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4.2.

1 Penentuan Komposisi
1. Susu Frisian Flag
- Karbohidrat
- Lemak
- Protein
- Kalsium

= 23 g
=4g
=1g
= 6%
=
=

Natrium

= 0,21 g
= 25 mg

Karbohidrat

Lemak

Protein

mineral

= 0,025 g

= ( kalsium + natrium + kalium + fosfor )


= ( 0,21 g + 0,025 + 0,09 + 0 )
= 0,325 g

Mineral

Suhu air awal


= 280C
Suhu air akhir
= 850C
Berat susu
= 100 g
Suhu awal susu
= 300C
Suhu akhir susu
= 630C
Suhu susu selama 2 menit = 550C
4 menit = 540C
6 menit = 520C (suhu akhir)

Perhitungan :
a. Panas jenis air
Qair

b. Panas jenis susu


Qair

= Mair x Cp air x t
= 100 g x 1 x (85 - 28)
= 100 x 57
= 5700 joule
= Q susu

Qair

= M susu x Cp susu x

5700
5700
5700

= 100 g x Cp susu (630C - 300C)


= 100 x Cp susu (330C)
= 3300 x Cp susu

Cp susu
c.

Air (Xa)

=
= 1,727
= Msusu ( Xc + Xl + Xp + Xm )
= 100 ( 57,5 g + 10 g + 2,5 g + 0,325 g )
= 100 70,325 g
= 29,675 g

d. Cp susu dengan pengujian


Cp susu = (1,424 x Xc) + (1,549 x Xp) + (1,657 x Xl) + (4,187 x Xm)
= (1,424 x 57,5) + (1,549 x 2,5) + (1,657 x 10) + (4,187 x 0,325)
= 81,88+ 3,872 + 16,57 + 1,360
= 103,682

2. Susu Indomilk
- Karbohidrat
- Protein
- Lemak
-

Kalsium

= 23 g
= 1g
= 4g
=
=

Natrium

= 0,525 g
= 35 mg
=

Karbohidrat

=
= 57,5

Lemak

Protein

mineral

= ( kalsium + natrium + kalium + fosfor )


= 0,525 + 0,35 + 0,19 + 0,35
= 1,415 g

Mineral

Suhu air awal

= 280C

Suhu air akhir


= 850C
Berat susu
= 100 g
Suhu awal susu
=290C
Suhu akhir susu
= 560C
Suhu susu selama 2 menit = 500C
4 menit = 490C
6 menit = 480C (suhu akhir)

Perhitungan :
a. Panas jenis air
Qair

b. Panas jenis susu


Qair

c.

= Mair x Cp air x t
= 100 g x 1 x (85 - 28)
= 100 x 57
= 5700 joule
= Q susu

Qair

= M susu x Cp susu x

5700
5700
5700

= 100 g x Cp susu (560C - 290C)


= 100 x Cp susu (270C)
= 2700 x Cp susu

Cp susu

Air (Xa)

= 2,111
= Msusu ( Xc + Xl + Xp + Xm )
= 100 ( 57,5 g + 10 g + 2,5 g +

g)

= 100 73,538 g
= 26,462 g
d. Cp susu dengan pengujian
Cp susu = (1,424 x Xc) + (1,549 x Xp) + (1,657 x Xl) + (4,187 x Xm)
= (1,424 x 57,5) + (1,549 x 2,5) + (1,657 x 10) + (4,187 x 3,538)
= 81,88+ 3,872 + 16,57 + 14,813
=117,135

3. Susu Enak
Komposisi susu Enak
- Karbohidrat
- Lemak
- Protein
- Natrium

= 23 g
=4g
=1g
= 35 mg
=

Fosfor

= 0,035 g

= 10% =

=
-

Kalsium

= 20% =
=

Karbohidrat

Lemak

Protein

mineral

= ( kalsium + natrium + kalium + fosfor )


= ( 0,7 g + 0,035 g + 0g + 0,35 g)
= 1.1 g

Mineral

Suhu air awal


= 280C
Suhu air akhir
= 850C
Berat susu
= 100 g
Suhu awal susu
=300C
Suhu akhir susu
= 600C
Suhu susu selama 2 menit = 560C
4 menit = 540C
6 menit = 540C (suhu akhir)

Perhitungan :
a. Panas jenis air
Qair

b. Panas jenis susu


Qair

c.

Air (Xa)

= Mair x Cp air x t
= 100 g x 1 x (85 - 28)
= 100 x 57
= 5700 joule
= Q susu

Qair

= M susu x Cp susu x

5700
5700
5700

= 100 g x Cp susu (600C - 300C)


= 100 x Cp susu (300C)
= 3000 x Cp susu

Cp susu

=
= 1,9
= Msusu ( Xc + Xl + Xp + Xm )
= 100 (57,5 g + 10 g + 2,5 g + 2,75g)

= 100 72,75 g
= 27,25 g
d. Cp susu dengan pengujian
Cp susu = (1,424 x Xc) + (1,549 x Xp) + (1,657 x Xl) + (4,187 x Xm)
= (1,424 x 57,5) + (1,549 x 2,5) + (1,657 x 10) + (4,187 x 2,75)
= 81,88+ 3,872 + 16,57 + 11,154
=113,476

4. Susu Kremer
- Karbohidrat
- Lemak
- Protein
- Natrium

= 23 g
=4g
=1g
= 50 mg
=

Kalsium

= 15 % =
=

Fosfor

= 15 % =
=

Kalium

= -

Karbohidrat

Lemak

Protein

mineral

= ( kalsium + natrium + kalium + fosfor )


= (0,525 g +0,05 g + 0g +0,525 g)
= 1,1

Mineral

Suhu air awal


Suhu air akhir
Berat susu
Suhu awal susu
Suhu akhir susu

= 280C
= 850C
= 100 g
=300C
= 650C

Suhu susu selama 2 menit = 550C


4 menit = 540C
6 menit = 520C (suhu akhir)

Perhitungan :
a. Panas jenis air
Qair

b. Panas jenis susu


Qair

c.

= Mair x Cp air x t
= 100 g x 1 x (85 - 28)
= 100 x 57
= 5700 joule
= Q susu

Qair

= M susu x Cp susu x

5700
5700
5700

= 100 g x Cp susu (650C - 300C)


= 100 x Cp susu (350C)
= 3000 x Cp susu

Cp susu

Air (Xa)

= 1,628
= Msusu ( Xc + Xl + Xp + Xm )
= 100 (57,5 g + 10 g + 2,5 g + 2,75g)
= 100 72,75 g
= 27,25 g

d. Cp susu dengan pengujian


Cp susu = (1,424 x Xc) + (1,549 x Xp) + (1,657 x Xl) + (4,187 x Xm)
= (1,424 x 57,5) + (1,549 x 2,5) + (1,657 x 10) + (4,187 x 2,75)
= 81,88+ 3,872 + 16,57 + 11,154
=113,476