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# Given data

length of girder =
depth of girder =
minimum width of web
minimum depth of top flange=
number of ducts provided
area of strand
number of strands
area of each cable
area of all cables
diameter of each duct
area of each duct
area of all ducts combined
minimum depth of cgs from bottom
minimum depth of cgs from top
ultimate tensile stress of steel
Maximum permissible stress(0.8* ult)
modulus of elasticity of steel
initial prestressing force
final prestressing force after long time(F)
prestressing force after initial losses
short term modulus of elasticity of concrete
age of concrete at transfer
unit weight of concrete

40
2000
350
250
6
98.74
19
1876.06
11256.36
60
2827.4334
16964.6
250
250
2300
1840
195000
20711.702
14069.4
19047.64
50
35355.339
28
25

m
mm
mm
mm

750
300
375
1700
600
862500
851243.64
11256.36
5.5154329
62083.698
913327.34

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm2
mm2
mm2

mm2
mm2
mm2
mm
mm2
mm2
mm
mm
Mpa
Mpa
Mpa
KN
KN
KN
Mpa
days
KN/m3

Calculations
let top width of flange
depth of flange
width of the web
depth of web
eccentricity of cgs from the centreline of midspan
crossection area of girder
area of concrete
area of steel
modular ratio
eqiuvalent area of concrete
transformed area of concrete

losses
losses due to elastic shortening of concrete
loss due to relaxation of stress in steel

mm2
mm2

0 Mpa
90 Mpa

## loss due to shrinkage of concrete

loss of stress due shrinkage of concrete

0.0001354
26.402707 Mpa

## loss due to creep of concrete

creep coefficient
modular ratio
average stress in concrete at the level of steel
loss of stress in concrete due to creep of concrete

1.6
5.5154329
36.925647
325.85748 Mpa

## loss due to friction

coefficient of friction
cumulative angle
wobbling coefficient
loss of stress due to friction

0.35
0.072439
0.0015
99.083127

## loss due to anchorage slip

assume the prestressing done from both ends
let the slip be 5mm so total slip =
loss due to anchorage slip =
loss of stress due to anchorage slip
total loss of stress
loss of force
initial loss of stress
loss of force

10
0.00025
48.75
590.09332
6642.3028
147.83313
1664.0629

self weight of the girder
21.5625
( unit weight of concrete 25KN/m3, crossection area is the area of girder)
SIDL + IL ( 2 times the corresponding equivalent rectangle)
52.805292
74.367792
moment due to self weight(Mg)
4312.5
moment due to load after transfer(Mt)
14873.558
750
300

centroid =
moment of inertia =

mm
Mpa
Mpa
KN
Mpa
KN

kN/m
KN/m
KN/m
KNm
KNm

875.6097561
3.08246E+11

1700
350
for equivalent section moment carrying capacity of both the sections are same

## so section modulus of both the sections are same

I/y = bd2/6
assume the depth of both the sections to be same
so width of the eqivalent rectangular section is b= 6*I/(y*d*d)
so b=
528.0529
area of the rectangle
1056106
udl
26.40265
SIDL + IL
52.80529
eccentricity of cgs from centre line at ends
124.39024 mm
eccentricity of cgs from centre line at midspan
600 mm
depth of centroid at midspan
932.86043 mm
depth of cgs at end span
875.60976 mm
depth of cgs at mid span
1600 mm
eccentricity
724.39024 mm
slope at the ends
0.072439
cumulative angle at each end
0.072439
stress at midspan after loss due to friction
1740.9169
loss of stress
99.083127 Mpa
stress in concrete due to permanent loads(fc)=
(F1/At)+(F1*e^2/It)-(Msw/It)
Stress in concrete at any depth @ transfer (f) : (Fi/Ac)(Fi*e*y/In)-()(Msw*y/In)
Stress in concrete at any depth @ service (f) : (F/At)(F*e*y/It)-()(M*y/It)
S. No

x-coordinate
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25

0
1000
2000
3000
4000
5000
6000
7000
8000
9000
10000
11000
12000
13000
14000
15000
16000
17000
18000
19000
20000
21000
22000
23000
24000

Kt line
-571.626
-574.567
-576.861
-578.582
-579.8
-580.583
-580.996
-581.1
-580.953
-580.61
-580.121
-579.534
-578.891
-578.231
-577.589
-576.993
-576.471
-576.043
-575.726
-575.53
-575.465
-575.53
-575.726
-576.043
-576.471

a1 line
-571.626
-677.639
-777.721
-871.943
-960.376
-1043.09
-1120.15
-1191.61
-1257.53
-1317.98
-1372.99
-1422.62
-1466.9
-1505.89
-1539.6
-1568.08
-1591.34
-1609.41
-1622.31
-1630.04
-1632.62
-1630.04
-1622.31
-1609.41
-1591.34

Kb line
-1284.61
-1287.23
-1290.32
-1293.79
-1297.54
-1301.48
-1305.52
-1309.59
-1313.63
-1317.56
-1321.34
-1324.91
-1328.22
-1331.24
-1333.92
-1336.25
-1338.18
-1339.71
-1340.81
-1341.48
-1341.7
-1341.48
-1340.81
-1339.71
-1338.18

y-coordinate
a2 line
centre line cable profile
-1284.61
-1000 -875.609756
-1317.11
-1000 -946.237805
-1348.56
-1000
-1013.2439
-1378.85
-1000 -1076.62805
-1407.89
-1000 -1136.39024
-1435.58
-1000 -1192.53049
-1461.84
-1000 -1245.04878
-1486.61
-1000 -1293.94512
-1509.8
-1000 -1339.21951
-1531.36
-1000 -1380.87195
-1551.23
-1000 -1418.90244
-1569.36
-1000 -1453.31098
-1585.7
-1000 -1484.09756
-1600.21
-1000
-1511.2622
-1612.85
-1000 -1534.80488
-1623.61
-1000 -1554.72561
-1632.44
-1000 -1571.02439
-1639.33
-1000 -1583.70122
-1644.26
-1000
-1592.7561
-1647.23
-1000 -1598.18902
-1648.22
-1000
-1600
-1647.23
-1000 -1598.18902
-1644.26
-1000
-1592.7561
-1639.33
-1000 -1583.70122
-1632.44
-1000 -1571.02439

26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44

25000
26000
27000
28000
29000
30000
31000
32000
33000
34000
35000
36000
37000
38000
39000
40000

-576.993
-577.589
-578.231
-578.891
-579.534
-580.121
-580.61
-580.953
-581.1
-580.996
-580.583
-579.8
-578.582
-576.861
-574.567
-571.626

-1568.08
-1539.6
-1505.89
-1466.9
-1422.62
-1372.99
-1317.98
-1257.53
-1191.61
-1120.15
-1043.09
-960.376
-871.943
-777.721
-677.639
-571.626

-1336.25
-1333.92
-1331.24
-1328.22
-1324.91
-1321.34
-1317.56
-1313.63
-1309.59
-1305.52
-1301.48
-1297.54
-1293.79
-1290.32
-1287.23
-1284.61

-1623.61
-1612.85
-1600.21
-1585.7
-1569.36
-1551.23
-1531.36
-1509.8
-1486.61
-1461.84
-1435.58
-1407.89
-1378.85
-1348.56
-1317.11
-1284.61

## limiting tensile strength = 0.7* sqrt(fck)=

-1000
-1000
-1000
-1000
-1000
-1000
-1000
-1000
-1000
-1000
-1000
-1000
-1000
-1000
-1000
-1000

-1554.72561
-1534.80488
-1511.2622
-1484.09756
-1453.31098
-1418.90244
-1380.87195
-1339.21951
-1293.94512
-1245.04878
-1192.53049
-1136.39024
-1076.62805
-1013.2439
-946.237805
-875.609756

4.9497475

as the tensile stresses can go upto -4.94Mpa, this section can be considered for design
So the final dimensions of the Tsection are as follows:
width of flange=
750 mm
depth of flange
300 mm
thickness of the web
375 mm
depth of web
1700 mm

(assume)
(assume)

## ( assume all the strands tensioned at the same time)

( according to IS 1343)

(F1*e^2/It)-(Msw/It)

where F1 is the initial force, Fi is the force after initial losses, F is the force after all losses
In is the net moment of inertia of the section , It is the total moment of inertia of the section
Msw is the moment due to self weight, Mis the moment due to external load including selfweight

e
centroid(transformed)
-888.298694
-892.6434633
-896.765424
-900.6645759
-904.3409192
-907.7944538
-911.0251797
-914.033097
-916.8182055
-919.3805054
-921.7199965
-923.836679
-925.7305529
-927.401618
-928.8498744
-930.0753222
-931.0779613
-931.8577917
-932.4148134
-932.7490264
-932.8604307
-932.7490264
-932.4148134
-931.8577917
-931.0779613

-889.4017101
-887.9846475
-886.6402547
-885.3685319
-884.1694789
-883.0430958
-881.9893825
-881.0083392
-880.0999657
-879.2642621
-878.5012283
-877.8108645
-877.1931705
-876.6481464
-876.1757922
-875.7761079
-875.4490934
-875.1947489
-875.0130742
-874.9040693
-874.8677344
-874.9040693
-875.0130742
-875.1947489
-875.4490934

3.21533E+11
3.21696E+11
3.2234E+11
3.23388E+11
3.24767E+11
3.26407E+11
3.28244E+11
3.30218E+11
3.32272E+11
3.34353E+11
3.36414E+11
3.38411E+11
3.40305E+11
3.42059E+11
3.43643E+11
3.45029E+11
3.46194E+11
3.4712E+11
3.47791E+11
3.48199E+11
3.48335E+11
3.48199E+11
3.47791E+11
3.4712E+11
3.46194E+11

section) mm4

3.22E+11
3.21E+11
3.21E+11
3.21E+11
3.2E+11
3.2E+11
3.19E+11
3.19E+11
3.18E+11
3.17E+11
3.17E+11
3.16E+11
3.15E+11
3.15E+11
3.14E+11
3.14E+11
3.13E+11
3.13E+11
3.13E+11
3.13E+11
3.13E+11
3.13E+11
3.13E+11
3.13E+11
3.13E+11

-930.0753222
-928.8498744
-927.401618
-925.7305529
-923.836679
-921.7199965
-919.3805054
-916.8182055
-914.033097
-911.0251797
-907.7944538
-904.3409192
-900.6645759
-896.765424
-892.6434633
-888.298694

## on can be considered for design

-875.7761079
-876.1757922
-876.6481464
-877.1931705
-877.8108645
-878.5012283
-879.2642621
-880.0999657
-881.0083392
-881.9893825
-883.0430958
-884.1694789
-885.3685319
-886.6402547
-887.9846475
-889.4017101

3.45029E+11
3.43643E+11
3.42059E+11
3.40305E+11
3.38411E+11
3.36414E+11
3.34353E+11
3.32272E+11
3.30218E+11
3.28244E+11
3.26407E+11
3.24767E+11
3.23388E+11
3.2234E+11
3.21696E+11
3.21533E+11

3.14E+11
3.14E+11
3.15E+11
3.15E+11
3.16E+11
3.17E+11
3.17E+11
3.18E+11
3.19E+11
3.19E+11
3.2E+11
3.2E+11
3.21E+11
3.21E+11
3.21E+11
3.22E+11

750
centroid=

932.8604

300
moment of inertia =

1600
1700
375
area of steel

11256.36 mm2

area of ducts
remaining area

16964.6 mm2
5708.24 mm2

## ses, F is the force after all losses

tal moment of inertia of the section
due to external load including selfweight
moment of inertia ( net
section) mm4

stress in concrete
fc
22.68757
22.86213
23.54895
24.66026
26.11123
27.82167
29.7172
31.72996
33.79894
35.87002
37.89573
39.83495
41.65243
43.3183
44.8076
46.09976
47.17818
48.02983
48.64491
49.01663
49.14098
49.01663
48.64491
48.02983
47.17818

Msw
(kN-m)

M
(kN-m)

0
420.4688
819.375
1196.719
1552.5
1886.719
2199.375
2490.469
2760
3007.969
3234.375
3439.219
3622.5
3784.219
3924.375
4042.969
4140
4215.469
4269.375
4301.719
4312.5
4301.719
4269.375
4215.469
4140

0
1450.172
2825.976
4127.412
5354.481
6507.182
7585.515
8589.48
9519.077
10374.31
11155.17
11861.66
12493.79
13051.55
13534.94
13943.96
14278.62
14538.9
14724.82
14836.37
14873.56
14836.37
14724.82
14538.9
14278.62

at transfer
f top
21.64955
20.47271
17.98212
15.62711
13.40472
11.31293
9.35056
7.517098
5.812615
4.23764
2.793068
1.48006
0.299956
-0.74581
-1.65576
-2.42851
-3.06273
-3.55728
-3.91124
-4.1239
-4.19483
-4.1239
-3.91124
-3.55728
-3.06273

f bot
23.10295
24.27979
26.77038
29.12539
31.34778
33.43957
35.40194
37.2354
38.93988
40.51486
41.95943
43.27244
44.45254
45.4983
46.40826
47.181
47.81523
48.30978
48.66374
48.87639
48.94733
48.87639
48.66374
48.30978
47.81523

46.09976
44.8076
43.3183
41.65243
39.83495
37.89573
35.87002
33.79894
31.72996
29.7172
27.82167
26.11123
24.66026
23.54895
22.86213
22.68757
fc average

36.92565

4042.969
3924.375
3784.219
3622.5
3439.219
3234.375
3007.969
2760
2490.469
2199.375
1886.719
1552.5
1196.719
819.375
420.4688
0

13943.96
13534.94
13051.55
12493.79
11861.66
11155.17
10374.31
9519.077
8589.48
7585.515
6507.182
5354.481
4127.412
2825.976
1450.172
0

-2.42851
-1.65576
-0.74581
0.299956
1.48006
2.793068
4.23764
5.812615
7.517098
9.35056
11.31293
13.40472
15.62711
17.98212
20.47271
21.64955

47.181
46.40826
45.4983
44.45254
43.27244
41.95943
40.51486
38.93988
37.2354
35.40194
33.43957
31.34778
29.12539
26.77038
24.27979
23.10295

3.48335E+11

at service
f top
14.91134015
17.33618183
18.70737961
20.0047143
21.22346164
22.36058954
23.41450616
24.38480327
25.27200839
26.07735512
26.80257698
27.4497275
28.02102669
28.51873284
28.94503743
29.30198054
29.59138412
29.81480036
29.97347284
30.06830849
30.09985872
30.06830849
29.97347284
29.81480036
29.59138412

f bot
16.02181
13.0083
11.34129
9.789677
8.354624
7.035454
5.830024
4.735077
3.746574
2.859978
2.070503
1.373313
0.763693
0.237179
-0.21034
-0.58254
-0.88261
-1.1132
-1.27639
-1.37371
-1.40605
-1.37371
-1.27639
-1.1132
-0.88261

29.30198054
28.94503743
28.51873284
28.02102669
27.4497275
26.80257698
26.07735512
25.27200839
24.38480327
23.41450616
22.36058954
21.22346164
20.0047143
18.70737961
17.33618183
14.91134015

-0.58254
-0.21034
0.237179
0.763693
1.373313
2.070503
2.859978
3.746574
4.735077
5.830024
7.035454
8.354624
9.789677
11.34129
13.0083
16.02181