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Complete list of Jos Rizal's correspondence

Number

Year

Month

Day

Title

From

To

Location

Summary

1876

March

26

Rizal, Calamba, 26 March 1876

Jos Rizal

Basilia Bauzon de Leyba

Calamba

1876

July

Rizal, Manila, 2 July 1876

Jos Rizal

Family (siblings)

Manila

[1877]

Eduardo de Lete (1877)

Eduardo de Lete

Jos Rizal

1877

February

10

Manuel T. Hidalgo, Tanawan, Batangas, 10 February


1877

Manuel T. Hidalgo

Jos Rizal

Tanawan, Batangas

1877

March

19

Fr. Jacinto Febres, Rome, 19 March 1877

Fr. Jacinto Febres

Jos Rizal

Rome

1877

April

13

Rizal, Calamba, 13 April 1877

Jos Rizal

Basilia Bauzon de Leyba

Calamba

1877

May

21

Ricardo Aguado, Manila, 21 May 1877

Ricardo Aguado

Jos Rizal

Manila

1877

May

21

Ricardo Aguado, Manila, 21 May 1877

Ricardo Aguado

Jos Rizal

Manila

1878

July

16

Fr. Jos Vilaclara, Cebu, 16 July 1878

Fr. Jos Vilaclara

Jos Rizal

Cebu

He asks Rizal for altar designsAdvises Rizal to frequent the sacramentsInvites him to spend his
vacation at the Jesuit Mission House

1878

September

15

Jos Rizal

San Fernando, La
Union

The brother of Eduardo Lete asks Rizal about a student conspiracy in which his brother is reported
to be involved.

10

1878

October

Enrique Lete, San Fernando, La Union, 8 October


1878

Enrique Lete

Jos Rizal

San Fernando, La
Union

Enrique Lete proposes an exchange of bobbin.

11

1878

November

27

Rizal, Manila, 27 November 1878

Jos Rizal

Enrique Lete

Manila

12

1879

June

24

Mariano Catigbac, Lipa, Batangas, 24 June 1879

Mariano Catigbac

Jos Rizal

Lipa, Batangas

13

1879

October

10

Saturnina Rizal, Calamba, 10 October 1879

Saturnina Rizal

Jos Rizal

Calamba

14

1879

October

15

Felix Resurreccin Hidalgo, Madrid, 15 October 1879

Felix Resurreccin
Hidalgo

Jos Rizal

Madrid

15

1880

July

27

Rizal, [Manila,] 27 July 1880

Jos Rizal

16

1880

July

30

Paciano Rizal, Calamba, 30 July 1880

Paciano Rizal

Jos Rizal

Calamba

17

1881

Rizal, [Manila, 1881]

Jos Rizal

Paciano Rizal

Manila

18

1881

January

Leonor Rivera, Manila, 2 January 1881

Leonor Rivera

Jos Rizal

Manila

She explains why she has not written RizalShe is happy to receive his letters.

19

1881

May

25

Cabrera, Banson, and Lasam, Manila, 25 May 1881

Cabrera, Banson
and Lasam

Jos Rizal

Manila

Rizal's friends are waiting for himThey use the names of The Three Musketeers, Dumas' celebrated
novel.

20

1887

May

31

Rizal, Stuttgart, 31 May 1881

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Stuttgart

21

1881

December

28

Jos Rizal

Manila

Four pesosA volume of poemsA book by Jules Vern.

Rizal's graduation.

Advice of a former ProfessorCultivate the "flowers of virtue".

Luna's house assaulted by bandits.

Enrique Lete, San Fernando, La Union, 15 September 1878


Enrique Lete

From Taimis (Leonor Rivera), Manila, 28 December 1881Leonor Rivera

Rizal is studying painting, solfeggio, piano, singing and fencing.

An invitation from Rizal to Calamba's town fiestaCatigbac reports the birth of a son.

Regards to Leonor Rivera.


The School of Fine Arts has good professors but lacks adequate facilities. The Museo del Prado is
marvelous.

[Manila]

Looking for the professor who is preparing a dictionary.

She chides Rizal for not writing her

Complete list of Jos Rizal's correspondence


Number

Year

Month

Day

Title

From

To

Location

22

1882

January

17

Rizal, Madrid, 17 January 1882

Jos Rizal

Silvestre Ubaldo

Madrid

23

1882

May

26

Paciano Rizal, Manila, 26 May 1882

Paciano Rizal

Jos Rizal

Manila

Effect of Rizal's departureGrief of his parentsComments of the friarsThe Diariong TagalogThe


real purpose of Rizal's departure for Europe.

24

[1882]

June

Rizal, Suez Canal, 7 June [1882]

Jos Rizal

Parents

Suez Canal

Travel impressionsAdenThe Dessert SuezThe CanalHis good healthExpecting letters from


home.

25

1882

June

23

Rizal, Barcelona, 23 June 1882

Jos Rizal

Parents and brothers

Barcelona

26

1882

June

26

Silvestre Ubaldo

Jos Rizal

Bulacan

27

1882

June

30

Vicente Gella, 30 June 1882

Vicente Gella

Jos Rizal

28

1882

July

11

Jos M. Cecilio, Manila, 11 July 1882

Jos M. Cecilio

Jos Rizal

Manila

29

1882

July

24

Paciano Rizal

Jos Rizal

Calamba

30

[1882]

[August]

Narcisa Rizal, [August 1882?]

Narcisa Rizal

Jos Rizal

[Calamba]

31

1882

August

24

Antonino Lopez, Calamba, 24 August 1882

Antonino Lopez

Jos Rizal

Calamba

32

1882

August

25

Paciano Rizal, Calamba, 25 August 1882

Paciano Rizal

Jos Rizal

Calamba

33

1882

August

25

Fr. Leoncio Lpez, Calamba, 25 August 1882

Fr. Leoncio Lpez

Jos Rizal

Calamba

34

1882

August

28

Jos M. Cecilio, Manila, 28 August 1882

Jos M. Cecilio

Jos Rizal

Manila

Rizal is remembered by his friends at ManilaHis fiance Leonor Rivera feels deeply his absence
His essay El amor patrio (Love of Country) appears in Diariong TagalogCholera in ManilaAt
Madrid Rizal can cooperate with other Filipinos there working for their country's welfareThe friars
in the Philippines are despoticRizal should study law.

35

1882

September

12

Basilio Teodoro Moran, Manila, 12 September 1882

Basilio Teodoro
Moran

Jos Rizal

Manila

Basilio Teodora Moran, publisher of Diariong Tagalog, reports to Rizal the censorship of his article El
amor patriaHigh praise for his literary workMoran thinks Diariong Tagalog cannot live long on
account of the indifference of the FilipinosHe will send regularly issues of it to RizalHe requests
Rizal to send him articles and news digest and appoints him staff writer

36

1882

September

15

Paciano Rizal, Calamba, 15 September 1882

Paciano Rizal

Jos Rizal

Calamba

More ravages of the choleraEarthquakesWork in PansolFamily news.

37

1882

September

24

Manuel T. Hidalgo, Calamba, 24 September 1882

Manuel T. Hidalgo

Jos Rizal

Calamba

Family newsBirth of AlfredoSimple baptismal ceremonyDeath of family friends.

38

[1882]

[September]

[26]

Manuel T. Hidalgo, [Calamba, 26 September 1882]

Manuel T. Hidalgo

Jos Rizal

[Calamba]

39

1882

September

26

Saturnina Rizal, Calamba, 26 September 1882

Saturnina Rizal

Jos Rizal

Calamba

Sra. Neneng wants to send Rizal a diamond ringHe wants his family to write him in Tagalog.

40

1882

September

27

Basilio Teodoro Moran, Manila, 27 September 1882

Basilio Teodoro
Moran

Jos Rizal

Manila

Basilio T. Moran reiterates his request that Rizal write for Diariong TagalogHe also invites Dr.
Gregorio Sanciangco to send articles

Silvestre Ubaldo, Bulacan,

26 June

Paciano Rizal, Calamba, 24 July

1882

1882

Summary

Travel impressionsPort SaidNapoliMarseille SightseeingBarcelonaVisits factories of


porcelain, glass, ceramics See many things which are applicable in the Philippines.

Rizal's parents are sad on account of his departureUbaldo wants to be transferred from Bulacan to
Calamba.
Rizal has separated from his family and friends to seek "the welfare that we all desire"News of
Rizal are eagerly awaitedHis friends and relatives are saddened by his absenceHis family
approves of his going abroadTown fiesta of Calamba
Receives letters of Rizal from Singapore, Point Galle, and ColomboNews of mutual friends.

More on Calamba's town fiestaFamily newsRizal's allowance.

More family newsRizal's letters are eagerly awaitedLack of town news.

Family newsHis brother-in-law Antonino (Lpez) generously offers to send Rizal money.

Rizal's allowanceRavages of choleraClosing of schools at Manila.

Wishes Rizal success in his studiesMore on the fiesta of CalambaCholeraClosing of the schools.

Will keep Rizal informed of notable happenings at home.

Complete list of Jos Rizal's correspondence


Number

Year

Month

Day

Title

From

To

Location

Summary

41

1882

September

16

Jos M. Cecilio, Manila, 16 September and 18


October 1882

Jos M. Cecilio

Jos Rizal

Manila

Misuse of funds assigned for the control of the cholera epidemicClosing of schools on account of
the cholera News of friends Centenary of St. Theresa celebrated Reiterates his advice to Rizal
to study law Italian opera company at Manila Inauguration of the Carriedo Waterworks
Leonor Rivera's tears Death of Liceo Artistico Literario de Manila

42

1882

October

Toms Cabangis, Barcelona, October 1882

Toms Cabangis

Jos Rizal

Barcelona

Cabangis, Filipino medical student from Tondo, Manila, inquires about the Circulo Hispano-Filipino of
Madrid.

43

1882

October

Tomas Cabangis, Barcelona, 3 October 1882

Toms Cabangis

Jos Rizal

Barcelona

Inquires about the special examinationsForwards a letter to RizalWhy he changed his boarding
house.

44

1882

October

Olimpia Rizal, Bulacan, 5 October 1882

Olimpia Rizal

Jos Rizal

Bulacan

Family newsMore on the ravages of choleraShe tells Rizal to try to


come home soon.

45

1882

October

Silvestre Ubaldo, Bulacan, 5 October 1882

Silvestre Ubaldo

Jos Rizal

Bulacan

Ravages of the cholera in BulacanIts originDeath of his sister Maria.

46

[1882]

October

10

Rizal, Madrid, 10 October [1882]

Jos Rizal

Parents and brothers

Madrid

Enrolled in medicine and lawIn good health but poor in moneyAttends meeting of Circulo
hispano-filipinoWould like to know five or six languages Enjoins her younger sisters to study.

47

1882

November

Toms Cabangis, Barcelona, 4 November 1882

Toms Cabangis

Jos Rizal

Barcelona

Offers to send Rizal Baltazar's Florante at LauraGregorio Sanciangco calls on him Inquires about
the professor of obstetrics at the Colegio de San Carlos at Madrid where Rizal is enrolled

48

1882

November

12

Paciano Rizal, Calamba, 12 November 1882

Paciano Rizal

Jos Rizal

Calamba

Rizal's allowance is insufficientPaciano promises to increase it after


the sale of their sugar crop.

49

[1882]

[November]

[13]

Lucia Rizal, [Calamba, 13 November 1882]

Lucia Rizal

Jos Rizal

[Calamba]

50

1882

November

13

Mariano Herbosa, Calamba, 13 November 1882

Mariano Herbosa

Jos Rizal

Calamba

The Calamba RiverDeath of Diariong Tagalog.

51

1882

November

13

Josef a and Maria Rizal, Calamba, 13 November


1882

Josefa and Maria


Rizal

Jos Rizal

Calamba

Rizal's parents are losing their sightSlippers and beaded sandals for RizalFamily news.

52

1882

November

25

Toms Cabangis, Barcelona, 25 November 1882

Toms Cabangis

Jos Rizal

Barcelona

He has received a copy of the review published by the Circulo Hispano-Filipino of MadridWishes to
join the association

53

1882

November

27

Rizal, Madrid, 27 November 1882

Jos Rizal

Manuel T. Hidalgo

Madrid

54

[1882]

[December]

[14]

Manuel T. Hidalgo, [Calamba, 14 December


1882]

Manuel T. Hidalgo

Jos Rizal

[Calamba]

55

1882

December

14

Saturnina Rizal, Calamba, 14 December 1882

Saturnina Rizal

Jos Rizal

Calamba

56

1882

December

15

Jos M. Cecilio, Manila, 15 December 1882

Jos M. Cecilio

Jos Rizal

Manila

57

1882

December

29

Paciano Rizal, Calamba, 29 December

Paciano Rizal

Jos Rizal

Calamba

58

1882

December

30

Rizal, Madrid, 30 December 1882

Jos Rizal

Leandro Lopez

Madrid

59

[1882]

[December]

[30]

Rizal, [Madrid, 30 December 1882]

Jos Rizal

Josefa Rizal

[Madrid]

60

1882

December

30

Rizal, Madrid, 30 December 1882

Jos Rizal

Paciano Rizal

Madrid

1882

Regrets not having talked with her brother before his departureWants her son to be like Rizal.

Barghosi, a human locomotiveBehavior of the Madrid public.

Inquiring about the codesCivil, criminal, administrative, and commercial.

Family news Birth and baptism of a new nephew, AlfredoCalamba inundatedDamage to crops
A new strange disease.
Leonor is suffering from insomniaAnother epidemic: Beri-beriNews of girl friendsRavages of
the typhoonsAnacleto del Rosario is going to study in Spain (Original letter is damaged).
"Dry cholera"Poor millingFeast of St. FrancisRizal's horseA prophetic dream?Something of
politics.
Rizal writes to a Calamba friend about the girls of CalambaHis impression of Spanish women.
Asks his sisters to write him oftenWill wear Filipino costume at the carnivalRegrets not having
brought with him his nito salacot.
Living expenses at Madrid higher than at BarcelonaImportance of knowing European languages
Invites young men with means to study abroad.

Complete list of Jos Rizal's correspondence


Number

Year

Month

Day

Title

From

To

Location

61

1882

December

30

Rizal, Madrid, 30 December 1882

Jos Rizal

Maria Rizal

Madrid

62

[1883]

Paciano Rizal, [Calamba, Laguna, 1883?]

Paciano Rizal

Jos Rizal

[Calamba]

Improvement of the land at PansolDo not displease the priestsFine arts instead of law, says the
curate.

63

1883

January

11

Rizal, Madrid, 11 January 1883

Jos Rizal

Parents and brothers

Madrid

New Year celebrationMadrid in the rainFall of the MinistryMasquerade ball at the Alhambra
Feast of San Antonio AbadCanon, a guitar celebrityAsks for pictures of his parentsTells brother
to save the clay bust of their father made by him (Rizal).

64

1883

January

19

Silvestre Ubaldo
and Olimpia Rizal

Jos Rizal

Bulacan

Baliwag silk handkerchief for RizalThe friars hate Rizal for his article published in Diariong Tagalog.

65

1883

January

15

Basilio Teodoro Moran, Manila, 15 January 1883

Basilio Teodoro
Moran

Jos Rizal

Manila

Sad story of the death of Diariong TagalogSends Rizal another set of the paper Hopes to
republish it.

66

1883

January

23

Miguel Morayta, Madrid, 23 January 1883

Miguel Morayta

Jos Rizal

Madrid

Professor Morayta invites Rizal to send him some of his literary works, either in prose or poetry, to
be read in a programme in honor of Giordano Bruno and the freedom of thought

67

1883

January

26

Santiago Carrillo, Manila, 26 January 1883

Santiago Carrillo

Jos Rizal

Manila

Rizal's father would like his son to avoid displeasures and to come home soon

68

1883

January

29

Rizal, Madrid, 29 January 1883

Jos Rizal

Saturnina Rizal

Madrid

Water treatment for infant's not always advisableGrateful for giftsAsks for the names of
acquaintances and friends who have died of the plague and beriberi Italian is sweet Reasons
for declining a Christmas gift.

69

1883

January

29

Rizal, Madrid, 29 January 1883

Jos Rizal

Manuel T. Hidalgo

Madrid

European politicsNunez de Arce, minister of coloniesGeneral Jovellas to the Philippines


Proposed legal reformsPleasant weather.

70

1883

January

29

Rizal, Madrid, 29 January 1883

Jos Rizal

Parents and brothers

Madrid

Fine weatherDeath of the CirculoBalloon tragedyDeclines a Christmas presentStudying


ItalianTo perfect his French at Paris, English at London, German in GermanyIgnorance about
the Philippines.

71

1883

February

Tomas Cabangis, Barcelona, 8 February 1883

Tomas Cabangis

Jos Rizal

Barcelona

72

1883

February

Jos M. Cecilio, Manila, 8 February 1883

Jos M. Cecilio

Jos Rizal

Manila

News from the Tomasina HouseLeonor is sufferingComments on Manila lads and lassesFilipinos
in Spain excel in literature, according to Rizal.

73

1883

February

13

Rizal, Madrid, 13 February 1883

Jos Rizal

Madrid

Sinking of the LipaEagerness for home newsHorsebackRiding at Barcelona Remembering


the Calamba singersA sample of his TagalogScandals at the Madrid CourtInquiring about the
reaction to a Filipino who married a Spanish womanDinner at the house of the Paterno brothers.

74

1883

March

14

Mariano Herbosa, Calamba, 14 May 1883

Mariano Herbosa

Jos Rizal

Calamba

75

[1883]

[March]

[14]

Lucia Rizal, [Calamba, 14 May 1883]

Lucia Rizal

Jos Rizal

[Calamba]

76

1883

March

14

Josefa Rizal, Calamba, 14 March 1883

Josefa Rizal

Jos Rizal

Calamba

Bulacan handkerchiefBeaded step-insGuava jelly.

77

1883

March

14

Trinidad Rizal, Calamba, 14 March 1883

Trinidad Rizal

Jos Rizal

Calamba

She has stopped going to schoolCongratulate Rizal on his ability to


speak Italian after two month's study.

78

1883

May

26

Paciano Rizal, Calamba, 26 May 1883

Paciano Rizal

Jos Rizal

Calamba

Sugar cropRizal asks permission to go to ParisA portrait of Rizal at Leonor's house painted by
Resurreccion HidalgoDeath of Father Leoncio Lpez, Calamba's parish priest Town fiesta of
BianIncident with the civil guardFeast of Corpus ChristiNo receipt for payment of land rent
The Philippines is the most heavily taxed country in the world.

79

1883

May

29

Jos M. Cecilio, Manila, 29 May 1883

Jos M. Cecilio

Jos Rizal

Manila

Silvestre Ubaldo and Olimpia Rizal, Bulacan,


January 1883

19

Summary
Enjoins his sister Maria to save his letters to his parents and brothersAnd look up their former
servants and help themHopes to treat the eyes of his mother upon his returnRizal saw the
comet seen by his father.

News from BarcelonaHe would like to finish the medical course and study other things at Madrid.

Rizal's favorite chestnut horseSwiftest among the horses of Calamba.

She asks Rizal for a prescription for the itchNews about town acquaintances and relatives.

Rizal's love affairsPi y MargallNews of young men and women of Manila SocietyWedding of
Anacleto del RosarioExaminations for aspirants.

Complete list of Jos Rizal's correspondence


Number

Year

Month

Day

80

1883

June

21

81

[1883]

[July]

82

1883

July

83

1883

July

20

84

1883

July

29

85

1883

August

86

1883

87

Title

Rizal, Paris, 21 June

1883

From

To

Location

Summary

Jos Rizal

Parents and brothers

Paris

From Madrid to ParisA stroll through ParisLaennec Hospital Lariboisiere HospitalJardin


d'Acclimatation.

[Paris]

Tour of Paris continuedThe BullierMusee de GrivinThe Louvre MuseumIts vastness and


treasures.

Rizal, [Paris, July 1883]

Jos Rizal

Rizal, Paris, 5 July 1883

Jos Rizal

Parents and brothers

Paris

Tour of Paris continued National PanoramaPalace of IndustryHotel DieuMuseum of Orfila


Jardin des PlantesLuxembourg Palace Hotel des Invalides.

Jos Rizal

Paciano Rizal

Paris

Studying French at ParisCost of livingRegrets passing of Fr. Leoncio LpezThe pro-friar Fr.
Villafranca.

Rosauro de Guzman, Manila, 29 July 1883

Rosauro de Guzman

Jos Rizal

Manila

Rizal, Paris, 2 August 1883

Jos Rizal

Parents

Paris

September

11

Rizal, Madrid, 11 September 1883

Jos Rizal

Parents

Madrid

Vacillating between the law course and the philosophy and letters course Madrid summer
disagrees with himTwo Calamba youthsFilipinos at MadridJapanese studentsOnly one Filipino
is studying agricultureProbable new minister of colonies.

1883

September

15

Jos M. Cecilio, Manila,15 September 1883

Jos M. Cecilio

Jos Rizal

Manila

Paris is the grand city, according to Zamora Rizal now speaks French News of Manila lasses
Leonor again Inquiring about Rizal's literary activities.

88

1883

October

16

Mariano Catigbac, Lipa, 16 October 1883

Mariano Catigbac

Jos Rizal

Lipa

Nothing happens at Lipa No news, except the havoc wrought by the cholera Appearance of
beriberi Rizal is one of three excellent Filipinos at Madrid Sends Rizal silk handkerchiefs woven
in Lipa..

89

1883

October

28

Rizal, Madrid, 28 October 1883

Jos Rizal

Francisco Rizal Mercado

Madrid

Madrid weather Living with Lete and the LlorentesGymnastic lessonsDrawing classes
Christmas greetingsChristmas at Madrid Eager for family newsPolitical trends in EuropeThe
Columbus banquet.

90

1883

November

21

Rizal, Madrid, 21 November 1883

Jos Rizal

Parents and brothers

Madrid

Unfair treatment of Filipino engraver Figueroa in the filling of a professorial chair at the Academia de
Bellas Artes de San Fernando Rumors of war between France and GermanyAnnouncing his
graduation from the medical college in 1884Republican demonstration at Madrid.

91

[1883]

[November]

[27]

Trinidad Rizal, [Calamba, 27 November 1883]

Trinidad Rizal

Jos Rizal

[Calamba]

Suffered from intermittent feverPilgrimage to Antipolo.

92

[1883]

[November]

[27]

Josefa Rizal, [Calamba, 27 November 1883]

Josefa Rizal

Jos Rizal

[Calamba]

Always thinking of RizalPresent of handkerchiefs from Catigbak Regards from friends.

93

[1883]

[November]

[27]

Olimpia Rizal, [Calamba, 27 November 1883]

Olimpia Rizal

Jos Rizal

[Calamba]

Her son, Aristeo.

94

1883

November

27

Teodora Alonso

Jos Rizal

Calamba

95

[1883]

[November]

[27]

Sofia Lopez, [Calamba, 27 November 1883]

Sofia Lopez

Jos Rizal

[Calamba]

Dandoy is sickLeonor is pitiful.

96

[1883]

[November]

[27]

Narcisa Rizal, [Calamba, 27 November 1883]

Narcisa Rizal

Jos Rizal

[Calamba]

Reasons for not writing RizalFamily news.

97

[1883]

[November]

[27]

Maria Rizal, [Calamba, 27 November 1883]

Maria Rizal

Jos Rizal

[Calamba]

Some news.

98

[1884]

Rizal, [1884]

Jos Rizal

Rizal,

Paris,

20

July

1883

Teodora Alonso, Calamba, 27 November

1883

Jos M. Cecilio (Chengoy) is promotedBegs Rizal to be his future compadre.

Some monuments in ParisPantheonJardin des PlantesAbbey of ClunyJulian BathsFrench


national holidayPalace of Versailles.

Rizal asks for family pictures Maternal solicitudeGod's blessings on the Rizal family.

Rizal resents the lending of his booksEnjoins his family to save his books.

Complete list of Jos Rizal's correspondence


Number

Year

Month

99

1884

100

1884

February

101

1884

102

Day

Title

From

To

Location

Felipe Zamora, Binondo, Manila,1884

Felipe Zamora

Jos Rizal

Binondo, Manila

10

Paciano Rizal, Philippine Islands, 10 February 1884

Paciano Rizal

Jos Rizal

Philippine Islands

Money for the doctorateHe wants Rizal to enlist as Filipino physician should the Franco-Prussian
War break outOne should not be ashamed of his nationality.

March

Jos M. Cecilio, Manila, 9 March 1884

Jos M. Cecilio

Jos Rizal

Manila

News of friendsOffers his new house to RizalRecommends Ceferino de Leon, law student going
to Spain and Rizal's admirerLeonor Rivera A student orchestra.

1884

April

17

Jos M. Cecilio, Manila, 17 April 1884

Jos M. Cecilio

Jos Rizal

Manila

Ceferino de LeonHoly Week in ManilaMedical students failedCongratulates Rizal in advance on


his forthcoming graduation as a physicianMiciano criticizes Rizal's Junto al Pasig.

103

1884

June

Jos M. Cecilio, Manila, 9 June 1884

Jos M. Cecilio

Jos Rizal

Manila

A literary controversy over Junto al PasigValentin Bautista defends himNews of friends.

104

1884

June

Mariano Catigbac, Lipa, 27 June 1884

Mariano Catigbac

Jos Rizal

Lipa

105

1884

June

28

Rizal, Madrid, 28 June

1884

Jos Rizal

Parents and brothers

Madrid

Rizal's graduation as physicianReceived congratulationsBrilliant examination at the Universidad


Central.

106

1884

August

29

Rizal, Madrid, 29 August 1884

Jos Rizal

Parents and brothers

Madrid

Asks his family if they want him to enroll for the doctorate in medicineThe cost of the course
Swindling of a young Filipino at Madrid.

107

1884

August

Jos M. Cecilio, Manila, 31 August 1884

Jos M. Cecilio

Jos Rizal

Manila

Rizal's speech at the banquet at Madrid in honor of the Filipino painters, Juan Luna and Felix R.
Hidalgo favorably commented in ManilaLeonor Rivera againAs a writer Rizal is assured of
immortality

108

1884

September

Jos M. Cecilio, Manila, 30 September 1884

Jos M. Cecilio

Jos Rizal

Manila

Receipt of copies of the review Los Dos Mundos in which Rizal's speech is published Paciano,
Rizal's brother, complains of poor mail serviceIs Rizal going to study law, now that he is already a
physician?Knowledge of law and languages is importantFelipe Zamora inquires about Rizal's
books

109

1884

November

Paciano Rizal, Calamba, 5 November 1884

Paciano Rizal

Jos Rizal

Calamba

Local comments on Rizal's speech at the Luna and Resurreccion Hidalgo banquetTheir effect on his
otherLow price of sugarBad timesRizal's family homestead almost burnt downRizal asks
permission to study in GermanyThe new parish priest and his sense of humor.

110

1884

November

16

Rizal, Madrid, 16 November 1884

Jos Rizal

Parents and brothers

Madrid

Dark future for Philippine sugarSpain seeking a market for sugar in the United StatesRizal
wishes to return home to save his family more sacrificesHe wants to work and help the family.

111

1884

November

26

Rizal, Madrid, 26 November 1884

Jos Rizal

Parents and brothers

Madrid

Reiterates his desire to return home soonHe does not need the doctorate, inasmuch as he has no
hope of getting a professorshipWould like to study some trades and visit famous clinics in
opthalmologyHuge demonstration of liberal studentsThe police attacks the University
Bloodshed in the university buildingResignation of the rectorRizal criticizes the new rectorHe
would not want his diploma to be signed by him.

112

1884

December

11

Teodora Alonso, Manila, 11 December 1884

Teodora Alonso

Jos Rizal

Manila

Don't meddle in things that can give me displeasures," says the mother"Don't fail in your duties as
a true Christian; at times knowledge leads us to perdition." A little note from Leonor (Taimis).

113

1884

December

17

Jos Rizal

Parents and brothers

Madrid

The student agitation worseningDecline of Philippine sugar tradeRizal is not receiving his
allowanceHis expenses.

114

[1885]

Rizal, [1885]

Jos Rizal

Rizal assures his mother of his prudenceHe prefers to live in obscurityHe trusts in GodHe
believes in the fundamental principles of the Catholic religion.

115

[1885]

Rizal, [1885?]

Jos Rizal

Rizal suggests the abandonment of costly but useless feastsFilipino women are less advanced than
the menHe is worried about the evil consequences of fanatism The older generation is beginning
to support the youngerRizal's impression of the culture of Europeans.

Rizal,

Madrid,

17

December

1884

Summary

Dr. Zamora sends a draft to Rizal to pay for books, subscriptions, and music sheets.

Leonor Rivera is languishingVilla-Abrille speaks well of RizalAdvices Rizal to make the most of
his opportunity to studyHis family is behind himReceives Spanish papers sent by RizalHe
believes Rizal is destined to soar

Complete list of Jos Rizal's correspondence


Number

Year

Month

116

[1885]

117

1885

January

118

1885

119

Day

Title

From

Rizal, [Madrid, 1885]

Jos Rizal

Paciano Rizal, Calamba, 1 January 1885

Paciano Rizal

January

Jos M. Cecilio, Manila, 9 January 1885

1885

April

18

120

1885

April

121

1885

122

To

Location

Summary

[Madrid]

He is uncomplainingWould like to earn his living to cease being a burden to his familyDifficulty of
obtaining employment in SpainPolitics controls everything Manual work is considered
humiliatingthough a Spanish subject, Rizal regards himself as a foreigner in SpainIn financial
straits he may be obliged with regret to sell his ring and booksWould rather go home then than
later.

Jos Rizal

Calamba

Paciano is against Rizal's return He may establish himself at Hong Kong Try to get some kind
of employment Paciano asks for data on beet sugar in Europe Write to our parents things that
will please them, he advises Rizal.

Jos M. Cecilio

Jos Rizal

Manila

Rivalry over Rizal continuesPresident of the Section of Literature and Languages at Universidad
Central de MadridNews about ginsRizal's graduationGracio Gonzaga admires Rizal's homage to
Luna and Hidalgo published in Los Dos MunaosRegrets that Rizal will not study law.

Jos M. Cecilio, Manila, 18 April 1885

Jos M. Cecilio

Jos Rizal

Manila

Love affairsWhich of the two Leonor would you choose? Rizal asksReply: Leonor RiveraQuarrel
between Ariston Bautista and six Spaniards.

25

Silvestre Ubaldo, Albay, 25 April 1885

Silvestre Ubaldo

Jos Rizal

Albay

Ubaldo wants to be assigned to CalambaHe asks Rizal to write to Father Faura about it.

June

12

Olimpia Rizal, Albay, 12 June 1885

Olimpia Rizal

Jos Rizal

Albay

She asks Rizal to work for her husband's transfer to Calamba to be near her parents.

1885

July

16

Manuel T. Hidalgo, Calamba, 16 July 1885

Manuel T. Hidalgo

Jos Rizal

Calamba

123

[1885]

[July]

[16]

Saturnina Rizal, [Calamba, 16 July 1885]

Saturnina Rizal

Jos Rizal

[Calamba]

124

1885

July

16

Paciano Rizal, Calamba, 16 July 1885

Paciano Rizal

Jos Rizal

Calamba

125

1885

July

30

Rizal, Madrid, 30 July 1885

Jos Rizal

Parents

Madrid

He would like to serve as physician in Spanish towns infested with cholera or travel in France,
Switzerland, or HollandAwaiting parental consent.

126

1885

August

11

Rizal to Mr. Mariano Rincon, Madrid, 11 August 1885

Jos Rizal

Mariano Rincon

Madrid

Rizal sympathizes with a Spaniard of long residence in the PhilippinesThe Filipinos remember only
kindnessThey easily forget insultsRizal enjoys hearing from those who had been in his country.

127

1885

August

26

Silvestre Ubaldo, Albay, 26 August 1885

Silvestre Ubaldo

Jos Rizal

Albay

Letters of recommendation to Barrantes and Father Faura regarding his transfer to CalambaNews
about relatives in Albay.

128

1885

September

10

Paciano Rizal, Calamba, 10 September 1885

Paciano Rizal

Jos Rizal

Calamba

129

1885

September

13

Silvestre Ubaldo, Albay, 13 September 1885

Silvestre Ubaldo

Jos Rizal

Albay

Father Faura replies sharplyHe is disgusted with Rizal and Ubaldo.

130

1885

September

30

Jos M. Cecilio, Manila, 30 September 1885

Jos M. Cecilio

Jos Rizal

Manila

Fashion magazine for LeonorAn opinion on Paterno's novel NinayLeonor chosen?News of love
affairs in ManilaRizal, Licentiate in Medicine and in Philosophy and LettersApproaching fiestas.

131

1885

October

Rizal, Madrid, 1 October 1885

Jos Rizal

Parents

Madrid

Rizal plans to go to Germany where the cost of living is lower than in EnglandValentin Ventura
sends him moneyThe German language would be useful"Our duty is to love our country..."

132

1885

October

Ceferino de Lon, Madrid, 9 October 1885

Ceferino de Lon

Jos Rizal

Madrid

The Filipinos at Madrid congratulate Rizal, who was then at Paris, on his article published at
Barcelona

133

1885

October

29

Ceferino de Leon, Madrid, 29 October 1885

Ceferino de Leon

Jos Rizal

Madrid

De Leon receives Rizal's financial helpGrateful to RizalRizal on his way to Paris.

134

[1885]

October or
November

Ceferino de Leon, Madrid, Oct. or Nov. 1885?

Ceferino de Leon

Jos Rizal

Madrid

Box of books sent to Rizal.

Rizal resents not having received letters from his brothersFamily news.
Sends Rizal P100 for the doctorateFamily newsAdvises Rizal to study obstetricsWill send him a
picture of her son Alfredo.
Rizal complains of the irregularity of the remittance of his allowanceHe will go to Germany or
England to study opthalmologySomething on the management of the Calamba EstateThere are
crises and hunger but the splendor of the religious processions is unabated.

They send him moneyPrice of sugar is fairly good.

Complete list of Jos Rizal's correspondence


Number

Year

Month

Day

Title

From

To

Location

Summary

135

1885

November

27

Paciano Rizal, Calamba, 27 November 1885

Paciano Rizal

Jos Rizal

Calamba

Why he was against Rizal's trip to ParisRizal sends an image of Christ and a chess set to his family
A letter of Rizal that made his mother shed tearsSale of Rizal's chestnut horseLow price of
sugarPaciano always an optimist.

136

1885

December

Rizal, Paris, 4 December 1885

Jos Rizal

Parents

Paris

Rizal is registered at Dr. Wecker's clinicLearning much about eye diseases Dr. Wecker esteems
Rizal and invites him to his house.

137

1885

December

19

Ceferino de Leon, Madrid, 19 December 1885

Ceferino de Leon

Jos Rizal

Madrid

Preparing another New Year banquet at Madrid, but the Tagalogs have no moneyRegards from
GovantesAsks for news of the Filipino colony at Paris Orders a French novel.

138

[1886]

To a Relative

139

1886

Felipe Zamora, Manila, 1886

Felipe Zamora

Jos Rizal

Manila

Dr. Zamora advises Rizal's parents not to let him return to the PhilippinesWith his vast
knowledge he would be mistrustedIf he insists on coming home, he should first change his
nationality

140

1886

January

Rizal, Paris, 1 January 1886

Jos Rizal

Parents

Paris

141

1886

January

Ceferino de Lon, Madrid, 2 January 1886

Ceferino de Lon

Jos Rizal

Madrid

142

[1886]

[February]

[2]

Lucia Rizal, [Calamba, 2 February 1886]

Lucia Rizal

Jos Rizal

Calamba

Many banditsGay novenaStudy painless childbirthCome home soon.

143

1886

February

Mariano Herbosa, Calamba, 2 February 1886

Mariano Herbosa

Jos Rizal

Calamba

Family newsDeath of JoseMilling seasonGood price for sugarRising land rent.

144

1886

February

Rizal, Heidelberg, 7 February 1886

Jos Rizal

Maria Rizal

Heidelberg

German and French housekeepingThe dining room must be gay, attractive, and pleasantSuitable
decorations for the dining room Table arrangement.

145

1886

February

Jos Rizal

Parents and brothers

Heidelberg

Rizal's arrival at HeidelbergThe German studentStudent duels and associationsImpressions of


Heidelberg.

146

1886

February

14

Ceferino de Leon

Jos Rizal

Madrid

Receives Rizal's letter from StrassburgAbout the Filipino colony in Madrid Asks Rizal to tell him
about the German people.

147

1886

February

[26]

Jos Rizal

Parents and brothers

Heidelberg

148

1886

February

27

Narcisa Rizal, Calamba, 27 February 1886

Narcisa Rizal

Jos Rizal

Calamba

149

1886

March

Pablo Ortiga y Rey, Madrid, 2 March 1886

Pablo Ortiga y Rey

Jos Rizal

Madrid

Two letters from Rizal at Paris and HeidelbergPaintings of Luna and HidalgoSpoliarium
Germany, the country of fantastic tales and tradition

150

1886

March

Ceferino de Lon, Madrid, 2 March 1886

Ceferino de Lon

Jos Rizal

Madrid

He deplores the lack of fellowship among the Filipinos at Madrid since Rizal leftCalls the German
students' duel "semi-barbaricA painting-Spoliarum-by Juan Luna bought by the government of
Barcelona

151

1886

March

11

Rizal, Germany, 11 March 1886

Jos Rizal

Trinidad Rizal

Germany

152

1886

March

11

Rizal, Heidelberg, 11 March 1886

Jos Rizal

Parents and brothers

Heidelberg

153

1886

March

19

Ceferino de Leon, Madrid, 19 March 1886

Ceferino de Leon

Jos Rizal

Madrid

154

1886

March

20

Rizal, Heidelberg, 20 March 1886

Jos Rizal

Parents and brothers

Heidelberg

Rizal,

Heidelberg, 9

February

1886

Ceferino de Leon, Madrid, 14 February 1886

Rizal,

Heidelberg, 26(?) February 1886

Christmas in ParisA pair of Grecian vases painted by RizalGood behavior of French childrenThe
mansion of Dr. WeckerRizal is going to Germany where there are very good professors Already
writes French as he does SpanishHe already can perform all kinds of eye operations Winter in
ParisEye operations by Dr. WeckerPardo de Tavera family at Paris Rizal wrote the illustrated
story of the monkey and the turtle in Paz Pardo de Tavera's album.
On 31 December was held the traditional banquet of the Filipinos at MadridRizal's absence was
notedHis letter of adhesion was read In every speech of the Filipinos there was a toast
dedicated to the absent RizalThe speeches of Llorente, Lete, Lopez Jaena, and Evaristo Aguirre
were very good

Rizal attending Dr. Otto Becker's Augen KlinikIllumination of the castleA tour of the castleRizal
continues to study German.
Family affairs"I should like you to become a master oculist"

Impression of German women Advice to his sister Read and read attentively Knowledge
should be the principal adornment of women.
Winter in HeidelbergContinues studying opthalmology and German The FackelzugCarnival
He practices at the hospital, but he would like to return to Paris to Dr. Wecker's clinic.

Greetings on his Saint's DayLoss of personal effectsInquires about Rizal's plans.

Spring at HeidelbergRapid progress in the study of German.

Complete list of Jos Rizal's correspondence


Number

Year

Month

Day

Title

From

To

Location

Summary

155

1886

April

24

Rizal, Heidelberg, 24 April 1886

Jos Rizal

Pastor Ullmer

Heidelberg

To Pastor UllmerRizal goes to Wilhelmsfeld to learn how to speak good GermanHe would like to
lodge in Pastor Ullmer's house.

156

1886

May

Jos M. Cecilio, Manila, May 1886

Jos M. Cecilio

Jos Rizal

Manila

157

1886

May

23

Paciano Rizal, Calamba, 23 May 1886

Paciano Rizal

Jos Rizal

Calamba

158

1886

May

28

Ceferino de Lon, Madrid, 28 May 1886

Ceferino de Lon

Jos Rizal

Madrid

159

1886

June

Jos Rizal

Parents and brothers

Wilhelmsfeld

160

1886

June

21

Ceferino de Leon, Madrid, 21 June 1886

Ceferino de Leon

Jos Rizal

Madrid

161

1886

June

26

Rizal, Heidelberg, 26 June 1886

Jos Rizal

Pastor Ullmer

Heidelberg

162

1886

July

Ceferino de Leon, Madrid, 7 July 1886

Ceferino de Leon

Jos Rizal

Madrid

163

1886

July

11

Silvestre Ubaldo, Calamba, 11 July 1886

Silvestre Ubaldo

Jos Rizal

Calamba

164

1886

July

14

F. Zeferenz and E. Arnirum, 14 July 1886

F. Zeferenz and E.
Arnirum

Jos Rizal

Heidelberg

165

1886

July

18

Paciano Rizal, Calamba, 18 July 1886

Paciano Rizal

Jos Rizal

Calamba

166

1886

July

31

Rizal, Heidelberg, 31 July 1886

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Heidelberg

167

1886

August

16

Rizal, Leipzig, 16 August 1886

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Leipzig

Gift of two books from Blumentritt At his service in regard to Tagalog His knowledge can be of
use to him as much as the grammars of the friars He could send Blumentritt works of more value
than those published by Spanish travelers He who does not know his own language...

168

1886

August

22

Rizal, Leipzig, 22 August 1886

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Leipzig

Rizal wants to meet KernAnd to buy books in ViennaHe will study Dutch because the Dutch
have written much about us"The friars Worldly and heavenly riches"For our estate they would
give us heavenly ones." If Blumentritt could study life in our villagesChristianity is more grand
and sublime in Europe Catholicism is more beautiful than Protestantism.

169

1886

August

27

Paciano Rizal, Calamba, 27 August 1886

Paciano Rizal

Jos Rizal

Calamba

He inquires about the cost of printing a work in LeipzigHe wants to sell Rizal's horse for P250
Locust infestation.

170

[1886]

[August]

[29]

Lucia Rizal [Calamba, 29 August 1886]

Lucia Rizal

Jos Rizal

Calamba

Family news Longing for his return.

171

1886

August

29

Mariano Herbosa, Calamba, 29 August 1886

Mariano Herbosa

Jos Rizal

Calamba

Family news Onerous system of taxation and rentals A receipt which is not a receipt Locusts
Rizal's father will send him money for the doctorate and purchase of medical instruments
Patients waiting for Rizal.

172

1886

September

15

Evaristo Aguirre, Madrid, 15 September 1886

Evaristo Aguirre

Jos Rizal

Madrid

Thanks Rizal for a copy of La llustracion of Barcelona containing Rizal's article on Juan Luna
Grateful for Rizal's good opinion of his speech at the December 1885 banquetBarcelona newspaper
published Rizal's article Rizal pleased with Aguirre's speech at the banquet of December 1885
Rizal is translating Wilhelm Tell into Tagalog

173

1886

September

26

Evaristo Aguirre, Madrid, 26 September 1886

Evaristo Aguirre

Jos Rizal

Madrid

Unity among the Filipinos is imperative for the triumph of their cause Will send Rizal copies of
newspapers containing Articles on the Philippines Noli me tangereNeed of undertaking a
campaign in the Philippines to awaken the people Sends Rizal sketches of Fort Santiago and
Bilibid Villaruz, Filipino student of engineering from Capiz

Rizal, Wilhelmsfeld, 9 June 1886

Leonor remains in DagupanMore news about friendsAsks Rizal for a favor.


He sends him moneyPaciano is planning to abandon PansolAsks Rizal to send him a remedy for
malaria.
Rizal's ring is still at the pawnshop, PalacioCeferino de Len plans to visit Paris
Rizal has received neither money nor letters from homeWould like to go home and help the family
In Europe postal employees are honest.
Financial difficulties of Rizal.
Rizal's difficulty in changing Spanish moneyHe is grateful for the kindness of Pastor Ullmer's
family.
No occurrence in the Madrid colonyHe is determined to spend summer at Paris.

Family news Olimpia received a letter from Rizal.


The German Chess Club notifies Rizal of his admission as member of the club. This letter is
published in Spanish in Retana's Vida y escritos del Dr. Jos Rizal, (Madrid 1907) page 104, Rizal is
mistakenly addressed as "law student".
Description of the Calamba fiesta Rizal is advised to study hydro-therapy.
Rizal compliments Blumenritt with a copy of Rufino Baltazar Hernndez, Aritmtica, written in
Tagalog and Spanish

Complete list of Jos Rizal's correspondence


Number

Year

Month

Day

Title

From

To

Location

Summary

174

1886

October

Rizal, Leipzig, 2 October 1886

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Leipzig

Tagalog version of Schiller's dramaWorks of Meyer in Bibliotheca Philippina "Everything


referring to my native country interests me greatly."On the Igorrotes of Dr. Hans MeyerIn order
to learn the secret of German verbs'To sit once at your table is enough honor for me."

175

1886

October

12

Rizal, Leipzig, 12 October 1886

Jos Rizal

Paciano Rizal (Brother)

Leipzig

Rizal's Tagalog version of Wilhelm TellReform of Tagalog Orthography Estimated cost of printing
Noli Me Tngere.

176

1886

October

21

Mximo Viola, Barcelona, 21 October 1886

Mximo Viola

Jos Rizal

Barcelona

Medical student Viola reports on the cost of printing Noli me tangere Inquires about traveling in
GermanyHe has met Antonio Luna

177

1886

October

24

Evaristo Aguirre, Madrid, 24 October 1886

Evaristo Aguirre

Jos Rizal

Madrid

Financial difficulties in the printing of Noli Bitter comments on a projected exposition in 1887
Mechiavellian spirit of domination and exploitation France and GermanyTranslation of William
Tell, tries of Andersen, and Faust of Goethe Ventura witnessed a deplorable incident at the Cafe
Suizo in Manila

178

1886

November

Rizal, Berlin, 2 November 1886

Jos Rizal

Pastor Ullmer

Berlin

Rizal informs Pastor Ullmer of his arrival at BerlinHe likes Berlin better than Leipzig.

179

1886

November

Rizal, Berlin, 4 November 1886

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Berlin

Visit to the Anthropological and Ethnographic Museum of DresdenDr. Meyer was affable towards
Rizal.

180

1886

November

11

Jos Rizal

Manuel T. Hidalgo and


Saturnina Rizal de
Hidalgo

Berlin

Rizal visiting schools and churches so that he can bring home the best he can find abroad
Christmas celebration in EuropeComparative education of children and its results.

181

1886

November

14

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 14 November 1886

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

Old Books on the Philippines at the Royal Library of Berlinhe works of Morga and CombesIsabelo
de los Reyes.

182

1886

November

22

Jos M. Cecilio, Manila, 22 November 1886

Jos M. Cecilio

Jos Rizal

Manila

He recieves a letter from Rizal written at LeipzigCongratulates Rizal on his knowledge of German
Considers Rizal lucky for his God-given talents Wishes him glory News of mutual friends

183

1886

November

22

Rizal, Berlin, 22 November 1886

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Berlin

Waitz, Anthropology of Primitive PeoplesUnity of the human race Translation of Schiller's and
Andersen's stories sent to his nephewI will make use of the Royal Library for the study of the
history of my native country Chamisso's work and his adventure with a friarWe are like two
blind and deaf men: We converse without seeing or hearing each other." An exhibition of Igorots
at the Zoological Garden in Madrid

184

1886

November

23

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 23 November 1886

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

185

1886

November

28

Rizal, Berlin, 28 November 1886

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Berlin

Rizal's translation of the Ethnography of Mindanao Rizal's' map Remembrances of the Ateneo
Those were happy days.... Rizal will publish a geography textbookAs an explanatory work on
the Malayans Foreigners pay more attention to the study of the Philippines than the Filipinos
themselvesBlumentritt's writings in SpanishTiruray language He will translate Waitz
Humboldt's work is admirableRizal will visit the scholars Virchow and Jagor An ethnographic
picture.

186

1886

November

29

Silvestre Ubaldo, Manila, 29 November 1886

Silvestre Ubaldo

Jos Rizal

Manila

Allowance and money for the NoliDon't come home before receiving Paciano's letter.

187

1886

December

Rizal, Berlin, 3 December 1886

Jos Rizal

Teodora Alonzo

Berlin

Rizal tells his mother about his religious beliefsHis concept of GodJob was not a patient man
contrary to popular belief Family
customs.

188

1886

December

Paciano Rizal, Calamba, 8 December 1886

Paciano Rizal

Jos Rizal

Calamba

189

1886

December

Rizal, Berlin, 9 December 1886

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Berlin

Rizal praised for his geography workBlumentritt's picture in his albumIn order to find it among
his pleasant memories The hero's autoportrait Rizal with young Moret will pay a call on
Professors Jagor and Virchow

190

1886

December

24

Rizal, Berlin, 24 December 1886

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Berlin

Feverish, no sun and wintry wind Another admirer of Blumentritt Rizal with Viola and young
Moret on Christmas eveGreetingsChristmas tree At Manila midnight supper with the family
The Belen with the Child JesusThe best season in the PhilippinesMr. Schuchardt's workThe
other pieces re aegri somniInstead of Kopfiager, "head-cutters" Translation of Waitz partly
finished

191

1886

December

25

Rizal, Berlin, 25 December 1886

Jos Rizal

Teodora Alonzo

Berlin

Rizal celebrates christmas for being the birthday of a great man who first proclaimed the equality of
menHe dreams of his mother oftenRizal sees General Moltke walking unattended in the park
How different from petty colonial officials!

Rizal, Berlin, 11

November 1886

Schiller and AndersenMalays and Malayan languagesJagor and Virchow

Paciano is against Rizal's immediate returnHe advises him to await the verdict on his novel, Noli
Me Tngere Rizal's Tagalog translation of William Tell is not very idiomaticThe new parish priest
leads an exemplary lifeAbuses of the civil guard.

Complete list of Jos Rizal's correspondence


Number

Year

Month

Day

Title

From

To

Location

Summary

192

1886

December

30

Rizal, Berlin, 30 December 1886

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Berlin

Sinapism and sudorificagainst torticollisMeaning of race, nation, tribe, clan, caste Viola wants to
meet BlumentrittA gift of a cigar box Seeing still strong old men like the emperor, Moltke, and
Bismarck, Rizal longed to see his father reach advanced age also.

193

[1887]

Enrique Rogers, Barcelona, [1887?]

Enrique Rogers

Jos Rizal

Barcelona

Rogers, of Spanish parentage, is impressed by the Noli The few who have read it are enthusiastic

194

1887

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 1887

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

A provision of the Penal code against Indios and Mestizos.

195

[1887]

Manuel T. Hidalgo, [Manila, 1887?]

Manuel T. Hidalgo

Jos Rizal

[Manila]

Rizal's family is persecuted Rizal's father was evicted from his house
"Our objective is the welfare of the country..." He advises Rizal not to come home.
Translation of the EthnographyOur race is not like that described by Fr. San Agustin, Canamaque,
and othersGerman and English scholars judge us fairly We can improve ourselves through
education Unhappy news "I'm consoled thinking that there is a God who, sooner or later, will
know how to avenge us." A brutal case in a Manila cafNegligence at the Spanish LegationThe
great anthropologist Virchow jesting with our heroRizal among professors and scholars in the
Ethnographic Society

196

1887

January

12

Rizal, Berlin, 12 January 1887

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Berlin

197

1887

January

24

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 24 January 1887

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

198

1887

January

26

Rizal, Berlin, 26 January 1887

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Berlin

Rizal admires Dr. Pardo de Tavera for his knowledge of SanskritHe would discover more Sanskrit
words in TagalogPerfect agreement on Philippine independence Peaceful struggle is a dream
Spain will never learn the lesson of her former South American coloniesWe only ask for greater
attention, better education, good government, and representatives Rizal, member of the
Ethnographic Society

199

1887

January

31

Evaristo Aguirre (Cauit) Madrid, 31 January 1887

Evaristo Aguirre

Jos Rizal

Madrid

Hoping Rizal's chest ailment is not seriousCondemnation of the projected Philippine exposition
Traditional banquet on 31 December not worthily celebratedRegrets lack of unity among the
Filipinos at Madrid

200

1887

February

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 4 February 1887

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

201

1887

February

Rizal, Berlin, 7 February 1887

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Berlin

202

1887

February

16

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 16 February 1887

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

203

1887

February

17

Evaristo Aguirre (Cauit) Madrid, 17 February 1887

Evaristo Aguirre

Jos Rizal

Madrid

He sends Rizal issues of El Liberal in which Quioquiap's anti-Filipino articles appearGraciano Lopez
Jaena's reply

204

1887

February

21

Rizal, Berlin, 21 February 1887

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Berlin

Two articles by Rizal: A defense of the Philippines and another an attack on her detractorSpain
and not the Filipinos should wish the Hispanization of the countryIf Blumentritt could go to the
Philippines.

205

1887

March

Rizal, Berlin, 5 March 1887

Jos Rizal

Berlin

In Rizal's notebook Clinica is found this draft of a letter in French, following a French composition
entitled Essai sur Pierre Corneille, dated Berlin, 5 March 1887. It has no addressee. Here he explains
the nature and character of his novel Noli me tangere

206

1887

March

Paciano Rizal, Calamba, 6 March 1887

Paciano Rizal

Jos Rizal

Calamba

Another P1,000 for expenses and printing of the bookUntil the town fiesta, God and the civil
guard willing.

207

1887

March

Graciano Lpez Jaena, Madrid, 6 March 1887

Graciano Lpez
Jaena

Jos Rizal

Madrid

He appreciates highly Rizal's congratulations on his articleLete, editor of Espana en Filipinas)


Criticizes the policy of the new publicationHe and Ceferino de Leon are not on its staff

208

1887

March

Rizal, Berlin, 9 March 1887

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Berlin

Rizal in search of a climate favorable to his healthHe does not know where to goIn his blood is
the wanderungslust (strong desire for wandering) of the Malayans.

209

1887

March

10

Evaristo Aguirre (Cauit) Madrid, 10 March 1887

Evaristo Aguirre

Jos Rizal

Madrid

Cautions about the novelDr. Pardo de TaveraLa GuardiaQuioquiap A Filipino newspaper in


Madrid: Espaa en FilipinasIts personnel Graciano's oppositionAttempt to sow dissidence
among the Filipinos in Spain All should regard themselves Filipinos, regardless of color

"Smoking is my passion"A book by Pardo de Tavera

Copies of Globu
Busy with clinical research Deputy La Guardia pleads for a representative for the Philippines at the
CongressRizal, member of the Anthropological Society and fellow of the Geographic Society
Blumentritt in poor health.
Two works of Montano on the PhilippinesA military expedition to Mindanao

Complete list of Jos Rizal's correspondence


Number

Year

Month

Day

Title

From

To

Location

Summary

210

1887

March

15

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 15 March 1887

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

211

1887

March

15

Maria Rizal, Biang, 15 March 1887

Maria Rizal

Jos Rizal

Biang

Maria tells her brother about her marriage and her husband.

212

1887

March

16

Graciano Lpez Jaena, Madrid, 16 March 1887

Graciano Lpez
Jaena

Jos Rizal

Madrid

Why they deny us representation in the CortesOpposition of the friars Nothing can be expected
from the Spanish governmentThe mestizos are responsible for lack of union Criticism of Espaa
en FilipinasWe will follow you to glory or to the abyss

213

1887

March

16

Rizal, Berlin, 16 March 1887

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Berlin

Historico-philogical explanation of the word KatalonanSuch a term has never existed in the
Tagalog lexiconAn error which has become accepted as truth by dint of writers copying one
anotherPure Tagalog words have no o in the middleIt is used only at the end of the expression
and it is ou Spanish pronunciation introduced o into Tagalog words.

214

1887

March

21

Rizal, Berlin, 21 March 1887

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Berlin

Nostalgic, Rizal longs to go homeHe uses "k" instead of "c" in Tagalog orthographyHe submits
his first book to the critical judgment of Blumentritt"On the social and political status of the
Philippines "Here I answer all the false concepts written against us." "and all the insults against
the race." Rizal was assaulted one night for not having saluted an officer of the civil guard

215

1887

March

27

Mariano Herbosa, Calamba, 27 March 1887

Mariano Herbosa

Jos Rizal

Calamba

Good family newsAsks Rizal to be his son's baptismal sponsor.

216

[1887]

[March]

[27]

Lucia Rizal, [Calamba, Laguna, 27 March 1887]

Lucia Rizal

Jos Rizal

Calamba

Announces the birth of her seventh child Asks Rizal for rules for childcare.

217

1887

March

27

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 27 March 1887

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

Acknowledges receipt of Rizal's book.

218

1887

March

27

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 27 March 1887

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

He congratulates him on his novel The word filibustero A prophecy of Blumentritt, about Rizal
About the word Bathala.

219

1887

March

29

Rizal, Berlin, 29 March 1887

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Leitmeritz

Optimism and hope Better concept of myself Blumentritt's opinion on the merits of the Noli
Encouragement from Reiss and Hidalgo "Pages full of truth and love of county." Riedel's
Tagalog Meaning of filibustero, pirata, and sospechoso Philological explanation of Bathala A
derivation of the Sanskrit Bhattara like the Hari = king? Did Bathal disappear because of
Christianity?

220

1887

March

31

Olimpia Rizal, Manila, 31 March 1887

Olimpia Rizal

Jos Rizal

Calamba

221

1887

April

Evaristo Aguirre, Madrid, 1 April 1887

Evaristo Aguirre

Jos Rizal

Madrid

He regrets Lopez Jaena's hurry in informing Rizal of dissension among the Filipinos Lopez Jaena
resents he was not chosen editor of the publication Espaa en Filipinas He is glad Rizal is pleased
with the review

222

1887

April

13

Rizal, Berlin, 13 April 1887

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Berlin

In order to know more about our history one has to go to German museums and read German
books Rizal in favor of Philippine studies Nosce te ipsum How many obstacles to the Penal
Code! To clear the forest of its brambles and briers Youth should not be devoted to love or to
static sciences To sacrifice something on the altar of Politics How Barrantes goes too far
Freed prisoners Blumentritt should write our history.

223

1887

April

24

Rizal, Berlin, 24 April 1887

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Berlin

The return home "To leave Berlin when now it pleases me most ...." Rizal's father is anxious to
see him Sorry to leave Europe "I'll be more useful in my country . . . " Bids Blumentritt
farewell "To admire Berlin in spring. . . " "If I could receive periodicals, I would not feel there
as if banished from my scientific mother country." The catechisms of Weber "In Manila only
pleasant things are read, utile dulcissimo!

224

1887

April

27

Rizal, Berlin, 27 April 1887

Jos Rizal

Paciano Rizal

Berlin

225

1887

May

Antonio Regidor, Europe, 3 May 1887

Antonio Regidor

Jos Rizal

Europe

226

1887

May

4&5

Rizal, Berlin, 4-5 May 1887

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Berlin

What is Catalonan?

Family newsLonging for his return.

Regidor comments on the does not know "Fr. Damaso"? Noli Who Comments on "Capitan
Tiago, Old Tasio, Fr. Salvi, the 'good chap' Don Primitivo, the 'learned' Fr. Sibyla and Maria Clara"
Critic of the first order What the Filipinos lack are union, energy, decision, and constancy
Visits Blumentritt LeitmeritzWill stop at the Hotel Krebs Postscript Swoboda and the
young Casal

Complete list of Jos Rizal's correspondence


Number

Year

Month

Day

Title

From

To

Location

Summary

227

1887

May

10

Rizal to Pastor Ullmer, Berlin, 10 May 1887

Jos Rizal

Pastor Ullmer

Berlin

Rizal tells his kind German friend Pastor Ullmer of his travel itinerary He sends him his picture.

228

1887

May

15

Evaristo Aguirre, Madrid, 15 May 1887

Evaristo Aguirre

Jos Rizal

Madrid

A post card written in Chabacano, the pidgin Spanish used in some parts of the Philippine

229

1887

May

19

Rizal, Brunn, 19 May 1887

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Brunn

Dr. Willkomm's daughters Rizal's talent praised in a Prague newspaper "What have I done to
deserve the sympathy of such kind souls?" Rizal has wept so much for the Mother Country
Magnificent farewell of Europe An omen of sad days to come? Happiness is always followed by
misfortune In defense of slandered fellow countrymen Reward for the cause of truth.

230

1887

May

20

Rizal, Vienna, 20 May 1887

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Vienna

Arrival at Vienna Recommended calls.

231

1887

May

23

Jos M. Cecilio, Manila, 23 May 1887

Jos M. Cecilio

Jos Rizal

Manila

Rizal's Noli me tangere received with enthusiasm Highly praised Comparable to Cervantes' Don
Quijote de la Mancha Tomas del Rosario is ready to defend it, if it attacked He suggests a way
of introducing it into the Philippines Manuel Rodriguez Arias owner of Agencial Editorial at Manila,
would be a good distributor Encourages Rizal to continue writing Asks Rizal to explain the use
of the "K" in Tagalog

232

1887

May

24

Rizal, Vienna, 24 May 1887

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Vienna

At the Vienna Museum Nordmann resembles Rizal's father Poor sick Dora of the little blue eyes!
Die Tinguianen It is an honor to win recognition Interview with the Extra-Blatt reporter.

233

1887

May

26

Rizal, Salzburg, 26 May 1887

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Salzburg

234

1887

May

29

Rizal to Friedrich Ullmer, Munich, 29 May 1887

Jos Rizal

Friedrich Ullmer

Munich

Rizal replies to the letter of the son of Pastor Ullmer He has fond memories of Wilhelmsfeld and
the Ullmer hospitality.

235

1887

May

29

Rizal, Munich, 29 May 1887

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Munich

A little book for the Philippines Rizal will have his picture taken in Geneva.

236

1887

May and June

15 and 3

Evaristo Aguirre (Cauit) Madrid, 15 May and 3 June


1887

Evaristo Aguirre

Jos Rizal

Madrid

Aguirre has sold four copies of Noli me tangereApplication filed at the Ministry of Fomento at
Madrid for a permit to import the Noli Critical appreciation of the NoliThe review Espaa en
Filipinas Cauit's articles

237

1887

June

Rizal, Basel, 3 June 1887

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Basel

238

1887

June

Evaristo Aguirre, Madrid, 3 June 1887

Evaristo Aguirre

Jos Rizal

Madrid

Aguirre addresses Rizal with his pseudonym in a post card and signs it "Cauit", the name of his
natal town in Cavite Province

239

1887

June

Rizal, Geneva, 6 June 1887

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Geneva

Thinking of GermanyHis journey to "Europe, land of liberty" is about to end"To see the ancient
city of the Ceasars" Will bid Europe goodbye from MarseilleMarseille is pure prose after his
beautiful dreams of Madrid, Paris, and Germany "Even if I meet my ruin there, I have to return!"
The Igorots are already in MadridAn insult to human dignity to exhibit them together with
animals.

240

1887

June

10

Rizal, Geneva, 10 June 1887

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Geneva

Rizal will visit "Italy, mother country of European laws."Adieu to Dora Blumentritt's interesting
pamphlet on Philippine things."Upon leaving, Europe seems to me more precious." Another
political and social atmosphere in the Philippines.

241

1887

June

13

Rizal, Geneva, 13 June 1887

Jos Rizal

Fernando Canon

Geneva

Rizal lauds Canon's literary abilityConcerning the sale of Noli me tangere

242

1887

June

13

Rizal, Geneva, 13 June 1887

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Geneva

A picture for Blumentritt and another for Eberhard who entertained him in Vienna As a
remembrance.

243

1887

June

14

Evaristo Aguirre, Madrid, 14 June 1887

Evaristo Aguirre

Jos Rizal

Madrid

He is glad Rizal and Viola approve of his articleSeparation of Govantes from the reviewed Espaa
en FilipinasNew subscribers Among them the Chinese LegationLopez Jaena now collaborates
Filipinos on the board of directors of the Sociedad de Geografia Comercial His criticism of Noli me
tangere He encourages Rizal to write more booksMaginoo, title of nobility, belongs to the Paterno
family

244

1887

June

14

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 14 June 1887

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Leitmeritz

He didn't see Blumentritt's friend

He will write Willkomm and NordmannThrough rose-colored glasses.

An excursion to the mountains.

Complete list of Jos Rizal's correspondence


Number

Year

Month

Day

Title

From

To

Location

Summary

245

1887

June

19

Rizal, Geneva, 19 June 1887

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Geneva

It is not propitious to engage in premature conspiracies When there is no other remedy but seek
for our ruin in war The olive branch or the holocaust There is nothing imperishable It is im
possible to endure everything "The happiness of my country". "If the evil is only in the system
of government, I will oppose everything that may be planned against Spain." "I trust in God"
With enchanted spectacles.

246

1887

June

20

Eduardo de Lete, Madrid, 20 June 1887

Eduardo de Lete

Jos Rizal

Madrid

Advantages of having Lete in the Exposition The magazine Espaa en Filipinas has no money
Lete explains announcement of Noli me tangere His comments on the Noli

247

1887

June

21

Jos M. Cecilio, Manila, 21 June 1887

Jos M. Cecilio

Jos Rizal

Manila

Advises Rizal to stay abroad until better times His brother regrets having asked him to come
home Send thousands of copies of Noli to the Philippines Continue writing, but abroad His
friends will do all they can to spread his ideas

248

1887

June

27

Rizal, Rome, 27 June 1887

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Rome

Before the ruins of the Rome of the Caesars "My feet tread on the dust of heroes." The Capitol,
the Tarpeian Rock, the Palatinum, Forum, Ampitheatre, before the eyes of the archaeologist At
the the Capitoline Museum and the church of St. Mary Major A flower from the garden of the
palace of Septimius Severus for Blumentritt as a remembrance.

249

1887

June

29

Rizal, Rome, 29 June 1887

Jos Rizal

Francisco Rizal

Rome

Rizal announces his return to his father.

250

1887

July

Rizal, Marseille, 2 July 1887

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Marseille

251

1887

July

Rizal, On board the Djemnah, 7 July 1887

Jos Rizal

Fernando Canon

On board the
Djemnah

252

1887

July

Rizal, Mediterrenean Sea, 7 July 1887

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Mediterranean

Far from Europe Adieu "beautiful country of liberty" Field glasses lost A pecuniary loss can
relegate to oblivion a sentimental pain Advantages of a polyglot.

253

1887

July

14

Rizal, Mediterranean Sea, 14 July 1887 (Postal


Card)

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Mediterranean

Postal card.

254

1887

July

20

Rizal, en route to Manila, 20 July 1887

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

En route to Manila

Tossed by tempestuous waves I always dreamed that I remained in Europe.... Rizal wins the
sympathy of his fellow passengers as interpreters A German lover of glories of his Native Country
The Germans are a great nation but they are not first in every respect Dora and the children in
the colonies.

255

1887

July

25

Blumentritt, Leitmetritz, 25 July 1887

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

Blumentritt is very sad for not having received news of Rizal's safe arrival home and for the death of
two friends Nordmann and Labhart Painter Eysert is making a portrait of Blumentritt for Rizal.

256

1887

July

26

Rizal, Strait of Malacca, 26 July 1887

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Strait of Malacca

257

1887

July

29

Rizal, On board the Djemnah, 29 July 1887

Jos Rizal

Fernando Canon

On board the
Djemnah

258

1887

July

30

Pablo Ortiga y Rey, Madrid, 30 July 1887

Pablo Ortiga y Rey

Jos Rizal

Madrid

Infamous revenge to deny Rizal's brother-in-law burial in holy ground Becerra has proposed
abolition of Council of Overseas Colonies To progress the Philippines need justice and good
government Blumentritt's defense of Noli me tangere seems good.

259

1887

August

Vicente Jocson, Manila, 8 August 1887

Vicente Jocson

Jos Rizal

Manila

Welcome home! Offers his house on Legazpi Street, Intramuros.

260

1887

August

Felix Ma. Roxas, Manila, 9 August 1887

Felix Ma. Roxas

Jos Rizal

Manila

Eagerness to welcome Rizal home Cannot find a copy of Noli me tangere Recalls the impression
made on them by European cultureLife in Manila is monotonous

261

1887

August

24

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 24 August 1887

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

On Tagalog art of versificationBlumentritt understands RizalThe Germans believe they have a


"transparent chest"Something German? A fine type of JesuitMerit, virtues, are the foundation
of friendshipRizal in good luckOf magnetic attractionWhoever deals with him becomes his
friends Consoled by Blumentritt
To Fernando CanonPassengers represent different nationalities German, French, English,
Japanese, ChineseRizal alone can speak with them in their native tonguesThe French are
interested only in the exploitation of their colonies

Fine trip En route to the Philippines.

Rizal in a post card writes Canon about his trip

The death of John Nordmann.

Complete list of Jos Rizal's correspondence


Number

Year

Month

Day

Title

From

To

Location

Summary

262

1887

August

27

Rizal, Calamba, 27 August 1887

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Calamba

Addressed to Dr. Blumentritt the original draft of this unfinished letter in German is in the
possession of Miss Consuelo Lopez Rizal, a niece of the hero He gives an account of his arrival in
1887, his first return to his native country Already, he was a famous man Author of Noli me
tngere Physician Ophthalmologist Recognized leader of his countrymen With many
admirers as well as enemies.

263

1887

September

J. Peilifen, Barcelona, 6 September 1887

J. Peilifen

Jos Rizal

Barcelona

Blumentritt is translating into German Rizal's NoliInquires about the meaning of sinigang
mentioned in the novel Blumentritt cultivates Balaguer's friendship for the sake of RizalLa
Publicidad publishes a review of NoliMariano Ponce will also publish one.

1887

September

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 4 September 1887

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

A photo of Blumentritt for Rizal.

1887

September

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 4 September 1887

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

The translation of Noli into German.

265

1887

September

Rizal, Calamba, 5 September 1887

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Calamba

266

1887

September

23

Concepcion Leyba, Manila, 23 September 1887

Concepcion Leyba

Jos Rizal

Manila

Sorrow for the death of Olimpia Choleng (Soledad) is ill.

267

1887

September

26

Jos M. Cecilio, Manila, 26 September 1887

Jos M. Cecilio

Jos Rizal

Manila

Condolence on the death of Olimpia, Rizal's sister.

268

1887

September

26

Rizal, Calamba, 26 September 1887

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Calamba

269

1887

September

26

Soledad Rizal, Manila, 26 September 1887

Soledad Rizal

Jos Rizal

Manila

270

1887

October

18

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 18 October 1887

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

271

1887

October

18

Soledad Rizal, Manila, 18 October 1887

Soledad Rizal

Jos Rizal

Manila

272

1887

October

19

Rizal, Calamba, 19 October 1887

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Calamba

Contented with Blumentritt's letters A gymnasium hall in Calamba To diminish the people in the
cockpit and panguingue German translation of Noli by Blumentritt Did not visit Pardo who holds
government commissions In order not to soil his white gloves "with his hands stained for writing
novels." A German chauvinist is better than a man devoid of patriotism Educated compatriots
devoid of honor and shame.

273

1887

October

19

Julio Llorente, Madrid, 19 October 1887

Julio Llorente

Jos Rizal

Madrid

Llorente leaves the publication Espaa en Filipinas The Filipinos at Madrid have not done anything
to secure a permit for the importation into the Philippines of Rizal's Noli me tangere Lete has not
published a review of it

274

1887

October

29

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 29 October 1887

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

He asks for a Tagalog grammar and dictionary.

275

1887

November

14

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 14 November 1887

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

Anxiety over Rizal.

276

1887

November

15

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 15 November 1887

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

The consolation of religion The sulpakan and the flowers sent by Rizal A clay jar"Thank God
Rizal is alive!" A painting by Luna for Blumentritt.

277

1887

November

16

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 16 November 1887

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

A gift for Rizal's nephew.

278

1887

November

27

Balbino Ventura, Bacolod, Pampanga, 27 November


1887

Balbino Ventura

Jos Rizal

Bacolod, Pampanga

264

Happy passageGrand reception at homeTears of joy, ten thousand questions all at once and
laughterOh, my beautiful Motherland The Noli raised a great deal of uproar... The General
said: Your novel roused comments; it contains subversive ideas; I wish to read it... If you don't
receive a letter from me, something must have happened to me. Returning perhaps to my
adopted country.

Cigarettes and flowers the sulpakn (lighter) invented by RizalIts mechanism Death of his
sister Olimpia due to childbirthThe little orphans The Pasiam Gold coins of ancient Filipinos
buried in a clay jar.
Regrets Olimpia's death.
Joy on receiving letter of RizalRizal asks for children's stories Rizal is regarded with suspicion on
his own countryA letter of Minister Balaguer.
Concerning a book and a diplomaSoledad asks for her mourning clothes.

Rizal's parents would not allow Rizal to go to PampangaReiterates his invitation to Rizal Would
like to read Noli me tangere

Complete list of Jos Rizal's correspondence


Number

Year

Month

Day

Title

From

To

Location

Summary

279

1887

December

Rizal, Calamba, 3 December 1887

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Calamba

280

1887

December

13

Pedro Serrano Laktaw, Manila, 13 December 1887

Pedro Serrano
Laktaw

Jos Rizal

Manila

281

1888

Valentin Ventura, Paris, 1888?

Valentin Ventura

Jos Rizal

Paris

282

[1888]

Rizal, [Hong Kong, 1888]

Jos Rizal

Soledad Rizal

[Hong Kong]

283

1888

Pedro Serrano Laktaw, Manila, 1888

Pedro Serrano
Laktaw

Jos Rizal

Manila

284

1888

February

Rizal, Hong Kong, 9 February 1888

Jos Rizal

Pedro Paterno

Hong Kong

285

1888

February

10

Rizal, Hong Kong, 10 February 1888

Jos Rizal

Parents and brothers

Hong Kong

286

[1888]

[February]

15

"A friar", Manila, 15 February 1888?

A friar

Jos Rizal

Manila

An anonymous letter, signed "A Friar" calls Rizal ungrateful It expresses the well-known attitude
of the Friars toward the educated Filipinos The MS is damaged.

287

1888

February

16

Rizal, Hong Kong, 16 February 1888

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Calamba

Left the native land sickFreed from the tyrannical censorRizal's odysseyIn danger of being
locked up in a dungeon Persecuted by the friarsDenunciation of secret meetings on top of a hill
"I exile myself to save friends from deportation."

288

1888

February

16

Rizal, Hong Kong, 16 February 1888

Jos Rizal

Trinidad Rizal

Hong Kong

289

1888

March

Rizal, Tokyo, 1 March 1888

Jos Rizal

Parents and brothers

Tokyo

Spanish charge d'affaires invites Rizal to his hotel roomTokohama and Manila compared
Japanese men and womenImpression of Tokyo.

290

1888

March

Rizal, Tokyo, 4 March 1888

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Tokyo

Rizal, wonder of the JapaneseLike a Europeanized Japanese Japanese women adopt European
attire Industry and integrity Few thieves and beggars How disgusting to see a man drawing a
jinrikisha like horse!

291

1888

March

14

Rizal, Tokyo, 14 March 1888

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Tokyo

At the Spanish Legation Prez Caballero wishes to know Blumentritt "I do not greet with
somebody else's hat."

292

1888

April

Rizal, Tokyo, 7 April 1888

Jos Rizal

Parents and brothers

Tokyo

293

1888

April

29

Rizal, aboard SS Belgie, San Francisco, California,


29 April 1888

Jos Rizal

Parents

SS Belgie, San
Francisco, California

294

1888

April

30

Rizal, San Francisco, California, 30 April 1888

Jos Rizal

Mariano Ponce

San Francisco,
California

Rizal wishes to correspond with Ponce Orders the works of Larra to improve his command of the
Spanish language with the proceeds from the sale of his Noli He is en route to London

295

1888

April

30

Rizal, San Francisco, 30 April 1888

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

San Francisco

In California under quarantineFolklorista and anthropologists appear in Ilocos.

296

1888

May

24

Rizal aboard City of Home, 24 May 1888

Jos Rizal

Parents and brothers

Aboard City of Home

297

1888

May

30

Juan Luna, Paris, 30 May 1888

Juan Luna

Jos Rizal

Paris

298

[1888]

[June]

Rizal, London, [June, 1888?]

Jos Rizal

Brothers

London

Rizal is busy with surgical operations He has earned more than P900 Will return to Europe
"Everybody wants me to leave the Phillippines."The government wants him as far away as possible
"The Filipinos fear for me and for themselves." Kind words of Blumentritt in the Geographic
Commercial Review.
The customs would not release the box of copies of Noli me tangere A copy of the regulations for
primary instruction
Ventura gives Rizal news of his trip to Europe and wishes to hear from him

Serrano has a school in Binondo Incidents in the hearing on the petition for the expulsion of the
friars News about various friends Viado is imprisoned on account of the Noli
Rizal, en route to Europe, sends Pedro A. Paterno a post card in chabacano.

Description of City of RomeMany languages spoken aboard.


It is unfortunate to live exile, writes Painter Luna to Rizal Japanese painting is as advanced as
that of Greece and Italy, he says in admiration
At London againEngaged in his studiesAwaiting letters from his familyRemembers his
relatives.

Complete list of Jos Rizal's correspondence


Number

Year

Month

Day

Title

From

To

Location

Summary

299

1888

June

Rizal, London, 2 June 1888

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

London

"Address you familiarly, no, because you are respectable The Filipinos are very courteous to their
parentsThe friars address us familiarly considering us their inferiors."Rizal complimented with a
tea party by Dr. Rost.They discussed languages Filipiniana library of Rost.

300

1888

June

Rizal, London, 5 June 1888

Jos Rizal

Mariano Ponce

London

Rizal requests Ponce to send him the complete works of Larra

301

1888

June

Rizal, London, 8 June 1888

Jos Rizal

Pastor Ullmer

London

To Pastor Ullmer Rizal tells of his return to Europe Noli me tngere in the PhilippinesThe Friars
want his expulsion from the Philippines But he will go back.

302

1888

June

12

Rizal, London, 12 June 1888

Jos Rizal

London

He didn't find letters from home upon arrivalHis trip from Liverpool to London He boards with
an English familySunday at London is boresome.

303

1888

June

13

Mariano Ponce, Barcelona, 13 June 1888

Mariano Ponce

Jos Rizal

Barcelona

304

1888

June

16

Rizal, London, 16 June 1888

Jos Rizal

Mariano Ponce

London

305

1888

June

22

Mariano Ponce, Barcelona, 22 June 1888

Mariano Ponce

Jos Rizal

Barcelona

Ponce sends Rizal a compilation of Larra's articles and addresses of several friends
Larra, the best Spanish prose writer of the century All the works of great men are worthy of study
Rizal prefers the complete, not selected works of LarraIn Madrid, where Rizal had many friends,
his work could not even get inCondemnation of his work at ManilaNeed for unity among the
Filipinos
In Barcelona the Filipinos are willing to sacrifice themselves for the sake of their country
Enthusiasm for the work of Rizal "Those who criticize acts of heroism and self-denial deserve
eternal condemnation in the history of the motherland" Awaiting the second novel of Rizal

306

1888

June

23

Rizal, London, 23 June 1888

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

London

Paciano Rizal is "Philosopher Tasio" The only man, according to the lieutenant of the civil guard
General Salamanca asks for the punishment of Filipino reformists The Spanish Senate is
indifferent "We pay taxes, we shed our blood for Spain, and when we raise a petition, punishment
is our reward!" The simile of the old cocotte "Fight for truth: Raise us or knock us down!"
Fame for the defense of the weak The Filipinos have lost faith in Spain The second edition of
the Noli, not very different from the first.

307

1888

June

26

Evaristo Aguirre, Madrid, 26 June 1888

Evaristo Aguirre

Jos Rizal

Madrid

Rizal's impressions are not surprising after his visit to his country Only time and the efforts of
those called to regenerate her can overthrow the secular power, transforming little by little her way
of life First the ideological ground should be won for cultivation Our country is where our
affection lies The whip and the muzzle will increase the ranks of the awakened ones

No one would take the slightest step to enable Rizal's works enter Madrid Send to Manila copies
of Noli, even if they are not paid for Some German doctors felicitate him Literature is a
secondary matter; the principal thing is to think and feel rightly One ought to work always with
the head and the heart and with the arms when the time comes What I want is to be eclipsed by
a pleiad of fellow countrymen at the time of my
death

308

1888

June

27

Rizal, London, 27 June 1888

Jos Rizal

Mariano Ponce

London

309

1888

June

28

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 28 June 1888

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

What kind of publication is Correo de Espana? "Quioquiap" falls out of his customary

310

1888

July

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 1 July 1888

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

Recommending some books.

311

1888

July

Mariano Ponce, Barcelona, 4 July 1888

Mariano Ponce

Jos Rizal

Barcelona

The Philippines in a crisis A communication of Acting Governor General Molto concerning the
prestige of the religious orders Fr. Salvador Font's censure of Noli Grand reception of Rizal's
book in Germany, according to Blumentritt who is translating it into German

312

1888

July

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 5 July 1888

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

A cerebral congestion Blumentritt's Memoir in German.

313

1888

July

Juan Luna, Paris, 5 July 1888

Juan Luna

Jos Rizal

Paris

314

1888

July

Rizal, London, 9 July 1888

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

London

315

1888

July

13

Valentin Ventura, Paris, 13 July 1888

Valentin Ventura

Jos Rizal

Paris

role

Photographs of Luna's paintings He may go to London to sell some of his paintings When is
Rizal going to write the second part of his beautiful satire? (Noli me tangere)
Rizal refutes the falsehoods of Senator Vida uttered in the Senate The friars spread false reports
Senator Vida has lied like a phonograph The Noli is not anti-Catholic or socialistic or
Proudhonian "We are filibusteros when we raise our voice" "He who sows wind gathers
tempests."
General Molt's temporary administration was fatal to the Philippines Rizal's trip had not been
useless Effect of Rizal's visit on some families in Manila

Complete list of Jos Rizal's correspondence


Number

Year

Month

Day

Title

From

To

Location

Summary

316

1888

July

21

Rizal, London, 21 July 1888

Jos Rizal

Mariano Ponce

London

The Mother Country ought to be satisfied because she has sons who love her Whois Plaridel?
Fr.. Font's letter

317

1888

July

26

Rizal, London, 26 July 1888

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

London

Rizal wrote Senator Vida refuting his errorsCortes has recessed The speech against Filipino
aspirations did not arouse much interest If Senator Vida resumes his attack, I will refute his
falsehoods in the press Misbehavior of the friars according to letters from Manila.

318

1888

July

27

Rizal, London, 27 July 1888

Jos Rizal

Mariano Ponce

London

Rizal receives Larra's workRelates his hurried departure from the Philippines Amusing incident
on the boat Impressions of America Lauds Plaridel's patriotic labors

319

1888

August

Mariano Ponce, Barcelona, 2 August 1888

Mariano Ponce

Jos Rizal

Barcelona

Sends Rizal copy of Fr. Font's review of Noli Reports of insurrection plotted by the friars
Resignation of liberal minded governor general Emilio TerreroFilipino colony at Barcelona eagerly
awaits Rizal - M. H. del Pilar (Plaridel) is still in the Philippines.
Spaniards judge us unjustlyWhat would they say if they are judged according to the behavior of
the bullfighters and criminals of Madrid?They like paradoxes and beautiful phrases without
considering their veracity "The lndio is happy so long as he is not remembered."The author of
such nonsense is the king of foolsWithdraw from the fight! When politics blazes between tyrants
and oppressed peoples, it has no heart but fangs and poison..." Consequence: 'The Indios formerly
lived happily so long as the Spaniards did not mind them.

320

1888

August

Rizal, London, 7 August 1888

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

London

321

1888

August

10

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 10 August 1888

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

322

1888

August

13

Rizal, London, 13 August 1888

Jos Rizal

Chief Librarian of the


British Museum

London

323

1888

August

16

Mariano Ponce, Barcelona, 16 August 1888

Mariano Ponce

Jos Rizal

Barcelona

324

1888

August

18

Rizal, London, 18 August 1888

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

London

Weber, impartial in matters of religion, unlike Voltaire, Cantu, and Renan The patriot Mr. Antonio
Regidor offers to finance the printing of Sucesos de las lslas Filipinas by Morga, annotated by Rizal.

325

1888

August

18

Rizal, London, 18 August 1888

Jos Rizal

Mariano Ponce

London

A novelist is responsible only for the words that he says are his The country is beginning to show
her hatred of the friars and civil guards Send copies of Noli to Manila The new Tagalog
orthography

326

1888

August

25

Mariano Ponce, Barcelona, 25 August 1888

Mariano Ponce

Jos Rizal

Barcelona

327

1888

August

26

Rizal, London, 26 August 1888

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

London

Rizal will annotate Morga's History What of the ethnographic map of Mindanao?The book The
Chinese Portrayed by Themselves by Tseng-Ki-TongThe Noli in Spanish "in order to awaken the
spirit of my native land from its slumber."

328

1888

September

Rizal, Paris, 4 September 1888

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Paris

House of Laureano Viado searchedConfiscation of copies of Noli me tangereThey forbade Dr.


Pardo de Tavera to treat patients.

329

1888

September

Rizal, Paris, 9 September 1888

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Paris

An impostor's letter to Blumentritt"Could it be a bait?" The attack against you proves that you
are useful, noble, and intelligent."Regidor will publish in Spain information on Noli me tangere.

330

1888

September

17

Rizal, London, 17 September 1888

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

London

Rizal's annotations to Morga's history "Learned modern explorer" Chirino is too pro-friar and
childishThe Noli is banned in the Philipppines.

331

1888

September

30

Rizal, London, 30 September 1888

Jos Rizal

Mariano Ponce

London

" Why should we not have a hundred Plaridel?" "If my enemies would only write like Fathers
Rodriguez and Font, it would not matter to me, the bad thing is that I have enemies among my
countrymen." Rizal is busy

332

1888

October

Juan Luna, Paris, 3 October 1888

Juan Luna

Jos Rizal

Paris

Luna deplores the mean revenge on Rizal's family Offers his services to Rizal The family of
Pedro Roxas at Paris

333

1888

October

Mariano Ponce, Barcelona, 4 October 1888

Mariano Ponce

Jos Rizal

Barcelona

334

1888

October

27

Antonio Luna, Madrid, 27 October, 1888

Antonio Luna

Jos Rizal

Madrid

"As the stag clamors for water so I cry for you." The Noli must be very much persecuted in the
Philippines
To the chief Librarian, British Museum. Riza requests permission to read in the library of the British
Museum and to copy sculpture.
Rizal's friend's are alarmed by his silence The Spanish government awards the Grand Cross of
Isabella the Catholic to Dr. Ferdinand Blumentritt

More on Fr. Font's criticism Ponce's family follows the new Tagalog orthography It asks for a
picture of Rizal Filipinos at Barcelona send regards to Rizal

Extract from a defense of the Noli Reappearance of the newspaper Espana en Filipinas Rizal
proposed as its director Father Vicente Garcia, Filipino theologian defends Rizal's Noli against the
attacks of Fr. Jose Rodriguez
Different factions Alignment of forces Rizal, sure of a majority Advantages if Rizal should
manage the periodical

Complete list of Jos Rizal's correspondence


Number

Year

Month

Day

Title

From

To

Location

Summary

335

1888

October

12

Rizal, London, 12 October 1888

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

London

Rizal reading the old sources of Philippine history He will not leave London until he has examined
all the books and manuscripts relating to our country "Let Desengaos say what he wants. Who
among Filipinos and Spaniards wrote the first insulting books? Dr. Rost is an affectionate friend
Like a good father to Rizal.

336

1888

October

12

Rizal, London, 12 October 1888

Jos Rizal

Mariano Ponce

London

Father Vicente Garcia's courage is inspiring The Noli is being analyzed critically in the Philippines
Rizal: "My work has defects." Engaged to manage a periodical Intensive research in the
history of the Philippines at the British Museum to prepare himself for his tasks

337

1888

October

13

Rizal, London, 13 October 1888

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

London

A brother-in-law of Rizal banished to Bohol Without due process of law The beginning of
reprisals? Booklets for and against Rizal sent to Blumentritt Geler's book says many truths
"And if we cannot take revenge, our children and our grandchildren will do it."

338

1888

October

15

Manuel T. Hidalgo, Cebu, 15 October 1888

Manuel T. Hidalgo

Jos Rizal

Cebu

Banished to Tagbilaran without trail for being a filibustero and Rizal's representative Denounced
by the Dominican syndicate and his satellites.

339

1888

October

19

Antonio Luna, Madrid, 19 October 1888

Antonio Luna

Jos Rizal

Madrid

General desire that Rizal manage a new publication, and should he refuse, Llorente Lete does not
have the sympathy of the Filipinos He is incompetent

340

1888

October

28

Valentin Ventura, Paris, 28 October 1888

Valentin Ventura

Jos Rizal

Paris

341

1888

November

Rizal, London, 1 November 1888

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

London

Jesuits and Augustinians no longer want to correspond with Blumentritt Those who consider that
their own opinion is better than that of others are not worthy of our friendship They have no
friends but acolytes There are not 50 Spaniards like Geler All the books of Spanish authors
distill gall against the Filipinos Vidal y Soler speaks ill of the lndio And he is furious when the
Filipinos defend their lands against the Spaniards

342

1888

November

Antonio Luna, Madrid, November 1888

Antonio Luna

Jos Rizal

Madrid

Executive Commission of the Asociacion Hispano-FilipinaLuna solicits Rizal's Cooperation Patriotic


motive of Luna

343

1888

November

Mariano Ponce, Barcelona, 1 November 1888

Mariano Ponce

Jos Rizal

Barcelona

344

1888

November

Evaristo Aguirre, Madrid, 4 November 1888

Evaristo Aguirre

Jos Rizal

Madrid

Asociacion Hispano-Filipina with Morayta as President Its effect in the Philippines Division in
the Filipino colony of Madrid

Subscription in favor of Lpez Jaena to enable him to return to the Philippines What will be his
fate there? He will fail into the clutches of the friars

The anonymous defender of the Noli is Fr. Vicente Garcia Homage to Rizal at the banquet in
honor of MoraytaMore on the new periodical Rizal is the choice for its director

345

1888

November

Rizal, London, 8 November 1888

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

London

It is not true that books are lacking in the Philippines But the majority of them are of a religious
and narcotizing nature The works of Cantu, Laurent, Dumas, Sue, Victor Hugo, Escrich, and
Schiller are read The lndio in general is fond of reading and studying Even families with P600
income send their children to Manila to study And despite the fact that the fate of educated men
is to have enemies and to be shot Rizal's mother said to her husband: "Don't send him (Rizal)
any more to Manila; he already knows enough; if he gets to know more, they are going to behead
him

346

1888

November

Rizal, London, 8 November 1888

Jos Rizal

Antonio Luna

London

Rizal declines the management of the periodical Regrets he could not send a telegram of
greetings to Morayta on the occasion of the banquet in his honor

347

1888

November

Rizal, London, 9 November 1888

Jos Rizal

Mariano Ponce

London

The attacks of El Pais and Desengaos Fr. Vicente Garcia's defense

348

1888

November

11

Evaristo Aguirre, Madrid, 11 November 1888

Evaristo Aguirre

Jos Rizal

Madrid

Mutual true affection Is Rizal offended by his previous letter? Again the question of the
periodical and Lete

349

1888

November

11

Eduardo de Lete, Madrid, 11 November 1888

Eduardo de Lete

Jos Rizal

Madrid

Espaa en Filipinas dead Plan to found a new organ of the Filipino reformist Lete explains his
stand accuses Rizal of partiality towards Mariano Cunanan The question of the review of Rizal's
Noli me tangere Lete is irritated at Rizal

London

The books Bauernspiegel seem to portray the life of the Filipinos with regard to courtesy
Desengaos says that Blumentritt sees in the Noli the best mirror through which he can look at the
Philippines Rizal declines the offer to manage a periodical Vidal y Soler asks for Spanish and
European immigrants giving them landed property But not for Orientals What are colonies for?
Rizal does not agree with the explanation of reason of state No one ought to go to his
neighbor's house and subordinate the interests of the neighbor to his own interests "We came
here," the Spaniards said to our forefathers, "to be your friends; recognize our king and pay him a
small tribute and we are going to defend you against your enemies."

350

1888

November

14-18

Rizal, London, 14-18 November 1888

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Complete list of Jos Rizal's correspondence


Number

Year

Month

Day

Title

From

To

Location

351

1888

November

17

Mariano Ponce, Barcelona, 17 November 1888

Mariano Ponce

Jos Rizal

Barcelona

352

1888

November

22

Rizal, London, 22 November 1888

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

London

"The Spaniards did us much good." But we gave them the most valuable things they demanded:
"blood, lands, lives", says Rizal The tyrannical rule of the Encomenderos The country would
have been absorbed by Islam Manuel Hidalgo was deported for being Rizal's brother-in-law His
brother and other brothers-in-law were despoiled of their lands by Weyler.

353

1888

November

23

Valentin Ventura, Paris, 23 November 1888

Valentin Ventura

Jos Rizal

Paris

Lpez Jaena is very much changed, with great desire to work It is useless to have a newspaper in
Barcelona Its entry in the Philippines will not be permitted

354

1888

December

Rizal, London, 3 December 1888

Jos Rizal

Mariano Ponce

London

A letter in Tagalog to Ponce A letter from Manila published in German newspapers


Discrimination against Anacleto del Rosario

355

1888

December

Rizal, London, 6 December 1888

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

London

Rizal will send his exchange gift to Dr. Czepelack The book of Multatuli, Dutch critic, resembles
the Noli Not so virulent Shows only one phase of Dutch life in Java Rizal elected director of
the new Filipino periodical in Madrid.

356

1888

December

Rizal, London, 7 December 1888

Jos Rizal

Mariano Ponce

London

A letter for Laktaw sent through Mariano Ponce (Naning) to evade

357

1888

December

10

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 10 December 1888

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

358

1888

December

25

Rizal, London, 25 December 1888

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

London

Data on Ituy in the Annotations to Morga Two busts modeled by Rizal: Caesar Augustus for
Blumentritt and ]ulius Caesar for Dr. Czepelack Ponce, Canon, and Lopez Jaena, and Rizal chat
about Blumentritt Personification of kindliness Christmas eve Evokes the Grand Genius who
preached Truth and Love He suffered for his mission But for his sufferings "the world has
become better, if not saved."

359

1888

December

28

Rizal, London, 28 December 1888

Jos Rizal

Mariano Ponce

London

Manuscript of La vision de Fr. Rodriguez sent to Mariano Ponce for publication at Barcelona

360

1888

December

28

Rizal, London, 28 December 1888

Jos Rizal

Fernando Canon

London

Be the interpreter of my sentiments" at the banquet on 31 December

361

1888

December

31

Rizal, London, 31 December 1888

Jos Rizal

Compatriots

London

Address to his Compatriots at Barcelona Alza tu tersa frente Juventud filipina, en este da (Liftup
your radiant brow, This day.. . .)

362

1889

Rizal, London, 1889

Jos Rizal

To the Filipinos at
Barcelona

London

Address to the Filipinos at Barcelona signed with the pseudonym, Laong Laan Rizal rejoices at the
unity of the Filipinos Flow to prevent disunion Clear words, clear conscience A Rizal project
Buy, read critically, all published books on the Philippines Study and be prepared

363

1889

Rizal, Paris, 1889?

Jos Rizal

Graciano Lpez Jaena

Paris

364

1889

Rizal's Message to the Young Women of Malolos,


Europe, 1889

Jos Rizal

Jos Rizal

Europe

365

1889

Rizal, 1889

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

366

1889

January

Rizal, London, January 1889

Jos Rizal

Jos Ma. Basa

London

Basa's example of writing in defense of the Philippines is inspiring to other Filipinos To serve a
country there is nothing like being in it Marcelo H. del Pilar did not need to come to Europe
Filipinos are afraid to buy the Noli He asks Basa to keep the remaining copies lest they be burned
"If the present generation does not like to read me because of fear, I shall keep what I have
written for the coming generation" He does not know if what he is writing will be published

367

1889

January

Rizal, London January 1889

Jos Rizal

Marcelo H. del Pilar

London

"Piping Dilat's" article is restrained but strong Advantages of knowing foreign languages "I
wrote the Noli me tangere to stir the patriotism of my countrymen."

368

1889

January

Manuel T. Hidalgo, Bohol, 1 January 1889

Manuel T. Hidalgo

Jos Rizal

Bohol

Summary

He regrets what is happening to Rizal's brother-in-law Banquet in honor of Morayta alarms the
enemy camp Desengaos (Retana) does not deserve the attention of the Filipinos Laudatory
phrases of Andres Avelino del Rosario

censorship at Manila

Blumentritt wants to defend Rizal's Noli me tangere.

Jaena though ill, Rizal sends an article to La Solidaridad He orders more copies of Soberania and
Vision
Complying with Plaridel's request Rizal writes a long letter to the young women of Malolos Its
message is for all Filipino women
The family name isreally Mercado The unhappy memory of 72 when Burgos, Gmez, and Zamora
died on the gallows Brief history of the surname Rizal Defense of the Noli translated by the
hero.

In exile for being a filibustero The people of Bohol are very fanatical.

Complete list of Jos Rizal's correspondence


Number

Year

Month

369

1889

January

370

1889

January

371

1889

372

Day

Title

From

To

Location

Summary

Marcelo H. del Pilar (Plaridel), Barcelona, January


1889

Marcelo H. del Pilar

Jos Rizal

Barcelona

Valentin Ventura, Paris, 6 January 1889

Valentin Ventura

Jos Rizal

Paris

Everything that is happening in the Philippines is the consequence of Rizal's campaign


Gobernadorcillo of Sta. Ana Ventura's opinion of the Asociacion Hispano-Filipina Bad news from
the Philippines

January

Rizal, London, 6 January 1889

Jos Rizal

Mariano Ponce

London

Rizal sends Ponce a post card from London, 6 January 1889 requesting him to make a correction in
La vision de Fr. Rodriguez Because Archbishop Payo is dead, soften the harsh statements, he
says

1889

January

Mariano Ponce, Barcelona, 8 January 1889

Mariano Ponce

Jos Rizal

Barcelona

La vision de Fr. Rodriguez is very well written To be published by the Filipinos at Barcelona
Perhaps del Pilar may be able to put an end to dissidence and rivalry Board of Directors of La
Solidaridad association Rizal's letter, read at the banquet, received warm applause

373

1889

January

12

Silvestre Ubaldo, Calamba, 12 January 1889

Silvestre Ubaldo

Jos Rizal

Calamba

Abuses of the administrator of the Hacienda Persecution of his sister Lucia Cheerless town
feast Need for reforms in local government Need for a book written in Tagalog La Espaa
Oriental, new bilingual periodical "It is impossible to live in peace so long as there are friars."

374

1889

January

14

Rizal, London, 14 January 1889

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

London

Association Internationale des Philippinistes To hold a congress during the Exposition at Paris
Rizal asks Blumentritt for advice and suggestions to improve it Awaiting the Exequatur Mac
Havelaar's book.

375

1889

January

15

Antonio Luna, Madrid, 15 January 1889

Antonio Luna

Jos Rizal

Madrid

It is doubtful that the Spaniards would come to offer us rights and liberties that they enjoy
Pessimism about the success of the association La Solidaridad

376

1889

January

28

Rizal, London, 28 January 1889

Jos Rizal

To the Members of La
Solidaridad

London

Rizal made Honorary President of the association La Solidaridad He sends greetings and proffers
prudent advice

377

1889

January

31

Rizal, London, 31 January 1889

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

London

Condolence on the misfortunes of Austria Blumentritt accepts the presidency of the International
Association of Philippinists We wish to obtain the happiness of the Philippines through noble and
just means "If I had to commit a villainy to make her happy, I would decline to do it." Casal's
book is not veracious.

378

1889

February

Rizal, London, February 1889

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

London

Awaiting Blumentritt's opinion in order to improve the prospectus of the International Association of
Philippinists Doctors Meyer, Jagor, and Czepelack nominated by Rizal.

379

1889

February

Pedro Serrano Laktaw, 1 February 1889

Pedro Serrano
Laktaw

Jos Rizal

380

1889

February

Rizal, London, 4 February 1889

Jos Rizal

Marcelo H. del Pilar

London

381

1889

February

Rizal, London, 6 February 1889

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

London

A section proposed by Blumentritt: Races and independent regions Two members from each
nation Drs. Meyer and Kern nominated to the Board of Directors of the International Association
of Philippinists A letter of introduction to Dr. Kern.

382

1889

February

14

Rizal, London, 14 February 1889

Jos Rizal

A. B. Meyer

London

Meyer is on the Executive Board of the International Association of Philippinists Appointment of a


Dutch member left to Dr. Meyer.

383

1889

February

17

Marcelo H. del Pilar, Barcelona, 17 February 1889

Marcelo H. del Pilar

Jos Rizal

Barcelona

Birth of La Solidaridad on 15 February 1889 The campaign of the women of Malolos "I request
you to write to those girls." Rizal's article "Los viajes" could not be published in the first issue for
lack of space

384

1889

February

22

Rizal, London, 22 February 1889

Jos Rizal

Marcelo H. del Pilar

London

Suggestions for La Solidaridad Rizal promises to write "articles of great interest"A long message
in Tagalog to the young women of Malolos He asks del Pilar to correct it as his
tagalog is getting rusty See that it does not fall into the hands of the friar

385

1889

February

27

Rizal, London, 27 February 1889

Jos Rizal

A. B. Meyer

London

Dr. Niumann declines the post of counselor of the International Association of Philippinists.

386

1889

March

Rizal, London, March 1889

Jos Rizal

Graciano Lpez Jaena

London

Club KidlatEnthusiasm for La Solidaridad at ParisAdvice to Lopez JaenaRizal promises to


support La Solidaridad and send articlesThe periodical is improving

1889

March

Rizal, Paris, March 1889

Jos Rizal

Mariano Ponce

Paris

Rizal would like to make a big book of La defensa de Corcuera Asks Ponce to take steps to join
La Solidaridad of Barcelona with that of Madrid

1889

March

Rizal, Paris, March 1889

Jos Rizal

Mariano Ponce

Paris

Success of La soberania This work has no chaff but all gain "We shall fight Font" Always cite
Blumentritt, Pilapil, Pelaez, or Burgos, etc. in every issue of La Solidaridad Build a reference
library

He asks for data on Diego Silang's rebellion He doubts the veracity of Isabelo de los Reyes'
account

Serrano allows himself to be deceived in order to satisfy everybody and not to inconvenience any
one Signs his letter "P. Dore" The Jesuits are trying to dissuade him from going abroad to
study

387

Rizal writes Marcelo H. del Pilar he is glad of the publication of La Solidaridad. The excessive
llocanism of Isabelo de los Reyes apropos the question of Diego SilangTestimony of historians
Italian manuscripts about the PhilippinesOne of the Filipinos at Barcelona should study Italian
Rizal is presently studying Dutch

Complete list of Jos Rizal's correspondence


Number

Year

Month

388

1889

March

389

1889

March

390

1889

391

Day

Title

From

To

Location

Summary

Mariano Ponce, Barcelona, March 1889

Mariano Ponce

Jos Rizal

Barcelona

Fruitless search for Escosura's reports La Defensa is silent The Filipinos at Barcelona will heed
Rizals regarding their association

Rizal, London, 3 March 1889

Jos Rizal

Marcelo H. del Pilar

London

Rizal praises highly del Pilar's La soberania monacal en Filipinas "Onward and write!" he saysHe
can now diePlaridel can take his place He would like to see emerge 20 or 30 young men who
are two or three times more worthy than he

March

Valentin Ventura, Paris, 3 March 1889

Valentin Ventura

Jos Rizal

Paris

1889

March

Rizal, London, 4 March 1889

Jos Rizal

A. B. Meyer

London

Dr. Riedel nominated for counselor of the International Association of Philippinists Going to Paris
to study the way of opening the first international congress.

392

1889

March

Rizal, London, 5 March 1889

Jos Rizal

Graciano Lpez Jaena

London

Rizal sends Lopez Jaena a post card congratulating nim on his "superb speech" delivered at the
Ateneo Barcelones entitled 'The Philippines at the Universal Exposition of Barcelo na"
Suggestions for the improvement of La Solidaridad

393

1889

March

Antonio Luna, Madrid, 8 March 1889

Antonio Luna

Jos Rizal

Madrid

An insulting article by Quioquiap in El Da Asks Rizal to answer it A country where insult is


permitted but not defense The need for a Filipino newspaper in Madrid Dominador Gomez

394

1889

March

10

Marcelo H. del Pilar, Barcelona, 10 March 1889

Marcelo H. del Pilar

Jos Rizal

Barcelona

395

1889

March

11

S. Jugo Vidal, Madrid, 11 March 1889

S. Jugo Vidal

Jos Rizal

Madrid

396

1889

March

12

Mariano Ponce, 12 March 1889

Mariano Ponce

Jos Rizal

397

1889

March

12

Graciano Lpez Jaena, Madrid, 12 March 1889

Graciano Lpez
Jaena

Jos Rizal

Madrid

398

1889

March

19

Rizal, Paris, 19 March 1889

Jos Rizal

Mariano Ponce

Paris

The best poem of Rizal in his own opinion Rizal advises Filipinos to buy books by Filipinos and to
mention m their writings names of Filipinos like Pelaez, Garcia, Burgos, Graciano, and others in their
writings - The third number of La Solidaridad is better than the first two He regrets La Defensa
was not answered.

399

1889

March

19

Rizal, Paris, 19 March 1889

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Paris

Rizal wishes to publish the Ethnography of Mindanao by Blumentritt and his Defense Kidlat Club

400

1889

March

26

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 26 March 1889

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

401

1889

March

28

Rizal, Paris, 28 March 1889

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Paris

402

1889

April

P. Catog, Manila, 1 April 1889

P. Catog

Jos Rizal

Manila

Hotel prices in Paris rising on account of the forthcoming exposition Offers Rizal a room in his
house.

M. H. del Pilar values highly Rizal's praise of his La soberania Monacal Rizal has no right yet to die
All the darts that are hurled against his name are received in the hearts of those who cherish him
Case of the gobernadorcillos who signed the petition for the expulsion of the friars
Regrets the outrages against Rizal's family But not all Spaniards think alike Some Spanish
newspapers, above all those of the republican press, do justice to Rizal Every Filipino should
contribute something toward the education of his compatriots Asks Rizal for articles for his
periodical, La Vanguardia
The number of pages of La Solidaridad is increased, following Rizal's suggestion Publication of
Rizal's article "Agricultores Copies of Rizal's "Vision", etc. sent to Manila - Sale of the Noli
He asks Rizal to tell the Filipinos in Madrid not to be prejudiced against La Solidaridad Need for
unity and fraternity Congratulates Rizal on La vision de Fr. Rodriguez Asks for articles

Finished chapters of Blumentritt's

Memoir.

Mrs. Rosa de Blumentritt compliments Rizal with a tablecloth Rizal will model Blumentritt's bust
It is folly to portray all the Peninsular Spaniards as angel.
Discovery of arms and amunitions in Santa MesaRumors of rebellion Confiscation of printed
matter from Hong Kong Imprisonments

403

1889

April

Rizal, Paris, 2 April 1889

Jos Rizal

To the Members of La
Solidaridad

Paris

Rizal writes the members of La Solidaridad Association of Madrid about troubles in the native land
Imprisonments and abuses, the necessary evil of a corrupt societyHow the Filipinos can show
themselves worthy of libertyCalainos has more faith than all the friars put togetherLiberty
cannot be obtained without pain or meritThat the outraged take their case to court, and if not,
appeal to God... Friar threats do not frighten nor do their nonsense deceive The booklets of Fr.
Rodriguez Only what is instructive and didactic should be writtenThe International Association
of Philippinists An article of Rizal entitled La muerte de MagallanesFilipinos should not accept
any thing from the friars in Rizal's opinion

404

1889

April

Marcelo H. del Pilar, Barcelona, 8 April 1889

Marcelo H. del Pilar

Jos Rizal

Barcelona

Outrages Unrighteousness of negotiating for the prisoners' release extrajudicially Steps to


cheer those who live in oppression and to deny the allegation of lack of civilization and indifference
of the Filipinos Discrimination against Painter Juan Luna

405

1889

April

Alex Schandenberg, Vigan 9 April 1889

Alex Schandenberg

Jos Rizal

Vigan

An opinion on the Noli Governor-General Terrero's order prohibiting its entry into the Philippines
Order of Archbishop Payo, given in Vigan, that all copies be burned How Spanish could be
diffused in the Philippines. Appreciates Rizal's letter written in German, his mother tongue.

Complete list of Jos Rizal's correspondence


Number

Year

Month

Day

Title

From

To

Location

Summary

406

1889

April

10

Rizal, Paris, 10 April 1889

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Paris

The magnificent Defense of Blumentritt translated by Rizal If our sufferings had not been well
known, it was because we did not have one Las Casas Proofs of the maltreatment of the Indios
are found in the works of de los Rios, Gaspar de San Agustin, etc. All the Quioquiaps are not
worth even onehalf of Blumentritt Withdraw from the fight!

407

1889

April

18

Rizal, Paris, before 18 April 1889

Jos Rizal

Graciano Lpez Jaena


and Companions

Paris

Praise briefly only true friends without calling them friends; exaggerated praise for fellow
countrymen who are attached to the friars and call them friends and depict them as anti-friars."

408

1889

April

18

Rizal, Paris, 18 April 1889

Jos Rizal

Mariano Ponce

Paris

Style of La Solidaridad just, sober and clear"Without 1872 there would not have been either
Plaridel, or Jaena, or Sanciangco: without 1872, Rizal would now be a Jesuit." Do not be
perturbed because some fall The tests of fire and cautery What are lacking are men who may
give an example to the people and rouse their enthusiasm as the Christian martyrs did Nobody
knows how to behave at the critical moment of death; it is so repugnant to die hanged and young
with ideas in the head "The day you should see me in the clutches of the friars, try to put another
in my place who may revenge me." Urges the Filipinos to show more valor, more abnegation,
less fear of death and torture

409

1889

April

23

Rizal, Paris, 23 April 1889

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Paris

Postponement of the congress of the International Association of Philippinists in Paris Rizal invites
Blumentritt to the Exposition A congress of friendship Blumentritt may use Manuel Hidalgo's
letter Data published by Dr. Joest in Kolner Zeitung

410

1889

April

27

S. Jugo Vidal, Madrid, 27 April 1889

S. Jugo Vidal

Jos Rizal

Madrid

411

1889

April

30

Rizal, Paris, 30 April 1889

Jos Rizal

Mariano Ponce

Paris

Rizal asks Mariano Ponce to come to Paris to see the ExpositionHe proposes a conference in Paris
between Rizal, Plaridel, Apacible, Lopez Jaena, Blumentritt, Llorente, and CanonRizal breaks
contract with Regidor for the printing of his Morga edition

412

1889

May

Rizal, Paris, May 1889

Jos Rizal

Mariano Ponce

Paris

Rizal desirous of maintaining unity among Filipinos at any cost Differences ought to be submitted
to a tribunal elected by the interested parties

413

1889

May

Rizal, Paris, 2 May 1889

Jos Rizal

Fernando Canon

Paris

Birth of son of Canon Rizal's sadness upon thinking that one more being with Filipino blood could
later become a lost member for a country that needs men "All honorable men of the world are
compatriots

414

1889

May

Rizal, Paris, 8 May 1889

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Paris

A sarcastic article The author, like a cat pursuing a little mouse Quioquiap After ten years
without reforms, there will occur a great revolution in the Philippines, according to Pardo de Tavera.

415

1889

May

15

Rizal, 10 Rue de Louvois, Paris, 15 May 1889

Jos Rizal

Mariano Ponce

Paris

Manuscript of the humorous article Por telefono by Rizal sent to Ponce for publication in booklet
form It is too comical for La Solidaridad

416

1889

May

16

Rizal, Paris, 16 May 1889

Jos Rizal

Parents and brothers

Paris

417

1889

May

18

Marcelo H. del Pilar (?), Barcelona, 18 May 1889

Marcelo H. del Pilar

Jos Rizal

Barcelona

418

1889

May

20

Rizal, Paris, 20 May 1889

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Paris

Rizal contributes 200 marks to Blumentritt's traveling expenses to Paris Reprinting of Morga by
Rizal Blumentritt will write the prologue and criticism.

419

1889

May

20

Rizal, Paris, 20 May 1889

Jos Rizal

Marcelo H. del Pilar

Paris

Complete break with RegidorRizal himself will publish his Morga edition Regrets that
Panganiban's article on education was not continued Estimate of expenses for Filipinos who may
want to come to Paris

420

1889

May

21

Mariano Ponce, Barcelona, 21 May 1889

Mariano Ponce

Jos Rizal

Barcelona

421

1889

May

23

S. Jugo Vidal, Madrid, 23 May 1889

S. Jugo Vidal

Jos Rizal

Madrid

The disunity existing between the Filipinos in Madrid, is incomprehensible Excepting Dominador
Gomez the Filipinos at Madrid seem to be afraid to write

422

1889

May

24

Marcelo H. del Pilar, Barcelona, 24 May 1889

Marcelo H. del Pilar

Jos Rizal

Barcelona

"La Verdad para todos" by Rizal and "Filibusteros" by Blumentritt in La Solidaridad La Vanguardia
Filipina is afraid of Philippine affairs Another Asociacion Hispano-Filipina in Madrid?Possible
martingale to divide the Filipino colony News of PanganibanAwaited arrival of Pedro Roxas,
wealthy Filipino

423

1889

May

24

Mariano Ponce, Barcelona, 24 May 1889

Mariano Ponce

Jos Rizal

Barcelona

Nothing disturbs the harmony of the Filipino colony in Barcelona Insulting article published in La
Nacion by Antonia Rodriguez de Ureta against La Solidaridad and its staff Rizal's article "La
verdad para todos" Barrantes' El Teatro Tagalo deserves to be answered

While radical remedies are not taken, publishing periodicals is not superfluousHe asks Rizal to
write for La Vanguardia Filipina

T. H. Pardo de Tavera's lively imagination We ought to protect ourselves from the intrigue of the
enemies and the candor of friends Racial antagonism in the break with the one who had promised
to publish Rizal's work? Petition presented to the Ministry of Colonies published in La Solidaridad

Publication of Rizal's Por telefono in booklet form like La vision de Fr. RodriguezLa soberania
monacal is advertised in La Solidaridad

Complete list of Jos Rizal's correspondence


Number

Year

Month

Day

Title

From

To

Location

Summary

424

1889

May

26

Rizal, Paris, 26 May 1889

Jos Rizal

Mariano Ponce

Paris

425

1889

May

26

M. Elejorde, Calamba, 26 May 1889

M. Elejorde

Jos Rizal

Calamba

A townsman of Calamba writes Rizal in Tagalog sending him a little contribution from his friends
Everybody is asking for him and regards him as the "Second Jesus Christ", their saviourSad news
Asks for the continuation of Noli me tangere

426

1889

June

Rizal, Paris, 3 June 1889

Jos Rizal

Mariano Ponce

Paris

Rizal sends Ponce a post card with instructions on the disposal of a certain sum of money Dr. T.
H. Pardo de Tavera subscribes to La Solidaridad Juan Luna and Valentin Ventura are members of
La Solidaridad association

427

1889

June

Rizal, Paris, 4 June 1889

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Paris

You fight for our country and you imbue us with valor Ready to unsheathe our sword in your
defense "There is a God for honorable persons."

428

1889

June

13

Pedro de Govantes, Madrid, 13 June 1889

Pedro de Govantes

Jos Rizal

Madrid

Govantes, Spanish lawyer, born in the Philippines, who holds the title of Conde de Albay, is grateful
to Rizal for his letter of sympathy on the death of his father, Felipe Govantes Ideas are not an
obstacle to the mutual admiration between political adversaries, he says

429

1889

June

15

Rizal, Barcelona, 15 June 1889

Jos Rizal

Vicente Barrantes

Barcelona

To Vicente BarrantesRizal points out Barrantes' glaring errors and ignorance of Philippine History.

430

1889

June

18

Rizal, Paris, 18 June 1889

Jos Rizal

Marcelo H. del Pilar

Paris

Rizal sends a corrected article by BlumentrittHe regrets typographical errors in La Solidaridad


Send a copy of Soberania to T. H. Pardo de TaveraCirculo Hispano-Filipino It is a good idea to
live together as a republic without any other law except that of strict equality and justiceHe wants
the printing of Blumentritt's defense of Noli to be hastened

431

1889

June

19

Rizal, Paris, 19 June 1889

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Paris

Genius, according to Heine, feels out of place in a foreign country But that of Blumentritt feels as
at home, writing in Spanish A good champion of our cause Rizal's "Prologue" to Blumenritt's
Defense of the Noli.

Rizal sends Ponce a post card with his reply to Barrantes

432

1889

June

22

Rizal, Paris, 22 June 1889

Jos Rizal

Marcelo H. del Pilar

Paris

P. Roxas and the patriotic movement In the crusade we are engaged in I should not like
comedians and merchants to take part Do not ask for heroism from the purse Drop the
pseudonyms; whoever wishes to take part in the crusade should nave renounced beforehand life
and fortune The persecution of Rizal and Plaridel is due to the fact that they are isolated men
The day when they shall abound, they can live peacefully God did not support those who fought
for their own interests Force will be the last resort

433

1889

June

23

Mariano Ponce, Barcelona, 23 June 1889

Mariano Ponce

Jos Rizal

Barcelona

Ponce sends a post card to Rizal asking for his permission to issue reply to Barrantes in pamphlet
form Printing of Blumentritt's defense of Noli me tangere almost finished

434

1889

June

23

Rizal, Paris, 23 June 1889

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Paris

Translating Blumentritt's Memoir Let Doa Antonia trill She does not deserve any attention A
whore in Manila, Barcelona, and Paris.

435

[1889]

June

29

Rizal, Paris, 29 June [1889]

Jos Rizal

Parents and brothers

Paris

436

1889

July

Rizal, London, July 1889?

Jos Rizal

Marcelo H. del Pilar

London

Power of attorney in favor of Pedro de Govantes, a practicing Spanish lawyer at Madrid with
reference to the case of his brother-in-law Manuel Hidalgo deported without trial

437

1889

July

O. R. Serna (Pedro Serrano Laktaw), Manila, 1 July


1889

Pedro Serrano
Laktaw

Manila

O. R. Serna, anagram of Serrano, Tagalog lexicographer, assumes a role to mislead the friars and
Jesuits

438

1889

July

Rizal, Paris, 1 July 1889

Jos Rizal

Mariano Ponce

Paris

439

1889

July

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 3 July 1889

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

Rizal's translation of a work of

440

1889

July

Mariano Ponce, Barcelona, 9 July 1889

Mariano Ponce

Jos Rizal

Barcelona

Panganiban improvesLopez Jaena disheartened Del Pilar bears all the work of the periodical
Panganiban's study of the University of Manila Arrival of Sandico Printing of Blumentritt's
defense of Noli me tangere La Solidaridad association has lost some members

441

1889

July

12

Rizal, Paris, 12 July 1889

Jos Rizal

Marcelo H. del Pilar

Paris

Rizal writes del Pilar in Tagalog and sends him the contribution of 200 pesetas of the Calambenos to
La Solidaridad Issues of the periodical for the Philippines Regards to Sandico Regidor's
article Diputado for FilipinasFor being Rizal's brother-in-law, Mariano Herbosa was allowed to be
buried in holy ground

442

1889

July

15

Rizal, Paris, 15 July 1889

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Paris

A deceased brother-in-law of Rizal was denied burial in the cemeteryFor having died without
confession as he died suddenly of cholera"He will be converted into dust just the same in his so
litary grave on the hill." Quioquiap irrelevant, he changes the subjectDo you want to answer
him?

Rizal regrets Panganiban's illnessHe is a very useful man Filipinos at Paris await impatiently La
SolidaridadRizal cannot find his articles"El Filibusterismo" and La opinion en Filipinas."
BlumentrittThe silence of the

adversaries

Complete list of Jos Rizal's correspondence


Number

Year

Month

Day

Title

From

To

Location

Summary

443

1889

July

19

Rizal, Paris, 19 July 1889

Jos Rizal

Mariano Ponce

Paris

Rizal writes Ponce in Tagalog ordering more copies of Soberania and Defensa He asks Ponce to
send copies to Manila, Fr. Font, and Fr. Rodriguez

444

1889

July

20

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 20 July 1889

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

Balaguer seems to be inclined to the extreme right of our Filipino partyIn Manililla Blumentritt's
works are called stupidities.

445

1889

July

22

Rizal, Paris, 22 July 1889?

Jos Rizal

Jos Rizal

Paris

A post card from Rizal giving instructions to Ponce about the publication of his two articles in La
Solidaridad

446

1889

July

23

Rizal, Paris, 23 July 1889

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Paris

Morga's history of the Philippines is now in pressPrologue by Blumentritt Two articles by Rizal in
La Solidaridad.

447

1889

July

30

Rizal, Paris, 30 July 1889

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Paris

Blumentritt approves of the changes made by Rizal in his "Prologue" The rudeness of the
Quioquiaps does not offend, but their duplicity does Becerra's reforms One column of Rizal's
article is worth more than all the articles of Barrantes and companyA study of the Subanos of
Mindanao.

448

1889

August

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 3 August 1889

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

449

1889

August

13

Rizal, Paris, 13 August 1889

Jos Rizal

Mariano Ponce

Paris

Rizal is very busy with many writings at the same timeHe would like to correct the proofs of "Por
telefono"

450

1889

August

16

Rizal, Paris, 16 August 1889

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Paris

Struggle between a useful worker (Blumentritt) and an idler (Manililla) In the attacks of Manililla
there are no jokes, or brains or replies to Blumentritt's arguments. "Once and for all."

451

1889

August

17

Pedro Serrano Laktaw, Manila, 17 August 1889

Pedro Serrano
Laktaw

Jos Rizal

Manila

452

1889

August

22

Rizal, Paris, 22 August 1889

Jos Rizal

A. B. Meyer

Paris

Rizal's opinion on Tawalisi is accepted by Dr. A. B. Meyer.

453

1889

August

29

Rizal, Paris, 29 August 1889

Jos Rizal

A. B. Meyer

Paris

Etymology of the Tagalog word anuang is requested by Dr. A. B. Meyer Rizal consults him about
the meaning of VPOS.

454

1889

September

Blumentritt, Leimeritz, 3 September 1889

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

455

1889

September

Rizal, Paris, 8 September 1889

Jos Rizal

Mariano Ponce

Paris

Rizal sends his reply to an article against him published in La Patria

456

1889

September

Rizal, Paris, 9 September 1889

Jos Rizal

Mariano Ponce

Paris

Rizal announces to Ponce in a post card Pedro Roxas' trip to Madrid Call on him secretlyAngel
Marcaida, a Filipino, would like to read Rizal's reply to BarrantesRizal is about to finish his
annotations to Morga

457

1889

September

Rizal, Paris, 9 September 1889

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Paris

Distinguished young men of Lipa with Rizal will visit Blumentritt Moret in Paris wishes to know the
author of Noli me tangere Spaniards and employees from Manila fraternize with Rizal in Paris
"Also I should like to find myself with some friars; perhaps we may be able to settle many
things."

458

1889

September

10

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 10 September 1889

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

He is pleased with Plaridel's pamphlet Peninsular Spaniards who defend Blumentritt.

459

1889

September

12

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 12 September 1889

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

Quioquiaps's childish questions.

460

1889

September

21

Rizal, Paris, 21 September 1889

Jos Rizal

Jos Ma. Basa

Paris

461

1889

September

21

Rizal, Paris, 21 September 1889

Jos Rizal

Parents and brothers

Paris

462

1889

September

22

Indios Bravos, Madrid, 22 September 1889

Indios Bravos

Jos Rizal

Madrid

463

1889

September

22

Rizal, Paris, 22 September 1889

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Paris

The suicidal sacrosanctas simplicitas of our adversariesBarking dogs.

Serrano writes in Tagalog in the third person He sends Rizal P240 for El Filibusterismo

Waiting for Rizal's letter

Inconvenience of printing the signature of Isaac Fernando de los Rios on articles written by Filipinos
A society for the propagation of useful information Watchwords Plaridel in Paris Transfer
of La Solidaridad to Madrid and its conversion into a weekly

Indios Bravos inform Rizal of their return to Madrid


Two statuettes by Rizal: A beggar and a girl with basketA cigarette case of nito, gift to Blumentritt
Moret shows a good disposition towards the Filipinos

Complete list of Jos Rizal's correspondence


Number

Year

Month

Day

Title

From

To

Location

Summary

464

1889

September

23

Mariano Ponce, Barcelona, 23 September 1889

Mariano Ponce

Jos Rizal

Barcelona

Ponce inquires about the proofs of Memoria of BlumentrittHe asks Rizal for an article for La
SolidaridadWhere can he obtain copy of Pardo de Tavera's El snscrito en la lengua tagalog?

465

1889

September

24

Mariano Ponce, Barcelona, 24 September 1889

Mariano Ponce

Jos Rizal

Barcelona

Ponce forms Rizal of the receipt of a telegram about a simulated revolution order to have a pretext
to shoot FilipinosAt his country house at Malinta Governor Weyler is in frequent consultation with
friars

466

1889

September

26

Rizal, 26 September 1889

Jos Rizal

Mariano Ponce

467

1889

September

28

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 28 September 1889

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

The Filipinos have such a generous heart that one cannot compete with them Azcarraga wishes to
correspond with Blumentritt News about Dr. Jagor

468

1889

October

Rizal, To the Indios Bravos, Paris, 5 October 1889

Jos Rizal

To the Indios Bravos

Paris

Rizal and other Filipino reformists in Spain adopt the name "Indios Bravos", literally Brave Indios
Rizal shows concern about unfavorable reports on an lndio Bravo He is desirous of maintaining
unsullied their reputation

469

1889

October

Antonio Luna, Madrid, 9 October 1889

Antonio Luna

Jos Rizal

Madrid

Luna writes Rizal there was no reason for coldness between themEncourage the Indios Bravos to
take up target practice

470

1889

October

10

Julio Llorente, Madrid 10 October 1889

Julio Llorente

Jos Rizal

Madrid

Llorente requests Rizal to speak to Juan Luna about Estevan Figueroa who received an offer to work
at the Imprenta Ramirez in Manila

471

1889

October

12

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 12 October 1889

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

Rizal's Morga is magnificentRizal's annotations are scholarlyRights of natives in French colonies.

472

1889

October

14

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 14 October 1889

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

Proposed dropping of Blumentritt from the Sociedad de Amigos del Pas.

473

1889

October

20

Rizal, Paris, 20 October 1889

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Paris

474

1889

October

23

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 23 October 1889

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

475

1889

October

25

Fernando Acevedo, Zaragoza, Spain, 25 October


1889

Fernando Acevedo

Jos Rizal

Zaragoza, Spain

476

1889

October

30

Graciano Lpez Jaena, Barcelona, 30 October 1889

Graciano Lpez
Jaena

Jos Rizal

Barcelona

Lpez Jaena, candidate for deputyWould like Rizal to persuade other Filipinos to help himAntonia
Rodrguez de Ureta's article La Dinasta against Rizal

477

1889

November

Rizal, Paris, 4 November 1889

Jos Rizal

Marcelo H. del Pilar

Paris

Rizal requests Marcelo H. del Pilar to help a "secret brother in Rd. L. M." holding the rank of Second
Degree

478

1889

November

10

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 10 November 1889

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Leitmeritz

Dirty attacks against BlumentrittHow to answer friends without making them suspectsFear of an
uprising organized by the friars.

479

1889

November

11

Rizal, Paris, 11 November 1889

Jos Rizal

Mariano Ponce

Paris

Rizal intends to expand and improve as much as possible his essay entitled "Filipinas dentro de cien
anos" (The Philippines, a Century Hence) Pardo de Tavera's snscrito en la lengua tagalog
Rizal's Morga coming out soon

480

1889

November

16

Antonio Luna, Madrid, 16 November 1889

Antonio Luna

Jos Rizal

Madrid

An article in Pueblo Soberano of Barcelona calls Taga-Ilog (Antonio Luna) names A. Luna goes to
Barcelona to demand for separation from its author Ready to fight a duel Tells Rizal about his
love affairs

481

1889

November

18

Rizal, Paris, 18 November 1889

Jos Rizal

Mariano Ponce

Paris

Rizal tells Ponce on a post card they have many enemies They must stand unite

482

1889

November

19

Rizal, Paris, 19 November 1889

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Paris

Good prologue without mention of Quioquiap "Too small for Morga" The Spaniards will scoff at
our friendship Distrust certain Spanish friends in Manila Withdraw from the fight if you can!
Write the history of the Philippines!

483

1889

November

22

Rizal, Paris, 22 November 1889

Jos Rizal

Marcelo H. del Pilar

Paris

Rizal sends Marcelo H. del Pilar an article on Blumentritt La Solidaridad at Madrid is good, but
poorly printed Continuation of his essay The Philippines a Century Hence"

484

1889

November

22

Rizal, Paris, 22 November 1889

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Paris

Quioquap ought not to be mentioned in the "Prologue" to the Annotations to Morga by RizalHis
comparison with the czars flatters the Kastilas We do not ask for fraternal love as charity.
Blumentritt wishes that the Spaniards embrace us like brothers We aspire to educate our nation.

Rizal advices Ponce with regard to the telegram about the simulated revolution

The International Association of Philippinists in a latent state Blumentritt, the good genie If you
are a friend of the country and this is your loyal friend, for what do you need the Spanish society
Amigos del Pas? You, friend of six million oppressed Malayans! Do the prologue to my
Annotations to Morga An impartial critical judgment!
The friars and the Quioquiapistas lose their head.

An admirer calls Rizal "model Filipino" Notes his devotion to study and exceptional talentsWill
order a copy of his book Noli me tangere Offers to attend to the sale of Rizal's works.Rizal, the
model FilipinoA printing press Business in prospect

Complete list of Jos Rizal's correspondence


Number

Year

Month

Day

Title

From

To

Location

Summary

485

1889

November

23

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 23 November 1889

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

Blumentritt approves of the changes made by Rizal in his "Prologue" The rudeness of the
Quioquiaps does not offend, but their duplicity does Becerra's reforms One column of Rizal's
article is worth more than all the articles of Barrantes and companyA study of the Subanos of
Mindanao.

486

1889

November

24

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 24 November 1889

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

In a serious book the name of Quioquiap should not be mentioned but in journalistic polemics, one
should not be so generous In politics generosity is a sterile thingBalaguer's reforms will be
useless if the Philippines is not granted parliamentary and constitutional liberty The friars
threaten to start a revolution.

487

1889

November

26

Mariano Ponce, Barcelona, 26 November 1889

Mariano Ponce

Jos Rizal

Barcelona

Ponce writes Rizal the Filipino colony is willing to support Luna's cause against Mir Deas

488

1889

November

26

Antonio Luna, Barcelona, 26 November 1889

Antonio Luna

Jos Rizal

Barcelona

Luna writes Rizal about his encounter with Mir Deas He spits on the face of Mir Deas on account
of an insulting article "Be it to death, to luck, whatever he likes, I will accept the duel." It is
necessary to give him a lesson if the name Filipino is to be maintained unsullied.

489

1889

November

28

Manuel T. Hidalgo, Calamba, 28 November 1889

Manuel T. Hidalgo

Jos Rizal

Calamba

Hidalgo banished again to TagbilaranNow the negotiations for his release should be undertaken
The Superior of Calamba is under the command of the friarsThe Syndic's threatsHidalgo is
accused of being responsible for the failure of the tenants to pay.

490

1889

November

29

Rizal, Paris, 29 November 1889

Jos Rizal

Mariano Ponce

Paris

Rizal writes Ponce that all the Filipinos in Paris are ready to support Luna in every way in his dispute
with Mir DeasPonce ought to go to Madrid because he is needed there by the newspaper, La
Solidaridad

491

1889

November

29

Rizal, Paris, 29 November 1889

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Paris

Rizal asks Blumentritt for the meaning of a phrase in Greek characters

492

1889

December

Rizal, Paris, 1 December 1889

Jos Rizal

A. B. Meyer

Paris

What is the meaning of VPOS? Works of Chamisso Study of books on colonies Blumentritt's
great disappointment.

493

1889

December

Rizal, Paris, 2 December 1889

Jos Rizal

Mariano Ponce

Paris

Rizal presents two copies of Pardo de Tavera's El snscrito en la lengua tagalog to Ponce
Reiterates his suggestion that Ponce go to Madrid Great demand for the Noli in Germany

494

1889

December

Rizal, Paris, 4 December 1889

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Paris

Rizal is pleased with Blumentritt's article entitled "La Previa Censura."


Material for La Solidaridad Two articles of Blumentritt Who is Ramiro Franco? If he is a
Spaniard, his praise of Quioquiap is sincere- if he is a Filipino, it is fine irony Quioquiap's style is
hollow like his head, but audacious, very hold A suggestion for the end of the year: That
Solidaridad put out an issue publishing the works, articles, thoughts of all the Filipinos, purely
literary and instructive Offer of the management of La Solidaridad to Llorente?

495

1889

December

Rizal, Paris, 5 December 1889

Jos Rizal

Marcelo H. del Pilar

Paris

496

1889

December

10

Antonio Luna, Madrid, 10 December 1889

Antonio Luna

Jos Rizal

Madrid

497

1889

December

10

Mariano Ponce, Barcelona, 10 December 1889

Mariano Ponce

Jos Rizal

Barcelona

Aftermath of the Luna-Mir Deas affair Search in Ponce's house on account of Mir's information
Books without the printer's name It is possible that complications may arise

498

1889

December

16

Mariano Ponce, Barcelona, 16 December 1889

Mariano Ponce

Jos Rizal

Barcelona

The search of Ponce's house discussed in the press in Madrid and Barcelona It reaches the
senate, the congress, and the council of ministers Asks for Rizal's advice The decision of the
court of honor buries Mir in the garbage can

499

1889

December

27

Antonio Luna, Madrid, 27 December 1889

Antonio Luna

Jos Rizal

Madrid

500

1889

December

28

Rizal, Paris, 28 December 1889

Jos Rizal

Baldomero Roxas

Paris

501

1889

December

29

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 29 December 1889

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

502

1889

December

31

Manuel T. Hidalgo, Manila, 31 December 1889

Manuel T. Hidalgo

Jos Rizal

Manila

The Mir affair submitted to a court of honor Antonio Luna grateful to all the Filipino

In view of the persecution of his family, it is not strange that Luna has sometimes wavered Luna
explains his actions Eager to retain Rizal's good opinion of him Inquires about Miss Nelly
Bousted
Rizal sends four copies of his edition of Morga to the Philippines Will send more if the book is
admitted without difficultyDon Florentino Torres has poor impression of the Filipino students at
MadridRizal enjoins his fellow Filipinos to be virtuous and industrious
New Year's Greetings.
Attested deposition of Hidalgo's deportationThe governor general, the rector of Santo Tomas, and
two Dominicans are awaited at CalambaThe object of the visit is to frighten the tenants so that
they would payCholeng, teacher Rizal's letters are interceptedFalse information in the
administrative proceedings against Hidalgo.

Complete list of Jos Rizal's correspondence


Number

Year

Month

Day

Title

From

To

Location

Summary

503

1889

December

31

Mariano Ponce, Barcelona, 31 December 1889

Mariano Ponce

Jos Rizal

Barcelona

504

1890

Eduardo de Lete, [1890?]

Eduardo de Lete

Jos Rizal

505

1890

Rizal, Saturday, 1890?

Jos Rizal

Mariano Ponce

506

1890

December

Esteban Villanueva, Gijn, Spain, 1890

Esteban Villanueva

Jos Rizal

Gijn, Spain

Dinner of the Asociacin Hispano-Filipina in honor of Becerra The situation of the country will be
taken upSuccess and greetings

507

1890

January

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 2 January 1890

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

Greetings and Christmas gifts Reply to a letter of Lacalle Blumentritt's article on previous
censorship I must say that I like del Pilar better; he is serene and a politician ought to be serene
before anything else Meyer marvels at the "phenomenal gifts of your mind."

508

1890

January

Guillermo Puatu, Madrid, 2 January 1890

Guillermo Puatu

Jos Rizal

Madrid

509

1890

January

Rizal, Paris, 3 January 1890

Jos Rizal

Mariano Ponce

Paris

510

1890

January

Manuel T. Hidalgo, Manila, 5 January 1890

Manuel T. Hidalgo

Jos Rizal

Manila

You should support Governor Mompeon y Loret of Laguna, because so long as he is in the province,
we need not fear anythingNow there is more patriotism; a newspaper that writes against Filipino
writers in abandoned by its Filipino subscribersLectura Popular, under the direction of Mr. Juan
Atayde.

511

1890

January

Rizal, London, 7 January 1890

Jos Rizal

A. B. Meyer

London

Paper and book ordered by Dr. A. B. Meyer that cannot be found in Paris Rizal appreciates his
friendly advice.

512

1890

January

12

Guillermo Puatu, Madrid, 12 January 1890

Guillermo Puatu

Jos Rizal

Madrid

Funds for the subscription to El Da Subsidy offered by Filipinos and turned down by the director

Jos Rizal

Paris

To visit the libraries of Holland in search of books on the Philippines of the XVII century La Previa
Censura, Blumentritt's article in La Solidaridad, praised by all How a foreigner can love the
Filipinos! "You have not written a novel," says Fr. Faura, "you have described the sad condition of
the country." Prometheus tied to a rock by Jupiter in order to hand over to mortals the divine
spark God should not be used as a shield for abuses "Why should I not combat this religion with
all my strength when it is the primary cause of our sufferings and tears?"

Magnificent prologue to the Morga by BlumentrittThe book is a great blow to the enemies
Banquet in honor of the liberal pressSilent revolvers?Projected book on the lives of notable
Filipinos. Ponce asks Rizal to send data
A savage act of a Spaniard angers Lete A fellow countrywoman was the victim An attorney and
prosecutor should be appointed to file case against the offender
Some subscriptions to La Solidaridad What is happening to Ponce is no cause for worry to an
Indio

Rizal's membership fee in Asociacin hispano-filipina End-of-the-year dinner with allusions to


Rizal and Juan Luna as glories of the Philippines

Encourages Ponce to write Forward and fear nothing; you have a good style

513

1890

January

20

Rizal, Paris, 20 January 1890

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

514

1890

January

24

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 24 January 1890

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

Wonderful letter of Rizal on the abuse of religion Insolent letter of Retana From the ox nothing
can be expected but ox meat.

515

1890

January

25

Fernando Acevedo, Zaragoza, Spain, 25 January


1890

Fernando Acevedo

Jos Rizal

Zaragoza, Spain

Rizal is surrounded by enthusiastic reformists: Luna and Ventura Acevedo is infantry lieutenant
In good standing in Zaragoza's high society He owns a printing press Sends Rizal a book from
his press He is appointed counsel for a colonel to be tried by a military council composed of
brigadier generals. There are no Filipinos in Zaragoza A Filipino defends a Spaniard before the
Council of War

516

1890

January

31

Manuel Arias y Rodriguez, Manila, 31 January 1890

Manuel Arias y
Rodriguez

Jos Rizal

Manila

Directions for sending books to Manila He is indignant at the deportation of Rizals brother-in-law,
Manuel T. Hidalgo Obstructions to Becerra's educational reforms These are Peninsular
Spaniards in favor of Philippine progress He signs the post script with his masonic name and rank

517

1890

February

Rizal to Vicente Barrantes, February 1890

Jos Rizal

Vicente Barrantes

518

1890

February

Pedro de Govantes, Madrid, 2 February 1890

Pedro de Govantes

Jos Rizal

Madrid

519

1890

February

Rizal, Brussels, 2 February 1890

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Brussels

Rizal replies to Barrantes' criticism of Noli me tngere He points out Barrantes' inconsistencies
It is a strong and courageous reply.
Returning to Manila he cannot take charge of the case of Rizal's brother-in-law, Manuel T. Hidalgo
Rizal's petition to the minister of colonies for an investigation is heeded

Jesuitical contrasts Praise for the Noli by Fr. SnchezBook on ideal priests For what?To cloak
wolves with the skin of sheepTo awaken my countrymen from their profound lethargy Not by
means of soft sounds but with blows and detonations"Your mission is to baptize the heathen but
mine is to make men worthy"The Jesuits are not at the vanguard for not accepting the liberal
principles of progress.

Complete list of Jos Rizal's correspondence


Number

Year

Month

Day

Title

From

To

Location

Summary

520

1890

February

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 3 February 1890

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

An absurd attack of Barrantes against Rizal and Blumentritt Barrantes accuses Blumentritt of
being paid to attack the Spaniards.

521

1890

February

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 4 February 1890

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

"Barrantes connects me with Bismarck's reptile fund" He recognizes Rizal as foremost among the
Filipinos.

522

1890

February

Valentin Ventura, Paris, 5 February 1890

Valentin Ventura

Jos Rizal

Paris

He explains the disappointment of the Pardo de Tavera family at Rizals departureWould like him to
stay for a birthday dinner Would Rizal want issues of La Solidaridad and El Da sent to him?

523

1890

February

Juan Luna, Paris, 9 February 1890

Juan Luna

Jos Rizal

Paris

The Filipino colony in Paris - Luna inquires about the second part of Noli Luna's new painting
Cover page of La Ilustracin Filipina drawn by Luna

524

1890

February

10

Marcelo H. del Pilar, 10 February 1890

Marcelo H. del Pilar

Jos Rizal

525

1890

February

12

Rizal, Brussels, 12 February 1890

Jos Rizal

Mariano Ponce

Brussels

526

1890

February

12

Marcelo H. del Pilar, Madrid, 12 February 1890

Marcelo H. del Pilar

Jos Rizal

Madrid

527

1890

February

16

Rizal, Brussels, 16 February 1890

Jos Rizal

Mariano Ponce

Brussels

528

1890

February

17

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 17 February 1890

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

529

1890

February

24

Valentin Ventura, Paris 24 February 1890

Valentin Ventura

Jos Rizal

Paris

530

1890

February

25

Manuel Arias y Rodriguez, Manila, 25 February 1890

Manuel Arias y
Rodriguez

Jos Rizal

Manila

531

1890

February

28

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 28 February 1890

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

532

1890

February

28

Marcelo H. del Pilar, Madrid, 28 February 1890

Marcelo H. del Pilar

Jos Rizal

Madrid

533

1890

March

Rizal, Brussels, 5 March 1890

Jos Rizal

A. B. Meyer

Brussels

The use of hashish in the PhilippinesThe Filipinos drank arak, nipa-palm and coconut wine and
chewed buyo before the coming of the SpaniardsOpium was introduced later.

534

1890

March

Rizal, Brussels, 6 March 1890

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Brussels

Rizal does not like mutual praisesBarrantes' article on the "Tagalog Theater" is infested with errors
"I fear he may die of rage upon reading Blumentritt's criticism" "It would be great loss to my
zoological garden" said Rizal"He is one of the best specimens of my reptiles and
hippopotamuses."

535

1890

March

10

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 10 March 1890

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

The hecatombBlumentritt confers the title of Diwata on Barrantes because Barrantes believes that
diwata is a devil of the worst kind.

536

1890

March

19

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 19 March 1890

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

Blumentritt finishes his reply to Barrantes "I sleep little, but when sleeping I have pleasant
dreams and I see the beautiful scenery of the Philippines."

537

1890

March

31

Rizal, Brussels, 31 March 1890

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Brussels

Contribution of 70 pesetas to the International Association of Philippinists Rizal's petition


submitted to Minister Capdepon Pedro Serrano Laktaw in disgrace Rizal should send copies of
his books to Jose Ma. Basa at Hong Kong who can forward them to Manila
Rizal likes Ponce's articles Panday Pira Collected articles of Ponce Low cost of living in
Brussels A city more beautiful than Barcelona Why do not more Filipinos come to Brussels?
Blumentritt is furious at Barrantes Will write a series of articles The friars want to conclude a
peace pact with Filipino young men A programme for mutual rapprochement What Rizal's and
del Pilar's attitude would be
Rizal cannot understand an article of Mir Deas Biographies of notable Filipinos that ought to be
published There are many snakes in the ranks of the enemy Ponce ought to go to Madrid to
help in the editing of La Solidaridad
Blumentritt is very busy agitating for the overthrow of the present municipal government because of
its nepotism Great effect of Filipinas dentro de cien aos The liberal group in Spain now looks
at the Philippines with different eyes Meyer, ordinarily cautious in his praises, speaks with
admiration of Rizal.
Cost of living in Brussels compared to that of Paris is after all not so cheap Ventura offers Rizal
his apartment at Paris and money he needs any
He received the bill of lading of a box of copies of Rizal's edition of Morga Because of strict
censorship he does not know when the books will be released and whether they will be allowed to
circulate Some copies of it are already circulating secretlyIf difficulties arise, he will send the
books to Hong Kong and they will be sent back to him in packages His letters to Rizal will be
posted at Madrid or Barcelona to prevent their confiscation Rizal should keep secret their friendly
relations
Superb reply of Rizal to Barrantes Every phrase is a sitzt on the face of Barrantes.
Biographical data of Filipinos who are in Europe La Solidaridad is read in the Philippines
Weyler's dismissal?Antagonism between Becerra and Weyler

Mutual dreams"When I am already there, then you will come with your whole family and you will
live with me" "I shall devote myself to the sciences, I shall read and write history; I shall establish
a school ... and you will be its director""The cream of the youth of the country will come to us"
Blumentritt and Rizal will remain in the memory of the Filipino people.

Complete list of Jos Rizal's correspondence


Number

Year

Month

Day

Title

From

To

Location

Summary

538

1890

April

Guillermo Puatu, Madrid, 1 April 1890

Guillermo Puatu

Jos Rizal

Madrid

Puatu asks to write an article for El Clamor, formerly La Regencia Another for El Da, organ of
Romero Robledo.He prefers Rizal's writings "Don't discuss the question of representation in
Cortes"

539

1890

April

Manuel T. Hidalgo, Manila, 1 April 1890

Manuel T. Hidalgo

Jos Rizal

Manila

No letters from Rizal False news about him from friar sources, among which that he had died of
poisoning or he had been bought by the friars

540

1890

April

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 3 April 1890

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

"Our mutual dreams are very curious." Analogy between Germans and Tagalogs, Germans and
Igorots. Philippine music resembles Slavic melodies. A wish, probably unrealizable, to go to the
Philippines. Del Pilar's bad luck. An article of Professor Kern about the origin of the Malayan
race.

541

1890

April

Rizal, Brussels, 4 April 1890

Jos Rizal

Marcelo H. del Pilar

Brussels

Rizal would like del Pilar to sign his article with his true name in prepare him to take his place
When Philippine representation is secured. Rizal will retire to devote himself to teaching. Our
brains are our only redemption. Indifference of Filipinos Who is Hector Harfield? We or they

542

1890

April

16

Valentin Ventura, Paris, 16 April 1890

Valentin Ventura

Jos Rizal

Paris

543

1890

April

17

Rizal, Brussels, 17 April 1890

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Brussels

Rizal, historiographer and ethnographer Various works on oriental countries In search of light
on the Philippines and the Malayans Studies Dutch Orders Kern's new bookInvestigating the
origin of Malayan race.

544

1890

April

20

Concepcion Leyba, Manila, 20 April 1890

Concepcion Leyba

Jos Rizal

Manila

Very pleasant and sad remembrances News about relatives and friends "...your return might be
fatal... I believe it would be imprudence on your part to come at this time..."

545

1890

May

Antonio Luna, Madrid, 3 May 1890

Antonio Luna

Jos Rizal

Madrid

Duels between Filipinos and SpaniardsResult favorable to FilipinosNew technique in the use of
foil What does Rizal think of Luna's article, "The Teacher"? Luna asks Rizal for more complete
biographical data

546

1890

May

Juan Luna, Paris, 5 May 1890

Juan Luna

Jos Rizal

Paris

New paintings of LunaExhibition of the "Independents" Arrival of Felipe Roxas and the young
painter Asuncion, pensioned by Agustina Medel The Filipinos of Madrid are gamblers.

547

1890

May

Valentin Ventura, Paris, 6 May 1890

Valentin Ventura

Jos Rizal

Paris

More on the gambling Filipinos in MadridJuan Luna wants to know if his brother Antonio is one of
them Ventura asks Rizal to write to those Filipinos and counsel them

548

1890

May

15

Valentin Ventura, Paris, 15 May 1890

Valentin Ventura

Jos Rizal

Paris

Ventura receives from Rizal a little clay figure He is not sure for whom it isPlanning a trip to
Germany with Rizal

549

1890

May

19

Valentin Ventura, Paris, 19 May 1890

Valentin Ventura

Jos Rizal

Paris

Ventura is worried about Rizal's silence Has received no reply to his letters Forwarding a letter
and newspapers from Hong Kong

550

1890

May

26

Rizal, Brussels, 26 May 1890

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Brussels

Recollections of Father Snchez Mandaya, Mandayak, and Dayaks "I envy the Mandayas for
their penal code" Mandaya terms in Tagalog lexicon The cup of rice in the marriage ceremony
of the Mandayas, Japanese, and ancient Tagalogs Rizal will translate Kern's works Of great
effect if the Filipinos see our names together Books on history and geography Rizal's
Annotations to Morga widely read and sought.

551

1890

May

26

Juan Luna, Paris, 26 May 1890

Juan Luna

Jos Rizal

Paris

Publications which do not reach La Union. The province suffers from so many reformsFavors a
contest of "Chinese" sharp shooters in Madrid Luna's brother in La Union is anti-friar and
reformist

552

1890

May

26

Rizal, Brussels, 26 May 1890

Jos Rizal

Mariano Ponce

Brussels

Tagalog books written in the new orthographyCase vs. Ponce dropped by the Barcelona judge
The Agenda Editorial at Manila orders copies of the Noli

553

1890

May

27

Paciano Rizal, 27 May 1890

Paciano Rizal

Jos Rizal

554

1890

May

28

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 28 May 1890

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

555

1890

May

28

Rizal, Brussels, 28 May 1890

Jos Rizal

Marcelo H. del Pilar

Brussels

Rizal writes del Pilar, "I'm not sending you articles so that our other fellow countrymen might write
and be known." Ramiro Franco is one of the few who have dared to express publicly his ideas
about the Noli A vigorous novel by Franco The Filipino does not come to Europe to gamble, for
in the Philippines there is already much gambling

556

1890

May

30

Josefa Rizal, Calamba, 30 May 1890

Josefa Rizal

Jos Rizal

Calamba

Josefa's trip to Lipa.

Good aim of Rizal Some news Unable to get better price for Rizal's furniture

Two copies of the Rizal Edition of MorgaThe friars persecute the Rizal family Conflict with the
Calamba EstateProposed solution of the problem More lavish reception for the friar provincials
than for the governor general Failure to capture bandits in the environs Epidemic of insanity
Rizal's sister Narcisa, a victimEconomic difficulties of the family.
Translation of Kern's article Origin of the words mandaya and dayak "Those who persist in
believing in the innate superiority of the white man should be hooked to a plow together with the
carabao."

Complete list of Jos Rizal's correspondence


Number

Year

Month

Day

Title

From

To

Location

Summary

557

1890

May

30

Lucia Rizal, Calamba, 30 May 1890

Lucia Rizal

Jos Rizal

Calamba

Family News Abuses of the lay brothers.

558

1890

May

30

Trinidad Rizal, Calamba, 30 May 1890

Trinidad Rizal

Jos Rizal

Calamba

Birthday of Rizal's father Marriage of Choleng with Quintero.

559

1890

[May]

30

Angelica Lopez, Calamba, 30 [May]1890

Angelica Lopez

Jos Rizal

Calamba

Anglica Lpez wants to go to a boarding school, colegio Would like Rizal to come home
Paciano looks like an old man Bathing at Pansol.

560

1890

June

Antonino Lopez, Manila, 2 June 1890

Antonino Lopez

Jos Rizal

Manila

His two sons will enroll at the Jesuit School, Ateneo Municipal Case of Hacienda (Estate) of
Calamba will be appealed to the Madrid Court.

561

1890

June

Narcisa Rizal, Manila, 2 June 1890

Narcisa Rizal

Jos Rizal

Manila

Rizal resentful for not having received letters from his family Family news.

562

1990

June

Mariano Ponce, Barcelona, 2 June 1890

Mariano Ponce

Jos Rizal

Barcelona

563

1890

June

Saturnina Rizal, Manila, 2 June 1890

Saturnina Rizal

Jos Rizal

Manila

564

1890

June

Rizal, Brussels, 4 June 1890

Jos Rizal

Mariano Ponce

Brussels

Rizal writes Ponce in Tagalog Returning Ramon Riego de Dios' greetings Rizal is very friendly
towards those who Know how to love their native country He esteems those of Kawit or
Maragondong "May the flowers from the Philippines not wither in Spain." May Riego de Dios
excel Rizal "Great is my hope that the rising generation will surpass that of the past and of the
future.

565

1890

June

Rizal, Brussels, 6 June 1890

Jos Rizal

Soledad Rizal

Brussels

You should be a model of virtues and good qualities "for the one who should teach should be better
than the persons who need her learning" Advice to his young sisters.

566

1890

June

Marcelo H. del Pilar, Madrid, 8 June 1890

Marcelo H. del Pilar

Jos Rizal

Madrid

Del Pilar wants Rizal to continue writing for La Solidaridad Rizal's collaboraotion is very much
appreciated Filipinos now abstain from gambling on account of Rizal's advice Villalva Hervs
will speak to the Republicans and Conservatives to favor La Solidaridads bill They are waiting for
Rizal's reply concerning the case of his exiled brother-in-law

567

1890

June

11

Rizal, Brussels, 11 June 1890

Jos Rizal

Marcelo H. del Pilar

Brussels

Rizal is not seceding; he wishes only to rest and let other pen shine Gloomy presentiments and
sad dreams Earnestly wishes to finish the 2nd volume of the Noli and be ready for any eventuality
Will send articles Filipino youth's duty is to redeem the native land

568

1890

June

23

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 23 June 1890

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

Blumentritt is saddened bv Rizal's departure for his native land: "Don't go to the Philippines but to
Madrid where you can serve your country better." He believes that Tagalog, Bisayan, and Ilocano
will absorb all the rest of the dialects It is good
for Spanish to be the official language to provide a common bond.

569

1890

June

24

Mariano Ponce, Barcelona, 24 June 1890

Mariano Ponce

Jos Rizal

Barcelona

Our unlucky star in Barcelona Jose Roxas, a promising compatriot, died of measles an untimely
death Jeana, abandoned by the one who promised to support him He persists in going to Cuba
Panganiban in disgrace for an indiscretion

570

1890

June

28

Rizal, Brussels, 28 June 1890

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Brussels

571

1890

June

29

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 29 June 1890

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

572

1890

June

30

Aristeo Ubaldo, Manila, 30 June 1890

Aristeo Ubaldo

Jos Rizal

Manila

Rizal's nephews are progressing in their studies.

573

1890

June

30

Silvestre Ubaldo, Manila, 30 June 1890

Silvestre Ubaldo

Jos Rizal

Manila

Papers on eviction raised by Hacienda de Calamba sent to Rizal.

574

1890

July

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 2 July 1890

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

575

1890

July

Rizal, Brussels, 3 July 1890

Jos Rizal

Antonio Luna

Brussels

We now have a rule on which to base Tagalog orthography Copies of Noli sent to the Agencia
Editorial of Arias More copies of Morga Ponce's son wants a picture of Rizal Ramn Riego de
Dios, a progressive compatriot, wishes to be counted among Rizal's friends
Rizal's brother-in-law is exiled again He was arrested at Christmas
while he was eating with his family.

Distressing news from home The parents and sisters of Rizal are victims of persecution The
fear of banishment eclipses reason in some of the persecuted Progress in the study of French
Rizal, according to Chapusset, has much spirit and imagination With a Buddhistic spirit he thinks
differently from the Europeans A Tseng-Ki-Tong in miniature.
"Rizal, under the protection of the highest powers" For the purity of Tagalog Formation of
Tagalog words and roots Tagalog lexicography can be enriched.

The sufferings of Rizal's family Imagination is not an enemy of style Not every style should be
original Only geniuses have originality Rizal's book will be written in French Scheidnagel
tries to sell a collection of ethnographic objects of the Philippines to the Dresden Museum.
The handling of a weapon gives moral strength to the individual Rizal's doings in
Shooting exercises Possible trip to Germany

Brussels

Complete list of Jos Rizal's correspondence


Number

Year

Month

Day

Title

From

To

Location

Summary

576

1890

July

Rizal, Brussels, 5 July 1890

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Brussels

Gift of two sculptures (the Scientia is broken) Blumentritt does not look well in the picture As if
devoid of a kind heart The spectacles are to blame What happened to Becerra's promises?
Don't leave for tomorrow what can be done today!

577

1890

July

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 9 July 1890

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

Appreciation for Rizal's artistic present Favored by God whose brow the genius of the sublime has
kissed His home, a treasury of Filipino art The Austrian press gave much publicity to the change
of ministry in Spain Against Canovas Why did the queen choose him?

578

1890

July

Rizal, Brussels, 9 July 1890

Jos Rizal

Mariano Ponce

Brussels

Thinking of returning to the Philippines Lopez Jaena also should go back to the Philippines
instead of going to Cuba Better return to the Philippines and be killed for his ideas We die only
once.

579

1890

July

11

Valentin Ventura, Paris, 11 July 1890

Valentin Ventura

Jos Rizal

Paris

580

1890

July

14

Mariano Ponce, Barcelona, 14 July 1890

Mariano Ponce

Jos Rizal

Barcelona

581

1890

July

18

Rizal, Brussels, 18 July 1890

Jos Rizal

Marcelo H. del Pilar

Brussels

The case against the Hacienda de Calamba is in the Supreme Court, Madrid

582

1890

July

18

Rizal, Brussels, 18 July 1890

Jos Rizal

Mariano Ponce

Brussels

Short of money Desire to return to the Philippines even if that is rashness "As we are not doing
well on the path of prudence, I am going to look for another." It is better to die in the Philippines
than to do badly in Europe

583

1890

July

20

Rizal, Brussels, 20 July 1890

Jos Rizal

Marcelo H. del Pilar

Brussels

584

1890

July

20

Rizal, Brussels, 20 July 1890

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Brunn

Rizal is determined to return to the native country though he may have "to pass over serpents and
vipers." "Those peoples would better be assimilated by a greater Malayan nation than by a
Spanish one.

585

1890

July

24

Juan Luna, Benzeval-Houlgate, France, 24 July 1890

Juan Luna

Jos Rizal

France

From Trouville to Benzeval Juan Luna visits Madrid The Filipino colony: all like before
Through the influence of Antonio Luna the Filipinos have taken up fencing The fame of being
brave and strong A position for Antonio in La Solidaridad Painting landscapes or catching
shrimps and talanka Biblioteca-Museo de Ultramar would like copies of Rizal's works

586

1890

July

29

Rizal, Brussels, 29 July 1890

Jos Rizal

Mariano Ponce

Brussels

Rizal announces in a post card in Tagalog his trip to Madrid

587

1890

August

Petite Suzanne, Brussels, August 1890

Petite Suzanne

Jos Rizal

Brussels

The following letter was published in the Philippines Herald, 29 December 1929, which is an English
translation of the original letter in French which has been lost.

588

1890

August

Jos Ma. Basa, Hong Kong, 4 August 1890

Jos Ma. Basa

Jos Rizal

Hong Kong

589

1890

August

11

Silvestre Ubaldo, Manila, 11 August 1890

Silvestre Ubaldo

Jos Rizal

Manila

The power of attorney of Paciano and letters of the family The unhappy incident about the friar
estate.

590

1890

August

13

Juan Luna, Houlgate, France, 13 August 1890

Juan Luna

Jos Rizal

France

Even the son of Barrantes is against him Requests the payment of his brother's boarding-house
expenses On Rizal's projected return to the Philippines And the second part of the celebrated
Noli? Luna offers to illustrate it Make of the Filipino youth a bunch of ready combatants for the
honor of the raceHow delightful is country life!

591

1890

August

20

Rizal, Madrid, 20 August 1890

Jos Rizal

Madrid

Exiles, vile tricks, reprisals of the government With these persecutions Providence keeps awake
the popular spirit They teach us to scorn dangers, to hate tyrannies.

592

1890

August

24

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 24 August 1890

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

593

1890

August

26

Juan Luna, Benzeval-Houlgate, France, 26 August


1890

Juan Luna

Jos Rizal

France

594

1890

September

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 6 September 1890

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

Ventura abandons his proposed trip with Rizal to Germany and Switzerland
Order for P25 for Rizal from sale of his book Ponce is opposed to Rizal's return to the Philippines
His life is in danger It would be better if he should go to Spain joining del Pilar and Ponce in
Madrid Serrano is in Europe to meet Rizal Jaena granted free passage to Cuba by the Ministry
of Colonies

Continuation of the "Indolencia de los Filipinos" Petition to the Supreme Court, Madrid, regarding
the case of the Hacienda de Calamba

Letter to the Propaganda of Manila Basa promises to pension Rizal with P100 monthly Opposes
his return to Manila Invites him to settle in Hong Kong and_practice his profession Basa
complains about the irregular receipt of La Solidaridad

Is Paciano the noble, another victim of the bailiffs? Newspaper campaign to denounce to the
world the inhuman and barbaric violation of the most sacred human rights Blumentritt
recommends: "Ask the queen for protection against the abuses." One more station on the va
crucis which leads to redemption.
Unpleasant incident because of wine Antonio Luna has strong character and amour propre Tie
him if he gets drunk again Will Rizal please advise him as a good friend T. H. Pardo de Tavera
is also learning fencing
Academic idleness The Elbe overflows The environs of Leitmeritz look like a lake AntiDesengaos articles for La Solidaridad.

Complete list of Jos Rizal's correspondence


Number

Year

Month

Day

Title

From

To

Location

Summary
Evicted from their old homestead Paciano and other principal citizens of Calamba exiled to
Mindoro Getting accustomed to the pains of separation for the sake of the country Mishap in
the burial of a corpse Avidity to read the second
part of Noli.

595

1890

September

Saturnina Rizal, Manila, 6 September 1890

Saturnina Rizal

Jos Rizal

Manila

596

1890

September

Matias Belarmino, Calamba, 6 September 1890

Matias Belarmino

Jos Rizal

Calamba

Money order for P200 as a remembrance to Rizal of some of his fellow townsmen What will be the
fate of the appeal of the Calamba tenants to the authorities in Madrid.

597

1890

September

29

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 29 September 1890

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

Desengaos does not deserve a reply with the pen but with the rattan The Spaniard is impressed
only by valor and might. It is good for the Philippine cause that the friars have only intriguers at
their services and not men of talent God helps he who helps himself The artistic sense of the
Tagalogs The statuette Victory of Death over Life admired by two German artists.

598

1890

October

Petite Susanne, Brussels, 1 October 1890

Petite Suzanne

Jos Rizal

Brussels

Mr. Baudrio came from Madrid, bringing a letter of Rizal Rizal's friends at Brussels are desirous of
seeing him again with them.

599

1890

October

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 7 October 1890

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

600

1890

October

Catalino Dimayuga, Villa de Lipa, 8 October 1890

Catalino Dimayuga

Jos Rizal

Villa de Lipa

601

1890

October

Matias Belarmino, Calamba, 8 October 1890

Matias Belarmino

Jos Rizal

Calamba

The Tagalog translation of William Tell by Rizal Dispossession of tenants is approved Appeal of
the tenants concerned If the case reaches the Supreme Court, Mr. Marcelo H. del Pilar will defend
the tenants High rent discourages the farmers Reprisal in the form of administrative
proceedings against the appellants.

602

1890

October

12

Juan Luna, Paris, 12 October 1890

Juan Luna

Jos Rizal

Paris

Matriculation fee of Antonio Our detractors believe that the best painters in the world are of their
race

603

1890

October

15

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 15 October 1890

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

The sufferings of Rizal's family Expose the injustice and harshness of the Government Silvino
Pellico's In mia prigione "Friars and Priests" Rizal's articles for Times and Globus The
intellectual unity of the human species A circular of the Societ Indo-Chinoise Equality and
preference in the employment of the natives The French will grant pagans rights which Spaniards
deny Christians.

604

1890

October

15

Pedro A. Paterno, Raoa, 15 October 1890

Pedro A. Paterno

Jos Rizal

Raoa

Mr. Pedro A. Patemo is marrying Miss Luisa Pieyro, an aristocratic Spanish lady Cordial invitation
to Rizal and other compatriots.

605

1890

October

17

Narcisa Rizal, Manila, 17 October 1890

Narcisa Rizal

Jos Rizal

Manila

A draft for $400 from relatives and fellow townsmen Even women send help to Rizal for his
propaganda campaign It is not prudent for Rizal to return home He would be persecuted His
positive value in Europe Pleasant news from home.

606

1890

November

Guillermo Puatu, Pontevedra, Spain, 2 November


1890

Guillermo Puatu

Jos Rizal

Pontevedra, Spain

Rizal, "titular head of the Filipinos" Amicable settlement of the question between the Puatu family
and M. H. del Pilar Praises Rizal's ability to settle amicably discords between compatriots

607

1890

November

Juan Luna, Paris, 8 November 1890

Juan Luna

Jos Rizal

Paris

Concerning "A Reply to I. de los Reyes" Isabelo made a mistake in refuting Anotaciones a la
Historia de Morga Luna dedicates to Rizal a sketch of the death of Magellan A more appropriate
title would be Victory of Lapulapu and Flight of the Spaniards."

608

1890

November

Raimundo de Perio, Paris, 9 November 1890

Raimundo de Peiro

Jos Rizal

Paris

I uphold and will uphold our political ideas, but without money I will have to ask favors from persons
who perhaps entertain opposite ideas

609

1890

November

10

Concepcin Leyba, Manila, 10 November 1890

Concepcin Leyba

Jos Rizal

Manila

610

1890

December

Esteban Villanueva, Gijn, Spain, 2 December 1890 Esteban Villanueva

Jos Rizal

Gijn, Spain

611

1890

December

16

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 16 December 1890

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

612

1890

December

17

Juan Luna, Paris, 17 December 1890

Juan Luna

Jos Rizal

Paris

A draft for the boarding-house expenses of Antonio Luna

613

1890

December

21

Juan Luna, Paris, 21 December 1890

Juan Luna

Jos Rizal

Paris

Blumentritt'pictures are well received Rizal's dispute with Retana Did not go beyond
rectification Retana talks disparagingly of Luna's paintings Will Rizal please counsel his brother
Antonio Students ought to be inspired by Rizal's example

Prospectuses of German universities for the information of Filipino students. The technical
institutes of Graz, Dresden, and Mittweida Mittweida is suitable for those who have not yet
finished the secondary German course (Oberrealschule).
Thanks to Lauro's tutor Advises his son to be a useful man Uneasiness about scrofula If a
change of climate is necessary, go abroad and study beside Rizal Dimayuga esteems Rizal
Order for 500 pesos as the contribution of several Lipa friends toward the campaign La
Solidaridad advances in Batangas

Pepito Leyba is now an officer in the upper class Soledad Rizal is married Advice on the
education of children.
Christmas Greetings
The 167 pictures of Blumentritt The return of the shackles The History of Ilocos by I. de los
Reyes is anti-Spanish propaganda The Quioquiaps will utilize I. de los Reyes' refutation as an
instrument to divide the Filipinos into Guelphs and Ghibelines The scientific world looks upon Rizal
as a "man of gigantic spiritual grandeur."

Complete list of Jos Rizal's correspondence


Number

Year

Month

Day

Title

From

To

Location

Summary

614

1890

December

22

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 22 December 1890

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

615

1891

April

Eduardo de Lete, 1891

Eduardo de Lete

Jos Rizal

616

1891

January

Rizal, Madrid, 7 January 1891

Jos Rizal

Fr. Vicente Garcia

Madrid

Defense of the truth, humanity, and justice is undeserved if it's to be thanked forWe need the
experience and the applause of the oldLet us turn our eyes towards our eldersLeave us in
writing your thoughts and the fruits of your experience Many have died without bequeathing to us
nothing more than die fame of their nameThere's individual progress, but not nationalA tear and
a just word when one succumbs "I've suffered harsh death for saving men. What have you done
for your brothers?"

617

1891

January

11

Luis Habaa, Calamba, 11 January 1891

Luis Habaa

Jos Rizal

Calamba

Mr. Felipe Buencamino attorney of the defendants in the Hacienda de Kalamba case Displays his
talent in the defense of the poor tenants Mr. Doroteo Cortes and those of Sta. Cruz1 and
Pagsanjan are helping him The dispossessed of Calamba are not afraid of any adverse judicial
action They will fight for their rights until the end "We feel encouraged whenever we receive a
letter of Rizal and read the name of Blumentritt."
The Hacienda de Calamba caseCopy of the brief presented to the Supreme TribunalLong account
of the ejection of the tenants Cruelties and abusesScenes of desolationPayment of rent as the
only remedyThey spread the information that Blumentritt has been won by the friarsRizal,
defeated was not allowed to appeal to the Supreme Court Appointment of friar partisans to
discourage the people and compel payment Another 13 defendantsThe same sword hangs over
those of Sta. Cruz Rizal's father ejected from his house for questioning the payment of urban
taxes

A fraternal gift of the Filipinos to Blumentritt: A draft on a London bank and a gold penAn article
by Rizal for Globus and another on the civilization of the Filipinos at the time of conquest
Vivisection of Esbozos y Pinceladas of Quioquiap Universal suffrage is dangerous in a country
where the masses are uneducated Around the Christmas tree.
Lete appreciate Rizal's congratulationsHe is on the staff of La Reforma Continues his patriotic
laborsThe task is common, the goal only one"May fortune guide us!"

618

1891

January

11

Nicasio Eigasani, Calamba, 11 January 1891

Nicasio Eigasani

Jos Rizal

Calamba

619

1891

January

21

Rizal, Madrid, 21 January 1891

Jos Rizal

Jos Ma. Basa

Madrid

Conspiracy against RizalDel Pilar, the toolThe Propaganda is against Rizal's returnProject of
establishing a school in Hong Kong with Rizal as directorTo teach languages, science, and arts
Kunanan will be the manager and will leave for Hong Kong to choose a site and an adequate
building

620

1891

January

27

Eduardo de Lete, Madrid, 27 January 1891

Eduardo de Lete

Jos Rizal

Madrid

In order to dispel doubts and bitterness Interest in their removal Lete justifies himself
Meanness Spirit of rivalry and envy? Concerning the appointment of "one who would direct our
work and our life" Lete did not vote for Rizal to maintain his prestige He entrusts himself to the
good judgment of Rizal Has no intention of overthrowing him Nor did he ridicule his laudable,
project Lete's act of vindication

621

1891

February

Mariano Ponce, Madrid, 4 February 1891

Mariano Ponce

Jos Rizal

Madrid

Llorente is leavingPlaridel elected Responsable. Waiting for a Rizalian article "Everything the
same as when you were here" Souvenir of Chambery Everybody is asking for Rizal

622

1891

February

Felipe Buencamino, Calamba, 7 February 1891

Felipe Buencamino

Jos Rizal

Calamba

Attorney of the defendantsConvinced of the justice of the case Interesting account of the case
The technique of the defenseIncidents which excited the authoritiesMost lamentable condition of
the property of the Rizal familyThe Governor offers his helpSuspension of judgment for six
monthsFor a conciliatory formulaBases of a settlementPower of attorney given to. Mr. Yriarte

623

1891

February

Toms Arjola, Madrid, 9 February 1891

Toms Arjola

Jos Rizal

Madrid

Rizal's moral influence on the FilipinosRegrets for Rizal's absence from Madrid The path of glory
means sacrificesThey support Rizal's ideas Suggests that Rizal marry the beautiful Adelina
Boustead and live in Europe.

624

1891

February

11

Rizal, Biarritz, 11 February 1891

Jos Rizal

Mariano Ponce

Biarritz

Rizal cannot send articles for the presentWill write again if necessary He hopes he may no
longer be indispensable He believes in their ability to handle all the work that has to be doneAt
Biarritz his health is improving

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

Jos Rizal

Calamba

625

1891

February

15

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 15 February 1891

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

626

1891

March

10

Narcisa Rizal, Calamba, 10 March 1891

Narcisa Rizal

After all the misfortunes suffered by Rizal now his beloved abandons him How it hurts his heart
But Rizal is like those heroes who conquer the pain of love's wounds"You have a brave heart and a
more noble woman looks at you lovingly: Your Native Land" The Philippines is like one of the
enchanted princesses of German folklore An album of ethnographic objects from Northern Luzon
Igorot pipes which prove the existence of ancient relations with Japan Another review of the
Quioquiaps.
At last the eviction Unfortunate fellow townsmen of Rizal thrown out to the street Deprived of
their lands, homes, farm animals, and crops of sugar, rice, and all the other fruits of their labor
More than 300 families, almost the whole town, punished Even boys and girls of 12 must buy
cedulas at 4 reales A shepherd hit by a civil guard on the mouth with the butt of the gun loses
two teeth Calamba is dying: Picture of hunger and death The persecuted clamor for justice
before the Supreme Court.

Complete list of Jos Rizal's correspondence


Number

Year

Month

Day

Title

From

To

Location

Summary

627

1891

March

28

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 28 March 1891

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

Rizal's silence A German (strong) reply of Blumentritt to the pamphlet The Philippines, a
Fundamental Problem believed to be by Quioquiap Whole phrases from his satirical letters on the
Noli He writes anonymously fearing that some Filipino rattan cane may lash him on the back
His motto: "Stick for the Filipinos and gold for the Castilas" (Spaniard) A good idea to render
useless the plan of the Quioquiaps.

628

1891

March

29

Rizal, Biarritz, 29 March 1891

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Biarritz

"When I think of my family, how I suffer! Had I less faith in God "Were I at the beginning of my
life, I would do the same thing I have done, because I ought to do it." "God could ask me: Why
did I not combat the evil and injustice when I saw them?" "When I think of my family suffering on
my account... and of the dearly beloved who left me... my heart bleeds!"

629

1891

April

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 1 April 1891

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

Rizal is sad, will find consolation in Paris Without details on El Filibusterismo It's regrettable
that we have to fight not with gentlemen but with bandits and groups of Quioquiaps Desengaos
If some of the articles in La Solidaridad were translated into Philippine languages! Plans for our
campaign.

630

1891

April

Nellie Boustead, Biarritz, April 1891

Nellie Boustead

Jos Rizal

Biarritz

631

1891

April

Rizal, Paris, April 1891

Jos Rizal

Eduardo de Lete

Paris

632

1891

April

Edward Boustead, Biarritz, 2 April 1891

Edward Boustead

Jos Rizal

Biarritz

Thanks Rizal for news of friends in Paris Weather in Biarritz is magnificent Gives directions for
locating a large shop with oriental objects Is Felipe Engores a merchant or agent? Isabel's eyes
are well and she is grateful to Rizal.

633

1891

April

Rizal, Paris, 4 April 1891

Jos Rizal

Jos Ma. Basa

Paris

Rizal determined to join the patriot Basa in Hong KongHe is detained in Paris for lack of traveling
expenses If Basa would be so good as to advance him the passage money He plans to practice
ophthalmology there and earn his living through it

634

1891

April

Juan Zulueta, Manila, 6 April 1891

Juan Zulueta

Jos Rizal

Manila

Proposal to the Propaganda to place La Solidaridad under the direction of the Filipino colony
Conciliatory solution without hurting any one Save unity at any cost A solution that will not
slight Dimas Alang nor offend Brother Carmelo Avoid a schism

635

1891

April

11

Antonio Luna, Madrid, 11 April 1891

Antonio Luna

Jos Rizal

Madrid

Rizals opinion encourages Antonio Luna His book Impressiones is already published Who will
srite prologue? Pi y Margall? Morayta I dont expect success I would satisfied if I get onefifth of that of your Noli" "How's the second part?" Between Nelly and Luna only pure friendship
exists She would bring happiness to Rizal Studying chemical biology

636

1891

April

19

Rizal, Brussels, 19 April 1891

Jos Rizal

Jos Rizal

Brussels

637

1891

April

19

Antonio Luna, Madrid, 19 April 1891

Antonio Luna

Jos Rizal

Madrid

Luna explains his biography of Rizal It is incomplete He intends to enlarge it He refuses to


grant Rizal's request to withdraw it

638

1891

April

22

Toms Arjola, Madrid, 22 April 1891

Toms Arjola

Jos Rizal

Madrid

Lopez Jaena en route to the Philippines Decided to face grave perils in the Philippines "Willing
to fight if need be, to die if necessary" Because of his popularity they may respect him If not,
"the blood of the victims will penetrate the tomb of the tyrants" Rizal's return would displease the
whole colony It would be "an imprudence, a temerity.

639

1891

April

23

Rizal, Brussels, 23 April 1891

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Brussels

Everything has been sacrificed, nothing remains but ruins! My fiancee is marrying an Englishman, an
engineer of the railroad The first blow of the railroad is for me My whole family is courageously
united and faithful to the Filipino party! And now they use the name Rizal, the oriflamme of battle
Gold pen with diamonds, gift of the Pampangos to Blumentritt.

640

1891

April

24

Nellie Boustead, 24 April 1891

Nellie Boustead

Jos Rizal

Biarritz

Fragment of a letter of Miss Boustead to Rizal She talks about her religion Wishes Rizal a
happy trip home.

641

1891

April

26

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 26 April 1891

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

On his unhappy love "If she can give up Rizal, she is not of the stature of Rizal's heart"
Affectionate letter of Paciano Interesting book which furnishes weapons to the opponents of
Frailocraca Against Rizal's return to the Philippines "The native land needs your intelligence and
your freedom Better times are approaching for the Philippines The struggles of La Solidaridad
are not useless Study of the scientific basis of the Malayan language The gold pen has not
arrived.

642

1891

May

Rizal, Brussels, 1 May 1891

Jos Rizal

Deodato Arellano

Brussels

Draft for P100 of the Propaganda for January and February Rizal refuses the pension in order to go
home and practice his profession Philippines, Hong Kong, or Japan Europe seems to him a
place of exile That the Propaganda defray the expenses of a student with his $50 pension
When he becomes Independent he will again fight with more vigor

643

1891

May

Rizal, Brussels, 1 May 1891

Jos Rizal

Jos Ma. Basa

Brussels

Letter for the Propaganda Rizal's insistence on joining Basa at Hong Kong as soon as possible or
return soon to Manila Requesting earnestly for passage-money

644

1891

May

11

Nellie Boustead, Biarritz, 11 May 1891

Nellie Boustead

Jos Rizal

Biarritz

She advises Rizal not to ask her parents for her hand Her mother's opposition.

Miss Boustead would like Rizal to embrace Protestantism before agreeing to marry him.
Rizal sends Lete his visiting card with felicitations on his patriotic articles.

Rizal decided to leave for Hong Kong as soon as he receives Basa's letter Nothing now detains
him in Europe

Complete list of Jos Rizal's correspondence


Number

Year

Month

Day

Title

From

To

Location

Summary

645

1891

May

13

Juan Luna, Paris, 13 May 1891

Juan Luna

Jos Rizal

Paris

The bagoong ordered by Luna Kock's lymph Exhibiting two paintings at Champ devMars Les
Ignores, a painting of the humble and the disinherited Inspiration of socialist themes To
combat crude materialism, the exploitation of the poor, the struggle between the rich and the poor
Reading he Socialisme Contemporain. Luna's impressions of an iron foundry

646

1891

May

30

Rizal, Brussels, 30 May 1891

Jos Rizal

Jos Ma. Basa

Brussels

El Filibusterismo is finished and ready to go to press It will be ready within two months if there is
money More profound and perfect and written with more ardor than the Noli Has not received
a single word from Basa for two months Money fee the printing of the work

647

1891

June

13

Rizal, Brussels, 13 June 1891

Jos Rizal

Jos Ma. Basa

Brussels

Basa sends Rizal passage-money Orders second part of the Noli If the book is not published in
Europe, Rizal will send it to him Bigger than the Noli If something happens to him, Luna will
take care of its publication

648

1891

June

20

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 20 June 1891

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

649

1891

June

21

Rizal, Brussels, 21 June 1891

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Brussels

650

1891

July

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 5 July 1891

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

651

1891

July

Rizal, Ghent, 9 July 1891

Jos Rizal

Jos Ma. Basa

Ghent

Rizal receives the passage money from Basa Publishes El Filibusterismo, the second part of his
Noli, before leaving Europe Three months without receiving even a cent To print his work.
Rizal pawned his jewels Disheartened Forsaken by those who have promised to finance the
publication of his book Sends Basa page-proofs but asks him to burn them The friars may
scent the book He sends also books and personal effects to Hong Kong

652

1891

July

16

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 16 July 1891

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

Rizal's photo praised Two photos of Loleng one for Rizal and the other for Maximo Viola Sun
and warmth, Blumenritt's happines The Compania General de Tabacos de Filipinas and the
Austrian Government An article for La Solidaridad exposing the ignorance of Fabie.

653

1891

July

29

Rizal, Ghent, 29 July 1891

Jos Rizal

Eduardo de Lete

Ghent

Re ports on agricultural colonies at Hoogstraten and Bruges Rizal obtained the information from
the ministry of justice at Brussels

654

1891

August

Rizal, Gand, 4 August 1891

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Gand

Rizal is very busy Congratulations on the article "Mr. Fabie and Historical Truth."

655

1891

August

Rizal, Ghent, 6 August 1891

Jos Rizal

Jos Ma. Basa

Ghent

Rizal's books valued at P600 sent to Basa Macao postage stamps for Blumentritt, "the one who
works most for the Philippines" Printing of El Filibusterismo advances "But, if I do not get
money, I will have to suspend it" "With 2,500 francs a good printing press can be put up and the
two of us can exploit it"

656

1891

August

Marcelo H. del Pilar, Madrid, 7 August 1891

Marcelo H. del Pilar

Jos Rizal

Madrid

The order for Graciano will be carried out Also what refers to the prize for Luna The voice of
Manila is "reconciliation" There is really no resentment between Rizal and del Pilar Appreciating
Rizal's congratulations to La Solidaridad Invites Rizal to write again for it It would defeat friar
intrigue in the Philippines

657

1891

August

Juan Luna, Paris, 8 August 1891

Juan Luna

Jos Rizal

Paris

Thanks for the prize for his brother Antonio Philippine biographies for a contest for lgorrote
writers The lone contestant Rizal did not allow the inclusion of his biography Juan Luna also
wants his to be dropped The biographies in La Solidaridad are contraproducntum Juan Luna,
member of La Socit Nationale de Beaux-Arts The stay of Filipino students in Madrid should not
be unnecessarily prolonged Our artists M. Zaragoza, director of the Escuela de Pintura

658

1891

August

12

Rizal, Ghent, 12 August 1891

Jos Rizal

Marcelo H. del Pilar

Ghent

Resentments and disagreements? It is to talk of the nonexistentReasons why Rizal stopped


writing for La Solidaridad "I fight for the nation, the Philippines. Alejandrino and Evangelista are
studying On Sunday they eat together in Philippine style and talk about Philippine problems

659

1891

August

14

Rizal, Europe, 14 August 1891

Jos Rizal

Juan Zulueta

Europe

Concerning the chief of the Filipino colony in Madrid and the administration of La Solidaridad Rizal
explains his attitude from a lofty level Everything is settled with his retirement from the colony
His admirable spirit of sacrifice His patriotic moral discipline His abnegation and
disinterestedness tested He submits to the will of the Propaganda Committee of Manila.

660

1891

August

19

Galicano Apacible, Madrid, 19 August 1891

Galicano Apacible

Jos Rizal

Madrid

Greatness is in direct proportion to the number of enemies The pin has not been lost Apacible
will return also and wants to be Rizal's fellow passenger Filipinos who are leaving Madrid

661

1891

August

21

Juan Luna, Paris, 21 August 1891

Juan Luna

Jos Rizal

Paris

He will do the drawings for the second edition of Noli More interesting with illustrations that will
appeal to the masses They will meet in Paris before Rizal's trip About the power of attorney
given to Govantes

We go through the Philippines with hands joined Colonel von Roller read the Noli twice El
Filibusterismo, a thunderbolt that will knock down the enemies Lippert's work as a souvenir of
their mountains Blumentritt is distressed that Rizal has not abandoned his plan to return to the
Philippines Loleng finds Rizal's photo The gold pen is now in Europe.
It is an honor for Quioquiap to be mentioned in the Noli The history of the friars.
A request of Lpez Jaena from Hong Kong Blumentritt wants to prevent Rizal's departure Jaena
was in Manila only four days If he had staved longer, he would have been thrown into Bilibid or
cast away on the Mariana Islands Blumentritt's letter for Jaena.

Complete list of Jos Rizal's correspondence


Number

Year

Month

Day

Title

From

To

Location

Summary

662

1891

August

23

Rizal, Gand, 23 August 1891

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Gand

Pleasant recollections of Father Leoncio Lpez Anecdotes He is the Father Florentine of the Noli
His moral physiognomy traced by Rizal.

663

1891

August

24

Rizal, Ghent, 24 August 1891

Jos Rizal

Mariano Ponce

Ghent

Rizal informs Ponce of what he wrote the Propaganda He is mortified by what is imputed to him
by it

664

1891

August

26

Rizal, Ghent, 26 August 1891

Jos Rizal

Jos Ma. Basa

Ghent

Rizal will leave for Hong Kong with his work already printed How to send copies of it to Manila

Jos Rizal

Barcelona

On the alleged conflict between Selo and Rizal The members of the Hermandad de San Patricio
regret the incident Selo's letter which twists the facts Lpez Jaena and Moises Salvador defend
Rizal Meeting of Basilio Teodora and Jaena "Nothing from Spain" To obtain redemption
Proposal to Rizal Propaganda Basa's explanations Jaena with P40 allowance His impressions of
the Committee Order for his arrest Jaena in favor of the publication of a revolutionary
newspaper, El Baguio Only through revolution He is studying English

665

1891

August

26

Graciano Lpez Jaena, Barcelona, 26 August 1891

Graciano Lpez
Jaena

666

1891

September

12

Antonio Luna, Madrid, 12 September 1891

Antonio Luna

Jos Rizal

Madrid

Regrettable situation of the staff writers of La Solidaridad "Man's exploitation of man" Luna is,
indignant. Reports many injustices and anomalies There's money but there's none On the
other hand, a lot of waste, useless trips, no initiative, dead campaign Complaints sent to the
Propaganda through Rizal against the administrators of the newspaper

667

1891

September

18

Rizal, Ghent, 18 September 1891

Jos Rizal

Jos Ma. Basa

Ghent

Going to Hong Kong with 800 copies of Filibusterismo as soon as he receives money Advanced
copies for Basa and Sixto Lpez They must not make noise so that the books' entry in Manila will
not be prohibited Rizal declines the offer of the Propaganda of a monthly pension of P100. It
comes so irregularly, that is to say, it does not come at all "I prefer to work and live on my own.

668

1891

September

22

Rizal, Gand, 22 September 1891

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Gand

Rizal is pleased with Blumentritt's criticism of El Filibusterismo Rizal will write a novel In it
politics will not occupy much space Ethics will play a principal role There will be only two
Spaniards in it: The curate and the lieutenant of the civil guard.

669

1891

September

22

Rizal, Ghent, 22 September 1891

Jos Rizal

Marcelo H. del Pilar

Ghent

El Filibusterismo of parallel tendency to La Solidaridad Rizal indifferent to any criticism of his work
Notice from Manila to send Luna the prize of P50, transmitted by Rizal to Del Pilar Rizal retires
completely from politics In Manila or Hong Kong he will write

670

1891

September

23

Juan Luna, Paris, 23 September 1891

Juan Luna

Jos Rizal

Paris

The Fili touches the Filipino wounds of his first novel Exposing the social cancer Rizal creator of
the Philippine novel His writings should be sent to the Philippines But he himself must remain
in Europe for the good of the native land The friars will remove treacherously a man with "noble
and lofty ideas."

671

1891

September

23

Trinidad H. Pardo de Tavera, Paris, 23 September


1891

Trinidad H. Pardo
de Tavera

Jos Rizal

Paris

Sincere congratulations When is the third part coming? Barrantes may again say that the work
is printed in Germany

672

1891

September

26

Valentin Ventura, Paris, 26 September 1891

Valentin Ventura

Jos Rizal

Paris

Offers Rizal funds El Filibusterismo is perfect, vigorous, poetic, and with feelingHe likes Isagani
best Basilio is not bad he can identify Juanito Pelaez and Ben-Zayb Grateful for the rough
draft inscribed to him

673

1891

September

30

Juan Luna, Paris, 30 September 1891

Juan Luna

Jos Rizal

Paris

A postal card from Antonio Luna informing Rizal that he has received the P50 prize from del Pilar
Acknowledges receipt of complimentary copies of Rizal's work Sends paintings, an image of the
Virgin of Lourdes, fans, and photographs to Manila through Rizal

674

1891

October

Rizal, Europe, October 1891

Jos Rizal

Europe

Fragment of a letter in Tagalog signed "Laong Laan," a Rizal pseudonym Written in metaphorical
language: "It is true that the times are bad, the ground is not fertile, there are many locusts,
frequent typhoons, and the wind blows away the seeds; but with devoted care there will always be
found there some fish, as D. M. says" Expresses loss of confidence in the campaign for reforms in
Europe The fight should be in the Philippines

675

1891

October

Juan Luna, Paris, 2 October 1891

Juan Luna

Jos Rizal

Paris

676

1891

October

Graciano Lpez Jaena, Barcelona, 2 October 1891

Graciano Lpez
Jaena

Jos Rizal

Barcelona

A Critical appraisal of El Filibusterismo It is superior to the Noli. Exquisite style, sublime thoughts.
At the beginning "light, alluring hopes, at the end shadows of doubt and despair" Simoun ought
to have succumbed like a hero, shot with bullets, or like Porthos or Bernardo el Carpio Another
work which solves the problem and hastens the day of our redemption Those of the Madrid
Colony do not understand one another Luna at the point of rebelling against del Pilar El Baguio
is not yet published

677

1891

October

Filipino Colony of Barcelona, 2 October 1891

Filipino Colony of
Barcelona

Jos Rizal

Barcelona

The Filipino colony of Barcelona congratulates Rizal on his novel El Filibusterismo. A gem of
Spanish literature. Decalogue of political redemption and human dignification If your precepts
are followed, they will make an enslaved people master of its destinies

678

1891

October

Rizal, Paris, 3 October 1891

Jos Rizal

Jos Ma. Basa

Paris

Enroute to Hong Kong with 600 copies of El Filibusterismo Will practice his profession and earn a
small capital Hopes to be financially independent

Luna asks Rizal to do some errands for him

Complete list of Jos Rizal's correspondence


Number

Year

Month

Day

Title

From

To

Location

Summary
He will respect any criticism of his work El Filibusterismo Reasons why Rizal stopped writing for La
Solidaridad It is a private enterprise It has published ideas contrary to Rizal's He hopes La
Solidaridad will live under del Pilar's leadership He regrets the attitude of some Filipinos at Madrid
toward him
The gold pen is still at Madrid. Rizal will not write any more for La Solidaridad What Blumentritt
and Rizal are doing, Blumentritt can do alone Discords among brothers "I have suggested many
projects and they engaged in a secret war against me. . . ."
He is withdrawing to leave the field free But he will continue in the breach and devote his
strength to the native country.

679

1891

October

Rizal, Paris, 7 October 1891

Jos Rizal

Marcelo H. del Pilar

Paris

680

1891

October

Rizal, Paris, 9 October 1891

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Paris

681

1891

October

11

Mariano Ponce, Madrid, 11 October 1891

Mariano Ponce

Jos Rizal

Madrid

682

1891

October

13

Rizal, Paris, 13 October 1891

Jos Rizal

Marcelo H. del Pilar

Paris

Rizal knows about del Pilar's ambition to outshine him and knock him down so that he would
become sole leader But he is not resentful He withdraws to leave the ground free for del Pilar
He considers this decision a blessing to him His esteem for del Pilar undimmed He agrees with
del Pilar's opinion that El Filibusterismo is inferior as a novel to Noli me tangere

683

1891

October

15

Graciano Lpez Jaena, Barcelona, 15 October 1891

Graciano Lpez
Jaena

Jos Rizal

Barcelona

The Filipinos at Barcelona wish Rizal "Happy trip!" Both Rizal and Lopez Jaena are victims of their
envious compatriots "Let us join together to knock down those who exploit patriotism for their
own benefit" Recommends to Rizal the Asociacin Filipina at Hong Kong, founded by him Luna
has separated from La Solidaridad Jaena, candidate for deputy of a district in Cataluna The
Philippines must win with blood her rights as well as her independence

684

1891

October

18

Rizal to Baldomero Roxas, Marseille. 18 October


1891

Jos Rizal

Baldomero Roxas

Marseille

Rizal nows his name is being exploited in the Philippines He regards the Filipinos at Madrid as
his friends He is not resentful He is sailing for the Philippine

685

1891

October

22

Rizal, Mediterranean Sea, 22 October 1891

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Mediterranean Sea

686

1891

November

Moiss E. Salvador, Manila, 1 November 1891

Moiss E. Salvador

Jos Rizal

Manila

Transmitting resolutions of the new Committee of Propaganda Creation of a new organ under
Rizal Reiterates full confidence in Rizal Orders del Pilar to deliver to Rizal certain funds

687

1891

November

Moiss E. Salvador, Manila, 3 November 1891

Moiss E. Salvador

Jos Rizal

Manila

Del Pilar's brother-in-law (Deodato Arellano) frustrates the resolutions, making use of Cortes,
opponent Collection of new funds The only supporter of del Pilar is his brother-in-law

688

1891

November

17

Moiss E. Salvador, Manila, 17 November 1891

Moiss E. Salvador

Jos Rizal

Manila

Rizal's admirers and supporters in Manila form a Rizal Party They want to prevent Rizal's
separation from Philippine politics If he is going to Japan, let Jaena establish the fortnightly in
Barcelona with Rizal's name as editor-in-chief

689

1891

November

26

Rizal, Hong Kong, 26 November 1891

Jos Rizal

Manuel Camus

Hong Kong

690

1891

December

Manuel T. Hidalgo, Manila, 1 December 1891

Manuel T. Hidalgo

Jos Rizal

Manila

691

1891

December

Rizal, Hong Kong, 1 December 1891

Jos Rizal

Parents and brothers

Hong Kong

The same painful Calvary...If they would let him rejoin his family, how happy he would be
Confident that we shall get out of it safely His mother, Pangoy, and Trining were called to the
Civil Government "Patience!"

692

1891

December

Manuel de Camus, Singapore, 5 December 1891

Manuel de Camus

Jos Rizal

Singapore

Acknowledgment of the letters and books of Rizal Will try to introduce them in the Philippines El
Filibusterismo will regenerate the Philippines Hopes that it will foment hatred of the friars
and the pro-friars

693

1891

December

Rizal, Hong Kong, 9 December 1891

Jos Rizal

Maria Rizal

Hong Kong

How are you and your family in Calamba? His father, Paciano, and Bestre are well That they
send him his books and the letters in the possession of Brother Isidoro To establish an
agricultural colony in Borneo "Be patient, our day will come."

694

1891

December

10

Rizal, Hong Kong, 10 December 1891

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Hong Kong

Persecuted, the Rizal family seeks asylum in Hong Kong.

695

1891

December

11

Sixto Lpez, Emuy, 11 December 1891

Sixto Lpez

Jos Rizal

Emuy

Rizal's letters sent to the Propaganda Ponce informed del Pilar of its contents Ponce has
answered Rizal's letter to him El Filibusterismo, an excellent book, like all the products of Rizal's
brilliant pen "It will wound the enemy deeply" "May you reach safely our unfortunate country"

After Marseille, magnificent weather, tranquil sea paradisiacal voyage Rizal eager to return home
Something is pushing him to it Luck or misfortune Many missionaries on board: Franciscans,
Jesuits, and Bishop Volenteri He sympathizes with the fate of the Philippines He spoke against
the wealth and abuses of the friars in the country And he repeated: "They are so rich, but very
rich!"

Arrival at Hong Kong Luna's letter Remittance of 20 Filis, 6 Morgas, and 4 Nolis at 25%
commission If Camus could send copies to Manila
Pi y Margall against Hidalgo's deportation Appeal to the Queen "If we are not heard we will ask
Queen Victoria of England for protection in the name of humanity" Weyler does not revoke the
order of deportation by his predecess For expenses of the case in the Supreme Court Fabie, the
pro-friar, fell and Romero Robledo rose up Others banished to Jolo Home news.

What Fr. Fancisco said about Rizal The friars fear that upon his return
the people of Calamba would agitate Rizal has the "face of a rascal... associated with other
rascals who are in Madrid writing for La Solidaridad."

Complete list of Jos Rizal's correspondence


Number

Year

Month

Day

Title

From

To

696

1891

December

18

Manuel T. Hidalgo, 18 December 1891

Manuel T. Hidalgo

Jos Rizal

697

1891

December

21

Rizal, Hong Kong, 21 December 1891

Jos Rizal

Mr. Macleod

Hong Kong

Rizal thanks Mr. Macleod for the kindness he and his wife have shown his sister Lucia.

698

1891

December

23

Rizal, Hong Kong, 23 December 1891

Jos Rizal

Eulogio Despujol

Hong Kong

Rizal is considered the head of the progressive movement He offers his cooperation to Despujol
To point out the ills of the country To heal tie wound of recent injustices And preserve his
native land for Spain Liberal and just policy.

699

1891

December

27

Narcisa Rizal, Manila, 27 December 1891

Narcisa Rizal

Jos Rizal

Manila

700

1891

December

28

Rizal, Hong Kong, 28 December 1891

Jos Rizal

Maria Rizal

Hong Kong

Beloved ones at his side in Hong Kong Suffer the pains of this life so that in the next joy and
happiness will be for you Life is short, hardships are ephemeral Suffer everything for your
surname Rizal and your children Requests.

701

1891

December

30

Concepcin Leyba, Manila, 30 December 1891

Concepcin Leyba

Jos Rizal

Manila

Book and letters received Admirable valor and serenity of Rizal's mother God protects
innocence Letters for Macleod and others News of home and friends They arrested Mr.
Matas Belarmino, sick, and on Christmas day, to be deported to Jol.

702

1891

December

30

Rizal, Hong Kong, 30 December 1891

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Hong Kong

703

1891

December

30

Lorenzo Miclat y Castro, San Nicols, Manila, 30


December 1891

Lorenzo Miclat y
Castro

Jos Rizal

Manila

704

1892

Jos Ma. Basa, Hong Kong

Jos Ma. Basa

Jos Rizal

Hong Kong

705

1892

January

Antonio Luna, Madrid, January 1892

Antonio Luna

Jos Rizal

Madrid

Ready to defend our rights without abandoning the campaign in Madrid Spaniards give a political
character to the events in Calamba Spanish policy is to reign by terror "We ought to work
together for independence" Win partisans of independence "Borneo will be a keystone for us"
Luna may also join Rizal in Borneo

706

[1892]

January

Aristeo and Cesar Ubaldo, Manila, 2 January [1892?]

Aristeo and Cesar


Ubaldo

Jos Rizal

Manila

Greetings and good wishes Absence of the dear father in exile They don't know how long it will
last Where will they continue their studies? Besides their Uncle Rizal or at Manila?

707

1892

January

Graciano Lpez Jaena, Barcelona, 6 January 1892

Graciano Lpez
Jaena

Jos Rizal

Barcelona

Work of the Filipino Colony of Barcelona in favor of Calamba Reply of the Minister of Colonies
Send letter to the unfortunate exiles "I make much noise here.." Jaena wants to edit a
newspaper affiliated with the Progressive Party A forth- nightly is useless His financial problem
He is asking Deputies Muro and Ballesteros to interpellate the Government on the events in
Calamba

708

1892

January

Edilberto Evangelista, Ghent, 8 January 1892

Edilberto
Evangelista

Jos Rizal

Ghent

Sympathy with the people of Calamba They are a credit to the native land The outrage affects
the whole country Those of the Propaganda have vindicated Rizal by entrusting to him the man
agement of La Solidaridad and our policy in Europe Life in Ghent is very dull Evangelista is
devoted to his studies

709

1892

January

Jos Alejandrino, Brussels, 8 January 1892

Jos Alejandrino

Jos Rizal

Brussels

710

1892

January

13

Jos Rizal

Sandakan, British
North Borneo

711

1892

January

17

A. Linares Rivas, Madrid, 17 January 1892

A. Linares Rivas

Jos Rizal

Madrid

712

1892

January

23

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 23 January 1892

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

713

1892

January

27

Aristn Bautista, Paris, 27 January 1892

Aristn Bautista

Jos Rizal

Paris

Mrs. Ada Pryer, Sandakan, British North Borneo, 13 January


Mrs. 1892
Ada Pryer

Location

Summary
Letter of Rizal's mother to the Queen Money order for the honorarium
of the lawyer of the tenants Power of attorney for the prosecution of those responsible for his
banishment or for the investigation of Weyler He is not in favor of the project Without having
exhausted the means for the country's welfare shall we go to a foreign land? For what then are so
many sacrifices?

The papers Rizal needed Not a single letter of Leonor found To Mindoro to see her exiled
husband and brother Death of her two sons.

The aged mother of Rizal is in Hong Kong fleeing from Spanish tyranny Taken to Sta. Cruz
through mountains because she did not sign her name Realonda de Rizal but only Teodora Alonso
Rizal censured the savage hidalgo who made her walk through such a rough trail La Solidaridad is
no longer our battlefield A cunning Augustinian tried to assault Rizal and he came out abashed.
An unknown admirer, Cabeza de Barangay of Binondo, offers to help Rizal with a monthly quota
Asks for his address
Basa's account of Rizals books for March 1889 December 1891

The Rizal Party in the Philippines would like Rizal to return to Europe and be the leader of the
Filipinos there His pension will be sent regularly Offers condolence for the outrages in Calamba
Convinced that nothing could be expected from Spain Vicente Reyes and the sale of the Fili

Mrs. Pryer hopes Rizal can go to Borneo A Filipino colony as Rizal plans would be welcome.
Attorney Linares Rivas deplores the afflictions of the Rizal family Will work to mitigate them
Politics delay the remedy He has conferred with the Minister of Colonies on the outrages in
Calamba.
Polemic on Philippine topics Busy with the Pansit of Krypto-Quioquiap.

A post card from Ariston Bautista Interest in Rizal's Borneo project if life becomes unbearable
in Manila, he may join Rizal in Borneo A society in Paris for the welfare of the country

Complete list of Jos Rizal's correspondence


Number

Year

Month

Day

Title

From

To

Location

Summary

714

1892

January

30

Juan Luna, Paris, 30 January 1892

Juan Luna

Jos Rizal

Paris

At Manila things consigned to Rizal are closely watched at the customs A popular meeting in a
Paris theater in protest against the outrages in Calamba He is not optimistic about its effect
Spain, always "on the side of her men of the sword" 21 drawings of Luna for the Noli offers to
illustrate also El Filibusterismo" Booklets with drawings for popular education Inquires about
the Borneo colonization project

715

1892

January

30

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 30 January 1892

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

Beside the beloved A lesson for the Augustinian who may not have understood it The friars
keep the people stupid and in so doing they themselves become stupid He counsels Rizal not to
meddle in revolutionary agitations "One who initiates a revolution ought at least to have the
probability of success, if he does not wish to burden his conscience with useless bloodshed" Wise
theories of Blumentritt on the success of revolutions Lessons of history Propaganda of liberty
and education among the masses.
Because of hatred of the friars many have lost their faith and they do not want to return to the
Philippines Horrible picture of the ejectment of householders! Poor Calamba people! Thrown
out of their houses, they pass the night outdoors The Dominicans have forbidden the townspeople
to give them lodging Terrified they looked on while the government soldiers destroyed and
burned down their houses! Rizal's third novel in Tagalog On the virtues and defects of the
Tagalogs.

716

1892

January

717

1892

February

718

1892

February

719

1892

720

Rizal, Hong Kong, 31 January 1892

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Hong Kong

Saturnina Rizal, Manila, February 1892

Saturnina Rizal

Jos Rizal

Manila

Mallunko, Hong Kong, 1 February 1892

Mallunko

Jos Rizal

Hong Kong

He issues a receipt to Rizal for payment of rent.

February

Rizal, Hong Kong, 6 February 1892

Jos Rizal

Sixto Lpez

Hong Kong

To Sixto Lpez Rizal announces to Mr. Lopez his clinic at Hong Kong He asks him to write him a
"scolding" letter to see if it will pass the censor.

1892

February

Pedro Serrano Laktaw, Manila, 9 February 1892

Pedro Serrano
Laktaw

Jos Rizal

Manila

A Masonic Document making Rizal Honorary Venerable of Logia Nilad for outstanding services to his
native country Masonic reorganization Signed by Panday Pira, masonic name of Pedro Serrano
Laktaw

721

1892

February

17

Pedro de Govantes, Madrid, 17 February 1892

Pedro de Govantes

Jos Rizal

Madrid

Regretting the moral and material disaster which has befallen the Rizal family Confidence in
Linares' efforts

722

1892

February

18

Graciano Lpez Jaena, Barcelona, 18 February 1892

Graciano Lpez
Jaena

Jos Rizal

Barcelona

Lopez Jaena in difficulties Full of dread, without hope of help The new committee does not
exist, the old one is agonizing They asked him to return to his post and now they abandon him
Coincidence in the name of La Liga Copies of El Filibusterismo for his brother at Iloiio

723

1892

February

22

Rizal, Hong Kong, 22 February 1892

Jos Rizal

Sixto Lpez

Hong Kong

To Sixto Lpez Rizal informs Lpez about certain orders of his.

Hong Kong

Any political change "If the Germans pity us so much, why do they not come to liberate us?" says
Rizal's father "What did we get from La Solidaridad's campaign? Weyleradas, Banditry Law, and
the drama of Calamba To discuss with the Government is time wasted.... Always ready to serve
the country with the pen and give my life for her," says Rizal. "In Borneo I shall not be a planter
but the leader of the planters." "If I cannot give freedom to my country, at least I I would like to
give it to my countrymen in other lands "We shall found there a new Calamba."

724

1892

February

725

1892

March

726

1892

March

727

1892

728

1892

31

23

Will move to Hong Kong to rejoin the family Lack of knowledge of English is not an obstacle in
trading A language is learned quickly She wishes to educate her children at Hong Kong And
the boys to study engineering at London.

Rizal, Hong Kong, 23 February 1892

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Saturnina Rizal, March 1892

Saturnina Rizal

Jos Rizal

Manuel T. Hidalgo, Manila, 7 March 1892

Manuel T. Hidalgo

Jos Rizal

Manila

Petition to the Governor General signed by the wives of the heads of barangay Telegram of
Procurator Manzaneque urging the remittance of funds Great difficulties of the interested party
and pawning of jewels Attorney Gutierrez defends faithfully the people of Calamba They
complain against Attorney Felipe Buencamino.

March

17

Rizal, Hong Kong, 17 March 1892

Jos Rizal

La Solidaridad and
Asociacin HispanoFilipina

Hong Kong

Grateful to La Solidaridad for its support of the Kalambeos Rizal wrote on the happenings for
English papers Not an echo in the Spanish press Linares Rivas promises redress for the
grievances Some pardoned Difficulty of sending La Solidaridad to Manila If comrades for
the struggle are lacking, there are avengers Would like "to go to Manila to see the bull at close
hand."

March

17

Antonino Lopez, Manila, 17 March 1892

Antonino Lopez

Jos Rizal

Manila

As soon as she has finished some collections and business, she too will join the family at Hong Kong
Silvestre is now free and visits them.

Well but restless The exiles in Jol were pardoned on the birthday of the governor general It is
impossible at present to sell the homestead of the Rizal family Grand celebration of the governor
general's birthday....to Calamba to hear complaints.

Complete list of Jos Rizal's correspondence


Number

Year

Month

Day

Title

From

To

Location

Summary

729

1892

March

18

Silvestre Ubaldo, Manila, 18 March 1892

Silvestre Ubaldo

Jos Rizal

Manila

Books, drafts, and other effects sent to Rizal Feast of the captain general celebrated with pomp
But he absented himself to avoid gossip His wife received at the palace the principala and other
invited guests The archbishop was aloof at the reception He will be granted leave of absence
to go to Spain, but he must resign first Copy of the pardon Fire at plaza San Gabriel Rizal's
sympathizers send him bank drafts.

730

1892

March

18

Sixto Lpez, Manila, 18 March 1892

Sixto Lpez

Jos Rizal

Manila

P130 from S. Lopez to settle accounts in Hong Kong; the balance to pay for copies of Filibusterismo
All refuse to accept the 25% commission offered by Rizal Rizal's circular will be taken to
Balayan Mrs. Trinidad Zobel advises Rizal not to return to the Philippines for he would be killed
Many Batangueos are awaiting Rizal's report on Borneo

731

1892

March

19

The Blumentritts, Leitmeritz, 19 March 1892

The Blumentritts

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

Greetings of the Filipino Colony of Leitmeritz formed by the Blumentritt family on Rizal's saint's day,
St. Joseph, 19 March.

732

1892

March

21

Rizal, Hong Kong, 21 March 1892

Jos Rizal

Eulogio Despujol

Hong Kong

Rizal's second letter to the Governor General of the Philippines Reiterates his offer of cooperation
to bring about peace and tranquility Informs him of his Borneo project Requests permission to
change nationality and emigrate for himself and friends.

733

1892

March

21

Edward Boustead, Biarritz, 21 March 1892

Edward Boustead

Jos Rizal

Biarritz

Felicitations on the salvation of his family Aid of the Throne of Grace May Rizal escape friar
intrigues And attain success as a physician Fire in Manila Biarritz is very lively
Remembering the excursion with Rizal to St. Jean de Lux The mumps or orillons Business from
bad to worse Fall of the peseta Impending financial crisis.

734

1892

March

24

Aristn Bautista, Paris, 24 March 1892

Aristn Bautista

Jos Rizal

Paris

A post card from Bautista inquires about General Despujol's treatment of Rizal Del Pilar suggests
congratulations to Depujol Fee for the issue of Rizal's diploma by the Ministry of Fomento
Presents Rizal with a book on diagnostic pathology by H. Virchow

735

1892

March

31

Edilberto Evangelista, Ghent, 31 March 1892

Edilberto
Evangelista

Jos Rizal

Ghent

Disappointed at the conservative ideas of our old folks Dismal legacy of slavery Family
interests and patriotic ideas and liberty To die for the country is a duty Against the stupid
expression: What a waste of blood!" May those conservative ideas not infect your youth Voice
of encouragement Friends keep aloof because of his poverty

736

1892

April

W. B. Pryer, Sandakan, 3 April 1892

W. B. Pryer

Jos Rizal

Sandakan, British
North Borneo

Rizal's project to lease land in British North Borneo entailed considerable correspondence, as the
following letters show. Mr. Pryer is the manager of the Dunlop Corporation in Borneo.

737

1892

April

W. B. Pryer, Sandakan, 4 April 1892

W. B. Pryer

Jos Rizal

Sandakan, British
North Borneo

Mr. Pryer is willing to act as agent of Rizal on a commission basis.

1892

April

W. B. Pryer, Sandakan, 5 April 1892

W. B. Pryer

Jos Rizal

Sandakan, British
North Borneo

Another business note from Mr. Pryer.

1892

April

W. B. Pryer, Sandakan, 5 April 1892

W. B. Pryer

Jos Rizal

Sandakan, British
North Borneo

Mr. Pryer invites Rizal to tea to talk over business matters.

739

1892

April

W. B. Pryer, Sandakan, 6 April 1892

W. B. Pryer

Jos Rizal

Sandakan, British
North Borneo

The governor of British North Borneo will receive Rizal and Mr. Pryer.

740

1892

April

13

Jos Alejandrino, Ghent, 13 April 1892

Jos Alejandrino

Jos Rizal

Ghent

Favorable conditions for patriotic campaign Confidence in Rizal's ability to work for our liberty
He will know how to overcome obstacles no such a noble cause We cannot expect anything from
Spain - Less from Spanish charlatans Rizal purchasing some revolvers He will send the Flobert
cartridges ordered by Rizal

741

1892

April

15

Graciano Lpez Jaena, Barcelona, 15 April 1892

Graciano Lpez
Jaena

Jos Rizal

Barcelona

Struggling with poverty and the gloomy future His letter to Basa will tell him about his life
What should I do? Recommends the association in Hong Kong from which something good for the
country will emerge

742

1892

April

16

Aristn Bautista, Paris, 16 April 1892

Aristn Bautista

Jos Rizal

Paris

Returns to Manila summoned by his mother Presentiment of a great disaster Awaiting Rizal's
instructions for the triumph of good aspirations Unity of the divided party at home Let us
maintain our ideal Trained in French boxing and wielding a sword, he will not allow the Kastilas to
mock him

743

1892

April

18

Lorenzo P. Marquez, 18 April 1892

Lorenzo P. Marquez

Jos Rizal

744

1892

April

20

Rizal, Hong Kong, 20 April 1892

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Hong Kong

745

1892

April

28

Mrs. Ada Pryer, Sandakan, 28 April 1892

Mrs. Ada Pryer

Jos Rizal

Sandakan, British
North Borneo

738

Rizal's friend, the Portuguese physician, Dr. Lorenzo P. Marquez, sends him a gift of three birds with
suggestion how to cook them.
Rizal, having returned from Borneo, answers Blumentritt A former Dominican professor of Rizal
made a statement in his favor, defending his books and the people of Calamba The rector of the
University and even the archbishop disapprove of the Calamba atrocities.

Mrs. Pryer thanks Rizal for a gift of Japanese curtains Hopes he will come back.

Complete list of Jos Rizal's correspondence


Number

Year

Month

Day

Title

From

To

Location

Summary

746

1892

April

29

W. B. Pryer, Sandakan, 29 April 1892

W. B. Pryer

Jos Rizal

Sandakan, British
North Borneo

747

1892

April

29

Edilberto Evangelista, Ghent, 29 April 1892

Edilberto
Evangelista

Jos Rizal

Ghent

748

1892

May

Rizal, Hong Kong, 4 May 1892

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Hong Kong

749

1892

May

11

Mariano Ponce, Madrid, 11 May 1892

Mariano Ponce

Jos Rizal

Madrid

Ponce sends Rizal and his family greetings How sad it is not to be able to return to the
motherland! Let us help one another until the day of vengeance come!..

750

1892

May

14

Antonino Lopez, Manila, 14 May 1892

Antonino Lopez

Jos Rizal

Manila

Rizal's letter to Governor General Despuiol On inspection trip Southern to Governor General
Despujol On inspection trip in the Southern Islands News of his sister Sisa.

751

1892

May

14

Antonino Vergel de Dios, Paris, 14 May 1892

Antonino Vergel de
Dios

Jos Rizal

Paris

752

1892

May

17

Rizal, Hong Kong, 17 May 1892

Jos Rizal

Baldomero Roxas

Hong Kong

753

1892

May

19

W. B. Pryer, Sandakan, 19 May 1892

W. B. Pryer

Jos Rizal

Sandakan, British
North Borneo

Rizal's draft "Bases" sent to the Directors in England Pryer tells him North Borne is the best
place for Philippine Colonization.

754

1892

May

20

Henry Walker, Sandakan, 20 May 1892

Henry Walker

Jos Rizal

Sandakan, British
North Borneo

Encouraging information: Very great local demand for rice Available water for irrigation and to
operate rice mills.

755

1892

May

21

Hugh Hughes, Sandakan, 21 May 1892

Hugh Hughes

Jos Rizal

Sandakan, British
North Borneo

He extolls the Sugut Estate He is acting as real estate agent.

756

1892

May

23

Rizal, Hong Kong, 23 May 1892

Jos Rizal

Mariano Ponce

Hong Kong

Unexpected attack of Lete Why did del Pilar allow its publication? They will think there is schism
among the Filipinos Rizal would not take offense so that things would not become worse Do
they pretend to attack him in order to show that they are partisans of assimilation? "I will pursue
my policy and will try to guess your purposes." Attacks improve he who wishes to improve
himself

757

1892

May

23

Antonino Lopez, Manila, 23 May 1892

Antonino Lopez

Jos Rizal

Manila

Sisa, fairly improved Despujol is not here yet Awaiting pardon on the eve of His Majesty's
birthday Everyone is opposed to Rizal's return Abroad he can do much for the country's welfare
As soon as he is freed, they will all go to Hong Kong for a visit.

758

1892

May

23

Rizal, Hong Kong, 23 May 1892

Jos Rizal

Marcelo H. del Pilar

Hong Kong

Disgusted by the article of Lete in La Solidaridad Rizal believed he was alluded"What animal has
bitten you that you attack me?" "I am not meddling in politics and I work only to prepare a place
for refuge." ' I made Simoun a dark figure so that those of Solidaridad would not appear as
filibusteros." An article on Borneo ready Awaiting satisfactory explanation

759

1892

May

23

W. B. Pryer, Sandakan, 23 May 1892

W. B. Pryer

Jos Rizal

Sandakan, British
North Borneo

760

1892

May

24

Rizal, Hong Kong, 24 May 1892

Jos Rizal

Juan Zulueta

Hong Kong

Rizal informs the secretary of the Committee of Propaganda at Manila about Lete's article, Iluso It
is indiscreet

761

1892

May

26

Graciano Lpez Jaena, Barcelona, 26 May 1892

Graciano Lpez
Jaena

Jos Rizal

Barcelona

Rizal's post card from Borneo Congratulations on the foundation of the Filipino colony Lopez
Jaena wishes to move there and cultivate sugarcane. Filipino colony at Madrid in lamentable state
La Solidaridad is languishing

762

1892

May

31

Aristn Bautista, Saigon, 31 May 1892

Aristn Bautista

Jos Rizal

Saigon

A post card from Bautista asks Rizal to send him "instructions for the guidance of those working for
the realization of our ideals

763

1892

June

15

Rizal, Hong Kong, 15 June 1892

Jos Rizal

Mariano Ponce

Hong Kong

The idea of a Tagalog printing press is good It can disseminate quickly what we want What is
needed is courage, character, and diligence

The Borneo governor refuses to give 5,000 acres of land free.


In the clutches of poverty Encouraging words for Rizal Organize a revolutionary Club in Hong
Kong as do the Separatistas of Cuba, the Progresistas of Spain Nostalgia
How good is Blumentritt and how he likes Rizal The Noli will be translated into English and French
It will be well received in England according to Hong Kong friends The Tagalog translation is
about to be finished.

Wishes him a large clientele in Hong Kong His brother Eugenio Vergel inquires where Rizal's
books can be obtained in the Philippines Strict customs regulations prevent him from sending
Rizal's books to the Philippines Offers his services to Rizal
At last Rizal receives a duplicate of his diplomaLicentiate in Medicine and Surgery-the original
diploma sent to the governor general of the Philippines in 1887 having been lost Rizal graduated
in 1884 and began negotiating for the delivery of his diploma in 1887 The Committee on
Propaganda at Manila has not written Rizal Blumentritt informs him that La Solidaridad will cease
publication At Hong Kong Rizal writes The Noli is out of print He asks for the return of unsold
copies

He would like Rizal to buy land of him He does not recommend the Laluk Estate.

Complete list of Jos Rizal's correspondence


Number

Year

Month

Day

Title

From

To

Location

Summary

764

1892

June

15

Rizal, Hong Kong, 15 June 1892

Jos Rizal

Marcelo H. del Pilar

Hong Kong

765

1892

June

19

Timoteo Paz, Manila, 19 June 1892

Timoteo Paz

Jos Rizal

Manila

766

1892

June

20

Rizal, Hong Kong, 20 June 1892

Jos Rizal

Parents, brothers and


friends

Hong Kong

Rizal decides to return to the Philippines The persecution of the innocent preoccupies him He
would like to save them from further suffering Willing to risk his life "Man ought to die for his
ideas and convictions."

767

1892

June

20

Rizal, Hong Kong, 20 June 1892

Jos Rizal

Filipinos

Hong Kong

Determined to go back to the Philippines "I cannot live knowing that many are suffering unjust
persecution on my account." "Seeing my people persecuted like criminals" "I offer my life gladly
to free so many innocent persons" "Let those who patriotism see that we know how to die for our
duty and convictions." "What does it matter to die, if one dies for what loves, for the Native
Land?.

768

1892

June

21

Rizal, Honq Kong, 21 June 1892

Jos Rizal

Eulogio Despujol

Hong Kong

Rizal informs the governor general of his return to the Philippines Expresses confidence in the
justness of the government At Manila he will await the pleasure of the governor general.

769

1892

July

Victoriano Fernz Lobato, Manila, 3 July 1892

Victoriano Fernz
Lobato

Jos Rizal

Manila

The aide-de-camp of the Captain General notifies Rizal of the postponement of the interview with
Governor General Despujol to 6 July 1892, 8 a.m. (The original document bears the letterhead El
Capitn General).

770

1892

July

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 4 July 1892

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

"No Pilarista speaks ill of you." An entente cordiale in the interest of all. Rizal should not found
another newspaper or initiate revolutionary movements. Blumentritt recommends reconciliation.
He receives regularly letters only from Rizal, Pardo de Tavera, del Pilar, Taga-Ilog and Ponce, "I
shall not be a deserter," says Blumentritt.

771

1892

July

Jos Alejandrino, Gand, 7 July 1892

Jos Alejandrino

Jos Rizal

Gand

Abreu dies of Tuberculosis How sad it is to die young for one who has a rosy future! Professors
and friends of the deceased expressed sorrow He will help in the distribution of El Filibusterismo

772

1892

July

14

Rizal, Manila, 14 July 1892

Jos Rizal

Parents and brothers

Manila

773

1892

July

16

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 16 July 1892

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

774

1892

July

20

Marcelo H. del Pilar, Madrid, 20 July 1892

Marcelo H. del Pilar

Jos Rizal

Madrid

Grieved by the deportation of Rizal "Soon I will follow you; let us see if we can scatter the seed"
Pi y Margall and the European colony explore it According to del Pilar it is not Rizal whom Lete
attacks It was a call to reflection and duty Machiavelli divide us

775

1892

July

20

Eduardo de Lete, Madrid, 20 July 1892

Eduardo de Lete

Jos Rizal

Madrid

Lete is surprised that Rizal believed himself alluded to in his satirical articles Rizal is not the
revolutionary Quijote combatted by him Rizal is not one of those who believe that with a sentrybox revolution can be started

776

1892

July

25

Rizal, Dapitan, 25 July 1892

Jos Rizal

Teodora Alonzo

Dapitan

"As if I were on vacation in Dapitan" Loving remembrance to his mother He commends his
brother for substituting for his exiled brother-in-law Antonino They should remain in Hong Kong
for its good climate His sisters should continue studying English They should keep the spacious
house to accommodate relatives who may go there.

777

1892

July

27

Rizal, Dapitan, 27 July 1892

Jos Rizal

Brothers

Dapitan

778

1892

September

Rizal, Dapitan, 1 September 1892

Jos Rizal

Fr. Pablo Pastells

Dapitan

Rizal thanks Fr. Pastells for his gift of a book by Sard Replies to Fr. Pastell's message sent
through Fr. Obach of Dapitan Expresses his opinion frankly and sincerely "self-esteem is
dignity..." Thanks him for his advice.

779

1892

September

Idelfonso Laurel, Manila, 3 September 1892

Idelfonso Laurel

Jos Rizal

Manila

Deploring the unfortunate deportation of Rizal Our people consider you their redeemer and
saviour All are ready to shed their for the Motherland

780

[1892]

[October]

Rizal, [Dapitan, October 1892]

Jos Rizal

Josefa Rizal

Dapitan

Attacking me in Solidaridad... would be equivalent to disowning its own principles in its last day
Rizal does not believe that the reformists are more useful abroad, than in their own country Can a
patient be cured more quickly by having the phyician and the medicine far from him Rizal's
return to the -Philippines is strongly opposed
Publication of Lete's article, "Iluso" resented Paez will name his son after Rizal Masonry is
progressing Will send Rizal a good copy of Florante at Laura

The news of the deportation of Rizal saddens the home of the Blumentritts He hopes he will
regain his freedom Rizal's devoted friends will work to restore to him his freedom.

Complete list of Jos Rizal's correspondence


Number

Year

Month

Day

Title

From

To

Location

Summary

781

1892

October

12

Fr. Pablo Pastells, Manila, 12 October 1892

Fr. Pablo Pastells

Jos Rizal

Manila

Father Pastells goes into lengthy philosophic-religious disquisitions Sends him a booklet,
Contemptus Mundi Reminds him of his Ateneo days at Manila.

782

1892

October

13

Anacleto del Rosario y Sales, Manila, 13 October


1892

Anacleto del Rosario


y Sales

Jos Rizal

Manila

His analysis of the waters of Luzon Gifts to Rizal a bottle of Fehlings liquor and tubes for
experiment Reminds Rizal of happy days of the Marian Congregation The value of religious
sentiments in adversity Without them, what would life be?

783

1892

October

19

Rizal, Dapitan, 19 October 1892

Jos Rizal

Teodora Alonzo

Dapitan

784

1892

October

25

Rizal, Dapitan, 25 October 1892

Jos Rizal

Ricardo Carnicero

Dapitan

To Ricardo Carnicero He would like to see his relatives and fellow townsmen exiled to Jolo in
Dapitan They would attract settlers who would cultivate the immense lands of Mindanao He
would engage in farming if he were completely free His parents would come and he would have
his books brought He promises not to abuse his liberty.

785

1892

November

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 1 November 1892

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

His letter confiscated by the friars? Loleng a lover of Spanish and Tagalog Rizal should write a
Tagalog grammar in his exile Picture of a Subano Before the statue of Prometheus of Rizal
And the Triumph of Knowledge over Death An Ilongot catechism.

786

1892

November

11

Rizal, Dapitan, 11 November 1892

Jos Rizal

Fr. Pablo Pastells

Dapitan

To Fr. Pastells Rizal is grateful for a copy Kempis, Imitation of Christ of Fr. Chirino, Fr. Delgado,
and Cartas de los Misioneros Brilliant defense of his espousal of the Philippine cause Noli me
tngere is not inspired by any resentment or by Germans He is not a Protestant He prefers
'light" to "shade" He bears his misfortunes philosophically.

787

1892

December

Fr. Pablo Pastells, Manila, 8 December 1892

Fr. Pablo Pastells

Jos Rizal

Manila

788

1892

December

30

Rizal, (Dapitan) 30 December 1892

Jos Rizal

Fr. Francisco Paula de


Snchez

[Dapitan]

To Father Francisco de Paula Snchez. How to prepare bakhaw paste. Rizal's recipe.

789

1893

January

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, January 1893

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

New Year's Greetings.

790

1893

January

Rizal, Dapitan, 5 January 1893

Jos Rizal

Teodora Alonzo

Dapitan

791

1893

January

Rizal, Dapitan, 9 January 1893

Jos Rizal

Fr. Pablo Pastells

Dapitan

792

1893

January

10

Rizal, Dapitan , 10 January 1893

Jos Rizal

Josefa and Trinidad Rizal

Dapitan

793

1893

January

19

Rizal, Dapitan, 19 January 1893

Jos Rizal

Manuel T. Hidalgo

Dapitan

794

1893

February

Fr. Pablo Pastells, Manila, 2 February 1893

Fr. Pablo Pastells

Jos Rizal

Manila

795

1893

February

Rizal, Dapitan, 8 February 1893

Jos Rizal

Manuel T. Hidalgo

Dapitan

The price of the small dragnet In partnership with another Choleng's convalescence If his
sisters would visit him His santol in bloom by March but not the lanzon Rizal's hammock will be
imitated Naming of his land Do not send him bancas.

796

1893

February

14

Juan Lardet, Dapitan, 14 February 1893

Juan Lardet

Jos Rizal

Dapitan

Retraction of phrases mortifying to Rizal in a letter to Antonio Miranda.

797

1893

February

15

Rizal, Dapitan, 15 February 1893

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Dapitan

In his ostracism he has little correspondence "They treat me more than humanly" Roads to
civilized forest "I lack nothing except my freedom, my family, and my books" About the
Tagalog language Photo of a Subano Blumentritt and the Ilongot language Philological
disquisitions How is Loleng?

798

1893

March

Rizal, Dapitan, 7 March 1893

Jos Rizal

Josefa and Trinidad Rizal

Dapitan

799

1893

March

Rizal, Dapitan, 7 March 1893

Jos Rizal

Manuel T. Hidalgo

Dapitan

Fr. Pastells is deeply interested in Rizal's eternal salvation He claims Rizal has expressed
Protestant ideas in his books Quotes the Bible, St. Augustine, etc.

An unfinished draft of Rizal's letter in which he explains his concept of God.

To supply Dapitan with fish Small sakag catches only little fish With a large puktan more fish
can be caught Order for one puktan And two Calamba fishermen.
Acknowledging Rizal's gift of an image of St. Paul, carved by him A long letter like a sermon on
God, Revelation, Faith, etc.

Deportees in Job freed Waiting for the fish net Inviting his brothers The climate and the low
cost of living there The lucrative abaca business His furniture and books His pretty little
house built.

Complete list of Jos Rizal's correspondence


Number

Year

Month

Day

Title

From

To

Location

Summary

800

1893

March

30

Juan Lardet, Dapitan, 30 March 1893

Juan Lardet

Jos Rizal

Dapitan

801

1893

March

31

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 31 March 1893

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

802

1893

April

Father Pablo Pastells, Manila, April 1893

Fr. Pablo Pastells

Jos Rizal

Manila

803

1893

April

Rizal, Dapitan, 4 April 1893

Jos Rizal

Fr. Pablo Pastells

Dapitan

Rizal's opinion of Mgr. Bougand's book Reiterates his concept of God His belief in Revelation.
His attitude towards Christ's miracles.

804

1893

April

Rizal, Dapitan, 5 April 1893

Jos Rizal

Manuel T. Hidalgo

Dapitan

No more fish net Congratulations to Alfredo In good health though earning little He misses
nothing except the family and his books Gift of jars of mangoes His sister should not work too
hard and should remember him also His trees are bearing fruit.

805

1893

May

Rizal, Dapitan, 3 May 1893

Jos Rizal

Manuel T. Hidalgo

Dapitan

Justo, mistaken for Rizal's brother was seized Pay Mr. Carnicero for his board If he declines it,
give him an equivalent gift.

806

1893

May

Rizal, Dapitan, 3 May 1893

Jos Rizal

Trinidad Rizal

Dapitan

807

1893

May

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 3 May 1893

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

808

1893

June

Rizal, Dapitan, 8 June 1893

Jos Rizal

A. B. Meyer

Dapitan

To Dr. A. B. Meyer Rizal, willing to prepare scientific specimens despite his lack of freedom He
will desiccate birds and reptiles Will Dr. Schadenberg accept any kind of animals, reptiles, and
skulls? Memories of Paris.

809

1893

June

Rizal, Dapitan, 8 June 1893

Jos Rizal

Manuel T. Hidalgo

Dapitan

A cane as gift to Carnicero The accident of his brother A tiny branch hit his eye also The trip
of his mother and brothers.

810

1893

June

30

Silvestre Ubaldo, Manila, 30 June 1893

Silvestre Ubaldo

Jos Rizal

Manila

About Rizal in Brussels Papers on dispossession That Rizal take active interest in the case
The Calamba people take possession of their lands by force They refuse to pay the canon.

811

1893

July

19

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 19 July 1893

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

Names of the native races of the Philippines The ethnographic list would not be confiscated
Rizal's article on Tagalog orthography is sent to European orientalists Mythological dictionary
The grammar of the Tiruray language.

812

1893

August

Rizal, Dapitan,1 August 1893

Jos Rizal

Manuel T. Hidalgo

Dapitan

If his mother would visit him His house in a beautiful place Lacking only one who knows how to
cook well Another prescription In August Rizal performed many surgical operations with pay.

813

1893

August

29

Rizal, Dapitan, 29 August 1893

Jos Rizal

Antonino Lopez

Dapitan

Rizal's family If they like the lands, they will write to their friends to come Waiting for his
father His lands have lanzon trees.

814

1893

September

15

Dr. R. Rost, London, 15 September 1893

Reinhold Rost

Jos Rizal

London

Happy times with Rizal that will never return His wires health is declining Home news Dr.
Bezold with his cuneiform tablets Mr. Rost in forced retirement He offers to send Rizal books
His interest in dictionaries and grammars of the Bagobo, Manobo, and Moro-Magindanao languages
A book on the Tiruray. The original letter is in English.

815

1893

October

15

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 15 October 1893

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

Nothing about politics that might embarrass him He writes him to let him know that he is still
alive and to show him their esteem of him Dr. Rost, weakened by influenza, takes interest in Rizal
Dr. Jagor asked him for information about Rizal Memory of his visit Tempi passati! His
notes on the Ilongots.

816

1893

October

24

Rizal, Dapitan, 24 October 1893

Jos Rizal

A. B. Meyer

Dapitan

Full satisfaction to Rizal Personal question between them is ended.

All his letters are unanswered "Have they been eaten by the anay, or have they forbidden you to
write me?" (Fragment of letter)

Father Pastells discusses Rizal's religious views.

Rizal's letter, a cause for joy He would send him books Greetings of the Klutschacks Dr.
Czepelack dies Mrs. A. B. Meyer admires Rizal The Triumph of Death over Life The European
linguists take interest in the illustrious deportee He should prepare a Tagalog grammar
Blumentritt gave the names of missionaries to some Mindanao rivers.

To Dr. A. B. Meyer Rizal sends a collection of reptiles and rare animals The larger zoological
collection destroyed by rats Are the skeletons of mammals to be mounted or to be joined?
Rizal has a collection of seashells, 200 species.

Complete list of Jos Rizal's correspondence


Number

Year

Month

Day

Title

From

To

Location

817

1893

October

25

Rizal, 25 October 1893

Jos Rizal

Saturnina Rizal

Dapitan

Congratulations on her happy delivery He invites her to Dapitan to trade in clothes, jewels, and
abaca.

818

1893

October

25

Rizal, Dapitan, 25 October 1893

Jos Rizal

Manuel T. Hidalgo

Dapitan

Congratulations on the arrival of an addition to the family Christmas lanterns "Nanay and
Trining are satisfied with my land." "Here we have no civil guards, nor neighbors, nor gossip."
P10 for a Christmas lottery ticket.

819

1893

October

26

Rizal, Dapitan, 26 October 1893

Jos Rizal

Josephine Rizal (Josefa


Rizal)

Dapitan

A good student of English Invites her to Dapitan "Our little house is between beautiful
mountains". A lottery ticket Grammatical correction Wishes to see his father.

820

1893

November

20

Rizal, Dapitan, 20 November 1893

Jos Rizal

A. B. Meyer

Dapitan

To Dr. A. B. Meyer Rizal gives a list of specimens he had already sent In exchange he would
like some books.

821

1893

November

22

Rizal, Dapitan, 22 November 1893

Jos Rizal

Jose Martos O' Neale

Dapitan

To Mr. O'Neale Rizal authorizes Mr. O'Neale to reprint his Morga edition and refute his
annotations.

822

1893

December

19

Rizal, Dapitan, 19 December 1893

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Dapitan

A poet's dream among the mists of the Rhine Poor wingless butterfly dreaming of flowers and the
pure atmosphere of other regions From the present evil much future good will be gathered A
flower grows in the mire From my present misfortune, I will get something good some day I
believe I have the seed Specimen of natural history lost in the sinking of the Normandy The
Tagalog grammar is finished His life in Dapitan The impostor Pablo Mercado.

823

1893

December

20

Rizal, Dapitan, 20 December 1893

Jos Rizal

Alfredo Hidalgo

Dapitan

Encouraging his nephew in his studies A little mistake in expression Life is an eternal struggle
with a smile on the lips and tears in the heart.

824

1893

December

20

Rizal, Dapitan, 20 December 1893

Jos Rizal

Manuel T. Hidalgo

Dapitan

Pablo Mercado carries out a friar intrigue Revelations Letters and other writings of Rizal to
embarrass him Detention of the impostor Rizal's helpers: Edjawan and Agapay.

825

1893

December

20

Rizal, Dapitan, 20 December 1893

Jos Rizal

Francisco Rizal

Dapitan

826

1894

Julio Llorente, no date, 1894?

Julio Llorente

Jos Rizal

827

1894

January

Dr. R. Rost, London, 5 January 1894

Reinhold Rost

Jos Rizal

London

Rizal's letter made the Rost family happy He asks Rizal to send articles to the Asiatic Society of
Singapore and other scientific societies Books on Mindanao dialects An English-Sulu-Malayan
vocabulary. The original letter is in English.

828

1894

February

Rizal, Dapitan, February 1894

Jos Rizal

Ramon Blanco

Dapitan

To Governor-General Blanco Rizal requests the Government to lift up his banishment Or submit
his case to the decision of the courts His innocence Victim of injustice His pathetic situation.

829

1894

February

W. Joest, Berlin, 4 February 1894

W. Joest

Jos Rizal

Berlin

Greetings from friends in Germany and Dr. Baesler Asks Rizal's opinion on an ethnographic object
from Mindanao He sends him a photograph of a bamboo case of a Moro dato Was it used to
send written messages? None like it in European museums.

830

1894

February

13

Rizal, Dapitan, 13 February 1894

Jos Rizal

Ramon Blanco

Dapitan

To the Governor General Unjustly exiled to Dapitan almost two years ago by order or Despujol
without any trial He was not given an opportunity to defend himself Rizal asks for trial In a
fair trial Rizal believes he can prove his innocence.

831

1894

February

14

Rizal, Dapitan, 14 February 1894

Jos Rizal

Manuel T. Hidalgo

Dapitan

Without letters or news Application for liberty borne by his brother-in-law Tatay (Father) ought
to present it on behalf of his son House plan Consult M. Salvador's father about its cost.

832

1894

March

10

Rizal, Dapitan, 10 March 1894

Jos Rizal

Manuel T. Hidalgo

Dapitan

His petition unanswered Ordering a book on the diseases of the ears Much success though little
money Few patients go away without being cured Rizal will represent an association of abaca
growers.

833

1894

March

13

Rizal, Dapitan, 13 March 1894

Jos Rizal

Manuel T. Hidalgo

Dapitan

All well; Rizal is missing only his books His lands dotted with little hospital-houses With very
many patients Are letters lost in
the mail?

834

1894

April

Valentin Ventura, Paris, 6 April 1894

Valentin Ventura

Jos Rizal

Paris

835

1894

April

10

Rizal, Dapitan, 10 April 1894

Jos Rizal

A. B. Meyer

Dapitan

Summary

Llorente sends Rizal a card introducing a Mr. Bracken from Hong Kong

Bill of lading of a parcel sent to Rizal by the firm Gendre of Paris via the Messageries Maritimes
To Dr. A. B. Meyer Gift of books by famous authors received from Dr. Meyer Zoological
specimens for Heinszen Another box of desiccated insects and animals "Do you want
ethnological collections?" Rizal says all the specimens he can send him will not be enough to pay
for the books he has received.

Complete list of Jos Rizal's correspondence


Number

Year

Month

Day

Title

From

To

Location

Summary

836

1894

April

18

A. Lucas & Company, Paris, 18 April 1894

A. Lucas &
Company

Jos Rizal

Paris

Rizal receives a business letter from Paris Remittance to Rizal through the Messageries Maritimes
of lenses, suture needles, and price list of artificial eyes, chromatophtometer, and Hacket
microscopes.

837

1894

April

24

S. Knuttle, Stuttgart, 24 April 1894

S. Knuttle

Jos Rizal

Stuttgart

838

1894

May

Rizal, Dapitan, 9 May 1894

Jos Rizal

A. B. Meyer

Dapitan

839

1894

May

Rizal, Dapitan, 9 May 1894

Jos Rizal

Francisco Rizal

Dapitan

840

1894

June

Rizal, Dapitan, 5 June 1894

Jos Rizal

Manuel T. Hidalgo

Dapitan

The governor general has not replied A reminder of his request Abaca agency in Manila
Rizal's business transactions Majority of his numerous patients are poor He earns something
but not enough for the work done Tagalog dictionary.

841

1894

July

Rizal, Dapitan, 4 July 1894

Jos Rizal

Manuel T. Hidalgo

Dapitan

Eyeglasses or lenses for cataract Rizal in business partnership with a man in Dapitan Invites
his sister to engaged in the abaca business He lets his family decide his return "If with my
specialty I can earn more there, I will return to Manila." Operated on his mother for cataracts.

842

1894

July

16

S. Knuttle, Stuttgart, 16 July 1894

S. Knuttle

Jos Rizal

Stuttgart

843

1894

July

18

Blumentritt, Elbe, 18 July 1894

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Elbe

844

1894

July

31

Rizal, Dapitan, 31 July 1894

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Dapitan

Condolence to the Blumentritt family Rizal, abaca merchant Teaching the people of Dapitan to
revive their industries Copy of Chau Ju-Kua's account of the Philippines? He will publish his
Tagalog Grammar as soon as he is free He is learning Bisayan and teaching Dapitan boys And
Miss Loleng? "I can still see her running after us with her schoolbag, greeting us with her little
hand, and smiling with her eyes." Rizal writes in different languages in order not to forget them
A mathematics book The path in the middle of a dark forest.

845

1894

July

31

Rizal, Dapitan, 31 July 1894

Jos Rizal

A. B. Meyer

Dapitan

To Dr. A. B. Meyer Rizal congratulates Dr. Meyer on his excellent article on the Negritos Birds
and other animals Would like a mathematics book in French in exchange Study of the Subanos,
Moros, and mountain tribes Anthropometric data Case of instruments of craniometry Thanks
for mentioning him in an ethnographic work The Tagalog grammar is finished Comparative
dictionary of dialects Friend Mr. Kunstscherff Explanation of the bamboo case of Joest.

846

1894

August

14

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 14 August 1894

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

Blumentritt goes on excursions to the mountains or bathes in the Elbe His wife is like the
Hausfrau of Schiller Fritz is promising Loleng is a good cook and Konrad will study Latin Prof.
Kern affirms that the titles dato, gat, and hari are of Malayan origin, only lady is Sanskrit
Geographical dictionary of Mindanao.

847

1894

August

17

The Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 17 August 1894

The Blumentritts

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

Post card

848

1894

August

29

Rizal, Dapitan, 29 August 1894

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Dapitan

Your father, that good old man who sat with us at your table! Absorbed in too many occupations
"At times my head buzzes" Commercial company founded by Rizal Teaches the Mindanao
folks how to engage in trading to free themselves from the Chinese businessmen.

849

1894

September

26

Rizal, Dapitan, 26 September 1894

Jos Rizal

Manuel T. Hidalgo

Dapitan

Subscription to La Oceania Will not write any more to the governor general He is engage in
business with a capital he has earned from his medical practice He deplores the misfortunes of his
brothers at Calamba "If I could monopolize all the troubles and losses and leave to you all the
joys and profits, I would do it with pleasure."

850

1894

October

26

Rizal, Dapitan, 26 October 1894

Jos Rizal

A. B. Meyer

Dapitan

List of butterflies collected by Rizal for Dr. A. B. Meyer.

851

1894

November

Napolen M. Keihl, Prague, 3 November 1894

Napolen M. Keihl

Jos Rizal

Prague

Rizal's admirer Calls him "noble representative of colonial Spain Asks Rizal for Mindanao
butterflies Two nets for catching lepidoptera Will write on Mindanao fauna.

Rizal is so well known as a scientist among European scholars that his name was given to Mr.
Knuttle He is asked to send articles on volcanoes in Mindanao, Luzon, and Bisayas.
To Dr. A. B. Meyer Remittance of a collection of butterflies and coleoptera Part of it for Mr.
Keihl of Prague Reptiles and fishes Bamboo box made by Subanos.

Requesting information on volcanic eruptions Or signs of activity, such as earthquake or clouds of


smoke of some volcano Seeking eagerly Rizal's collaboration.
Post card

Complete list of Jos Rizal's correspondence


Number

Year

Month

Day

Title

From

To

Location

852

1894

November

Napolen M. Keihl, Prague, 4 November 1894

Napolen M. Keihl

Jos Rizal

Prague

Small net for catching butterflies sent under separate cover.

853

1894

November

17

Juan Luna, Manila, 17 November 1894

Juan Luna

Jos Rizal

Manila

Acquitted, Luna returns to his homeland Painted in Bilbao pictures ordered by Spanish
personages Wandering about the world he has become a bit of a philosopher at Manila Called
on Rizal's family Vicissitudes and misfortunes Rizal is enough of a philosopher to understand
what destiny is

854

1894

November

21

Rizal, Dapitan, 21 November 1894

Jos Rizal

Manuel T. Hidalgo

Dapitan

Rizal spoke with His Excellency at Dapitan He promised to transfer him either to Ilocos or La
Union.

855

1894

November

21

Rizal, Dapitan, 21 November 1894

Jos Rizal

A. B. Meyer

Dapitan

To Dr. A. B. Meyer Rizal sends Dr. Meyer birds and other animals and a Subano knife New
species of butterflies He says he may be transferred to Ilocos or La Union.

856

1894

December

Dr. R. Rost, London, 7 December 1894

Reinhold Rost

Jos Rizal

London

Glad to have tidings of Rizal Has corresponded with Retana and reviewed his publications At 73
he has to work to add something to his meager pension Asks Rizal to write on the dialects spoken
in Mindanao for publication in the Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society. The original letter is in
English.

857

1894

December

18

Rizal, Dapitan, 18 December 1894

Jos Rizal

Jos Ma. Basa

Dapitan

The sending of his medical books And his English and German dictionaries His transfer to Ilocos
or La Union There are difficulties in granting him his freedom Dapitan is very poor, very poor
Lack of medicine and instruments Very regrettable conditions that he is unable to remedy

858

[1895]

Rizal, Dapitan, (No Date) Wednesday

Jos Rizal

Trinidad Rizal

Dapitan

Invites his sisters to take a vacation in Dapitan Engage in some business that will distract you
and compensate you for your traveling expenses The dam is already high but the work is stopped
for lack of time A rich woman who pretended to be poor.

859

1895

January

15

Rizal, Dapitan, 15 January 1895

Jos Rizal

A. B. Meyer

Dapitan

To Dr. A. B. Meyer Remittance of another zoological collection The duplicates are for Dr. Heller
With so many patients he has no time to attend to remittances.

860

1895

January

15

Rizal, Dapitan, 15 January 1895

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Dapitan

Mrs. Teodora Alonso returns to Manila Rizal losing hope of getting out of his exile Ma-yi is more
interesting to Rizal because he lives in Ka-ma-yen He does not approve the geographical names
If Mr. Hirth had given the Chinese characters in which the names of the towns were written, Rizal
could decipher them with the aid of the local Chinese Enlarging his Essay on the Tagalog
Language Laudatory opinion on the Blumentritt children Recollections of happy days in
Leitmeritz.

861

1895

February

Rizal , Dapitan, [February 1895]

Jos Rizal

Teodora Alonzo

Dapitan

862

1895

February

K. M. Heller, Dresden, 5 February 1895

K. M. Heller

Jos Rizal

Dresden

863

1895

March

Napolen M. Keihl, Prague, 7 March 1895

Napolen M. Keihl

Jos Rizal

Prague

Another copy of Fauna de Nas That the boys of Rizal collect insects Locusts, beetles, blow-flies
Will publish his impressions of his trip in Spain.

864

1895

March

13

Rizal, Dapitan, 13 March 1895

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Dapitan

Rizal's pupils in Dapitan offer to work in his house Good teachers teach so that children may
learn and not waste their time A Malayan grammar and a book for collectors of natural objects
Why is the Tagalog i change into o in Bisayan? Curious way of the formation of the present tense
in Tagalog He will study the phonetic changes of other languages A comparative philology of
Malayan-Polinesian languages.

865

1895

March

14

Rizal, Dapitan, 14 March 1895

Jos Rizal

Mariano Pinili

Dapitan

To Mr. Mariano Pinili The machine will arrive from America within two months.

866

1895

March

14

Rizal, Dapitan, 14 March 1895

Jos Rizal

A. B. Meyer

Dapitan

To Dr. A. B. Meyer Little difference between the wild boar and the domesticated hog Rizal is
very sorry he can no longer send specimens He is very busy with so many patients Possible
change of his place of deportation.

867

1895

March

14

Rizal, Dapitan, 14 March 1895

Jos Rizal

Teodora Alonzo

Dapitan

Recommending Miss Josephine L. Tauffer to his mother That she give her hospitality and treat her
like a daughter, as an esteemed and
dear person to Rizal.

868

1895

March

15

Rizal, Dapitan, 15 March 1895

Jos Rizal

Dr. Lorenzo Marquez

Dapitan

Present of books on carpentry and wheel have been taken as revolutionary books He will engage
in farming His clientele in Dapitan is poor They propose to him to escape But Rizal does not
want to be called "a runaway."

869

[1895]

[April]

Rizal, Dapitan, [April 1895?]

Jos Rizal

Narcisa Rizal

Dapitan

Miss Josephine is grateful for the hospitality Rizal decides that she remain in Dapitan The
"sweet stranger" is so busy she cannot dry fish or make pickles.

870

1895

April

Rizal, Dapitan, 10 April 1895

Jos Rizal

Jos Ma. Basa

Dapitan

He is thinking of colonizing Ponot on the coast As he will be in the forest, he is asking for his
library In Ponot one can have four or five thousand cattle and 40,000 coconut trees

10

Summary

On the remittance of insects Some spoiled by moths New species of beetle sent to Rizal
Atonia ochroplagiata One new variety among the 13 beetles Rewarding result for science.

Complete list of Jos Rizal's correspondence


Number

Year

Month

Day

Title

From

To

Location

Summary

871

1895

April

10

Rizal, Dapitan, 10 April 1895

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Dapitan

Philological explanation of the term Mindanao Adoption of the new Tagalog orthography Works
of immortal fame Rizal taking care of patients and planting Studying Malay Tagalog could
not have been derived from Malay Despite many common words A grammar, a monument to
his native tongue.

872

1895

April

26

Dr. R. Rost, London, 26 April 1895

Reinhold Rost

Jos Rizal

London

Fond memory of Rizal The old librarian is suffering for his compulsory retirement Encouraging
the hero in his linguistic works The Rost Collection on Philippine dialects These are derived
from the Tagalog or the Bisaya The Malagasy language.
The original letter is in English.

873

1895

May

Rizal. Dapitan, 8 May 1895

Jos Rizal

Ramon Blanco

Dapitan

To Governor-General Blanco Rizal requests his transfer to Spain In order to restore his broken
health The departure of Sitges contributes to this resolution Sitges does not consider him antiSpaniard The government should not deny him the opportunity to earn his livelihood.

874

1895

May

Rizal, Dapitan, 9 May 1895

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Dapitan

Anacleto del Rosario, Rizal's classmate, has died A fervent Catholic, "he discussed nothing; I
discussed everything and I doubted." He represented my student friendship; Blumentritt, my
present friendship of free inquiry." ".... it matters little to me if they lock me up in Santiago or in
Santo Domingo. My spirit will always be free." "I have reached with my limited strength the
highest point which I can attain and I am afraid that if they would let me walk further, I may
descend more rapidly than I have climbed up." The yellow color of the eyes of the Negritos.

875

1895

May

Rizal, Dapitan, 9 May 1895

Jos Rizal

Trinidad Rizal

Dapitan

He asks everybody to have more confidence in him He's in the hands of God Let us do our
duty, what is right, and let God do the rest Let us think well of our fellowmen.

876

1895

June

Ramon Blanco

Jos Rizal

Manila

877

1895

June

Rizal, Dapitan, 6 June 1895

Jos Rizal

Trinidad Rizal

Dapitan

He will send her a black pearl If Father would come The fruit trees are in bloom Miss
Josephine postpones her trip to Manila.

878

1895

June

Rizal, Dapitan, 6 June 1895

Jos Rizal

Maria Rizal

Dapitan

Asks his nephew Moris to speak English Reports uncollected debts.

879

1895

July

Dr. A. B. Meyer, Dresden, July 1895

A. B. Meyer

Jos Rizal

Dresden

The green snake (Deudrophilis) is not poisonous Dr. Heller would like coleoptera in alcohol In
exchange he will send Rizal books Careful packing of specimens.

880

1895

July

Napolen M. Keihl, Prague, 2 July 1895

Napolen M. Keihl

Jos Rizal

Prague

His trip and misadventures in Spain They broke his camera Asks for more butterflies Their
technical names.

881

1895

July

Rizal, Dapitan, 4 July 1895

Jos Rizal

Teodora Alonzo

Dapitan

P50 of his savings for his mother to buy what she likes Rizal praises Miss Bracken His Father
should not worry about him He's in the hands of God He asks for seeds His fruit trees are
flourishing.

882

1895

July

Rizal, Dapitan, 4 July 1895

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Dapitan

Blumentritt's photograph Rizal teaching boys Spanish, English, arithmetic, and geometry and in
payment they work for him Dr. Rost thinks that the dialects here can be grouped into two: Bisayo
and Tagalog. Rizal thinks that these two languages can be fused into one through phonetical
changes Intelligence is inherited, according to Rizal The intelligent races today are so after a
long hereditary process.

883

1895

July

31

Rizal, Dapitan, 31 July 1895

Jos Rizal

Trinidad Rizal

Dapitan

884

1895

July

31

Rizal, Dapitan, 31 July 1895

Jos Rizal

Maria Rizal

Dapitan

He orders petroleum, flour, soap, etc. He may change his residence.

885

1895

August

Dr. R. Rost, London, 9 August 1895

Reinhold Rost

Jos Rizal

London

Jagor, Blumentritt, and Rost fondly remember Rizal The librarian, already a valetudinarian, is
anxious to see Rizal before he dies He is glad that Rizal is studying Malay Awaits his linguistic
essays. The original letter is in English.

886

1895

August

27

Rizal, Dapitan, 27 August 1895

Jos Rizal

Trinidad Rizal

Dapitan

887

1895

August

28

Rizal, Dapitan, 28 August 1895

Jos Rizal

Maria Rizal

Dapitan

Treatment for his nephew, Moris If his parents join him at Dapitan, he would remain there to
engage in farming.

888

1895

September

25

Rizal, Dapitan, 25 September 1895

Jos Rizal

Maria Rizal

Dapitan

His sister Maria's debtors have not paid Orders fishhooks Will send friends walking sticks as
souvenir.

Governor-General Ramon Blanco, Manila, 1 June 1895

Rizal granted authorization to cultivate lands for the establishment of an agricultural colony near the
gulf of Sindangan.

Complete list of Jos Rizal's correspondence


Number

Year

Month

Day

Title

From

To

Location

Summary

889

1895

September

25

Rizal, Dapitan, 25 September 1895

Jos Rizal

Trinidad Rizal

Dapitan

890

1895

September

25

Rizal, Dapitan, 25 September 1895

Jos Rizal

Teodora Alonzo

Dapitan

He encourages his mother to buy a lot in Meisik, Manila He asks for family data for a genealogy.

891

1895

October

20

S. Jugo Vidal, Capiz, 20 October 1895

S. Jugo Vidal

Jos Rizal

Capiz

A fellow reformist in Spain introduces an eye patient to Rizal His sister, treated by Rizal, has fully
recovered.

892

1895

October

22

Rizal, Dapitan, 22 October 1895

Jos Rizal

Teodora Alonzo

Dapitan

Rizal sends his mother his poem Mi Retiro Also Himno a Talisay written for his pupils He vows
not to buy anything from the local Chinese stores Sends honey and fruits to his mother Sitjes,
former Dapitan politico-Military Commander.

893

1895

October

23

Rizal, Dapitan, 23 October 1895

Jos Rizal

Teodora Alonzo

894

1895

October

23

Rizal, Dapitan, 23 October 1895

Jos Rizal

Trinidad Rizal

Dapitan

895

1895

October

25

Rizal, Dapitan, 25 October 1895

Jos Rizal

Maria Rizal

Dapitan

He asks his family not to urge patients to go to him He is willing to teach his nephews Sends
honey and fruits to his family.

896

1895

November

16

Rizal, Dapitan, 16 November 1895

Jos Rizal

Benito Francia

Dapitan

To Mr. Benito Francia An article on the Prcticas de los curanderos (Practices of the Quacks)
Requested by the Chief of Welfare and Health Rizal indignantly rejects his statement describing
his ideas as "unfortunate separatist ideas."

897

1895

November

20

Rizal, Dapitan, 20 November 1895

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Dapitan

Blumentritt masters the Spanish language What elegance in his expression! Rizal is
forgetting, little by little the German he has learned Oh, those rustic excursions in Germany!
Wander through the forests, gather strawberries, drink Rhine wine, eat heartily, and sleep under the
pine trees Rizal studies Malay and writes on the bewitched Tagalog Versification at the
Ethnographic Society of Berlin A wooden machine for making bricks Will apply for post of
military physician in Cuba Busy with philological works.

898

1895

November

21

Rizal, Dapitan, 21 November 1895

Jos Rizal

Teodora Alonzo

Dapitan

He does not want his mother to appeal to the governor general for his freedom He has written
him again He has applied for enlistment in the army as physician Sends his parents some
money The new politico-Military commander.

899

1895

November

21

Rizal, Dapitan, 21 November 1895

Jos Rizal

Maria Rizal

Dapitan

Prescription for toothache Would like Miss Bracken to stay Carpentry is his diversion.

900

1895

November

21

Rizal, Dapitan, 21 November 1895

Jos Rizal

Trinidad Rizal

Dapitan

901

1895

[December]

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

902

1895

December

16

Rizal, Dapitan, 16 December 1895

Jos Rizal

Pedro A. Paterno

Dapitan

Condolences for the death of Dr. Antonio Paterno Minong y Rizal were such good friends It is
sad to live on memories How many friends of one's youth have passed away!

903

1895

December

17

Rizal, Dapitan, 17 December 1895

Jos Rizal

Ramon Blanco

Dapitan

To the Governor General He offers to serve in the Cuban campaign as physician in the Spanish
Army.

904

1895

December

18

Rizal, Dapitan, 18 December 1895

Jos Rizal

Maria Rizal

Dapitan

Miss Josephine's regards and Christmas greetings Rizal sends some affectionate lines in English to
his nephew Moris.

905

1895

December

18

Rizal, Dapitan, 18 December 1895

Jos Rizal

Lucia Rizal

Dapitan

The progress of the education of his nieces is the fruit of the troubles in Calamba.

906

1895

December

18

Rizal, Dapitan, 18 December 1895

Jos Rizal

Teodora Alonzo

Dapitan

Allaying his parents' fears about his proposed service in Cuba He would welcome an inexpensive
bicycle He sends money to his parents Presents to his family He has many patients but few
pay.

907

[1896]

Rizal, [1896?]

Jos Rizal

Family

908

[1896]

Rizal, [Dapitan, 1896?]

Jos Rizal

Lucia Rizal

New Year's Greetings.

Rizal bids his family farewell "It is better to die than to live suffering" How he wishes to be
buried.

Dapitan

The nephews are advancing in their studies Now they write to their mother without dictation
They are studying fractions and they speak English Osio can swim until 30 braces Tanis dives
like an eel And can lift up a twenty-five pound weight.

Complete list of Jos Rizal's correspondence


Number

Year

Month

Day

Title

From

To

Location

Summary

909

1896

January

15

Rizal, Dapitan, 15 January 1896

Jos Rizal

Trinidad Rizal

Dapitan

Order for household equipment Sends money for the bicycle Present of fish, cacao, and music
books from Miss Josephine Good Dapitan Christmas "My greatest happiness would be to have
you all by my side." They should think it over before they join him Trining can live in the town
and open a store Order list.

910

1896

January

15

Rizal, Dapitan, 15 January 1896

Jos Rizal

Teodora Alonzo

Dapitan

Rizal buys lands He has spent his youth serving his country Now he wants to serve his parents
Writes glowingly about his plans Josephine is good and meek.

911

1896

February

12

Rizal, Dapitan, 12 February 1896

Jos Rizal

Lucia Rizal

Dapitan

Let them follow their respective vocations Moris, the same as before Teodosio wants to be a
farmer "We cannot all be doctors." That some till the land Tan loves studying Miss
Bracken likes them very much Rizal will teach them Spanish, English, Arithmetic, and gymnastics.

912

1896

February

12

Rizal, Dapitan, 12 February 1896

Jos Rizal

Maria Rizal

Dapitan

Reports the progress of her son Moris in his studies Orders some provisions.

913

1896

February

12

Rizal, Dapitan, 12 February 1896

Jos Rizal

Trinidad Rizal

Dapitan

914

1896

February

14

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 14 February 1896

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

915

1896

February

15

Rizal, Dapitan, 15 February 1896

Jos Rizal

Trinidad Rizal

Dapitan

916

1896

March

12

Rizal, Dapitan, 12 March 1896

Jos Rizal

Trinidad Rizal

Dapitan

917

1896

March

12

Rizal, Dapitan, 12 March 1896

Jos Rizal

Teodora Alonzo

Dapitan

918

1896

March

12

Rizal, Dapitan, 12 March 1896

Jos Rizal

Maria Rizal

Dapitan

He reports on Maria's son, Moris.


Philological conversation with Blumentritt Rizal treating patients from various parts of the
Archipelago The Mangianenschrift Blumentritt comprehends the spirit of the Tagalogs Before
publishing his grammar (Rizal wants to be well steeped in Malay And to make sure if it is the
origin of Tagalog He now speaks Bisayan And studying Malayo-Polynesian languages His
ambition to raise a monument to his native tongue Correction of Tagalog translation by Rizal
On the g of Rizal which, according to Foy, is irrefhrend Rizalian orthography adopted and its use
is becoming general On the etymology of Babailan and Lanaw Meaning of Dapitan Rizal
sends three roses from his garden to the Blumentritt family.

Rost, the librarian, on his way to Canterbury to give a lecture, died of apoplexy Orientalist
science loses an industrious servant He called Rizal "a pearl of a man."'

919

1896

April

Rizal, Dapitan, 5 April 1896

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Dapitan

920

1896

April

Rizal, Dapitan, 9 April 1896

Jos Rizal

Trinidad Rizal

Dapitan

921

1896

April

Rizal, Dapitan, 9 April 1896

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Dapitan

Rizal deplores the death of Dr. Rost. He was like a father to him and his house a home to Rizal
He died serving the cause of science Affectionate phrases from Rizal Rizal also complains that
he cannot see those dear to him If he did not believe in the immortality of the soul, he would
invent it to be able to see Rost again.

922

1896

April

25

Trinidad Rizal, Manila, 25 April 1896

Trinidad Rizal

Jos Rizal

Manila

M. Rivera trusted friend, is going to pick up the ring and the boards for the dulang offered by Rizal.

923

1896

April

28

Jos Ma. Basa, Hong Kong, 28 April 1896

Jos Ma. Basa

Jos Rizal

Hong Kong

Mr. Marciano Rivera, bearer of a letter to Rizal

924

1896

May

13

Blumentritt, Leitmeritz, 13 May 1896

Ferdinand
Blumentritt

Jos Rizal

Leitmeritz

Blumentritt, sick, awaits the warmth of summer Bad weather in Leitmeritz with flood A volume
of the review Archivo with a mythological dictionary of the Philippines Tagalog deities and beliefs
compared with those of the other Malays The Mindanao dictionary is not finished yet.

925

[1896]

[May or June]

Rizal, [Dapitan, May or June 1896]

Jos Rizal

Trinidad Rizal

[Dapitan]

926

1896

July

Governor-General Ramn Blanco, Manila, 1 July 1896

Ramon Blanco

Jos Rizal

Manila

Rizal is appointed to the Army in Cuba as physician attached to the Military Health Corps.

Complete list of Jos Rizal's correspondence


Number

Year

Month

Day

Title

From

To

Location

927

1896

July

Rizal, Dapitan, 2 July 1896

Jos Rizal

Trinidad Rizal

Dapitan

928

1896

August

Rizal, Caacao, On board the Castilla, 8 August


1896

Jos Rizal

Teodora Alonzo

Cruiser Castilla

929

1896

August

12

Rizal, On board the Cruiser Castilla, 12 August 1896

Jos Rizal

Teodora Alonzo

Cruiser Castilla

930

1896

August

12

Rizal, On board the Cruiser Castilla, 12 August 1896

Jos Rizal

Narcisa Rizal

Cruiser Castilla

931

1896

August

13

Narcisa Rizal, Manila, 13 August 1896

Narcisa Rizal

Jos Rizal

Manila

She is sending him all his orders Josephine is sad.

932

1896

August

13

Josephine Bracken, Manila, 13 August 1896

Josephine Bracken

Jos Rizal

Manila

Miss Bracken complains of the treatment accorded her by Rizal's sisters because she is not married
to him Only his sister Narcisa and his father are kind to her. The original letter in English is
published in Documentos Rizalinos, Manila, 1953, pp. 7-9. It is evident Miss Bracken does not write
grammatical English.

933

1896

August

17

Josephine Bracken, Manila, 17 August 1896

Josephine Bracken

Jos Rizal

Manila

Miss Bracken tries to see the Governor General in behalf of Rizal She has fifteen pupils She is
also studying piano She remembers their life together in Dapitan. The original letter in English is
published in Documentos Rizalinos, Manila, 1953, pp. 13-16.

934

1896

August

19

Rizal, On board the Cruiser Castilla, 19 August 1896

Jos Rizal

Narcisa Rizal

Cruiser Castilla

Reiterates his order of certain delicacies to be sent to the Cruiser Castilla The officers treat Rizal
well and he wants to compliment them His sister to calm his old parents Trust in God who
watches over us all He has saved me from greater perils than war.

935

1896

August

25

Rizal, On board the Cruiser Castilla, 25 August 1896

Jos Rizal

Narcisa Rizal

Cruiser Castilla

Grateful to his sister for her hospitality to Josephine But he would not want to abuse it A proof
of fraternal love that Rizal will never forget But to avoid troubles it would be better that she take
a little house near her sister's Orders his medical instruments and clothes.

936

1896

August

30

Commander-inCommander-in-chief of the Army of the Philippines,


chief of the Army of
Manila, 30 August 1896
the Philippines

Jos Rizal

Manila

937

1896

September

Rizal, At the Bay, 2 September 1896

Jos Rizal

Sisters (and other family


members)

At the Bay

938

1896

September

Rizal, On board the Cruiser Castilla, 2 September


1896

Jos Rizal

Teodora Alonzo

Cruiser Castilla

939

1896

September

Rizal, On board the Isla de Panay, 7 September


1896

Jos Rizal

Teodora Alonzo

940

1896

September

21

Colombo to Aden

Jos Rizal

Teodora Alonzo

Isla de Panay

941

1896

September

27

Francisco Villa-Abrille, Argentina, 27 September


1896

Francisco VillaAbrille

Jos Rizal

Argentina

Suggestions of a nostalgic compatriot Long live the Unitarian Republic of the Philippines! News
of the insurrection reached Argentina He believes that Japan is called upon to liberate Oceania
and the west coast of the Pacific from European domination High hopes for an independent
Philippines News of Rizal's arrest published in Argentine newspapers He would like to be a
signatory of the Philippine act of Independence

942

1896

September

28

Rizal, en route to Spain, 28 September 1896

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

En route to Spain

Rizal en route to Spain to join the army in Cuba is arrested in his cabin for alleged complicity in the
Philippine insurrection Will be returned to Manila for trial Tells Blumentritt what happened to
him.

943

1896

September

29

Francisco Villa-Abrille, Argentina, 29 September


1896

Francisco VillaAbrille

Jos Rizal

Argentina

Sends his adhesion to the General Committee of the Philippine Revolution through Rizal Offers his
services as notary public.

944

1896

December

10

Investigating Judge

Fort Santiago, Manila

To the Investigating Judge Rizal inquires if he will be allowed to issue a manifesto to his countrymen
concerning the use of his name in their agitation. Permission was granted him and he wrote the
manifesto, but its publication was not allowed.

945

1896

December

20

Rizal, Real Fuerza de Santiago, Manila, 10 December 1896Jos Rizal

Rizal, 20 December 1896

Jos Rizal

Luis Taviel de Andrade

Summary

Request Miss Josephine to send him his vest, trousers, and more collars and cuffs and postage
stamps Asks some delicacies That his nephews study English, taking advantage of Miss
Josephine's stay at home.

With two letters of introduction to the ministers of war and colonies.

Persuasive requests and recommendations of Rizal to his family before his departure for Cuba
May his brothers take good care of their old parents.
Moving words of farewell of Rizal to his mother on leaving for Cuba "Take very good care of
yourself and take care of my old father so that we may meet again." Wishes his family to stand
united.

Incharge of one patient Fine weather He is in good health.

To Luis Taviel de Andrade What do you think of a consultation with a lawyer proposed by my
sister? Rizal, however, has confidence in the ability of Andrade.

Complete list of Jos Rizal's correspondence


Number

Year

Month

Day

Title

From

To

Location

Summary
To Mr. Luis Taviel de Andrade Requesting an interview with his defender before appearing before
the Plenary Court in the trial of his
case.

946

1896

December

25

Rizal, Royal Fort Santiago, 25 December 1896

Jos Rizal

Luis Taviel de Andrade

Fort Santiago, Manila

947

1896

December

29

Rizal, Fort Santiago, 29 December 1896

Jos Rizal

Parents and brothers

Fort Santiago

Rizal would like to see the bravest members of his family before he dies.

948

1896

December

29

Rizal, Fort Santiago, Manila, 29 December 1896

Jos Rizal

Ferdinand Blumentritt

Fort Santiago

Farewell of the Martyr to his favorite friend.

949

1896

December

[29]

Rizal, Royal Fort of Santiago, [29?] December 1896

Jos Rizal

Paciano Rizal

Fort Santiago

Last words to his brother Paciano How sorry I am to leave you alone in life bearing the whole
weight of the family and our old parents!

950

1896

December

30

Rizal, 6:00 a.m. 30 December 1896

Jos Rizal

Francisco Rizal

951

Adelina Boustead, Biarritz (no date)

Adelina Boustead

Jos Rizal

Miss Boustead sends Rizal a postcard thanking him for a gift of a book. This is in English.

952

Nellie Boustead, without date or address

Nellie Boustead

Jos Rizal

Miss Boustead breaks her relations with Rizal.

Rizal to Eduardo de Lete (no date)

Jos Rizal

Eduardo de Lete

Rizal, [Manila] (no date)

Jos Rizal

953

954

1888

Last words to his parents Asks for forgiveness for the pain he is causing them unwillingly! "To
my very beloved mother."

"Despite everything that has happened, I remain the same.

[Manila]