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Paul Jones

American Pageant Chapter 5

1. Jonathan Edwards
Jonathan Edwards (October 5, 1703 – March 22, 1758) was a preacher, theologian,
and missionary to Native Americans. Edwards "is widely acknowledged to be America's
most important and original philosophical theologian," and one of America's greatest
intellectuals. Edwards' theological work is very broad in scope, but he is often associated
with his defense of Reformed theology, the metaphysics of theological determinism, and
the Puritan heritage.
2. George Whitefield
George Whitefield, also known as George Whitfield, (December 16, 1714 -
September 30, 1770), was an Anglican itinerant minister who helped spread the Great
Awakening in Great Britain and, especially, in the British North American colonies. His
ministry had tremendous impact on American ideology.
3. John Peter Zenger
John Peter Zenger (October 26, 1697 – July 28, 1746) was a German-born American
printer, publisher, editor, and journalist in New York City.
4. Benjamin Franklin
Benjamin Franklin (January 17, 1706 – April 17, 1790) was one of the Founding
Fathers of the United States of America. A noted polymath, Franklin was a leading author
and printer, satirist, political theorist, politician, scientist, inventor, civic activist,
statesman, soldier, and diplomat. As a scientist, he was a major figure in the
Enlightenment and the history of physics for his discoveries and theories regarding
electricity. He invented the lightning rod, bifocals, the Franklin stove, a carriage
odometer, and the glass 'armonica'. He formed both the first public lending library in
America and first fire department in Pennsylvania. He was an early proponent of colonial
unity, and as a political writer and activist he supported the idea of an American nation.
As a diplomat during the American Revolution he secured the French alliance that helped
to make independence of the United States possible.
5. Andrew Hamilton
Andrew Hamilton (c. 1676 – August 4, 1741) was a Scottish lawyer in Colonial
America, best known for his legal victory on behalf of printer and newspaper publisher
John Peter Zenger. This 1735 decision helped to establish that truth is a defense to an
accusation of libel. His eloquent defense was concluded with the notion that the press has
"a liberty both of exposing and opposing tyrannical power by speaking and writing truth."
His success in this case has been said to have given rise to the expression "Philadelphia
lawyer", in the sense of a particularly adept and clever attorney, as in "It would take a
Philadelphia lawyer to get him off."
6. Triangular trade

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7. Great Awakening
The Great Awakenings were several periods of rapid and dramatic religious revival in
Anglo-American religious history, generally recognized as beginning in the 1730s. They
have also been described as periodic revolutions in colonial religious thought.
8. Taverns
A tavern or pot-house is, loosely, a place of business where people gather to drink
alcoholic beverages and, more than likely, also be served food, though not licensed to put
up guests. The word derives from the Latin taberna and the Greek ταβέρνα/taverna,
whose original meaning was a shed or workshop. The distinction of a tavern from an inn,
bar or pub varies by location, in some places being identical and in others being
distinguished by traditions or by legal license. In Renaissance England, a tavern was
distinguished from a public alehouse by dint of being run as a private enterprise, where
drinkers were "guests" rather than members of the public.
• 19th century
American taverns were primarily in business to serve the locals, and
secondarily to serve travelers. Alice Morse Earle describes the various Stagecoach
Inns and Taverns in her book Stagecoach and Tavern Days.