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# FURTHER DIFFERENTIATION

AND INTEGRATION

## DIFFERENTIATION AND INTEGRATION OF

HYPERBOLIC FUNCTION

## The basic hyperbolic function in terms of e x and e x is

e x e x
e x + e x
=
sinh x =
, cosh x
2
2
Derivative formulas for hyperbolic function can be obtained
by first expressing the function in terms above.

## DIFFERENTIATION AND INTEGRATION OF

INVERSE TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTION AND
INVERSE HYPERBOLIC FUNCTION

## Inverse trigonometric function

The notation sin 1 x, tan 1 x, are reserved exclusively for
the inverse trigonometric functions.

sin 1 x (sin x) 1

## DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS AND STATISTICS, FSTPi

Do You Remember!
Example: Diff and int of inv trigo
DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS AND STATISTICS, FSTPi

## Inverse hyperbolic function

List of differentiation and integration of inverse hyperbolic
function:

Do You Remember!

## Hyperbolic substitution is another technique for evaluating

integral containing radical by making substitution involving
hyperbolic functions.
Consider the table below

## Example: Int by hyperbolic substitution

DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS AND STATISTICS, FSTPi

APPLICATION OF INTEGRATION
Surface area of
revolution

Arc length

Curvature

------------------------------------------------------------------------Arc length
If x = g (y) is a
If y = f (x) is a
smooth curve on
smooth curve on
x = [ x1 , x2 ] ,then the y = [ y1 , y2 ] ,then the
arc length is
arc length is
=
L

x
1

dy
L
1 + dx=
dx

y
1

Parametric curve
Let x = x (t) and
y = y(t), and
t = [t1 , t2 ] , the arc
length is

dx
1 + =
dy L

dy

t
1

dx dy
+ dt
dt dt

## Example: Arc length

DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS AND STATISTICS, FSTPi

## Surface area of revolution

If f (x) is a smooth, nonnegative function on x = [ x1 , x2 ] ,
then the surface area of revolution that is generated by
revolving the portion of f (x) on x = [ x1 , x2 ] about the x-axis
is
x

S 2
=

f ( x) 1 + ( f ( x) ) dx
2

x
1

## If g (y) is a smooth, nonnegative function on y = [ y1 , y2 ] ,

then the surface area of revolution that is generated by
revolving the portion of g (y) on y = [ y1 , y2 ] about the y-axis
is
y
2
2
S 2 g ( y ) 1 + ( g ( y ) ) dy
=
y
1

Example: Surface
area ofOFrevolution
DEPARTMENT
MATHEMATICS AND STATISTICS, FSTPi

Curvature
Curvature is a problem of determining how sharply a curve
bends.
Curvature of y = f (x) denoted by (kappa - Greek) is
defined by

d2y
dx 2
dy
1 +
dx

3/2

## DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS AND STATISTICS, FSTPi

Parametric curve
Let x = x(t) and y = y(t), then curvature of parametric curve
given by

=
where

yx
|
| xy
x + y
2

3/2

dx
dy
d 2x
d2y
=
x =
, y =
,
x
=
,
y
2
dt
dt
dt
dt 2