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Informasi Umum

Komunikasi Data
dan
Jaringan Komputer
Teknik Elektro
Universitas Negeri Malang

Pengajar: Dr. Hakkun Elmunsyah, M.T.


Jadual:
Rabu: Jam ke 5 - 8

Prasyarat:
Mikroprosessor Lanjut (PTE460)

Bobot: 3 SKS

Komunikasi

Acuan

E-mail: elmunsyah@gmail.com
SMS. : 081215954429
WA: 08125206426
Ruangan: H5.201

Stallings, William. 2004. Data and Computer


Communications. Singapore. Prentice-Hall
Tomasi, Wayne. 2005. Introduction to Data
Communications and Networking. Singapore:
Pearson Education Asia.
http://www.cisco.com/web/learning/netacad/
index.html
Tidak semua bab digunakan & akan ada
tambahan acuan per topik sesuai kebutuhan.
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Penilaian

Tujuan

Ujian Tengah Semester (20%)


Ujian Akhir Semester (25%)
Tugas kelompok dengan anggota maksimal
orang (20%)
Tugas individu (20%)
Persentase kehadiran 80% (15%)

Memberikan pengetahuan dan keterampilan


kepada mahasiswa berkenaan konsep dan
aplikasi komunikasi data serta jaringan komputer.
Isu penting:
Perkembangan komunikasi data dan jaringan
komputer.
Sistem keamanan data dan evaluasi jaringan
komputer.
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Topik

Topik
1. Introduction
2. Transmisi data (konsep time domain, sinyal analog
dan digital, bandwidth, code dan control sinyal
data, dsb)
3. Difinisi dan terminologi serta klasifikasi jaringan
komputer
4. NOS
5. Model referensi dan protokol jaringan
6. Kompresi data (text, gambar dan video)
7. Jaringan terdistribusi
UTS

8.
9.
10.

Replication
Sistem keamanan data dan jaringan
Pengukuran kinerja jaringan beserta aspek-aspeknya.
UAS (termasuk tugas)

Oleh-oleh Pekan Ilmiah Mahasiswa

NETWORK
CABLING

TOPOLOGIES
Kegiatan PIMNAS 2014
There are three main local area network (LAN) topologies:

Bus
Star
Ring

Other network topologies include:

Mesh
Wireless

Chapter 2: NETWORK CABLING

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BUS TOPOLOGY

Chapter 2: NETWORK CABLING

The bus topology supports thick and thin coaxial


segments.
Segments are connected by repeaters.
The bus topology uses the baseband signaling method.
Signals are broadcast in both directions simultaneously.
Both ends of each segment require termination to
avoid reflection.
End systems connect to the segment in a linear manner.

Chapter 2: NETWORK CABLING

THICK AND THIN COAXIAL BUS

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The star topology can use coaxial, twisted pair, or fiber


optic cable.
A central device (hub) connects hubs and nodes to the
network.

Each node connects to its own dedicated port on the


hub.
Hubs broadcast transmitted signals to all connected
devices.
You can connect multiple hubs to form a hierarchical star
topology.

The star topology uses the baseband signaling method.

Chapter 2: NETWORK CABLING

A SIMPLE STAR TOPOLOGY

Chapter 2: NETWORK CABLING

STAR TOPOLOGY

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Chapter 2: NETWORK CABLING

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Each node connects to its own dedicated port on the


hub.
You can connect multiple hubs to form a larger ring.

The ring topology uses the baseband signaling method.


Frames are transmitted around the ring from node to
hub to node.
Media Access Control (MAC) is used for token passing.

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MESH TOPOLOGY

Chapter 2: NETWORK CABLING

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Typically uses fiber optic cabling for redundant wide area


network (WAN) links
Provides multiple paths to destinations for fault tolerance
Supports baseband and broadband signals
Requires an enormous amount of cable

Chapter 2: NETWORK CABLING

A RING NETWORK

The ring topology can use twisted pair or fiber optic


cabling.
A central device (hub) connects hubs and nodes to the
network.

Chapter 2: NETWORK CABLING

RING TOPOLOGY

A HIERARCHICAL STAR TOPOLOGY

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Chapter 2: NETWORK CABLING

ENTERPRISE MESH

Chapter 2: NETWORK CABLING

LAN MESH

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Chapter 2: NETWORK CABLING

Three cable types are used in LANs:


1) Coaxial
2) Twisted pair
3) Fiber optic

COAXIAL CABLE

Chapter 2: NETWORK CABLING

LAN CABLE TYPES

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THIN ETHERNET HARDWARE

Chapter 2: NETWORK CABLING

Chapter 2: NETWORK CABLING

AUI (ATTACHMENT UNIT INTERFACE) CABLE

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UNSHIELDED TWISTED PAIR


(UTP) CABLE

Chapter 2: NETWORK CABLING

Chapter 2: NETWORK CABLING

UTP CONNECTORS

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Categories and Classes


Category- specification for components cables,
patch panels, communication outlets
Class- specification for system application on full
channel
1) CAT5 / Class D
2) CAT6 / Class E
3) CAT6a / New Class E
4) CAT7 / Class F
5) CAT8 / Class G

Classes - Summary
A 100 kHz (voice)
B 1 MHz (ISDN)
C 16 MHz (Token Ring)
D 100 MHz (fast Ethernet, Gigabit Eternet)
E 200 MHz usage / 250 MHz testing
F 600 MHz usage / 750 MHz testing
G 1200 MHz usage / 1500 MHz testing

Categories -Summary

CAT3 10 Mbit, 16 MHz


CAT4 16 Mbit, 20 MHz
CAT5 10/100 Mbit, 100 MHz
CAT5E 10/100/1000 Mbit, 100 MHz
CAT6 10/100/1000 Mbit + 10Gbit 55m channel,
(STP), 250 MHz
CAT6A 10/100/1000 Mbit + 10Gbit UTP and STP, 500 MHz
CAT7 10/100/1000 Mbit + 10Gbit, 600 MHz)
CAT7A STP, Tera connector, 1 GHz
CAT8 SOHO, 1200 MHz, 50m channel

Categories and Protocols


10BaseT
100BaseT (4 pairs CAT4)
100BaseTX (2 pairs CAT5 pins 1,2 and 3,6)
1000BaseT (4 pairs CAT5E full duplex)
1000BaseTX (4 pairs CAT6 2 pairs Tx
and 2 pairs Rx)
10GBaseT (4 pairs CAT7 full duplex)
Maximum channel length 100m

Category 6
Standard ratified in 2002
Bandwidth 250 MHz
1GBit Ethernet
applications
Protocol running
1000BaseTx

Category 6a
Standard ratified in 2008
Augmented CAT6
Channel up to 100 m
Bandwidth 500 MHz
UTP and STP solutions
New cable design (Horizontal and patch cords)
Issues with Alien CrossTalk (AXT)

Full UTP/STP solutions

Category 7
Addressing broadband
applications such as Video
Standadized by ISO/IEC and
Cenelec (EN)
Bandwidth 600 MHz
STP solution only
Proposed connectors
Siemon Tera not compatible with RJ45
Nexans GG45

STRAIGHT THROUGH AND


CROSSOVER WIRING
Wiring within a twisted pair cable is configured as
either
1) Straight through, where each wire (or pin) is
attached to the same contact point at each end
2) Crossover, where transmit contacts on each end
of the cable are connected to the receive contact
at the other end

Chapter 2: NETWORK CABLING

CAT7 draft stage

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CROSSOVER WIRING

Chapter 2: NETWORK
CABLING

Chapter 2: NETWORK CABLING

STRAIGHT THROUGH WIRING

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Category 7 Connectors
NEXANS
New connector design
Two compliant interface
designs currently exist
Very little is installed, or
projected to be installed, over
the next two years

IEEE 802.3an - 10GBaseT


- GG45 Jack and GP45 Plug

Bandwidth 500 MHz


Can run on CAT6 systems but limited to 55m channel
IEEE says this is sufficient for 70% of 10Gbit
installations which are in Data Centers
On CAT6a systems full 100m channel

The Siemon Company - Tera

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STRAIGHT TIP (ST)


CONNECTOR

Chapter 2: NETWORK CABLING

Chapter 2: NETWORK CABLING

FIBER OPTIC CABLE

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The three basic LAN topologies are bus, star, and


ring. WLANs are becoming more popular. Mesh
networks are not typically used in LANs.
The primary cable types used in LANs are coaxial,
twisted pair, and fiber optic.

Diskusi Kelompok

Chapter 2: NETWORK CABLING

SUMMARY

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Diskusikan topologi yang digunakan di UM,


beri gambaran dan alasan topologi yang
digunakan tersebut.

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Topologi Jaringan Komputer UM


A1_Switch

A2_Switch

A3_Router

FIP_Router
KampusII_Router

A1A2_Router

Jardiknas
Inherent
Internet

Pasca_Router

FE_Router

Intranet
Kampus III

Perpustakaan_Router
Internet_GW
FS_Router
KampusII_Router
LPM_Router
Lemlit_Router

Intranet
Kampus II

FT_Router
LP3_Router
Asrama_Router

KPN_Switch
Klinik_Switch

Sakri_Router

FMIPA_Router

Backbone serat optik


STP Backbone Backup
Leased-line atau VPN

Intranet Kampus I

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