Anda di halaman 1dari 4



reaches 15 mts.
It is found in Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru.
Intimpa comes from the Quechua words inti = sun, pa = tree
Excellent wood; highly demanded for housing, lumber, doors and
windows, flooring decking, beams, ridge poles, scaffolding,
ladders. In furniture chairs and tables. For tools: yoke, rural crafts
Also for coal.
Reaches 10 mts.
Woody stems grayish brown.
And pinnate compound leaves up to 12 cm. Five to seven ovate,
toothed leaflets.

Flowers in inflorescences resembling umbels, very flattened, up to

20 cm in diameter. Cream-colored corolla about 5 mm. Five petals.
Drupe fruit in black color.

Medicinal properties:
For internal use
1st) Respiratory: It is a great help against respiratory diseases.
(Flores infusion).
2nd) Diuretics: The bark is used in those cases in which it is
necessary to remove excess water accumulated in the body.
(Decoction of bark fragments in half liter of water. Taking it along
all day).
3rd) Liver-to fight liver disease. (Take a glass fasting decoction of
fresh leaves in a pint of water for fifteen minutes).
For external use
1st) To treat hemorrhoids: (Apply a lotion with juice extracted
under pressure from the tender leaves)

It is a straight trunk tree that reaches a height of 40 meters.

It has a large, globular and elongated cup. His sparse foliage

The bark is thick, rough and grooved dark brown or gray.
Its flowers are small and whitish hermaphrodites.
Its fruit has the shape of an elongated, woody capsule and divided
into five parts that opens like a star when the seeds are ready to
be dispersed.
Each fruit contains 30 to 40 seeds.
Seeds are flattened, oval and winged.
When the cedars are attacked by the caterpillar of a moth, it
causes severe loss of forest plantations. Van leaves are gradually
changing, so are covered with foliage all year.
It has spreading roots.
The infusion obtained from the decoction of leaves, roots, wood,
and bark is used for bronchitis, stomach pain, digestive problems,
bleeding, and epilepsy.


The Queen of Machu Picchu Orchids . It's so beautiful that it
was the source of an Inca legend Waqanki. This beautiful
iridescent masdevallia has no camera captures in all its glory
surface. Is terrestrial and epiphytic habit strangely and
develops between 2.100 and 3.310 meters of altitude.
Considerable variation in the color and shape of its flowers
being much appreciated by farmers worldwide. He has won
many international awards and is widely used in
hybridization. Its flowers are large, long-lived getting to last
more than a month and measure up to 20 cm long and 6 cm
Erythrina falcata
It is a tree that reaches 10 to 30 m tall; the trunk is
cylindrical, 35 to 80 cm in diameter, with grayish bark.
Compound, alternate leaves and trifolias; petiole 7-15 cm
long; blades 3-15 cm long and 2-10 cm wide. Inflorescence in
clusters of 10 to 30 cm with 10 hermaphrodite flowers 2 to
3.5 cm wide, with a large petal and 4 thin. Fruit a pod, dark
brown, 10 to 25 cm long and 2 to 3, 5 cm wide, with 3-15
Alnus jorulensis
It is a medium sized tree reaching 20-25 m tall. The leaves are
elliptic to obovate 5-12 cm long, somewhat leathery in
texture with a serrated margin and glands in the bottom. The
flowers are pollinated by the wind and are produced in early
It is used as an ornamental plant in warm temperate areas
like Southern California.
(Schinus molle)
The MOLLE grows both in the wild and cultivated in dry areas
of the coast, the mountains and part of the Amazon, from
sea level to 3,500 m
Develop more efficient in places with low light to rocky and
tropical and temperate climatic conditions soils.
The MOLLE is between 10 and 12 meters high.
TRUNK: It has a diameter of 1.5 meters at the base, and is
branched at the top. Its bark is light brown, slightly grayish,
and its texture is somewhat rough and cracked.
LEAVES: The MOLLE foliage is evergreen, dense and has
drooping branches. The leaves are compound, lanceolate,
smooth or serrated margins, very aromatic and measure 1.5
to 4 cm long.
FLOWERS: The flowers are small, hermaphrodite or
unisexual, and are arranged in elongated panicles.
FRUIT: The fruit of the MOLLE have a striking red color, are
grouped in clusters, have a sweet taste and mesocarp
containing a seed.
SEEDS: The seeds have a negruzo color, rough texture,
rounded and their size varies between 3 and 5 mm in

Eucalipto- Eucalyptus
Size and carrying
Eucalyptus trees are evergreen, straight bearing. They can
grow to 60 m high, although there is talk of missing copies
and reached 150 meters. The outer bark (rhytidome) is light
brown with leather look and it appears to strip leaving or
brownish gray spots on the more smooth inner bark.
Eucalypt forests can create problems of wildfires due to the
great height they reach these trees quickly growing and easy
combustion of the wood: in dense eucalyptus forests, the
flames of a fire can reach over 300 meters height, as has
been seen in Australia during the dry season (DecemberJanuary).
Leaves: The young leaves of the eucalyptus are sessile, oval
and grayish. These lengthen and become a bright blue-green
adult; contain an essential oil, balsamic characteristic odor,
which is a powerful natural disinfectant. In aromatherapy is
used by the emotional part as a stimulant with despejante
effect, and the physical part as antiviral, expectorant and
Therapeutic Uses: The essential oil of eucalyptus leaves is
used as a decongestant and to fight respiratory infections. It
is used as an ointment, tablets, syrups or sprays. The oil is
used topically for treatment of muscular and joint pain and
to treat cold sores.
Flowers and fruits: Presents and solitary white flowers with
calyx and corolla united by a kind of lid covering the stamens
and pistil (this peculiarity derives its name, eu-kalypto in
Greek means "well covered" which, when opened, releases
crowd of yellow stamens. Fruits are large capsules almost
black color with a blue-gray cap containing lot of seeds.
Alamopoplar tree


The fruit is a capsule, hairless, dehiscent, greenish color

turns brown when ripe. Libera numerous small seeds
delivered pappus white, which confers aspects of cotton
Species are light and sturdy temperament. Usually show
high avidity toward the water, so it is often found on the
banks of streams or surface water courses betraying
underground. Fast growing, can reach large sizes. Their
needs for nutrients are high.
The wood is of good quality despite being a kind of rapid
growth: grow good sites reaches more than 20 m per year. If
you followed a good silvicultural itinerary wood furniture at
low density, struts and flat sheet is intended; but its use is
the star of the industry of plywood. If you experience a
decrease in outstanding quality and does not meet the
demand of plywood, is intended to depreciate crushing
industry and the price per cubic meter. You can also mention
the use of timber as a support for paintings such as the
Mona Lisa.

PinoPinus halepensis

this tree can reach 25 m in height. The trunk is solid and

tortuous, reddish gray bark and irregular crown. Strobiles
reddish oval shape about 10 cm in length. Long needles
grouped 2 by 2, very flexible and slightly yellowish. Small
and pedunculated Pias. It is very resistant to aridity.
Dispatched by much of the western Mediterranean region,
although in the Iberian Peninsula mainly inhabits the eastern
sector. Growing, generally, to an elevation of 1,600 meters.


Like most conifers are evergreen, they can reach 20 m in

height with a diameter of about 60 cm. His demeanor is
pyramidal, rapid growth in the early years, after slowing and
possibly up to 300 years old. They have a straight trunk and
thin crust in which longitudinal cracks form. The leaves are
small (2-6 mm) flake, aligned in pairs opposite and
It blooms in late winter and in the same specimen male and
female flowers are produced; cones forming the male
greenish oval hanging from the tips of the branches. The
female is slightly spherical, consist of about 12 scales and to
develop become a globular glbulo 3x4 cm, green at first
turning to reddish brown at maturity.
Uses: The wood is light yellow-brown color, fine texture and
generally straight grain; is generally resinous and discard it
similar to cedar aroma. It is usually used for the construction
of boxes, and the best selections from it can also be used in
decorative boards, piles, turning, sheet metal guitars.

QueuaPolylepis incana


Polylepis besseri is a small tree, reaching a height of 1-8 m high,

has a reddish-brown bark, which desprendende into thin
sheets. The leaves are compound, with 1-3 pairs of leaflets;
these covered by trichomes, oval, obovate to circular, 1.4-4.9
cm x 1.8 to 7.9 cm, with whitish hairs on the underside; rachis
woolly. Stipular pods protruding at apex. Flowers and fruit go
unnoticed, as they are among the foliage. Perfect flowers. The
fruit is an achene, woolly, with variable number of spines.
The species has fisolgicas morofolgicas and adaptations to
the conditions of the high Andean zone at elevations above
3000 meters above sea level and extreme weather and night