Anda di halaman 1dari 5

Name: Sabrina Sharmin

Wku ID:800920226
Prof. name: Melissa Joiner
Sub: Eng. 100
Effect on children: Nature v/s Technology
Children is an asset not only to parents but also a good resource for the future world.
Now whether children should play sports outdoor or spend their lesser time on computer can be a
very debatable issue. Positive of each side is plenty and so is negative. So in one way, the topic
can be ironical. Games and sports are not only important for success in studio but it is important
for success in every walks of our life. In the advanced countries of the present day also they are
a regular feature of the school and college curriculum. I think children should not all of their time
on computer rather they should be encouraged to spend their time on outdoor sports.
Numerous studies have demonstrated the positive effects of playing sport on academic
achievement, in large part because of the positive influence of identity formation and emotional
development. High school students who play sport are less likely to drop out Participation in
sport also has been associated with completing more years of education49 and consistently
higher grades in school. There is an association between school-based physical activity and
academic performance and found that the majority of the studies found positive associations.
According to Perry (2001), "playing outdoor game it reveals that, 'There is a growing body of
research focused on the association between school-based physical activity, including physical
education, and academic performance among school-aged youth suggesting that such activity
may have an impact on academic performance through a variety of direct and indirect
physiological, cognitive, emotional, and learning mechanisms (p. 5). Similarly, Frost (2014)
aimed at discovering whether sport participation can detract from academic performance found
that participation in interscholastic sport and other team or individual sport, as well as other
after-school physical activity programs, does not have a detrimental impact on students
academic performance. It shows that physical movement can affect the brains physiology by
increasing cerebral capillary growth, blood flow, oxygenation, production of neurotrophins,
growth of nerve cells in the hippocampus, neurotransmitter levels, development of nerve
connections, density of neural network, and brain tissue volume. These changes may be
associated with improved attention; improved information processing, storage, and retrieval;
enhanced coping; enhanced positive affect; and reduced sensations of cravings and pain. It
suggests that increased energy levels and time outside of the classroomboth byproducts of
playing sportmay give relief from boredom, resulting in higher attention levels during
classroom time. Research by the Canadian Fitness and Lifestyle Research Institute has shown
that physical exercise causes short-term relaxation, accompanied by improved concentration,
enhanced creativity and memory, improved mood, and enhanced problem-solving abilities.

There are many reasons kids should play outside, from expressing creativity to running freely to
making messes without worrying about dirtying the house. In addition to these fun reasons, there
are also many health benefits that make outdoor play great for children. The most prominent one
is how playing outdoor games can promote social skills in young people's life. Playing computer
games most of the time represents lack of social skill since children, at their learning age, deprive
from social contacts. Whereas by playing outdoor sports, they can go outside and have
unstructured play which promotes a wide range of skills. On a playground not everyone gets to
go down the slide first. Going to a playground with other kids is not just about running around
and being active, but it's also about learning social skills, executive functions and behavioral
skills.
Secondly, spending time outside playing is such a huge outlet for stress. It's relaxing; it is
healing. Spodeck (1998) reveals the multiple perspective of play in childhood education that
seeing green spaces can help decrease kids' stress levels. Growing up in a competitive world is
really tough for the kids with the peer pressure from academic and social life. In this time,
relaxation and entertainment become really indispensable. One of my cousin who is in the 3rd
grade have 3 private tutor apart from attending schools every day. As a result, he hardly have
time for relaxation. He got so robotic that his face conveys an exhausting look which, I am sure,
would have a bad impact in the future. So i consulted his parents and made them giving my
cousin some space where he can get entertainment spending time with his friends in the name of
sports. Honestly, the situation improved.
Another reason for playing outdoor sports would be how the children can easily get vitamin D.
Research shows that children are having Vitamin D deficiency just because of spending too
much time indoor. Lots of kids are suffering from vitamin D deficiencies. This vitamin has
several health benefits, including preventing kids from future bone problems, diabetes and even
heart disease. Vitamin D can be received by supplement, but you can also get it through its free
and natural version: sunlight. Have your kids play outside for a few minutes without sun screen
(which blocks cancer-causing rays, but also vitamin D). Then slather on the lotion. Of course, if
your child burns easily, use the sunscreen and increase the vitamin D-heavy foods and
supplements.
Fourthly, Physical and Psychological Benefits of Sport for Girls. As described above, sport
participation conveys myriad psychological, physiological, and sociological benefits. In recent
years, research has begun to explore the particular benefits of sport for girls and young women,
who are increasingly playing more sport at all levels. Studies are beginning to tease apart the
issues that contribute to girls electing to play, factors that keep them playing, and reasons for
their dropping out.
A 2007 study found that women who played sport in high school were 73 percent more likely to
earn a college degree within six years of graduating high school than those who did not play

sport. This advantage held up even for students facing socioeconomic challenges to graduating
college.
Playing sport also conveys other beneficial outcomes: Girls and young women engaged in sport
are less likely to be overweight or obese, depressed, smoke, use illicit drugs, or have unwanted
teen pregnancies. This may possibly be related to the goal of maximizing athletic performance or
the goal of protecting sport eligibility or scholarships.16 Suicide and sexual victimization also is
lower in girls and young women engaged in sport. Sports psychology research has shown that
girls gain confidence and self-esteem through participation in sport and physical activity. A
positive team sport experience may mediate the risks of low social acceptance and dissatisfaction
with ones body. Sport participation also may meet the developmental needs of adolescent girls,
including having a sense of belonging, a sense of mastery over ones body, the experience of
generosity, and the sensation of mattering. Life skills such as persistence, teamwork, goal setting,
leadership, and character development may transfer from sport to academics, family life, and the
work setting. Sport involvement, in addition to making college attendance more likely, correlates
with greater levels of overall extracurricular and community involvement. This is true for both
boys and girls. Peer and parental support also influence girls enjoyment and learning of sport.
Girls develop important social relationships through the physical activity of sport, both with their
teammates and with their adult physical activity leaders, but girls may suffer negative
psychological consequences if their developmental needs for feedback and encouragement are
not considered by instructors or coaches.
On the other hand, if your teenager spends a lot of time playing video or computer games, try to
find other things for him to do when he's at home. If he's creative or artistic, help him develop
that talent or ask for his help with a project. Let him redecorate his room. But try not to resort to
increasing his chores or responsibilities around the house; that's likely to make him feel like he's
being punished. In the alternative, consider helping your teen find things to do that will get him
out of the house. Again, if he's creative or artistic, enroll him in a class or two that will help
develop his particular talent. If he likes to play sports, sign him up for a league. Gunter (1998)
thinks, " You don't want to over-schedule him, but you do want to encourage him to develop
relationships offline. Because addiction, by definition, means that a person is unable to control
her behavior, your child will need you to set some clear boundaries around her gaming. Sit down
and talk to her. Be honest about your concerns and why you're setting rules. Ideally, you and
your child can agree on some rules. Getting there may be challenging, but your child will be
more likely to adhere to the rules if she feels she helped set them. Of course, setting rules won't
change addictive behaviors unless the rules are specific and enforceable. If you're limiting your
teenager's access to gaming, you have to limit his access to gaming equipment like computers,
too." This may take some creativity and could be inconvenient for the rest of the family; be sure
all family members will back you in your decision. But if your kid have already got the
addiction, its really tough to return him or her from that addiction. One of my friends younger
brother was very addictive for computer games. The addiction becomes so prominent that it had

profound effect of study and social life. He used to spend the whole day closing the door. Hence,
you may also want to consider getting professional help for your teenager. Someone who has
experience dealing with addiction could help your teen process the thoughts and feelings that
initially led to the addiction, as well as the emotions he has felt since admitting he needs help.
Thus, what your children should do is an important issue that should be addressed soon enough
before its too late. Making a balance of both indoor and outdoor games seem really ideal. But
one thing for sure, outdoor games have way too advantageous than spending behind a computer.

Reference
Hepp, Allyson. "5 Health Benefits of Playing Outside." Care.com. Web. 9 Nov.
2014.https://www.care.com/a/5-health-benefits-of-playing-outside-131104115840

Perry, Jane. "Outdoor Play." Google Books. Web. 10 Nov. 2014. Retrieved from:
http://books.google.com.bd/books?id=c6Xi10bYI6kC&pg=PA16&dq=playing+outdoor+games+
by+children,+scholarly&hl=en&sa=X&ei=Dy9iVL_OKtPIuASOrIHQBw&ved=0CEoQ6AEwC
Q#v=onepage&q=playing%20outdoor%20games%20by%20children%2C%20scholarly&f=false

Frost, Joe. "A History of Children's Play and Play Environments." Google Books. Web. 7 Nov.
2014. Retrieved from
http://books.google.com.bd/books?id=D8iNAgAAQBAJ&pg=PA230&dq=playing+outdoor+ga
mes+by+children,+scholarly&hl=en&sa=X&ei=Dy9iVL_OKtPIuASOrIHQBw&ved=0CCIQ6A
EwAQ#v=onepage&q=playing%20outdoor%20games%20by%20children%2C%20scholarly&f=
false

Spodek, Bernard. "Multiple Perspectives on Play in Early Childhood Education." Google Books.
Web. 8 Nov. 2014. Retrieved from
http://books.google.com.bd/books?id=AQoQvCeXRCcC&pg=PA206&dq=playing+outdoor+ga
mes+by+children,+scholarly&hl=en&sa=X&ei=Dy9iVL_OKtPIuASOrIHQBw&ved=0CDYQ6
AEwBQ#v=onepage&q=playing%20outdoor%20games%20by%20children%2C%20scholarly&
f=false

Gunter, Barrie. "The Effects of Video Games on Children." Google Books. Web. 7 Nov. 2014.