Anda di halaman 1dari 9

Consume a Web Service in ABAP

It is impossible to implement all of the necessary functions associated with a complex business problem in the same
component or even technology. A modern enterprise infrastructure system must be in the position to integrate
functions in one effective process. Until now, the combination of different applications have been developed using
point-to-point solutions which grow complex and impossible to maintain over time.
Web Services simplify the heterogeneous nature of most mature enterprise system landscapes. They enable you to
combine functions in a single process, even if they are implemented in widely differing software components. Web
services are standalone, executable entities that can be published, searched for, and called, across a network.
To consume a web service via the ABAP engine, you need to do the following:

Create a Client Proxy

Create a Logical Port


The creation of a proxy for the Web service in the ABAP Workbench using a WSDL document can be done in a few
clicks. Once the proxy has been created a logical portal will be needed. Once those two tasks are completed, the
Web Service can be called via a standard API.
Setup Information
URL: http://www.deeptraining.com/webservices/wsStrings.asmx?WSDL
Note that SAP only supports WSDL 1.1 ( at least from what I can tell )

Create Client Proxy


You can generate client or server proxies in ABAP to send or receive messages. You generate client proxies in this
example. The client proxy will provide an abstraction to the complexities of the web service.
TCODE: SE80

Click on EDIT OBJECT

Select Enterprise Services

Enter the name of the Client Proxy (ZCG_CO_WEATHER_WS) and click the CREATE button.

Select URL/HTTP Destination and press the Continue button.

Enter the WSDL in the URL field and press the Continue button

For simplicity select Local Object and enter a value in the Prefix field. Press the Continue button.

Press the Complete button.

Remember to SAVE and then ACTIVATE you code.

Create Logical Port


You configure runtime features for Web services client proxies using logical ports.
These runtime features can be configured when the Web-service client is activated. An example of such a feature is
the URL-call of the Web service, which, if applicable, must be modified by users.
TCODE: LPCONFIG

Enter the Proxy class and Logical Port name. Make sure that Default Port is selected. Click the Createbutton

Enter a description for the logical port.

Enter the WSDL URL into the URL field

Now we need to add the reference from the actual WSDL code into each operation.
Open up the WSDL in a browser and look for the following:
<wsdl:operation name=MakeUpper>
Below that line there will be another line that has a SOAPACTION defined in it:
<soap:operation soapAction=http://www.deeptraining.com/MakeUpper style=document/>
Copy the URL defined in that line into the SOAP Action line.

Save and then Activate the Logical Port

Test the Web Service Call


TCODE: se80
To test the web service call load the client proxy in SE80

Click on the TEST icon

Click on the Execute button

Since the web service simply converts a string to all upper case, you can now click on the EXECUTEbutton.
Note: You can also now change the default value being sent to the web service

As you can see you can even upload an entire file

If the test is successful you will see your returned string in all Upper Case
Call the Web Service within an ABAP Function
FUNCTION Z_CG_TOUPPER_TEST.

*
**Local Interface:
* IMPORTING
*

VALUE(INPUT_PARAMETER) TYPE STRING

* EXPORTING
*

VALUE(OUTPUT_PARAMETER) TYPE STRING

*
DATA: WSProxy TYPE REF TO ZCG_CO_WS_STRINGS_SOAP .
TRY.
CREATE OBJECT WSProxy .
CATCH CX_AI_SYSTEM_FAULT .
ENDTRY.
data: ls_response type ZCG_MAKE_UPPER_SOAP_OUT .
data: ls_request type ZCG_MAKE_UPPER_SOAP_IN .
ls_request-DATA = INPUT_Parameter .
TRY.
CALL METHOD WSProxy->MAKE_UPPER
EXPORTING
INPUT = ls_request
IMPORTING
OUTPUT = ls_response .
CATCH CX_AI_SYSTEM_FAULT .
CATCH CX_AI_APPLICATION_FAULT .
ENDTRY.
COMMIT WORK.
OUTPUT_Parameter = ls_response-MAKE_UPPER_RESULT .
ENDFUNCTION.