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Conventional Wood Construction Requirements

Notes: Minimum Specs For Structures.


1. Min 2 nominal thickness of ridge board, not less in depth than the end of the roof rafter.
2. thick plywood roof sheathing, CDX, panel index #24/0, with 8d @ 6,6,12 o/c (common nail).
3. 2x solid blocking and shear transfer-2x shear block with Simpson (or equal) H2.5 framing anchor at
2-2x4 top plates to truss/rafter.
4. 2 x 4 strut, maximum 8 feet unbraced length and purline (same size as roof rather).
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5. Roof rafters sized properly for all loads.


6. Min. 2 x 6 roof rafter tie @ 48 o/c with 5-16d face nail at each end where ceiling joists
perpendicular to rafters.
7. Ceiling joists sized properly for all loads & rafter tie with 3-16d face nail at each end.
8. Notches and holes in studs- see diagrams (below) for detail.
9. 2x sole plate with 16d @ 16 o/c.
10. 24 min. overlap floor joists with 3-16d face nail.
11. 5/8 thick plywood sheathing, T & G, panel index no. 32/16 with 10d @ 6,12 o/c (common nail).
12. Floor joists (min 18 clearance above grade) sized properly for all loads.
13. 3-1/2 thick concrete slab with wire welded mesh, #6 x 6- 10 x 10 gage or #3 rebar at 24 o/c over 2
sand and 6 mil. visqueen with 2 sand at base (optional)
14. 2x sill plate (pressure treated) and 5/8 x 10 anchor bolt embedded min. 7 in footing and spacing @
max. 6 o/c starting within 12" of sill end. (Provide 2"x2"x3/16" steel plate washer on each bolt).
15. 2 x 4 crippled @ 16 o/c and wall bracing- 3/8 thick plywood sheathing with 8d @ 6, 12 o/c
(common nail).
16. Notches and holes in floor joist- see diagrams (below) for details.
17. Conventional foundation with #4 rebars at top and bottom of footing see foundation table (below).
18. Thickness of footing- see foundation table (below).
19. #4 vertical and horizontal rebars @ max. 24 o/c in foundation wall if the height of foundation wall
exceeds 24 in height (max 48" or engineered design required) above the finished grade.
20. Concrete pier-min. 12 into undisturbed natural grade (exterior locations) 6" (interior locations) and
6 above grade to top of pier (unless other design approved).
21. 4 x 4 post with 1 x 4 bracing on both sides of post.
22. Depth of footing below undisturbed ground surface- see foundation table (below).
23. Width of footing- see foundation table (below).
TABLE 23-I-Q-NAILING SCHEDULE CONNECTION NAILING
1. Joist to sill or grinder, toe nail
2. Bridgeing to joist, toenail each end
3. 1x6 subfloor or less to each joist, face nail
4. wider than 1x6 subfloor to each joist, face nail
5. 2 subfloor to joist or girder, blind and face nail

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3-8d
2-8d
2-8d
2-8d
2-16d

6a. Sole plate to joist or blocking, typical face nail

16d @ 16"oc

6b. Sole plate to joist or blocking, at braced wall panel


7. Top plate to stud, end nail
8. Stud to sole plate (4-8d, toe nail)
9. Double studs, face nail
10a. Double top plates, typical face nail

3-16d @ 16"oc
2-16d
2-16d end nail
16d @ 24"oc
16d @ 16"oc

10b. Double top plates, lap splice


11. Blocking between joists or rafters to top plates, toe
nail
12. Rim joist to top plate, toe nail
13. Top plates, laps and intersection, face nail
14. Continuous header, two pieces
15. Ceiling joists to plate, toenail
16. Continuous header to stud, toenail
17. Ceiling joist, laps over patitios face nail
18. Ceiling joists to parallel rafters, face nail
19. Rafter to plate, toenail
20. 1brace to each stud and plate, face nail
21. 1x8 sheathing or less to each bearing, face nail
22. Wider than 1x8 sheathing to each bearing, face nail
23. Build-up corner studs
24. Build up girder and beams 20d at 32 o/c at top and
Bottom and staggered 2-20d At ends and at each splice
25. 2 planks (at each bearing)
26. Panel sliding (to framing): or less 6d,
27. Interior paneling 4d

8-16d
3-8d
8d @ 6"oc
2-16d
16d @16"oc
3-8d
4-8d
3-16d
3-16d
3-8d
2-8d
2-8d
3-8d
16d @24"oc

2-16d
5/8 8d
3/8 6d4

FOUNDATIONS FOR STUD BEARING WALLS


Number of
Thickness of
Width of
Thickness of
Depth Ofv
Floors
Foundation
Footing
Footing
Footing
Supported by
wall
the
Foundation
1
6"
12"
6"
12"
2
8"
15"
7"
18"
3
10"
18"
8"
24"
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Allowable spans floor girders Residential


Girder Size
Girder Spacing
DF #2 Grade
4X6
6'
6'
4X6
8'
5'
4X8
6'
8'
4X8
8'
6'
Cutting, Notching, Boring

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8/2000
CALAVERAS COUNTY BLDG DEPT.

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