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13ME42 - STRENGTH OF MATERIALS

ASSESSMENT : THEORY
COURSE OBJECTIVES
The course is designed to understand the basic concepts of stress, strain and its
variations for different loading pattern. Mechanical properties such as elastic modulus, bulk
modulus, modulus of rigidity and Poisson's ratio, along with their behaviour in combined stress
and strain, principal stress, principal plane, bending moment and shear force in beam under
various loading conditions are studied. Understanding of torsional shear stress in solid and
hollow shaft; principal and maximum shear stress in a circular shaft subjected to combined
stresses, stresses in struts and columns subjected to axial load; bending stress, slope and
deflection under different loading and supporting conditions.
COURSE OUTCOMES
At the end of this course, the students will be able to
CO1 : Demonstrate the capabilities to apply mathematics and engineering fundamentals to
analyze and calculate complex structure stress field, strain distribution as well as deflection.
CO2 : Select appropriate models and methods for the stress - strain analysis.
CO3 : Discuss the relationship between stress and strain in different types of materials and able
to solve the deformations of structural components under axial, transverse and torsion loadings.
CO4 : Evaluate the stress under a rotation of axes and its application to the solution of
engineering problems and examine the principal stresses in beams, transmission shafts that are
subjected to combined loading.
CO5 : The student is expected to analyze different stresses, strains and deflection for designing
a simple mechanical element under various loading conditions.
SIMPLE STRESS AND STRAIN
Concept of stress and strain, St. Venant's principle, stress and strain diagram, Hooke's law,
Young's modulus, Poisson's ratio, stress at a point, stresses and strains in bars subjected to
axial loading, modulus of elasticity, stress produced in compound bars subjected to axial
loading. Temperature stress and strain calculations due to applications of axial loads and
variation of temperature in single and compound bars
(6)
COMPOUND STRESSES AND STRAINS
Two dimensional system, stress at a point on a plane, principal stresses and principal planes,
Mohr's circle of stress, ellipse of stress and their applications. Two dimensional stress-strain
systems, principal strains - circle of strain. Relationship between elastic constants.
(6)
SHEAR AND BENDING STRESS IN BEAMS
Types of loading - supports and reactions, shear force and bending moment - diagrams
singularity functions. Theory of bending stresses - simple bending theory - derivation.
Application to beams of rectangular, circular and channel sections, composite beams. Shear
stress distribution in beams. Combined stresses in beams.
(8)
SLOPE AND DEFLECTION
Relationship between moment, slope and deflection, moment area method, Macaulay's method.
Use of these methods to calculate slope and deflection for determinant beams.
(7)
TORSION
Torsional equation - applications to hollow and solid circular shafts, torsional rigidity. Combined
torsion and bending of circular shafts, principal stress and maximum shear stresses under
combined loading of bending and torsion. Analysis of close-coiled-helical springs.
(7)
THIN AND THICK CYLINDERS
Thin cylinders and spheres - derivation of formulae and calculations of hoop stress, longitudinal
stress in a cylinder, and sphere subjected to internal pressures. Thick cylinders.
(5)

ANALYSIS OF COLUMNS
Columns under uni-axial load, Buckling of columns, slenderness ratio and conditions. Euler's
equation for elastic buckling load, equivalent length. Rankine Gordon 's empirical equations. (6)
THEORY : 45
TUTORIAL : 15
TOTAL : 60
TEXT BOOKS
1. Dr. Singh J. P., "A Text Book of Mechanics of Solids", Khanna Publishers, 2-B, Nath Market,
Nai
Saral, Delhi - 110006.
2. Rajput R. K., "Strength of Materials", S. Chand & Company Ltd, Ram Nagar, New Delhi 110055.
REFERENCE BOOKS
1. Pytel A. H. and Singer F. L., "Strength of Materials", Harper Collins, New Delhi.
2. Beer P. F. and Johston (Jr.) E. R., "Mechanics of Materials", SI version, McGraw Hill, NY.
3. Popov E. P., "Engineering Mechanics of Solids", SI version, Prentice Hall, New Delhi.
4. Timoshenko S. P. and Young D. H., "Elements of Strength of Materials", East West Press,
New
Delhi.
5. Shames I. H., Pitarresi, J. M., "Introduction to Solid Mechanics," Prentice-Hall, NJ.
6. NPTEL courses, http://nptel.iitm.ac.in/courses.php, web and video courses on "Strength of
Materials"
by Prof. Sharma S. C., and Prof. Harsha S. P.