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Main clutch
Description
The main clutch is a wet multiplate unit with hydraulic control.
When the shuttle is in neutral, the main clutch is disengaged.
Clutch engagement is controlled by a pilot valve controlled by the shuttle and is automatic.
The driver can however maintain full control of the vehicle and modulate clutch engagement by using the clutch pedal and thus bypassing the
automatic system.

Fig. Main clutch components


Key to components
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.

Manifold
Pilot valve
Spring
Choke ( 0.7 mm) (0.0275 in.)
Drive shaft
Main clutch engagement piston
Friction plate
Drive plate
Hub
Driven shaft
Piston return spring

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Clutch control schematic

Fig. Clutch control schematic


Key to components
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Clutch pedal
Clutch control switch
Main clutch control valve
Solenoid-operated proportional valve for main clutch
Shuttle control unit
Main clutch manifold
Main clutch

Operation
When the engine is started

When the engine is switched off, the main clutch is disengaged by the action of the spring (1) as clutch pilot passage a is connected
with the drain port by the spool (2).

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Fig. Operating diagram

When the engine is started, the pump (3) sends oil under pressure to the solenoid operated proportional valve (4).
If the driver does not keep the clutch pedal depressed, the oil can flow through the solenoid valve (4) into passage b.
Chamber c is filled and the oil flows through passage d on the opposite side of the spool (2).
As neither forward or reverse drive has been selected, chamber e is closed and spool (2) is held in position by spring (5).

When drive is selected (without use of the clutch pedal).

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Fig. Operating diagram

When forward or reverse drive is selected, the ECU (6) energises the solenoid valve (7) that controls the shuttle unit (8). The
pressurised oil flows into chamber x of the shuttle unit and moves the piston (9), while the oil in the opposite chamber x1 is returned to
tank.
As a result of the shifting of piston (9), the passage connecting line f and the return circuit is opened so the oil in chamber e flows into
the return circuit and the pressure is reduced.
In chamber g the pressure remains unchanged and the force exerted overcomes the force of the spring (5) to move the spool (2)
upwards.
Chamber c is thus connected with passage a and the clutch is engaged.

When the driver presses the clutch pedal while the tractor is moving

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Fig. Operating diagram

When the clutch pedal is partially depressed, some of the oil from the pump (3) is discharged from the main clutch control valve (4).
As a result the pressure is reduced in passage b, in chamber c and in passage a, thereby giving engagement control.

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Fig. Operating diagram

If the driver fully depresses the clutch pedal, the pressurised oil in passage a is returned to tank.
As a result the pressure in chamber g is eliminated, the spool (2) is pushed downwards by the force of the spring (5) thereby making a
connection between passages a and h and disengaging the clutch.
T.J23.01.D0.01.00.00.01 - v1

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