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News Item

Social Function
To inform readers,listeners,or viewers about event of
theday which are considered newsworthy or important.
Generic Structure
1. Newsworthy Event(s)
Recounts the event in summary form.
2. Background Event( s )
Elaborate what happened to whom, in what circumstances.
3. Sources
Comments by participants in, witnesses to and authorities
expert on the event.

Example News Item text


Town Contaminated
Newsworthy Event
Moscow A Russian journalist has uncovered evidence of another
Soviet nuclear catastrophe, which killed 10 sailors and contaminated an
entire town.
Background Events
Yelena Vazrshavsky is the first journalist to speak to people who
witnessed the explosion of a nuclear submarine at the naval base of
Shokotovo 22 near Vladivostock.
The accident which occured 13 months before the Chernobyl
disaster spread radioactive fall-out over the base and nearby town but
was covered up by officials of then Soviet Union. Residents were told
the explosion in the reactor of the Victor-class submarine during a refil
had been a thermal and not a nuclear explosion. And those involved in
the clean up operation to remove more than 600 tonnes of
contaminated materials were sworn to secrecy.

Sources

A board of investigators was later to describe it as the worst


accident in the history of the Soviet Navy.

Pertanyaan :
1) What is the text about ?
Answer : Text about a the explosion of nuclear submarine at the
naval base of Shkotovo.
2) How many victims were there in the accident ?
Answer : killed 10 sailors.
3) Who exposed the incident publicy ?
Answer : Residents were told the explosion in the reactor of the
victor-class and not a nuclear explossion.
4) What was the effect of the nuclear catastrophe ?
Answer : Which killed 10 sailors and contaminated an entire
town , more than 600 tonnes of contaminated materials.
5) How did the journalist try to find the evidence ?
Answer : To speak to people who witnessed the explosion of a
nuclear submarine at the naval base of Shokotovo.

PASSIVE VOICE
ACTIVE VOICE

PASSIVE VOICE

She waters the flowers


everyday .

The flowers are watered


( by her ) every day.

VERB I ( S / ES )

IS / ARE / AM VERB 3

She is watering the flowers


now.

The flowers are being


watered ( by her ) now.

IS / ARE / AM VERB ING IS / ARE / AM BEING


VERB 3
WAS / WERE VERB - ING
WAS / WERE BEING VERB
3
She watered the flowers
yesterday.

The flowers were watered (


by her ) yesterday.

VERB 2

WAS / WERE VERB 3

She will water the flowers


tomorrow.

The flowers will be watered


( by her ) tomorrow.

WILL / MODAL VERB I

WILL / MODAL BE VERB 3

She has just watered the


flowers.

The flowers have just been


watered ( by her) .

HAS / HAVE / HAD VERB


3

HAS / HAVE / HAD BEEN


VERB 3