Anda di halaman 1dari 6

+$/± +$/<$1*0(0%$7$/.

$1
õÇ ¡ Òë¡û

.(,6/$0$1

2/(+
6+(.+$%'8/$=,=%,1
$%'8//$+%,1%$=

3(1(5-(0$+
$%8$=.$)$5,'<
+$/+$/<$%*0(0%$7$/.$1,6/$0 

(',725
08+$00$'81$%'+$0,'
08+08·,18',/,//$+
ö·Âó¡úgÂó¡…¡öÈ¥
+$/ +$/<$1*0(0%$7$/.$1
.(,6/$0$1

6HJDOD SXML EDJL $OODK 8  6KDODZDW GDQ VDODP VHPRJD GLOLPSDKNDQ


NHSDGD QDEL \DQJ WHUDKLU 0XKDPPDG U SDUD NHOXDUJD GDQ SDUD 6DKDEDW
EHOLDXVHUWDNHSDGDRUDQJ RUDQJ\DQJVHWLDPHQJLNXWLSHWXQMXNEHOLDX
6HODQMXWQ\D  NHWDKXLODK ZDKDL VDXGDUDNX NDXP PXVOLPLQ EDKZD
$OODK8 WHODKPHZDMLENDQNHSDGDVHOXUXKKDPED² KDPED1\DXQWXNPDVXN
NH GDODP DJDPD ,VODP GDQ EHUSHJDQJ WHJXK GHQJDQ\D VHUWD EHUKDWL ²KDWL
XQWXNWLGDNPHQ\LPSDQJGDULQ\D
$OODK MXJD WHODK PHQJXWXV 1DEL1\D 0XKDPPDG U XQWXN EHUGDNZDK
NH GDODP KDO LQL GDQ PHPEHULWDKXNDQ EDKZD EDUDQJ VLDSD EHUVHGLD
PHQJLNXWLQ\D DNDQ PHQGDSDWNDQ SHWXQMXN GDQ EDUDQJ VLDSD \DQJ
PHQRODNQ\DDNDQVHVDW
$OODK MXJD PHQJLQJDWNDQ GDODP EDQ\DN D\DW D\DW $O4XU·DQ XQWXN
PHQJKLQGDUL VHEDE VHEDE NHPXUWDGDQ VHJDOD PDFDP NHPXV\ULNDQ GDQ
NHNDILUDQ
3DUD XODPD UDKLPDKXPXOODK WHODK PHQ\HEXWNDQ GDODP EDE KXNXP
NHPXUWDGDQ EDKZD VHRUDQJ PXVOLP ELVD GL DQJJDS PXUWDG  NHOXDU GDUL
DJDPD ,VODP  GHQJDQ EHUEDJDL PDFDP KDO \DQJ PHPEDWDONDQ NHLVODPDQ
\DQJ PHQ\HEDENDQ KDODO GDUDK GDQ KDUWDQ\D GDQ GL DQJJDS NHOXDU GDUL
DJDPD,VODP
<DQJ SDOLQJ EHUEDKDQ\D GDQ \DQJ SDOLQJ EDQ\DN WHUMDGL DGD VHSXOXK
KDO \DQJ GL VHEXWNDQ ROHK 6\HNK 0XKDPPDG ELQ $EGXO :DKKDE GDQ SDUD
XODPD ODLQQ\D GDQ NDPL VHEXWNDQVHFDUD ULQJNDV GHQJDQ VHGLNLW WDPEDKDQ
SHQMHODVDQXQWXNDQGDDJDUDQGDGDQRUDQJ² RUDQJVHODLQDQGDEHUKDWLKDWL
GDULKDOLQLGHQJDQKDUDSDQGDSDWVHODPDWGDQWHUEHEDVGDULQ\D

3HUWDPD
'LDQWDUD VHSXOXK KDO \DQJ PHPEDWDONDQ NHLVODPDQ WHUVHEXW DGDODK
PHPSHUVHNXWXNDQ$OODK< V\LULN GDODPEHULEDGDK
$OODK< EHUILUPDQ
ÎÎÓ  ¨ ¡ ”¢Èüó¡§ÁÇ> ”¢Ì úmîó¿ù½ ¢÷Âèäþ¥íÂÌ ù—Âèä  …¡ù›@
+$/+$/<$%*0(0%$7$/.$1,6/$0 
$UWLQ\D  ´ 6HVXQJJXKQ\D $OODK < WLGDN PHQJDPSXQL GRVD
V\LULN PHQ\HNXWXNDQ NHSDGD1\DWHWDSLPHQJDPSXQLGRVDVHODLQLWXNHSDGDRUDQJ
² RUDQJ\DQJGLNHKHQGDNLQ\D´ $QQLVD·D\DW

$OODK< EHUILUPDQ

ÔÏ  §¾Ÿ¢m¡§ÁÇ >Á¢Ðû—ú÷[m¢Üôó¢÷ Á¢üó¡ý¡˜÷ ¨üj¡þôß…¡õ·¾ìç…¢¥íÂÌ ú÷þû›@

$UWLQ\D´VHVXQJJXKQ\DRUDQJ\DQJPHPSHUVHNXWXNDQ$OODKQLVFD\D$OODK
DNDQ PHQJKDUDPNDQ VXUJD EDJLQ\D GDQ WHPSDW WLQJJDOQ\D NHODN  DGDODK QHUDND
GDQWLDGDVHRUDQJSHQRORQJSXQEDJLRUDQJ² RUDQJ]KDOLPµ $O 0DLGDK 

'DQ GL DQWDUD SHUEXDWDQ NHPXV\ULNDQ WHUVHEXW DGDODK  PHPLQWD GR·D


GDQ SHUWRORQJDQ NHSDGD RUDQJ RUDQJ \DQJ WHODK PDWL EHUQDG]DU GDQ
PHQ\HPEHOLKNRUEDQXQWXNPHUHND

.HGXD
0HQMDGLNDQVHVXDWXVHEDJDLSHUDQWDUDDQWDUDGLULQ\DGHQJDQ$OODK<
PHPLQWD GR·D GDQ V\DIDDW VHUWD EHUWDZDNNDO  EHUVHUDK GLUL  NHSDGD
SHUDQWDUDWHUVHEXW
2UDQJ \DQJ PHODNXNDQ KDO LWX PHQXUXW LMPD· XODPD  NHVHSDNDWDQ 
SDUDXODPDDGDODKNDILU

.HWLJD
7LGDN PHQJDQJJDS NDILU RUDQJ RUDQJ PXV\ULN DWDX UDJX DWDV
NHNDILUDQPHUHNDDWDXPHPEHQDUNDQNRQVHSPHUHND2UDQJ\DQJGHPLNLDQ
LQLDGDODKNDILU

.HHPSDW
%HUNH\DNLQDQ EDKZD WXQWXQDQ VHODLQ WXQWXQDQ 1DEL 0XKDPPDG U
OHELK VHPSXUQD DWDX EHUNH\DNLQDQ EDKZD KXNXP VHODLQ GDUL EHOLDX OHELK
EDLNVHSHUWLPHUHND\DQJPHQJXWDPDNDQDWXUDQ DWXUDQWKDJKXW DWXUDQ²
DWXUDQPDQXVLD\DQJPHODPSDXLEDWDVVHUWDPHQ\LPSDQJGDULKXNXP$OODK
 GDQ PHQJHVDPSLQJNDQ KXNXP 5DVXOXOODK U  PDND RUDQJ \DQJ
EHUNH\DNLQDQGHPLNLDQDGDODKNDILU

.HOLPD
0HPEHQFLVHVXDWX\DQJWHODKGLWHWDSNDQROHK5DVXOXOODKU PHVNLSXQ
LDVHQGLULPHQJDPDONDQQ\D2UDQJ\DQJVHGHPLNLDQLQLDGDODKNDILU.DUHQD
$OODK< WHODKEHUILUPDQ
+$/+$/<$%*0(0%$7$/.$1,6/$0 

Ö  ¨ ¡ ¾øp§ÁÇ > ön¢øߗÖ¦·˜ç…¡ñÄû—¢÷¡ÿÂïö˜¥îó¿ @

$UWLQ\D'HPLNLDQLWXDGDODKGLNDUHQDNDQPHUHNDEHQFLWHUKDGDSDSD\DQJGL
WXUXQNDQ ROHK $OODK < PDND $OODK < PHQJKDSXVNDQ SDKDOD  VHJDOD DPDO
SHUEXDWDQPHUHNDµ 0XKDPPDG 

.HHQDP
0HPSHURORN²RORNVHVXDWXGDULDMDUDQ5DVXOXOODKUDWDXPHPSHURORN²
RORN SDKDOD PDXSXQ VLNVDDQ \DQJ WHODK PHQMDGL NHWHWDSDQ DJDPD $OODK<
PDNDRUDQJ\DQJGHPLNLDQPHQMDGLNDILUNDUHQD$OODK< WHODKEHUILUPDQ

 ¨ ¡ ¨¥¬ó¡§ÁÇ > öðû¢{›¾à¥;Âèï¾ë¡ÁÀ¬à«  ùŸÄ ¬È«ö¬üïþóÇÁ þ«¢• …¢¥—òë @


ÓÓÓÒ

$UWLQ\D  ´ NDWDNDQODK  ZDKDL 0XKDPPDG  WHUKDGDS $OODKNDK GDQ D\DW ²


D\DW1\DVHUWD5DVXO1\DNDOLDQPHPSHURORN² RORN"WLDGDDUWLNDOLDQPHPLQWDPDDI
NDUHQDNDPXWHODKNDILUVHWHODKEHULPDQ ´ $W 7DXEDK  

.HWXMXK
6LKLU GL DQWDUDQ\D DGDODK LOPX JXQDJXQD \DQJ PHUREDK NHFLQWDDQ
VHRUDQJ VXDPL WHUKDGDS LVWULQ\D PHQMDGL NHEHQFLDQ DWDX \DQJ PHQMDGLNDQ
VHVHRUDQJ PHQFLQWDL RUDQJ ODLQ DWDX VHVXDWX \DQJ GL EHQFLQ\D GHQJDQ FDUD
V\DLWDQLGDQRUDQJ\DQJPHODNXNDQKDOLWXDGDODKNDILUNDUHQD$OODK< WHODK
EHUILUPDQ

ÎÍÏ  ¨ ¡ §Âì¦ó¡§ÁÇ >Âèð«ç ¨ü¬çút¢v›ì U·¾·—ú÷ù¢øôà ¢÷ @

$UWLQ\Dµ6HGDQJNHGXDPDODLNDWLWXWLGDNPHQJDMDUNDQ VXDWXVLKLU NHSDGD


VHRUDQJSXQVHEHOXPPHQJDWDNDQVHVXQJJXKQ\DNDPLKDQ\DFREDDQEDJLPXVHEDE
LWXMDQJDQODKNDPXNDILU´ $O%DTDUDK

.HGHODSDQ
0HPEDQWX GDQ PHQRORQJ RUDQJ ² RUDQJ PXV\ULN XQWXN PHPXVXKL
NDXPPXVOLPLQ$OODK< EHUILUPDQ

ÒÎ  ¨ ¡ ¨Ÿ¢m¡§ÁÇ > [m¢Üó¡õìó¡¾  …¡ù›ö ü÷þûœçöðü÷ö ó¬ ú÷ @

$UWLQ\D´'DQEDUDQJVLDSDGLDQWDUD NDPXPHQJDPELOPHUHND <DKXGLGDQ


1DVUDQL PHQMDGLSHPLPSLQPDNDVHVXQJJXKQ\DRUDQJWHUVHEXWWHUPDVXNJRORQJDQ
+$/+$/<$%*0(0%$7$/.$1,6/$0 
PHUHND VHVXQJJXKQ\D $OODK WLGDN PHPEHUL SHWXQMXN NHSDGD RUDQJ ² RUDQJ \DQJ
]KDOLPµ $O 0DLGDK 

.HVHPELODQ
%HUNH\DNLQDQEDKZDVHEDJLDQPDQXVLDGLSHUEROHKNDQWLGDNPHQJLNXWL
V\DUL·DW 1DEL 0XKDPPDG U  PDND \DQJ EHUNH\DNLQDQ VHSHUWL LQL DGDODK
NDILU$OODK< EHUILUPDQ

ÕÒ ù¡Âøßñ•§ÁÇ > úÂÇ¢l¡ú÷§Â» ¡ ? ÿ þü÷ò¦ì úôç¢ü½ õÇ ¡ Zã⬦ ú÷ @

$UWLQ\Dµ %DUDQJ VLDSD PHQJKHQGDNL VXDWX DJDPD VHODLQ ,VODP PDND WLGDN
DNDQGLWHULPDDJDPDLWXGDULSDGDQ\DGDQLDGLDNKLUDWWHUJRORQJRUDQJ RUDQJ\DQJ
PHUXJLµ $OL ,PUDQ 

.HVHSXOXK
%HUSDOLQJ GDUL ö$JDPD $OODK < GHQJDQ WDQSD PHPSHODMDUL GDQ WDQSD
PHODNVDQDNDQDMDUDQQ\D$OODK< EHUILUPDQ

ÏÏ  §¾´Èó¡§ÁÇ >ùøì¬ü÷[÷¡ú÷¢ û› ¢ üßÑÂߗ= þ¥Á©¢–¥Âï¿úröôۗú÷

$UWLQ\D´7LDGD\DQJOHELK]KDOLPGDUL SDGDRUDQJ\DQJWHODKPHQGDSDWNDQ
SHULQJDWDQ PHODOXL D\DW ² D\DW 7XKDQQ\D NHPXGLDQ LD EHUSDOLQJ GDUL SDGDQ\D
6HVXQJJXKQ\D NDPL PLQLPSDNDQ SHPEDODVDQ NHSDGD RUDQJ \DQJ EHUGRVD ´  $V
6DMDGDK 

'DODP KDO KDO \DQJ PHPEDWDONDQ NHLVODPDQ LQL  WDN DGD SHUEHGDDQ
KXNXP DQWDUD \DQJ PDLQPDLQ \DQJ VXQJJXK VXQQJXK  \DQJ VHQJDMD
PHODQJJDU  DWDXSXQ \DQJ WDNXW NHFXDOL RUDQJ \DQJ GL SDNVD 6HPXD LWX
PHUXSDNDQ KDO KDO \DQJ SDOLQJ EHUEDKD\D GDQ SDOLQJ VHULQJ WHUMDGL 0DND
VHWLDS PXVOLP KHQGDNQ\D PHQJKLQGDUL GDQ WDNXW GDULQ\D .LWD EHUOLQGXQJ
NHSDGD $OODK < GDUL KDO KDO \DQJ PHQGDWDQJNDQ NHPXUNDDQ 1\D GDQ
NHSHGLKDQ VLNVDDQ1\D 6HPRJD VKDODZDW GDQ VDODP GLOLPSDKNDQ NHSDGD
PDNKOXN 1\D \DQJ WHUEDLN SDUD NHOXDUJD GDQ SDUD VDKDEDW EHOLDX 'HQJDQ
LQLPDNDKDELVGDQVHOHVDLNDWDNDWDQ\D5DKLPDKXOODK

7HUPDVXNGDODPQRPHUHPSDW
2UDQJ \DQJ EHUNH\DNLQDQ EDKZD DWXUDQ DWXUDQ GDQ SHUXQGDQJ ²
XQGDQJDQ\DQJGLFLSWDNDQPDQXVLDOHELKXWDPDGDULSDGDV\DULDW,VODPDWDX
EDKZD V\DULDW ,VODP WLGDN WHSDW XQWXN GLWHUDSNDQ SDGD DEDG NH GXD SXOXK
LQL DWDX EHUNH\DNLQDQ EDKZD ,VODP DGDODK VHEDE NHPXQGXUDQ NDXP
+$/+$/<$%*0(0%$7$/.$1,6/$0 
PXVOLPLQ DWDX EHUNH\DNLQDQ EDKZD ,VODP LWX WHUEDWDV GDODP PHQJDWXU
KXEXQJDQ DQWDUD PDQXVLD GHQJDQ 7XKDQQ\D VDMD GDQ WLGDN PHQJDWXU
XUXVDQNHKLGXSDQ\DQJODLQ
-XJD RUDQJ \DQJ EHUSHQGDSDW EDKZD  PHODNVDQDNDQ KXNXP $OODK <
GDQ PHPRWRQJ WDQJDQ SHQFXUL DWDX PHUDMDP SHODNX ]LQD  PXKVDQ  \DQJ
WHODKNDZLQWLGDNVHVXDLODJLGLPDVDNLQL
-XJD RUDQJ \DQJ EHUNH\DNLQDQ GLSHUEROHKNDQQ\D SHQJHWUDSDQ KXNXP
VHODLQ KXNXP $OODK < GDODP VHJL PX·DPDODW V\DU·L\\DK VHSHUWL
SHUGDJDQJDQ VHZD PHQ\HZD SLQMDP PHPLQMDP GDQ ODLQ VHEDJDLQ\D DWDX
GDODPPHQHQWXNDQKXNXPSLGDQDDWDXODLQODLQQ\DVHNDOLSXQWLGDNGLVHUWDL
GDQJDQ NH\DNLQDQ EDKZD KXNXP KXNXP WHUVHEXW OHELK XWDPD GDUL SDGD
V\DULDW,VODP
.HUHQD GHQJDQ GHPLNLDQ LD WHODK PHQJKDODONDQ DSD \DQJ WHODK
GLKDUDPNDQ ROHK $OODK <  PHQXUXW NHVHSDNDWDQ SDUD XODPD·VHGDQJNDQ
VHWLDS RUDQJ \DQJ WHODK PHQJKDODONDQ DSD \DQJ VXGDK MHODV GDQ WHJDV
GLKDUDPNDQROHK$OODK< GDODPDJDPDVHSHUWL]LQDPLQXPDUDNULEDGDQ
SHQJJXQDDQ SHUXQGDQJ XQGDQJDQ VHODLQ 6\DULDW $OODK < PDND LD DGDODK
NDILUPHUXUXWNHVHSDNDWDQSDUDXPDW,VODP

.DPL PRKRQ NHSDGD $OODK < DJDU PHPEHUL WDXILT NHSDGD NLWD
VHPXD XQWXN VHWLDS KDO \DQJ GL ULGKDL 1\D GDQ PHPEHUL SHWXQMXN NHSDGD
NLWD GDQ NHSDGD VHOXUXK XPDW ,VODP MDODQQ\D \DQJ OXUXV 6HVXQJJXKQ\D
$OODK < DGDODK 0DKD 0HQGHQJDU GDQ PDKD 'HNDW 6KDODZDW GDQ VDODP
VHPRJDGLOLPSDKNDQNHSDGD1DELNLWD0XKDPPDGUNHSDGDSDUDNHOXDUJD
GDQSDUDVKDKDEDWEHOLDX