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Knowledge Is Power

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


for Energy Delivery

Brief Introduction for Automated Relay


Testing
(Relay Type: RET670)
Kamin Dave
Manager Marketing & Protection Applications
South Asia & Middle East

DOBLE ENGINEERING COMPANY, India

Protection Relay Testing:

Testing of Differential Protection


Relay type RET670

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


for Energy Delivery

Relay Details: RET670


Three Wdgs Differential Protection relays
Automatic calculation for Correction factor
based on CTR
Settings for Transformer & CT vector group
compensations
2nd Harmonic Blocking during inrush
period due to point on wave switching
5th Harmonic Blocking for Over excitation
phenomena

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


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Relay Details: RET670

MAKE
: ABB
MODEL
: RET670
LOCATION : GETCO, 220KV Dahej S/S
Relay Settings:
Differential Element:
HV Voltage = 220KV
LV Voltage = 66KV
Transformer MVA = 100MVA
Transformer VECTOR GROUP = YnYn0.
CT CONNECTION = YY
IDMin> = 0.2PU
ID>> = 8.0PU
Slope section2 = 30%
Slope section3 = 70%
End section1 = 1.25PU
End section2 = 2.75PU
In = 1A
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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


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Relay Details: RET670


MAKE
: ABB
MODEL : RET670
LOCATION: GETCO, 220KV Dahej S/S

Relay Settings:
Differential Element:

CT Ratio on HV Side = 300/1A


Transformer full load current at HV side = 262.36A
Calculated correction factor at HV side = 1.141965
CT Ratio on LV Side = 1200/1A
Transformer full load current at LV side = 874.54A
Calculated correction factor at LV side = 1.370358
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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


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Relay Characteristic: Dual Slope


Second slope
is start from
End section2

First slope is
start from
End section1

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


for Energy Delivery

Relay Characteristic: Dual Slope

SLP1=20%

SLP2=70%

Relay Characteristic plotted based


on settings

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


for Energy Delivery

Relay Details: RET670


FLC on TR HV side1:
IFLC = (100*1000) / (1.7325*220)
= 262.36 Ampere
FLC on TR LV side2:
IFLC = (100*1000) / (1.7325*66)
= 874.54 Ampere
CF1 = (1*300) / (262.36*1) = 1.141965
CF2 = (1*1200) / (874.54*1) = 1.370358

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


for Energy Delivery

Relay Details: RET670


Start

Phase current for


side1

Y/N

Zero sequence
current side1

Zero sequence
current
reduction

Phase current for


side2

Deduct zero
sequence
current

Zero sequence
current
reduction

Y/N

Perform Angle
compensation

Deduct zero
sequence
current

Y/N

Perform magnitude
compensation

Zero sequence
current side2

Perform magnitude
compensation
Perform
differential
current

Perform Angle
compensation

Perform differential
Vs Restraint char.

Trip decision

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


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Y/N

Relay Details: RET670


The power transformer differential protection:
1.

Calculates three fundamental frequency differential currents,


and one common bias current. The zero-sequence component
can optionally be eliminated from each of the three
fundamental frequency differential currents, and at the same
time from the common bias current.

2.

Calculates three instantaneous differential currents. They are


used for harmonic, and waveform analysis. Instantaneous
differential currents are useful for post-fault analysis using
disturbance recording

3.

Calculates negative-sequence differential current,


Contributions to it from both (all three) power transformer
sides are used by the internal/external fault discriminator to
detect and classify a fault as internal or external.

Knowledge Is Power

SM

Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


for Energy Delivery

Relay Details: RET670

Knowledge Is Power

SM

Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


for Energy Delivery

Relay Details: RET670


The power transformer differential protection:
1.

Positive sequence components are presents during Phase to


Phase faults, Phase to Ground faults & 3-phase faults.

2.

Negative sequence components are presents during Phase to


Phase faults & Phase to Ground faults

3.

Zero sequence components are presnets during Phase to


Ground faults & 2 phase to Ground faults (Generally on HV
bushings)

Knowledge Is Power

SM

Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


for Energy Delivery

Relay Details: RET670


Normal Load Condition

100MVA
220/66kV

I1

I2

IB1
IR1

IR1

IY1
Positive seq. components

IY1

IB1
I1@0O

I2@180O

Positive seq. components

Negative sequence components are very less or


almost zero
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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


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Relay Details: RET670


Power system fault data (External fault) simulated:
HV SIDE:
Phasor Data
IR = 5A@65O
IY = 5A@245O
IB = 0.1A@130O
Positive sequence components
IR1 = 2.887A@35O
IY1 = 2.887A@275O
IB1 = 2.887A@155O
Negative sequence components
IR2 = 2.887A@95O
IY2 = 2.887A@335O
IB2 = 2.887A@215O
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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


for Energy Delivery

Relay Details: RET670


Power system fault data (External fault) simulated:
LV SIDE:
Phasor Data
IR = 5A@245O
IY = 5A@65O
IB = 0.1A@310O
Positive sequence components
IR1 = 2.887A@215O
IY1 = 2.887A@95O
IB1 = 2.887A@335O
Negative sequence components
IR2 = 2.887A@-85O
IY2 = 2.887A@155O
IB2 = 2.887A@35O
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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


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Relay Details: RET670


External Fault Condition

100MVA
220/66kV

I1

Y
Positive seq. components

Positive seq. components

IB1

IR2

IB2

IR1

F1

I2

IY1

IR1

IB1

IY1
I1@65O
IY2

I2@245O

IY2

IB2
IR2

Negative seq. components

Negative seq. components

Negative sequence components are significant but opposite in direction

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SM

Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


for Energy Delivery

Relay Details: RET670


Power system fault data (Internal fault) simulated:
HV SIDE:
Phasor Data
IR = 5A@73O
IY = 5A@253O
IB = 0.1A@130O
Positive sequence components
IR1 = 2.887A@43O
IY1 = 2.887A@283O
IB1 = 2.887A@163O
Negative sequence components
IR2 = 2.887A@103O
IY2 = 2.887A@343O
IB2 = 2.887A@223O
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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


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Relay Details: RET670


Power system fault data (Internal fault) simulated:
LV SIDE:
Phasor Data
IR = 5A@68O
IY = 5A@248O
IB = 0.1A@100O
Positive sequence components
IR1 = 2.887A@38O
IY1 = 2.887A@278O
IB1 = 2.887A@158O
Negative sequence components
IR2 = 2.887A@98O
IY2 = 2.887A@338O
IB2 = 2.887A@218O
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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


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Relay Details: RET670


Internal Fault Condition

100MVA
220/66kV

I1

F1

I2

Positive seq. components

Positive seq. components

IB1

IR2

IB2

IR1

IY1
I1@73O
IY2

IR1

IB1

IR2

I2@68O

IB2

Negative seq. components

IY1
IY2

Negative seq. components

Negative sequence components are significant & in same direction

Knowledge Is Power

SM

Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


for Energy Delivery

Relay Details: RET670


Figure from Manual

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


for Energy Delivery

Relay Details: RET670


100MVA
220/66kV

I1
Positive seq. components

IB1

IR2

IB2

Side1

IR1

External Fault Condition & Side2


CT saturate for 3 cycles
F1
I2

Side2

Positive seq. components

IY1

IR1

IB1

IY1
I1@65O
IY2

I2@245O

IY2

IB2
IR2

Negative seq. components

Negative seq. components

Negative sequence components flows through Side2 CT is higher than


Side1 CT but Positive seq. components are lower than Side1 CT

Knowledge Is Power

SM

Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


for Energy Delivery

Relay Details: RET670


100MVA
220/66kV

I1
Positive seq. components

Internal Fault Condition & Side1


CT saturate

Side1

F1

I2

Side2

IB1
E

IR2

IB2

IY2

IR1

IB1

IY1
I1@73O

Positive seq. components

IR2

I2@68O

IB2

IY1
IY2

Negative seq. components

Negative seq. components

Negative sequence components flows through side1 CT is higher than side2


CT but same in direction

Knowledge Is Power

SM

Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


for Energy Delivery

Relay Details: RET670


Figure from Manual

Knowledge Is Power

SM

Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


for Energy Delivery

Relay Details: RET670


Inrush Detection by Adaptive Techniques:
The combination of the 2nd harmonic and waveform analysis methods,
allows the relay designer to optimize the detection of inrush currents while
avoiding some of the potential drawbacks. One possible way, with good
field experience, is to combine these methods as follows:
Employ both the 2nd harmonic and the waveform criteria to detect
the initial inrush condition
One minute after power transformer energizing, the 2nd harmonic
criterion can be disabled in order to avoid long clearance times for
heavy internal faults and the waveform criterion alone can take
care of the sympathetic and recovery inrush scenarios; and,
Temporarily enable the 2nd harmonic criterion for six seconds when
a heavy external fault has been detected, to gain additional
security for external faults.

Knowledge Is Power

SM

Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


for Energy Delivery

Relay Details: RET670

Knowledge Is Power

SM

Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


for Energy Delivery

Relay Details: RET670


Setting Parameters

Knowledge Is Power

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


for Energy Delivery

Relay Details: RET670


Setting Parameters

Knowledge Is Power

SM

Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


for Energy Delivery

Relay Details: RET670


Setting Parameters

Knowledge Is Power

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


for Energy Delivery

Test Equipment

Make

: DOBLE

Model : F6150

Software

F6TesT Version 2.21-1156

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


for Energy Delivery

Knowledge Is Power

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


for Energy Delivery

Test Circuit:
Source Configurations:
Six current sources
Winding 1 currents
Winding 2 currents

I1

IA
IB

IC

RET

I2

I3

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


for Energy Delivery

Winding1 & Winding2


CT connections
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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


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F6150 Test set

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


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Tests Conducted:
Pickup test for Winding1
Pickup test for winding2
Slope Characteristic test
Stability test

Knowledge Is Power

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


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Winding Pickup Test


Use RAMP Module

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


for Energy Delivery

Winding Pickup Test:


Pickup Test for Winding1 (WDG1):Ipickup = (ID)*(1/CF1)
= (0.2)*(1/1.141965)

= 0.1752A
Pickup Test for Winding2 (WDG2):Ipickup = (ID)*(1/CF2)
= (0.2)*(1/1.3701558)

= 0.1459A
Not need to enter correction factor for CTR matching. Relay will
Automatically adjust TAP value based on CTR
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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


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Winding Pickup Test:

How to Create Test Plan???

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


for Energy Delivery

Location Level1

Right click on Mouse & click on


Append to create new Location
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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


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Location Level2

Right click on Mouse & Click on


Append to create location of
feeder

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


for Energy Delivery

Relay Level

Right click on Mouse & Click on


Append to create relay

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


for Energy Delivery

Test plan Level

Right click on Mouse & Press Append


& create New Testplan
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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


for Energy Delivery

Double click on New test plan (Say; 87T)

Knowledge Is Power

SM

Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


for Energy Delivery

Right click on Mouse & Press on Append


& Create new Test Module
Knowledge Is Power

SM

Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


for Energy Delivery

Select RAMP Module from list

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


for Energy Delivery

Press on OK & Create New Test Definition


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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


for Energy Delivery

Select 6 Currents (Right bank)


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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


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Press on Yes
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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


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Winding 1 Pick up Test


Select Trigger

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


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Winding 1 Pick up Test

Ramp Graph
Enter Action details

WDG1 current sources

Enter Expected Value = 0.175A

Result = 0.18A
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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


for Energy Delivery

Relay operated on this


point

Enter CT ratio (300/1A) of


winding1 current

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Select values in Primary

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


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Shows Primary values (300*0.175 = 52.5A) & (300*0.18=54A) of winding1


current
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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


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Winding 2 Pick up Test

Ramp Graph
Enter Action details

WDG1 current sources

Enter Expected Value = 0.145A

Result = 0.17A
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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


for Energy Delivery

Relay operated on this


point

Enter CT ratio (1200/1A) of


winding2 current

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


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Shows Primary values (1200*0.145 = 174A) & (1200*0.16=204A) of winding2


current
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Winding 2 Pick up Test

Ramp Graph
Enter Action details

WDG1 current sources

Enter Expected Value = 0.217A

Result = 0.23A
Knowledge Is Power

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


for Energy Delivery

Relay operated on this


point

Slope Characteristic Test for


YnYn0 TR Configuration
Use DiffChar Module

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


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Slope Characteristic Test:


YnYn0

Vector Compensation

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


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How to Create Slope


Characteristic???

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


for Energy Delivery

Option1: How To Draw


Slope Characteristic
in F6TEST software??

Click on Add button


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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


for Energy Delivery

Option1: How To Draw


Slope Characteristic
in F6TEST software??

Select Differential
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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


for Energy Delivery

Option1: How To Draw


Slope Characteristic
in F6TEST software??

Bias current Formula:

Ibias = MaxIIPI * IISI

Select Bias current (Ibias) formula from list


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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


for Energy Delivery

Option1: How To Draw


Slope Characteristic
in F6TEST software??

Bias Formula

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


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Software
Configuration
Star conn.

YnYn0

YdY0

Star conn.

YdY0

R
Amplitude Compensation

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


for Energy Delivery

Option1: How To Draw


Slope Characteristic
in F6TEST software??

Click on Pickup Column & then after Click on Modify


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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


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Enter Pickup setting


Say; 0.2

Option1: How To Draw


Slope Characteristic
in F6TEST software??

Select IBias Vs Idiff

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


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Option1: How To Draw


Slope Characteristic
in F6TEST software??

SLP2=70%
SLP1=30%

Enter Slope 30% & 70% based on relay setting


Knowledge Is Power

SM

Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


for Energy Delivery

Option1: How To Draw


Slope Characteristic
in F6TEST software??

Right click on Mouse & click on Maximize Graph


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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


for Energy Delivery

Maximize Graph on full screen

Knowledge Is Power

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


for Energy Delivery

Option1: How To Draw


Slope Characteristic
in F6TEST software??

Click on Close
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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


for Energy Delivery

Option2: How To
Import RIO file from
Excel tool???
Knowledge Is Power

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


for Energy Delivery

Option2: How To
Import RIO file from
Excel tool???

Click on Import button


Knowledge Is Power

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


for Energy Delivery

Option2: How To
Import RIO file from
Excel tool???

Knowledge Is Power

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


for Energy Delivery

Option2: How To
Import RIO file from
Excel tool???

Knowledge Is Power

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


for Energy Delivery

Option2: How To
Import RIO file from
Excel tool???

Knowledge Is Power

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


for Energy Delivery

Select Open to Close


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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


for Energy Delivery

Select Open to Close


Knowledge Is Power

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


for Energy Delivery

How to create New Test Module?

Right click on Mouse


& click on Append

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


for Energy Delivery

How to create New Test Module?

Select DiffChar Module from list

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Double Click on Test Module & create New Test Definition


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Select characteristic from list

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Select element

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Enter Max. Test current (i.e. 15A)


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Select Trigger (i.e. Open to Close)

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Test results

Blue color shows Expected Curve & Pink color shows actual Curve
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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


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Stability Test
Use RAMP Module

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


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Stability Test:
IA@0O

IDiff = 0A

I1@180O

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Enter Action details

Ramp Graph

WDG1 current starts to reduce

Drop out value = 0.7A

Relay operated on this


point

Pickup value = 0.6A


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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


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Stability Test
Use SSIMUL Module

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


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Winding1 current
Negative seq. current of
winding1

Positive seq. current of winding1

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


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Winding2 current

Positive
seq.
current of
winding2

Negative seq. current of winding2

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


for Energy Delivery

External
Fault
condition

Normal Load condition


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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


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Relay was not operated

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


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DOBLE ENGINEERING COMPANY


2nd Floor Suvidhi Pride,
Gorwa Refinery Road
VADODARA
INDIA. Tel:- +91 98980 55956
EMAIL ID:- kdave@doble.com
Website:- www.doble.com

Knowledge Is Power

SM

Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


for Energy Delivery