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12
Student: _______________________________________________________________________________________

1. There are _____ enlargements of the spinal cord where nerves supplying the extremities enter and leave.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

two
three
four
five
six

2. The spinal cord


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

controls the reticular activating system.


stores reflexive memory.
forms memory engrams.
links the peripheral nervous system to the brain.
is characterized by conscious activity.

3. The spinal cord begins at the


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

cerebellum.
medulla oblongata.
foramen magnum.
conus medullaris
1st cervical vertebrae.

4. The conus medullaris


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

anchors the spinal cord to the coccyx.


is a tapered, cone like region immediately inferior to the lumbar enlargement.
marks the exit of nerves to the upper extremity.
is located adjacent to the foramen magnum.
is inferior to the cauda equina.

5. The spinal cord ends at the


A.
B.
C.
D.

sacrum.
coccyx.
5th lumbar vertebrae.
2nd lumbar vertebrae.

6. The thickest of the meninges is the


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

pia mater.
arachnoid mater.
subdural space.
subarachnoid space.
dura mater.

7. The sac surrounding the spinal cord is the


A.
B.
C.
D.

dural sac.
meningeal sac.
thecal sac.
epidural sac.

8. The middle, thin, spider-like meninx is the


A.
B.
C.
D.

dura mater.
pia mater.
ectomater.
arachnoid mater.

9. What space, found between the vertebral wall and the dura mater, is the area for injecting anesthesia for childbirth?
A.
B.
C.
D.

subarachnoid space
subdural space
epidural space
epipial space

10. During a spinal tap, cerebrospinal fluid is obtained from which of the following locations?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

dural sinus
epidural space
subarachnoid space
subdural space
sagittal sinus

11. What structure anchors the thecal sac and conus medullaris to the coccyx?

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A.
B.
C.
D.

filum terminale
denticulate ligaments
pia mater
cauda equina

12. Where is cerebrospinal fluid found around the spinal cord?


A.
B.
C.
D.

subdural space
epidural space
thecal sac
subarachnoid space

13. Which of the following is false?


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

The dorsal root of the spinal cord conveys sensory (afferent) nerve impulses to the spinal cord.
The posterior horn of the cord contains the cell bodies of motor neurons.
The ventral root is formed by the axons of neurons in the lateral and anterior horns.
The dorsal and ventral roots unite to form spinal nerves.
The ventral root of the spinal cord conveys motor (efferent) nerve impulses away from the spinal cord.

14. The ventral root of a spinal nerve contains


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

only sensory fibers.


only motor fibers.
only afferent fibers.
both sensory and motor fibers.
a ganglion.

15. The sensory root of a spinal nerve is also referred to as


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

anterior root.
dorsal root.
efferent root.
ventral root.
lateral root.

16. The motor root of a spinal nerve is also referred to as the


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

afferent root.
dorsal root.
posterior root.
ventral root.
sensory root.

17. The cross-sectional view of the spinal cord reveals white matter on the
A.
B.
C.
D.

inside, gray matter on the outside, and a dorsal motor root.


outside, gray matter on the inside, and a ventral motor root.
inside, gray matter on the outside, and a dorsal sensory root.
outside, gray matter on the inside, and a ventral sensory root.

18. In the spinal cord, white matter is organized into


A.
B.
C.
D.

horns and the gray matter into columns.


horns and the gray matter into roots.
columns and the gray matter into horns.
columns and the gray matter into tracts.

19. What structure makes the dorsal root different from the ventral root?
A.
B.
C.
D.

The dorsal root has a ganglion.


The dorsal root has a tract.
The dorsal root has a nucleus.
The dorsal root appears the same as the ventral root.

20. What is found in the dorsal root ganglion?


A.
B.
C.
D.

The cell bodies of multipolar motor neurons.


The cell bodies of pseudo-unipolar sensory neurons.
The cell bodies of multipolar interneurons.
The cell bodies of bipolar sensory neurons.

21. What is found the lateral gray horns of the spinal cord?
A.
B.
C.
D.

The cell bodies of somatic motor neurons.


The cell bodies of sensory neurons.
The cell bodies of autonomic motor neurons.
The cell bodies of somatic sensory neurons.

22. Structurally, the simplest reflex is the


A. stretch reflex.

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B.
C.
D.
E.

Golgi tendon reflex.


reciprocal reflex.
alternating reflex.
withdrawal reflex.

23. Reflex arcs


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

are capable of receiving a stimulus and yielding a response.


are the basic structural units of the nervous system.
occur primarily in the cerebral cortex of the brain.
involve inhibitory neurons.
do not involve the spinal cord.

24. Which portion of a reflex arc is most likely to be located entirely within the central nervous system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

sensory neuron
motor neuron
effector cell
interneuron
receptor cell

25. Reflexes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

are homeostatic.
are not homeostatic.
are voluntary conscious responses to a stimulus.
are integrated in the spinal cord, but not the brain.
are integrated in the brain, but not the spinal cord.

26. Reflexes function in


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

removing the body from painful stimuli.


keeping the body from falling.
maintaining blood pressure.
maintaining blood CO2 levels.
All of these choices are correct.

27. Place the following parts of a reflex arc in the correct order beginning with the sensory receptor.
(1) motor neuron
(2) interneuron
(3) effector
(4) sensory neuron
(5) sensory receptor
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

5, 1, 2, 3, 4
5, 3, 2, 4, 1
5, 4, 3, 2, 1
5, 2, 3, 4, 1
5, 4, 2, 1, 3

28. The sensory receptor of the stretch reflex is the


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

Golgi tendon organ.


muscle spindle.
dorsal root ganglion.
collateral axon.
alpha motor neurons.

29. Stretch reflexes


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

are learned voluntary responses.


aid in maintaining proper posture.
prevent muscles from being damaged by excessive tension.
cause the removal of limbs from painful stimuli.
prevent falling.

30. Which of the following events in a stretch reflex occurs last?


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

alpha motor neurons transmit action potentials to muscle causing contraction


muscle spindle detects stretch of muscle
afferent neurons conduct action potentials to the spinal cord
afferent neurons synapse with alpha motor neurons
muscle is stretched

31. Muscle spindles


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

are innervated by gamma motor neurons.


originate in the spinal cord.
are specialized nerve cells.
are found encapsulated in nerve endings.
are innervated by alpha motor neurons.

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32. Muscles and glands that are capable of producing a response when stimulated by motor neurons are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

aponeuroses.
effectors.
neuromodulators.
receptors.
sensory organs.

33. The knee-jerk reflex involves which of the following?


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

sensory and motor neurons


sensory, association and motor neurons
sensory, motor and inhibitory interneurons
sensory and association neurons
the brain

34. Gamma motor neurons


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

are located in tendons.


transmit action potentials to skeletal muscle.
regulate the sensitivity of the muscle spindle.
enable the brain to perceive that a muscle has been stretched.
innervate the whole muscle.

35. The muscles of the back contract to straighten so that you sit at a more erect posture and subsequently the muscles are suddenly stretched
as you nod off. Which of the following best represents the sequence of events when you start to nod off?
(1) muscles of the back are stretched
(2) the muscle spindle is stretched
(3) action potentials in sensory neurons of the muscle spindles increase
(4) action potentials in alpha motor neurons of skeletal muscle fibers increase
(5) skeletal muscle of the back contract
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

1, 2, 3, 4, 5
1, 5, 2, 3, 4
1, 5, 3, 2, 4
5, 2, 3, 4, 1
4, 5, 3, 2, 1

36. The patellar or knee-jerk reflex is a classic example of


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

the Golgi tendon reflex.


the withdrawal reflex.
the stretch reflex.
the crossed extensor reflex.
reciprocal innervation.

37. The reflex that prevents excessive tension in a muscle is the


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

stretch reflex.
withdrawal reflex.
Golgi tendon reflex.
reciprocal reflex.
crossed extensor reflex.

38. In the Golgi tendon reflex,


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

muscle spindles detect tension in a tendon.


alpha motor neurons are inhibited causing muscle relaxation.
gamma motor neurons cause muscle contraction.
there is reciprocal innervation to facilitate the reflex.
alpha motor neurons are stimulated causing muscle contraction.

39. Stimulation of the Golgi tendon organs result in which of the following changes in the reflex arc?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

stimulation of a stimulatory association neuron


stimulation of an inhibitory neuron
decreased action potentials in alpha motor neurons
contraction of skeletal muscle fibers
stimulation of an inhibitory neuron and decreased action potentials in alpha motor neurons

40. A reflex that protects limbs by removing them from painful stimuli is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

stretch reflex.
crossed extensor reflex.
Golgi tendon reflex.
alternating reflex.
withdrawal reflex

41. Reciprocal innervation


A. is associated with the Golgi tendon reflex.
B. stimulates antagonistic muscles.

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C. results in reduced resistance to the reflex.


D. reinforces the withdrawal reflex.
E. inhibits the stretch reflex.
42. Initiating the withdrawal reflex in both legs at the same time would cause one to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

maintain posture longer.


fall.
decrease muscle tension.
develop resistance in one limb and reduce resistance in the other.
hop.

43. If a withdrawal reflex is initiated in one leg, the crossed extensor reflex causes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

a withdrawal reflex in the opposite leg.


inhibition of abduction in the opposite leg.
extension of the opposite leg.
both legs to extend.
flexion of both legs.

44. The adaptive significance of the crossed extensor reflex when a person steps on a tack is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

remove the foot from the tack.


increase the rate at which withdrawal of the limb occurs.
slow the rate of removal of the foot from the tack.
reduce the pain sensations.
prevent the person from falling down.

45. The endoneurium


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

surrounds nerve cell bodies.


surrounds individual axons and their Schwann cells.
bundles axons into fascicles.
bundles fascicles into nerves.
surrounds nerve tracts in the spinal cord.

46. The epineurium


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

surrounds nerve cell bodies.


surrounds individual axons and their Schwann cells.
bundles axons into fascicles.
bundles fascicles into nerves.
bundles fascicles into axons.

47. The perineurium


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

surrounds nerve cell bodies.


surrounds individual axons and their Schwann cells.
bundles axons into fascicles.
bundles fascicles into nerves.
bundles fascicles into axons.

48. Which of the following statements concerning the structure of spinal nerves is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

The ventral root contains motor or efferent fibers.


The ventral root has a prominent root ganglion.
Rootlets from the surface of the spinal cord form the dorsal and ventral rami.
Each spinal nerve is formed by the union of a cranial nerve and a spinal nerve.
Spinal nerves do not have specific cutaneous distributions.

49. Which of the following combinations indicates the correct distribution of spinal nerve pairs?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

7 cervical - 12 thoracic - 6 lumbar - 5 sacral - 1 coccygeal


7 cervical - 12 thoracic - 5 lumbar - 6 sacral - 1 coccygeal
8 cervical - 12 thoracic - 6 lumbar - 4 sacral - 1 coccygeal
8 cervical - 12 thoracic - 5 lumbar - 5 sacral - 1 coccygeal
7 cervical - 13 thoracic - 6 lumbar - 5 sacral - 1 coccygeal

50. All spinal nerves from C2 to L5 exit the vertebral column through a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

vertebral foramen.
spinal foramen.
dorsal root ganglion.
intervertebral foramen.
foramen magnum.

51. There are ________ cervical spinal nerves.


A.
B.
C.
D.

eight
twelve
six
five

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E. fourteen
52. A man was in an accident and severed his spinal cord between C6 and C7. Which of the following would NOT occur?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

loss of sensation in the trunk below the shoulders, the lower limbs and portions of the arms
loss of use of the phrenic nerves and paralysis of the diaphragm
loss of movement in the lower limbs
loss of the use of the intercostals nerves, and breathing would be affected because the intercostals muscles would be paralyzed
loss of sensation and movement in the jaw

53. Nerve fibers in the phrenic nerves that innervated the diaphragm arise primarily from which plexus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

brachial
cervical
lumbar
sacral
cranial

54. The brachial plexus supplies nerves that function to contract which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

the diaphragm
intercostal muscles
muscles of the arm and forearm
muscles of the lower limb
abdominal muscles

55. Dermatomal maps are important clinically because they


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

can be used to check for motor function.


locate the position of cranial nerves.
can be used to help locate nerve damage.
indicate what muscles are innervated by each spinal nerve.
can be used to detect cranial nerve damage.

56. The cutaneous sensory distribution of a spinal nerve can be mapped as a


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

dermatome.
plexitome.
microtome.
myotome.
superdome.

57. Ventral rami of some spinal nerves join with each other to form a
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

ganglion.
dermatome.
cord.
plexus.
nerve.

58. If the ventral root of a spinal nerve were cut, the regions innervated by that spinal nerve would experience complete loss of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

sensation.
movement.
sensation and movement.
pain.
None of these choices is correct.

59. The branch of a spinal nerve that innervates deep muscles on the dorsal thorax is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

ramus communicans.
lateral ramus.
dorsal ramus.
ventral ramus.
medial ramus.

60. Intercostal nerves are formed from the


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

thoracic plexus.
ventral rami of thoracic spinal nerves.
dorsal rami of thoracic spinal nerves.
rami communicans of the thoracic spinal nerves.
cervical plexus.

61. Which of the following nerves is a branch of both the cervical plexus and the brachial plexus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

axillary
femoral
phrenic
sciatic
splanchnic

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62. Damage to the phrenic nerve would result in


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

the loss of motor activity in the arms.


an increased heart rate.
an inability to swallow.
difficulty breathing.
a decreased heart rate.

63. Spinal nerves C5-T1 make up the ____________ plexus.


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

sacral
lumbar
brachial
cervical
radial

64. Which of the following nerves is part of the brachial plexus?


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

peroneal
ansa cervicalis
ischiadic (sciatic)
musculocutaneous
femoral

65. Improper use of crutches could cause compression of the _____ nerve.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

axillary
radial
musculocutaneous
ulnar
median

66. When a person hits their "funny bone," they cause temporary damage to the _____ nerve.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

axillary
radial
musculocutaneous
ulnar
median

67. An injury to the wrist that results in edema in the carpal tunnel would compress the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

axillary nerve.
radial nerve.
musculocutaneous nerve.
ulnar nerve.
median nerve.

68. Using the biceps brachii to flex the forearm requires innervation of the _____ nerve.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

radial
musculocutaneous
ulnar
median
axillary

69. When someone taps you on your shoulder, they stimulate the ____ nerve.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

axillary
brachial
radial
musculocutaneous
ulnar

70. If you pinch your index finger in a door, pain sensations are carried via the ____ nerve.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

radial
median
axillary
musculocutaneous
ulnar

71. Which of the following nerves is associated with the lumbosacral plexus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

phrenic
median
musculocutaneous
ulnar
obturator

72. Spinal nerves exiting the cord from the level of L4 to S4 form the

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A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

lumbar plexus.
femoral plexus.
sacral plexus.
pelvic plexus.
brachial plexus.

73. The sciatic nerve is composed of the


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

femoral nerve and the tibial nerve.


tibial nerve and the common fibular nerve.
femoral nerve and the obturator nerve.
common fibular nerve and the pudendal nerve.
superior gluteal and inferior gluteal.

74. Which nerve is involved when a dancer points his/her toes?


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

tibial
femoral
obturator
pudendal
common fibular (peroneal)

75. The gastrocnemius muscle is most likely to be innervated by the _____ nerve.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

obturator
common fibular (peroneal)
tibial
femoral
median

76. When a person sits on a hard surface for a period of time, his foot or leg may "go to sleep." This sensation is the result of compressing the
_____ nerve.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

femoral
sciatic
obturator
pudendal
ulnar

77. Adduction of the thigh involves the ___________.


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

peroneal nerve.
femoral nerve.
obturator nerve.
pudendal nerve.
tibial nerve.

78. If a person fell down the steps and then developed pain down his anterior thigh into the knee, which of the following spinal nerves was
probably damaged?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

obturator
femoral
tibial
common fibular (peroneal)
pudendal

79. Branches of the ____ nerve are anesthetized before a doctor performs an episiotomy for childbirth.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

genitofemoral
gluteal
cutaneous femoral
pudendal
common fibular (peroneal)

80. Label component "A" on the reflex arc.


A. sensory receptor
B. effector organ
C. sensory neuron

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D. motor neuron
E. interneuron
81. Label component "B" on the reflex arc.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

sensory receptor
effector organ
sensory neuron
motor neuron
interneuron

82. Label component "C" on the reflex arc.


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

sensory receptor
effector organ
sensory neuron
motor neuron
interneuron

83. Label component "D" on the reflex arc.


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

sensory receptor
effector organ
sensory neuron
motor neuron
interneuron

84. Label component "E" on the reflex arc.


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

sensory receptor
effector organ
sensory neuron
motor neuron
interneuron

85. What does "A" represent?


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

spinal nerves
conus medullaris
cervical enlargement
filium terminale
cauda equina

86. What does "B" represent?


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

spinal nerves
conus medullaris
cervical enlargement
filium terminale
cauda equina

87. What does "C" represent?

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A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

spinal nerves
conus medullaris
cervical enlargement
filium terminale
cauda equina

88. What does "D" represent?


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

spinal nerves
conus medullaris
cervical enlargement
filium terminale
cauda equina

89. What does "E" represent?


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

spinal nerves
conus medullaris
cervical enlargement
filium terminale
cauda equina

90. What does "A" represent?


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

central canal
ventral root
dorsal root ganglion
spinal nerve
dorsal root

91. What does "B" represent?


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

central canal
ventral root
dorsal root ganglion
spinal nerve
dorsal root

92. What does "C" represent?


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

central canal
ventral root
dorsal root ganglion
spinal nerve
dorsal root

93. What does "D" represent?


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

central canal
ventral root
dorsal root ganglion
spinal nerve
dorsal root

94. What does "E" represent?


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

central canal
ventral root
dorsal root ganglion
spinal nerve
dorsal root
Match the nerve to the correct function.
A. provides motor innervation to the biceps brachii
B. innervates two forearm muscles plus most of the intrinsic hand muscles
C. innervates all but one of the flexor muscles of the forearm and most of the hand muscles near the thumb

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D. innervates the deltoid and teres minor muscles


E. innervates the triceps brachii
95. axillary nerve
________________________________________
96. radial nerve
________________________________________
97. musculocutaneous nerve
________________________________________
98. ulnar nerve
________________________________________
99. median nerve
________________________________________
Match the disorder with its description.
A. pain radiating down the back of the thigh and leg
B. stiffness in the neck and headache
C. inflammation of a nerve
D. pain along a nerve tract
E. loss of sensation
100. anesthesia
________________________________________
101. neuritis
________________________________________
102. neuralgia
________________________________________
103. sciatica
________________________________________
104. meningitis
________________________________________
Match the nerve with the appropriate description.
A. innervates the iliopsoas, sartorius, and quadriceps femoris
B. innervates muscles of the pelvic floor
C. innervates the muscles that adduct the thigh
D. innervates the anterior and lateral muscles of the leg
E. branches to form the medial and lateral plantar nerves
105. obturator nerve
________________________________________
106. femoral nerve
________________________________________
107. tibial nerve
________________________________________
108. common fibular nerve
________________________________________
109. coccygeal plexus
________________________________________
Match the term with the most appropriate description.
A. stretch reflex
B. Golgi tendon reflex
C. withdrawal reflex
D. crossed extensor reflex
E. reciprocal innervation
110. removing hand from a hot iron

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________________________________________
111. a reflex that helps prevent falls
________________________________________
112. partially responsible for a weight lifter suddenly dropping a weight that is too heavy
________________________________________
113. associated with withdrawal and stretch reflex
________________________________________
114. the knee-jerk
________________________________________
Match the term with the correct definition.
A. functional unit of the nervous system
B. most superficial and thickest meninx
C. the middle meninx
D. the meninx bound tightly to brain and spinal cord
E. separates dura mater from periosteum
115. pia mater
________________________________________
116. dura mater
________________________________________
117. reflex arc
________________________________________
118. epidural space
________________________________________
119. arachnoid mater
________________________________________
120. In the PNS, nerves are held together by ___________.
________________________________________
121. Cutaneous sensory distribution of a spinal nerve can be mapped as a _______.
________________________________________
122. The largest peripheral nerve in the body is the ______ nerve.
________________________________________
123. Branches of the pudendal nerve are anesthetized during childbirth before the doctor performs a(an) ______________.
________________________________________
124. The __________ __________ is the basic functional unit of the nervous system and is capable of receiving a stimulus and producing a
response.
________________________________________

Page 13 of 32

12 KEY
1. There are _____ enlargements of the spinal cord where nerves supplying the extremities enter and leave.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

two
three
four
five
six
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.01
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #1
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #1

2. The spinal cord


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

controls the reticular activating system.


stores reflexive memory.
forms memory engrams.
links the peripheral nervous system to the brain.
is characterized by conscious activity.
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.01
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #2
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #2

3. The spinal cord begins at the


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

cerebellum.
medulla oblongata.
foramen magnum.
conus medullaris
1st cervical vertebrae.
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.01
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #3
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #3

4. The conus medullaris


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

anchors the spinal cord to the coccyx.


is a tapered, cone like region immediately inferior to the lumbar enlargement.
marks the exit of nerves to the upper extremity.
is located adjacent to the foramen magnum.
is inferior to the cauda equina.
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.01
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #4
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #4

5. The spinal cord ends at the


A.
B.
C.
D.

sacrum.
coccyx.
5th lumbar vertebrae.
2nd lumbar vertebrae.
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.01
Seeley: 012 Chapter...
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #5

6. The thickest of the meninges is the


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

pia mater.
arachnoid mater.
subdural space.
subarachnoid space.
dura mater.
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.01
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #5
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #6

7. The sac surrounding the spinal cord is the


A.
B.
C.
D.

dural sac.
meningeal sac.
thecal sac.
epidural sac.
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.01
Seeley: 012 Chapter...
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #7

Page 14 of 32

8. The middle, thin, spider-like meninx is the


A.
B.
C.
D.

dura mater.
pia mater.
ectomater.
arachnoid mater.
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.01
Seeley: 012 Chapter...
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #8

9. What space, found between the vertebral wall and the dura mater, is the area for injecting anesthesia for childbirth?
A.
B.
C.
D.

subarachnoid space
subdural space
epidural space
epipial space
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.01
Seeley: 012 Chapter...
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #9

10. During a spinal tap, cerebrospinal fluid is obtained from which of the following locations?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

dural sinus
epidural space
subarachnoid space
subdural space
sagittal sinus
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.01
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #17
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #10

11. What structure anchors the thecal sac and conus medullaris to the coccyx?
A.
B.
C.
D.

filum terminale
denticulate ligaments
pia mater
cauda equina
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.01
Seeley: 012 Chapter...
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #11

12. Where is cerebrospinal fluid found around the spinal cord?


A.
B.
C.
D.

subdural space
epidural space
thecal sac
subarachnoid space
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.01
Seeley: 012 Chapter...
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #12

13. Which of the following is false?


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

The dorsal root of the spinal cord conveys sensory (afferent) nerve impulses to the spinal cord.
The posterior horn of the cord contains the cell bodies of motor neurons.
The ventral root is formed by the axons of neurons in the lateral and anterior horns.
The dorsal and ventral roots unite to form spinal nerves.
The ventral root of the spinal cord conveys motor (efferent) nerve impulses away from the spinal cord.
Blooms Level: Understand
Section: 12.01
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #6
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #13

14. The ventral root of a spinal nerve contains


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

only sensory fibers.


only motor fibers.
only afferent fibers.
both sensory and motor fibers.
a ganglion.
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.01
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #14
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #14

15. The sensory root of a spinal nerve is also referred to as

Page 15 of 32

A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

anterior root.
dorsal root.
efferent root.
ventral root.
lateral root.
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.01
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #15
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #15

16. The motor root of a spinal nerve is also referred to as the


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

afferent root.
dorsal root.
posterior root.
ventral root.
sensory root.
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.01
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #16
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #16

17. The cross-sectional view of the spinal cord reveals white matter on the
A.
B.
C.
D.

inside, gray matter on the outside, and a dorsal motor root.


outside, gray matter on the inside, and a ventral motor root.
inside, gray matter on the outside, and a dorsal sensory root.
outside, gray matter on the inside, and a ventral sensory root.
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.01
Seeley: 012 Chapter...
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #17

18. In the spinal cord, white matter is organized into


A.
B.
C.
D.

horns and the gray matter into columns.


horns and the gray matter into roots.
columns and the gray matter into horns.
columns and the gray matter into tracts.
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.01
Seeley: 012 Chapter...
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #18

19. What structure makes the dorsal root different from the ventral root?
A.
B.
C.
D.

The dorsal root has a ganglion.


The dorsal root has a tract.
The dorsal root has a nucleus.
The dorsal root appears the same as the ventral root.
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.01
Seeley: 012 Chapter...
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #19

20. What is found in the dorsal root ganglion?


A.
B.
C.
D.

The cell bodies of multipolar motor neurons.


The cell bodies of pseudo-unipolar sensory neurons.
The cell bodies of multipolar interneurons.
The cell bodies of bipolar sensory neurons.
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.01
Seeley: 012 Chapter...
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #20

21. What is found the lateral gray horns of the spinal cord?
A.
B.
C.
D.

The cell bodies of somatic motor neurons.


The cell bodies of sensory neurons.
The cell bodies of autonomic motor neurons.
The cell bodies of somatic sensory neurons.
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.01
Seeley: 012 Chapter...
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #21

22. Structurally, the simplest reflex is the


A.
B.
C.
D.

stretch reflex.
Golgi tendon reflex.
reciprocal reflex.
alternating reflex.

Page 16 of 32

E. withdrawal reflex.
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.02
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #8
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #22

23. Reflex arcs


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

are capable of receiving a stimulus and yielding a response.


are the basic structural units of the nervous system.
occur primarily in the cerebral cortex of the brain.
involve inhibitory neurons.
do not involve the spinal cord.
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.02
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #9
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #23

24. Which portion of a reflex arc is most likely to be located entirely within the central nervous system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

sensory neuron
motor neuron
effector cell
interneuron
receptor cell
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.02
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #10
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #24

25. Reflexes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

are homeostatic.
are not homeostatic.
are voluntary conscious responses to a stimulus.
are integrated in the spinal cord, but not the brain.
are integrated in the brain, but not the spinal cord.
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.02
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #11
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #25

26. Reflexes function in


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

removing the body from painful stimuli.


keeping the body from falling.
maintaining blood pressure.
maintaining blood CO2 levels.
All of these choices are correct.
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.02
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #12
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #26

27. Place the following parts of a reflex arc in the correct order beginning with the sensory receptor.
(1) motor neuron
(2) interneuron
(3) effector
(4) sensory neuron
(5) sensory receptor
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

5, 1, 2, 3, 4
5, 3, 2, 4, 1
5, 4, 3, 2, 1
5, 2, 3, 4, 1
5, 4, 2, 1, 3
Blooms Level: Understand
Section: 12.02
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #13
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #27

28. The sensory receptor of the stretch reflex is the


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

Golgi tendon organ.


muscle spindle.
dorsal root ganglion.
collateral axon.
alpha motor neurons.
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.02
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #18
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #28

Page 17 of 32

29. Stretch reflexes


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

are learned voluntary responses.


aid in maintaining proper posture.
prevent muscles from being damaged by excessive tension.
cause the removal of limbs from painful stimuli.
prevent falling.
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.02
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #19
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #29

30. Which of the following events in a stretch reflex occurs last?


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

alpha motor neurons transmit action potentials to muscle causing contraction


muscle spindle detects stretch of muscle
afferent neurons conduct action potentials to the spinal cord
afferent neurons synapse with alpha motor neurons
muscle is stretched
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.02
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #20
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #30

31. Muscle spindles


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

are innervated by gamma motor neurons.


originate in the spinal cord.
are specialized nerve cells.
are found encapsulated in nerve endings.
are innervated by alpha motor neurons.
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.02
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #21
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #31

32. Muscles and glands that are capable of producing a response when stimulated by motor neurons are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

aponeuroses.
effectors.
neuromodulators.
receptors.
sensory organs.
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.02
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #22
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #32

33. The knee-jerk reflex involves which of the following?


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

sensory and motor neurons


sensory, association and motor neurons
sensory, motor and inhibitory interneurons
sensory and association neurons
the brain
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.02
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #23
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #33

34. Gamma motor neurons


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

are located in tendons.


transmit action potentials to skeletal muscle.
regulate the sensitivity of the muscle spindle.
enable the brain to perceive that a muscle has been stretched.
innervate the whole muscle.
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.02
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #24
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #34

35. The muscles of the back contract to straighten so that you sit at a more erect posture and subsequently the muscles are suddenly stretched
as you nod off. Which of the following best represents the sequence of events when you start to nod off?
(1) muscles of the back are stretched
(2) the muscle spindle is stretched
(3) action potentials in sensory neurons of the muscle spindles increase
(4) action potentials in alpha motor neurons of skeletal muscle fibers increase
(5) skeletal muscle of the back contract
A. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
B. 1, 5, 2, 3, 4

Page 18 of 32

C. 1, 5, 3, 2, 4
D. 5, 2, 3, 4, 1
E. 4, 5, 3, 2, 1
Blooms Level: Understand
Section: 12.02
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #25
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #35

36. The patellar or knee-jerk reflex is a classic example of


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

the Golgi tendon reflex.


the withdrawal reflex.
the stretch reflex.
the crossed extensor reflex.
reciprocal innervation.
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.02
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #26
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #36

37. The reflex that prevents excessive tension in a muscle is the


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

stretch reflex.
withdrawal reflex.
Golgi tendon reflex.
reciprocal reflex.
crossed extensor reflex.
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.02
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #27
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #37

38. In the Golgi tendon reflex,


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

muscle spindles detect tension in a tendon.


alpha motor neurons are inhibited causing muscle relaxation.
gamma motor neurons cause muscle contraction.
there is reciprocal innervation to facilitate the reflex.
alpha motor neurons are stimulated causing muscle contraction.
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.02
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #28
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #38

39. Stimulation of the Golgi tendon organs result in which of the following changes in the reflex arc?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

stimulation of a stimulatory association neuron


stimulation of an inhibitory neuron
decreased action potentials in alpha motor neurons
contraction of skeletal muscle fibers
stimulation of an inhibitory neuron and decreased action potentials in alpha motor neurons
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.02
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #29
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #39

40. A reflex that protects limbs by removing them from painful stimuli is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

stretch reflex.
crossed extensor reflex.
Golgi tendon reflex.
alternating reflex.
withdrawal reflex
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.02
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #30
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #40

41. Reciprocal innervation


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

is associated with the Golgi tendon reflex.


stimulates antagonistic muscles.
results in reduced resistance to the reflex.
reinforces the withdrawal reflex.
inhibits the stretch reflex.
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.02
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #31
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #41

42. Initiating the withdrawal reflex in both legs at the same time would cause one to
A. maintain posture longer.

Page 19 of 32

B.
C.
D.
E.

fall.
decrease muscle tension.
develop resistance in one limb and reduce resistance in the other.
hop.
Blooms Level: Understand
Section: 12.02
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #32
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #42

43. If a withdrawal reflex is initiated in one leg, the crossed extensor reflex causes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

a withdrawal reflex in the opposite leg.


inhibition of abduction in the opposite leg.
extension of the opposite leg.
both legs to extend.
flexion of both legs.
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.02
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #33
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #43

44. The adaptive significance of the crossed extensor reflex when a person steps on a tack is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

remove the foot from the tack.


increase the rate at which withdrawal of the limb occurs.
slow the rate of removal of the foot from the tack.
reduce the pain sensations.
prevent the person from falling down.
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.02
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #34
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #44

45. The endoneurium


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

surrounds nerve cell bodies.


surrounds individual axons and their Schwann cells.
bundles axons into fascicles.
bundles fascicles into nerves.
surrounds nerve tracts in the spinal cord.
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.03
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #35
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #45

46. The epineurium


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

surrounds nerve cell bodies.


surrounds individual axons and their Schwann cells.
bundles axons into fascicles.
bundles fascicles into nerves.
bundles fascicles into axons.
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.03
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #36
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #46

47. The perineurium


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

surrounds nerve cell bodies.


surrounds individual axons and their Schwann cells.
bundles axons into fascicles.
bundles fascicles into nerves.
bundles fascicles into axons.
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.03
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #36
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #47

48. Which of the following statements concerning the structure of spinal nerves is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

The ventral root contains motor or efferent fibers.


The ventral root has a prominent root ganglion.
Rootlets from the surface of the spinal cord form the dorsal and ventral rami.
Each spinal nerve is formed by the union of a cranial nerve and a spinal nerve.
Spinal nerves do not have specific cutaneous distributions.
Blooms Level: Understand
Section: 12.03
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #37
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #48

49. Which of the following combinations indicates the correct distribution of spinal nerve pairs?

Page 20 of 32

A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

7 cervical - 12 thoracic - 6 lumbar - 5 sacral - 1 coccygeal


7 cervical - 12 thoracic - 5 lumbar - 6 sacral - 1 coccygeal
8 cervical - 12 thoracic - 6 lumbar - 4 sacral - 1 coccygeal
8 cervical - 12 thoracic - 5 lumbar - 5 sacral - 1 coccygeal
7 cervical - 13 thoracic - 6 lumbar - 5 sacral - 1 coccygeal
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.03
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #7
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #49

50. All spinal nerves from C2 to L5 exit the vertebral column through a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

vertebral foramen.
spinal foramen.
dorsal root ganglion.
intervertebral foramen.
foramen magnum.
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.03
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #38
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #50

51. There are ________ cervical spinal nerves.


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

eight
twelve
six
five
fourteen
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.03
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #39
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #51

52. A man was in an accident and severed his spinal cord between C6 and C7. Which of the following would NOT occur?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

loss of sensation in the trunk below the shoulders, the lower limbs and portions of the arms
loss of use of the phrenic nerves and paralysis of the diaphragm
loss of movement in the lower limbs
loss of the use of the intercostals nerves, and breathing would be affected because the intercostals muscles would be paralyzed
loss of sensation and movement in the jaw
Blooms Level: Apply
Section: 12.03
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #40
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #52

53. Nerve fibers in the phrenic nerves that innervated the diaphragm arise primarily from which plexus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

brachial
cervical
lumbar
sacral
cranial
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.03
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #41
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #53

54. The brachial plexus supplies nerves that function to contract which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

the diaphragm
intercostal muscles
muscles of the arm and forearm
muscles of the lower limb
abdominal muscles
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.03
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #42
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #54

55. Dermatomal maps are important clinically because they


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

can be used to check for motor function.


locate the position of cranial nerves.
can be used to help locate nerve damage.
indicate what muscles are innervated by each spinal nerve.
can be used to detect cranial nerve damage.
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.03
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #43
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #55

56. The cutaneous sensory distribution of a spinal nerve can be mapped as a

Page 21 of 32

A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

dermatome.
plexitome.
microtome.
myotome.
superdome.
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.03
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #44
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #56

57. Ventral rami of some spinal nerves join with each other to form a
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

ganglion.
dermatome.
cord.
plexus.
nerve.
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.03
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #45
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #57

58. If the ventral root of a spinal nerve were cut, the regions innervated by that spinal nerve would experience complete loss of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

sensation.
movement.
sensation and movement.
pain.
None of these choices is correct.
Blooms Level: Understand
Section: 12.03
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #46
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #58

59. The branch of a spinal nerve that innervates deep muscles on the dorsal thorax is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

ramus communicans.
lateral ramus.
dorsal ramus.
ventral ramus.
medial ramus.
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.03
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #47
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #59

60. Intercostal nerves are formed from the


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

thoracic plexus.
ventral rami of thoracic spinal nerves.
dorsal rami of thoracic spinal nerves.
rami communicans of the thoracic spinal nerves.
cervical plexus.
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.03
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #48
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #60

61. Which of the following nerves is a branch of both the cervical plexus and the brachial plexus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

axillary
femoral
phrenic
sciatic
splanchnic
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.03
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #49
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #61

62. Damage to the phrenic nerve would result in


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

the loss of motor activity in the arms.


an increased heart rate.
an inability to swallow.
difficulty breathing.
a decreased heart rate.
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.03
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #50
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #62

63. Spinal nerves C5-T1 make up the ____________ plexus.

Page 22 of 32

A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

sacral
lumbar
brachial
cervical
radial
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.03
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #51
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #63

64. Which of the following nerves is part of the brachial plexus?


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

peroneal
ansa cervicalis
ischiadic (sciatic)
musculocutaneous
femoral
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.03
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #52
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #64

65. Improper use of crutches could cause compression of the _____ nerve.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

axillary
radial
musculocutaneous
ulnar
median
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.03
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #53
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #65

66. When a person hits their "funny bone," they cause temporary damage to the _____ nerve.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

axillary
radial
musculocutaneous
ulnar
median
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.03
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #54
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #66

67. An injury to the wrist that results in edema in the carpal tunnel would compress the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

axillary nerve.
radial nerve.
musculocutaneous nerve.
ulnar nerve.
median nerve.
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.03
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #55
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #67

68. Using the biceps brachii to flex the forearm requires innervation of the _____ nerve.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

radial
musculocutaneous
ulnar
median
axillary
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.03
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #56
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #68

69. When someone taps you on your shoulder, they stimulate the ____ nerve.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

axillary
brachial
radial
musculocutaneous
ulnar
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.03
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #57
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #69

70. If you pinch your index finger in a door, pain sensations are carried via the ____ nerve.

Page 23 of 32

A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

radial
median
axillary
musculocutaneous
ulnar
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.03
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #58
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #70

71. Which of the following nerves is associated with the lumbosacral plexus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

phrenic
median
musculocutaneous
ulnar
obturator
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.03
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #59
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #71

72. Spinal nerves exiting the cord from the level of L4 to S4 form the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

lumbar plexus.
femoral plexus.
sacral plexus.
pelvic plexus.
brachial plexus.
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.03
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #60
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #72

73. The sciatic nerve is composed of the


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

femoral nerve and the tibial nerve.


tibial nerve and the common fibular nerve.
femoral nerve and the obturator nerve.
common fibular nerve and the pudendal nerve.
superior gluteal and inferior gluteal.
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.03
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #61
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #73

74. Which nerve is involved when a dancer points his/her toes?


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

tibial
femoral
obturator
pudendal
common fibular (peroneal)
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.03
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #62
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #74

75. The gastrocnemius muscle is most likely to be innervated by the _____ nerve.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

obturator
common fibular (peroneal)
tibial
femoral
median
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.03
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #63
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #75

76. When a person sits on a hard surface for a period of time, his foot or leg may "go to sleep." This sensation is the result of compressing the
_____ nerve.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

femoral
sciatic
obturator
pudendal
ulnar
Blooms Level: Understand
Section: 12.03
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #64
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #76

Page 24 of 32

77. Adduction of the thigh involves the ___________.


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

peroneal nerve.
femoral nerve.
obturator nerve.
pudendal nerve.
tibial nerve.
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.03
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #65
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #77

78. If a person fell down the steps and then developed pain down his anterior thigh into the knee, which of the following spinal nerves was
probably damaged?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

obturator
femoral
tibial
common fibular (peroneal)
pudendal
Blooms Level: Understand
Section: 12.03
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #66
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #78

79. Branches of the ____ nerve are anesthetized before a doctor performs an episiotomy for childbirth.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

genitofemoral
gluteal
cutaneous femoral
pudendal
common fibular (peroneal)
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.03
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #67
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #79

VanPutte - Chapter 12

80. Label component "A" on the reflex arc.


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

sensory receptor
effector organ
sensory neuron
motor neuron
interneuron
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.02
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #68
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #80

81. Label component "B" on the reflex arc.


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

sensory receptor
effector organ
sensory neuron
motor neuron
interneuron
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.03
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #69
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #81

82. Label component "C" on the reflex arc.


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

sensory receptor
effector organ
sensory neuron
motor neuron
interneuron

Page 25 of 32

Blooms Level: Remember


Section: 12.02
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #70
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #82

83. Label component "D" on the reflex arc.


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

sensory receptor
effector organ
sensory neuron
motor neuron
interneuron
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.02
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #71
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #83

84. Label component "E" on the reflex arc.


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

sensory receptor
effector organ
sensory neuron
motor neuron
interneuron
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.02
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #71
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #84

VanPutte - Chapter 12

85. What does "A" represent?


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

spinal nerves
conus medullaris
cervical enlargement
filium terminale
cauda equina
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.01
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #73
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #85

86. What does "B" represent?


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

spinal nerves
conus medullaris
cervical enlargement
filium terminale
cauda equina
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.01
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #74
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #86

Page 26 of 32

87. What does "C" represent?


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

spinal nerves
conus medullaris
cervical enlargement
filium terminale
cauda equina
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.01
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #75
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #87

88. What does "D" represent?


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

spinal nerves
conus medullaris
cervical enlargement
filium terminale
cauda equina
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.01
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #76
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #88

89. What does "E" represent?


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

spinal nerves
conus medullaris
cervical enlargement
filium terminale
cauda equina
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.01
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #77
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #89

VanPutte - Chapter 12

90. What does "A" represent?


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

central canal
ventral root
dorsal root ganglion
spinal nerve
dorsal root
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.01
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #78
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #90

91. What does "B" represent?


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

central canal
ventral root
dorsal root ganglion
spinal nerve
dorsal root
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.01
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #79
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #91

92. What does "C" represent?


A. central canal
B. ventral root

Page 27 of 32

C. dorsal root ganglion


D. spinal nerve
E. dorsal root
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.01
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #80
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #92

93. What does "D" represent?


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

central canal
ventral root
dorsal root ganglion
spinal nerve
dorsal root
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.01
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #81
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #93

94. What does "E" represent?


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

central canal
ventral root
dorsal root ganglion
spinal nerve
dorsal root
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.01
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #82
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #94

Match the nerve to the correct function.


A. provides motor innervation to the biceps brachii
B. innervates two forearm muscles plus most of the intrinsic hand muscles
C. innervates all but one of the flexor muscles of the forearm and most of the hand muscles near the thumb
D. innervates the deltoid and teres minor muscles
E. innervates the triceps brachii
VanPutte - Chapter 12

95. axillary nerve


D
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.03
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #83
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #95

96. radial nerve


E
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.03
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #84
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #96

97. musculocutaneous nerve


A
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.03
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #85
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #97

98. ulnar nerve


B
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.03
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #86
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #98

99. median nerve


C
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.03
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #87
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #99

Match the disorder with its description.


A. pain radiating down the back of the thigh and leg
B. stiffness in the neck and headache

Page 28 of 32

C. inflammation of a nerve
D. pain along a nerve tract
E. loss of sensation
VanPutte - Chapter 12

100. anesthesia
E
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.03
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #88
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #100

101. neuritis
C
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.03
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #89
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #101

102. neuralgia
D
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.03
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #90
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #102

103. sciatica
A
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.03
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #91
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #103

104. meningitis
B
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.03
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #92
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #104

Match the nerve with the appropriate description.


A. innervates the iliopsoas, sartorius, and quadriceps femoris
B. innervates muscles of the pelvic floor
C. innervates the muscles that adduct the thigh
D. innervates the anterior and lateral muscles of the leg
E. branches to form the medial and lateral plantar nerves
VanPutte - Chapter 12

105. obturator nerve


C
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.03
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #93
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #105

106. femoral nerve


A
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.03
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #94
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #106

107. tibial nerve


E
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.03
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #95
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #107

108. common fibular nerve


D
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.03
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #96
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #108

Page 29 of 32

109. coccygeal plexus


B
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.03
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #97
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #109

Match the term with the most appropriate description.


A. stretch reflex
B. Golgi tendon reflex
C. withdrawal reflex
D. crossed extensor reflex
E. reciprocal innervation
VanPutte - Chapter 12

110. removing hand from a hot iron


C
Blooms Level: Understand
Section: 12.02
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #98
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #110

111. a reflex that helps prevent falls


D
Blooms Level: Understand
Section: 12.02
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #99
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #111

112. partially responsible for a weight lifter suddenly dropping a weight that is too heavy
B
Blooms Level: Understand
Section: 12.02
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #100
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #112

113. associated with withdrawal and stretch reflex


E
Blooms Level: Understand
Section: 12.02
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #101
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #113

114. the knee-jerk


A
Blooms Level: Understand
Section: 12.02
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #102
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #114

Match the term with the correct definition.


A. functional unit of the nervous system
B. most superficial and thickest meninx
C. the middle meninx
D. the meninx bound tightly to brain and spinal cord
E. separates dura mater from periosteum
VanPutte - Chapter 12

115. pia mater


D
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.01
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #103
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #115

116. dura mater


B
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.01
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #104
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #116

117. reflex arc


A

Page 30 of 32

Blooms Level: Remember


Section: 12.02
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #105
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #117

118. epidural space


E
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.01
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #106
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #118

119. arachnoid mater


C
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.01
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #107
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #119

120. In the PNS, nerves are held together by ___________.


epineurium
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.03
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #108
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #120

121. Cutaneous sensory distribution of a spinal nerve can be mapped as a _______.


dermatome
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.03
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #109
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #121

122. The largest peripheral nerve in the body is the ______ nerve.
sciatic
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.03
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #110
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #122

123. Branches of the pudendal nerve are anesthetized during childbirth before the doctor performs a(an) ______________.
episiotomy
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.03
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #111
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #123

124. The __________ __________ is the basic functional unit of the nervous system and is capable of receiving a stimulus and producing a
response.
reflex arc
Blooms Level: Remember
Section: 12.02
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #112
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12 #124

Page 31 of 32

12 Summary
Category

Blooms Level: Apply


Blooms Level: Remember
Blooms Level: Understand
Section: 12.01
Section: 12.02
Section: 12.03
Seeley: 012 Chapter...
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #1
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #10
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #100
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #101
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #102
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #103
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #104
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #105
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #106
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #107
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #108
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #109
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #11
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #110
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #111
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #112
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #12
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #13
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #14
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #15
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #16
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #17
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #18
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #19
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #2
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #20
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #21
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #22
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #23
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Seeley: 012 Chapter... #25
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #26
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #27
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #28
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #29
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #3
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #30
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #31
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #32
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #33
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #34
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #35
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #36
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #37
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #38
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #39
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #4
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #40
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #41
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #42
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #43
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Seeley: 012 Chapter... #45
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #46
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #47
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #48
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #49
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #5
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #50

# of Questions

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Page 32 of 32

Seeley: 012 Chapter... #51


Seeley: 012 Chapter... #52
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #53
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #54
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #55
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Seeley: 012 Chapter... #57
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Seeley: 012 Chapter... #6
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Seeley: 012 Chapter... #7
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Seeley: 012 Chapter... #71
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Seeley: 012 Chapter... #74
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #75
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #76
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #77
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #78
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #79
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #8
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #80
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #81
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #82
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #83
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #84
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #85
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #86
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #87
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #88
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #89
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #9
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #90
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #91
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #92
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #93
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #94
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #95
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #96
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #97
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #98
Seeley: 012 Chapter... #99
Topic: Nervous System
VanPutte - Chapter 12

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