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Good night everybody .

my name is Xavier Pea and these are my partners Claudio and


Jersson. Today we are performing a presentation about sampling.
But, lets start by getting to know the meaning of sampling, speaking chemistrily.
When we talk about sampling, we mean taking a tiny part of a product we are dealing with.
This simple should be representative, in other words it must have the same properties and
cualities as the whole product. This simple also has to be homogeneus, it got to be the same in
every part of it. Without these conditions, the sampling will not be successfull.
Now that we had this introduction, lets focus in some objectives we need to accomplish to
make the sampling successfully.
-First , we have to know the definition of the several kinds of samples according to their types.
- Second of all, we should choose the most accpetable sampling method for an specific
product.
- Then we have to learn the process of the method an apply it in order to disolve the matter.
- And finally ,we got to be carefulat choosing the rfht solvents for organic and inorganic
compunds.
As we mention before, the sampling methos depends on the type of samples.
Lets talk about the sampling of a solid . if it is homogeneus, we just have to take enough
simple to perform the determinationand keep another part in order to check in case we have
any doub twith the results we had.
We should take more samples depending on the size of the original product using the quarter
method , in other words dividing the simple and getting ready to be analyzed.
During the process of the sampling, we must be careful about mistakes as contamination,
oxidation, wetness and the problema of losing particles of several sizes.
The methods we need to use can be clasified in two groups:
- A mechanic and manual sampling, wich s reliable nd cheap.
- A blinker, continuous and erratic sampling. The blinker consists in separate a partition of
every simple we took , to crate a new simple with those.The cntinuous is about taking a part
of the material using a conveyor ribbon. And the erratic is about taking samples without an
order, only for homogeneus materials.
When we accomplish the sampling of a liquid , if it is homogeneus , we can take any partition
because it is gonna be representative, but if it is an emulsiono r a kind of suspensin, we need
to shake it perfectly to make it homogeneus before we take an aliquot, I mean a part of it. In
case the container is too big, we can take samples at differents deepness.
For making the sampling of a gas, we need to use special pipettes. Before we put the simple
into the pippet, it is important to prepare a space inside, it has to be just about 1 mm of

quicksilver to avoid the contamination from the air. Then, we can fill the container using a
higher pressure tan the atmospheres.