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The

Essential
Seminar

Fundamentals of
Packaging
Technology
Seminar
Fundamentals of Packaging Technology is divided into
semesters to give you maximum flexibility in taking the seminar.

1. Take the entire seminar


It is 10 classroom days that encompass four semesters. We’ve split
the two weeks apart to reduce the impact on your work schedule.
Take one week in the first month, then take the second week a month later.

2. Or, just take just part of the seminar


Content is divided into four, 2-1/2 day semesters. Each seminar
focuses on specific areas of packaging. You can take just one
semester, for a 2-1/2-day time commitment. And you can take
additional semesters that focus on your educational needs.

What is each semester’s content?


The following pages outline the seminar’s curriculum in detail.
Each semester 2-1/2-days long, and the detailed curriculum gives
you the schedule and content for each day.

For details and registration:


www.iopp.org/fundamentals
2009 Locations:
• Orlando, FL • Minneapolis, MN
January and February July and August
• Irvine, CA • Chicago, IL
May and June September and October
Fundamentals of Packaging Technology Seminar Course Outline

Semester 1
Day One
• Course Introduction
• Course Overview 1-3 Market Research
• Course Logistics • Why perform market studies
• Market study tools
1-1 Perspective on Packaging • Broad based studies
• Demographic Workshop: Part One • Focused studies
• A definition of packaging • Updating persona through market
• The historical evolution of packaging research
and packaging materials
• The industrial revolution and packaging 1-4 Graphic Design
• Growth of modern packaging roles • Demographic Workshop: Part Two
• The modern packaging industry • Technical and communication roles
compared
1-2 Package Development • The importance of demographic and
Process psychographic information
• Management of the packaging function • The modern retail environment
• The package as the purchase motivator
• Project Scope and objectives
• Fundamental messages: Cords of
• The package development process familiarity and points of difference
• The package design brief • Equity and brand names
• Specifications • Emotional aspects of color
• Basics of graphic design: balance,
unity, direction, typography and
illustrations
Day Two
1-5 Introduction to Printing 1-6 Printing Methods
and Printing Methods
• Preparing the artwork, prepress proofing Flexographic and Related Relief
Printing Processes
• Package printing methods and printing
presses • Nature and production of the printing
plate
• Line art, color selection and Pantone
Matching System • Configuration of the printing station
• Halftone art, screens and screen sizes • Advantages and limitations of
flexography
• Process art, moire patterns
• Offset letterpress (dry offset) and
• Color bleeds, trap, special colors applications
Fundamentals of Packaging Technology Seminar Course Outline

Semester 1
Day Two, Cont.

Lithography Gravure
• Nature and production of the printing • Nature and production of the printing
plate plate
• Configuration of the printing station • Configuration of the printing station
• Advantages and limitations of lithogra- • Advantages and limitations of gravure
phy • Principal packaging applications of
• Principal packaging applications of gravure
lithography

Special Decorating Techniques


• Screen, heat transfer, hot stamp and pad
printing, reflective metallics and surface
gloss

Day Three
1-7 Color Perception 1-9 Labels and Labeling
• Physics of color • The functions of a label
• The human perception of color • Types of labels
• Additive and subtractive color synthetics • Label forms
• Ink as a modifier of light • Label materials
• The four process printing colors • Affixing labels
• Standard color viewing conditions
• The visual comparison of colors

1-8 Electronic Product Coding


• EPC advantages through the supply
chain
• EAN/UPC symbologies
• UPC structure
• RFID tags
• RFID readers
• RFID advantages For details and registration:
• RFID limitations www.iopp.org/fundamentals
Fundamentals of Packaging Technology Seminar Course Outline

Semester 2
Day One
Please bring a calculator
2-1 Paper and Paperboard • Dimensioning, grain direction
• Fiber sources and fiber quality • Die-boards and paperboard cutting and
• Furnish make-ups creasing
• Fourdrinier and cylinder-type paper • Folding carton manufacture
machines • Set-up boxes, designs, applications and
• Machine direction and cross direction limitations
• Coatings, calendaring and other treat- 2-3 Corrugated Fiberboard
ments
• Containerboard grades and standard
• Paper characterization flute sizes
• Paper and paperboard grades and • General applications of standard flutes
applications
• Mullen Test and edge crush tests (ECT)
2-2 Folding Cartons • Using McKee formula to estimate box
• General paperboard construction classes compression strength
• General design considerations • Carrier rules and regulations
• Tube-style folding cartons: basic designs • Corrugated board manufacture
and variations • Single, double and triple wall boards
• Tray-style cartons: basic designs and • Microflute and wave flute comparisons
variations

Day Two
Please bring a calculator

2-4 Corrugated Boxes • General industry tolerances


• Regular slotted container (RSC) produc- • Wax and other treatments
tion and styles
• Die cut container production and style 2-5 Box Compression
examples Strength Workshop
• Bliss box styles • Standard compression strength measure-
• Decorating by direct printing (post ment
printing) • Difference between compression
• Preprint, litho labeling and litho strength and stacking strength
laminating options • Impact of humidity, time, pallet pattern
• Scoring allowances and overhang
• Dimensioning corrugated containers and pads • Using Fibre Box Association stacking
strength factors
Fundamentals of Packaging Technology Seminar Course Outline

Semester 2
Day Two, Cont.

• Calculating required compression • Vibration sources, relative movement


strength damage
• Determining required ECT values to • Resonance, stack resonance, load
meet required stack strength skewing
• Stacking HDPE bottles • Unit loads and unit load efficiency
• Tracking and acting on distribution
losses
2-6 Distribution Environment
• Industry guidelines and practices
• Package transport and distribution
hazards • Pallet issues
• A systems approach to distribution pack- • Recommended minimum and
aging maximum container dimensions
• Sources of shock inputs and effects • Recommended load stability
• Good shipping practices

Day Three
2-7 Protective Packaging 2-8 Pre-Shipment Testing
• Understanding G factors • Purpose
• Damage boundary curves • ISTA test procedures
• Cushioning against shock • ASTM D4 169 test procedures
• Selecting cushioning materials • Planning a pre-shipment test
• Using dynamic cushioning tables
• Spring-mass relationships and isolating 2-9 Industrial Packaging
inputs
2-10 Wood Packages

For details and registration:


www.iopp.org/fundamentals
Fundamentals of Packaging Technology Seminar Course Outline

Semester 3
Day One
3-1 Introduction to Polymers 3-3 Packaging Polymers
• Structure of HDPE, LDPE, LLDPE and
3-2 Polymer Chemistry mPE
• Polymers, plastics and polymerization • Polyethylene density and property trends
• Polymer classifications • Structure and general properties
• Terminology and abbreviation of polypropylene, poly(vinyl) and
poly(vinylidene chloride), polystyrene,
• Copolymers and properties poly(vinyl alcohol), poly(vinyl acetate)
• A review of basic chemical concepts and ethylene-vinyl acetate, polyamide,
• Polarity, solubility, permeability and poly(ethylene terephthalate), other lesser
barrier used polymers
• Coefficient of friction and adhesion • Thermosets and thermoplastics
compared; thermoset applications
• Glass transition and melt temperatures
• Thermal history and crystallinity 3-4 Property Comparisons
• Oriented plastics and shrink plastics • General properties of packaging polymers
• Hydrocarbons and polyethylene • Factors affecting barrier properties
• Oxygen and moisture vapor barrier
comparisons
• Classes of polymer additives
Day Two
3-5 Extrusion Molding • Basic form-fill-seal machines
• Plasticating extruders • High barrier constructions
• Cast and blown plastic film and sheet • Wet bond, dry bond, and extrusion
• Co-extruded and oriented plastic films laminating
• Video presentation: Analytical and • Specifying plies, caliper, and roll
Physical Testing orientation
• Example laminate constructions

3-6 Flexible Packaging 3-7 Thermoforming


• Aluminum foil properties and applications • Extruded profiles and typical packaging
• Vacuum metallizing process applications
• Metallized paper and film applications • Common thermoforming methods and
materials
• Structural, barrier, sealing and aesthetic
properties • Thermoform packaging applications
Fundamentals of Packaging Technology Seminar Course Outline

Semester 3
Day Two, Cont.
3-8 Injection Molding
• The injection molding process
• Injection molds, tooling costs
• Sprues, runners, gates and undercuts
• Part characteristics and packaging
applications

Day Three
3-9 Blow Molding 3-11 Closures
• The extrusion blow molding process • Closure selection criteria
• Parisons and parison programming • Container finish standards and thread
• The injection blow molding process styles
• Injection stretch blow molding • Closure dimension designations
• Extrusion and injection blow molding • Closure liner functions and types
compared • Common plastic closure designs
• General bottle design considerations • Metal continuous thread, lug, roll-on,
press-on and crown closures
3-10 Bottle Design Criteria • Child-resistant and tamper-evident
• General design elements designs
• Decorating options
• Special bottle designs
• Environmental stress cracking

For details and registration:


www.iopp.org/fundamentals
Fundamentals of Packaging Technology Seminar Course Outline

Semester 4
Day One
4-1 Environmental Issues • Measuring sustainable packaging—
• Defining packaging’s role in the solid Wal-Mart’s sustainable scorecard
waste issue • No single “sustainable solution”
• Proportion of packaging in the waste • Creating sustainable packaging strate-
stream gies, yet implementing them one step at
• The four “R’s” hierarchy: reduce, reuse, a time.
recycle and recover
• Environmental concerns and the con- 4-2 Adhesives
sumer • Mechanical and specific theories of
• The packaging professional’s role in the adhesion
environmental issue • Surface tension and dyne level
• Adhesive viscosity
• Starch, dextrin, and casein adhesives
4-1A Sustainable Packaging and their applications
• The concept of cradle-to-cradle product • Emulsion adhesives: advantages, appli-
design cations, green strength
• The need to push packaging system • Hot melt adhesives: advantages, and
boundaries applications
• Central definitions of sustainable pack- • Elastomeric and cold seal adhesives:
aging advantages and applications
• Design strategies that implement the • Good manufacturing practices
definitions • Trouble shooting adhesive problems

Day Two
4-3 Metal Containers 4-4 Aerosols
• Can-making metals • Component parts and operation
• Welded, adhesive, bonded and • Aerosol propellants and formulations
mechanical clinch three-piece cans • Other pressurized dispensing systems
• Shallow draw, draw and redraw, draw • Aerosol container legal requirements
and iron two-piece cans
• Impact extruded cans and collapsible 4-5 Glass Packaging
tubes
• Raw materials for soda glass and special
• Protective coatings and decorations glasses
• Sizing conventions • The glass furnace and glass manufacture
Fundamentals of Packaging Technology Seminar Course Outline

Semester 4
Please bring a calculator
Day Two, Cont.

• Blow-and-blow and
press-and-blow bottle production
4-9 Production Line Workshop
• Surface coatings and annealing
• Basic design layout and assignment of
• Decorating options machine speeds
• Video presentation: • Efficiency and output, calculating
Glass Bottle Manufacture production line efficiency
• Purpose and placement of buffers
4-6 Special Designs
4-10 Laws and Regulations
• Statutes versus regulations
• Role of the Federal agencies
Day Three • Fair Packaging and Labeling Act
• Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act
• Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and
4-7 Packaging Machinery Rodenticide Act
• Package design and machine-ability • Hazardous Materials Transportation Act
• The packaging machine industry • Miscellaneous acts impacting
• Stock machines and custom machines packaging
• Intermittent and rotary machine 4-11 Packaging Software
configurations
• Standards Applications Use in
• Fast changeovers Packaging
4-8 Filling Systems • Special Packaging Applications
• Product categories and filler selection – Graphics Design
• Fill-to-level liquid filling systems – Structural Design
• Fill-to-volume liquid filling systems – Specifications
• Flask fillers – Spatial Efficiency
• Auger fillers – Performance Design
• Gravimetric filling – Test and Measurement Support
• Statistical combining methods
or filling

For details and registration:


www.iopp.org/fundamentals