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Solar Energy

"Solar Energy comes from Solar cells which today are mostly made of
silicon, one of the most common elements on Earth. The crystalline silicon solar
cell was one of the first types to be developed and it is still the most common
type in use today. They do not pollute the atmosphere and they leave behind no
harmful waste products. Photovoltaic cells work effectively even in cloudy
weather and unlike solar heaters, are more efficient at low temperatures. They do
their job silently and there are no moving parts to wear out. It is no wonder that
one marvels on how such a device would function. To understand how a solar
cell works, it is necessary to go back to some basic atomic concepts. In the
simplest model of the atom, electrons orbit a central nucleus, composed of
protons and neutrons."

Solar energy is the visible energy produced in the sun as a result of a


constant nuclear fusion reaction that is taking place. The amount of energy at the
solar constant, which is at outer edge of the earth's atmosphere, is two calories
per minute per cm squared.

Today a new emphasis has been place on alternative energy sources as a


source of power due to the rising cost of fossil fuels combined with decreasing
supplies. A wide range of alternative sources of energy exist each with their
individual advantages and disadvantages, these technologies range from solar,
wind, and hydrogen power to nuclear and chemical power.

Uses of Solar Energy

There many uses of solar energy. Some homes rely fully on the
power of the sun to heat their water. Other houses have flat plate collectors
which aid in the heating of the house and water. Solar Energy plays a vital
role in the absorption cooling cycle in a process called solar cooling.

The worlds consumption of energy continues to increase as new


developing nations are consuming large amounts of energy to become on
par with its neighbors such as the United States, from 2004 to 2005 it was
estimated the OPEC would need to double its production to keep up. Solar
energy is one form of alternative form of energy lets examine this further in
depth.

One form of energy that has been brought to our attention is solar
energy. In fact, the entire living world depends on solar energy. This sun
has been shining for billions of years and there is no reason why it should
not continue. Solar energy is truly the oldest form of energy, and there is a
good chance that it may turn out to be the most important answer to our
energy problem. Our goal is to provide people free electricity and
permanent scent dispenser in bathroom instead of charging battery
regularly.

Purpose
One form of energy that has been brought to our attention is solar
energy. In fact, the entire living world depends on solar energy. This sun
has been shining for billions of years and there is no reason why it should
not continue. Solar energy is truly the oldest form of energy, and there is a
good chance that it may turn out to be the most important answer to our
energy problem.
Our goal is to provide people free electricity and permanent scent
dispenser in bathroom instead of changing battery regularly.

Benefits
There are two type of solar power, for large scale they use heat
generated from solar energy to heat a liquid (often oil) which causes it to
turn a turbine. A solar cell is a device that converts the energy of sunlight
directly into electricity by the photovoltaic effect. Sometimes the term solar
cell is reserved for devices intended specifically to capture energy from
sunlight such as solar panels and solar cells, while the term photovoltaic
cell is used when the light source is unspecified. Assemblies of cells are
used to make solar panels, solar modules, or photovoltaic arrays.
Photovoltaics is the field of technology and research related to the
application of solar cells in producing electricity for practical use. The
energy generated this way is an example of solar energy (also known as
solar power). Benefits is that there is no emissions (in a proper system) and
only requires sunlight for fuel. Negatives are that it requires a lot of sunlight
and heat to work poor effiency and in the case of the cells require large
amounts of silicon, also is very expensive.

A. Environmentally-Friendly
Solar energy benefits the environment. Even though there is some
minimal pollution created in the process of solar device manufacturing, it's
nothing compared to what is emitted by fossil fuels, including greenhouse
gases and carcinogens. The use of fossil fuels contributes to global
warming, smog, and acid rain. Furthermore, fossil fuels create the need to
store dangerous radioactive waste.

B. Silent
In comparison to other renewable energy sources (wind and water),
solar devices make absolutely no noise during their operation. Wind and
water power generators produce a lot of noise, which may be frowned upon
by neighbors of the homeowner who started to use a wind or water power
generator.

C. Low-Maintenance
Solar devices have no moving parts in their design, which means that
they don't require special protection (like windmills, for example). Solar
installations can last for decades, with little to no maintenance required.

D. Cost-Effective
Solar energy benefits your pocket. Solar powered systems obviously
require an initial investment. However, in the long run there will be no
incurring costs whatsoever (unless your panels suffer a fall, and break).
Any homeowner will be able to reduce their electric bill, while some lucky
individuals will even be able to generate excess electric and sell it to their
local utility company. Using your local electric grid for lighting, heating, and
cooling a home is one of the largest expenses that a regular home incurs.
For instance, a single 100-watt light bulb that is constantly on will cost as
much as $100 annually. When you are connected to a grid, you are paying
for a utility service, which means that there is no return on your monthly
"investment". Solar power generators, on the other hand, are an
investment, because they will keep saving you money every month, up to
completely sparing you from the burden of paying electric bills.
Furthermore, there are various tax incentives (up to 20-30% of the system's
cost) offered by many governments to encourage their citizens to start
using renewable energy sources.

E. Autonomous
If you need to power a home in a remote location, a solar power
generator may be the most practical and cost-effective option. Furthermore,
your home will be protected from any power outages.

F. Easy to install
Solar energy benefits include the ease of installation. Even though
solar systems vary in their complexity, many of them are easy for anyone to
install (e.g., outdoor solar lights don't even require any wiring). Do-ityourself enthusiasts even find it easy to install regular solar panels and
devices, with the aid of a good instruction manual.

Conclusion
Solar energy is energy generated from the sun, and supports all life
forms on earth. Solar energy is used in a variety of forms ranging from heat
and electricity to lighting. Solar has many advantages including that it is a
clean source, renewable, and its safe.
While disadvantages to solar exist in that additional research and
development is needed and remains unfinanced by the federal
government, the excess energy needs to be stored for use in cloudy
weather and at night in batteries, the electricity produced tends to be more
expensive due to the upfront cost of the systems to capture and store the
energy.
While at the same time climate and location also affect the overall
effectiveness of the systems and in many cases cannot be the sole source
of power. In any case solar power is still the second fastest growing energy
source.

Submitted by:

Marlon C. Sotea