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OBSERVE BUFFER SOLUTION

TEACHER: Drs. WAHYUDI, M.Eng.

By:

HARIS WIDYA NUGRAHA (XI EXACT 4 / 15)

STATE SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL 1


KEBUMEN
1

2010
IDENTIFY ACID AND BASE USING BY
SYNTHETIC INDICATOR
A. PURPOSE
To observing the buffer solution and not buffer solution
B. BASIC THEORY
Buffer solution or buffer, or buffer solution is a solution that can
maintain a certain pH value. The most prominent characteristics of this buffer
solution such as buffer pH changed only slightly on the addition of a strong
acid.
In general, a buffer solution is described as a mixture consisting of:
Weak acid (HA) and conjugate base (ion A -), this mixture produces
acidic solution.
Weak base (B) and conjugate base (BH +), this mixture produces
alkaline solution.
Buffer solution components are divided into:
1. Solution of acidic buffer
The solution is to maintain the pH in the acidic (pH <7). To obtain this
solution can be made from a weak acid and its salts which is the conjugate
base of acid. The other way is to mix a weak acid with a strong base weak
acid which is mixed in the amount of excess. Will produce the salt mixture
containing the conjugate base of weak acids in question. In general, used a
strong base such as sodium, potassium, barium, calcium, and others.
2. Solution of the base buffer
The solution is to maintain the pH in the alkaline (pH> 7). To obtain
this solution can be made from a weak base and salt, the salts derived from
strong acids. The other way is by mixing a weak base with a strong acid
which is mixed with excess weak base.

C. TOOLS AND MATERIALS


1. Reaction tube (6)
2. Beaker glass (2)
3. Pipette (2)
4. Indicator Universal
5. water
6. HCl 0.1M
7. NaOH 0.1M
8. CH3COOH 0.1M
9. NH4OH 0.1M
10. CH3COONa 0.1M
11. NH4Cl 0.1M
D. STEPS
1. Prepare the tools and materials.
2. Tube 1 and tube 2 are filled water 2 mL.
3. Tube 3 is filled CH3COOH solution 0.1M 1 mL.
4. Tube 4 is filled CH3COONa solution 0.1M 1 mL.
5. Tube 5 is filled NH4OH solution 0.1M 1 mL.
6. Tube 6 is filled NH4Cl solution 0.1M 1 mL.
7. Drop every tube with 2 dropping indicator universal, then shake it.
8. Tube 1 is dropped by HCl 0.1M until the color change.
9. Tube 2 is dropped by NaOH 0.1M until color change.
10. Tube 3 and 5 are dropped by HCl 0.1M until the color change.
11. Tube 4 and 6 are dropped by NaOH 0.1M until the color change.
E.

RESULT
No.

Solution

Ions

Adding
solution

Color
before

Color
after

volume

1.

Water

H+ + OH-

HCL

Dark
green

Red

1
dropping

2.

Water

H+ + OH-

NaOH

Dark
green

Dark
purple

1
dropping

3.

CH3COOH

CH3COO- +
H+

HCL

Red

Light
red

200
dropping

4.

CH3COONa

CH3COO- +
Na+

NaOH

Dark
green

Dark
purple

1
dropping

5.

NH4OH

NH4+ + OH-

HCL

Dark
green

Red

1
dropping

6.

NH4Cl

NH4+ + Cl-

NaOH

Brown
tea

green

1
dropping

F.

ANALYZE
1 When water added by universal indicator its color is lichen green. When
added by 1 drop HCl solution, its color changes to red. Solution in tube 1
only needed little acid to change pH.
2

When water added by universal indicator its color is lichen green. When
added by 1 drop NaOH solution, its color changes to old purple. Solution
in tube 2 only needed little base to change pH.

When acetic acid added by universal indicator its color is blood red. When
added by more drops HCl solution, its color disposed no change.
Difficulty to change pH of acetic acid.

When natrium acetic added by universal indicator its color is green. When
added by 1 drop NaOH solution, its color changes to old purple. Solution
4 only needed little base to change pH.

When ammonium hydroxide added by universal indicator its color is old


green. When added by 1 drop HCl solution, its color changes to blood red.
Solution 5 only needed little acid to change pH.

When ammonium chloride added by universal indicator its color is


yellow brownie. When added by 1 drop NaOH solution, its color changes
to old green. Solution 6 only needed little base to change pH.

Based on our observations:


1

System that can keep the pH of a solution called a system of relatively


fixed buffer or buffer solution. Meaning general buffer is held to a
condition has not changed dramatically. From these experiments a
mixture that acts as a buffer system is a mixture of CH3COOH + HCl.
Because the solution is not difficult to change color or change when
dropped with HCL solution. In addition, because the tube contains a weak
acid (CH3COOH) and strong acid (HCl).

From these observations the price of the solution pH is difficult to change


the tube number 3. The solution is a buffer solution.

Ions that act as a buffer is in CH3COOH solution. Since the addition of


acid (H+) would shift the equilibrium to the left. Where H+ ions are added
to react with ions CH3COO- to form molecules CH3COOH.

CH3COO-(aq) + H+(aq) CH3COOH(aq)


G. CONCLUSSION
So the buffer solution is CH3COOH (tube 3) because the pH value
dont change when it added by little acid.
(Known by the color changes)
H. REFERENCE
Purba, Michael. 2006. Kimia untuk SMA Kelas XI Semester 2. Jakarta: Erlangga
http://www.google.com/ilmukimia

Kebumen, 15 Februari 2009


Practican,

Haris Widya Nugraha

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