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Assignment 5 (MATH 215, Q1)

1. Evaluate the triple integral.


RRR
(a)
xy dV , where E is the solid tetrahedron with vertices (0, 0, 0), (1, 0, 0),
E
(0, 2, 0), and (0, 0, 3).
Solution. The plane containing the three points (1, 0, 0), (0, 2, 0), and (0, 0, 3) has an
equation 6x + 3y + 2z = 6. Thus,
Z

ZZZ

22x

(66x3y)/2

xy dz dy dx

xydV =
0

0
1

0
22x

=
0

1
(6 6x 3y)xy dy dx
2

2(x4 + 3x3 3x2 + x) dx =

=
0

1
.
10

x dV , where E is bounded by the paraboloid x = 4y 2 + 4z 2 and the plane


x = 4.
Solution. We have Q = {(y, z) : y 2 + z 2 1} and
(b)

RRR

ZZZ
xdV =

Z Z hZ

Q
2

ZZ
i


x dx dA =
8 8(y 2 + z 2 )2 dA

4y 2 +4z 2
1

(8r 8r5 ) dr =

(8 8r )r dr d = 2

=
0

16
.
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2. (a) Find the volume of the region inside the cylinder x2 + y 2 = 9, lying above the
xy-plane, and below the plane z = y + 3.
Solution. We have Q = {(x, y) : x2 + y 2 9} and
ZZZ
V =

dV =

Z Z Z

y+3

ZZ

dz dA =
Q

Z
(r sin + 3) r dr d =

(y + 3) dA

(9 sin + 27/2) d = 27.

(b) Find the volume of the region bounded by the paraboloids z = x2 + y 2 and
z = 36 3x2 3y 2 .
Solution. We have Q = {(x, y) : x2 + y 2 9} and
ZZZ

ZZ Z

V =

363x2 3y 2

dV =
E

=
0

dz dA =
Q

ZZ

x2 +y 2

(36 4x2 4y 2 ) dA

(36 4r2 )r dr d = 2

Z
0

(36r 4r3 ) dr = 162.

3. Use cylindricalRRR
coordinates
in the following problems.
p
2
(a) Evaluate
x + y 2 dV , where E is the solid bounded by the paraboloid
E
z = 9 x2 y 2 and the xy-plane.
Solution. In cylindrical coordinates the region E is described by
0 r 3, 0 2, and 0 z 9 r2 .
Thus,
ZZZ p

x2

y2

9r 2

r2 (9 r2 ) dr d

r r dz dr d =

dV =
Z
=

0
3

(9r2 r4 ) d =

d
0

324
.
5

RRR
(b) Evaluate the integral E x2 dV , where E is the solid that lies within the cylinder
x2 + y 2 = 1, above the plane z = 0, and below the cone z 2 = 4x2 + 4y 2 .
Solution. In cylindrical coordinates the region E is described by
0 r 1, 0 2, and 0 z 2r.
Thus,
ZZZ

2r

(r cos )2 r dz dr d

x dV =
E

2r4 dr =

cos d
0

2
.
5

4. Use spherical coordinates in the following problems.


RRR
2
2
2 2
(a) Evaluate E x e(x +y +z ) dV , where E is the solid that lies between the spheres
x2 + y 2 + z 2 = 1 and x2 + y 2 + z 2 = 4 in the first octant
{(x, y, z) : x 0, y 0, z 0}.
Solution. In spherical coordinates the region E is described by
1 2, 0 /2, 0 /2.
Thus,
ZZZ

(x2 +y 2 +z 2 )2

xe

/2

/2

dV =

Z
=

( sin cos ) e 2 sin d d d

/2
2

sin d
0

Z
cos d

16
(e e).
=
16

/2

3 e d

(b) Evaluate

9x2

9x2

Z 9x2 y2 p
z x2 + y 2 + z 2 dz dy dx.
0

Solution. The integral is equal to

RRR

p
x2 + y 2 + z 2 dV , where

E = {(, , ) : 0 3, 0 2, 0 /2}.
Therefore, the integral is equal to
/2

Z
0

0
/2

( cos ) 2 sin d d d

0
2

Z
cos sin d

4 d =

243
.
5

5. (a) Find the center of mass of the solid S bounded by the paraboloid z = 4x2 + 4y 2
and the plane z = 1 if S has constant density K.
Solution. In cylindrical coordinates the region E is described by
0 r 1/2, 0 2, and 4r2 z 1
Thus, the mass of the solid is
ZZZ

M=

1/2

K dV =
E

Kr dz dr d =
0

4r 2

K
.
8

The moment about the xy-plane is


ZZZ

Mxy =

1/2

zK dV =
E

Kz r dz dr d =
0

4r 2

K
.
12

Similarly, the other two moments are Mxz = Myz = 0. We have Mxy /M = 2/3.
Hence, the center of mass is (0, 0, 2/3).
(b) Find the mass of a ball given by x2 + y 2 + z 2 a2 if the density at any point is
proportional to its distance from the z-axis.
Solution. In spherical coordinates the region E is described by
0 a, 0 2, 0 .
The density is k sin , where k is a constant. Hence, the mass is
ZZZ
M=

k sin dV =
E

(k sin )2 sin d d d =

k 2 a4
.
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