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681 Kosata Penting

IELTS

Abu Maryam

Bonus: 45 Pertanyaan Speaking IELTS Yang Sering Diujikan

KATA PENGANTAR

Bahasa Inggris merupakan batu sandungan pertama yang harus Anda lewati
sebelum bergerilya mencari beasiswa, bersekolah atau bekerja di luar negeri.
Terdapat dua ujian kemampuan bahasa Inggris yang cukup populer saat ini,
TOEFL (Test Of English Foreign Language) dan IELTS (International English
Language Testing System). Tanpa memiliki salah satu sertifikasi kemampuan
bahasa Inggris tersebut, langkah Anda hanya akan terhenti sampai pada proses
administrasi kelengkapan dokumen.

Baik TOEFL dan IELTS ditujukan untuk menguji kemampuan bahasa Inggris
para kandidat sebagai bahasa kedua mereka. Di Indonesia, IELTS belum
menandingi popularitas TOEFL, akan tetapi beberapa tahun belakangan, IELTS
semakin terkenal dan menggeser kepopuleran TOEFL. Beberapa institusi yang
sebelumnya mensyaratkan TOEFL, sekarang sudah menerima IELTS sebagai
syarat sertifikasi kemampuan bahasa Inggris. Jika Anda ingin melanjutkan
pendidikan atau karier di negara yang berbahasa Inggris seperti United Kingdom,
Australia, Kanada, dan beberapa negara Eropa, IELTS adalah sebuah kewajiban.
Tes ini menguji kemampuan para peserta secara menyeluruh mulai dari
mendengar (listening), membaca (reading), menulis (writing), dan berbicara
(speaking). Ada dua jenis modul IELTS yang ditawarkan, yaitu modul General
Training dan Akademik.

Penguasan vocabulary adalah modal dasar dalam kemampuan berbahasa asing.


Sayangnya, mayoritas buku-buku IELTS di pasaran hanya menitikberatkan pada
soal-soal latihan dan bukan pada vocabulary. Kosakata-kosakata yang sering
keluar pada ujian IELTS umumnya berkisar pada topik yang sama. Seringkali,
satu kata yang sebenarnya mudah, kerap divariasikan dengan berbagai macam
persamaan maknanya yang sulit. Metode menghapalkan mentah-mentah
kumpulan kosakata tersebut bukanlah cara yang bijak untuk meningkatkan nilai
IELTS Anda. Oleh sebab itu, buku ini hadir memberikan Anda kosakata-kosakata
penting yang sering keluar pada ujian IELTS dengan latihan yang komprehensif.
Kami menyusun latihan tersebut dengan harapan agar kata-kata tersebut dapat
diingat secara alami tanpa harus dihapalkan.

Besar harapan kami bahwa buku ini dapat membantu para pembaca sekalian yang
akan mengikuti ujian IELTS untuk mendapatkan hasil yang maksimal.

Jakarta, Agustus 2014

Penulis

Daftar Isi
Apa Itu IELTS?
Chapter 1 City & Town
Chapter 2 Country & Village
Chapter 3 Ownership & Borrowing
Chapter 4 Technology
Chapter 5 Obligation & Option
Chapter 6 Arts
Chapter 7 Geography
Chapter 8 Men & Women
Chapter 9 Education
Chapter 10 Business & Industry
Chapter 11 Social Tension
Chapter 12 Natural Disaster
Chapter 13 Money & Finance
Chapter 14 Travel
Chapter 15 Environment
Chapter 16 Healthcare
Chapter 17 Crime & Law
Chapter 18 Family
Chapter 19 Food & Diet
Chapter 20 On The Road
Chapter 21 Architecture
Chapter 22 Politics
Chapter 23 Work
Lampiran 1 Daftar Irregular Verbs
Lampiran 2 45 Pertanyaan Speaking IELTS Yang Sering Diujikan

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Apa itu IELTS?

IELTS merupakan ujian sertifikasi kemampuan berbahasa Inggris yang bergengsi


dengan lebih dari 1.5 juta orang mengikuti ujian ini setiap tahunnya di seluruh
penjuru dunia. Terdapat lebih dari 7,000 organisasi1 mulai dari institusi
pendidikan sampai perusahaan korporasi di berbagai negara yang menggunakan
IELTS untuk proses seleksi penerimaan mahasiswa atau pegawai baru. Apapun
latar belakang pendidikan peserta tes, semua kandidat akan mengikuti ujian yang
sama. Dokter, insinyur, dan akuntan tidak akan diuji berdasarkan jenis profesi
mereka.

Ada Berapa Jenis IELTS?


Ujian IELTS berlangsung total selama 2 jam 45 menit, terdiri dari 4 bagian:
listening, reading, writing dan speaking. Terdapat dua versi IELTS yang dikenal
saat ini; yaitu Akademik dan General Training.

Academic Modules ditujukan bagi mereka yang ingin melanjutkan studi atau
bersekolah (S1/S2/S3), sedangkan General Trainig diperuntukkan bagi orangorang yang ingin bekerja dan berimigrasi ke negara-negara berbahasa Inggris atau
melanjutkan perkuliahan sampai level diploma (D3). Sehingga isi dari IELTS
versi Akademik lebih ditekankan pada topik-topik yang berhubungan dengan

www.britishcouncil.org

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dunia pendidikan atau perkuliahan. Sedangkan untuk General Training, topik


berasal dari tema pembicaraan sehari-hari yang lebih umum.

IELTS versi Akademik dan General Training memiliki soal yang SAMA untuk
bagian Listening dan Speaking. Namun pada bagian Reading dan Writing, soal
diberikan berbeda. Pada IELTS versi akademik, kedua bagian ini relatif lebih
sulit.

Overview Setiap Bagian Ujian IELTS


Ujian IELTS memiliki 4 komponen sub-tes; mendengar/listening (30 menit ),
membaca/reading (1 jam), menulis/writing (1 jam) and berbicara/speaking (12-15
menit). Secara keseluruhan, ujian IELTS berlangsung sekitar 2 jam 45 menit2.

Listening (30 Menit)


Listening terdiri dari 4 bagian rekaman audio. Pada bagian ini, rekaman berisi
percakapan monologue (satu arah) dan dua arah. Bagian 1 dan 2 merupakan soal
yang relatif lebih mudah dibandingkan bagian 3 dan 4. Sebagian besar penutur
dalam rekaman adalah native speaker seperti orang Inggris dan Australia.
Meskipun demikian, terkadang juga terdapat penutur asing seperti dari India,
Jepang atau Cina yang dilibatkan dalam rekaman.

Reading (60 Menit)

www.ielts.org

6|Page

IELTS versi Akademik berisi 3 teks panjang yang diambil dari buku, jurnal
ilmiah, dan majalah. Teks tersebut biasanya meliputi informasi dari bidang
spefisik tertentu dan sengaja ditujukan bagi para peserta dari berbagai latar
belakang pendidikan.
Pada IELTS modul General Training, teks diambil dari koran, iklan, dan buku
umum. Materi yang disajikan adalah permasalahan sehari-hari yang familiar
ditemukan di negara berbahasa Inggris.

Writing (60 Menit)


Topik diambil dari tema umum yang cocok dan mudah dimengerti oleh para
peserta ujian baik untuk yang ingin melanjutkan sekolah ataupun untuk keperluan
karir profesional. Jawaban untuk kedua task di atas harus ditulis dalam format
baku. Tes writing versi academic meliputi 2 tugas.

Tabel 1. Perbedaan writing test pada modul akademik dan general training
Akademik

General Training

Para peserta diberikan grafik, tabel,


atau diagram dan diminta untuk
menuliskan informasi penting yang
tersaji.
Peserta harus mendeskripsikan dan
menjelaskan data atau proses
dengan menggunakan bahasa
sendiri.

Task
1

Peserta dihadapkan pada


situasi yang diberikan dalam
sebuah surat. Surat tersebut
dapat bersifat pribadi atau
formal.
Peserta kemudian diminta
untuk menuliskan surat
balasan untuk merespons
permintaan atau pesan yang
tertera dalam surat tersebut.

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Para peserta diminta untuk menulis


sebuah essay dengan memberikan
argumen dari sudut pandangnya
sendiri.

Task
2

Hampir sama dengan versi


akademik, task 2 pada versi
general training lebih sedikit
bersifat personal
dibandingkan dengan modul
akademik.

Speaking (11-14 Menit)


Pada bagian ini, pernyataan atau jawaban peserta akan direkam. Terdapat tiga
bagian pada ujian Speaking IELTS. Bagian pertama adalah tentang perkenalan,
biasanya pertanyaan seputar tempat tinggal, pekerjaan, dan keluarga. Di bagian
kedua, peserta akan diberikan kartu yang berisi daftar pertanyaan. Anda
mempunyai waktu satu menit untuk mempersiapkan jawaban. Setelah itu, Anda
akan diminta untuk menjawab semua pertanyaan yang ada pada kartu tersebut
dalam waktu dua menit. Di bagian ketiga, penguji akan menanyakan pertanyaan
yang masih terkait dengan apa yang telah Anda jawab di bagian kedua. Kali ini,
Anda diharapkan untuk dapat menjawabnya dengan lebih detail.

IELTS atau TOEFL


TOEFL dan IELTS adalah suatu sistem sertifikasi yang dirancang untuk
memastikan penguasaan bahasa Inggris bagi non-native speaker. Keduanya
diciptakan seiring tumbuhnya kebutuhan terhadap sebuah tes bahasa Inggris yang
comprehensive dan diakui secara internasional. Kebanyakan para perserta
menggunakan hasil ujian TOEFL dan IELTS untuk kebutuhan imigrasi,
pendidikan dan pekerjaan.

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TOEFL dipatenkan pertama kali pada pertengahan tahun 60an. Tes bahasa Inggris
ini dirancang oleh Center of Applied Linguistic di bawah arahan Dr. Charles A.
Ferguson3. TOEFL kemudian dikembangkan dan diselenggarakan oleh
Educational Testing Service (ETS), sebuah lembaga non-profit di Amerika
Serikat.

Sedangkan IELTS dikembangkan oleh kolaborasi para akademisi dan organisasi


profesional yang berbasis di Inggris dan Australia. IELTS dimiliki bersama oleh
British Council, IDP Australia dan Univeristy of Cambridge. Ketiga badan ini
menjamin kualitas dan standar ujian IELTS di seluruh dunia. Dengan tersebarnya
British Council dan IDP Australia di seluruh dunia, ditambah dengan dukungan
keunggulan para ahli bahasa dari University of Cambridge, IELTS menjadi salah
satu tes Bahasa Inggris terbaik dan terkenal di dunia. Tak heran, saat ini terdapat
lebih dari 800 lokasi ujian IELTS yang tersebar di lebih dari 130 negara.
Tabel 2. Head to Head Nilai IELTS dan TOEFL4

http://www.cityu.edu.hk/elc/study_preparation.html

English Language Centre, Sheffield University

9|Page

Berbeda dengan TOEFL yang memiliki format multiple choice, IELTS


mempunyai beragam variasi tipe soal untuk setiap bagiannya. Akibatnya, ada
beberapa kalangan yang berpendapat bahwa IELTS dianggap lebih sulit daripada
TOEFL.

Apa Yang Menjadikan IELTS Begitu Popular


Meskipun terkenal dengan kesulitannya, IELTS semakin diminati dari tahun ke
tahun. Beberapa negara seperti Inggris dan Australia mengharuskan seseorang
untuk memiliki nilai IELTS jika ingin mengajukan proses lamaran visa kerja,
sekolah atau pindah kewarganegaraan.

Soal-soal IELTS bersifat universal tanpa memandang bangsa, agama, jenis


kelamin, dan profesi para kandidat. IELTS mengakomodasi perbedaan Bahasa
Inggris Amerika dan British dalam hal pengejaan (spelling) dan pilihan kata. Pada
ujian bagian Listening misalnya, IELTS memberikan berbagai aksen bahasa
Inggris mulai dari Ausralia, Kanada, Selandia Baru, Inggris dan Amerika Serikat.

IELTS bukan hanya sekedar ujian kemampuan Bahasa Inggris. Lebih dari itu,
IELTS didesain oleh para ahli Bahasa Inggris di seluruh dunia untuk menguji
empat aspek kemampuan berbahasa seseorang secara menyeluruh: Listening,
Reading, Writing, dan Speaking. Di samping itu, format soal yang bervariasi
mulai dari pilihan berganda, mencocokkan, fill in the blank, dan essay menjadikan

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IELTS sebagai salah satu tes ujian kemampuan Bahasa Inggris yang paling
komplit.

Dengan meningkatnya minat para pelajar asing untuk menuntut ilmu di negara
berbahasa Inggris, permintaan terhadap IELTS pun semakin tinggi. Jumlah orang
yang belajar dan bekerja di Inggris, Amerika Serikat, dan Australia telah melonjak
drastis dalam beberapa tahun terakhir. Bahkan di negara seperti Jerman dan
Perancis sekalipun, permintaan terhadap program kuliah yang menggunakan
bahasa Inggris sebagai bahasa pengantar juga semakin tinggi. Akibatnya,
universitas yang menwarakan program internasional secara perlahan mulai
mensyaratkan para calon mahasiswa baru untuk memiliki nilai IELTS. Hal ini
telah merubah dunia pendidikan di seluruh dunia, menjadikan IELTS sebagai
salah satu tes bahasa Inggris yang begitu terkenal.

Bagaimana nilai IELTS Diberikan


Tidak ada istilah lulus atau gagal dalam ujian IELTS. Hasil ujian diberikan dalam
skala antara 0-9, nilai tertinggi adalah 9 dan bukan 105. Nilai 0 diberikan bagi
peserta yang tidak menikuti ujian sama sekali atau tidak hadir.

Para peserta akan menerima hasil IELTS 13 hari atau dua minggu setelah ujian
dilangsungkan. Mereka akan mendapatkan rincian nilai setiap sesi dari Listening,
Reading, Writing, dan Speaking. Overall band score adalah nilai ata-rata dari
5

http://hkcityu.netlanguages.com

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keempat sesi tersebut yang dibulatkan ke atas atau ke bawah. Skema ilustrasinya
diperlihatkan oleh tabel berikut:

Tabel 3. Contoh perhitungan nilai IELTS6


Listening Reading Writing Speaking

Average
Scores

Overall Band Score


(Setelah dibulatkan)

6.0

6.0

6.0

6.0

6.0

6.0

6.5

6.0

6.0

6.0

6.125

6.0

6.5

6.5

6.0

6.0

6.25

6.5

6.5

6.5

7.0

6.0

6.5

6.5

7.0

7.0

7.0

6.0

6.75

7.0

Para kandidat yang memenuhi semua kriteria diatas akan menjalani serangkaian
proses rekrutmen seperti interview, training, dan sertifikasi. Semua pelamar harus
melewati setiap bagian untuk melanjutkan ke proses berikutnya dan dapat gugur
di setiap tingkatnya.

www.takeielts.britishcouncil.org

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Chapter 1
City & Town
No.
Word/Phrase
1 Amenity

2
3
4
5
6
7

10
11

12
13
14

15

16

Explanation
something such as a swimming pool or
shopping center, that is intended to
make life more pleasant or comfortable
for the people in a town, or other place
a large building that is divided into
Block of Flats
apartments
conditions exist that will encourage
Breed Crime
criminal activity
a piece of land on which a house or
Building Sites
other building is being built
Central Business District (CBD) the main part of a city where most of its
offices, stores are located
a person who lives in a city
City Dweller
too crowded and causing difficulties,
Congested
describing roads and towns where there
is too much traffic and movement is
made difficult
an amount of money that you have to
Congestion Charge
pay each day to drive into a city center,
charged in order to reduce traffic
a city that contains or has experience of
Cosmopolitan City
people and things from many different
parts of the world
the level of prices relating to a range of
Cost of Living
everyday items
an event that relates to the ideas,
Cultural Event
customs, and social behaviour of a
society
the habitual taking of illegal drugs
Drug Abuse
the fact of someone being paid to work
Employment
for a company or organization
an area containing a large number of
Housing Estates
houses or apartments built close
together at the same time
the basic systems and services, such as
Infrastructure
transport and power supplies, that a
country or organization uses in order to
work effectively
the central part of a city where people
Inner-City
live and where there are few jobs and
bad houses
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17

Melting Pot

18

Metropolis

19

Peak Hours

20

Pedestrian Precinct

21

Pollution

22

Population Explosion

23
24

Poverty
Premises

25

Urban Lifestyle

26

Urban Sprawl

a place where different peoples, styles,


theories, etc. are mixed together
a very large city, often the most
important city in a large area or country
periods at the beginning and end of the
working day when large numbers of
people are travelling to or from work
an area with shops where vehicles
arent allowed
the presence in or introduction into the
environment of a substance which has
harmful or poisonous effects
a sudden, large increase in the size of a
population
the condition of being extremely poor
the land and buildings owned by
someone, especially by a company or
organization
a busy working life in a city or built-up
area
the spread of a city into the area
surrounding it, often without planning

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Exercise
City & Town (Part 1)
Instruction:
Find the words/phrases horizontally, vertically, and diagonally (backwards may
be possible). Number 1 has been done for you.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Breed Crime
Amenity
Block of Flats
Building Sites
CBD (Central
Business District)

6.
7.
8.
9.

City Dweller
Congested
Congestion Charge
Cosmopolitan City

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City & Town (Part 2)


Instruction:
Find the words/phrases horizontally, vertically, and diagonally (backwards may
be possible). Number 1 has been done for you.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Cost of Living
Cultural Event
Drug Abuse
Employment
Housing Estates

6.
7.
8.
9.

Infrastructure
Inner-City
Melting Pot
Metropolis

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City & Town (Part 3)


Instruction:
Find the words/phrases horizontally, vertically, and diagonally (backwards may
be possible). Number 1 has been done for you.
P

17 | P a g e

1.
2.
3.
4.

Peak Hours
Pedestrian Precinct
Pollution
Population Explosion

5.
6.
7.
8.

Poverty
Premises
Urban Lifestyle
Urban Sprawl

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Chapter 2
Country & Village
No.
27
28
29

Word/Phrase
Acre
Arable Land
Barley

30
31

Construction
Country

32
33
34
35

Countryside
Cultivation
Depopulation
Development

36

Facility

37
38
39

Hectare
Migration
Oats

40
41

Outskirts
Pesticide

42
43
44

Property
Prospect
Resident

45
46

Residential
Rural

47

Suburb

48
49

Unemployment the state of being unemployed


a plant whose yellow-brown grain is used for making flour, or
Wheat

Explanation
a unit of land area equal to 4,840 square yards (0.405 hectare)
land that can be used for growing crops
a tall plant grown for its grain, or the grain from this plant
which is used for food
the action of building something, typically a large structure
a nation with its own government, occupying a particular
territory
the land and scenery of a rural area
the action of cultivating land, or the state of being cultivated
the condition of having reduced numbers of inhabitants
the process of converting land to a new purpose by constructing
buildings or making use of its resources
a place, amenity, or piece of equipment provided for a
particular purpose
a unit of measurement of an area of land (10,000 m2)
movement from one part of something to another
a tall plant grown for its grain, or the grain from this plant used
for food
the outer parts of a town or city
a chemical substance used to kill harmful insects, small
animals, wild plants, and other unwanted organisms
a building or area of land, or both together
the possibility or likelihood of some future event occurring
a person who lives somewhere permanently or on a long-term
basis
designed for people to live in
in, relating to, or characteristic of the countryside rather than
the town
an area on the edge of a large town or city where people who
work in the town or city often live

the grain itself

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Exercise
Country & Village (Part 1)
Instruction:
Fill in the crossword puzzle.

Across
7. designed for people to live in
8. the possibility or likelihood of some future event occurring
9. a plant whose yellow-brown grain is used for making flour, or the grain itself
10. a chemical substance used to kill harmful insects, small animals, wild plants,
and other unwanted organisms
11. the outer parts of a town or city

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Down
1. in, relating to, or characteristic of the countryside rather than the town
2. a tall plant grown for its grain, or the grain from this plant used for food
3. a person who lives somewhere permanently or on a long-term basis
4. an area on the edge of a large town or city where people who work in the
town or city often live
5. the state of being unemployed
6. a building or area of land, or both together

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Country & Village (Part 2)

Across
3. a unit of land area equal to 4,840 square yards (0.405 hectare)
6. the land and scenery of a rural area
9. a place, amenity, or piece of equipment provided for a particular purpose
11. movement from one part of something to another
12. a nation with its own government, occupying a particular territory

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Down
1. a unit of measurement of an area of land (10,000 m2)
2. the condition of having reduced numbers of inhabitants
4. the action of building something, typically a large structure
5. a tall plant grown for its grain, or the grain from this plant used for food
7. the process of converting land to a new purpose by constructing buildings or
making use of its resources
8. the action of cultivating land, or the state of being cultivated
10. land that can be used for growing crops

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Chapter 3
Ownership & Borrowing

No. Word/Phrase
Explanation
a personal item that one owns; a possession
50 Belonging
something that is given to a charity, especially a sum of
51 Donation
money
a woman who rents out land, a building, or accommodation
52 Landlady
a man who rents out land, a building, or accommodation
53 Landlord
a person who owns land, especially a large amount of land
54 Landowner
a thing that is borrowed, especially a sum of money that is
55 Loan
expected to be paid back with interest
an agreement that allows you to borrow money from a bank
56 Mortgage
or similar organization, especially in order to buy a house
or apartment, or the amount of money itself:
someone who owns something
57 Owner
the state of having, owning, or controlling something
58 Possession
a person who owns a particular type of business, especially
59 Proprietor
a hotel, a shop, or a company that makes newspapers
a tenants regular payment to a landlord for the use of
60 Rent
property or land
a person who pays rent for the use of land or a building
61 Tenant
to make a legal agreement by which money is paid in order
62 To Lease
to use land, a building, a vehicle, or a piece of equipment
for an agreed period of time

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Exercise
Ownership & Borrowing
Instruction:
Match the words in column A with the explanations in column B.
A
1. Belonging

B
A. to make a legal agreement by which money is paid in order to
use land, a building, a vehicle, or a piece of equipment for an
agreed period of time

2. Donation

B. a thing that is borrowed, especially a sum of money that is


expected to be paid back with interest

3. Landlady

C. a person who owns a particular type of business, especially a


hotel, a shop, or a company that makes newspapers

4. Landlord

D. someone who owns something

5. Landowner

E. a person who pays rent for the use of land or a building

6. Loan

F. something that is given to a charity, especially a sum of money

7. Mortgage

G. the state of having, owning, or controlling something

8. Owner

H. a man who rents out land, a building, or accommodation

9. Possession

I. a tenants regular payment to a landlord for the use of property


or land

10. Proprietor
11. Rent

J. a woman who rents out land, a building, or accommodation


K. an agreement that allows you to borrow money from a bank or
similar organization, especially in order to buy a house or
apartment, or the amount of money itself

12. Tenant

L. a person who owns land, especially a large amount of land

13. To Lease

M. a personal item that one owns; a possession

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Chapter 4
Technology

No. Word/Phrase
63 Breakthrough
64

Chemistry

65

Cybernetics

66

Development

67

Discovery

68

Engineering

69

Experiment

70

Genetic

71

Genetic
Engineering

72

Hardware

73
74

Innovation
Invention

75

77

Life
Expectancy
Molecular
Biology
Nuclear

78

Physics

79

Research

76

Explanation
an important discovery or event that helps to improve a
situation or provide an answer to a problem
the part of science which studies the basic characteristics
of substances and the different ways in which they react
or combine with other substances
the science of communications and automatic control
systems in both machines and living things
the process in which someone or something grows or
changes and becomes more advanced
the process of finding information, a place, or an object,
especially for the first time, or the thing that is found
the branch of science and technology concerned with the
design, building, and use of engines, machines, and
structures
a scientific procedure undertaken to make a discovery,
test a hypothesis, or demonstrate a known fact
belonging or relating to genes (= parts of the DNA in
cells) received by each animal or plant from its parents
the science of changing the structure of the genes of a
living thing in order to make it healthier or stronger or
more useful to humans
the machines, wiring, and other physical components of
a computer or other electronic system
the use of a new idea or method
something that has never been made before, or the
process of creating something that has never been made
before
the length of time that a living thing, especially a human
being, is likely to live
the study of the structure and action of the molecules that
make up living things
being or using the power produced when the nucleus of
an atom is divided or joined to another nucleus
the scientific study of matter and energy and the effect
that they have on each other
the systematic investigation into and study of materials
and sources in order to establish facts and reach new
conclusions
26 | P a g e

80

Safeguard

81

Science

82

Software

83
84
85

Technophile
Technophobe
To React

a measure taken to protect someone or something or to


prevent something undesirable
the intellectual and practical activity encompassing the
systematic study of the structure and behaviour of the
physical and natural world through observation and
experiment
the programs and other operating information used by a
computer
a person who is enthusiastic about new technology
a person who fears, dislikes, or avoids new technology
to act in a particular way as a direct result of something
else

27 | P a g e

Exercise
Technology
Instruction:
Choose the correct answers.
1. The use of a new idea or method is called
a. Invention
b. Breakthrough
c. Innovation
d. Development
2. A person who fears, dislikes, or avoids new technology is called
a. Technophobe
b. Technophile
c. Engineering
d. Safeguard
3. The programs and other operating information used by a computer are
called
a. Science
b. Cybernetics
c. Hardware
d. Software
4. The scientific study of matter and energy and the effect that they have on
each other is called
a. Science
b. Physics
c. Research
d. Experiment
5. The process of finding information, a place, or an object, especially for the
first time, or the thing that is found is called
a. Discovery
b. Experiment
c. Development
d. Breakthrough
6. The science of communications and automatic control systems in both
machines and living things is called
a. Genetic
b. Cybernetics
c. Molecular Biology

28 | P a g e

d. Genetic Engineering
7. A measure taken to protect someone or something or to prevent something
undesirable is called
a. Breakthrough
b. Development
c. Experiment
d. Safeguard
8. A person who is enthusiastic about new technology is called
a. Safeguard
b. Engineering
c. Technophile
d. Technophobe
9. A scientific procedure undertaken to make a discovery, test a hypothesis,
or demonstrate a known fact is called
a. Invention
b. Experiment
c. Development
d. Breakthrough
10. Being or using the power produced when the nucleus of an atom is divided
or joined to another nucleus is called
a. Nuclear
b. Software
c. Hardware
d. Cybernetics
11. The systematic investigation into and study of materials and sources in
order to establish facts and reach new conclusions is called
a. Safeguard
b. Experiment
c. Innovation
d. Research
12. Something that has never been made before or the process of creating
something that has never been made before is called
a. Breakthrough
b. Development
c. Invention
d. Discovery
13. Belonging or relating to genes (= parts of the DNA in cells) received by
each animal or plant from its parents is called
a. Genetic
29 | P a g e

b. Cybernetics
c. Molecular Biology
d. Genetic Engineering
14. The science of changing the structure of the genes of a living thing in
order to make it healthier or stronger or more useful to humans is called

a. Genetic
b. Cybernetics
c. Molecular Biology
d. Genetic Engineering
15. The machines, wiring, and other physical components of a computer or
other electronic system is called
a. Science
b. Software
c. Hardware
d. Cybernetics
16. An important discovery or event that helps to improve a situation or
provide an answer to a problem is called
a. Development
b. Breakthrough
c. Innovation
d. Research
17. The process in which someone or something grows or changes and
becomes more advanced is called
a. Safeguard
b. Discovery
c. Development
d. Breakthrough
18. The branch of science and technology concerned with the design, building,
and use of engines, machines, and structures is called
a. Physics
b. Chemistry
c. Cybernetics
d. Engineering
19. The part of science which studies the basic characteristics of substances
and the different ways in which they react or combine with other
substances is called
a. Physics
b. Chemistry
c. Cybernetics
30 | P a g e

d. Engineering
20. The intellectual and practical activity encompassing the systematic study
of the structure and behavior of the physical and natural world through
observation and experiment is called
a. Science
b. Research
c. Discovery
d. Development

31 | P a g e

Chapter 5
Obligation & Option

No
.
86
87
88
89
90

Word/Phras
e
Compulsory
Forced
Liable For
Mandatory
Obliged

91
92
93
94

Optional
Required
To Exempt
Voluntary

Explanation
required by law or a rule; obligatory
obtained or imposed by coercion or physical power
legally obligated; responsible
required by law or mandate; compulsory
to be forced to do something or feel that you must do
something
available to be chosen but not obligatory
officially compulsory, or otherwise considered essential
to excuse someone or something from a duty, payment, etc.
done, given, or acting of ones own free will

32 | P a g e

Exercise
Obligation & Option
Instruction:
Arrange the jumbled letters into the correct words/phrases based on the
explanations.
Word/Phrase
l-y-m-s-C-r-p-o-u-o =

d-o-r-c-F-e =

l-i-L-b-a-e r-o-F =

o- r-a-t-a-d-n-y-M =

Explanation
required by law or a rule; obligatory

obtained or imposed by coercion or physical power

legally obligated; responsible

required by law or mandate; compulsory

b-e-l-i-g-O-d =

to be forced to do something or feel that you must do

something

p-a-t-O-n-i-l-o =

d-i-u-R-e-r-e-q =

available to be chosen but not obligatory

officially compulsory, or otherwise considered essential

o-T p-E-m-t-e-x =

to excuse someone or something from a duty, payment,

etc.

r-o-V-u-n-a-t-y-l =

done, given, or acting of ones own free will

33 | P a g e

Chapter 6
Arts
No.
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113

114

Word/Phra
Explanation
se
the writer of a book, article, play, etc.
Author
Autobiogra an account of a persons life written by that person
phy
a type of dancing where carefully organized movements tell
Ballet
a story or express an idea
Biography an account of someones life written by someone else
a group of objects of one type that have been collected by
Collection
one person or in one place
a musical performance given in public, typically by several
Concert
performers or of several compositions
Exhibition a public display of works of art or items of interest
a room or building for the display or sale of works of art
Gallery
a long printed story about imaginary characters and events
Novel
a person who writes novels
Novelist
a musical play in which most of the words are sung, or
Opera
plays and music of this type
Performan an act of presenting a play, concert, or other form of
entertainment
ce
a dramatic work for the stage or to be broadcast
Play
literary work in which the expression of feelings and ideas
Poetry
is given intensity by the use of distinctive style and rhythm
a painting, drawing, photograph, or engraving of a person
Portrait
Publication a book, magazine, newspaper, or document in which
information or stories are published
a critical appraisal of a book, play, film, etc. published in a
Review
newspaper or magazine
someone who creates sculptures
Sculptor
the art of forming solid objects that represent a thing,
Sculpture
person, idea, etc. out of a material such as wood, clay,
metal, or stone, or an object made in this way
a type of painting or drawing of an arrangement of objects
Still Life
that do not move, such as flowers, fruit, bowls, etc.

34 | P a g e

Exercise
Arts (Part 1)
Instruction:
Find the words/phrases horizontally, vertically, and diagonally (backwards may
be possible).

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Author
Autobiography
Ballet
Biography
Collection

6. Concert
7. Exhibition
8. Gallery
9. Novel
10. Novelist

35 | P a g e

Arts (Part 2)
Instruction:
Find the words/phrases horizontally, vertically, and diagonally (backwards may
be possible).

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Opera
Performance
Play
Poetry
Portrait

6. Publication
7. Review
8. Sculptor
9. Sculpture
10. Still Life

36 | P a g e

Chapter 7
Geography
No. Word/Phrase
Explanation
the land alongside or sloping down to a river or lake
115 Bank
an area of sand or small stones near the sea or another area
116 Beach
of water such as a lake
a very large piece of land sticking out into the sea
117 Cape
a high area of rock with a very steep side, often on a coast
118 Cliff
the weather conditions prevailing in an area in general or
119 Climate
over a long period
the land next to or close to the sea
120 Coast
the particular shape of the coast, especially as seen from
121 Coastline
above, from the sea, or on a map
122 Conurbation a city area containing a large number of people, formed by
various towns growing and joining together
an area or region with regard to its physical features
123 Country
an area of low, flat land, sometimes shaped like a triangle,
124 Delta
where a river divides into several smaller rivers before
flowing into the sea
different or including many different types
125 Diverse
describes land that can produce a large number of good
126 Fertile
quality crops
having a level surface; without raised areas or indentations
127 Flat
a large mass of ice that moves slowly
128 Glacier
a mountainous area of a country
129 Highlands
a naturally raised area of land, not as high or craggy as a
130 Hill
mountain
having many hills
131 Hilly
a narrow road in the countryside or in a town
132 Lane
a raised part of the Earth's surface, much larger than a hill,
133 Mountain
the top of which might be covered in snow
134 Mountainous having many mountains
an opening or entrance to a hollow, concave, or enclosed
135 Mouth
structure
a very large expanse of sea, in particular each of the main
136 Ocean
areas into which the sea is divided geographically
the pointed top of a mountain
137 Peak
a piece of land almost surrounded by water or projecting
138 Peninsula
out into a body of water
an area of fairly level high ground
139 Plateau
a long, narrow hilltop, mountain range, or watershed
140 Ridge
37 | P a g e

141 Shore
142 Source
143 Stream
144 Summit
145 Track
146 Tributary
147 Valley
148 Vegetation
149 Waterfall

the land along the edge of a sea, lake, or other large body
of water
the place something comes from or starts at, or the cause
of something
water that flows naturally along a fixed route formed by a
channel cut into rock or ground, usually at ground level
the highest point of a hill or mountain
a path or rough road that is made of soil rather than having
a surface covered with stone or other material
a river or stream that flows into a larger river or a lake
a low area of land between hills or mountains, typically
with a river or stream flowing through it
plants in general, or plants that are found in a particular
area
water, especially from a river or stream, dropping from a
higher to a lower point, sometimes from a great height

38 | P a g e

Exercise
Geography (Part 1)

Across
1. a city area containing a large number of people, formed by various towns
growing and joining together
4. the weather conditions prevailing in an area in general or over a long period
5. an area or region with regard to its physical features
8. describes land that can produce a large number of good quality crops
10. a very large piece of land sticking out into the sea

39 | P a g e

Down
1. the land next to or close to the sea
2. area of sand/small stones near the sea or another area of water such as a lake
3. an area of low, flat land, sometimes shaped like a triangle, where a river
divides into several smaller rivers before flowing into the sea
5. particular shape of the coast as seen from above, from the sea, or on a map
6. different or including many different types
7. a high area of rock with a very steep side, often on a coast
9. the land alongside or sloping down to a river or lake

40 | P a g e

Geography (Part 2)

Across
3. having many mountains
4. a piece of land almost surrounded by water or projecting out into a body of
water
5. having many hills
8. a raised part of the Earth's surface, much larger than a hill, the top of which
might be covered in snow
10. a large mass of ice that moves slowly
11. the pointed top of a mountain

41 | P a g e

Down
1. a mountainous area of a country
2. having a level surface; without raised areas or indentations
3. an opening or entrance to a hollow, concave, or enclosed structure
6. a narrow road in the countryside or in a town
7. a naturally raised area of land, not as high or craggy as a mountain
9. a very large expanse of sea, in particular each of the main areas into which the
sea is divided geographically

42 | P a g e

Geography (Part 3)

Across
3. the place something comes from or starts at, or the cause of something
5. a long, narrow hilltop, mountain range, or watershed
8. a path or rough road that is made of soil rather than having a surface covered
with stone or other material
9. water, especially from a river or stream, dropping from a higher to a lower
point, sometimes from a great height
10. a river or stream that flows into a larger river or a lake
Down
1. an area of fairly level high ground
2. water that flows naturally along a fixed route formed by a channel cut into
rock or ground, usually at ground level
3. the highest point of a hill or mountain
4. plants in general, or plants that are found in a particular area
6. the land along the edge of a sea, lake, or other large body of water
7. a low area of land between hills or mountains, typically with a river or stream
flowing through it

43 | P a g e

Chapter 8
Men & Women

No. Word/Phrase
150 Astute
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166

167
168
169
170

Explanation
having or showing an ability to accurately assess
situations or people and turn this to ones advantage
the disagreements and fight for power that exist between
Battle of the
men and women
Sexes
the member of a family who earns the money that the
Breadwinner
family needs
Child-Rearing the work of taking care of children until they are old
enough to look after themselves
believing that all people are equally important and
Egalitarian
should have the same rights and opportunities in life
the state of being equal, especially in status, rights, or
Equality
opportunities
the use of something in order to get an advantage from it
Exploitation
the public image of being male or female that a person
Gender Role
presents to others
a house and its occupants regarded as a unit
Household
the work of keeping a house clean and tidy
Housework
a man whose behavior and attitude toward women
Male
indicate a belief that they are innately inferior to men
Chauvinist
subspecies of Homo sapiens; includes all modern races
Modern Man
having many different parts
Multifaceted
Power Struggle an unpleasant or violent competition for power
not thinking or worrying about any pain caused to
Ruthless
others; cruel
a person considered inferior in status or rights in
Second-Class
comparison with some others
Citizens
a law to prevent unfair treatment of someone because of
Sex
Discrimination their sex, especially in employment and education
Act
a person regarded by another only in terms of their
Sex Object
sexual attractiveness or availability
discriminatory on the basis of sex (usually said of men's
Sexist
attitude toward women)
a fixed idea that people have about what someone or
Stereotype
something is like, especially an idea that is wrong
to live together and have a sexual relationship without
To Cohabit
being married

44 | P a g e

171 To
Discriminate
172 Unisex
173 Weaker Sex

to make an unjust or prejudicial distinction in the


treatment of different categories of people, especially on
the grounds of race, sex, or age
intended for use by both males and females
used to refer to women in general

45 | P a g e

Exercise
Men & Women (Part 1)
Instruction:
Match the words in column A with the explanations in column B.
A
1. Astute
2. Battle of the Sexes
3. Breadwinner
4. Child-Rearing

5. Egalitarian

6. Equality
7. Exploitation
8. Gender Role

9. Household
10. Housework

B
A. the public image of being male or female that a
person presents to others
B. the work of taking care of children until they are
old enough to look after themselves
C. the work of keeping a house clean and tidy
D. a man whose behavior and attitude toward women
indicate a belief that they are innately inferior to
men
E. having or showing an ability to accurately assess
situations or people and turn this to ones
advantage
F. the disagreements and fight for power that exist
between men and women
G. subspecies of Homo sapiens; includes all modern
races
H. believing that all people are equally important and
should have the same rights and opportunities in
life
I. the state of being equal, especially in status,
rights, or opportunities
J. the use of something in order to get an advantage
from it

11. Male Chauvinist


12. Modern Man

K. a house and its occupants regarded as a unit


L. the member of a family who earns the money that
the family needs

46 | P a g e

Men & Women (Part 2)


Instruction:
Match the words in column A with the explanations in column B.
A
1. Multifaceted
2. Power Struggle
3. Ruthless
4. Second-Class Citizens
5. Sex
Act

Discrimination

6. Sex Object

7. Sexist
8. Stereotype
9. To Cohabit

B
A. a person considered inferior in status or rights in
comparison with some others
B. a person regarded by another only in terms of
their sexual attractiveness or availability
C. used to refer to women in general
D. having many different parts
E. a fixed idea that people have about what
someone or something is like, especially an idea
that is wrong
F. to make an unjust or prejudicial distinction in
the treatment of different categories of people,
especially on the grounds of race, sex, or age
G. to live together and have a sexual relationship
without being married
H. intended for use by both males and females
I. a law to prevent unfair treatment of someone
because of their sex, especially in employment
and education

10. To Discriminate

11. Unisex
12. Weaker Sex

J. not thinking or worrying about any pain caused


to others; cruel
K. discriminatory on the basis of sex (usually said
of men's attitude toward women)
L. an unpleasant or violent competition for power

47 | P a g e

Chapter 9
Education

No.
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191

Word/Phrase
Bursary

Explanation
an amount of money given to a person by an organization,
such as a university, to pay for them to study
a set of classes or a plan of study on a particular subject,
Course
usually leading to an exam or qualification
education below the level of a university degree for people
Further
who are older than school age
Education
a sum of money given by a government or other
Grant
organization for a particular purpose
education at a college or university where subjects are
Higher
studied at an advanced level
Education
Kindergarten an establishment where children below the age of
compulsory education play and learn
the ability to read and write
Literacy
a student at a college or university who is older than the
Mature
usual age
Student
the ability to understand and work with numbers
Numeracy
a place for the special use of young children
Nursery
Opportunity a time or set of circumstances that makes it possible to do
something
an informal nursery group taking preschool children in
Playschool
half-day sessions
a school for children from the ages of about five to nine,
Primary
or an elementary school
School
a planned series of future events or performances
Programme
a grant or payment made to support a students education,
Scholarship
awarded on the basis of academic or other achievement
a high school
Secondary
School
the ability to do something well; expertise
Skill
to take the examination
To Sit the
Examination

48 | P a g e

Exercise
Education
1. A sum of money given by a government or other organization for a particular
purpose is called
a. Grant
b. Bursary
c. Programme
d. Scholarship
2. A school for children from the ages of about five to nine, or an elementary
school is called
a. Playschool
b. Kindergarten
c. Primary School
d. Secondary School
3. A place for the special use of young children is called
a. Primary School
b. Kindergarten
c. Numeracy
d. Nursery
4. An informal nursery group taking preschool children in half-day sessions is
called
a. Nursery
b. Playschool
c. Primary School
d. Secondary School
5. An amount of money given to a person by an organization, such as a
university, to pay for them to study is called
a. Grant
b. Course
c. Bursary
d. Scholarship
6. A planned series of future events or performances is called
a. Course
b. Programme
c. Literacy
d. Opportunity
7. The ability to understand and work with numbers is called
a. Numeracy
b. Literacy
49 | P a g e

c. Course
d. Skill
8. A grant or payment made to support a students education, awarded on the
basis of academic or other achievement is called
a. Grant
b. Course
c. Bursary
d. Scholarship
9. The ability to do something well is called
a. Skill
b. Course
c. Literacy
d. Numeracy
10. The ability to read and write is called
a. Skill
b. Course
c. Literacy
d. Numeracy
11. A time or set of circumstances that makes it possible to do something is called

a. Course
b. Literacy
c. Programme
d. Opportunity
12. A set of classes or a plan of study on a particular subject, usually leading to an
exam or qualification is called
a. Grant
b. Course
c. Programme
d. Opportunity
13. An establishment where children below the age of compulsory education play
and learn is called
a. Playschool
b. Kindergarten
c. Primary School
d. Secondary School
14. Education below the level of a university degree for people who are older than
school age is called
a. Primary School
50 | P a g e

b. Secondary School
c. Further Education
d. Higher Education
15. Education at a college or university where subjects are studied at an advanced
level is called
a. Primary School
b. Secondary School
c. Further Education
d. Higher Education

51 | P a g e

Chapter 10
Business & Industry

No. Word/Phrase
Explanation
the use or introduction of automatic equipment in a
192 Automation
manufacturing or other process or facility
the total amount by which money spent is more than money
193 Deficit
received
the desire of consumers, clients, employers, etc. for a
194 Demand
particular commodity, service, or other item
Gross Domestic Product: the total value of goods and
195 GDP
services produced by a country in a year
Gross National Product: the total value of goods and
196 GNP
services produced by a country in one year, including
profits made in foreign countries
an occasion when a company stops employing someone,
197 Lay off
sometimes temporarily, because the company does not have
enough money or enough work
provided or owned by an individual or an independent,
198 Private
commercial company rather than the state
a period when the economy of a country is not successful
199 Recession
and conditions for business are bad
the income that a government or company receives
200 Revenue
regularly
the ordinary workers in a factory, or the place where they
201 Shop Floor
work
a stock or amount of something supplied or available for
202 Supply
use
to give work to someone and pay them for it
203 To Employ
to send goods or services to another country for sale
204 To Export
to buy or bring in products from another country
205 To Import

52 | P a g e

Exercise
Business & Industry
Instruction: Arrange the jumbled letters into the correct words/phrases.
Word/Phrase
t-i-n-A-o-m-u-t-a-o =

c-e-D-i-t-i-f =

n-D-e-d-a-m =

P-D-G =

N-P-G =

a-L-y f-o-f =

r-e-t-i-v-a-P =

s-R-o-e-n-s-e-i-c =

n-e-v-u-e-R-e =

p-o-S-h o-F-r-o-l =

p-u-S-y-l-p =

o-T p-y-E-l-o-m =

o-T t-o-p-x-E-r =

o-T p-r-I-t-o-m =

Explanation
the use or introduction of automatic equipment in a
manufacturing or other process or facility
the total amount by which money spent is more than
money received
the desire of consumers, clients, employers, etc. for a
particular commodity, service, or other item
the total value of goods and services produced by a
country in a year
the total value of goods and services produced by a
country in one year, including profits made in foreign
countries
an occasion when a company stops employing
someone, sometimes temporarily, because the
company does not have enough money or enough
work
provided or owned by an individual or an
independent, commercial company rather than the
state
a period when the economy of a country is not
successful and conditions for business are bad
the income that a government or company receives
regularly
the ordinary workers in a factory, or the place where
they work
a stock or amount of something supplied or available
for use
to give work to someone and pay them for it
to send goods or services to another country for sale
to buy or bring in products from another country

53 | P a g e

Chapter 11
Social Tension
No.

Word/Phras
e
206 Asylum

Explanation

the protection granted by a state to someone who has left


their home country as a political refugee
a person who continues working when fellow workers are
207 Blackleg
on strike
208 Community a group of people living in the same place or having a
particular characteristic in common
209 Discriminati the unjust or prejudicial treatment of different categories of
people, especially on the grounds of race, age, or sex
on
essentially different in kind; not able to be compared
210 Disparate
a person who publicly disagrees with and criticizes their
211 Dissident
government
the mass expulsion or killing of members of one ethnic or
212 Ethnic
religious group in an area by those of another
Cleansing
213 Exploitation the action or fact of treating someone unfairly in order to
benefit from their work
the deliberate killing of a large group of people, especially
214 Genocide
those of a particular nation or ethnic group
215 Harassment behaviour that annoys or upsets someone
without a home, and therefore typically living on the streets
216 Homeless
the basic rights that it is generally considered all people
217 Human
should have, such as justice and the freedom to say what
Rights
they think
218 Intimidation the action of intimidating someone, or the state of being
intimidated
travelling from one place to another, usually to work for a
219 Itinerant
short period
relating to or containing several cultural or ethnic groups
220 Multiwithin a society
Cultural
221 Multi-Racial made up of or relating to people of many races
a person who has been rejected or ostracized by their
222 Outcast
society or social group
the state of being extremely poor
223 Poverty
an unpleasant or violent competition for power
224 Power
Struggle
an unfair and unreasonable opinion or feeling, especially
225 Prejudice
when formed without enough thought or knowledge

54 | P a g e

226 Racism

227 Rebel
228 Refugee

229 Riot
230 Sectarian
231 Squatter
232 Unorthodox
233 Unrest

the belief that all members of each race possess


characteristics, abilities, or qualities specific to that race,
especially so as to distinguish it as inferior or superior to
another race or races
a person who shows their disagreement with the ideas of
people in authority or of society by behaving differently
a person who has escaped from their own country for
political, religious, or economic reasons or because of a
war
a violent disturbance of the peace by a crowd
strongly supporting a particular religious group, especially
in such a way as not to be willing to accept other beliefs
a person who lives in an empty building without permission
different from what is usual or expected in behaviour,
ideas, methods, etc.
disagreements or fighting between different groups of
people

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Exercise
Social Tensions (Part 1)

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Asylum
Blackleg
Community
Discrimination
Disparate

6.
7.
8.
9.

Dissident
Ethnic Cleansing
Exploitation
Genocide

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Social Tensions (Part 2)

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Harassment
Homeless
Human Rights
Intimidation
Itinerant

6.
7.
8.
9.

Multi-Cultural
Multi-Racial
Outcast
Poverty

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Social Tensions (Part 3)

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Power Struggle
Prejudice
Racism
Rebel
Refugee

6. Riot
7. Sectarian
8. Squatter
9. Unorthodox
10. Unrest

58 | P a g e

Chapter 12
Natural Disaster
No. Word/Phrase
Explanation
something bad that happens that is not expected or intended
234 Accident
and that often damages something or injures someone
a person injured or killed in a serious accident or war
235 Casualty
great destruction or damage
236 Devastation
an illness of people, animals, plants, etc., caused by
237 Disease
infection or a failure of health rather than by an accident
a prolonged period of abnormally low rainfall, leading to a
238 Drought
shortage of water
the appearance of a particular disease in a large number of
239 Epidemic
people at the same time
a sudden, often violent outburst
240 Eruption
a violent shattering or blowing apart of something, as is
241 Explosion
caused by a bomb
a situation in which there is not enough food for a great
242 Famine
number of people, causing illness and death, or a particular
period when this happens
an overflow of a large amount of water beyond its normal
243 Flood
limits, especially over what is normally dry land
something that causes difficult or unpleasant conditions of
244 Hardship
life
without a home, and therefore typically living on the streets
245 Homeless
a violent wind that has a circular movement
246 Hurricane
a disease of the body or mind
247 Illness
harmed, damaged, or impaired
248 Injured
a contagious bacterial disease characterized by fever and
249 Plague
delirium
a feeling of reassurance and relaxation following release
250 Relief
from anxiety or distress
physical or mental pain that a person or animal is feeling
251 Suffering
a person who is able to continue living their life
252 Survivor
successfully despite experiencing difficulties
used to refer to very heavy rain
253 Torrential
a violent wind that has a circular movement
254 Typhoon
a person harmed, injured, or killed as a result of a crime,
255 Victim
accident, or other event or action
a mountain with a large, circular hole at the top through
256 Volcano
which lava, gases, steam, and dust have been forced out
suffering from physical injury
257 Wounded
59 | P a g e

Exercise
Natural Disaster (Part 1)

Across
3. a situation in which there is not enough food for a great number of people,
causing illness and death, or a particular period when this happens
5. a sudden, often violent outburst
6. something bad that happens that is not expected or intended and that often
damages something or injures someone
7. a prolonged period of abnormally low rainfall, leading to a shortage of water
9. a person injured or killed in a serious accident or war
10. something that causes difficult or unpleasant conditions of Life

60 | P a g e

Down
1. an illness of people, animals, plants, etc., caused by infection or a failure of
health rather than by an accident
2. great destruction or damage
3. an overflow of a large amount of water beyond its normal limits, especially
over what is normally dry land
4. the appearance of a particular disease in a large number of people at the same time
5. a violent shattering or blowing apart of something, as is caused by a bomb
8. without a home, and therefore typically living on the streets

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Natural Disaster (Part 2)

Across
2. a violent wind that has a circular movement
7. used to refer to very heavy rain
8. physical or mental pain that a person or animal is feeling
9. harmed, damaged, or impaired
10. a disease of the body or mind
11. a mountain with a large, circular hole at the top through which lava, gases,
steam, and dust are or have been forced out

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Down
1. a violent wind that has a circular movement
3. a contagious bacterial disease characterized by fever and delirium
4. a person harmed or killed as a result of a crime, accident and event or action
5. a feeling of reassurance and relaxation following release from anxiety
6. suffering from physical injury
8. a person who is able to continue living their life successfully despite
experiencing difficulties

63 | P a g e

Chapter 13
Money & Finance
No. Word/Phrase
Explanation
a sum of money paid regularly to a person to meet needs
258 Allowance
or expenses
an arrangement with a bank in which the customer puts in
259 Bank
and removes money and the bank keeps a record of it
account
a printed record of the money put into and removed from a
260 Bank
bank account
statement
having no money
261 Bankrupt
something on sale at a lower price than its true value
262 Bargain
having completely run out of money
263 Broke
a financial organization which pays interest on
264 Building
investments by its members and lends capital for the
society
purchase or improvement of houses
money in the form of notes and coins, rather than cheques
265 Cash
or credit cards
a printed form, used instead of money, to make payments
266 Cheque
from your bank account
267 Corporation tax paid by businesses on their profits
Tax
268 Cost of living the amount of money that a person needs to live
a small plastic card issued by a bank, building society,
269 Credit Card
etc., allowing the holder to purchase goods or services on
credit
the money that is used in a particular country at a
270 Currency
particular time
a bank account that a person can take money from at any
271 Current
time and that usually earns little or no interest
account
the official department that administers and collects the
272 Customs
duties levied by a government on imported goods
something, especially money, that is owed to someone
273 Debt
else, or the state of owing something
reduction of the general level of prices in an economy
274 Deflation
a sum of money paid into a bank or building society
275 Deposit
account
a bank account that pays interest and is usually not able to
276 Deposit
be drawn on without notice or loss of interest
account
a reduction in the usual price
277 Discount
(a part of) the profit of a company that is paid to the
278 Dividend
people who own shares in it

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279 Economical
280 Excise duty
281 Exorbitant
282 Expenditure
283 Extravagant
284 Frugal
285 Income Tax
286 Inflation
287 Inheritance
tax
288 Inland
Revenue
289 Interest
290 Investment

291 Loan

292 Loss
293 Mortgage

294 Negative
Equity
295 On credit
296 Overdraft

297 Overdrawn
298 Overpriced
299 Priceless

not using a lot of money, fuel, etc.


a tax on some types of goods such as alcohol, cigarettes,
or petrol paid to a national or state government
unreasonably high
the total amount of money that an organization or person
spends
spending or costing a lot of money
careful to use only as much money, food, etc. as is
necessary
a tax on the money that a person earns from working or
that a company earns from the sale of products or services
an increase in prices over time, causing a reduction in the
value of money
a tax paid on the value of the property, money, and other
assets of someone who has died
public revenue consisting of income tax and some other
direct taxes
money that is charged by a bank or other financial
organization for lending money
the act of putting money into a business to buy new stock,
machines, etc., or a sum of money that is invested in a
business in this way
money that someone borrows from a bank or other
financial organization for a period of time during which
they pay interest
a situation in which a business or an organization spends
more money than it earns, or loses money in another way
a legal agreement to borrow money from a bank or other
financial organization, especially to buy a house or other
property, or the amount of money borrowed
a situation in which a house, etc. has become less valuable
than the amount that is owed to the bank that lent the
money to buy it
with an arrangement to pay later
an amount of money that a customer with a bank account
is temporarily allowed to owe to the bank, or the
agreement which allows this
having taken more money out of a bank account than the
account contained
used to describe something that costs more than it is worth
used to describe something with such a high value that its
price cannot be calculated, especially because it is rare

65 | P a g e

300 Profit

301 Receipt
302 Reduction
303 Shares

304 Social
Security
305 Stocks
306 To borrow

307 To credit
308 To debit
309 To
Economise
310 To invest

311 To lend

312 To save
313 To withdraw
314 Wealthy
315 Worthless

money that is earned in trade or business, especially after


paying the costs of producing and selling goods and
services
the total amount of money received by a business or
government
an amount by which the price of something is reduced
one of the units that the ownership of a company, fund,
etc. is divided into and which can be bought by members
of the public
a system of payments by the government to people who
are ill, poor, or have no job
part of the ownership of a company that people have as an
investment in the form of shares
to take money from a bank or other financial organization
with the intention of paying it back over a period of time,
usually with interest added on
to add (an amount of money) to an account
to remove (an amount of money) from a customers
account
to try to save money by reducing the amount that you are
spending
to put money into financial schemes, shares, property, or a
commercial venture with the expectation of achieving a
profit
to allow a person or organization the use of a sum of
money under an agreement to pay it back later, typically
with interest
to keep and store up (something, especially money) for
future use
to take money out of an account
having a great deal of money, resources, or assets; rich
having no value in money

66 | P a g e

Exercise
Money & Finance (Part 1)

Instruction: Match the words in column A with the explanations in column B.


A
B
1. Allowance
2. Bank account

3. Bank statement
4. Bankrupt

5. Bargain
6. Broke
7. Building society

8. Cash
9. Cheque
10. Corporation Tax

11. Cost of living


12. Credit Card

13. Currency
14. Current account

15. Customs

A. having no money
B. a small plastic card issued by a bank, building
society, etc., allowing the holder to purchase
goods or services on credit
C. money in the form of notes and coins, rather
than cheques or credit cards
D. a financial organization which pays interest on
investments by its members and lends capital for
the purchase or improvement of houses
E. tax paid by businesses on their profits
F. the amount of money that a person needs to live
G. a printed form, used instead of money, to make
payments from your bank account
H. the money that is used in a particular country at
a particular time
I. a sum of money paid regularly to a person to
meet needs or expenses
J. the official department that administers and
collects the duties levied by a government on
imported goods
K. something on sale at a lower price than its true
value
L. a bank account that a person can take money
from at any time and that usually earns little or
no interest
M. a printed record of the money put into and
removed from a bank account
N. an arrangement with a bank in which the
customer puts in and removes money and the
bank keeps a record of it
O. having completely run out of money

67 | P a g e

Money & Finance (Part 2)


Instruction: Match the words in column A with the explanations in column B.
A
1. Debt
2. Deflation

3. Deposit

B
A. careful to use only as much money, food, etc. as
is necessary
B. a tax on the money that a person earns from
working or that a company earns from the sale of
products or services
C. an increase in prices over time, causing a
reduction in the value of money

4. Deposit account
5. Discount
6. Dividend

7. Economical
8. Excise duty
9. Exorbitant
10. Expenditure

11. Extravagant
12. Frugal
13. Income Tax

D. unreasonably high
E. reduction of the general level of prices in an
economy
F. a tax on some types of goods such as alcohol,
cigarettes, or petrol paid to a national or state
government
G. spending or costing a lot of money
H. something, especially money, that is owed to
someone else, or the state of owing something
I. a tax paid on the value of the property, money,
and other assets of someone who has died
J. a bank account that pays interest and is usually
not able to be drawn on without notice or loss of
interest
K. not using a lot of money, fuel, etc.
L. (a part of) the profit of a company that is paid to
the people who own shares in it
M. a sum of money paid into a bank or building
society account

14. Inflation
15. Inheritance tax

N. a reduction in the usual price


O. the total amount of money that an organization or
person spends

68 | P a g e

Money & Finance (Part 3)


Instruction: Match the words in column A with the explanations in column B.
A

1. Inland Revenue A. used to describe something that costs more than it is worth
2. Interest
B. an amount of money that a customer with a bank account
is temporarily allowed to owe to the bank, or the
agreement which allows this
3. Investment
C. with an arrangement to pay later
4. Loan

D. an amount by which the price of something is reduced

5. Loss

E. a situation in which a house, etc. has become less valuable


than the amount that is owed to the bank that lent the
money to buy it
F. money that is earned in trade or business, especially after
paying the costs of producing and selling goods and
services
G. used to describe something with such a high value that its
price cannot be calculated, especially because it is rare
H. a legal agreement to borrow money from a bank or other
financial organization, especially to buy a house or other
property, or the amount of money borrowed
I. money that someone borrows from a bank or other
financial organization for a period of time during which
they pay interest
J. money that is charged by a bank or other financial
organization for lending money
K. the total amount of money received by a business or
government
L. a situation in which a business or an organization spends
more money than it earns, or loses money in another way
M. the act of putting money into a business to buy new stock,
machines, etc., or a sum of money that is invested in a
business in this way
N. public revenue consisting of income tax and some other
direct taxes
O. having taken more money out of a bank account than the
account contained

6. Mortgage

7. Negative
Equity
8. On credit

9. Overdraft

10. Overdrawn
11. Overpriced
12. Priceless
13. Profit

14. Receipt
15. Reduction

69 | P a g e

Money & Finance (Part 4)


Instruction: Match the words in column A with the explanations in column B.
Word/Phrase
1. Shares

2. Social Security

3. Stocks
4. To borrow
5. To credit
6. To debit
7. To Economise
8. To invest
9. To lend
10. To save
11. To withdraw
12. Wealthy

13. Worthless

Explanation
A. to take money from a bank or other financial
organization with the intention of paying it back
over a period of time, usually with interest added
on
B. to allow a person or organization the use of a
sum of money under an agreement to pay it back
later, typically with interest
C. having no value in money
D. having a great deal of money, resources, or
assets; rich
E. to keep and store up (something, especially
money) for future use
F. to take money out of an account
G. part of the ownership of a company that people
have as an investment in the form of shares
H. a system of payments by the government to
people who are ill, poor, or have no job
I. to remove (an amount of money) from a
customers account
J. to add (an amount of money) to an account
K. to try to save money by reducing the amount that
you are spending
L. one of the units that the ownership of a
company, fund, etc. is divided into and which
can be bought by members of the public
M. to put money into financial schemes, shares,
property, or a commercial venture with the
expectation of achieving a profit

70 | P a g e

Chapter 14
Travel
No.

Word/Phras
e
316 Bed and
Breakfast
317 Cruise

Explanation

sleeping accommodation for a night and a meal in the


morning, provided in guest houses and hotels
a journey on a large ship for pleasure, during which you
visit several places
a feeling of confusion felt by someone visiting a country or
318 Culture
place that they do not know
Shock
319 Ecotourism tourism directed towards exotic natural environments,
intended to support conservation efforts and observe
wildlife
320 Emigration the act of leaving ones own country to settle permanently
in another; moving abroad
a short journey or trip, especially one taken as a leisure
321 Excursion
activity
a person who lives outside their native country
322 Expatriate
provision of accommodation and all meals at a hotel or
323 Full-Board
guest house
324 Half-Board provision of bed, breakfast, and one main meal at a hotel or
guest house
325 Illegal Alien someone who goes to live or work in another country when
they do not have the legal right to do this
326 Immigration the action of coming to live permanently in a foreign
country
group travel to a destination for purposes of leisure
327 Mass
Tourism
a small traveling bag to carry clothing and accessories for
328 Overnight
staying overnight
Bag
329 Persona Non a person who is not wanted or welcome in a particular
country, because they are unacceptable to its government
Grata
(Latin)
a person who has escaped from their own country for
330 Refugee
political, religious, or economic reasons or because of a
war
an expedition to observe or hunt animals in their natural
331 Safari
habitat
offering facilities for people to cook their own meals
332 SelfCatering
a short journey by air
333 Short-Haul
Flight

71 | P a g e

334 Sightseeing
Holiday
335 Suitcase
336 To
Acclimatise
337 To Deport

338 To
Disembark
339 Travel
Agency

the activity of visiting interesting places, especially by


people on holiday
a large, rectangular case with a handle for carrying clothes
and possessions while travelling
to become accustomed to a new climate or new conditions;
adjust
to force someone to leave a country, especially someone
who has no legal right to be there or who has broken the
law
to leave a ship, aircraft, etc. after a journey
a company or shop that makes travel arrangements for
people

72 | P a g e

Exercise
Travel
Instruction: Choose the correct answers.
1. A large, rectangular case with a handle for carrying clothes and possessions
while travelling is called
a. Safari
b. Cruise
c. Suitcase
d. Overnight bag
2. The action of coming to live permanently in a foreign country is called
a. Excursion
b. Emigration
c. Ecotourism
d. Immigration
3. A person who lives outside their native country is called
a. Refugee
b. Expatriate
c. Illegal Alien
d. Persona Non Grata
4. An expedition to observe or hunt animals in their natural habitat is called
a. Safari
b. Cruise
c. Excursion
d. Ecotourism
5. Provision of accommodation and all meals at a hotel or guest house is called

a. Full-Board
b. Half-Board
c. Self-Catering
d. Bed and Breakfast
6. Provision of bed, breakfast, and one main meal at a hotel or guest house is
called
a. Full-Board
b. Half-Board
c. Self-Catering
d. Bed and Breakfast
7. Group travel to a destination for purposes of leisure is called
a. Safari
73 | P a g e

b. Excursion
c. Ecotourism
d. Mass Tourism
8. Someone who goes to live or work in another country when they do not have
the legal right to do this is called
a. Refugee
b. Expatriate
c. Illegal Alien
d. Persona Non Grata
9. A small traveling bag to carry clothing and accessories for staying overnight is
called
a. Safari
b. Cruise
c. Suitcase
d. Overnight bag
10. Offering facilities for people to cook their own meals is called
a. Full-Board
b. Half-Board
c. Self-Catering
d. Bed and Breakfast
11. The act of leaving ones own country to settle permanently in another is called

a. Excursion
b. Emigration
c. Ecotourism
d. Immigration
12. A short journey or trip, especially one taken as a leisure activity is called
a. Excursion
b. Emigration
c. Ecotourism
d. Immigration
13. A journey on a large ship for pleasure, during which you visit several places is
called
a. Safari
b. Cruise
c. Excursion
d. Ecotourism
14. Sleeping accommodation for a night and a meal in the morning, provided in
guest houses and hotels is called
74 | P a g e

a. Full-Board
b. Half-Board
c. Self-Catering
d. Bed and Breakfast
15. A short journey by air is called
a. Ecotourism
b. Mass Tourism
c. Short-Haul Flight
d. Sightseeing Holiday
16. The activity of visiting interesting places, especially by people on holiday is
called
a. Sightseeing Holiday
b. Short-Haul Flight
c. Mass Tourism
d. Ecotourism
17. A person who has escaped from their own country for political, religious, or
economic reasons or because of a war is called
a. Refugee
b. Expatriate
c. Illegal Alien
d. Persona Non Grata
18. A person who is not wanted or welcome in a particular country, because they
are unacceptable to its government is called
a. Refugee
b. Expatriate
c. Illegal Alien
d. Persona Non Grata
19. Tourism directed towards exotic natural environments, intended to support
conservation efforts and observe wildlife is called
a. Safari
b. Excursion
c. Ecotourism
d. Mass Tourism
20. A feeling of confusion felt by someone visiting a country or place that they do
not know is called
a. Illegal Alien
b. Culture Shock
c. Full-Board
d. Half-Board

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Chapter 15
Environment
No.
Word/Phrase
340 Acid Rain

341 Bottle Bank

342 Captivity
343 Carbon Dioxide
344 CFC Gas

345 Climate Change


346 Conservation

347 Degradation
348 Ecosystem
349 Emission
350 Endangered
Species
351 Environmentalist

352 Erosion
353 Extinct
354 Fossil Fuel
355 Genetically
Modified (GM)
356 Global Warming

Explanation
rain that contains large amounts of harmful
chemicals as a result of burning substances such as
coal and oil
a large container into which people put empty
bottles and other glass objects so that the glass can
be used again
the situation in which a person or animal is kept
somewhere and is not allowed to leave
the gas formed when carbon is burned, or when
people or animals breathe out
a gas used in fridges and, in the past, in aerosols (= a
metal container in which liquids are kept under
pressure and forced out in drops)
the way the world's weather is changing
the protection of plants and animals, natural areas,
and interesting and important structures and
buildings, especially from the damaging effects of
human activity
the process in which the beauty or quality of
something is destroyed or spoiled
all the living things in an area and the way they
affect each other and the environment
the production and discharge of something,
especially gas or radiation
a species of animal or plant that is seriously at risk
of extinction
a person who studies the environment or believes
that it must be protected from damage by human
activities
the gradual reduction or destruction of something
no longer in existence
a natural fuel such as coal or gas, formed in the
geological past from the remains of living organisms
describes a plant or animal that has had some of its
genes changed scientifically
a gradual increase in world temperatures caused by
gases such as carbon dioxide that are collecting in
the air around the Earth and stopping heat escaping
into space

76 | P a g e

357 Green Belt


358 Greenhouse Effect

359 Overfishing
360 Ozone Layer

361 Rain Forest


362 Sea Level
363 To Recycle

364 To Reuse
365 Waste
366 Waste Disposal

367 Wildlife

a strip of countryside round a city or town where


building is not allowed
an increase in the amount of carbon dioxide and
other gases in the atmosphere that is believed to be
the cause of a gradual warming of the surface of the
Earth
catching too many fish in an area of the sea so that
there are not many fish left there
a layer of air containing ozone high above the Earth
that prevents harmful ultraviolet light from the sun
from reaching the Earth
a forest in a hot area of the world that receives a lot
of rain
the average height of the sea where it meets the land
to collect and treat used objects and materials that
are ready to be thrown out in order to produce
materials that can be used again
to use something again
unwanted or unusable material, substances, or byproducts
an electrical machine, connected to a kitchen sink,
that cuts up food waste so that it will flow easily
through the pipes
animals and plants that grow independently of
people, usually in natural conditions

77 | P a g e

Exercise
Environment (Part 1)
Word/Phrase
d-A-i-c n-a-R-i =

t-e-t-B-l-o k-a-n-B =

Explanation
rain that contains large amounts of harmful chemicals
as a result of burning substances such as coal and oil
a large container into which people put empty bottles
and other glass objects so that the glass can be used
again
the situation in which a person or animal is kept
somewhere and is not allowed to leave

v-y-p-i-t-a-C-i-t =

b-a-r-C-o-n x-i-e-i-d-o-D
=
the gas formed when carbon is burned, or when

people or animals breathe out


C-C-F s-a-G =

a gas used in fridges and, in the past, in aerosols

l-a-m-i-t-e-C g-a-h-n-e-C
=
the way the world's weather is changing

v-e-n-o-r-a-n-s-i-C-t-o =
the protection of plants and animals, natural areas, and

interesting and important structures and buildings,


especially from the damaging effects of human
activity
g-i-r-o-D-a-d-a-t-e-n =
the process in which the beauty or quality of

something is destroyed or spoiled


c-E-t-o-s-e-m-s-y =
all the living things in an area and the way they affect

each other and the environment


s-i-s-i-m-o-n-E =
the production and discharge of something, especially

gas or radiation
n-E-r-g-e-d-a-n-d-e
a species of animal or plant that is seriously at risk of
c-e-S-i-p-e-s
extinction
=
n-i-m-o-l-E-v-i-r-s-n-e-n- a person who studies the environment or believes that
t-a-t = it must be protected from damage by human activities
s-E-n-o-i-r-o =
the gradual reduction or destruction of something

x-i-t-c-E-n-t =
no longer in existence

78 | P a g e

Environment (Part 2)
Word/Phrase

Explanation

o-s-F-l-i-s l-u-F-e =

e-c-e-n-i-G-t-a-l-y-l
f-o-d-i-M-i-e-d =

b-o-G-l-a-l m-W-a-g-n-ir=

a natural fuel such as coal or gas, formed in the


geological past from the remains of living organisms

G-e-n-r-e l-e-B-t =

n-u-G-h-e-r-e-s-e-o
c-E-f-t-e-f =

O-h-i-r-g-e-f-v-s-i-n =

z-O-e-n-o r-e-y-a-L =

n-a-R-i r-e-s-t-o-F =

e-S-a v-e-L-e-l =

o-T c-e-c-y-R-e-l =

o-T e-s-e-R-u =

t-e- s-a-W =

s-a-t-e-W p-l-i-s-o-D-a-s
=

d-i-l-f-l-i-W-e =

describes a plant or animal that has had some of its


genes changed scientifically
a gradual increase in world temperatures caused by
gases such as carbon dioxide that are collecting in
the air around the Earth and stopping heat escaping
into space
a strip of countryside round a city or town where
building is not allowed
an increase in the amount of carbon dioxide and
other gases in the atmosphere that is believed to be
the cause of a gradual warming of the surface of the
Earth
catching too many fish in an area of the sea so that
there are not many fish left there
a layer of air containing ozone high above the Earth
that prevents harmful ultraviolet light from the sun
from reaching the Earth
a forest in a hot area of the world that receives a lot
of rain
the average height of the sea where it meets the land
to collect and treat used objects and materials that
are ready to be thrown out in order to produce
materials that can be used again
to use something again
unwanted or unusable material, substances, or byproducts
an electrical machine, connected to a kitchen sink,
that cuts up food waste so that it will flow easily
through the pipes
animals and plants that grow independently of
people, usually in natural conditions
79 | P a g e

Chapter 16
Healthcare
No. Word/Phrase
368 Aromatherap
y
369 Artery
370
371

372
373

374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389

Explanation
the use of aromatic plant extracts and essential oils for
healing and cosmetic purposes
one of the thick tubes that carry blood from the heart to
other parts of the body
a disease causing painful inflammation and stiffness of
Arthritis
the joints
the red liquid that is sent around the body by the heart,
Blood
and carries oxygen and important substances to organs
and tissue, and removes waste products
a measure of the pressure at which the blood flows
Blood
through the body
Pressure
a serious disease that is caused when cells in the body
Cancer
grow in a way that is uncontrolled and not normal, killing
normal cells and often causing death
a substance containing a lot of fat that is found in the
Cholesterol
body tissue and blood of all animals
movement to and from or around something, especially
Circulation
that of fluid in a closed system
a person who provides expert advice professionally
Consultant
able to be cured
Curable
an act or instance of reducing something
Cutback
the food and drink usually eaten or drunk by a person or
Diet
group
an illness that disrupts normal physical or mental
Disorder
functions
treatment that deals with the whole person, not just the
Holistic
injury or disease
Medicine
a disease of the body or mind
Illness
the cells and tissues in the body that make it able to
Immuneprotect itself against infection
System
not able to be cured
Incurable
a disease in a part of your body that is caused by bacteria
Infection
or a virus
Inflammation a red, painful, and often swollen area in or on a part of
the body
a place in the body where two bones are connected
Joint
Mental Health the condition of someone's mind and the fact that they are
suffering from any mental illness or not
a chemical that your body needs to stay healthy
Mineral
80 | P a g e

390 Muscle
391 Operating
Theatre
392 Overweight
393 Pill
394 Prescription
395 Prevention
396 Protein

397 Remedy
398 Rheumatism
399 Specialist
400 Strain
401 Stress-related
402 Substance
403 Surgeon
404 Surgery

405 Tablet
406 Therapeutic
407 Therapy
408 To Cure
409 To Relieve
410 Underfunding
411 Virus

one of many tissues in the body that can tighten and relax
to produce movement
a special room in which people are operated on in a
hospital
above a weight considered normal or desirable
a small solid piece of medicine that a person swallows
without chewing
a piece of paper on which a doctor writes the details of
the medicine or drugs that someone needs
the act of stopping something from happening or of
stopping someone from doing something
one of the many substances found in food such as meat,
cheese, fish, or eggs, that is necessary for the body to
grow and be strong
a successful way of curing an illness or dealing with a
problem or difficulty
a medical condition that causes stiffness and pain in the
joints or muscles of the body
doctor with special training and knowledge in a particular
area of medicine
an injury to a muscle or similar soft part of the body
caused by using that part too much
associated with or caused by stress or mental fatigue
material with particular physical characteristics
a doctor who is specially trained to perform medical
operations
the treatment of injuries or diseases in people or animals
by cutting open the body and removing or repairing the
damaged part
a small, solid piece of medicine
causing someone to feel happier and more relaxed or to
be more healthy
a treatment that helps someone feel better, grow stronger,
etc., especially after an illness
to relieve (a person or animal) of the symptoms of a
disease or condition
to cause (pain, distress, or difficulty) to become less
severe or serious
a situation in which something is given less money than it
needs
a small infectious agent that replicates only inside the
living cells of other organisms

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412 Vitamin
413 Vulnerable
414 Welfare State

415 WHO

any of a group of natural substances that are necessary in


small amounts for the growth and good health of the body
able to be easily physically, emotionally, or mentally
hurt, influenced, or attacked
a system that allows the government of a country to
provide social services such as healthcare, unemployment
benefit, etc. to people who need them, paid for by taxes
World Health Organization

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Exercise
Healthcare (Part 1)

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Aromatherapy
Artery
Arthritis
Blood
Blood Pressure
Cancer

7. Cholesterol
8. Circulation
9. Consultant
10. Curable
11. Cutback
12. Diet

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Healthcare (Part 2)

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Disorder
Holistic Medicine
Illness
Immune-System
Incurable
Infection

7. Inflammation
8. Joint
9. Mental Health
10. Mineral
11. Muscle
12. Operating Theatre

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Healthcare (Part 3)

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Overweight
Pill
Prescription
Prevention
Protein
Remedy

7. Rheumatism
8. Specialist
9. Strain
10. Stress-related
11. Substance
12. Surgeon

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Healthcare (Part 4)

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Surgery
Tablet
Therapeutic
Therapy
To Cure
To Relieve
Underfunding

8. Virus
9. Vitamin
10. Vulnerable
11. Welfare State
12. WHO (World Health
Organization)

86 | P a g e

Chapter 17
Crime & Law

No. Word/Phrase
416 Attorney
417 Barrister
418 Burglar
419 Burglary
420 Conviction

421 Court

422 Deed
423 Defendant
424 Deterrent
425 Espionage
426 Evidence
427 Forger
428 Forgery
429 Hijacker
430 Hooligan
431 Hooliganism
432 Innocent
433 Judge
434 Jury

435 Law-Abiding

Explanation
a person, typically a lawyer, appointed to act for another
in business or legal matters
a person called to the bar and entitled to practise as an
advocate, particularly in the higher courts
a person who illegally enters buildings and steals things
the crime of illegally entering a building and stealing
things
the fact of officially being found to be guilty of a
particular crime, or the act of officially finding someone
guilty
a place where trials and other legal cases happen, or the
people present in such a place, especially the officials and
those deciding if someone is guilty
an action that is performed intentionally or consciously
an individual, company, or institution sued or accused in
a court of law
a thing that discourages or is intended to discourage
someone from doing something
the practice of spying or of using spies, typically by
governments to obtain political and military information
one or more reasons for believing that something is or is
not true
a person who produces fraudulent copies or imitations
the action of forging a copy or imitation of a document,
signature, banknote, or work of art
a person who hijacks
a violent person who fights or causes damage in public
places
disruptive or unlawful behavior such as rioting, bullying,
and vandalism
not guilty of a crime or offence
a public officer appointed to decide cases in a law court
a group of people who have been chosen to listen to all
the facts in a trial in a law court and to decide if a person
is guilty or not guilty, or if a claim has been proved
obedient to the laws of society

87 | P a g e

436 Lawyer
437 Lenient
438 Misdeed
439 Murder
440 Murderer
441 Offender
442 Parole

443 Piracy
444 Pirate
445 Proof
446 Punishment
447 Rape

448 Rapist
449 Retribution
450 Revenge
451
452
453
454

Robber
Robbery
Shoplifter
Shoplifting

455 Smuggler
456 Solicitor

457 Spy
458 Statement
459 Terrorism
460 Terrorist

someone whose job is to give advice to people about the


law and speak for them in court
not as severe or strong in punishment or judgment as
would be expected
an act that is criminal or bad
the crime of intentionally killing a person
someone who illegally and intentionally kills another
person
a person who commits an illegal act
permission for a prisoner to be released before their
period in prison is finished, with the agreement that they
will behave well
the practice of attacking and robbing ships at sea
a person who attacks and robs ships at sea
evidence or argument establishing a fact or the truth of a
statement
the infliction or imposition of a penalty as retribution for
an offence
the crime, typically committed by a man, of forcing
another person to have sexual intercourse with the
offender against their will
a man who commits rape
punishment inflicted on someone as vengeance for a
wrong or criminal act
the action of hurting or harming someone in return for an
injury or wrong suffered at their hands
a person who commits robbery
the crime of stealing from somewhere or someone
a person who commits shoplifting
the illegal act of taking goods from a shop without paying
for them
someone who takes things or people to or from a place
secretly and often illegally
a type of lawyer in Britain and Australia who is trained to
prepare cases and give advice on legal subjects and can
represent people in lower courts
a person who secretly collects and reports information
about the activities of another country or organization
a formal account of events given by a witness, defendant,
or other party to the police or in a court of law
the unofficial or unauthorized use of violence and
intimidation in the pursuit of political aims
a person using terrorism in the pursuit of political aims
88 | P a g e

461 To Accuse
462 To Acquit
463 To Admit
464 To Arrest
465 To Charge
466 To Convict
467 To Deny
468 To Hijack
469 To Prosecute

470 To Punish

471 To Rearrest
472 To Reform
473 To
Rehabilitate
474 To Release
475 To Sentence
476 Vandal
477 Vandalism
478 Victim
479 Witness
480 Wrongdoer

to charge someone with an offence or crime


to decide officially in a law court that someone is not
guilty of a particular crime
to confess to a crime or fault, or ones responsibility for it
to seize (someone) by legal authority and take them into
custody
to formally accuse (someone) of something, especially an
offence under law
to decide officially in a law court that someone is guilty
of a crime
to say that something is not true
to take over something and use it for a different purpose
to officially accuse someone of committing a crime in a
law court, or (of a lawyer) to try to prove that a person
accused of committing a crime is guilty of that crime
to cause someone who has done something wrong or
committed a crime to suffer, by hurting them, forcing
them to pay money, sending them to prison, etc
to arrest (someone) again
to cause (someone) to relinquish an immoral, criminal, or
self-destructive lifestyle
to return someone or something to a good or healthy
condition, state, or way of living
to give freedom or free movement to someone or
something
to declare the punishment decided for an offender
a person who intentionally damages property belonging
to other people
the crime of intentionally damaging property belonging
to other people
a person harmed, injured, or killed as a result of a crime,
accident, or other event or action
a person who sees an event, typically a crime or accident,
take place
a person who behaves illegally or dishonestly; an
offender

89 | P a g e

Exercise
Crime & Law (Part 1)

Across
1. the crime of illegally entering a building and stealing things
6. a person who produces fraudulent copies or imitations
7. an action that is performed intentionally or consciously
9. one or more reasons for believing that something is or is not true
10. a place where trials and other legal cases happen, or the people present in such
a place, especially the officials and those deciding if someone is guilty
11. the fact of officially being found to be guilty of a particular crime, or the act of
officially finding someone guilty

90 | P a g e

Down
1. a person called to the bar and entitled to practise as an advocate, particularly
in the higher courts
2. a lawyer, appointed to act for another in business or legal matters
3. a person who illegally enters buildings and steals things
4. the practice of spying or of using spies, typically by governments to obtain
political and military information
5. an individual, company, or institution sued or accused in a court of law
8. a thing that discourages someone from doing something

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Crime & Law (Part 2)

Across
1. a violent person who fights or causes damage in public places
5. disruptive or unlawful behavior such as rioting, bullying, and vandalism
6. not as severe or strong in punishment or judgment as would be expected
7. the action of forging a copy or imitation of a document, signature, banknote,
or work of art
8. a group of people who have been chosen to listen to all the facts in a trial in a
law court and to decide if a person is guilty or not guilty, or if a claim has
been proved
9. the crime of intentionally killing a person
10. someone who illegally and intentionally kills another person

92 | P a g e

Down
2. not guilty of a crime or offence
3. a person who hijacks
4. an act that is criminal or bad
6. someone who give advice to people about the law and speak for them in court
8. a public officer appointed to decide cases in a law court

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Crime & Law (Part 3)

Across
2. evidence or argument establishing a fact or the truth of a statement
6. a man who commits rape
8. the action of hurting or harming someone in return for an injury or wrong
suffered at their hands
9. permission for a prisoner to be released before their period in prison is
finished, with the agreement that they will behave well
10. a person who secretly collects and reports information about the activities of
another country or organization
11. the crime, typically committed by a man, of forcing another person to have
sexual intercourse with the offender against their will
12. punishment inflicted on someone as vengeance for a wrong or criminal act

94 | P a g e

Down
1. the crime of stealing from somewhere or someone
2. a person who attacks and robs ships at sea
3. a person who commits robbery
4. a person who commits an illegal act
5. the practice of attacking and robbing ships at sea
7. the infliction or imposition of a penalty as retribution for an offence

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Crime & Law (Part 4)

Across
3. the crime of intentionally damaging property belonging to other people
7. a person who sees an event, typically a crime or accident, take place
9. a person who uses terrorism in the pursuit of political aims
10. the unofficial or unauthorized use of violence and intimidation in the pursuit
of political aims
11. a formal account of events given by a witness, defendant, or other party to the
police or in a court of law
Down
1. the illegal act of taking goods from a shop without paying for them
2. a person who behaves illegally or dishonestly; an offender
3. a person who intentionally damages property belonging to other people
4. a person who commits shoplifting
5. someone taking things or people to or from a place secretly and often illegally
6. a type of lawyer in Britain and Australia who is trained to prepare cases and
give advice on legal subjects and can represent people in lower courts
8. a person hamed or killed as a result of a crime, accident, or other event

96 | P a g e

Chapter 18
Family

No. Word/Phrase
481 Adolescence
482 Birth Rate
483 Broken Home
484 Childcare

485 Dependant
486 Divorced
487 Juvenile
Delinquency
488 Kin
489 Lenient
490 Minor
491
492
493
494

Relationship
Relative
Sibling
Single-Parent

495 Split Up
496 Supervision
497 To Abuse
498 To Nurture

499 To Rear Up
500 Upbringing
501 Well-Adjusted

Explanation
the period of time in a person's life when they are
developing into an adult
the number of births that happen during a period of time
in a particular place
a family in which the parents are divorced or separated
care for children provided by either the government, an
organization, or a person, while parents are at work or are
absent for another reason
a person who relies on another, especially a family
member, for financial support
married in the past but not now married
a young person who commits crimes
family and relations
not as severe or strong in punishment or judgment as
would be expected
having little importance, influence, or effect, especially
when compared with other things of the same type
the way in which two things are connected
a person connected by blood or marriage
a brother or sister
someone who has a child or children but no husband,
wife, or partner who lives with them
an occasion when two people end their relationship
the act of watching a person or activity and making
certain that everything is done correctly, safely, etc.
to use something for the wrong purpose in a way that is
harmful or morally wrong
to take care of, feed, and protect someone or something,
especially young children or plants, and help them to
develop
to bring up and care for (a child) until they are fully
grown
the treatment and instruction received by a child from its
parents throughout its childhood
mentally and emotionally stable

97 | P a g e

Exercise
Family (Part 1)
Instruction:
Match the words in column A with the explanations in column B.
A
1. Adolescence
2. Birth Rate
3. Broken Home

4. Childcare
5. Dependant
6. Divorced
7. Juvenile
Delinquency
8. Kin

9. Lenient
10. Minor

B
A. a young person who commits crimes
B. a person who relies on another, especially a family
member, for financial support
C. having little importance, influence, or effect,
especially when compared with other things of the
same type
D. married in the past but not now married
E. not as severe or strong in punishment or judgment as
would be expected
F. family and relations
G. a family in which the parents are divorced or separated
H. care for children provided by either the government,
an organization, or a person, while parents are at work
or are absent for another reason
I. the period of time in a person's life when they are
developing into an adult
J. the number of births that happen during a period of
time in a particular place

98 | P a g e

Family (Part 2)
Instruction:
Match the words in column A with the explanations in column B.
A
1. Relationship

2. Relative

3. Sibling
4. Single-Parent
5. Split Up
6. Supervision

B
A. the act of watching a person or activity and
making certain that everything is done correctly,
safely, etc.
B. to take care of, feed, and protect someone or
something, especially young children or plants,
and help them to develop
C. the treatment and instruction received by a child
from its parents throughout its childhood
D. to use something for the wrong purpose in a way
that is harmful or morally wrong
E. a person connected by blood or marriage
F. mentally and emotionally stable

7. To Abuse
8. To Nurture
9. To Rear Up

G. a brother or sister
H. an occasion when two people end their
relationship
I. someone who has a child or children but no
husband, wife, or partner who lives with them

10. Upbringing
11. Well-Adjusted

J. the way in which two things are connected


K. to bring up and care for (a child) until they are
fully grown

99 | P a g e

Chapter 19
Food & Diet

No.
Word/Phrase
502 Anorexia

503 Anorexic
504 Bulimia

505 Calorie
506 Carbohydrate

507 Cholesterol
508 Consumption
509 Eating Disorder
510 Fast Food

511 Fat

512 Fibre

513 Food

514 Food Poisoning


515 GM
516 Malnourished
517 Malnutrition

Explanation
a serious illness often resulting in dangerous weight
loss, in which a person does not eat, or eats too little,
for psychological reasons
suffering from or relating to anorexia
a mental illness in which someone eats in an
uncontrolled way and in large amounts, then vomits
intentionally
a unit of energy, often used as a measurement of the
amount of energy that food provides
one of several substances, such as sugar or starch,
that provide the body with energy, or foods
containing these substances such as bread, potatoes,
pasta, and rice
a substance containing a lot of fat that is found in the
body tissue and blood of all animals
the act of using, eating, or drinking something
a mental illness in which people eat far too little or
far too much food and are unhappy with their bodies
hot food such as burgers that is quick to cook or is
already cooked and is therefore served very quickly
in a restaurant
a natural oily substance occurring in animal bodies,
especially when deposited as a layer under the skin or
around certain organs
dietary material containing substances such as
cellulose, lignin, and pectin, that are resistant to the
action of digestive enzymes
any nutritious substance that people or animals eat or
drink or that plants absorb in order to maintain life
and growth
illness caused by bacteria or other toxins in food,
typically with vomiting and diarrhoea
written abbreviation for GRAM (a unit of mass equal
to 0.001 kilograms)
suffering from malnutrition
lack of proper nutrition, caused by not having enough
to eat, not eating enough of the right things, or being
unable to use the food that one does eat

100 | P a g e

518 Mineral
519 Monounsaturated
Fat
520 Nutrition
521 Nutritional
522 Nutritionist
523 Nutritious
524 Obese
525 Overweight
526 Polyunsaturated
Fat
527 Protein

528 Roughage
529 Salmonella
530 Saturated Fat
531 Scarcity
532 To Consume
533 Underweight
534 Unsaturated Fat

535 Vegan
536 Vegetarian

537 Vitamin

a chemical that your body needs to stay healthy


a fat or oil such as olive oil that is thought to be
healthier than saturated fat because its chemical
structure contains one double bond
the substances that you take into your body as food
and the way that they influence your health
relating to nutrition
a person who studies or is an expert in nutrition
containing many of the substances needed for life and
growth
extremely fat
above a weight considered normal or desirable
a fat or oil with a chemical structure that does not
easily change into cholesterol because it contains
several double bonds
one of the many substances found in food such as
meat, cheese, fish, or eggs, that is necessary for the
body to grow and be strong
fibre
a bacterium that occurs mainly in the gut, especially a
serotype causing food poisoning
a type of fat found in meat, eggs, milk, cheese, etc.
that is thought to be bad for health
a situation in which something is not easy to find or
get
to eat, drink, or ingest (food or drink)
below a weight considered normal or desirable
a fat or oil that is either monounsaturated or
polyunsaturated, found in plants, vegetable oil, and
fish, and thought to be better for health than saturated
fat
a person who does not eat or use animal products
a person who does not eat meat or fish, and
sometimes other animal products, especially for
moral, religious, or health reasons
any of a group of natural substances that are
necessary in small amounts for the growth and good
health of the body

101 | P a g e

Exercise
Food & Diet (Part 1)
1. Any of a group of natural substances that are necessary in small amounts for
the growth and good health of the body is called
a. Fibre
b. protein
c. vitamin
d. Carbohydrate
2. A person who does not eat meat or fish, and sometimes other animal products,
especially for moral, religious, or health reasons is called
a. Vegan
b. Dietician
c. Nutritionist
d. Vegetarian
3. A person who does not eat or use animal products is called
a. Vegan
b. Dietician
c. Vegetarian
d. Nutritionist
4. A fat or oil found in plants, vegetable oil, and fish is called
a. Saturated Fat
b. Unsaturated Fat
c. Polyunsaturated Fat
d. Monounsaturated Fat
5. Below a weight considered normal or desirable is called
a. Fat
b. Obese
c. Overweight
d. Underweight
6. A type of fat found in meat, eggs, milk, cheese, etc. that is thought to be bad
for health is called
a. Saturated Fat
b. Unsaturated Fat
c. Polyunsaturated Fat

102 | P a g e

d. Monounsaturated Fat
7. A bacterium that occurs mainly in the gut, especially a serotype causing food
poisoning is called
a. Fibre
b. Roughage
c. Salmonella
d. Cholesterol
8. One of the many substances found in food such as meat, cheese, fish, or eggs,
that is necessary for the body to grow and be strong is called
a. Fibre
b. protein
c. vitamin
d. mineral
9. A fat or oil with a chemical structure that does not easily change into
cholesterol because it contains several double bonds is called
a. Saturated Fat
b. Unsaturated Fat
c. Polyunsaturated Fat
d. Monounsaturated Fat
10. Above a weight considered normal or desirable is called
a. Fat
b. Obese
c. Overweight
d. Underweight
11. Extremely fat is called
a. Fat
b. Obese
c. Overweight
d. Underweight
12. Containing many of the substances needed for life and growth is called
a. Nutrition
b. Nutritious
c. Nutritional
d. Nutritionist

103 | P a g e

13. A person who studies or is an expert in nutrition is called


a. Dietician
b. Nutritious
c. Nutritional
d. Nutritionist
14. The substances that you take into your body as food and the way that they
influence your health is called
a. Calorie
b. Nutrition
c. Cholesterol
d. Carbohydrate
15. A fat or oil such as olive oil is called
a. Saturated Fat
b. Unsaturated Fat
c. Polyunsaturated Fat
d. Monounsaturated Fat
16. A chemical that your body needs to stay healthy is called
a. Fibre
b. Calorie
c. Mineral
d. Vitamin
17. Lack of proper nutrition, caused by not having enough to eat, not eating
enough of the right things, or being unable to use the food that one does eat is
called
a. Anorexia
b. Malnutrition
c. Food Poisoning
d. Eating Disorder
18. Illness caused by bacteria or other toxins in food, typically with vomiting and
diarrhea is called
a. Anorexia
b. Malnutrition
c. Food Poisoning
d. Eating Disorder

104 | P a g e

19. Any nutritious substance that people or animals eat or drink or that plants
absorb in order to maintain life and growth is called
a. Food
b. Mineral
c. Vitamin
d. Nutrition
20. Dietary material containing substances such as cellulose, lignin, and pectin,
that are resistant to the action of digestive enzymes is called
a. Fibre
b. protein
c. vitamin
d. mineral
21. A natural oily substance occurring in animal bodies, especially when
deposited as a layer under the skin or around certain organs is called
a. Fat
b. Fibre
c. protein
d. vitamin
22. Fibre is also called
a. Fat
b. Calorie
c. Mineral
d. Roughage

23. A mental illness in which people eat far too little or far too much food and are
unhappy with their bodies is called
a. Bulimia
b. Malnutrition
c. Food Poisoning
d. Eating Disorder
24. The act of using, eating, or drinking something is called
a. Scarcity
b. Nutritional
c. Consumption

105 | P a g e

d. Malnourished
25. A substance containing a lot of fat that is found in the body tissue and blood of
all animals is called
a. Calorie
b. Protein
c. Cholesterol
d. Carbohydrate
26. One of several substances, such as sugar or starch, that provide the body with
energy, or foods containing these substances such as bread, potatoes, pasta,
and rice is called
a. Calorie
b. Protein
c. Cholesterol
d. Carbohydrate
27. A unit of energy, often used as a measurement of the amount of energy that
food provides is called
a. Calorie
b. Protein
c. Cholesterol
d. Carbohydrate
28. A mental illness in which someone eats in an uncontrolled way and in large
amounts, then vomits intentionally is called
a. Bulimia
b. Malnutrition
c. Food Poisoning
d. Eating Disorder
29. A serious illness often resulting in dangerous weight loss, in which a person
does not eat, or eats too little, for psychological reasons is called
a. Bulimia
b. Anorexia
c. Malnutrition
d. Eating Disorder

106 | P a g e

30. Suffering from or relating to anorexia is called


a. Bulimia
b. Anorexic
c. Malnutrition
d. Food Poisoning

107 | P a g e

Chapter 20
On The Road

No. Word/Phrase
Explanation
a place on a road that is considered to be dangerous
538 Black Spot
because several accidents have happened there
a post that is put in the middle or at the end of a road to
539 Bollard
keep vehicles off or out of a particular area
a device for slowing or stopping a moving vehicle,
540 Brake
typically by applying pressure to the wheels
541 Carriageway one of the two halves of a main road
the strip of land between the carriageways of a motorway
542 Central
or other major road
Reservation
describes roads and towns where there is too much traffic
543 Congestion
and movement is made difficult
a place where two roads meet and cross each other
544 Crossroads
a type of heavy oil used as fuel
545 Diesel
the crime of driving a vehicle with an excess of alcohol in
546 Drinkthe blood
Driving
a death caused by an accident or by violence, or someone
547 Fatality
who has died in either of these ways
a sum of money required to be paid as a penalty for an
548 Fine
offense
a hardened strip alongside a motorway for stopping on in
549 Hard
an emergency
Shoulder
a public road, especially an important road that joins cities
550 Highway
or towns together
the official set of rules and guidance for road users
551 Highway
Code
physical harm or damage to someone's body caused by an
552 Injury
accident or an attack
a place where things, especially roads or railways, come
553 Junction
together
the edge of a raised path nearest the road
554 Kerb
a large vehicle used for transporting goods
555 Lorry
a dual-carriageway road designed for fast traffic, with
556 Motorway
relatively few places for joining or leaving
a path with a hard surface on one or both sides of a road,
557 Pavement
that people walk on
a person who is walking, especially in an area where
558 Pedestrian
vehicles go

108 | P a g e

559 Pedestrian
Crossing
560 Pelican
Crossing
561 Slip Road
562 Speeding
563 To
Accelerate
564 To Cut In
565 To Dominate
566 To Overtake
567 To Skid
568
569
570
571

To Subsidise
To Swerve
Traffic
Traffic Cone

572 Van
573 Zebra
Crossing

a special place in a road where traffic must stop to allow


people to walk across
a pedestrian crossing with traffic lights operated by
pedestrians
a short road on which vehicles join or leave a main road
driving faster than is allowed in a particular area
to begin to move more quickly
to pull in too closely in front of another vehicle after
having overtaken it
to have control over a place or person
to come from behind another vehicle or a person and move
in front of them
to slide on slippery ground or as a result of stopping or
turning too quickly
to pay part of the cost of something
to change or cause to change direction abruptly
vehicles moving on a public highway
a plastic cone-shaped object that is used to separate off or
close sections of a road
a covered motor vehicle, typically without side windows,
used for transporting goods or people
an area of road painted with broad white stripes, where
vehicles must stop if pedestrians wish to cross

109 | P a g e

Exercise
On the Road (Part 1)
Word/Phrase
c-B-l-k-a t-o-p-S =
..............................
d-o-l-B-l-a-r =
..............................
k-e-B-a-r =
..............................
r-a-g-i-C-r-e-y-a-a-w =
..............................
l-a-n-t-e-r-C
v-i-t-e-s-e-n-a-R-o-r =
..............................
s-o-g-e-t-n-o-n-i-C =
..............................
s-C-a-r-s-o-r-d-o-s =
..............................
e-l-i-s-e-D =
..............................
r-D-k-n-i g-r-i-v-i-n-D =
..............................
t-y-a-F-l-i-t-a =
..............................
n-i-F-e =
..............................
d-H-r-a d-o-S-r-u-l-e-h =
..............................
y-h-a-w-H-g-i =
..............................
w-H-a-y-i-h-g d-o-e-C =
..............................
j-I-r-u-y-n =
..............................
u-c-t-i-n-J-o-n =
..............................
r-L-y-o-r =
..............................

Explanation
a place on a road that is considered to be dangerous
because several accidents have happened there
a post that is put in the middle or at the end of a road
to keep vehicles off or out of a particular area
a device for slowing or stopping a moving vehicle,
typically by applying pressure to the wheels
one of the two halves of a main road
the strip of land between the carriageways of a
motorway or other major road
describes roads and towns where there is too much
traffic and movement is made difficult
a place where two roads meet and cross each other
a type of heavy oil used as fuel
the crime of driving a vehicle with an excess of
alcohol in the blood
a death caused by an accident or by violence, or
someone who has died in either of these ways
a sum of money required to be paid as a penalty for
an offense
a hardened strip alongside a motorway for stopping
on in an emergency
a public road, especially an important road that joins
cities or towns together
the official set of rules and guidance for road users
physical harm or damage to someone's body caused
by an accident or an attack
a place where things, especially roads or railways,
come together
a large vehicle used for transporting goods

110 | P a g e

On the Road (Part 2)


Word/Phrase
y-o-M-w-a-t-o-r =
..............................
m-a-t-e-v-P-e-n =
..............................
d-a-n-t-e-r-s-e-P-i =
..............................
s-e-P-e-n-t-a-d-i-r
s-C-o-r-s-i-n-g =
..............................
n-i-P-l-a-c-e n-C-g-o-r-si-s =
..............................
p-l-i-S d-o-R-a =
..............................
d-e-e-p-S-i-n-g =
..............................
o-T c-A-t-l-e-e-r-a-c-e =
..............................
o-T t-u-C n-I =
..............................
o-T i-D-a-o-n-t-e-m =
..............................
o-T t-O-v-a-k-e-e-r =
..............................
o-T k-i-d-S =
..............................
o-T u-d-i-S-s-i-s-e-b =
..............................
o-T r-e-v-S-e-w =
..............................
f-r-a-c-f-i-T =
..............................
c-a-r-T-f-i-f neCo =
..............................
a-n-V =
..............................

Explanation
a dual-carriageway road designed for fast traffic,
with relatively few places for joining or leaving
a path with a hard surface on one or both sides of a
road, that people walk on
a person who is walking, especially in an area where
vehicles go
a special place in a road where traffic must stop to
allow people to walk across
a pedestrian crossing with traffic lights operated by
pedestrians
a short road on which vehicles join or leave a main
road
driving faster than is allowed in a particular area
to begin to move more quickly
to pull in too closely in front of another vehicle after
having overtaken it
to have control over a place or person
to come from behind another vehicle or a person
and move in front of them
to slide on slippery ground or as a result of stopping
or turning too quickly
to pay part of the cost of something
to change or cause to change direction abruptly
vehicles moving on a public highway
a plastic cone-shaped object that is used to separate
off or close sections of a road
a covered motor vehicle, typically without side
windows, used for transporting goods or people

111 | P a g e

Chapter 21
Architecture
No.

Word/Phrase

574 Architect
575 Art Deco
576 Attic
577 Basement
578 Bungalow
579 Castle
580 Cellar
581 Concrete
582 Cottage
583 Derelict
Detached
House
585 Elegant
Energy586
Efficient
587 Eyesore
584

Explanation
a person whose job is to design new buildings and
make certain that they are built correctly
a style of decoration that was especially popular in the
1930s and uses simple shapes and lines and strong
colours
the space or room at the top of a building, under the
roof, often used for storing things
a part of a building consisting of rooms that are partly
or completely below the level of the ground
a house that has only one storey (= level)
a large strong building, built in the past by a ruler or
important person to protect the people inside from
attack
a room under the ground floor of a building, usually
used for storing things
a very hard building material made by mixing together
cement, sand, small stones, and water
a small house, usually in the countryside
describes buildings or places that are not cared for and
are in bad condition
a house that is not connected to any other building
graceful and stylish in appearance or manner

using little electricity, gas, etc.


a thing that is very ugly, especially a building
the front of a building, especially a large or attractive
588 Faade
building
the level of a building that is at the same level as the
589 First Floor (US)
street
the structures below the surface of the ground that
590 Foundations
support a building
a hard, transparent material, used to make windows,
591 Glass
bottles, and other objects
the level of a building that is at the same level as the
592 Ground Floor
street
593 High-Tech
very modern looking or made with modern materials
594 Low-Cost
relatively inexpensive; cheap

112 | P a g e

595 Maisonette
596 Manor House
597 Mansion
598 Palace
599 Porch
600 Prefabricated
601 Preservation
602 Renovation
603 Roof
604

Semi-Detached
house

605

Shopping
Centre

Shopping Mall
(US)
607 Skyscraper
608 Slum
609 Staircase
606

610 Steel

a set of rooms for living in, typically on two storeys of


a larger building and having a separate entrance
a large country house with lands
a large, impressive house
a large house that is the official home of a king, queen,
or other person of high social rank
a covered structure in front of the entrance to a building
describes buildings or objects built from parts that have
been made in a factory and can be put together quickly
the act of keeping something the same or of preventing
it from being damaged
the act of repairing and improving something,
especially a building
the covering that forms the top of a building, vehicle,
etc.
a house that is joined to another similar house on only
one side
a group of shops with a common area for cars to park,
which usually provides goods and services for local
people
a large usually covered shopping area where cars are
not allowed
a very tall modern building, usually in a city
a house or building unfit for human habitation
a set of stairs and its surrounding walls or structure
a strong metal that is a mixture of iron and carbon, used
for making things that need a strong structure,
especially vehicles and buildings

the hard, solid substance found in the ground that is


often used for building, or a piece of this
612 Terraced House a house that is joined to the houses on either side of it
by shared walls
a long piece of wood used for building, especially
613 Timber
houses and ships
to build something or put together different parts to
614 To Construct
form something whole
designed so as to look attractive or to serve its purpose
615 Well-Designed
well
611 Stone

113 | P a g e

Exercise
Architecture (Part 1)

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Architect
Art Deco
Attic
Basement
Bungalow

6. Castle
7. Cellar
8. Concrete
9. Cottage
10. Derelict

114 | P a g e

Architecture (Part 2)

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Detached House
Elegant
Energy-Efficient
Eyesore
First Floor

6. Foundations
7. Glass
8. Ground Floor
9. High-Tech
10. Low-Cost

115 | P a g e

Architecture (Part 3)

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Maisonette
Manor House
Mansion
Palace
Porch

6. Prefabricated
7. Preservation
8. Renovation
9. Roof
10. Shopping Centre

116 | P a g e

Architecture (Part 4)

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Shopping Mall
Skyscraper
Slum
Staircase
Steel

6. Stone
7. Terraced House
8. Timber
9. To Construct
10. Well-Designed

117 | P a g e

Chapter 22
Politics

No. Word/Phrase
Explanation
616 Ambassador an important official who works in a foreign country
representing his or her own country there, and who is
officially accepted in this position by that country
617 Authoritarian demanding that people obey completely and refusing to
allow them freedom to act as they wish
618 Bureaucracy a system for controlling or managing a country, company,
or organization that is operated by a large number of
officials employed to follow rules carefully
someone working in a bureaucracy
619 Bureaucrat
an election that happens at a different time from a main
620 By-Election
election, to choose a Member of Parliament to replace one
who has died or left his or her job
a person who is nominated for election
621 Candidate
622 Constituency a group of voters in a specified area who elect a
representative to a legislative body
the belief in freedom and equality between people, or a
623 Democracy
system of government based on this belief, in which
power is either held by elected representatives or directly
by the people themselves
624 Dictatorship a country ruled by a dictator
a time when people vote in order to choose someone for a
625 Election
political or official job
the group of people who represent their country in a
626 Embassy
foreign country
an election in which the people living in a country vote to
627 General
choose the government
Election
a legislative or deliberative assembly
628 House
a set of beliefs or principles, especially one on which a
629 Ideology
political system, party, or organization is based
630 Independenc freedom from being governed or ruled by another country
e
a person who is elected or chosen to be the leader of the
631 Mayor
group who governs a town or city
a person who has been elected to the parliament of a
632 Member of
country
Parliament
(MP)
a country that has a king or queen
633 Monarchy
strong disagreement
634 Opposition
118 | P a g e

635 Parliament
636 Party

637 Policy

638 Referendum

639 Representati
ve
640 Republic
641 Revolution
642 Sanctions

643 Scandal
644 Technocrats

645 The House of


Lords
646 To Elect
647 To Vote

648 Totalitarian

649 VicePresident

the group of elected politicians or other people who make


the laws for their country
a formally constituted political group that contests
elections and attempts to form or take part in a
government
a set of ideas or a plan of what to do in particular
situations that has been agreed officially by a group of
people, a business organization, a government, or a
political party
a vote in which all the people in a country or an area are
asked to give their opinion about or decide an important
political or social question
someone who speaks or does something officially for
another person or group of people
a country without a king or queen, usually governed by
elected representatives of the people and a president
a change in the way a country is governed, usually to a
different political system and often using violence or war
measures taken by a state to coerce another to conform to
an international agreement or norms of conduct, typically
in the form of restrictions on trade or official sporting
participation
an action or event that causes a public feeling of shock and
strong moral disapproval
a person with a lot of scientific or technical knowledge
who has an important position in a government or in an
industry
one of the two parts of the UK parliament, whose
members are not elected but have a high social position, or
its members, or the place where it meets
to choose (someone) to hold public office or some other
position by voting
to express your choice or opinion, especially by officially
writing a mark on a paper or by raising your hand or
speaking in a meeting
of or being a political system in which those in power
have complete control and do not allow people freedom to
oppose them
the person who has the position immediately below the
president in some countries, and who is responsible for the
president's duties if he or she is unable to do them

119 | P a g e

Exercise
Politics (Part 1)

Across
1. a person who is nominated for election
7. voters in a specified area electing a representative to a legislative body
8. the belief in freedom and equality between people, or a system of government
based on this belief, in which power is either held by elected representatives or
directly by the people themselves
9. someone working in a bureaucracy
10. demanding that people obey completely and refusing to allow them freedom
to act as they wish

120 | P a g e

Down
2. an important official who works in a foreign country representing his or her
own country there, and who is officially accepted in this position by that
country
3. a country ruled by a dictator
4. a time when people vote to choose someone for a political or official job
5. the group of people who represent their country in a foreign country
6. a system for controlling or managing a country, company, or organization that
is operated by a large number of officials employed to follow rules carefully

121 | P a g e

Politics (Part 2)

Across
3. a legislative or deliberative assembly
4. freedom from being governed or ruled by another country
7. strong disagreement
9. a person who is elected or chosen to be the leader of the group who governs a
town or city
10. a formally constituted political group that contests elections and attempts to
form or take part in a government

122 | P a g e

Down
1. a vote in which all the people in a country or an area are asked to give their
opinion about or decide an important political or social question
2. a set of beliefs or principles, especially one on which a political system, party,
or organization is based
5. a set of ideas or a plan of what to do in particular situations that has been
agreed officially by a group of people, a business organization, a government,
or a political party
6. a country that has a king or queen
8. the group of elected politicians or other people who make the laws for their
country

123 | P a g e

Politics (Part 3)

Across
3. a change in the way a country is governed, usually to a different political
system and often using violence or war
5. measures taken by a state to coerce another to conform to an international
agreement or norms of conduct, typically in the form of restrictions on trade or
official sporting participation
6. a country without a king or queen, usually governed by elected representatives
of the people and a president

124 | P a g e

Down
1. action or event that causes a public feeling of shock and strong moral
disapproval
2. of or being a political system in which those in power have complete control
and do not allow people freedom to oppose them
3. someone who speaks or does something officially for another person or group
of people
4. a person with a lot of scientific or technical knowledge who has an important
position in a government or in an industry

125 | P a g e

Chapter 23
Work

No.
650
651
652
653
654
655
656
657
658
659
660
661
662
663
664
665
666
667
668
669

670
671

Word/Phrase
Explanation
describes people who do work needing strength or
Blue-Collar
physical skill rather than office work
a person who is competing to get a job or elected position
Candidate
needing a lot of time, attention, or energy
Demanding
someone who is paid to work for someone else
Employee
a person or organization that employs people
Employer
an act of removing someone from their job
Firing
used to describe investments such as bonds that pay the
Fixedsame amount of money every month, year, etc.
Income
an act of starting to employ someone
Hiring
something, especially money, that encourages a person or
Incentive
organization to do something
a regular increase in the amount that someone is paid
Increment
the people and activities involved in one type of business
Industry
that produces goods or offers services
a person who answers questions in an interview to see
Interviewee
whether they are suitable for a job or course
the person who asks the questions in an interview to find
Interviewer
out if someone is suitable for a job or course
Job Security the fact of your job being permanent, so that you will
probably not lose it
a period of time that someone is allowed away from work
Leave
for holiday, illness, or another special reason
a person whose job involves physical work
Manual
Worker
Manufacturi an industry that produces goods rather than services, or
these industries considered as a group
ng Industry
time spent working after the usual time needed or
Overtime
expected in a job
an increase in the amount of money you earn for doing
Pay Rise
your job
a regular income paid by a government or a financial
Pension
organization to someone who no longer works, usually
because of their age or health
an advantage or extra thing, such as money or goods,
Perk
which you are given for doing your job
the process or fact of giving someone a higher or more
Promotion
126 | P a g e

672

Recruitment

673

Salary

674

678

SelfEmployed
Semi-Skilled
Service
Industry
Sickness
Benefit
Steady Job

679
680

Unskilled
Wage

681

White-Collar

675
676
677

important job
the process of employing new people to work for a
company or organization
the total amount of money that an employee is paid every
year to do their job, or one of the payments they receive
each month as part of this
working for oneself as a freelance or the owner of a
business rather than for an employer
having or needing only a small amount of training
all the businesses that provide services, or a particular
group of these businesses
time away from work for illness or extra money to help
with illness that a company offers to workers
work that is likely to continue for a long time and for
which you will be paid regularly
not having or requiring special skill or training
a fixed regular payment earned for work or services,
typically paid on a daily or weekly basis
relating to people who work in offices, doing work that
needs mental rather than physical effort

127 | P a g e

Exercise
Work (Part 1)
Instruction:
Match the words in column A with the explanations in column B.
A

1. Blue-Collar

6. Firing
7. Fixed-Income

A. an act of removing someone from their job


B. a person who answers questions in an interview
to see whether they are suitable for a job or
course
C. a regular increase in the amount that someone is
paid
D. something, especially money, that encourages a
person or organization to do something
E. used to describe investments such as bonds that
pay the same amount of money every month,
year, etc.
F. a person whose job involves physical work
G. someone who is paid to work for someone else

8. Hiring
9. Incentive

H. needing a lot of time, attention, or energy


I. a person or organization that employs people

10. Increment

J. the person who asks the questions in an


interview to find out if someone is suitable for a
job or course
K. describes people who do work needing strength
or physical skill rather than office work
L. the fact of your job being permanent, so that you
will probably not lose it
M. an act of starting to employ someone

2. Candidate

3. Demanding
4. Employee
5. Employer

11. Industry
12. Interviewee
13. Interviewer
14. Job Security

15. Leave
16. Manual Worker

N. a period of time that someone is allowed away


from work for holiday, illness, or another special
reason
O. a person who is competing to get a job or elected
position
P. the people and activities involved in one type of
business that produces goods or offers services

128 | P a g e

Work (Part 2)
Word/Phrase
1. Manufacturing
Industry
2. Overtime
3. Pay Rise
4. Pension

5. Perk
6. Promotion

7. Recruitment
8. Salary

9. Self-Employed
10. Semi-Skilled
11. Service Industry

12. Sickness Benefit

13. Steady Job

14. Unskilled
15. Wage
16. White-Collar

Explanation
A. an advantage or extra thing, such as money or
goods, which you are given for doing your job
B. the process of employing new people to work for
a company or organization
C. having/needing only a small amount of training
D. the total amount of money that an employee is
paid every year to do their job, or one of the
payments they receive each month as part of this
E. working for oneself as a freelance or the owner
of a business rather than for an employer
F. time away from work for illness or extra money
to help with illness that a company offers to
workers
G. an increase in the amount of money you earn for
doing your job
H. relating to people who work in offices, doing
work that needs mental rather than physical
effort
I. work that is likely to continue for a long time and
for which you will be paid regularly
J. time spent working after the usual time needed or
expected in a job
K. a regular income paid by a government or a
financial organization to someone who no longer
works, usually because of their age or health
L. a fixed regular payment earned for work or
services, typically paid on a daily or weekly
basis
M. an industry that produces goods rather than
services, or these industries considered as a
group
N. the process or fact of giving someone a higher or
more important job
O. not having or requiring special skill or training
P. all the businesses that provide services, or a
particular group of these businesses

129 | P a g e

LAMPIRAN 1
DAFTAR IRREGULAR VERBS

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

Infinitive
abide
arise
awake
be
bear
beat
become
befall
beget
begin
behold
bend
beseech
bet/R
bid
bite
bleed
blend
blow
break
breed
bring
build
burn
burst
buy
cast
catch
chide
choose
cleave
cling
come
cost
creep
crow
cut
deal

Past
abode
arose
awoke
was, were
bore
beat
became
befell
begot
began
beheld
bent
besought
bet
bid
bit
bled
blent
blew
broke
bred
brought
built
burnt / burned
burst
bought
cast
caught
chid
chose
cleft
clung
came
cost
crept
crowed / crew
cut
dealt

Past Participle
abode
arisen
awoke
been
born
beaten
become
befallen
begotten
begun
beheld
bent
besought
bet
bid
bitten
bled
blended
blown
broken
bred
brought
built
burnt
burst
bought
cast
caught
chidden
chosen
cleft
clung
come
cost
crept
crowed / crew
cut
dealt

Meaning
tinggal,mematuhi
bangkit, timbul
bangun,sadar
ada, adalah
lahir
pukul
menjadi
menimpa
memperanakkan
mulai
melihat lihat
membengkokkan
memohon
bertaruh
menawar
menggigit
berdarah
mencampur
meniup
merusak, pecah
menternakan
membawa
membangun
membakar
meledak
membeli
melempar
menangkap
memarahi
memilih
melekat
menganut
datang
berharga
merangkak
berkokok
memotong
menyepakati
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.

dig
do
draw
dream
drink
drive
dwell
eat
fall
feed
feel
fight
find
flee
fling
fly
forbid
Forget
forgive
forsake
freeze
get
gild
give
got
grind
grow
hang
have
hear
heave
hew
hide
hit
hold
hurt
input
inset
keep
kneel
knit
know
lay

dug
did
drew
dreamt
drank
drove
dwelt / dwelled
ate
fell
fed
felt
fought
found
fled
flung
flew
forbade
forgot
forgave
forsook
froze
got
gilt
gave
Got
ground
grew
hung
had
heard
heaved
hewed
hid
hit
held
hurt
input
inset
kept
knelt
knit
knew
laid

dug
done
drawn
dreamt
drunk
driven
dwelt / dwelled
eaten
fallen
fed
felt
fought
found
fled
flung
flown
forbidden
forgotton
forgiven
forsaken
frozen
got
gilt
given
got
ground
grown
hung
had
heard
heaved
hewn
hidden
hit
held
hurt
input
inset
kept
knelt
knit
known
laid

menggali
mengerjakan
menarik, menggambar
bermimpi
meminum
mengendarai
menghuni
memakan
jatuh
memberi makan
merasakan
berkelahi
menemukan
melarikan diri
melempar
menerbangkan
melarang
lupa
memaafkan
melalaikan
membeku
mendapatkan
menyepuh
memberikan
mendapatkan
mengasah
tumbuh
menggantung
mempunyai
mendengar
mengangkat
menebang
menyembunyikan
memukul
memegang
melukai
memasukkan
menyisipkan
menjaga
berlutut
merajut
mengetahui
menaruh
131 | P a g e

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.

lead
lean
leap
learn
leave
lend
let
lie
light
lose
make
mean
meet
partake
pay
picnic
prove
put
quit
read
rid
ride
ring
rise
run
saw
say
see
seek
sell
send
set
sew
shake
shall
shave
shed
shine
shoot
show
shrink
shut
sit

led
leaned
leapt
learned
left
lent
let
lay
lighted
lost
made
meant
met
overrtook
paid
picknicked
proved
put
quit
read
rid
rode
rang
rose
ran
sawed
said
saw
sought
sold
sent
set
sewed
shook
should
shaved
shed
shone
shot
showed
shrank
shut
sat

led
leaned
leapt
learned
left
lent
let
lain
lighted
lost
made
meant
met
partaken
paid
picknicked
proved
put
quit
read
rid
ridden
rung
risen
run
sawed
said
seen
sought
sold
sent
set
sewn
shaken
shaved
shed
shone
shot
shown
shrunk
shut
sat

memimpin
bersandar
melompat
belajar
meninggalkan
meminjamkan
membiarkan
berbaring
Menyalakan
Kehilangan
Membuat
Berarti
Bertemu
Menyusul
Membayar
berlibur, bertamasya
Membuktikan
Menaruh
pergi keluar
Baca
Mengusir
Menunggang
Bordering
Terbit
Berlari
Menggergaji
Berkata
Melihat
Mencari
Menjual
Mengirim
Menata
Menjahit
Mengocok
Dapat
Mencukur
Melepaskan
Berkilau
Menembak
Mempertunjukan
Mengkerut
Menutup
Duduk
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slay
sleep
slide
sling
slink
slit
smell
smite
sneak
sow
speak
speed
spell
spend
spill
spin
spit
split
spoil
spread

. spring
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.

stand
steal
stick
sting
stink
strew
stride
strike
string
strive
swear
sweat
sweep
swell
swim
swing
take
teach
tear
tell

slew
slept
slid
slung
slunk
slit
smelled
smote
sneaked
sowed
spoke
sped / US speeded
spelled
spent
spilled
spun
spat
split
spoiled
spread

slain
slept
slid
slung
slunk
slit
smelled
smitten
sneaked
sowed
spoken
sped
spelled
spent
spilled
spun
spat
split
spoiled / spoilt
spread

sprang

sprung

stood
stole
stuck
stung
stank / stunk
strewed
strode
struck
strung
strove / strived
swore
sweat / sweated
swept
swelled
swam
swung
took
taught
tore
told

stood
stolen
stuck
stung
stunk
strewn
stridden
stricken
strung
striven
sworn
sweat
swept
swollen
swum
swung
taken
taught
torn
told

Membantai
Tidur
Meluncur
Melempar
Menyelinap
Membelah
Berbau
mengambil hati
Menyelinap
menebar benih
Berbicara
Mempercepat
Mengeja
Membelanjakan
Menumpahkan
Berputar
Meludah
Membelah
Memanjakan
menyebarkan,
mengoles
meretakkan,
melepaskan
Berdiri
Mencuri
Menempelkan
Menyengat
berbau busuk
Menaburkan
Melangkahi
Menyerang
Menalikan
Berjuang
Bersumpah
Berkeringat
Menyapu
Membengkak
Berenang
Berayun
Mengambil
Mengajar
Merobek
Menceritakan
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think
thrive
throw
thrust
tread
understand
undo
upset
wake

thought
thrived / US throve
threw
thrust
trod
understood
undid
upset
woke / waked

thought
thrived / US thriven
thrown
thrust
trodden / trod
understood
undone
upset
woken

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.

wear
weave
wed
weep
wet
win
wind
withdraw
withhold
withstand
wring
write

wore
wove
wed
wept
wet
won
wound
withdrew
withheld
withstood
wrung
wrote

worn
woven
wed
wept
wet
won
wound
withdrawn
withheld
withstood
wrung
written

Berfikir
Berkembang
Melempar
Mendorong
Menempuh
Mengerti
mengerjakan kembali
sedih, mengecewakan
bangun,
membangunkan
Memakai
Menenun
Mengawini
Menangis
Basah
Memenangkan
Menggulung
Menarik
Mencegah
Bertahan
memeras, meremas
Menulis

134 | P a g e

LAMPIRAN 2
45 TOPIK PERTANYAAN SPEAKING IELTS
YANG SERING DIUJIKAN
Part 1 Introduction
1. Warm-up

Could you show me your identification card please?

Could you tell me your full name please?

What shall I call you?

Does your name have any special meaning?

Why do so many people change their names?

Is your name important to you?

2. Hometown or birth place

Where do you come from?

Where do you live?

Can you tell me something about your hometown?

Can you tell me some famous landscapes or scenic spots in your


hometown?

Can you tell me some history of your hometown?

3. Personal background and information

Are you a student or do you have a job?

What do you like most about your study?

What kind of job do you prefer after graduation?

What is your major?

What do you do for living?

Could you tell me a typical day of yours?


135 | P a g e

How do you get your job?

Are you satisfied with your job?

What do you like most about your job?

What kind of job do you prefer in the future?

4. Hobby or inclination

What do you usually do in your spare time?

Do you prefer to stay alone or with your friends?

What do you usually do on weekends and weekdays?

What do you usually do when you go out?

What do you usually do with your friends?

Do you like reading?

What kind of books do you like best?

Do you like English? Why or why not?

What do you think of the importance of English?

What are good hobbies and bad hobbies? Why?

5. Future plan

Why do you take the IELTS test?

What are you planning to do in the next five years?

What are you planning to do in the next ten years?

What is the first thing you will do when you arrive at the new place?

6. Traveling

Do you like traveling?

Do you like travel alone or with your friends?

136 | P a g e

Have you traveled to other places? Where are they?

What do you usually do when you first arrive in a new place?

What are the benefits of traveling?

Why do so many people like traveling nowadays?

7. Friends

Do you have many friends?

Are they casual acquaintances or close friends?

Do you prefer to stay with your family or with your friends?

Do you prefer one or two close friends or many friends?

Can you talk about your best friend?

What do you usually do with your friends?

Is the time you spend with your friends as much as that you spend with
your family?

8. Music

Do you like music?

What are the benefits of listening to music?

What kind of music do you like best?

Why do you like this kind of music?

9. Transportation

Can you say something about the transportation in your hometown?

What is the common means of transport in your country?

Do traffic jams often occur in your hometown or in the city where you
live?

How to solve the problem?

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What changes in transportation have taken place in the past several years
in your country?

Part 2 Topic Card


10. Describe a museum

How often do you visit the museum?

Which type of museum is popular in your country?

Why do you want to visit the museum?

11. Describe your favorite photograph

Where was the photo taken?

Who took the photo?

What can be seen from the photo?

Explain why it is the favorite photograph for you.

12. The important historic place

What is the place?

Where is it located?

Why do you think it is important?

13. Describe a party

What is the party?

Why was the party held?

Who attended the party?

What did you do for that party?

138 | P a g e

14. Describe a subject taught in your school

Who teaches it?

How is it taught?

What do you learn from the class?

15. Describe an invention

What is the invention?

Why do you think it is very important?

What are the advantages and disadvantages of the invention?

16. Describe a foreign country you have never been to

Where is the country?

When will you go there?

Why would you like to go there?

17. Describe your favourite movie

Whats the name of the film?

Whats the theme of the film?

Why do you like it?

18. Describe a newspaper or magazine

Whats your habit for reading?

What are the benefits of reading?

What's the main difference between newspaper and magazine?

19. Describe a childrens game


139 | P a g e

How is it played?

What can you learn from the game?

What impact does it bring on your growth?

20. Describe a happy event in your life

When did it happen?

Where did it happen?

What was it?

21. Describe a thing which is important to you

Who gave it to you?

What is the thing?

What does the thing mean to you?

22. Describe one of your neighbours

When did you become neighbours?

Do you often meet?

State whether your neighbour is a good one.

23. Describe one of the shopping centers you often go to

Where is the shopping center?

How often do you go to the center?

Why do you often go to it and its characteristics?

24. Describe your favourite animal

What kind of animal is it?


140 | P a g e

Describe it briefly

Why do you like the animal?

25. Describe a historical place

What is the place?

Where is it located?

What is the historical meaning of the place?

26. Describe an advertisement

What are the forms of advertisement?

What are the functions of advertisement?

What is the effect of advertisement to people?

27. Describe an important letter

When did you receive the letter?

From whom did you receive the letter?

Explain the reasons why it is important

28. Describe the best present you have received

Who sent it to you?

When did you receive it?

Give detailed information about the present.

29. Describe your holidays

Where do you go for the holidays and how long do them last?

141 | P a g e

Who do you go with?

Talk about any interesting thins happening during your holidays.

Part 3 Discussion
Describing People
30. Describe a well-known person

Who he/she is?

What makes him/her famous?

Why you admire him/her?

Do you want to become famous?

How to become a well-known person in Indonesia?

What kind of people can become famous in Indonesia?

What are the advantages and disadvantages of being famous?

What do you think of the privacy of a well-known person?

What do you think of the relationship between a well-know person and


advertising?

Would you be influenced by the well-known persons in TV commercials?

Do you often talk about singers with your friends? What do you often talk
about?

1. Describing a friend in your school time/ you like most.

Who he/she is?

When did you became friends?

Why do you like him/her or why do you think that he/she is important to
you?

How he/she influences you. Discussion:

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What are the differences between adults and children in terms of making
friends?

Can adults make friends with children?

What do you think are the most important factors when making friends?

What are the possible factors that cause the break-up of friendship?

Why is it difficult for adults to make friends?

What will the friendship become like when getting old?

2. Describing a person whom you like to work or study with.

Who is he/she?

When did you work/study together?

What do you often do together?

Why do you like to work with him/her?

What can you learn from him/her?

Why is he/she particular?

Do you like to work alone or with a partner?

What do you think of teamwork and team spirit?

What kind of people are good to work with?

Do you like group work or group learning?

9. What are the advantages of studying by yourself?

Describing Places
1. Describe a restaurant or a caf.

Where it is?

What it looks like?

What kind of services is provided?

143 | P a g e

What kind of food you like there/ What kind of food is famous?

Why you like it?

Do you like cooking?

Will you cook for your friends when they visit you?

Who cooks in a Indonesian family?

What do you think of the advantages and disadvantages of fast food?

Why is fast food so popular?

Where would Indonesian go when they eat out?

What changes would take place in terms of Indonesian eating habits?

What food is popular?

What is the difference between fresh food and canned food?

What can we do to solve the problem of food shortage?

What are the advantages and disadvantages of family food?

31. Describing an interesting building.

Where it is located.

What it looks like.

What services are provided?

How you like it.

What role do old buildings and new buildings play in modern society?

What changes have taken place in architecture in the past two decades?

Do you think it necessary to protect old buildings?

Describing Media and Communication


32. Describing a kind of book you like.

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What kind of books you like most.

What they are about.

Why you like them most.

What effect have books brought on you?

What is the difference between men and women when choosing what to
read?

What kind books do children like?

Why do they like reading?

What is the difference between reading and watching TV?

What is the relationship between reading and computer?

What are the advantages of reading books?

Why do children like pictorials?

What books are popular in Indonesia?

33. Describing one of your favorite books.

What kind of books you like.

What is your favorite book?

What it is about.

When did you get it?

Why you like it.

Do you like other books?

What kind of books do Indonesian people like?

What kind of books do you recommend to others?

34. Describing a letter.

When you received it.


145 | P a g e

Who sent it to you?

What it is about?

Whether it is important to you?

Why?

What is the difference between letter and e-mail?

Do you often keep diaries?

What is the difference between diary and letter?

What is the difference in the past and at the present as regards


communications?

What is the role of letter 50 years ago and at the present?

What do you think of the role 50 years later?

What do you think of creative writing?

Would post office disappear 50 years later?

What role does computer play in our society?

What changes have been brought by the computer?

35. Describing a kind of music.

Do you like music.

Why or why not?

What kind of music you like best?

What role music plays in peoples life?

How long do you listen to music everyday?

Why is it easier for children to learn playing a musical instrument?

What are the benefits of learning to play musical instruments?

Discuss the impact of western music on the world music?

146 | P a g e

Describing Celebration and Leisure Time


36. Describe a traditional festival.

When is it celebrated?

How to celebrate?

what you usually do on that day.

What you like and what you dont like.

What is the concept of holiday in Indonesia?

Why is holiday so important to modern people?

Do you think it is necessary to observe the traditional customs?

What changes in terms of spending festivals and holidays have taken place
in the past decade?

What is the difference as regards celebration in different part of the


country?

37. Describing a perfect trip/ holiday

Where you would go.

When would you go.

Whom you would go with.

What you are going to do.

What you think it perfect.

What is the difference in the past and at the present as regards travelling?

How would the tourist industry develop in the future?

What should the government do to attract tourists?

What should the people do to attract tourists?

38. Describing an interesting trip you have taken.

Where you went. When you went there.


147 | P a g e

Whom you went with.

What you did there.

Why you like it.

What is the difference in the past and at the present as regards traveling?

How would the tourist industry develop in the future?

What should the government do to attract tourists?

What should the people do to attract tourists?

39. Describing an interesting hobby.

What it is.

When began to do it.

How long you spend on it.

How often you do it.

Why you like it.

Do you think that surfing the Internet, watching TV, listening to music or
keeping a pet are interesting hobbies?

Do you think it will cost too much time to do them?

Do you like hobbies requiring teamwork?

Why do people usually do in their spare time?

40. Describe an environmental problem.

What it is?

How long it has existed.

What effect it has brought to peoples life?

What it happens?

What we can do to solve it.

148 | P a g e

What causes environmental problems?

What should the government do to protect the environment?

What should we do to protect the environment?

What other measures can you think of to protect the environment?

How should we educate children to protect environment?

Whats the difference between the old and the young as regards
environmental protection?

41. Describing a kind of extreme weather.

What it is?

When did it happen?

Where you were.

How you felt at that time.

What should you do in a bad weather?

Will bad weather mould or change peoples personality?

What is the relationship between weather and culture?

The climate has changed these 50 years.

Have you noticed the changes?

What changes do you predict in the following years?

Are the people interested in gathering the weather information in your


place?

How does weather influence peoples personalities in your country?

42. Talking about learning English.

When and where you began studying English.

What is the most interesting thing in an English class?

What is the most effective way of learning English?

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What difficulties you have when learning English.

What are the advantages of learning English?

What problems do you have when studying English?

Do you think that English is the most important language in the world?

Can English take the place of Indonesian in Indonesia?

What other languages are taught in Indonesia?

Do you think that age is the most important factor of learning English?
Why?

What difficulties would a foreigner have when he learns your native


language?

What problems would Indonesian people have when communicating with


foreigners?

When would be most suitable for children to learn English?

How will translation and interpretation develop in the future?

43. Describing the way of getting news.

Do you get news everyday?

Whether the news is national or international?

How you get news (via newspaper, TV, Internet, radio or other people?)

How do most Indonesian people think about the importance of getting


update news everyday?

Do you think the information on the Internet believable or not?

What is the most effective way of getting news?

How do reporters gather information?

What do you think of the importance of privacy?

How do journalists entertain their customers?

What role do media play in peoples life?

How do Indonesian people gather information?


150 | P a g e

What are the advantages and disadvantages of different media?

Do you think it necessary to control the news coverage?

What kind of news do you think should be controlled?

44. Describing a skill you want to learn.

What it is.

Why you think it is important.

How you are going to learn it.

What role it will play in you future life.

What do you think of the traditional skills?

What skill do you think the university has provided for your job?

What skills can you learn in school?

What kind of skills have your parents learned?

What do you think of the role of family for children to learn skills?

What is the most popular skill that people want to learn?

What kind of school would you send your children to? Why?

What are the advantages and disadvantages of school education and family
education

45. Describing a piece of equipment you often use at home or at work.

What is it?

What you do with it/ How to use it?

How long you have had it?

How important it is to you?

What are the impacts of electrical equipment on humans life in the past
ten years?

What are the differences of the life in the past and at the present?

151 | P a g e

What role does technological development play in peoples life?

How will technology develop in the future?

Do you have a mobile phone? What are its advantages?

What are the advantages and disadvantages of computer and internet?

152 | P a g e

Daftar Pustaka
Wyatt, R, 2004, Check Your Vocabulary For IELTS, Bloomsbury Publishing
PLC, London.
Hawkey, R, 2006, Impact Theory and Practice: Studies of the IELTS test and
Progetto Lingue 2000, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Mickan, P, 2003, What's your score? An investigation into language descriptors
for rating written performance in IELTS Research Reports, Volume 5, IELTS
Australia Pty Ltd, Canberra, pp 125-157.
Mickan, P, 2008, Making sense of tests: the social semiotics of assessment,
paper presented at ALTE Conference, Cambridge, April 2008.
Council of Europe (2001) The Common European framework of reference for
languages: Learning, teaching, assessment, Cambridge: Cambridge University
Press.
Lim, G S, Geranpayeh, A, Khalifa, H & Buckendahl, C (2013) Standard setting to
an international reference framework: Implications for theory and
practice, International Journal of Testing, 13(1), 32-49.
Milanovic, M (2009) 'Cambridge ESOL and the CEFR', Research Notes, 37, 2-5.
Saville, N (2005) 'An interview with John Trim at 80', Language Assessment
Quarterly, 2 (4), 263288.
Taylor, L (2004a) 'Issues of test comparability', Research Notes, 15, 2-5.
Taylor, L (2004b) 'IELTS, Cambridge ESOL examinations and the Common
European Framework', Research Notes, 18, 2-3.
Weir, C J (2005) 'Limitations of the Common European Framework for
developing comparable examinations and tests',Language Testing, 22, 281-300.
http://www.aber.ac.uk/en/media/departmental/internationalenglishcentre/englishla
nguagerequirements/Compare-IELTS,-TOEFL-and-TOEIC.pdf

153 | P a g e

BACK COVER

IELTS telah menjadi sebuah bisnis yang sangat besar di seluruh dunia. Setiap
minggu, puluhan ribu orang berpartisipasi mengikuti ujian ini di berbagai kotakota besar dunia. Untuk menfasilitasi kebutuhan yang besar tersebut, berbagai
kursus persiapan untuk mengikuti ujian IELTS menjamur dimana-mana. Dengan
pertumbuhan yang pesat, buku-buku mengenai tips dan strategi menghadapi ujian
IELTS juga menjamur di berbagai toko buku.

Sayangnya, mayoritas buku-buku IELTS di pasaran hanya menitikberatkan pada


soal-soal latihan dan bukan pada vocabulary. Kosakata-kosakata yang sering
keluar pada ujian IELTS umumnya berkisar pada topik yang sama. Seringkali,
satu kata yang sebenarnya mudah divariasikan dengan berbagai macam
persamaan maknanya yang sulit. Metode menghapalkan mentah-mentah
kumpulan kosakata tersebut bukanlah cara yang bijak untuk meningkatkan nilai
IELTS Anda. Oleh sebab itu, buku ini hadir memberikan Anda kosakata-kosakata
penting IELTS dengan latihan yang komprehensif. Kami menyusun latihan
tersebut dengan harapan agar kata-kata tersebut dapat diingat secara alami tanpa
harus dihapalkan.

Mempelajari kosakata-kosata yang ada di buku ini bukan hanya membantu Anda
sukses mendapatkan nilai IELTS yang tinggi. Lebih dari itu, ratusan vocabulary
yang diberikan di dalamnya juga sangat bermanfaat untuk memahami bahasa
Inggris baik dalam dunia pendidikan, kerja, maupun untuk percakapan sehari-hari.
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BIOGRAFI PENULIS

Penulis menempuh pendidikan bahasa Inggris di Burlington School, London UK


setelah menamatkan kuliah di Institut Teknologi Bandung tahun 2007. Alumni
SMA 78 ini kemudian melanjutkan pendidikan postgraduate di Kings College,
University of London.
Beberapa profesi dijalani penulis selama menetap di UK. Mulai dari seorang
pegawai sebuah perusahaan distributor di daerah Arsenal, London Utara sampai
menjadi staf pada sebuah drugstore di daerah Fulham, London Selatan. Pekerjaan
lain yang penulis geluti adalah sebagai chef di sebuah take-away restaurant di
kawasan yang tak jauh dari markas klub sepakbola Chelsea, Stamford Bridge.

Sekembalinya ke Indonesia, selain menjadi dosen teknik mesin, penulis giat


menulis buku dan beberapa artikel di media massa. Di samping itu, penulis juga
mengajar IELTS serta aktif sebagai instruktur bahasa Inggris di sejumlah institusi
dan perguruan tinggi.
Penulis dapat dihubungi lewat alamat email: ibham.veza@yahoo.com.

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