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LTE Rel-8

RRC Protocol
2011.07.15
YoungDae Lee: youngdae.lee@lge.com

Copyright
Notification

No part may be reproduced except as authorized by written permission.


The copyright and the foregoing restriction extend to reproduction in all

LG Electronics RAN2 Team

Fundamental of Radio Resource Control


NAS
NAS
NAS message
delivery

RRC
RRC

Mobility Control
Measurement Control

PDCP configuration
per RB

RRC
messages

PDCP
PDCP

RLC configuration
per RB

RLC
RLC

Antenna
Configuration
Configuration of
physical
channels

MAC
MAC
PHY
PHY

Random access
parameters
UL SCH configuration

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Signaling Radio Bearers


Message
Message
Types
Types

Logical
Logical
Channel
Channel
Types
Types

Radio
Radio Bearer
Bearer Types
Types
By
By specified
specified configuration
configuration
By
By RRC
RRC connection
connection
(re)establishment
(re)establishment

RRC
RRC
message
messages
s

NAS
Messages
*

SRB
0

By
By RRC
RRC connection
connection
reconfiguration
reconfiguration

CCC
H

SRB
1
Only before SRB2 is
established

SRB
2

DCC
H

* In Rel-10, UE Information Response message including logged measurement report for MDT
is exceptionally carried over SRB2 as a RRC message not carrying NAS information.
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Journey of RRC procedures

RRC Connection
Establishment
Proc.

Security
Activation
Proc.

RRC
Reconfiguration
Proc.

Measurement

SRB1 established, Ciphering & Integrity


SRB2 & DRB(s) established, Serving and
to RRC_CONNECTED
activated
UE specific configurations neighboring cells

Cell selection

Select a suitable
EUTRA cell
System
Information
Acquisition
Proc.

Radio Link Failure


Detection

All RBs except SRB0


suspended
RRC Connection
Reestablishment
Proc.

Handover
Proc.

Access to
another cell
RRC
Reconfiguration
Proc.

UE specific
Obtain Possibly other cell than serving cell,
SRBs & DRBs resumed
configurations
system
information

Measurement
Report

Measurement
result
Connection
Release
Proc.

SRBs, DRBs released,


to RRC_IDLE

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Functions of RRC
System information delivery
RRC connection control
Paging
Access Class Barring
Establishment/modification/release of RRC connection
Initial security activation
Intra-LTE mobility
QoS control
Recovery from radio link failure;

Inter-RAT mobility
Measurement
Generic protocol error handling
Support of self-configuration and self-optimisation

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System Information Broadcast

I got a cell
reselection
info. for idle
mode

Oh my god!
Im reading
emergency
warning info.

System Information
System Information

I got
essential
physical
layer
configuratio
ns to access
this cell

Im
checking if
this cell
can be
accessible

I obtain
common
configuratio
ns to
apply
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System Information Structure


Fixed scheduling

Dynamic scheduling

BCCH/BCH

BCCH/DL SCH
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Scheduling of System Information

Information blocks
MIB

SIB1

Fixed mapping

SIB
j

SIB
n

SIB
k

SIB
m

Flexible
Flexible mapping
mapping

RRC messages
MIB

Fixed
Fixed Period
Period
40
40 ms
ms

SIB1
SIB1

Fixed
Fixed Period
Period
80
80 ms
ms

SI
SI 2
2

Configurable
Configurable
Period
Period xx

SI
SI 3
3

Configurable
Configurable
Period
Period yy

For instance, Period x = 160 ms, Period y = 640 ms

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System Information Validity


Value Tag in SIB1
Value
tag=n

Value
tag=n+1

5 bits value tag


UE checks value tag e.g. upon recovery from out of coverage

Modification Period
Concept
BCCH modification period(n)

Modification
Modification indication
indication

BCCH modification period(n+1)

Updated
Updated information
information

Sent via Paging


message
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Usage of Paging Message


Oh! I
got a
call

Oh, my
God!
Emergency
!!

something
new
in system
information

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Triggering of Connection Establishment


Mobile OriginatingEstablishment Cause
call
Get
my
call!

RRC Connection
establishment
Service Request

eNB

Service Request

Core
Network
Establishment Cause

Mobile Terminating
Call
I got
a call

Paging

Paging

RRC Connection
establishment

eNB

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RRC Connection Establishment


UE
NAS

UE
RRC

UE
L2/L1

eNB

Service
Request
Access Barring check
RRCConnectionReq
uest
SRB0

If not
barred
-

Random Access
Preamble
Random
Access
Response

RRCConnectionRe
quest

Establishment
Cause
- UE identity

Admission
Admission
Control
Control
RRCConnectionSetup

RRCConnectionSe
tup

SRB0
SRB1 setup

Service
Request

RRCConnectionSe
tup
Complete
SRB1

RRCConnectionSe
tup
Complete
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Access Class Barring


One AC randomly allocated
One or more Special AC
Access Classes
1
1
1
0
1
9
In USIM
1
2
5

Emergency
1
0

System Information
MT Call
Call
MT

No

Wait
timer is
running?

AC barring
barring
AC
for
for
MO
MO
signalling
signalling

AC barring
barring
AC
for
for
Emergency
Emergency

Yes

ACB for
emergen
cy=
TRUE
Yes
Zero
Flag for
Special
AC?
Yes

Yes

No

Wait
timer is
running?
No
Zero
Flag for
Special
AC?
No

Barr
Barr
ed
ed

No

No

AC barring
barring
AC
for
for
MO data
data
MO

Yes

Lower
than
Barring
factor
Yes

Not barred
barred
Not
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Initial Security Activation and RB Establishment


eNB
eNB

MME
MME

Service Request

SMC
SMC IP
IP
verification
verification
Security
Security
Activation
Activation

Security Mode
Command

(Integrity Protection only)

RRC Connection
Reconfiguration
Security Mode
Complete

Initial
Context
Setup
Request
- Security
- E-RAB to Be
Setup
- QoS
- UE
capability

(Integrity Protection only)

SRB2 // DRB
DRB
SRB2
Setup
Setup

RRC Connection
Reconfiguration
Complete

Data Transmissions over DRBs

Initial
Context
Setup
Response

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Intra-EUTRA Handover procedure


Network controlled mobility

RRC Connection
Reconfiguration
Measuremen
Measuremen
ts
ts
1. Look at
1. Look at
this.
this.
II need
need aa
handover
handover
to
to there
there

Sourc
Sourc
e
e
eNB
eNB

Targe
Targe
eNB
tt eNB

(Measurement
Config)

Measurement
Report
4.
4. Go
Go
there!.
there!.
Good
Good
luck~!
luck~!

2.
2. This
This is
is
configuration
configuration info
info
for
for the
the UE.
UE. Could
Could
you
you accept
accept
handover?
handover?

HO
HO
Decision
Decision

HO request

HO command

HO request Ack
(HO command)

3.
3. OK.
OK. Let
Let
her
use
her use this
this
configuratio
configuratio
n
n at
at
handover
handover

Hard
Handover

5.
5.
Handove
Handove
rr
complete
complete
d
d

Random Access
HO complete
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Measurement Configuration
When and
what
should I
report?

What
should I
measure?
Frequency
Serving
Serving
cell
cell

LTE carrier
Serving
frequency
1
Intra-freq
measurement
LTE carrier
frequency
2
Inter-freq measurement

UMTS cell 1
UMTS cell 2
Inter-RAT measurement

Measurement Object
Object
Measurement
Measurement
Object
Measurement Object
Measurement
Object
Measurement Object

Measureme
Measureme
nt
nt
Identities
Identities

cell

Neighboring
cell

Even
t
occur
s

Reporting
Reporting
Reporting
Reporting
Configuration
Reporting
Configuration
Reporting
Configuration
Configuration
Configuration
Configuration

surement Configuration in RRC Connection Reconfiguration Mess


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Measurement Configuration
Measurement
object #0
Measurement
object #1
Measurement
object #2

ID
ID 0
0
1
IID
D1
IID
D
3
3
ID
ID 2
2

Reporting
Reporting
Configuration
Configuration #0
#0
Reporting
Reporting
Configuration
Configuration #1
#1
Reporting
Reporting
Configuration
Configuration #2
#2
Reporti
ng
Criteria

Applica
ble cells
I am
on this
cell

This cell is
part of
measureme
nt objects

I found
this cell

E-UTRAN
E-UTRAN
UTRAN
UTRAN
CDMA20
CDMA20
00
00
GERAN
GERAN

Serving
cell
result
Neighbori
ng cell
result

Threshold2

Evaluatio Measurement
Evaluatio
n of
of
n
Report
Reportin
Reportin
(meas ID,
g Criteria
Criteria meas Results)
g

Intra-LTE events
A1 A2 A3 A4 A5
Offset

Threshold1

Serving Listed Detected


Cell
Cells
Cells

B1 B2
Inter-RAT events
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RRC Connection Re-establishment


Somethin
Somethin
g
g is
is
wrong!
wrong!
II need
need
recovery.
recovery.

Sourc
Sourc
e
e
eNB
eNB
RRC Connection
Connection
RRC

Targe
Targe
eNB
tt eNB
Prepared Cell
Cell
Prepared
(Valid UE
UE
(Valid
Context)
Context)

Failure Detection
Detection
Failure
Out-of-synch, HO failure,
Reconfig failure, RA failure, RLC failure

Suspend all
all RBs
RBs
Suspend
except SRB0
SRB0
except
Cell Selection
Selection
Cell

UE based mobility
System Information

UE
identity

Reestablis
hment
Cause
Resume SRB1
SRB1
Resume
Security
Security
Reactivation
Reactivation

Random Access
RRC Connection
Reestablishment Request
SRB0
RRC Connection
Reestablishment
SRB0
RRC Connection
Reestablishment Complete
SRB1

Accept
Accept

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Inter-RAT Mobility
Mobility To EUTRA
Handover
from
Handover
from GERAN
GERAN or
or UTRAN
UTRAN to
to E-UTRA
E-UTRA
-- RRC
RRC Connection
Connection Reconfiguration
Reconfiguration message
message is
is sent
sent via
via
another
another RAT
RAT
-- Same
Same as
as intra-EUTRA
intra-EUTRA handover
handover procedure
procedure
Mobility
Mobility from
from CDMA2000
CDMA2000 to
to E-UTRA
E-UTRA
-- Connection
Connection establishment
establishment to
to a
a target
target cell
cell of
of E-UTRA
E-UTRA (after
(after
attach
attach to
to EPC
EPC via
via CDMA2000)
CDMA2000)

Mobility From E Handover


from
Handover
from E-UTRA
E-UTRA to
to GERAN,
GERAN, UTRAN
UTRAN or
or CDMA2000
CDMA2000
UTRA
Cell
Cell Change
Change Order
Order to
to GERAN
GERAN
-- Connection
Connection establishment
establishment to
to a
a target
target cell
cell of
of GERAN
GERAN
after
after MobilityFromE-UTRA
MobilityFromE-UTRA
Preregistration
Preregistration // HO
HO preparation
preparation to
to CDMA2000
CDMA2000 CN
CN before
before
HO
HO execution
execution
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Mobility to E-UTRA
HO: GERAN to LTE
GERA
N
RRC
Connection
Reconfigur
ation

LTE
RRC
Connection
Reconfigur
ation
Complete

HO: UMTS to LTE


UMT
S
RRC
Connection
Reconfigur
ation

LTE
RRC
Connection
Reconfigur
ation
Complete

CDMA2000 to LTE
CDM
A200
0
Attach to EPC

LTE
RRC
Connection
Request

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Mobility from E-UTRA


HO: E-UTRA to
GERAN
LTE
Mobility
from
EUTRA
Cmd (HO)

GERA
N
HO Access

HO: E-UTRA to
UMTS
LTE
Mobility
from
EUTRA
Cmd (HO)

UMT
S
HO to
UTRAN
Complete

CCO: E-UTRA to
GERAN
LTE
Mobility
from
EUTRA Cmd
(CCO+SI)

GERA
N
Channel
Request

HO: E-UTRA to
CDMA2000
LTE
Mobility
from
EUTRA Cmd
Preregistration &
(HO)
HO preparation
to CDMA2000 CN

CDM
A200
0

Traffic
Channel
Complete

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Inter-RAT Handover from E-UTRA


Sourc
Sourc
e
e
eNB
eNB

Targe
Targe
RAN
tt RAN

CN
CN

HO
HO
Decision
Decision
HO Required
Relocation
Request
- Security
- Bearers to
Be Setup
- QoS
Relocation Req
ACK
- HO
Command
Mobility from EUTRA
Command

HO Command

Random Access
HO complete
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Inter-RAT Handover to E-UTRA


Sourc
Sourc
e
e
RAN
RAN
HO
HO
Decision
Decision

RRC
Connectio
n
Reconfigur
ation
HO Command
-

Random Access

Targe
Targe
eNB
tt eNB

CN
CN

Relocation
Required
HO Request
- Security
- E-RAB to Be
Setup
- QoS
HO Request
-ACK
RRC
Connectio
n
Reconfigur
Relocation
ation
-Command
RRC
Connectio
n
Reconfigur
ation

HO complete
LG Electronics