3 tayangan

Diunggah oleh physicsjournal

- Control of the Gravitational Energy by means of Sonic Waves
- 3 Plasma Reactors for Powder Modification
- Air Pollution in Delhi
- Earthing-IEEE80-Final.xls
- Quantum Mechanics
- Non Therma Plasma Preservation
- Material Science_V. Rajendran.pdf
- wa500-730_eng
- Fair Combined Ad No.07-2017
- How Everything Works
- Plasma Welding - 2017
- jounal
- SplitMourad
- N.A. Zavyalova and A.I. Lobanov- Computation of high temperature plasma dynamics in Z-pinches
- Electric Current
- 19660004006
- Y. C. Francis Thio- An Overview of High Energy Density Plasma (HEDP) Research in the U.S. Fusion Energy Sciences Program
- States of Matter 23-9-13
- states of matter
- 213126917-Acsr-Panther-Conductor-Sizing-xls-0.pdf

Anda di halaman 1dari 12

www.physics-journal.org

ISSN 2319-7617 (Online)

Abbr:J. Pure Appl. & Ind. Phys.

2014, Vol.4(2): Pg.57-68

Transverse Magnetic Field Under the Influence of

Radiative Cooling

R. K. Pensia1, Vishal Kumar2, G.S Kachawa2 and Ashok Patidar2

1

Department of Physics,

Govt. Girls P. G. College, Neemuch, M.P., INDIA.

2

Department of Physics,

Pacific University, Udaipur, INDIA.

(Received on: January 31, 2014)

ABSTRACT

This paper studies the effect of radiative condensation on Jeans

instability of self-gravitating dusty plasma in the presence of

transverse magnetic field. It is assumed that medium is made of

three component plasma having electrons, ions and charged dust

grains. The Ions are assumed to be inertialess and having infinite

large thermal conductivity. The electrons are also assumed to be

inertialess but having finite large thermal conductivity. The

external magnetic field is aligned along the z-direction. With the

help of linearized perturbation equations, a dispersion relation is

obtained. The dispersion relation is solved numerically and effect

of various factors on the growth rate of the instability is obtained.

It is found that the cooling effect of the system has a stabilizing

influence on the growth rate of instability.

Keywords: Magneto-acoustic, waves, transverse magnetic field.

1. INTRODUCTION

One of the most important

phenomena in astrophysical problem is

gravitational collapse of neutral dust grains

and since the first stability analysis given by

maximum rise of a uniform gravitating mass

which is stable to small fluctuations in

density. The increasing importance of dusty

plasma in relation to understand the

problems of star formation has attracted the

Journal of Pure Applied and Industrial Physics Vol.4, Issue 2, 30 April, 2014, Pages (57-98)

58

R. K. Pensia, et al., J. Pure Appl. & Ind. Phys. Vol.4 (2), 57-68 (2014)

interplanetary space is full of dust known as

interplanetary dust. The existence of

interplanetary dust particles was known

from the zodiacal light. The zodiacal light is

due to dust grains distributed throughout the

inner solar system, with the strong

contributions from the asteroid belt2. Dust

grains are massive and their sizes range

nanometers - millimeters. If the dust grains

are charged, the dynamical behavior selfgravitating mass is significantly modified

due to interplay between gravitational and

electrostatic forces.

The present study examines the

effect of radiative condensations on Jeans

instability of self-gravitating dusty plasma in

the presence of magnetic field. It is assumed

that plasma is extremely heated and thermal

loss due to radiative cooling of the electrons.

The phenomenon of thermal instability

arising due to heat-loss mechanism in dilute

plasma has been discussed by several

investigators [Field3, Dwivedi et al.4, Pandey

and Kumar5, Mamum6, Gupta et al.7 and

Bora and Talwar8]. Recently, Prajapati et al.9

have investigated the self gravitational

instability of rotating viscous hall plasma

with arbitrary radiative heat-loss functions

and electron inertia. Pensia et al.10 have

discussed the magneto-thermal instability of

self gravitating viscous hall plasma in the

presence of suspended particles. Kim and

Narayan11 have investigated the thermal

instability in clusters of galaxies with

conduction taking the role of effect of

radiative heat-loss function. Inutsuka et al.12

have studied the propagation of shock waves

in a warm neutral medium taking into

account radiative heating and cooling,

thermal conduction and viscosity terms.

importance of radiative effect in the Suns

upper radiative zone. Stiele et al.14 have

investigated the problem of clump formation

due to thermal instability in weakly ionized

plasma. Fukue and Kamaya15 have discussed

the problem of thermal instability

considering the effects of ion-neutrals

friction, radiative cooling functions and

magnetic field. Shadmehri and Dib16 have

investigated the thermal instability in

magnetized partially ionized plasma. To

study the interstellar gas dynamics it has

been established as a fact that the magnetic

field plays an important role in the star

formation and molecular cloud condensation

process. In the interstellar medium (ISM), a

large amount of energy is injected by the

stars, which leads to the formation of shock

waves, they become large amplitudes

hydromagnetic Alfven waves. Magnetic

field can provide pressure support and

inhibit the contraction and fragmentation of

interstellar clouds. The magnetic field

interact directly only with the ions, electrons

and charged grains in the gas. Collisions of

the ions with the predominantly neutral gas

in the clouds are responsible for the indirect

coupling of the magnetic field to the bulk of

the gas [Langer17]. Chhajlani and Parihar 18

have studied the magneto-gravitational

instability of self-gravitating dusty plasma.

Rao19 have studied the magnetoacoustic

modes in magnetized dusty plasma. Dwivedi

and Das20 have investigated the neutral

induced low frequency instability in weakly

ionized magnetized plasma. Mahanta et al.21

have discussed the dynamics of magnetized

gravitating dusty plasma. Recently, Pensia

et al.22 have discussed the role of magnetic

field in contraction and fragmentation of

Journal of Pure Applied and Industrial Physics Vol.4, Issue 2, 30 April, 2014, Pages (57-98)

R. K. Pensia, et al., J. Pure Appl. & Ind. Phys. Vol.4 (2), 57-68 (2014)

interstellar clouds. Thus the aim of the

present paper is to study the problem of

gravitational collapse of charged dust grains

and the plasma and the excessively heated

and thermal loss due to radiative cooling of

the electrons becomes important in the

presence of magnetic field.

From the above studies, we find that

magnetic field and the radiative cooling of

the electrons on the gravitational collapse of

the dust grains are the important parameters

to discuss the gravitational instability of

plasma. Thus, in the present problem we

investigate the effects of radiative cooling of

the electrons on the gravitational collapse of

the dust grains in the presence of the

magnetic field. It is assumed that radiative

cooling of the ions or dust grains due to this

process is negligible. For our convenience,

we have account the Jeans swindle for

studying the linear stability of infinitely

homogeneous dusty plasma system. Thermal

equilibrium of the electrons is achieved by

the balance of thermal conduction and

radiative cooling through the trace elements.

The analysis caries that the radiative cooling

suppresses the gravitational collapse through

acoustic stabilization terms.

2. BASIC EQUATIONS AND

STABILITY ANALYSIS

We consider a three-component

plasma having electrons, ions and charged

dust gains. In the realistic situation the size,

the mass and the charge of the dust grains

may have different values. The charge to

mass ratio of a dust particle may vary from

one grain to another but for simplicity it is

assumed that dust grains have uniform mass,

behave like point charges and neither break

up nor undergo collisions. For further

59

charge fluctuation. Our assumptions are

similar to those of the considered earlier by

Dwivedi3 and Tystovich and Havens23.

Consider a three-component fluid

model of dusty plasma consisting of

electrons, ions and charged dust particles

embedded in an external magnetic field. We

assume that the magnetic field is aligned

along the Z direction i.e.

r

(1)

B = B0 z

In general, the dust grains have

distributions in mass, size and charges with

variable changing time scales but we shall

assume here that the grain mass md is

constant. We shall also assume that the

grains confine themselves to fixed spherical

grains of radius a and charge qd. The selfgravitation for dust particles is considered by

taking Poisson equation. The selfgravitational contribution of electrons and

ions is not considered in the present analysis

because it is assumed that both ions and

electrons are inertia-less. It is assumed that

the ions have infinity large thermal

conductivity and, therefore, they are

considered to be in thermal equilibrium but

the

electrons

have

finite

thermal

2

conductivity K 2Vthe

/ e = 1 ,where

frequency and is the growth rate and

radiative cooling through the trace elements.

Consequently, the electrons are not in

thermal equilibrium.

The dynamics of the threecomponent fluid is governed by the

following equations. On the slow time scale

of the dust dynamics, the ions densities are

given by the Boltzmann distributions:

Journal of Pure Applied and Industrial Physics Vol.4, Issue 2, 30 April, 2014, Pages (57-98)

60

R. K. Pensia, et al., J. Pure Appl. & Ind. Phys. Vol.4 (2), 57-68 (2014)

ni = ni 0 exp( e / T i )

(2)

described by the following set of equations:

0 = ene pe

(3)

(4)

r

3 Te

+ pe.ve = 2Te L ( ne , Te )

ne

2 t

ne

r

+ . ( ne v e ) = 0

t

(5)

heat-loss due to radiative cooling respectively.

The dynamics of the dust grains is

described by the following set of equations:

r

r

qd

vd B

r

Dv d =

md

C

nd

r

+ . ( nd v d ) = 0

t

qd nd0 + eni0 ene0 = 0

(12)

electric field and the free energy is solely

due to gravitational field of the selfgravitating dust grains. However invoking

Jeans swindle, the zeroth order gravitational

field is assumed to play no role in the

equilibrium. Thus we consider the dusty

magnetized plasma characterized by

r

r

r

(13)

0 = 0, 0 = 0, v d0 = v e0 = vi0 = 0

Thermal equilibrium of the electrons is

described by the following equation

(14)

L ( n , T ) + 2T = 0

0

e0

e0

e0

3. PERTURBATION STATE

(6)

(7)

where

r

D=

+ v d .

(8)

t

denotes the convective derivative and

=

x +

y + z

(9)

x

y

z

Poisson equation for electrostatics and

gravitational fields are respectively given as

2 = 4 e ( ni ne ) + qd nd

(10)

2 = 4 Gmd ( nd nd0 )

(11)

total number density, velocity, mass and

temperature of the particle species (j- for

electron, i- for ion and d- for dust grain).

perturbed then, every variable Q(r,t) may be

expressed as

(15)

Q ( x, y , z , t ) = Q0 ( z ) + Q1 ( x, y , z , t )

Here Q stands for , , ni , ne , nd , e ,

where Q0 is the value of Q at t = 0 and Q1 in

an infinitesimal increment of Q due to

perturbation.

By the use of the expansion (15) for

the fluid model of the dusty plasma system,

the linearized perturbation equations are

given as

e l

ni1 = ni0

(16)

Ti

e T

nei = ne0 l el

Te0

Te

(17)

L

L

3 Tel

= 2Tel 0 nel 0 Tel (18)

ne0

t

ne0

Te0

2

Journal of Pure Applied and Industrial Physics Vol.4, Issue 2, 30 April, 2014, Pages (57-98)

R. K. Pensia, et al., J. Pure Appl. & Ind. Phys. Vol.4 (2), 57-68 (2014)

61

r

r r

Now substituting values of nil , nel

v dl

qd0

v dl B0

=

1

1

(19)

md

C

t

and ndl from equation (16), (17) and (26)

into the Poisson equation (21), we obtain

nd1

r

+ nd0.v dl = 0

following dispersion relation

(20)

t

1 = 4 e ( nil nel ) + qd ndl

(21)

2 1 = 4 G md ndl

(22)

4. DISPERSION RELATION

Let us assume that all the perturbed

quantities vary as exp (it + iK.r), where

is the frequency of harmonic disturbances

and K is wave number.

Using expression (23) and simplifying

equation (17) and (18) we obtain

(24)

Taking divergence of equation (19) and

using eq. (20) and eq. (22) we obtain

qd nd0 K 2 1

ndl =

(25)

m [ 2 + 2 i ]

d

where

d =

qd B0

md C

(26)

j2 = 4 Gmd nd0

2

= 4 qd2 nd0 / md , pd is the dust

where pd

1

(23)

1 L0

1 L0

3

= + iK2 iLt , Ln =

, LT =

Te0 ne0

ne0 Te0

2

(28)

where Cs is the dust acoustic speed and is

given by

2 2

depd

(29)

Cs =

ni0Te0

2 2

1 + K de +

ne0Ti

n e i L

nel = e0 1 1 n

Te0

where

Ln

1

2 + j2 d2 1 + i

( iLn ) K 2Cs2 = 0

ni0Te0

2 2

1 + K de +

ne0Ti

(27)

of the electron.

2

dispersion relation for a self-gravitating

magnetized dusty plasma incorporated

thermal

conductivity

and

heat-loss

mechanism. The second term in the square

bracket of this dispersion relation arises due

to thermal loss. In the absence of magnetic

field the dispersion relation (28) reduces to

Dwivedi et al.3. Thus, we find that magnetic

field parameter coupled together with dust

acoustic speed. In the present case we have

considered the effect of magnetic field on

the radiative condensation of self-gravitating

dusty plasma but Dwivedi et al.3 have not

considered these parameters. Thus, the

dispersion relation in the present analysis is

modified due to the inclusion of magnetic

field and the condition of Jeans instability of

Journal of Pure Applied and Industrial Physics Vol.4, Issue 2, 30 April, 2014, Pages (57-98)

62

R. K. Pensia, et al., J. Pure Appl. & Ind. Phys. Vol.4 (2), 57-68 (2014)

the presence of magnetic field. This is the

new finding, which was not obtained earlier

by Dwivedi et al.3 and Tystovich and

Havens23. It is also clear that on plotting the

growth rate of our present dispersion relation

et al.3, the growth rate of the instability will

be different in our present case due to the

presence of magnetic field. Thus, magnetic

field has an effect on the growth rate of

instability of the condition (33).

Figure 1. Variation of dust acoustic speed is plotted against the wave number with variying different

parameters.(a) with the variation in debye length of Electrons de.The values of pd, ni0/ne0 and Te0/Ti are

taken to be 1.0, 1.0 and 1.0 , respectively.(b) with the variation in dust plasma frequency pd.The values of

de, ni0/ne0 and Te0/Ti are taken to be 1.0, 1.0 and 1.0 respectively.(c) with the variation in number density

ratio ni0/ne0.The values of de, pd and Te0/Ti are taken to be 1.0, 1.0 and 1.0 , respectively.(d) with the

variation in particle temperature ratio Te0/Ti.The values of de, pd, and ni0/ne0 are taken to be 1.0, 1.0 and

1.0 , respectively.

Journal of Pure Applied and Industrial Physics Vol.4, Issue 2, 30 April, 2014, Pages (57-98)

R. K. Pensia, et al., J. Pure Appl. & Ind. Phys. Vol.4 (2), 57-68 (2014)

In the ISM, structure formation is

mainly due to the unstable modes, thus we

study the effects of debye length of

electrons, dust plasma frequency, the

number density and ratio of temperature of

electrons and ions on the dust acoustic speed

by choosing the arbitrary values of these

parameters in the present problem. The

variation of dust acoustic speed with wave

number for different values of various

parameters is shown in figure. 1(a) - (d).

Figure. 1(a) is plotted for the dust

acoustic speed (DAS) against the wave

number with variation of debye length of

electrons. We find that the dust acoustic

speed increases with increase in debye

length of electrons. The rate of increase in

dust acoustic speed with increasing debye

length at low value of wave number is very

high and these rates falls rapidly at high

value of wave number. Hence the debye

length of electron increases the dust acoustic

speed.

Similarly in figure. 1(b), we have

depicted the dust acoustic speed against

wave number for different values of dust

plasma frequency. From the curves we find

that the dust acoustic speed increases with

increase in dust plasma frequency and the

rate of increase in dust acoustic speed with

variation in dust plasma frequency is high

but fall of this rate at high value of wave

number is slow as compared to figure. 1(a).

In figure. 1(c) the effect of number density

on the dust acoustic speed is shown by

depicting the curves between Cs and K for

various values of number density of ions as

compared to number density of electrons.

We find that the dust acoustic speed

increases with increase in ratio of number

density of ions and electrons and the rate of

63

variation of ratio of two number densities

decreases rapidly as the wave number

increases. Hence the density of ions has

increasing influence on the dust acoustic

speed.

Figure. 1(d) depicts the influence of

ratio of temperature of two species i.e.

(Te0/Ti) on the dust acoustic speed by

showing the curves between Cs and K for

different values of (Te0/Ti). We find that the

dust acoustic speed increase with increase in

(Te0/Ti) and this rate with variations of

(Te0/Ti) decreases rapidly as the wave

number increases.

Hence the ratio of

temperature (Te0/Ti) has also increasing

influence on the dust acoustic speed.

From equation (28), particular cases

may be reduced as given follows, for

thermally non-conducting non-radiating,

self-gravitating and unmagnetized dusty

plasma d = 0, L= 0 and letting

i = , then dispersion relation (28)

becomes

(30)

2 + K 2Cs2 j2 = 0

4 G md nd0

K < Kj =

Cs2

(31)

criterion of instability for dusty plasma and

Kj is critical jeans wave number. The system

represented by equation (30) is unstable for

all the wave number K<Kj.

For unmagnetized self-gravitating

dusty plasma incorporating heat-loss term

and for our convenience, taking limit <<

Ln , LT , K2 dispersion relation (28) reduces

to

Journal of Pure Applied and Industrial Physics Vol.4, Issue 2, 30 April, 2014, Pages (57-98)

64

R. K. Pensia, et al., J. Pure Appl. & Ind. Phys. Vol.4 (2), 57-68 (2014)

K 2Cs2

+

j2 = 0

1

2

(32)

Ln

Ln + LT K 2

Equation (32) leads to monotonic instability

as

4 Gmd nd0 (1 )

K < K jl =

Cs2

(33)

and eq. (33), we find that Jeans instability is

modified due to heat-loss term of the dusty

plasma.

For a self-gravitating unmagnetized

plasma in the absence of dust grains. For our

convenience, taking limit Kde<<1 , we have

from eq. (28) as

2 L

= n + LT K 2

3 2

(34)

instability. For self-gravitating magnetized

dusty plasma in the absence of heat-loss

term, we have from eq. (28) as

2

2 + d2 + K 2Cs2 jd

=0

(35)

where

plasma incorporating heat-loss term and

taking limit << Ln , LT, K2 dispersion

relation (28) becomes

2 + d2 +

K 2Cs2

2

jd

=0

1

(37)

if K<Kj3

where

(1 ) 4Gm n 2

d d0

d

K j3 =

Cs2

(38)

that critical Jeans wave number is modified

by magnetic field and heat-loss term. The

dispersion relation (37) may be represented

in a non-dimensional from in terms of self

gravitation as

*2 + *2d +

K *2

1 = 0

1

(39)

where

the

various

non-dimensional

parameters are defined as

KCs

* =

, K* =

4Gmd nd0

4Gmd nd0 and

*d =

d

4Gmd nd0

1/ 2

4Gmd nd0 d2

K j2 =

Cs2

(36)

(36), it is obvious that the magnetic field

decreases the Jeans wave number. Thus, the

magnetic field stabilizes the dusty plasma

for transverse propagation.

various physical parameters on the growth

rate of unstable mode, we have performed

numerical calculations of the dispersion

relation (38) to locate the root of *

(growth rate) for several values of the

parameters. These calculations are plotted in

figure 2, 3 and 4.

Journal of Pure Applied and Industrial Physics Vol.4, Issue 2, 30 April, 2014, Pages (57-98)

R. K. Pensia, et al., J. Pure Appl. & Ind. Phys. Vol.4 (2), 57-68 (2014)

In figure 2, we have depicted the

non-dimension growth rate ( *) versus non

dimensional wave number (K*) for various

arbitrary values of ratio of derivative of

purely density - dependent heat loss function

to sum of derivatives of purely density dependent heat-loss function and purely

temperature - dependent heat-loss function

=Ln/ ( Ln + LT ) for thermally nonconducting medium (* = 0) in the presence

of magnetic field parameter kept constant

i.e. arbitrary value d*= .5. The curve

depicts for = 0, i.e. the density

independent heat-loss function, we find the

non-dimensional growth rate (*) rapidly

decreases with increase in non-dimensional

wave number (K*). Hence for thermally

non-conducting and density-independent

heat-loss function, the system tends towards

a more stable situation with increasing K*.

The curve for = 1 shows the influence of a

purely density - dependent heat - loss

function Ln*= 0.0, L*= 0.5, which increases

with increasing density. It is obvious that

for a purely density - dependent heat loss

and adiabatic medium, the non-dimensional

growth rate (*) rapidly increases with

increasing in non dimensional wave number

(K*). Hence the density dependent heat-loss

function has a destabilizing influence on the

growth rate of instability. The curves for

=1.5(LT*= 1.66, Ln*= 0.5) and =2(LT*=

0.25, Ln*= 0.5), which increases with

increasing density and with increasing

temperature are depicts the combined effect

of derivatives of density-dependent heat-loss

and temperature- dependent heat-loss

function. On the non-dimensional growth

rate against non-dimensional wave number

(K*) for an adiabatic medium. From these

65

growth rate (*) increases with increasing in

non-dimensional wave number (K*) but the

rate of growth is decreases with including

temperature dependent heat-loss and it is

further decreased by the increasing

temperature dependent LT*, which increases

with increasing temperature. From these

curves, we find that the density dependent

heat-loss has a destabilizing influence on the

growth rate of instability where as the

temperature -dependent heat-loss function

has a stabilizing influence on the growth rate

of instability.

*) is plotted against the non dimensional wave

number K* with variation in normalized radiative

heat-loss function (LT*, L*) i.e. the values of . The

values of constant parameters and d* are taken

to be 0.0 and 0.5, respectively.

dependent and temperature dependent heat

loss function, which increases with

increasing in density and decreases with

increasing in temperature are shown by

curves = 1(LT*= 1.0, Ln*= 0.5), =

2(LT*= .75, Ln*= 0.5). It is clear from the

Journal of Pure Applied and Industrial Physics Vol.4, Issue 2, 30 April, 2014, Pages (57-98)

66

R. K. Pensia, et al., J. Pure Appl. & Ind. Phys. Vol.4 (2), 57-68 (2014)

adiabatically, the non-dimensional growth

rate (*) decreases with increasing in nondimensional wave number (K*). It is

obvious that for an adiabatic medium the

system tends towards a more stable situation

with increasing K* and it is more effective

with the negative arbitrary value of LT*i.e.

(temperature - dependent heat loss function

decreases with increasing temperature).

figure 2 in the presence of magnetic field

parameter but in these curves, the initial

value of non-dimensional growth rate is

more than that of curves in figure 2.Thus

magnetic field parameter stabilizes the

system.

*) is plotted against the non dimensional wave

number K*with variation in the magnetic field d*.

The values of constant parameters and are

taken to be 0.0 and -1.0, respectively.

Figure 3. The growth rate (Positive real value of

*) is plotted against the non dimensional wave

number K* with variation in normalized radiative

heat-loss function (LT*, L*) i.e. the values of . The

values of constant parameters and d* are taken

to be 0.0 and 0.0, respectively.

non-dimensional growth rate (*) versus

non-dimensional wave number (K*) for

various arbitrary values of (the ratio of

derivative of purely density dependent heatloss function to sum of derivatives of purely

density-dependent heat-loss function and

purely temperature dependent heat-loss

function for an adiabatic system ( = 0) in

the absence of magnetic field parameter d*

= 0.0.The pattern of curves for = 0, 1, 2,

field parameter on the growth rate is shown

by depicting the curves between * and K*

for various value of d* for an adiabatic

medium ( = 0) with constant value of =

1(LT*= 1.0, Ln*= 0.5). It is clear from

curves that the non-dimensional growth rate

(*) decreases with increasing nondimensional wave number (K*) and this is

further decreases by increasing the value of

magnetic field parameter. Hence the

magnetic field has a stabilizing influence on

the growth rate of instability.

On analysing the critical Jeans

number relation (33), we find that the critical

Jeans wave number have influence of the

Journal of Pure Applied and Industrial Physics Vol.4, Issue 2, 30 April, 2014, Pages (57-98)

R. K. Pensia, et al., J. Pure Appl. & Ind. Phys. Vol.4 (2), 57-68 (2014)

ratio of purely density dependent heat loss

function to sum of purely density dependent

and temperature dependent heat-loss

function. The value of critical Jeans wave

number decreases with increasing density

dependent

heat-loss

function

which

increases with increasing in density.

CONCLUSIONS

In the present paper, we have

investigated the effect of radiative

condensation on Jeans instability of selfgravitating dusty plasma in the presence of

an external transverse magnetic field, it is

assumed that the fluid is a three component

plasma having electrons, ions and charged

dust grains. The ions and electrons are

assumed inertia less and the ions have

infinite large thermal conductivity but

electrons have finite thermal conductivity.

We have considered the quasineutral

equilibrium. In this equilibrium there is no

electric field and the free energy is solely

due to gravitational field of the selfgravitating dust grains. With the help of

relevant linearized perturbation equations of

the problem, a general dispersion relation is

obtained, which is modified due to the

presence of thermal conductivity parameter,

the derivative of density-dependent and

temperature dependent heat-loss function

magnetic field parameter and dust acoustic

speed. We find that the Jeans condition

remains valid but the expression of the

critical Jeans wave number is modified. It is

observed that the magnetic field decreases

the critical jeans wave number, thus the

magnetic field have a stabilizing influence

on the Jeans instability of the dusty plasma

for transverse propagation. Owing to the

inclusion of thermal conductivity the

67

adiabatic velocity of sound. We also find

that the thermal conductivity has a

destabilizing influence on the growth rate of

the system. The value of critical Jeans wave

number decreases with increasing the

parameter of thermal conductivity. It is also

found that critical Jeans wave number is

affected by density- dependent and

temperature dependent heat loss function.

The critical Jeans wave number decreases

with increasing the density-dependent heatloss function. Thus, the density-dependent

heat loss function destabilizes the system.

From the curves it is found that the

dust acoustic speed increases with increase

in Debye length of electrons and increase in

dust plasma frequency. In both the case the

rate of increase in dust acoustic speed at low

value of wave number and this rate falls

rapidly at high value of wave number. We

also find that the dust acoustic speed

increases with decrease in ratio of number

densities of ions and electrons,(ni0/ne0)

decrease in ratio of temperature of two

species (Te0/Ti) and the rate of increase in

dust acoustic speed at low K* and this rate

falls rapidly at high value of K*.

For the adiabatic system curves

shows that the growth rate decreases by

increasing the value of magnetic field

parameter, thus the magnetic field has a

stabilizing influence on the growth rate of

instability of the system in the transverse

direction. The growth rate increases with

increasing wave number for purely density

dependent heat-loss function (1), it is

obvious that purely density-dependent heatloss has a destabilizing influence on the

growth rate of instability of the system.

From the curves it is observed the combined

Journal of Pure Applied and Industrial Physics Vol.4, Issue 2, 30 April, 2014, Pages (57-98)

68

R. K. Pensia, et al., J. Pure Appl. & Ind. Phys. Vol.4 (2), 57-68 (2014)

effect of density dependent and temperaturedependent heat loss function affects the

growth rate of instability. The growth rate

of instability increases with increasing in

derivative of temperature-dependent heat

loss function which increases with

increasing in temperature of the system with

a constant value of density- dependent heatloss function. In the case of temperaturedependent heat loss function, which

decreases with increasing in temperature, the

growth rate decreases with increasing wave

number. Thus cooling effect of the system

has a stabilizing influence on the growth rate

of instability. Thus, radiative condensation

of magnetized dusty plasma plays an

important role in the process of gravitational

collapse.

REFERENCES

1. J.H. Jeans, Astronomy and Cosmogony,

Cambridge University Press, pp313

(1929).

2. P.K. Shukla and A.A. Mamun,

Introduction to dusty plasma physics,

Taylor and Francis, London, UK,

(2001).

3. G.B. Field , Astrophysics, J., 142, pp531

(1965).

4. C.B. Dwivedi, A. Kumar Singh,

Physica Scripta, 53, pp 760-762 (1996).

5. B.P. Pandey, S. Kumar, Pramana, 45, 6,

pp 561-567 (1995).

6. A.A Mamun, Physics of Plasmas, 5,

pp3542-3546 (1998).

7. M.R. Gupta, T. Kanjilal, B. Basu,

Astrophysics and space science, 176, pp

85-86 (1991).

B5, 3, pp 952-955 (1993).

9. R.P. Prajapati, R.K. Pensia, S.

Kaothekar, R.K. Chhajlani, Astrophys

Space Sci., 10509, pp -1/16 16/16

(2010).

10. R.K. Pensia,V. Ghorela, R.K. Chhajlani,

Acta Ciencia Indica, XXXV, 2, PP 141148 (2009).

11. W. Kim, R. Narayan, Astrophys. J., 596

pp889 (2003).

12. S. Inutsuka, H. Koyama, T. Inoue, AIP

Conf. Proc., 784, pp318 (2005).

13. K. Menou, A.S. Balbus, C.H. Spruit,

Astrophys. J., 607 pp564 (2004).

14. H. Stiele, H. Lesch, F. Heitsch, Mon.

Not. R. Astron. Soc., 372, pp862 (2006).

15. T. Fukue, H. Kamaya, Astrophys. J.,

669, pp363 (2007).

16. M. Shadmehri, S. Dib, Mon. Not. R.

Astron. Soc., 395 pp985 (2009).

17. W.D. Langer, Astrophysical Journal,

225 pp 95-106 (1978).

18. R.K. Chhajlani, A.K. Parihar, Astrophysical Journal, 422 pp 746-750

(1994).

19. N.N. Rao, J. Plasma Physics, 33, 3, pp

317-334 (1995).

20. C.B. Dwivedi, A.C. Das, Planetary and

Space Science, 40, 9, pp 1197-1201

(1992).

21. L. Mahanta, B.J. Saikia, B.P. Pandey, S.

Bujarbarua, Journal of Plasma Physics,

55, 3, pp 401-406 (1996).

22. R.K. Pensia, V. Kumar, V. Prajapat,

Ultra Scient Phys Sci, 22, 2, pp 253-258

(2010).

23. V.N. Tystovich and O. Havnes, Control

Fusion, 15, 267 (1993).

Journal of Pure Applied and Industrial Physics Vol.4, Issue 2, 30 April, 2014, Pages (57-98)

- Control of the Gravitational Energy by means of Sonic WavesDiunggah olehFran De Aquino
- 3 Plasma Reactors for Powder ModificationDiunggah olehSehati Fisika
- Air Pollution in DelhiDiunggah olehmagnetogrouppe
- Earthing-IEEE80-Final.xlsDiunggah olehAbhijit Mandal
- Quantum MechanicsDiunggah olehAshwin S Purohit
- Non Therma Plasma PreservationDiunggah olehMohammad Ishfaq Bhat
- Material Science_V. Rajendran.pdfDiunggah olehMichael Smith
- wa500-730_engDiunggah olehSay Goodbye
- Fair Combined Ad No.07-2017Diunggah olehwaleedrana786
- How Everything WorksDiunggah olehClaudemir Stenico
- Plasma Welding - 2017Diunggah olehSelvakpm06
- jounalDiunggah olehSunaina Nizam
- SplitMouradDiunggah olehmoab1974
- N.A. Zavyalova and A.I. Lobanov- Computation of high temperature plasma dynamics in Z-pinchesDiunggah olehCola7890
- Electric CurrentDiunggah olehBoreda Rahul
- 19660004006Diunggah olehBuddhi Dhamma
- Y. C. Francis Thio- An Overview of High Energy Density Plasma (HEDP) Research in the U.S. Fusion Energy Sciences ProgramDiunggah olehCola7890
- States of Matter 23-9-13Diunggah olehstudnt07
- states of matterDiunggah olehapi-245651870
- 213126917-Acsr-Panther-Conductor-Sizing-xls-0.pdfDiunggah olehRavindra Goyal
- Drift Velocity - Wikipedia, The Free EncyclopediaDiunggah olehdonodoni0008
- 0959-5309_59_6_309Diunggah olehVigneshwaran Murugan
- Metode IP 2.pptDiunggah olehFirdha Firdaus
- _Physics and Technology of the Phenomenon of Space Power Generation_ by Paramahamsa Tewari _ Journal of Borderland Research [Vol. 46, No. 3&4, May-August 1990]Diunggah olehfernando55763
- 1_Kazimierz.Conder_Batumi(1).pdfDiunggah olehDeni Shidqi Khaerudini
- GRAPHENANO´S CABLES MEASUREMENTS.docxDiunggah olehErtan Fidan
- The Relativelymlong Wavelengths of Visible Light2Diunggah olehMĕĭsűt Ōudzil
- Teoria Relativitatii Restranse Si Cum Se Manifesta in Viata de Zi Cu ZiDiunggah olehCarmenAnda
- Lecture-35.pdfDiunggah olehVenkatesh Prasad Boinapalli
- 1304.5379v1Diunggah olehLuis Ribeiro

- PHSV04I03P0127.pdfDiunggah olehphysicsjournal
- PHSV04I04P0163Diunggah olehphysicsjournal
- PHSV04I03P0133Diunggah olehphysicsjournal
- PHSV04I04P0159.pdfDiunggah olehphysicsjournal
- PHSV04I02P0079.pdfDiunggah olehphysicsjournal
- PHSV04I04P0149.pdfDiunggah olehphysicsjournal
- PHSV04I04P0155.pdfDiunggah olehphysicsjournal
- PHSV04I01P0043.pdfDiunggah olehphysicsjournal
- PHSV04I03P0111.pdfDiunggah olehphysicsjournal
- PHSV04I02P0075.pdfDiunggah olehphysicsjournal
- PHSV03I04P0273.pdfDiunggah olehphysicsjournal
- PHSV04I01P0039Diunggah olehphysicsjournal
- PHSV04I01P0001.pdfDiunggah olehphysicsjournal
- PHSV04I03P0143.pdfDiunggah olehphysicsjournal
- PHSV04I03P0099.pdfDiunggah olehphysicsjournal
- PHSV04I01P0009.pdfDiunggah olehphysicsjournal
- PHSV04I02P0069.pdfDiunggah olehphysicsjournal
- PHSV04I02P0093.pdfDiunggah olehphysicsjournal
- PHSV04I03P0119.pdfDiunggah olehphysicsjournal
- PHSV04I02P0087.pdfDiunggah olehphysicsjournal
- PHSV03I04P0265.pdfDiunggah olehphysicsjournal
- PHSV04I01P0051Diunggah olehphysicsjournal
- PHSV04I01P0021.pdfDiunggah olehphysicsjournal
- PHSV04I01P0035.pdfDiunggah olehphysicsjournal
- PHSV03I04P0291.pdfDiunggah olehphysicsjournal
- PHSV03I04P0283.pdfDiunggah olehphysicsjournal
- PHSV03I02P0162.pdfDiunggah olehphysicsjournal
- PHSV03I03P0205.pdfDiunggah olehphysicsjournal
- PHSV03I03P0221.pdfDiunggah olehphysicsjournal

- Karma Connection in Marriage.pdfDiunggah olehAavesh Tapde
- Astrology Audio notes of Shri Narsimha Rao- Part IIDiunggah olehsvsinhar
- Kakshya TransitDiunggah olehPrasad Ede
- Maps of the WorldDiunggah olehEn Mahaksapatalika
- The Blue Mountains UFO Research Club Newsletter - May 2010Diunggah olehRex and Heather Gilroy
- Newtonian Studies - Alexandre KoyreDiunggah olehaemerlo
- Tugas Bahasa InggrisDiunggah olehFitrah AlAmir
- #General Knowledgesas234Diunggah olehlinuxmani
- Ayreon LyricsDiunggah olehDarkSlumber
- Spell of ChristmasDiunggah olehRog Don
- Raphael Bousso and Andrew Chamblin- Patching up the No-Boundary Proposal with virtual Euclidean wormholesDiunggah olehGijke3
- tmp95F6.tmpDiunggah olehFrontiers
- Mystery of Bermuda TriangleDiunggah olehAb Reddy
- Vaden Drive to Gallows Road Segment 3, Sheet 2 April 2017Diunggah olehCarl Radle
- Langley Aero EngineDiunggah olehAviation/Space History Library
- Back of the Envelope BkltDiunggah olehtritile
- Sameer Deepika AstroDiunggah olehKashyap Kanhaiya
- Mahalvah Lou Ruiz World Music Sept 19,2017Diunggah olehCremona Wilhem Yamaha
- 03 Transmission of Heat Practice ProblemDiunggah olehAkash Ghosh
- Investigating the Earth and the Universe Year 5Diunggah olehadleenshaz
- KP EZine 128 September 2017Diunggah olehgunjanthakur
- List of Space Observatories - Wikipedia, The Free EncyclopediaDiunggah olehJesse Dunn
- Color Associations and SymbolismDiunggah olehsachinbajpai15
- moon phase webquest 2016-study guideDiunggah olehapi-260817414
- Scince Question and AnswersDiunggah olehakhil896
- Nickel DepositsDiunggah olehNorman Ong
- How to Write a ScreenplayDiunggah olehDabhekar Shreepad
- Know All About Rising Sign (Lagna) Ascendant - ScorpioDiunggah olehDr. Shanker Adawal
- Hebrew Medical AstrologyDiunggah olehTIHAN EUSEBIU
- Datum Transformations of GPS PositionsDiunggah olehgordon_greene