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CHM 1120 EXAM II SECTIONS 004/005 03/19/14

Name:___Dr. Timothy M. Trygstad Answer Key_____

Score:__100__/ 100

(please write your NAME above AND on the last page of this exam!!!)
Be sure to show all of your work clearly (partial credit) and circle your final answers.
Dont forget to label your answers with the correct units when appropriate.
1. Which of the following reactions is correct for a strong acid, HA, in water? (3 pts.)
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

HA + H3O+ H2O + AHA + H2O H3O+ + AHA + H2O HO- + H2A


HA + H3O+ H2O + Anone of the above (HA + H2O H3O+ + A-)

2. Which of the following is not a strong base? (3 pts.)


a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

LiOH
Ba(OH)2
NaOH
Mg(OH)2
Ca(OH)2

3. The pH of an aqueous Ba(OH)2 solution is 12.85, what is the concentration of the Ba(OH)2 solution? (3 pts.)
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

1.41 x 10-13 M
0.0354 M
0.0708 M
0.1416 M
none of the above

4. What is the pOH of a solution with a [H3O+] of 5.88 x 10-9 M? (3 pts.)


a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

1.00
5.76
8.24
13.00
none of the above

5. Which of the following weak acids has the weakest conjugate base? (3 pts.)
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

HClO
HCO3H2AsO4HPO42HF

(Ka = 3.5 x 10-8)


(Ka = 4.8 x 10-11)
(Ka = 1.0 x 10-7)
(Ka = 4.8 x 10-13)
(Ka = 7.1 x 10-4)

6. Label each of the following salts as acidic, basic, or neutral. (2 pts. ea.)
NaCN basic

FeBr3 acidic

MgCl2 neutral

SPRING 2014, CHM 1120, SECTIONS 004/005, EXAM II, PAGE 1 of 8

LiH2PO4 acidic

Use the following information for questions 7, 8, and 9.


250 mL of 1.50 M Formic Acid (HCOOH)
Ka = 1.7 x 10-4

7. Calculate the [HCOOH], [HCOO-], [H3O+], and pH of this solution at equilibrium. (8 pts.)

I
C
E

HCOOH
1.5
-x
1.5 - x

H2O

H3 O+
0
+x
x

HCOO0
+x
x

[HCOOH]
[HCOO-]
[H3O+]
pH

1.484 M
0.015969 M
0.015969 M
1.797

8. What is the % ionization of the formic acid in this solution? (4 pts.)

9. What is the pH of this solution after the addition of 0.25 moles of NaHCOO (sodium formate)? (8 pts.)

I
C
E

HCOOH
1.5
-x
1.5 - x

H2 O

H 3 O+
0
+x
x

HCOO1.0
+x
1.0 + x

SPRING 2014, CHM 1120, SECTIONS 004/005, EXAM II, PAGE 2 of 8

Use the following information for questions 10, 11, and 12.
150 mL of 0.75 M Sulfurous Acid (H2SO3)
Ka1 = 1.3 x 10-2
Ka2 = 6.3 x 10-8
10. Calculate the [H2SO3], [HSO3-], [SO32-], [H3O+], and pH of this solution at equilibrium. (10 pts.)

I
C
E

I
C
E

HSO30.092455063
-x
0.092455063 - x

H2SO3
0.75
-x
0.75 - x

H2 O

H2O

SO320
+x
x

H3 O+
0
+x
x

HSO30
+x
x

[H2SO3]
[HSO3-]
[SO32-]
[H3O+]
pH

0.6575 M
0.092454937 M
6.3 x 10-8 M
0.092455063 M
1.034

H3 O+
0.092455063
+x
0.092455063 + x

11. Calculate the Kb of HSO3- and compare it to its Ka to determine if it is a stronger acid or base. (4 pts.)

12. If you added 200 mL of 0.5625 M NaOH to this sulfurous acid solution, which of the four titration stages
would you be at and describe how you would solve for the pH at this point in the titration? (5 pts.)

One would realize that you have equal moles of weak acid and strong base, thus, they would both be completely
consumed and you would produce and equivalent amount of the conjugate weak base (HSO3-). One would then
need to use and ice chart to assist in completing the equilibrium expression for the ionization of this newly
formed weak base in order to solve for the amount of either [H3O+] or [HO-] and then use the happy fun
wheel to convert either of those concentrations into pH.
SPRING 2014, CHM 1120, SECTIONS 004/005, EXAM II, PAGE 3 of 8

Use the following information for questions 13, 14, 15, and 16.
150 mL of 0.50 M PhCOOH/0.60 M PhCOONa
Ka of PhCOOH = 6.5 x 10-5

13. What is the pH of this buffer solution? (5 pts.)

14. Write out the reaction that occurs when HCl is added to this buffer solution. (3 pts.)

15. What is the pH of this buffer solution after the addition of 200 mL of 0.3 M HCl? (8 pts.)

16. What is the pH of this buffer solution after the addition of an additional 200 mL of 0.3 M HCl? (8 pts.)

SPRING 2014, CHM 1120, SECTIONS 004/005, EXAM II, PAGE 4 of 8

Use the following information for questions 17, 18, and 19.
Ksp of Ca3(PO4)2 (s) = 1.2 x 10-26
17. What is the molar solubility of Ca3(PO4)2? (4 pts.)

Ca3(PO4)2(s)
I
C
E

3 Ca2+(aq)
0
+ 3x
3x

2 PO43-(aq)
0
+ 2x
2x

18. What is the solubility of Ca3(PO4)2? (2 pts.)

19. 35.0 mL of 0.0025 M CaCO3 is added to 25.0 mL of 0.0005 M FePO4 solution.


Does Ca3(PO4)2 precipitate form? (8 pts.)

SPRING 2014, CHM 1120, SECTIONS 004/005, EXAM II, PAGE 5 of 8

SCRATCH PAPER

SPRING 2014, CHM 1120, SECTIONS 004/005, EXAM II, PAGE 6 of 8

SCRATCH PAPER

SPRING 2014, CHM 1120, SECTIONS 004/005, EXAM II, PAGE 7 of 8

Name:__Dr. Timothy M. Trygstad Answer Key__

CSS Box #:___S 3304__

SPRING 2014, CHM 1120, SECTIONS 004/005, EXAM II, PAGE 8 of 8