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COLD WORKING TOOL

STEELS

COLD WORK TOOL STEELS

For high performance service

Abrasion resistance, Strength

Characteristics of YSS Cold Work Tool Steels


HAP72
XVC5

P/M high speed steel


Strength

HAP40

YXM4

HAP10

YXM1

Toughness

Strength
Abrasion resistance

S-MAGIC

SLD

SLD8
Air hardened steel

ACD37

YXR7

HAP5R
Matrix high speed steel

YXR3
ARK1

Toughness

YXR33 DAC

Excellent machinability

SGT
Flame hardend steel

YCS3

Simplified small
production

Free cutting and


pre-hardened steel

DAC
Toughness

Comparison of charactistics
YSS
grade

Abrasion
resistance

Pressure
resistance

Strength
at elevated
temperature

Toughness

S-MAGIC

SLD

ARK1

B+
A

A
A+

B+

C
D

SLD8

Hardenability

Distortion
by heat
treatment

Machinability Weldability

Standard
hardness
(HRC)

A+
A+

A+
A+

58~62

57~63

A+
A+

A+

58~60

B+

58~63

59~65

A+
B

57~63

C
A+

57~63

CRD

A
A+

YCS3

SGT

C
B+

57~63

C
A+

ACD37

55~60

HMD5
HMD1

55~60

HPM1
HPM2T

40

YXM1

58~64

YXM4

A++

A+
A+

A+

62~66

XVC5

A+++

A++

63~67

YXR7

A++
A+

B
B

B
A+

A+

A+
A++

B+
B+

C
C+

61~65

YXR3

C+

54~58

A+

58~62

62~65

C+

64~67

68~71

SLD10

YXR33

HAP5R

HAP10

A+

HAP40

A++

A+
A++

A++

HAP72

A+++

A+++

A+++

A
B
A

(A is the uppermost level and + indicates higher performance)

58~61

COLD WORK TOOL STEELS

Applications and YSS grade Features


YSS
grade

Main applications

Features

S-MAGIC
(NEW)

Cold work dies for high-tensile steels,


SUS, mass production, and general use.

High performance cold work tool steel attaining both extended mold
lifespan and outstandingly easy mold fabrication. 60~62 HRC with
high temperature. tempering. Excellent wear & galling resistance.

SLD

Cold work dies for general use, forming


roll, shear.

Cold work die steel with high abrasion resistance for general use,
excellent harden-ability and minimal quench stress.

ARK1

Dies for printed circuit board,


die plates, stripper plates.

Cold work die steel with high toughness and improved machinability.
The same heat treatment conditions as SKD11.

SLD8

Rolling dies, cold forging dies.

62HRC or more with high temperature tempering, superior


machinability and toughness.

SLD10

Rolling dies.

Extremely highest hardness in die steels.


62-64HRC, with excellent toughness.

CRD

Drawing dies, blanking dies for mass


production, brick liner.

Cold work die steel with highest abrasion resistance.

YCS3

Press forming dies, jigs and tools.

Carbon tool steel for small production to be quenched in oil , easy to


heat-treat.

SGT

Dies for deep drawing, gauges.

Cold work die steel with superior machinability for generaluse; Be careful
with quenching large dies and wire electric discharge machining.

ACD37

Dies for deep drawing, gauges.

Vacuum quenched and air quenched steel, improved for SGT as to


hardenability and wire electric discharge machinability.

HMD5
HMD1

Dies for deep drawing.

Steel for flame hardening, resulting in high hardness and small strain
even with air quenched; good weldability.

HPM1

Press forming dies for small production,


jigs and tools.

Free cutting and fully hardened steel, good nitriding characteristics.

YXM1

Cold forging dies,


cold heading dies, slitter.

High speed steel with high abrasion resistance and toughness for
general use.

YXM4
XVC5

Cold forging dies, drawing dies.

High speed steel to prevent from abrasion, seizure and deformation


under high pressure.

YXR7

Rolling dies, cold forging dies, roll, cold


forging panches, blanking panches.

Matrix high speed steel, extremely highest toughness in 62-65HRC.


available to vacuum quenching.

YXR3

Dies to be used for cracking or chip


breaking resistance.

Matrix high speed steel for general use, extremely highest toughness
in 58-61HRC.

YXR33

Cold forging dies,


warm forging dies.

Matrix high speed steel extremely highest toughness in high speed


steels.

HAP5R

Cold forging dies, fine blanking dies.

Standard hardness 56-58HRC.


Extremely tough Powder Metallurgy process high speed steel.

HAP10

Fine blanking dies.

Extremely tough Powder Metallurgy process high speed steel.

HAP40

Press forming dies for mass production,


roll.

P/M high speed steel with high abrasion resistance and toughness
for general use.

HAP72

Cold plastic working dies of long life,


high performanced IC molds.

P/M high speed steel with high hardness and highest abrasion
resistance.

Type and Chemical Compositions


Grade
YSS
S-MAGIC
SLD

JIS equivalent

Chemical Composition (%)


C

Si

Mn

Ni

Cr

Mo

Co

1.00

0.35

High performance cold work tool steel

Patent pending
SKD11

1.50

0.25

0.45

0.025 0.010

12.00

ARK1

Patented steel

High toughness cold work tool steel

SLD8

Patented steel

High strength cold work tool steel

CRD

SKD1

2.10

0.25

0.45

0.025 0.010

13.50

YCS3

SKS93

1.05

0.35

0.80

0.030 0.030

0.40

SGT

SKS3

0.95

0.25

1.05

0.025 0.010

0.75

0.75

0.85

0.25

2.10

0.025 0.010

1.20

1.50

ACD37
HMD5

Flame hardened tool steel

Original steel

COLD WORK TOOL STEELS

HMD1
HPM1

Patented steel

0.12

0.30

0.90

0.025 0.10

3.00

0.30

Cu2.2

Al1.0

YXM1

SKH51

0.85

0.25

0.35

0.025 0.010

4.15

6.50

5.30

2.05

YXM4

SKH55

0.85

0.25

0.35

0.025 0.010

4.15

6.50

5.30

2.05

5.00

XVC5

SKH57

1.25

0.25

0.35

0.025 0.010

4.15

10.00

3.50

3.45

10.00

YXR7

Original steel

Matrix high speed steel

Patented steel

Extremely tough matrix high speed steel

YXR3
YXR33
HAP5R

P/M high

HAP10

speed steels

1.3

5.0

3.0

6.0

4.0

HAP40

SKH40

1.3

4.0

6.0

5.0

3.0

8.0

HAP72

Patented steel

2.1

4.0

9.5

8.2

5.0

9.5

Extremely tough P/M high speed steel

Heat Treatment

(1)Annealing

(2)Holding time at hardening temperature

1. All material is delivered as spheroidized annealed


condition.
2. When used after reforging, spheroidized annealing is
to be done before hardening.
3. Stress relief annealing is to be done in order to
remove stress occured by cold working such as cold
drawing, cold rolling or cutting and machining.
Heating temperature: 650-700C
Holding time: 1h/25mm thickness

High speed tool steel

1. Preheating time 1st stage: 30 minutes for every


25 mm of the tool at 500-550C
2nd stage: (holding time X 2) at 850C
3nd stage: (holding time X 2) at 1,050C
Preheating is (holding time X 2) at 900C for small thickness (50
mm max.) and simple shape tools, and wherever facilities are limited.
The first stage can be omitted for small tools.

2. Holding time at hardening temperature (holding time)


Thickness (mm)

Furnace type

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

Holding time (sec)

60

90

160

240

280

350

390

420

440

495

Thickness X multiple

X12

X9

X8

X8

X7

X7

X6.5

X6

X5.5

X5.5

Time

Note: Use the holding time in the salt bath as the immersion time.

Cold die steels, alloy tool steels and carbon tool steels

1. Preheating time 1st stage: (holding time X 2) at 500-550C


2nd stage: (holding time X 1) at 750-800C
(Unnecessary for SK, SKS)

Except that preheating can be omitted wherever an electric furnace is used or for small tools (50mm or less thickness) and simple
shape tools.

2. Holding time at hardening temperature (holding time)


Furnace type
Salt bath or
electric furnace

Thickness (mm)

Time

Holding time (min)

15

25

50

75

100

125

150

200

300

15

25

40

50

60

65

70

80

100

Note: Using salt bath needs preheating and the holding time used as the immersion time.

(3)Holding time at tempering temperature


Thickness (mm)
Holding time for
tempering (h)

25

26~35

36~64

65~84

85~124

125~174

175~249

250~349

350~499

1.5

Note: Apply this standard to tempering at 500C or more, and increase elongate tempering time to tempering temperature X 1.5 for 250-500C
and holding time X 2 for tempering temperature less than 250C

(4)Dimensional changes after heat treatment


0.25
Radial direction
Dimensional change rate (%)

COLD WORK TOOL STEELS

Salt bath

0.20

Longitudinal direction

0.15

0.10

0.05

S-MAGIC SLD
ARK1
SLD8
ACD37
1,025C 1,025C 1,025C 1,025C
850C
505C 200C
520C
530C
200C

SGT
825C
200C

YCS3
YXM1
YXR7
YXR3
YXR33 HAP10 HAP40
800C 1,200C 1,160C 1,150C 1,140C 1,130C 1,130C Hardening temperature
200C
575C
560C
570C
580C
570C
570C Tempering temperature

Heat Treatment
(5) Standard heat treatment conditions
Annealing
Temperature (C)

Hardening
Hardness
(HBW)

Tempering

Temperature (C)

Temperature (C)

Hardness
(HRC)

480~530 Air cooling

60

S-MAGIC

830-880
Slow cooling

255

SLD

830-880
Slow cooling

248

1010-1040
Air quenching
1000-1050 (980-1030)
Air quenching (Oil quenching)

150~200 Air cooling

58

ARK1

830-880
Slow cooling

248

1010-1040
Air quenching

480~530 Air cooling

58

SLD8

830-880
Slow cooling

248

520~550 Air cooling

60

CRD

830-880
Slow cooling

248

1020-1040
Air quenching
930-980 (950-1000)
Oil quenching (Air quenching)

150~200 Air cooling

61

YCS3

750-780
Slow cooling

212

790-850
Oil quenching

150~200 Air cooling

63

SGT

750-780
Slow cooling

217

800-850
Oil quenching

150~200 Air cooling

60

ACD37

750-800
Slow cooling

235

830-870
Air quenching

150~200 Air cooling

58

HMD5 / HMD1

825-875
Slow cooling

235

Flame hardening

550~570 Air cooling

63

560~580 Air cooling

64

550~580 Air cooling

64

550~580 Air cooling

61

YXM1

800-880
Slow cooling

255

YXM4

800-880
Slow cooling

277

XVC5

820-880
Slow cooling

285

YXR7

800-880
Slow cooling

241

YXR3

800-880
Slow cooling

241

(1)1220-1240 (2)1200-1220
Oil quenching
(1)1230-1250 (2)1210-1230
Oil quenching
(1)1230-1250 (2)1210-1230
Oil quenching
(1)1160-1180 (2)1120-1160
Oil quenching
(1)1150-1170 (2)1130-1150
Oil quenching

560~590 Air cooling

58

YXR33

800-880
Slow cooling

241

1080-1160
Oil quenching

550~600 Air cooling

55

HAP5R

820-870
Slow cooling

269

530~580 Air cooling

58

HAP10

820-870
Slow cooling

269

530~580 Air cooling

61

HAP40

820-870
Slow cooling

277

1120-1160
Oil quenching
(1)1170-1190 (2)1120-1170
Oil quenching
(1)1190-1210 (2)1120-1190
Oil quenching

560~580 Air cooling

64

HAP72

820-870
Slow cooling

352

1180-1210
Oil quenching

560~580Air cooling

68

(1) Simple shape tools


(2) The others, especially needs toughness
*Sample size is 15mm square or round and 20mm length based on the JIS Standard hardness test.

(6) Hardenability

(Half temperature time: time requred to cool from


the austenitizing temperature to half that temperature)
{(austenitizing temperature + room temperature) / 2}

70

60

Maximum diameter of bar for which the center


hardness of 60HRC can be achieved

YXR7(1,180C)
SGT(850C)

50

CRD
(980C)
YXM1(1,180C)
SLD(1,025C)

XVC5
(1,230C)

40
Hardness
(HRC)

COLD WORK TOOL STEELS

YSS grade

30

20

10
1.0

20

70

180

2.0

3.0 4.0

6.0 8.0 10

170

20

30

40

550
60

80 100

Half temperature time (min)

200

400

600 8001,000

[ :air quenching,

:oil quenching]

Quenched and tempered hardness curve


S-MAGIC

ARK1

SLD

70

70

70
1,050C
1,050C

65

65

1,010C

60

Hardness (HRC)

55

1,000C
55

55

50

50

45

45

45

40

100 200 300 400 500 600


Tempering temperature (C)

CRD

40

0 100 200 300 400 500 600


Tempering temperature (C)

1,030C

60

50

40

100 200 300 400 500 600


Tempering temperature (C)

SGT

YCS3

70

70

70

(Oil quenching)

(Oil quenching)
1,000C

850C

925C

40

30

YCS3
(820C Oil quenching)
50

Hardness (HRC)

975C
50

60

60
Hardness (HRC)

Hardness (HRC)

60

30

0 100 200 300 400 500 600

800C
825C
50

40

40

30
0

Tempering temperature (C)

ACD37

100
200
300
400
Tempering temperature (C)

YXM1

68

68

66

66

100 200 300 400 500

HAP5R
68

1,240C
1,220C

66
1,180C

1,200C

64

64

60
880C

62
1,180C
60

Hardness (HRC)

855C

Hardness (HRC)

64

62

1,160C
1,140C

62

60

1,160C

58

58

58

56

56

56

54

Tempering temperature (C)

830C

Hardness (HRC)

COLD WORK TOOL STEELS

1,025C

60

Hardness (HRC)

Hardness (HRC)

1,030C

65

1,120C
1,100C

100
200
300
Tempering temperature (C)

54

500 520 540 560 580 600 620


Tempering temperature (C)

54

500 520 540 560 580 600


Tempering temperature (C)

Quenched and tempered hardness curve


YXR7

YXR33

YXR3

70

66

62

64

60

62

58

1,160C

66

1,160C
1,140C

64

Hardness (HRC)

Hardness (HRC)

1,180C

62
1,120C

1,175C
1,150C
1,125C

60
58
56

Hardness (HRC)

68
1,140C

56

1,120C

54
52

54

50

52

48

50

46

60

48

500 520 540 560 580 600

66

550

600

44

700

58
56

1,025C

70
1,160C
1,180C
68

66
Hardness (HRC)

64

62

520 540 560 580 600


Tempering temperature (C)

1,200C
1,220C

66

64

60
1,100C
1,075C
1,050C
1,025C

58

54
52

650

HAP72

1,200C
1,180C
1,160C
1,140C
1,120C

68

Hardness (HRC)
1,100C
1,075C
1,050C

600

72

64

60

550

Tempering temperature (C)

70

1,200C
1,180C
1,160C
1,140C
1,120C

62

500

HAP40

HAP10
70
68

500

Tempering temperature (C)

Tempering temperature (C)

Hardness (HRC)

COLD WORK TOOL STEELS

58

56

520 540 560 580 600


Tempering temperature (C)

62

60

500 520 540 560 580 600


Tempering temperature (C)

Properties

Abrasion resistance

Specific abrasion volume(mm3/mm2 mm)X10-7

Hardness (HRC)

S-MAGIC

62.0

SLD

60.0

ARK1

59.0

SLD8

62.5

YCS3

60.0

SGT

60.0

ACD37

60.0

YXM1

65.5

XVC5

67.0

YXR7

65.0

YXR3

59.0

YXR33

58.0

HAP5R

60.0

HAP10

64.0

HAP40

67.0

HAP72

70.0

0.5

1.0

1.5

2.0

The Ogoshi type abrasion


tester was used to
determine abrasion
resistance of matched
SCM415 samples, tested
under the following
conditions: abrasion length
of 400 mm, load of 67N,
and friction speed of 0.78 m/sec.

Toughness
(kgf/mm2)

(N/mm2)
YXR3

600
ARK1

400

Bending strength

YXR7

YXM1

HAP10

5,000

HAP5R

S-MAGIC

SLD

300

HAP40
YXM4
XVC5
V60

SGT
CRD

4,000
HAP72

56

58

60

3,000

V50
V40

200
100

6,000

62
64
66
Hardness (HRC)

68

70

72

2,000

(J/cm2)
200
Charpy impact value

(kgf-m/cm2)
20

1,000

YXR33

10R Charpy impact value

500
Bending Strength

COLD WORK TOOL STEELS

YSS grade

YS

150

15

YXR3

10

S-MAGIC

SLD
2

100

ARK1

0 54

HAP5R

56

58

60
HA
P1
0
HAP40 YXR
7
YXM
YXM4 1

60
62
64
Hardness (HRC)

40

HAP7
2
XVC5

66

68

70

20
0

Available Size Range (by Rolling)

Round and Spuare Bars

(Unit: mm)

Shape
diameter or
parallel side

Dimension

Round bar
0

0.5

1.5

2.5

3.5

5.5

Square bar
6

6.5

7.5

8.5

9.5

9.5

180
170
160
150
140
130
120
110
100
90

COLD WORK TOOL STEELS

80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0

Flat Bars
Width (mm)

50

Thickness
(mm)

65

75

90

105

130

6
10
13
16
19
25
32
38
50
65
75
100
110
120
130
140

10

155

185

205

255

305

355

405

460

Hitachi Metals, Ltd.


Head Office

http://www.hitachi-metals.co.jp/

SEAVANS North Building, 1-2-1, Shibaura, Minato-ku,


Tokyo 105-8614, Japan Specialty Steel Company

Tel. +81-3-5765-4410
Fax. +81-3-5765-8317

Hitachi Metals America, Ltd.


Head Office

2 Manhattanville Road, Suite 301,


Purchase, NY 10577, U.S.A.

Other Office

Chicago, Detroit, Charlotte, San Jose

Tel. +1-914-694-9200
Fax. +1-914-694-9279

Hitachi Metals Europe GmbH


Head Office

Immermannstrasse 14-16,40210 Duesseldorf,


Germany

Tel. +49-211-16009-0
Fax. +49-211-16009-29

Hitachi Metals Singapore Pte. Ltd.


12 Gul Avenue, Singapore 629656

Tel. +65-6861-7711
Fax. +65-6861-1519

Hitachi Metals (Shanghai) Ltd.


11F, Tian An Center, No.338 NanJing Road (West),
Shanghai, 200003, China

Tel. +86-21-6358-6368
Fax. +86-21-6358-6327

Hitachi Metals(Dong Guan)Specialty Steel Co.,Ltd.


Guangzhou
Liaison Office

Cha Shan Town, Dong Guan City, 522380 China

Tel. +86-769-640-6726
Fax. +86-769-640-6716

Dalian Branch

3-2, Koushin Mould Industrial Park III B-1-1-1F.


T. Z. Dalian, China

Tel. +86-411-8718-1011/1022
Fax. +86-411-8718-1033

Tianjin Branch No.13 Workshop, Wenxin Industrial Park, Jingxiang

Road, Xiaodian Town, Beichen Economic


Development Zone, Tianjin, China

Tel. +86-22-8699-3101/3102
Fax. +86-22-8699-3103

Hitachi Metals, Ltd.


Beijing
Liaison Office

Room No.1418, Beijing Fortune Building,5 Dong San Tel. +86-10-6590-8775


Huan Bei-Lu, Chaoyang District, Beijing, 100004 China Fax. +86-10-6590-8776

Guangzhou
Liaison Office

R3303, Metro plaza,183 Tianhebei Road Tianhe


District, Guangzhou city, Guangdong, 510075 China

Tel. +86-20-8755-3649
Fax. +81-20-8755-3650

The characteristics listed in this catalog are representative average


values which may differ from actual product characteristics.

This catalog and its contents are subject to change without notice.
Do not duplicate this catalog without
Metals,Ltd.

permission from Hitachi

Please contact a representative of our Specialty Steel Division if


there are any questions or problems.

Our address and contact indicated in this catalog are those as of November 2007.
If you cannot put a call through, please contact our Corporate Communication Group.
in Tokyo below.
Tel:+81-3-5765-4076
Fax:+81-3-5765-8312
E-mail : hmcc@hitachi-metals.co.jp

January 2008 (PDF)