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ECPI PSY 105 Week1 Quiz1

Question 1
Correct
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Question text
Psychology is differentiated from pseudoscience because of
Select one:
a. the absolute certainty of its findings.
b. its focus on the natural rather than the social world.
c. the more widespread public acceptance of pseudoscience.
d. its findings are more relevant to human problems.
e. its method of using the scientific method to test theories and hypotheses.

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The correct answer is: its method of using the scientific method to test theories and hypotheses.

Question 2
Correct
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Question text
Wilhelm Wundt founded the
Select one:
a. notion of free will.
b. approach of radical behaviorism.
c. psychodynamic approach.
d. first psychology laboratory.
e. first therapy clinic in the United States.

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The correct answer is: first psychology laboratory.

Question 3
Correct
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The key feature of behaviorism that distinguishes it from other approaches to psychology is that
Select one:
a. consciousness is central to the study of the mind.
b. only measurable and observable behavior is appropriate for study.
c. mental abilities evolve just as physical characteristics do.
d. a holistic view of a person is essential for understanding.
e. groups, not individuals, should be the focus of study.

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The correct answer is: only measurable and observable behavior is appropriate for study.

Question 4
Correct
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Eriksons first stage of psychosocial development occurs during the first year of life when others
must satisfy a babys needs. This is the ________ stage.
Select one:
a. autonomy versus shame and doubt
b. generativity versus stagnation
c. trust versus mistrust
d. competence versus inferiority

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The correct answer is: trust versus mistrust

Question 5
Correct
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Disease during pregnancy (such as AIDS or diabetes), marijuana, anti-depressants, aspirin,
cigarettes, alcohol, chemical fumes and fish high in mercury are all examples of ________.
Select one:
a. neural inhibitors
b. teratogens
c. analgesics
d. pathos substances

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The correct answer is: teratogens

Question 6
Correct
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The most important aspect of a hypothesis is that it must be ________.
Select one:
a. complicated
b. relevant
c. testable
d. believable
e. logical

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The correct answer is: testable

Question 7
Correct
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Question text
Who was the founder of psychoanalysis?
Select one:
a. Wilhelm Wundt
b. B. F. Skinner
c. Sigmund Freud
d. ean Piaget
e. William James

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The correct answer is: Sigmund Freud

Question 8
Correct
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Question text
Which of Piagets stages is associated with adolescence and the understanding of abstract
concepts?
Select one:
a. Sensorimotor stage
b. Formal operational stage
c. Preoperational stage
d. Concrete operational stage

e. Post-conventional stage

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The correct answer is: Formal operational stage

Question 9
Correct
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Question text
A formal definition of psychology is as the scientific study of
Select one:
a. human nature.
b. theories and research methods.
c. the process of learning and modifying behavioral reflexes.
d. human behavior and mental processes.
e. groups of people.

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The correct answer is: human behavior and mental processes.

Question 10
Correct
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Question text
Research indicates that there are differences in childrens ________, in that some children are
easy, some are difficult, and some are slow-to-warm-up.
Select one:
a. temperament
b. abilities

c. cognitions
d. communication

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The correct answer is: temperament

Question 11
Correct
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The baby is playing intently with Lisas car keys. Lisa manages to get them away and put them
in a drawer. The baby immediately begins playing intently with something else. This shows that
the baby has not yet developed ________.
Select one:
a. conservation
b. post-operational thinking
c. object permanence
d. stranger anxiety

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The correct answer is: object permanence

Question 12
Correct
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Question text
The American Psychological Association guidelines state that research participants must
Select one:
a. be paid or (rewarded) for their participation.
b. never be deceived under any circumstances.

c. never participate in blind research.


d. be debriefed after the study if the research involves deception.
e. waive their right to privacy if they volunteer for a study.

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The correct answer is: be debriefed after the study if the research involves deception.

Question 13
Correct
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Question text
Which types of research study would be best used to determine how aggressive children are
while playing at a schoolyard during recess?
Select one:
a. Confounding
b. Case study
c. Introspection
d. Naturalistic observation
e. Experiment

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The correct answer is: Naturalistic observation

Question 14
Correct
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Question text
In the nature versus nurture debate the impact of media on the individuals behavior and mental
processes would be considered:

Select one:
a. biological
b. environmental
c. a blend of both nature and nurture related factors
d. inconsequential towards the individuals development

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The correct answer is: environmental

Question 15
Correct
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Why does the placebo affect work?
Select one:
a. because researchers believe it does
b. because participants believe in the power of the placebo
c. because human beings prefer to feel a sense of control
d. because it is an innate aspect of scientific method

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The correct answer is: because participants believe in the power of the placebo

Question 16
Correct
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Which is not part of the five steps of the scientific methods include:
Select one:

a. developing a hypothesis
b. creating a research committee
c. performing a controlled test
d. gathering objective data
e. analyzing the results and accepting/rejecting the hypothesis
f. publishing, criticizing and replicating the results

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The correct answer is: creating a research committee

Question 17
Correct
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Question text
Humanistic psychology
Select one:
a. is a clinical approach focusing on human ability, growth, potential and free will.
b. is a psychological perspective emphasizing mental processes such as learning and
information processing.
c. is the psychological perspective that believes mental processes could be best understood in
terms of adaption and function.
d. is he psychological view that emphasizes human interaction, socail learning and a cultural
perspective.

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The correct answer is: is a clinical approach focusing on human ability, growth, potential and
free will.

Question 18
Correct
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Question text
According to Erickson, the young adult faces a conflict between ________.
Select one:
a. isolation and intimacy
b. heterosexuality and homosexuality
c. autonomy and shame
d. wholeness and futility

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The correct answer is: isolation and intimacy

Question 19
Correct
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Question text
Parenting characteristics that indicate warm emotional involvement, reasonable demands and
explanations for enforced rules as well as allowances for the child to make decisions within their
developmental readiness are considered what form of parenting style?
Select one:
a. uninvolved
b. permissive
c. authoritarian
d. authoritative

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The correct answer is: authoritative

Question 20
Correct
Mark 1.00 out of 1.00

Question text
What type of descriptive research studies individual or small groups in-depth?
Select one:
a. case studies
b. naturalistic observation
c. experimental research
d. individualistic research

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The correct answer is: case studies