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FURTHER DIFFERENTIATION

AND INTEGRATION

DIFFERENTIATION AND INTEGRATION OF


HYPERBOLIC FUNCTION

The basic hyperbolic function in terms of e x and e x is


e x e x
e x + e x
=
sinh x =
, cosh x
2
2
Derivative formulas for hyperbolic function can be obtained
by first expressing the function in terms above.

DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS AND STATISTICS, FSTPi

Example: Diff and int of hyperbolic

DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS AND STATISTICS, FSTPi

DIFFERENTIATION AND INTEGRATION OF


INVERSE TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTION AND
INVERSE HYPERBOLIC FUNCTION

Inverse trigonometric function


The notation sin 1 x, tan 1 x, are reserved exclusively for
the inverse trigonometric functions.
Please take note that

sin 1 x (sin x) 1

DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS AND STATISTICS, FSTPi

Do You Remember!
Example: Diff and int of inv trigo
DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS AND STATISTICS, FSTPi

Inverse hyperbolic function


List of differentiation and integration of inverse hyperbolic
function:

Do You Remember!

Example: Diff and int inv hyp

DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS AND STATISTICS, FSTPi

INTEGRATION BY HYPERBOLIC SUBSTITUTION

Hyperbolic substitution is another technique for evaluating


integral containing radical by making substitution involving
hyperbolic functions.
Consider the table below

Example: Int by hyperbolic substitution


DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS AND STATISTICS, FSTPi

APPLICATION OF INTEGRATION
Surface area of
revolution

Arc length

Curvature

------------------------------------------------------------------------Arc length
If x = g (y) is a
If y = f (x) is a
smooth curve on
smooth curve on
x = [ x1 , x2 ] ,then the y = [ y1 , y2 ] ,then the
arc length is
arc length is
=
L

x
1

dy
L
1 + dx=
dx

y
1

Parametric curve
Let x = x (t) and
y = y(t), and
t = [t1 , t2 ] , the arc
length is

dx
1 + =
dy L

dy

t
1

dx dy
+ dt
dt dt

Example: Arc length


DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS AND STATISTICS, FSTPi

Surface area of revolution


If f (x) is a smooth, nonnegative function on x = [ x1 , x2 ] ,
then the surface area of revolution that is generated by
revolving the portion of f (x) on x = [ x1 , x2 ] about the x-axis
is
x

S 2
=

f ( x) 1 + ( f ( x) ) dx
2

x
1

If g (y) is a smooth, nonnegative function on y = [ y1 , y2 ] ,


then the surface area of revolution that is generated by
revolving the portion of g (y) on y = [ y1 , y2 ] about the y-axis
is
y
2
2
S 2 g ( y ) 1 + ( g ( y ) ) dy
=
y
1

Example: Surface
area ofOFrevolution
DEPARTMENT
MATHEMATICS AND STATISTICS, FSTPi

Curvature
Curvature is a problem of determining how sharply a curve
bends.
Curvature of y = f (x) denoted by (kappa - Greek) is
defined by

d2y
dx 2
dy
1 +
dx

3/2

DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS AND STATISTICS, FSTPi

Parametric curve
Let x = x(t) and y = y(t), then curvature of parametric curve
given by

=
where

yx
|
| xy
x + y
2

3/2

dx
dy
d 2x
d2y
=
x =
, y =
,
x
=
,
y
2
dt
dt
dt
dt 2
Radius of curvature
Radius of curvature, =
Example: Curvature

DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS AND STATISTICS, FSTPi