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What day of week was it on 5th November, 1989 if it was Monday on 4th April, 1988 ?

a.

b.

c.

d.

a.

b.

c.

d.

Monday

Tuesday

Saturday

Sunday

Here question tells us that 4th April 88 was Monday, so we have a reference day.

Sunday

Monday

Tuesday

Friday

1. 7 day cycle

2. day gain-Day loss concept

Although calendar question is not asked every year in every exam. But If and when calendar

question is asked, just follow the given procedure and youll get the accurate answer= one mark

is guaranteed=in that sense, cost: benefit is great.

1st August 2013= Thursday. Therefore 1st August + 7 =8th August also has to be Thursday.

Then what day will be 10th August 2013?

1st August =Thursday => 1+7=8 August is also Thursday

lets try a simple question from SSC

If 9th of the month falls on the day preceding Sunday, then on what day will 1st of the month

fall?

a.

b.

c.

d.

Friday

Saturday

Sunday

Monday

Day name repeats after 7 days.

Therefore 9 minus 7=2nd of the given month is also Saturday.

Then 1st of the given month= Saturday Minus one day = Friday, Ans A

+1 year

When we proceed forward by one year, then 1 day is gained and vice-versa.Example,9th August 2013 is

Friday+1=Saturday.Reverse is also true. When we move backward by one year, then 1 day is lost.

9th August 2014 is Saturday, therefore 9th August 2013 has to be Saturday minus 1=Friday.

+2 Leap

Year

When we proceed forward by one leap year, then 2 days are gained and vice-versa. Example If it is We

would be Friday (Wednesday +2) on 10th august 2012 [because 2012 is a leap year]. The reverse is als

then 22nd April,1987 = Wednesday. (-2 days)

Exception to Leap Year day gain day loss the date must have crossed 28th February if the

coming year is a leap year for adding 2 days otherwise add 1 day.

For e.g.

If 26th January 2011 is Wednesday then 26th January 2012 would be Thursday (even if

2012 is leap year we have added +1 day, because 28th of February is not crossed).

If 23rd March 2011 is Wednesday then 23rd march 2012 would be Friday (+2 days. As

28th February of leap year is crossed).

A normal year has 365 days. A leap year has 366 days (the extra day is the 29th of February)

A year which is divisible by 4 is a leap year except, if it is divisible by 100 then we have to

check it by dividing by 400. For e.g.

1. 1988, 2008, 2012, 2016 etc. all are leap years as divided by 4.

2. 2000, 2400, 1600 etc. all are leap as divided by 400 (100 and 4 too).

3. 1700, 1800, 2100, 2200 etc. are not leap years as they are not divisible by 400 (even if they

are divisible by 4).

Lets try a sum

On 5th December 1993, Nirmala and Raju celebrated their anniversary on Sunday. What will be

the day on their anniversary in 1997?

a.

b.

c.

d.

Wednesday

Thursday

Friday

Tuesday

Years

day gain

1994

1995

1997

total days

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

Monday

Tue

Wed

Thursday

Friday

lets try one more with a bit difference:

Mrs. Susheela celebrated her wedding anniversary on Tuesday 30th September 1997. What will

she celebrate her next wedding anniversary on same day (Tuesday)?

1.

2.

3.

4.

30 Sept 2003

30 Sept 2004

30 Sept 2002

30 October 2003

30th September

day gain

1998

99

2000 (leap)

2001

2002

2003

total days

Meaning whatever was the day on 30th sep. 1997 itll repeat on 2003

Therefore, after 1997, next time Mrs.Susheelas anniversary will be on same Tuesday on

30th September 2003 Ans A.

Now, How about a CAT level question:

Dec 9, 2001 is Sunday then what was the day on Dec 9, 1971?

A.

B.

C.

D.

Thursday

Wednesday

Saturday

Sunday

1971 to 2001=how many jumps?

2001-1971=Total 30 years jump

Out of those 30 years, how many leap years?

72, 76,.,00 (multiples of of 4 and 2000 is also leap year because It is multiple of 400)

but no need to manually count leap years.

if you observe

18 x 4 =(19)72

25 x 4 =(20)00

so from 18 to 25 = total 8 leap years. (plz note: 25-18=7 years, but weve to include both years as

welltherefore.. in such counting, itll be 25-18+1=8 leap years)

back to the start: 30 years jump and out of them 8 were leap years.

Meaning 22 normal years + 8 leap years = total 30 years

22 normal years (+1 day gain)

22 x 1 =22 days

8 x 2= 16 days

total gain

22+16=38 days

38/7=(75)+3 remainder

Meaning whatever was the day on Dec 9, 1971, itll move to +3 days on dec 9 2001

Reverse is also true: Whatever was the day on Dec 2001, itll be three days less on Dec 9 1971:

Since Dec 2001 was Sunday therefore,

Sunday Minus 3 days= (just count in your head): SaturdayFridayThursday.

Final answer is A: Thursday

What day of week was it on 5th November,1989 if it was Monday on 4th April, 1988 ?

1.

2.

3.

4.

Monday

Tuesday

Saturday

Sunday

For Non-Leap year, When we proceed forward by one year, then 1 day is gained and vice-versa.

If 4th April, 1988 = Monday, then 4th April, 1989 = Tuesday (Because 1989 is a non-leap year)

Month

Day

April (4 to 30)

26

May

31

June

30

July

31

Aug

31

Sep

30

Oct

31

Nov

Total

215

=Tuesday + 215

Divide 215 with 7 to find the remainder

215=(30*7)+5 Hence five is the remainder

Back to the problem

= Tuesday + [5 days]

What is the 5th day after Tuesday? Count on your fingertip: Wed, Thurs., Fri, Sat., Sunday

in above problem, if you dont want to waste time in adding the days like 26+31+30. then use

following approach

30 days=(7*4)+2=> 2 remainder

31 days=(7*4)+3=> 3 remainder.

Month

Days

Remainder with 7

April (4 to 30)

26

5 (because 26=7*3+5)

May

31

June

30

July

31

Aug

31

Sep

30

Oct

31

Nov

total

dont need

26

=Tuesday + 5

= Tuesday + 5 days

=Sunday

in speed tech #1, if you dont want to waste time in adding the remainders of seven: 5+3+2.

then do following

pickup remainders that add upto 7 and cancel them.

for example 5+2=7. So Ill cancel each such pair in the table. Observe

Month

Days

April (4 to 30)

26

May

31

June

30

July

31

Aug

31

Sep

30

Oct

31

Nov

total

dont need

12

After cancelling the two pairs of (5+2), Im left with four 3s= 12 (because 4 x 3=12)

=Tuesday + 12

now divide 12 with 7 find remainder: 12=7*1 +5

= Tuesday + 5 days

=Sunday

To solve this type of questions, youve to first mug up these two tables:

100

200

300

^ok but what is the use of above table? It tells us the number of odd days in that given year. I

dont want to bore you with the theory so just mug up those values.

0, 7

Sunday

Monday

Tuesday

Wednesday

Thursday

Friday

Saturday

^ok but what is the use of above table? just hang on for a few more paragraphs and youll know!

Now lets try a sum

Step 1:

Subtract the given year by 1.

1947 -1 = 1946

Step 2:

Break into relevant years as in table #1.

100

200

300

Therefore,

Step 3:

Now write corresponding values from the table: 1600=0 and 300=1

1946=>0+1+(46)

Step 4:

Now for the number in bracket (46), divide it by 4 and add quotient in same line.

in this case 46=(11x4)+2 therefore, 11 is quotient and 2 is remainder. Were concerned with

number and quotient here

1946=0+1+(46+11)

Step5:

Now add all these numbers and divide by 7

0+1+(46+11)

=58

And when you divide 58 by 7, you get 58= (7*8)+2. Therefore remainder is 2.

we got the number 2 = well call this our 31Dec Number

Observe second table

0, 7

Sunday

Monday

Tuesday

Wednesday

Thursday

Friday

Saturday

It means 31st December 1946 was Tuesday. Now we apply our 7day cycle concept to find out

the day on 15th August 1947 using the following formula

Given day= (our 31Dec Number 2)+ *how many days till we reach 15th August?*

Step 6

from 1st Jan 1947 till we reach 15th August 1947

days

Jan

31

28

March

31

April

30

May

31

June

30

July

31

15

Total

227

(Our 31Dec Number)+ *how many days till we reach 15th August?*

=2 + 227

=229

Step 7

Divide this number (229) by 7 and whatever remainder you get= that is our day from table #2

229/7=(32*7)+5

so 5 is the remainder and as per table#2

0, 7

Sunday

Monday

Tuesday

Wednesday

Thursday

Friday

Saturday

5=>Friday.

That means 15th August 1947 was Friday.

in above 15th August example, Back to the step6

31Dec Number+ *how many days till we reach 15th August?*

after that, we did following:

from 1st Jan 1947 till we reach 15th August 1947

days

Jan

31

28

march

31

april

30

may

31

june

30

july

31

15

total

227

^as you see we had to sum of 31+28+31.=lot of time taken in doing the addition (+).

So, it is better to just add remainders for each month with 7

30=(7*4)+2=> 2 remainder

31=(7*4)+3=> 3 remainder.

Now observe again

from 1st Jan 1947till we reach 15th August 1947

Jan

31

28

march

31

april

30

may

31

june

30

july

31

15

total

Our 31Dec Number+ *how many days till we reach 15th August?*

=2+17

=19

Therefore 19/7 = its remainder will tell us the final day

19=(7*2) + 5=therefore remainder is 5 and as per table#2, 5 means Friday.

Subtract 1 from the given year

1857-1=1856

Now breakup 1856 as per our table #1

100

200

300

1856

=1600+200+(56)

write corresponding values from table#1

227 days

=0+3+(56)

Divide the bracket number by 4 and write quotient along with number

56=14*4 + 0 therefore quotient is 14

1856

=0+3+(56+14)

add these numbers and divide by 7 find remainder

=73/7

=remainder 3

Speed Technique #3

after doing the division with 4 to find quotient step, you got following

=0+3+(56+14)

Whenever you see the multiple of 7, just scratch that number (because itll give remainder zero

anyways)

for example

=0+3+(56+14)

Here both 56 and 14 are multiples of 7 so even if you divide them by 7, youre going to get zero

as remainder.

=0+3+0+0=3 is 31Dec Number

as per table#2: 3 means Wednesday. Meaning 31st December 1856 was Wednesday

now our 31Dec Number+ how many days till 10th May, 1857?

from 1st Jan 1857till we reach 31th May 1857

Jan

31

28

march

31

april

30

may

10

total

*not needed*

our 31Dec Number+ how many days till 10th May, 1857?

=3 + 11

=14

when 14 is divided by 7 we get zero as remainder.

as per table#2

0, 7

Sunday

Monday

Tuesday

Wednesday

Thursday

Friday

Saturday

Zero means Sunday. so final answer 10th May 1857 was Sunday.

Extra facts:

1. The 1st day of a century must be Tuesday, Thursday, or Saturday.

2. The last day of a century cannot be Tuesday, Thursday, or Saturday.

Mock questions

1. In 2013, Gandhis birth-anniversary is on Wednesday. In which nearest future year, will his

birth-anniversary be on Monday?

2. If 29th April 2013 is Monday then what is the day on 30th November 2013?

3. If June 11, 2013 is Monday, what was the day on July 11, 2000

4. What was the day on 9/11 attacks in 2001

5. What was the day on 26/11 attacks in 2008

Answers

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

2017

30/nov/13=Saturday

11/jul/00=Monday

11/09/01=Tuesday

26/11/08=Wednesday

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