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PROGRAMME COMPONENTS: AUTO-ELECTRICIANS

Course
Foundation courses
code
Foundation courses
Worker / staff
Acquire and apply good:
Management
team building techniques
customer relations techniques
Work,
Interpret relevant safety codes and standards
housekeeping
Understand the need to adhere to stated precautions
and
safety while handling tools, equipment and vehicles
practices
Practice good house-keeping
Acquire basic first aid and fire-fighting skills
Basic metrology Identify ISO and other standards of measurement
Accurate measurement of selected components
Calibrate selected measuring instruments
Estimate cost of designed / fabricated components and
Costing and
assemblies
estimation
Accurately estimate cost of workmanship

Entrepreneurship Become acquainted with [possibly prepare] basic


business plans / proposals
Core courses
Automotive
Electricals
Automotive
Electronics I
Automotive
Electronics II
Troubleshooting
Costing and
estimation
Automotive
technology

Principles of
supervision

Read and interpret manuals / prepared assembly


drawing of electrical parts
Diagnose and rectify defects on the automotive
electronic system

Mode of
teaching

Theory
and
practical

Practical

Write up
AUTOMOTIVE ELECTRICALS
General Objectives
At the end of the module, students should.
1.0
2.0

understand and explain engine electrical system- (-ignition, charging, starting


systems)
understand and explain vehicle electrical system- (-lighting, battery, auxiliary
circuits)

Performance Objectives
1.0

Engine Electrical system

1.1

List and explain the functions of ignition system.

1.2

Sketch and explain the layout of coil ignition system.

1.3

Explain the operating principles of magneto ignition system


rotor magneto
flywheel magneto

1.4

List and explain the functions of the main components of a coil ignition system

1.5

Explain the principle of self and mutual induction

1.6

Explain the operating principles of a coil ignition system.

1.7

Describe the construction and operation of ignition coils


i.
ii.
iii.

conventional coil
low inductance coil
igniter

1.8

Describe the construction and operation of capacitor (condenser)

1.9

Describe the construction and operation of distributor contact breaker.

1.10

Describe the construction, operation and drive systems of the distributor shaft.

1.11

Define and explain dwell and dwell angle

1.12

State and explain the effects of incorrect dwell (cam) angle on engine performance

1.13

Explain the purpose and operation of cold start ballast resistors.

1.14

Explain the need for advance spark timing

1.15

Describe the construction and operation of mechanical centrifugal advance and retard
mechanism.

1.16

Describe the construction and operation of manifold vacuum advance and retard
mechanisms.

1.17 Describe the construction and operation of spark plugs.


1.18 Describe the main features of spark plugs which affect their suitability for particular
engine (hot and cold plugs).
1.19

State and explain methods of determining the polarity of spark plugs.

1.20

State and explain the effect of incorrect plug polarity.

1.21

State and explain factors affecting the voltage required to produce a spark.

1.22

Explain the dimensions, selection, heat resistance of a spark plug gap,.

1.23

Describe the radio-frequency interference / suppression arrangements in common use.

1.24

Explain the significance of ignition timing

1.25

Describe and explain the procedure of static ignition timing

1.26

Describe methods of timing using timing light and stroboscopic lamp

1.27

Describe the construction and operation of transistor assisted ignition system.

1.28

State and explain the common ignition faults together with causes, symptoms and
remedies.

1.29

Explain the principles of the charging system

1.30

Explain the need for the charging system

1.31

Describe the layout and operation of the charging system (-using charging circuit
diagrams)

1.32

Describe the construction and the operation of D.C generators

1.33

Describe the method of rectification used with D.C generators

1.34

Describe the construction and operation of D.C generator voltage and current output
control (voltage and current regulators) and cut out.

1.35

Describe the construction and operation of A-C generators (Alternators)

1.36

Describe the method of rectification used in Alternators

1.37

Describe the construction and operation of voltage regulators used on Alternators,


including vibration contact types and transistorized control.

1.38

Explain why special care is needed when fitting and removing an alternator.

1.39

Describe methods of determining alternator output

1.40

Describe the operation of ignition warning light circuit

1.41

State and explain the function of the starter motor.

1.42

Explain the basic principle of operation of starter motors

1.43

Describe the general layout of a starter system

1.44

Sketch and describe starter motor field windings such as:i.


ii.
iii.
iv.

Shunt wound DC motor


Series wound DC motor
Compound wound DC motor
Permanent magnet DC motor

1.45

Describe the construction and operation of inertia engagement starters.

1.46

Describe the construction and operation of pre-engaged starters.

1.47

Describe the construction and operation of permanent magnet starters

1.48

Describe the construction and operation of heavy vehicle starters such as


Axial (sliding armature)
Co-axial (sliding gear)

1.49

Describe starter drives using planetary gear train to increase torque.

1.50

Describe the construction and operation of overrunning clutch

1.51

Describe the methods of testing starter motors for correct operation on the vehicle

1.52

List and discuss symptoms and causes of common starter motor faults.

2.0

Vehicle Electrical systems

2.1

State and explain the function of the battery.

2.2

Describe the constructional features of conventional low-maintenance and


maintenance free types of lead acid batteries.

2.3

Describe modern lead acid battery such as sealed types.

2.4

State and explain the following battery characteristics


i.

Ampere hour capacity

ii.
iii.
iv.
v.
vi.
vii.
2.5
2.6
2.7
2.8
2.9
2.10
2.11
2.12
2.13
2.14
2.15
2.16
2.17

Reverse capacity
Capacity determining factors
Internal resistance
Self discharge
Cold cranking amps
Electrolyte

State and explain the composition of the plates in the charged and discharged sate.
State and explain the effect of charging and discharging on the electrolyte density
State the composition of the electrolyte for lead acid battery
Explain and describe the procedure in charging the lead acid battery by workshop
equipment
Describe methods of preparation and test of electrolyte using hydrometer
State and explain the safety reasons why acid is added to water when mixing electrolyte.
Explain the use of high rate discharge tester in testing the condition of lead-acid battery
Explain how to determine polarity of battery terminals
State and explain the importance of terminal polarity when connecting a battery to a
vehicle
State and explain when, why and how a terminal is disconnected during work on a
vehicle
List and explain the precautions taken when fitting a charged battery to a vehicle
List and explain personal safety precaution related to the handling of a battery
List and explain the methods used to neutralize acid contact with:Human skin
Eyes
Clothing
Vehicle body work

2.18

Describe the following types of battery connectors:Die cast helmet plug


Clamp lug
Quick release screw on terminal
Eyehole lug

2.19

State and explain relative electrolyte density readings for charge and discharged
lead acid cells.

2.20

Describe methods used to resist battery terminal corrosion

2.21

Describe the constructional features of alkaline batteries used for vehicle


applications

2.22

Explain the composition of fuel cells and how it generates electricity

2.23

Describe the constructional features of sodium sulfur battery.

2.24

Describe maintenance procedure for lead acid and alkaline batteries.

2.25

Describe the procedure for jump starting a vehicle

Lighting
2.26

Explain the need for lighting system for the motor vehicle

2.27

Identify obligatory and supplementary lights

2.28 Explain the function of lamps grouped under


i. side and rear lamps
ii. Main driving lamps
iii. Rear fog (lamps)
iv. Auxiliary driving lamps
v. reversing lamps
vi. Brake lights
vii. Interior light
viii. Instrument panel lights
ix. Directional indicators and hazard warning lights
2.29. Sketch and explain a typical lighting circuit incorporating fuses and relays.
2.30. Explain the main features and essentials of lighting circuit.
2.31. State and explain the purpose of each part of a head lamp unit:
i. Reflector
ii. Lens
iii.Bulbs
2.32 Describe the construction of headlamps and filament lamps

2.33 Distinguish between tungsten filament quartz halogen, pre focus, double
filament and sealed beam and double reflector types of lighting unit.
2.34 Explain the need of dipping facility on the head lamp beam.
2.35 Explain the method employed to reduce dazzle on two and four headlamp installations.
2.36 Explain the circuits of auxiliary driving lamps such as fog lamps, spot lamps,
number plate, reversing lamp and interior lights.
2.37 Explain the importance of head lamp alignment
2.38 Describe the processes for setting head lamps with special equipment and without special
equipment (i.e adjustment and focusing of headlamps)
2.39 Explain maintenance requirements of the lighting system
2.40 Describe the construction and operation of the following electric horns:
i. High frequency
ii. Wind tone
iii. Air horn
2.41 Sketch and explain horn circuit with relay
2.42 Explain the need for directional indicators and hazard warning systems
2.43 Sketch and explain directional indicator circuit
2.44 Describe the construction and operation of the following types of flasher unit
i. thermal
ii. capacitor
iii. electronic
2.45 Sketch and explain hazard warning circuit
2.46 Explain the need for wind screen wipers and washers
2.47 Describe the construction and operation of wiper motors of
i.
Single speed
ii.
Two-speed operation
iii. Ram sensor wiping system
2.48 Describe the construction and operation of wiper mechanical drive systems such as
Link

Flexible rack.
2.49 Describe the layout, construction and operation of windscreen washer system
2.50 Explain the function of a fuse
2.51 Explain the function of fusible link and identify its location
2.52 Explain the reasons why a fuse blows
2.53 Explain the methods used to classify cable size
2.54 Explain the reasons for colour coding of cables.

BASIC ELECTRONICS
GENERAL OBJECTIVE
At the end of the module, the students should be able to understand Basic Electronic principles,
units, their functions and operation

Performance Objectives
1.0

Basic Electronics

1.1

Describe the structure of an atom

1.2

Explain the interlocking of valence electrons and define a free electron

1.3

Define the properties of semi-conductors in relation to conductors and insulators

1.4

Recognize the crystal structure of intrinsic (pure) silicon and germanium

1.5

Explain simply the structure of p type and n- type semiconductors

1.6

Describe how a barrier potential is formed across p-n junction

1.7

Draw p-n junction connected in

i.
ii.
1.8

reverse bias mode indicating current flow in the diode and the external circuit
forward bias mode, indicating current flow in the diode and the external circuit
Measure the current flow through a p-n junction connected in,

i.
ii.
1.9

reverse bias mode


forward bias mode
Sketch the static characteristics for a diode

1.10

Compare typical static characteristics for germanium and silicon diodes

1.11

State simple applications for the available range of:

i.
ii.
iii.
1.12

power diodes
zener diodes
signal diodes
Draw circuit diagrams to produce half wave and full-wave rectification using a p-n
junction diode

1.13

Measure the effects of inserting a smoothing capacitor into the circuit of 1.12

1.14

Describe the operation of a circuit which uses zener diode voltage stabilization

1.15

Describe the purposes and uses of simple filters

1.16

Describe the effect known as thermionic emission

1.17

Label a diagram of a directly heated triode valve, and describe the application of the
valve

1.18

Label a diagram of an indirectly heated triode valve and describe the operation of the
valve

1.19

Sketch a test circuit diagram for determining the anode characteristics of a thermionic
diode

1.20

Plot and describe typical anode characteristics

1.21

Compare the merits of thermionic and semi-conductor diode as rectifiers

1.22

Explain the characteristics and application of Light emitting diode (LED)

1.23

Explain how the transistor is formed

1.24

Explain the operation of a transistor as a switching device and as an amplifier

1.25

Explain the operation of power transistors such as Darlington pair etc

1.26

Explain the characteristics of a photo-transistor

1.27

Explain the characteristics and operation of thyristor (Reverse blocking triode or siliconcontrolled rectifier)

1.28

Describe the operation of unipolar transistors such as:


-

Field effect transistor (FET)

Metal oxide semiconductor transistor (MOST)

1.29

Explain the difference between analogue and digital signals

1.30

Review Boolean algebra.

1.31

Explain logic gates such as:


-

AND

OR

NOR

NAND

NOT

1.32

Explain combinational and sequential logic

1.33

Explain the formation of Integrated circuits and explain their applications

1.34

Explain the following logic families


-

Transistor-transistor logic

Emitter-coupled logic

Complimentary metal oxide semiconductor logic

Explain Bistables, flip-flops, astables and monostables, and their applications


1.2
i.
ii.

Describe electric counters:


divide-by-two counter
ripple-through counter

AUTOMOTIVE ELECTRONICS I
General Objectives
At the end of the module, students should.
1.0

understand principles of operation and application of sensor and actuators in engine and
vehicle electronic control systems

2.0

understand micro computer application in automotive engine systems such as


i.

Electronic carburetors

ii.

Electronic fuel injection system

iii.

Electronic diesel control

iv.

Electronic charging control

v.

Electronic ignition

3.0

understand engine management systems

Performance Objectives:
1.0

Sensor and Actuators

1.1

State and explain the function of electronic sensors

1.2

Describe the principle of operation of active (self-generating) and passive (modulating)


sensors.

1.3

Describe the operating principles of pressure sensors such as

i.
ii.
iii.
iv.
v.
1.4
1.5
i.
ii.
iii.
iv.
v.
vi.
1.6
1.7
i.
ii.
iii.
1.8
1.9
i.
ii.
1.10
1.11
1.12
1.13
1.14
1.15
1.16
i.
ii.
1.17

variable resistor potentiometer


variable inductance
variable differential trans former
strain gauge and piezo resistive
capacitor capsule
Describe the applications of pressure sensors
Describe the operating principles of position sensors such as
magnetic variable reluctance
magnetic d.c excited inductive
magnetic hall effect
magnetic reed switch
optical and fiver optics
capacitance
Describe the applications of position sensors on the vehicle
Describe the operating principles of air flow sensors such as
hot wire
flap type
aneroid MAP (manifold absolute pressure)
Describe the applications of flow sensors
Describe the operating principles of temperature sensing such as
thermistor
thermocouple
Describe the operating principles of oxygen sensor and its application
Describe the operating principle of lambda sensor and its application
Describe the operating principle of knock sensor and its application.
State and explain the function of actuators.
Describe the operating principles of linear solenoid actuator
Describe the applications of solenoid actuators.
Describe the operating principles of liner motors such a
moving winding
moving magnet (moving field)
Describe the operating principles of rotary actuators such as stepper motors of the type
i.
Permanent magnet (p.m)
ii. Hybrid

1.18

Describe the applications of stepper motors

2.0

Electronic Control Systems

2.1

Explain the metering requirements of carburetor engine

2.2

Explain the functions of electronic control unit (control module)

2.3

Explain the functions and operation of an electronic carburetor in the control of:

i.
Cold starting
ii. Speed
iii. Fuel cut-off
iv.
Mixture control
2.4
Explain the need for electronic control of fuel injection systems
2.5 Describe and explain multi-point and single point (throttle body) injection system
2.6
Describe and explain the layout of D-jetronic electronic and L.E. Jetronic fuel injection
system
2.7
Describe the operation o the fuel injection system under the following:
i.
fuel system
ii.
air induction system
iii.
electronic control functions
iv.
injection corrections
2.8
Describe the layout and operation of electronic diesel control system
2.9
Explain the parameters controlled in an alternator by electronic system
2.10 Explain the layout and operation of electronic voltage regulator of alternators
2.11 Describe the layout of breakerless electronic ignition
2.12 Explain the advantages of electronic ignition system
2.13 Describe the construction and operation of pulse generators such as inductive, hall and
optical types
2.14 Describe the operation of control modules such as inductive storage and capacity
discharge types.
2.15 Describe the operation of electronic ignition of the capacity discharge types
2.16 Describe the construction and operation of electronic spark advance (ESA)
2.17 Describe the principle of operation of distributor less ignition
2.18 Describe the general principle and control of direct ignition systems
3.0

Engine Management systems

3.1

Explain principle of engine management system

3.2

Explain system function, performance and system modeling

3.3

Describe the following open-loop control systems,


i. ignition timing control

ii. Fuel mixture control


iii. Combined ignition and fuel supply systems
iv. Use of engine maps and look up tables
3.6

Describe the operation of closed loop engine control systems including


i. ignition Control
ii. Closed loop dwell angle control
iii. Fuel control

3.7

Explain the operation of exhaust emission control including:i. catalytic converters


ii. Exhaust gas re-circulation (EGR)

AUTOMOTIVE WORKSHOP PRACTICES III


GENERAL OBJECTIVE
At the end of the module students should be able to demonstrate the skills of repairs and
inspection of:
1.0

automotive Electrical system

2.0

braking systems

3.0

compression Ignition Engines

Performance objectives
1.0

Automotive Electrical systems

1.1

Diagnose electrical system faults using test lamps, multimeters etc.

1.2

Check headlamp alignment

1.3

Dismantle, examine, assemble and test alternators .Check output of alternators.

1.4

Dismantle, examine, various starter motors and their drives

1.5

Check ignition systems for correct operation:


Coil ignition
Electronic ignition

1.6

The use of stroboscopic lamp to test ignition timing

1.7

Check vehicle wiring system for open and short circuits

1.8

Check vehicle auxiliary electrical systems for correct operation

1.9

Report on work done

2.0

Braking system

2.1

Examination of a simple brake system

2.2

Overhaul complete hydraulic braking system

2.3

Dismantle, inspect and assemble disc and drum brake assemblies

2.4

Dismantling, examination and reassembly of a disc brake caliper unit

2.5

Servicing a master cylinder and wheel cylinder for a hydraulic brake system

2.6

Bleed braking system

2.7

Adjust drum brakes

2.8

Adjust hand brakes

2.9

Examine different types of brake servo units

2.10 Study a complete Air Brake system to determine relative positions and functions of
components.
2.11

Functional checks and adjustment of Air-Brake system components

2.12

Examine disc and drum distortions and their effects on the brakes.

2.13 Report on work done

3.0

Compression Ignition Engines

3.1

Examine the layout of Compression Ignition Engine fuel system

3.2

Examine In-line and distributor fuel injection pumps

3.3

Dismantle, examine and test injectors for correct operation

3.4

Phasing and calibration of In-line injection pumps

3.5

Report on work done.

AUTOMOTIVE ELECTRONICS II
GENERAL OBJECTIVES
At the end of module students should,
1.0

understand micro computer applications in vehicle motion control such as ABS, Traction
Control and Automatic gearbox control.

2.0

understand electronic display for automotive instrumentation and vehicle condition


monitoring systems (Driver information system)

3.0

understand micro computer application in wiring and electronic control of auxiliary


electrical systems

4.0

understand electronic control system diagnostics (O.B.D.I. and OBD II)

Performance Objectives

1.0

Vehicle motion control

1.1

Describe the layout and operation of cruise control systems

1.2

Describe the layout and operation of anti skid brake system (ABS), Electronic brake
Distribution, Load sensing and bypass valve.

1.3

Describe the layout an operation of traction control system

1.4

Describe the lay out and operation of electronic control of automatic transmission, control
of gear shift and torque lock - up

2.0

Electronic display for automotive instrumentation and vehicle condition monitoring

2.1

Explain the primary function of visual display

2.2

Explain active and passive display systems

2.3

Explain the principle of operation of the following electronic display systems:


i.

Light emitting diode (LED)

ii. Vacuum fluorescent display (VFD)


iii. Light crystal display (LCD)
iv. D. D. Electroluminescence (DCEL)
v. Cathode ray tube (CRT)
2.4
2.5

Describe various forms of driving display system (multiplexed)


Explain the principle of vehicle condition monitoring using sensors in monitoring
i. bulb failure module
ii. brake lining war
iii. fluid levels brake, coolant and engine oil

2.6
2.7
2.8

Describe graphic display units


Explain the principle of trip computer to compute average speed, fuel used, estimated time
arrival etc.
Describe the construction and operation of electronic speedometers.

3.0

Wiring and electronic control of auxiliary system

3.1

Discuss the limits of the conventional wiring system

3.2

Explain the principle of multiplex wiring system

3.3

Explain the use of multiplex data bus

3.4

Describe the layout and operation of a multiplex control system e.g. rear window heating
system.

3.5

Describe the electronic control of windscreen wipers

3.6

Describe the functional requirements of central locking system

3.7

Describe the operation of door lock actuators.

3.8

Describe door locking circuit and remote operation

3.9

Describe the operation of electric window

3.10 Describe the operation of electrical movement of seats, mirrors and sun roof operation
3.11 Explain the operation of air bag system for driver and passenger safety.
3.12 Describe the layout and operation of electronic climate control

4.0

Electronic control system diagnostics

4.1

Explain and discuss maintenance and fault diagnosis of engine and vehicle management.
system connector problems

4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
4.7
4.8
4.9

Self diagnosing systems


Self diagnosis by light signal
Discuss how to carry out trouble shooting on electronic systems
Explain the concept of on board diagnostic systems (self diagnosis)
Demonstrate the use of scanners and multimeters in maintenance of electronic equipment
Explain the concept of computer trouble codes
Explain the function and location of diagnostic connectors.
Describe and explain the process of checking and clearing diagnostic codes.
Explain the method of symptom simulation.
Demonstrate the use of intelligent testers, Consult II, MUT II etc.

5.0

Chassis Electrical Systems

5.1

Describe the principle, layout and operation of Active Suspension system- load sensor,

displacement and vertical acceleration sensor. Driver mode selection.


5.2

Describe the principle, layout and operation of electric power steering.

5.3

Describe the principle. Layout and operation of Electronic clutch.

5.4

Describe the principle, layout and operation of Active Roll Reduction.

5.5

Describe the principle, layout and operation of Electronic Limited Slip differential.

5.6

Explain the concept of Total Vehicle Dynamics.

5.7

Describe the principle, layout and operation of In Car Entertainment and


Communications.

5.8

Explain sources and methods of radio and television suppression.

5.9

Explain the concept of vehicle security systems,- descriptions of basic and top of the range
systems.

5.10 Describe the principle, layout and operation of Security Coded Control units.
5.11

Explain the concept of Adaptive Noise Control

5.12

Explain the concept of Obstacle Avoidance Radar.

WORKSHOP ORGANISATION AND ADMINISTRATION II


GENERAL OBJECTIVES
At the end of the module, students should
1.0

understand and explain workshop control procedures

2.0

appreciate costing in the motor vehicle repair shop

3.0

understand insurance and accident repair procedure

4.0

explain how to evaluate service equipment

Performance Objectives
1.0

Workshop Control

1.1

Describe a workshop progress and control system for a vehicle, from the time of its
arrival for repair at the reception to the point at which it is collected

1.2

Describe the role of the foreman / first line supervisor in a repair workshop

1.3

List the major problems which affect the achievement of production targets and describe
how these may be overcome.

1.4

Describe the scope, limitations and validity of a typical manufacturers warranty

1.5

Describe the procedures involved in dealing with a warranty claim

1.5.1

Identify the possible causes and the effects of failure to co-ordinate activities within and
between reception, servicing and parts department

1.6

Describe methods of dealing with customer service activities, complaints, delays and
countermeasures.

1.7

Outline the hazards associated with vehicle repair workshops and the precautions that
should be observed to avoid injury and ill health

1.8

Explain the appropriate methods of disposal of workshop waste.

2.0

Costing

2.1

Identify the main elements in calculating retail labour rates

2.2

State the meaning of fixed and variable direct and indirect costs

2.3

Analyse a typical break-even chart for a service workshop

2.4

Outline the use and assess the limitations of manufacturers time schedules in
establishing labour cost

2.5

Describe the basic principles involved in accident and insurance costing

2.6

Describe how a customers invoice is produced for a specified repair job

2.7

Describe how vehicles must be valuated.

2.8

Describe Management of Credit Control for Credit customers and assessment of credit

worthiness of customers and calculation of credit limits.

3.0

Insurance and Accident Repair Procedure

3.1

Identify main areas of risk which in the course of business should be insured against

3.2

Define and explain the terms,

3.3
3.4

assurance and insurance


utmost good faith
policy excess, policy endorsement, policy restriction
satisfaction note (i.e. clearance note / completion note / collection note)
Describe the procedure to be followed prior to commencing insurance repair work
Prepare an estimate for a specified accident repair job

4.0

Service Equipment

4.1

Describe the principles involved in budgeting for the purchase of equipment

4.2

Explain the procedure for evaluating the relative merits of specialist equipment

4.3

Explain the procedure involved in the inspection and maintenance of equipment/tools.

4.4

Evaluate the merits of planned maintenance of specialized equipment

4.5

Outline the procedures for periodically checking the condition of service tools used in the
workshop

4.6

Outline the equipment necessary to maintain an accident recovery and repair service

4.7

Describe Environmental Impact Assessment on Garage operations:

4.8

Waste disposal
Speed limits
Safety wear, etc.

Discuss the issuance of FTR to manufacturers of vehicles.

MANAGEMENT ACCOUNTING AND FINANCE


General Objective
At the end of the module, students should
1.0

have knowledge in business economics

2.0

work out company finance and accounts.

3.0

have knowledge of budgeting and profit planning

4.0

have knowledge of sources of finance

5.0

have knowledge of business management

Performance Objectives

1.0

Business Economics

1.1

Describe the structure and capital requirement of sole traders, partnerships and limited
companies

1.2

Describe the financial flow cycle in terms of funds generation, capital and revenue
expenditure and profit maximization.

1.3

Explain the meanings of fixed costs, variable cost, revenue, contribution, marginal costs
and break-even point

1.4

Explain the purpose of company documents such as Memorandum of Association,


Articles of Association, and Company Prospectus.

2.0

Company Finance and Accounting

2.1

Explain the terms revenue expenditure, capital expenditure, capital employed, working
capital, fixed assets, current assets, debtors and creditors, capital / revenue reserve.

2.2

Describe the sources of company finance which should include banking facilities;
merchant banks finance corporations and private funds (Overdraft, loans, trade credit
short term/medium term etc)

2.3

Describe the various electronic systems of banking- ATM, Debit Card, E-banking etc.

2.4

State the functions of Standing order payment, transfers, cheque guarantee cards, credit
and bankers draft.

2.5

Describe the functions of the Stock Exchange, discount and finance houses.

2.6

Explain the meaning of floating of shares and a dividend.

2. 7

List the main systems used in accounting

2.8

Describe double entry book-keeping system.

2.9

Compare and contrast the financial status of two companies from given data, for example
profit and loss accounts and balance sheets.

2.10

Calculate depreciation charges using straight line and reducing balance methods

3.0

Budgeting and Profit Planning

3.1

Explain budgetary control, forward planning and the establishment of revenue budgets,
together with capital investments planning and control, at all appropriate levels in an
organization

3.2

Explain the use of cash forecasts, both long and short-term and production of cash flow
statements

3.3

Describe how budgetary control is used to control expenditure

4.0

Costing and Finance

4.1

Describe cost compilation, cost methods and their application to transport organization
and commercial undertaking

4.2

Explain the theory of standard and marginal costing and knowledge on the basis for
integrating costs and financial accounts.

4.3

Describe and explain the use of costing in price fixing and in decision making, with
special reference to opportunity costs

4.4

Explain current practices in the various modes of transport and physical distribution

4.5

Explain sources of finance capital structure, financial institutions, the role of the new
issue market and government financing.

4.6

Describe and explain alternative corporate fiancining methods including leasing, hiring
and other special arrangements.

4.7

Explain the principles of Corporate Tax together with investment incentives as well as
V.A.T

5.0

Business Management

5.1

List the main divisions of an office and explain the role and function of each division.

5.2

State the basic equipment required in a modern office (Computer, Fax, etc) and state the
benefits derived from their use.

5.3

Differentiate between wholesale and retail outlets.

5.4

Describe the price structure used in distribution.

5.5

Define cash and credit sale transactions, and installment trading.

5.6

Calculate discounts.

5.7

Assess the relative advantages of acquiring an item of capital equipment under the
following arrangements:
i.

hire purchase

ii.

Credit sale.

iii.

Leasing.

5.8
5.9

Describe a credit control system.


State the purpose and use of quotations, estimates, order form, advice note, invoice, debit
note, credit note, consignment note, delivery note.
5.10 Prepare a statement from a given data.
5.11 Define net pay and gross pay.
5.12 List and explain the possible items which may be included in the calculation of gross
pay.

AUTOMOTIVE WORKSHOP PRACTICE IV


GENERAL OBJECTIVES
At the end of the module, students should be able
1.0

to demonstrate the skills of inspection, maintenance and repair of transmission systems.

2.0

to demonstrate the skills in handling diagnostic tools on the motor vehicle

Performance Objectives
1.0

Transmission system

1.1

Dismantle inspect and assemble clutch units, such as single plate multi coil spring and
diaphragm spring clutch.

1.2

Adjust clutch pedal free play

1.3

Dismantling and assembling of a double stage gearbox

1.4

Dismantling and assembling of a single stage gearbox (trans-axle)

1.5

Examine synchromesh units of a gearbox

1.6

Dismantling, assembling and testing an Automatic gearbox unit

1.7

Dismantling, assembling and testing continuously variable transmission

1.8

Dismantling, examination and assembly of a complete propeller shaft with universal and
sliding joints

1.9

Dismantling, examination and assembly of a conventional rear axle

1.10

Examine final drive and check pinion preload and meshing (tooth contact)

1.11

Dismantling, examining and re-assembly of a two speed axle.

1.12

Report on work done.

3.0

Diagnostic Tools

3.1

Demonstrate the use of scanners such as CONSULT 11, MUT 11, Intelligent Tester in
assessing Engine and vehicle systems

3.2

Demonstrate the extraction of fault codes using diagnostic connectors

3.3

Report on work done.

PRINCIPLES OF SUPERVISION
GENERAL OBJECTIVES
At the of the module, students should
1.0

know about organizational structure, responsibilities and roles

2.0

describe the purpose and main functions of personnel management

3.0

realize the need for effective communication in industry

Performance Objectives:
1.0
1.1

Organization Structure
State the main objectives of a business organization

1.2

Describe how organizations seek to achieve their objectives by the processes of division
of labour, delegation and the allocation of tasks

1.3

Show organizational structures and relationships in various diagrammatic forms and


assess the uses and limitations of such forms

1.4

State the advantages and disadvantages of organization charts.

1.5

State the objectives of the main functional areas

1.6

Analyse the relationships between principal functional areas in terms of authority,


responsibility, delegation, and communications.

1.7

Identify the problems that arise from conflict between objectives of functional areas .

1.8

Identify the conflicts that arise in interpersonal relationships when roles and
responsibilities are inadequately defined

1.9

Describe possible results of failure to co-ordinate activities within and between


departments.

1.10

State how the management of the organization is affected by internal changes, including
changes in technology and marketing policy

1.11

Describe the term centralization and decentralization in terms of the control and decision
making in an organization.

1.12

Outline management techniques, which aid,


i. decision making
ii. Problem solving

2.0

Personnel Control

2.1

Describe the purpose and main functions of personnel management

2.2

Establish the relationship between the organizations manpower strategy and its
organizational objectives

2.3

Analyze a typical current manpower position by reference to such factors as the


distribution of skills and experience. Establish the effectiveness of manpower utilization.

2.4

Describe the techniques of forecasting manpower demand and supply based on


projections of labour wastage, organizational plans, labour supply and sources of
recruitment.

2.5

Establish major costs of recruitment and assess the cost effectiveness of methods and
media used.

2.6

Outline the selection process including job analysis, the use of application forms and
selection testing.

2.7

Explain the principles of the selection interview, its place in the complete selection
process and its shortcomings.

2.8

Identify the methods of validating selection by follow-up, labour turnover statistics, and
exit interviews.

2.9

Explain the term labour turnover.

2.10

Explain the main principles, purposes and methods of performance appraisal and training

2.11

Explain the terms training and development.

2.12

Outline the relevance of training in an organization.

2.13

List and describe various motivational theories: Maslows Hierarchy of needs, Elton
Mayos and Theory X and Theory Y.

2.14

Explain job satisfaction and its relevance in the achievement of organizational goals.

2.15

Explain the relationship between job satisfaction and labour turnover.

2.16

Describe the principles on which a pay structure is based

2.17

Describe the effects on employee performance of working conditions, with particular


reference to fatigue and accidents.

2.18

Identify the effect of perception, motivation and individual differences on employee


behavior

2.19

Describe the effects of work groups and different styles of leadership

2.20

Describe how employee conflicts can be resolved by appropriate grievance and


disciplinary procedures.

3.0

Communication

3.1

State the need for effective communications within an organization

3.2

State and explain the basic elements involved in communication.

3.3

Compare and contrast oral and written methods of communication

3.4

Identify the various interviewing skills required by a manager

3.5

Display facility in correspondence and report writing to show the ability to adapt to
various circumstances

3.6

Explain the rules and procedure for conducting a meeting.

3.7

Show the effects of change on organizational structure, management functions and


employee behavior

3.8

Describe how managers may handle change in order to minimize its possible ill effects

3.9

Explain how employee participation may improve morale and increase the efficiency of
an organization.

3.10

Explain the relevance of health and safety in the work environment.