Fwi

Cf x Pz x A1

Cf

Force coefficient

Pz

A1

Where

A1

Fwi

1.2

1.45

0.185

m2

318.11

32.44

Kg

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Fwi

Where,

Therefore,

295.24

30.11

Kg

## For 7.5 m. height

FWH

Cfx Pz x Area

Cf

Force coefficient

Pz

Area

FWH

FWH

1.2

0.025875

m2

44.49

4.54

Kg

41.29

4.21

Kg

## For 7.5 m. height

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ANNEXURE 1.0
CALCULATION OF WIND EFFECTS (Ref. IS 802 Part 1/ Sec 1 : 1995)

Vb

44

## 2. Reference wind speed

Vr

Vb
Ko

Ko

m/sec

Where,

\
3. Design wind speed

## Factor for conversion of 3 sec. speed into an average speed

of wind during 10 min. period

1.375

Vr

32

Vd

V R x K1 x K2

K1

Risk co-efficient

m/sec

Where
=

1.08

K2

## Terrain roughness coefficient which is

1.00 for terrain category 2.

Therefore
4. Design wind pressure

## 5. Wind load on structure

Vd

34.56

Pd

0.6 Vd2

716.64

m/sec

N/m2

Fwt

Pd x cdt x Ae x GT

Pd

cdt

Ae

## (Cl. 9.1 of Ref IS)

Where,

716.64

N/m2

to the face in m2
Ae will be calculated during detail design of individual structure.
GT

## Gust response factor as per Table 6 of ref. IS and

corresponding to height above ground & terrain category 2

Page 5 of 12

Fwc

## Pd x cdc x L x dia of conductor (d) x Gc

Wind span i.e. the sum of half the spans on either side in mtrs.

Cdc

Gc

Where,

## 25 m height, 1.91 for 12.8 m height, 1.83 for 7.5 m height of

conductor support and terrain category 2
and

Therefore

Fwc

Fwc

39.17

N/m

3.99

Kg/m

## 716.64 x 1 x 1 x 0.02862 x 1.83

37.53

N/m

For 15 m. height

3.83

Kg/m

For 15 m. height

Fwi

Cdi x Pd x A1 x G1

Cdi

Pd

A1

Where

716.64

N/m2

A1

=
G1

0.185

1.45

m2

1/ Sec 1 : 1995)

G1

1.99

1.92

Page 6 of 12

Fwi

Where,

316.6

32.28

Kg

305.46

31.15

Kg

## For 7.5 m. height

FWH

Cdi x Pd x Area x GH

GH

1.91

GH

1.83

Area

Cdi

0.025875

1.2

m2

For 400 kV

FWH

42.5

4.33

Kg

## 1.2 x 716.64x 0.025875 x 1.83

For 15 m. height

40.72

For 15 m. height

4.15

Kg

For 15 m. height

ANNEXURE 1.0
TEMPERATURE RISE IN STRUNG BUS BAR
A. 400kV Jack Bus
I

Data

1. Type of conductor

## 2. Cross sectional area

604

mm2

3. Overall diameter

31.95

mm

455

## 4. Number of conductors per phase

5. Full load continuous current per
two 315 MVA 400/220 KV transformers

o
6. AC resistance at 20 C

0.0568 W/Km.
[Ref IS 398 (Part 4) : 1994 Table 2]

## 7. Constant mass temp. coefficient of

resistance of Al. Alloy conductor

o
0.0036 / C
[Cl. 4.4 IS 398 (Part 4) : 1994]

r20

at 20oC

0.0328

Amps.

W/mm2 / m

50

SABS

0.6

0.3

II. Calculations

m/sec

(Assumed)

0.965x10-1 w/cm2

## (Ref. : Electrical Transmission & Distribution Reference Book By

Westinghouse Electric Corporation)

## Under thermal equilibrium conditions

ERAD + I2R = Wc + Wr . 1.0
Where

Page 7 of 12

conductor

=
R

Where

Therefore

58.12

temperature

## Resistivity at final temp x unit length

A

1 x r20 [1 + a (t + d t - 20)]
604

dt

Temperature rise

\R

604

## 4552 [6.02 x 10-5 + 0.02 d t x 10-5]

12.463 + 0.041 d t

## 0.0128 pv dt x 155.587 watts per meter

I 2R

Wc

Ohms

Watts

Ta0.123D
Where

Pressure in atmosphere = 1

Wc

Ta

(273+t) + dt
2

31.95 = 1.258
25.4

Page 8 of 12

## Normal velocity of air in feet / sec = V x 3.281

5 x 3.281
= 16.405 feet / sec
= 0.0128 16.405 x dt x 155.587

\ Wc

2

= 7.192 dt
(323 + dt) 0.123
2

## The watts lost due to radiation

4
4
= 36.8 E (273+t+dt) - (t+273) x 155.587 watts per meter
1000
1000

Wr

4
4
= 36.8 x0.3 x 155.587 (323+dt) - (323)
1000
1000
-12
4
10
= 1717.68 x 10 { (323 + dt) - 1.088 x 10 } W

## From equation 1.0

58.12 + 12.463 + 0.041 dt

## 7.192 dt + 1717.68x10-12(323+dt)4 - 18.69

(323 + dt)0.123
2

o
= 19 C

\ dt
B) 220kV Main Bus
I

Data :
Same as for 400kV except I = 900A

II Calculations
I2 R =
=

58.12W
9002 {6.02 x 10-5 + 0.02 dt x 10-5}
48.762 + 0.162 dt

Page 9 of 12

7.192 dt

Wc =

(323 + dt)0.123
2

Wr

## From equaton 1.0

58.12 + 48.762 + 0.162 dt

(323 + dt)0.123
2

\ dt

29.8oC

Page 10 of 12

ANNEXURE 3.0
1.0

## Based on maximum tension of 1400 kgf / subconductor, proposed

to be adopted in 400kVyard and 1000 kgf / subconductor in 220kV
yard,sag tension calculations have been carriedout. The salient
results of calculations required for decidingadequacy of conductor
spacings, are as follows :
Voltage level

Temp

% of wind

Sag

Deflection Swing

( C)

(m )

(m )

(m )

400kV
(72 m span)

70
70

Nil
100%

2.52
--

-3.31

-2.15

220kV
(53.5 m span)

80
80

nil
100%

2.061
--

-2.57

-1.53

2.0

400kV yard

2.1

Vertical Clearance

Required clearance between main bus bar and jack bus bar
=

2.52 + 4

6.52

m.

## Clearance provided = 7.5 m

2.2

Horizontal Clearance
Required clearance between center line of two phase
=

## Max. swing + minimum phase to phase clearance +

subconductor spacing

6.6

m.

## Clearance provided = 7.0 m

3.0

220kV yard

3.1

Vertical clearance
Required clearance between main bus bar and jack bus bar. As well
as Main busbar and equipment bus bars
=

2.061 + 2.4

4.461 m

## Clearance provided = 4.5 m

3.2 Horizontal Clearance
Required clearance
=
Maximum swing + phase to phase clearance + sub conductor
spacing
=

4.18 m