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A comprehensive guide with a step-by-step solution to overcome OCD (Waswaas).

you take too much time to do Wudu (Ablution), or suffer from
confusions/forgetfulness in Salah, or you feel you are impure all the time, or If you
have thoughts that you cant even mention in front of anyone, then this document
has an Islamic Solution for you. May Allah Help us overcome our weaknesses.


Diagnosing OCD


Characteristic Features of Obsessions and Compulsions


What causes OCD?


Why Me? Preventing OCD


Understanding Waswaas


Behavioral Therapies to overcome OCD


Islamic Solution for OCD


Fiqh Issues related to ibadaat and OCD



Disregarding any waswasah about breaking wudu


Wasting Water in wudu


Transgressing in Purification


Wasting Time


Skipping Obligatory and over-doing another task


Doubts/Uncertainty/Forgetfulness in Salah


Precaution or Waswasah?



Things to do

1. Diagnosing OCD
Essential features of OCD (Obsessive Compulsive Disorder) are the repeated
occurrence of obsessions and/or compulsions of sufficient severity that they are
time-consuming (> 1 hour per day) or cause marked distress or impairment [1]. In
simple language, few people get over taken by certain uncontrollable thoughts
(obsessions), which are at times accompanied by self-invented (compulsions)
rituals. When these obsessions and/or compulsions taken more than 1 hour per day,
then a person is said to be suffering from OCD (Obsessive Compulsive Disorder).
The most common OCD obsessions and compulsions are given below


Fear of Contamination (50%)

Washing/cleaning (50%)

Need for symmetry/precision

Symmetry/precision (28%)


Pathologic Doubt (42%)
Religious/Blasphemy (10%)

Checking (61%)

Approximately half to three-quarters of individuals with OCD have multiple



That is why they dont add up to 100 percent.

The most common obsessions found in Muslims are:

- Which Rakah of Salah is this?
- Doubt whether I performed Salah[5] correctly or not
- Fear of impurities when doing Wudu[6] and while performing Salah
- Doubts of passing wind, and nullification of Wudu
- Doubts regarding Wudu: whether it was performed correctly or not
- Blasphemous thoughts
- Constant feeling that my clothes are unclean
These obsessions lead to certain compulsions:
- Doing Sajda e Sahw in every Salah
- Re-performing Salah

- Performing Wudu several times

- Taking a lot of time in doing Wudu
- Spending too much time in all purification/washing activities e.g. washing hands
after meal

2. Characteristic Features of Obsessions and Compulsions

Defining features of Obsessions


i- Intrusive quality: The thought, image, or impulse repeatedly enters consciousness

in an unintended manner; that is, it occurs against ones will. A subjective feeling of
compulsion is associated with the thought.
ii- Unacceptability: The negative effect associated with the intrusion may vary from
an annoyance to unpleasantness or distress to strong fear or anxiety.
iii- Subjective Resistance: There is a strong urge to resist, suppress, dismiss, or
prevent the obsession from entering consciousness, either through avoidance,
cognitive control strategies, or overt compulsive rituals.
iv- Uncontrollability: There is a subjective sense of diminished control over the
Various types of overt/covert neutralization techniques (i.e. compulsions) adopted
by an OCD patient are:
i. Compulsive rituals e.g. Repeated Washing
ii. Compulsive Urges e.g. Checking whether the door is locked or not
iii. Neutralization e.g. Responding to a negative thought by a positive replacement
iv. Reassurance Seeking e.g. reconfirming information again and again.
v. Avoidance e.g. avoiding foods, numbers, people etc.

3. What causes OCD?

Modern day psychology, as it has humanistic basis, doesnt acknowledge extradimensional influences on our life. It has failed to understand what causes OCD.
Psychology, as it exists, can tell you the changes in the affected persons

brain/neurology when he is affected with a disorder, but its not possible for it to tell
you how it all started.
There is a contradiction in the details of OCD as understood by main stream
psychologists. On one hand they say that "The individual senses that the content of
obsessions is alien, not within his/her own control and not the kind of thought that
he/she would ever expect to have."


On the other side they also say that "the

individual is able to recognize these obsessions as the product of his/her own

mind"[9]. The question arises "how can a person be able to create thoughts that
he/she does not even expect to be his/her thought?"
To understand the true nature of OCD, one needs to understand what actually
obsessions are.
From an Islamic perspective, these unwanted thoughts are
called waswaas[10]/wasaawis ( plural ofwaswasah ) , which are whispered
into the minds and hearts of people by Shaitaan /satan/devil.
Allah says in the Quran, describing the devil (Shaitaan):

And deceive among them those whom you can with your voice. Verily! On
my true servants, you would have no authority. Sufficient is your Lord as a
guardian [11]

These whispers of Shaitaan play a significant role in developing many

Mental/Psychological diseases and disorders. And we are ordered to seek refuge with
Allah from this enemy that is invisible to us:

Say I seek refuge with (Allah) the Lord of mankind, The King of mankind,
(and) The God of mankind. From the evil of the whisperer who withdraws,
who whispers in the breasts of mankind, of jinn and men [12]

So, it appears to us that these are our own thoughts but, actually it is the devil
(Shaitaan) who is whispering /injecting these thoughts into us, and fools us that
these are our own thoughts.

4. Why Me? Preventing OCD

Science presents lots of reasons for OCD that are physiological, genetic and
psychological. Some researches propose that brain's physiology can be changed by
thoughts, and this is the window from where psychotherapies intervene to address

the problem, we will see cognitive therapy's point of view regarding reasons for OCD
and its treatment because cognitive and behavior therapies work best in OCD.
Cognitive therapy says that most people have intrusive or uninvited thoughts similar
to those reported by people with OCD. But why some people develop OCD and
others do not? The answer is that most people may be able to shrug off such
thoughts and others who develop OCD are unable to do so.
There are few characteristic differences between normal thoughts and abnormal
obsessions. At first it depends on your reaction to it, and if you fall prey to the
obsessive thoughts, then they tend to overcome you and their effect on you is also
one of the distinguishing factor


Normal Thoughts

Abnormal Obsessions

Less frequent

More frequent

Less unacceptable/distressing

More unacceptable/distressing

Some perceived control

Diminished perceived control

Considered meaningless,

Considered highly meaningful,

irrelevant to the self

threatening important core value

of the self

Less emphasis on neutralizing

Strong focus on neutralizing


distresses associated with the


Less interference in daily living

Significant interference in daily


Islam tells us that all of us have a Shaitaan (Satan, evil Jinn, Qareen) attached with
us, and it is able to send us fake thoughts, making us feel that they are our own
thoughts, or sometimes people exaggerate satanic thoughts (whispers, waswaas) to
such an extent that the start deeming them to be holy (i.e. from the inner
self, ruh ). So, if Muslims (or even Christians and Jews) believe in satanic
thoughts then why do they suffer from them? There are two types of people who fall
prey to satanic thoughts (whispers, waswaas) to such an extent that it becomes an
i. For some people it becomes very difficult to repel satanic thoughts as useless,
because they tend to remain confused on the source of such thoughts. They jumble
up satanic intrusions with thoughts from ones self (mind), and from ones inner self
(ruh, spirit).

ii. Others tend to be totally heedless of the severity of satanic intrusions (waswaas),
and every thought that comes with a certain level of strength they tend to label it as
their own. And there might be some who dont really believe in satanic intrusions.
So, for one reason or the other, when one starts to dwell in satanic whispers he may
develop this disorder and those who overcome Satan will not develop it. And, the
enemy is invisible so there is a documented/specific way of fighting it.
- One needs to be aware of the tactics of the Shaitaan and its powers and limitations
- One needs to know the characteristics of waswaas of Shaitaan
- One needs to be aware of his own powers and limitations
Cognitive theory also suggests that as long as people interpret intrusive thoughts as
'catastrophic', and as long as they continue to believe that such thinking holds truth,
they will continue to be distressed and will practice avoidance and/or ritual


Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "Allah Most High has forgiven
the wasaawis(satanic whispers/intrusions) that arise in the hearts of the
people of my nation until one acts upon them or talks about them" [15]

It is because when we ignore them, don't talk about them or do not act on them, so,
they can't harm us in any way, if Allah wills.
The above mentioned is a must-know to prevent ones self from being a victim
of waswaas. But, what if, one has already dwelled satanic thoughts to an extent that
he is obsessed with them, and the self-invented rituals (compulsions) are taking a
notable time away from his daily life?
Waswaas, as mentioned above, is a phenomenon that happens with all of us, but
some of us dwell in them so much, that their frequency and the actions that they
drive the person into makes him a patient. And there is a solution for every

Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) said: Allah has not sent down any
disease but He has also sent down its cure. Those who know it, know it, and
those who do not know it, do not know it. [16]

Once youve become a patient, you need to carefully measure your actions and
follow some steps to get rid of them.

5. Understanding Waswaas
i. Who is Shaitaan: There is an evil Jinn attached with all of us which is known as
theShaitaan/devil/satan/qareen. A Human Self/Nafs is composed of the physical
body and the metaphysical spirit/ruh. And in addition to that we all have four
angels [17] and one Shaitaan attached with all of us.

Allahs Messenger (Peace be upon him) said: There is no one who does not
have a companion from among the jinn and a companion from among the
angels. They said: Even you, O Messenger of Allah? He said: Even me, but
Allah helped me with him and he became Muslim (or/and I am safe from
him), so he only enjoins me to do that which is good. [18]

In another hadith, Allahs Messenger says:

The Shaitaan flows through man like blood.[19]

ii. Shaitaan is our enemy and wishes to put us on the path that leads to hell-fire,
and he must be recognized and treated as an enemy. And we can best defeat an
enemy when we know how it works.
Surely the Shaitaan is your enemy, so take him for an enemy; he only invites his
party that they may be inmates of the burning.


iii. The Shaitaan cannot force us physically to do any act. It is only limited to
whispers. It cannot force us to commit sins; it can only incite us to it.

Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas (May Allah be pleased with him): A man came to the
Prophet (Peace be upon him) and said: Apostle of Allah! One of us has thoughts
of such nature that he would rather be reduced to charcoal than speak
about them. He said: Allah is Most Great, Allah is Greatest, Allah is Most
Greatest. Praise be to Allah Who has reduced the guile of the devil to evil

prompting. Ibn Qudamah said "reduced his matter" instead of "reduced his
guile". [21]

iv. The more we fall into Satans traps the easier it gets for it to strike us again.
Hence, Shaitaan has power only over those who follow the whispers, those who
ignore the whispers; Shaitaan has no power over them. Allah says in the Holy

Surely he has no authority over those who believe and rely on their Lord.
His authority is only over those who befriend him and those who associate
others with Him. [22]

v. Hence, it whispers into our hearts/minds to confuse us on our beliefs (aqaaid),

and to incite us to bad acts (munkar) and to confuse us in the matters of worship

vi. Shaitaan is very cunning and can lead as astray with seemingly religious
thoughts like:
o I need to perform Wudu again
o Allah is very kind, hell forgive me

vii. Exaggeration in the matters of religion is also from Shaitaan. The best and
complete path is the path of Allahs Messenger and his rightly guided companions. If
you are more cautious than the Sahabah in any matter of religion, than you are
over-cautious. And if you over-stress a particular part of Islam you are bound to
ignore other parts. So, if Shaitaan cannot involve ones self in disobedience of Allah,
he promotes exaggerations and bidaat.
Sufyan ath-Thawri said, Bidah is dearer to Shaitaan than sin, for, one may
repent from sin, but not from bidah.

viii. Shaitaan has a certain degree of influence on our dreams and can insert fear
into our mind and reduce our productivity as a Muslim using horror dreams.
Narrated Abu Qatada: The Prophet said, "A good dream is from Allah, and a bad
dream is from Satan. So whoever has seen (in a dream) something he
dislike, then he should spit without saliva, thrice on his left and seek refuge
with Allah from Satan, for it will not harm him, and Satan cannot appear in
my shape ." [24]

ix. Shaitaan becomes really active when we pray and there are specific evil
Jinns/ shayateen whose purpose is to confuse a person when he/she is busy in
worship (ibadaat).

One of the Sahabah (companions) complained to the Messenger of Allah (Peace be

upon him) about waswaas during prayer, and he said: The Shaitaan comes between
me and my prayers and my recitation, confusing me therein. The Messenger of
Allah (Peace be upon him) said: That is a devil called Khanzab. If he
affects you seek refuge in Allah from him and spit drily to your left three
times. He [the Sahabi] said, I did that and Allah took him away from
me. [25]

The characteristic features of these waswaas involve exaggerated fear,
confusion or hope. Allah gives us an example in the Holy Quran:
Shaitaan threatens you with poverty and enjoins you to be niggardly


xi. Waswaas were experienced by even the best of men i.e. the Sahabah.

Some of the companions of the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) came to the
Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and said to him, We find in
ourselves thoughts that are too terrible to speak of. He said, Are you really
having such thoughts? They said, Yes. He said, That is a clear sign of
faith. [27]

xii. Any astray feeling that comes as a suggestion of ones physical self (Nafs e
Ammarah) will also be treated as a waswasah. For instance, lusty feelings can be a
suggestion of ones perverted self. Allah says in the Quran:

And certainly We created man, and We know what his mind suggests to
him, and We are nearer to him than his life-vein. [28]

xiii. Other evil human beings might intentionally or unintentionally be on the same
mission as the Shaitaan. And there words might in actual be waswaas, that distract
us from the straight path. That is why the last Ayah[29] of Quran mentions Humans
and Jinns as those who whisper evil thoughts into ones mind. Allah says in another
Ayah of Quran :

And thus did We make for every prophet an enemy, the Shaitaans from
among men and jinn, some of them suggesting to others varnished
falsehood to deceive (them), and had your Lord pleased they would not
have done it, therefore leave them and that which they forge.[30]

xiv. Humans have been given the ability to defeat the Shaitaan, it is
the Shaitaan who makes us doubt our abilities. Ibn e Kathir quotes a narration that
Allahs Messenger said:

The believer can seize the forelock of his Shaitaan as one of you seizes the
forelock of his camel whilst traveling [31]

Imam Ibn Katheer explained, What is meant by seizing his forelock is defeating him
and overwhelming him, as one does with a camel when it runs away, then you seize
it and overpower it.


And that is why Allahs Messenger told Umar (May Allah be pleased with him)
various times that Shaitaan is afraid of him.

xv. Last, but not the least, Shaitaan never tires, and if Shaitaan cannot directly
convince anyone for a major sin, it starts inciting him to minor sins and makes him
see those as harmless. That is why Allah says in the Quran:

O you who believe! Enter into submission one and all and do not follow the
footsteps of Shaitaan; surely he is your open enemy. [33]

The above discussion tells us that negative thoughts (waswaas) can be result of:
i- Satanic Intrusions
ii- Negative suggestions of other Human beings
iii- Negative suggestions of Nafs ul Ammarah
No benefit is earned out of discussing the minute differences in the characteristics of
the above mentioned, because the main difference lies in their origin/source and
they produce almost the safe effect.
The important discussion is how to differentiate between Waswaas and calls/positive
suggestion of Ruh (spirit, true self). The above mentioned features of satanic
intrusions, if kept in mind, should be enough. Ibn al-Qayyim has given few points to
differentiate between them, and the summary is that it depends on the out-come or
the direction of the thought. He says:
[i] The thought which is in line with the will of Allah, and the guidance brought by
the Prophets, that is from the ruh, and what is against the commands of Allah is
from the Shaitaan.
[ii]The outcome of which is inclination towards Allah, and concern and remembrance
of Allah is from ruh, and its opposite is from Shaitaan.


6. Behavioral Therapies to overcome OCD

The commonly in-use Behavioral therapies for OCD are:
1- Exposure and Response Therapy (ERP)
The patient is Constantly Exposed to Obsessions and Prevented from carrying out
2- Paradoxical Intention
Exposure to situations that generate obsessions and the patient is made to
intentionally dwell on the obsession and elaborate it until he can himself judge the
validity of the obsession.

3- Habituation (Satiation) Training

It involves holding onto obsession for a certain period of time, so that he doesnt feel
the need to go on to obsessions anymore.
4- Thought Stopping
Verbalizing thoughts and stopping them again and again. A patient is made to dwell
in the obsessions and then it is said to him STOP, and he comes back, and that is
repeated again and again, until the patient himself automatically learns to STOP the

7. Islamic Solution for OCD

These behavioral therapies give us certain techniques to cope with OCD. After a
careful analysis of these behavioral therapies and Islamic injunctions on the
whispers of Shaitaan and other related physical and meta physical processes, a list
of Dos and Donts has been compiled.
- First step, of-course is to develop an understanding of the mechanics
of waswaas and how Shaitaan works.
- Second step, is to aware ones self of fiqh (jurisprudence) issues related with
impurity, doubts etc., so that one doesnt go to extremes in ignorance.
- Then there is a list of Dos and Donts in the end which will help one safe-guard
from the evils of Shaitaanand undo the harmful changes in ones life because of
dwelling in satanic intrusions.

8. Fiqh Issues related to ibada-at and OCD

Sometimes we start following some Islamic teachings so strictly and extremely that
it becomes a burden for us, and the very source of spiritual health starts becoming a
problem for us. We can only succeed against our enemy if we know its tricks. Satan
is the biggest enemy of ours and one of the greatest trials too. No fitnah(trial) that
we encounter today, but we had been warned of it before by Allahs Messenger
(Peace be upon him). A very old trick of Satan is to put us into doubts regarding
our Salah and Wudu. This is something that even the Sahaba faced. As the time
progresses we are getting weaker and our enemy is getting more intelligent.
If suddenly your mind clicked and reminded of you the times when you over-do
your wudu and get confused inSalah and suddenly you shook it off thinking: 'I have
a genuine problem'. Beware! This might be in itself awaswasah too. So, the main

question that arises is how to be certain whether it's a waswasah or a 'real' problem.
The answer is simple: if you can't swear by Allah that you have a medical problem
that breaks yourwudu often or you have some physiological problem that disturbs
you during Salah, then you are in doubt. And this doubt is in itself a certainty that
you are a victim of waswaas from your cunning enemy.
Satan tends to be pretty inventive and creative, and Muslims around the globe suffer
from different flavors of obsessions related to wudu and Salah which lead to a
variety to ritualistic actions that are driven by invisible satanic thoughts. Some
commonly faced wudu and Salah related OCD problems are:
8.1. Disregarding any waswasah about breaking wudu
Repeating Wudu again and again due to doubts is the result of falling into satanic
whispers. It is action driven by a negative thought. Wudu does not break on mere
doubts and this rule is very clear from the Ahaadith of the Prophet (Peace be upon

Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Prophet Muhammad
said, "If one of you finds a disturbance in his abdomen and is not certain if
he has released any gas or not, he should not leave the mosque unless he
hears its sound or smells its scent." [35]
'Abbad ibn Tameem related that his uncle queried the Prophet about a person who
feels something in his abdomen while praying. Said the Prophet, "He should not
leave (the prayer) until he hears it or smells it." [36]

Ibn al-Mubarak said, "If one is uncertain about his condition of purity, he does not
need to perform a newWudu."
Imam al-Nawawi said: 'This Hadith establishes a rule to decide authenticity of
matters depending on their bases as well as to state that accidental doubts make no
In the same way, if one doubts about making Hadath (impurity) while
performing Wudu, he should not take such doubts into consideration, especially if
one usually undergoes doubts. This is the best way to stop doubts.
Thus, it becomes clear that if one doubts about breaking wind or not after
performing Wudu, he should not repeat Wudu unless he is sure he has broken
his Wudu by a sound, smell or feeling of passing wind or something like that.

What is Certainty?
The Scholars have written that one should be able to take an oath by Allah to say
that one's Wudu is broken, for the Wudu to be regarded as broken. If one is unable
to take such an oath, one's Wudu will be deemed to be unbroken and hence, valid.
Clarification: Even when you are sure and can swear by Allah that you did pass
wind, Istinjaa (washing private parts) is not required and ablution would suffice.
From the above the objective of Shariah is clear that one shouldnt be lethargic to
the extent that even when he knows that he doesnt have wudu he assumes the
opposite, and one shouldnt be extremist and follow the doubts when he isnt really
sure. So, repeating your wudu on doubts (whether severe or slight) is in itself a
disobedience to the hukm (order) of Prophet Muhammad and not an act of piety like
Satan makes you feel. Imposing on your-self too-much strictness in a matter of
religion which has been kept flexible by Prophet Muhammad means taking-away
importance from some other matter. So, Prophet Muhammad closed the door of this
innovation of repeating wudu on doubts and clarified that wudu is rendered as
nullified only when there is certainty of that.

A desert Arab came to Allah's Apostle (Peace be upon him) and asked him about
wudu. He demonstrated (washing each part of his body) thrice, and then said: That
is (the method of) ablution. And he who does more than this has done
wrong, transgressed the limit and has oppressed (himself). [37]

If the amount of water that the Allahs Messenger used for wudu is not even
sufficient for your hand washing, there is some problem with you!
8.2. Wasting Water in Wudu
When one starts following the doubts that Shaitaan creates in one's mind, one gets
into a lot of other sins including wasting water by performing Wudu again and
again, by taking bath time and again with an extended period under the shower
owing to extreme care, and by washing one's clothes on mere doubts of impurity

It has been narrated on the authority of Abdullah bin 'Umar (May Allah be pleased
with them both), that the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him) passed by Sa'ad (May
Allah be pleased with him) he was performing wudu. He said: What wastage is

this? Sa'ad said: Is there wastage in wudu also? The Holy Prophet (Peace
be upon him) said: Yes, even if you are at a flowing river. [38]

Allah says in the Holy Quran:

".And eat and drink and be not extravagant; surely He does not love the
"and do not act extravagantly; surely He does not love the


Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) said, "The Prophet (peace and blessings
be upon him) used to perform ghusl (ritual bathing) with a sa` (around 4
mudds) of water, and he used to make wudu' with one mudd of water".


`Ubaydullah ibn Abu Yazid narrated that a man asked Ibn `Abbas (May Allah be
pleased with him),"How much water is sufficient for wudu'?" He answered,
"One mudd." The man asked, "And how much is sufficient for ghusl?" Ibn
`Abbas said, "One sa`." The man said, "That is not sufficient for me." Ibn
`Abbas said, "No! It was sufficient for someone better than you, the
Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) ". [42]

What is Mudd: Mudd is as much water one can carry in their two hands joined
together. Others define it to be 600 grams.
What is Sa': One Sa' is approximately 4 Mudd (about 2.5 kilograms).
Al-Bukhari said, "Scholars do not approve of using water beyond what the Prophet
would use for wudu'."
Imam Ahmed bin Hanbal said, A Knowledgeable person should use only a small
quantity of water
Muhammad ibn Ajlan said, Adequate knowledge of Deen of Allah is knowing how to
perform Wudu properly, using little water
Prophet Muhammad used water very carefully, yet he was the most pure. If we use
more water than him, and repeat the actions of wudu more than him than we are
going against his sunnah. So, one has to be careful about using the least possible
amount of water for wudu. Otherwise we might be over-doing when it comes to
physical purity and in actual making our inner-self (baatin) impure by listening
to waswaas of Shaitaan.

8.3. Transgressing in Purification

Being over conscious about purity and cleanliness is also against Islam. Islam being
the "mid-way" does not guide us to any extreme. It is true that Islam declares
"cleanliness" as half of "faith" but it does not allow anyone to get into cleanliness
issues so much that other aspects of deen (religion) are forgotten.

`Abdullah ibn Mughffal (May Allah be pleased with him) narrated that he heard the
Prophet (Peace be upon him) saying, "There will be people from my nation who
will transgress in making supplications and in purifying themselves" [43]
Narrated Abu Huraira (May Allah be pleased with him): The Prophet (Peace be upon
him) said,"Religion is very easy and whoever overburdens himself in his
religion will not be able to continue in that way. So you should not be
extremists, but try to be near to perfection and receive the good tidings
that you will be rewarded; and gain strength by worshipping in the
mornings, the nights."[44]

Maalik (may Allah have mercy on him) narrated that his shaykh al-Rabee who was
the imam of the people of his time was the fastest of the people in relieving
himself and doing wudoo.
Many people feel they get unclean on their way to the mosque.
A women from the tribe of Abd al-Ashhal said to Allahs Messenger,O Messenger
of Allah! I walk through a dirty place on my way to the mosque; what
should I do? He said: Is there not a clean place for you after that dirty
one? She replied, Yes. He then said, What comes after it would clean


Abdullah ibn Masud said, We did not perform ablution after treading over


Abu Ash Shata said: Ibn Umar used to walk bare footed in Mina through areas
covered in dirty blood, then he would enter the Mosque and perform Salah without
washing his feet [47]
It is recorded in several narrations that Ali ibn ali-Taalib used to walk bare-footed
towards the mosque.
Tip: In order to avoid any waswasah sprinkle water over your clothing after relieving
yourself, so that in case you doubt later on, you say this is the water I sprinkled.

8.4. Wasting Time

Abdullah Ibn Mas'ud (May Allah be pleased with him) reported that Allah's
Messenger (Peace be upon him) said, "The feet of the son of Adam will not
move away from his Lord on the Day of Resurrection till he is asked about
five things about his life, how he spent it; about his youth, how he passed
it; about his wealth, how he earned it; and on what he poured it; and what
he did with that which he learnt." [48]

Half an hour for every Salah (common for OCD patients) and few more times here
and there makes it around 3 hours/day in the washroom. When you are asked on
the Day of Judgment: Where did you spend your age?[49] 3 hours/day makes it
1100 hours/year approximately. Meaning a person living 60 years spends almost 8
years in the washroom. Are you ready to reply Allah that I used to spend 1/8th of
my day in the washroom and hence I spent 8 or so years of my life in washroom?
8.5. Skipping Obligatory and over-doing another task
If one remakes Wudu many times and takes a lot of time and resources in
"purification", it is certain that one will miss Salaht-ul Jama'ah,
the Khutba of Jumuah and he will delay Salah. He will not only lose great rewards
like praying in first row, with first takbeer, rather because of his doubts he would
start leaving obligatory tasks.
8.6. Doubts/Uncertainty/Forgetfulness in Salah
Some people get so many doubts (waswaas) in Salah that they start doing Sajda-eSahw (the prostration for mistake) at the end of every Salah. Fuqaha (jurists) divide
the parts of prayer into pillars (Arkaan), obligatory (Wajibaat) and Sunnah (Sunan).
According to Hanbali Jurists the pillars are arkaan are fourteen, the wajibaatare
eight and the sunan are numerous. The details can be found in any book
of Fiqh[50]. Sajda-e-Sahw is done when we make some mistake (addition or
omission) in any essential act (rukn or wajib) of Salah or when we are in doubt.
i- When you are sure that you have missed a rukn (pillar) you must carry out
that rukn and do Sajda e Sahwat the end.
ii- When you are in doubt regarding any pillar you act according to what your mind
is more inclined to and perform Sajda e Sahw at the end.

iii- If you miss any or you are in doubt regarding any Wajib, it can be compensated
by doing Sajda e Sahw in the end, and you dont necessarily need to carry out the
missed act even if you are sure that you missed it.
iv- If you miss any Sunan, it is not a must to carry out Sajda e Sahw.
v- If one forgets to do an obligatory Sajda e Sahw then he should carry it out when
he/she remembers it. But if a long time has passed then he doesnt need to do
anything and the prayer is valid [51].
People suffering from Waswaas get many doubts during Salah:
- Which Rakah is this?
Follow what you think is more likely and do Sajda-e-Sahw
decide the more likely, then follow the safer approach



in the end. If you cant

and do Sajda e Sahw in

the end.

Allahs Messenger said , If any of you doubts during his prayer then he
should try to discern the more certain and correct case, then complete the
prayer based upon it, then perform tasleem, followed by two
In another hadith narrated from Abu Saeed al-Khudri, Allahs Messenger said , "If
any of you doubts during his prayer and he does not know how many
[rakaaat] he has prayed, whether it is three or four, then he should discard
and cast away his doubt. He is to continue upon what one is sure of [i.e. the
lesser] then perform two prostrations before making tasleem. If he ends up
[in reality] praying five [rakaaat], then his prayer will be an intercession
for him; and if he ends up completely the [requisite] four [rakaaat] then it
is targheeman for Shaitaan." [55]

An-Nawawi says : targheeman: i.e., a way of annoying Satan and humiliating and
embarrassing him, as well as rejecting him as a result of his failure to achieve his
desire of disturbing the worshipper.[56]
- Mind wandering away?
Mind wandering away in Salah is very common, and it even happened at the time
of Sahaba, and Allahs Messenger told us of a Specific Shaitaan who does that and
asked us to seek refuge from it and spit to ward off the Shaitaan. Allahs Messenger
did not mention Sajda e Sahw in this case, so one should not make it a habit to

do Sajda e Sahw at the end of every Salah considering that his mind did wander
away to some extent.

Allahs Messenger said, A person may be distracted whilst praying so only

one-half of it, or one-quarter, or one-tenth or less, is recorded for him[57]

One important thing for those suffering from waswaas to know is: You are not
suffering from any memory-loss rather its a reduced confidence in ones


Shaitaan is attacking your meta-memory and it cant really change your

physical memory directly. So, you must remember that when you suffer from
forgetfulness in Salah, those might be natural if they happen rarely, considering that
they happened some times in the life of the best (Allahs Messenger) as well. But, if
that happens very often then you are person who is doubting a lot and is affected
by waswaas; and reading the ahaadith on the subject one realizes that one of the
main objective of those rulings is to humiliate the Shaitaan by being un-bothered by
those doubts and giving him a hard reply by your actions: Your waswaas are of no
use, Shariah has a very simple solution to it. And dont let Shaitaan get happy by
confusing you to an extent that you have to break or re-do your Salah. RedoingSalah is not amongst the Sunnah of the Salaf (the best three generations),
hence one should try and perform his Salah in the best possible way in the first
attempt, and one shouldnt keep on redoing a single Salah.
Fuqaha have differentiated between the normal rulings and rulings for the person
who doubts a lot (Katheer ush Shak). And Fuqaha have said that such a person
should not pay any attention to such doubts and should not even perform Sajda e
Sahw to get rid of Shaitaan [59], until he gets normal. So, if you are in a habit of
doing Sajda e Sahw very frequently you must know that the Shariah demands that
you build confidence in yourself and repel the Shaitaan and stop showing any signs
of confusion in Salah. Furthermore, it is equally essential that you remember that
Allah knows the condition of your heart, and you remain contented and hopeful that
he will accept your Salah.
8.7. Precaution or Waswasah?
What an OCD person labels as precaution is in actual a waswasah.
- Precaution is to follow the Sunnah in the best possible way and to avoid any
negligence and exaggeration in following the Sunnah.
- Waswasah is that a person exaggerates beyond the practice of Allahs Messenger
and his companions, deeming it to be a part of religion or a necessary precaution

for himself. E.g. Cleaning parts of body more than thrice in wudu, using excessive
water in wudu or ghusl.
Ibn al-Qayyim says, There are thousands of things which the people afflicted
with waswaas take as a part of religion, cloaked in precaution, whereas,
precaution is to be exercised in following the sunnah


8.8. Conclusion
The Prophet (Peace be upon him) said: "The (whole) earth has been made a
mosque (or a place of prayer) and a means of purification for me, so
wherever a man of my ummah may be when the time for prayer comes, let
him pray." [61]
So, this hadith clarifies that matters of Salah and purification were made easy for
this Ummah, and he who inflicts himself with troubles and extremes that are not
from Allah, will be judged with added strictness too. So, what Allah has made easy,
let it be easy.
We are wrong, when we try to be flaw-less in our ibadaat. We do, and will continue
to make mistakes. NoSalah of ours is perfect enough to be presentable to Allah.
No Wudu of ours is complete enough to be shown to Allah. Ibadaat are not a
transaction with Allah, but it is a request for the mercy of Allah and Allah has himself
told you: "Allah wants ease for you, and does not want difficulty"[62]. Why do
we recite thrice immediately after Salah? This is a confession, an
admission that we were not able to pray the way we were supposed to. Why do we
ask Allah to make us amongst the after wudu? This is a clear-cut confession
that we have grave errors in performing the orders of Allah, including wudu. The
solution is to follow the guidelines set by the Prophet Muhammad and to follow his
illuminated path. He had already warned us of the tricks of Shaitaan. He already
warned us that these tricks would get severe in future: "There will be people from
my nation who will transgress in making supplications and in purifying themselves".
So, are you still going to prefer the waswaas of Shaitaan over the commands and
guidelines of Prophet Muhammad? Are you going to make the religion difficult for
yourself to follow?

Narrated Abu Huraira (May Allah be pleased with him): The Prophet (Peace be upon
him) said,"Religion is very easy and whoever overburdens himself in his
religion will not be able to continue in that way. So you should not be
extremists, but try to be near to perfection and receive the good tidings
that you will be rewarded; and gain strength by worshipping in the
mornings, the nights." [63]

Allah is not in need of our Salah or our wudu. He has ordered to us

perform tayamum in case we don't find water. We have changed the way we
perceive cleanliness. We try to leave behind the Prophet Muhammad andSahaba in
the matters of purification. Can we ever do that? So, where are we heading? We are
over-emphasizing one thing. We are making things difficult for ourselves. They
never lived in homes which were dust-free. They had cats in their homes. There was
soil on the ground in their homes and in their mosques even. Prophet Muhammad
was seen prostrating in 'muddy water'[64]. We have complicated religion for
ourselves and we do it out of a sense of over-carefulness thinking this is something
which Allah likes. Islam doesnt ask us to be germ free and Taharah doesnt mean
germless-ness.We need to mend our thinking, even our concept of 'taharah' and
The way out of waswaas is to oppose what the Shaitaan is telling. If Shaitaan is
telling you to leave yourSalah and perform it again, oppose it. If he's asking you to
spend more time in wudu, do the opposite. Let us not inflict trouble on the 'angels'
(kiraman katibeen) with us by spending too much time in the impure washroom, in
the name of 'purity'. Let us not deprive ourselves of fazail of various matters by our
self-imposed compulsions. Let us not enrage Allah by making His easy deen, difficult
for our own selves. Let us defeat theShaitaan and see things exactly the way
Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) did, and realize that his way is the best,
and we cannot leave him behind.

9. Things to do[65]
1- Start Now, Dont leave it off for tomorrow

2- Knowledge Base # 1 - Identify your enemy and its tricks

Surely the Shaitaan is your enemy, so take him for an enemy; he only
invites his party that they may be inmates of the burning. [66]

3- Knowledge Base # 2 - Know the limitations of your enemy

Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas (May Allah be pleased with him): A man came to the
Prophet (Peace be upon him) and said: Apostle of Allah! One of us has thoughts of

such nature that he would rather be reduced to charcoal than speak about them. He
said: Allah is Most Great, Allah is Greatest, Allah is Most Greatest. Praise be to
Allah Who has reduced the guile of the devil to evil prompting. Ibn Qudamah
said "reduced his matter" instead of "reduced his guile". [67]

4- Knowledge Base # 3 - Stop Blaming yourself

Waswaas are a sign of faith. Shaitaan wishes to steal the treasure of Imaan away
from you. The fact that you worry for your Imaan is a sign of its strength and a
proof that its dear to you.

Some of the companions of the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) came to the
Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and said to him, We find in
ourselves thoughts that are too terrible to speak of. He said, Are you really
having such thoughts? They said, Yes. He said, That is a clear sign of
faith. [68]

Al-Nawawi said in his commentary on this hadith: The Prophets words, That is a
clear sign of faith means, the fact that we think of these waswaas as something
terrible is a clear sign of faith, for if you dare not utter it and you are so afraid of it
and of speaking of it, let alone believing it, this is the sign of one who has achieved
perfect faith and who is free of doubt.[69]

5- Knowledge Base # 4 - Re-attribute

Attribute these thoughts as satanic whispers and do not fall in them, as they say:
"We may not be able to choose what kinds of thoughts come into our mind but we
definitely make the choice of what kind of thoughts we want to dwell in."

6- Knowledge Base # 5 - Re-value

Do not take these thoughts at face value. They do not define the 'real you' and are
from Shaitaan to mislead you.

7- Knowledge Base # 6- Re-focus

Refocus your mind towards something positive. Work around these thoughts by
focusing your attention on something else, something "positive" and "worth doing".

8- Knowledge Base # 7- Ignore the waswasah completely and dont dwell in it

Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) said: "Allah Most High has forgiven
the wasaawis that arises in the hearts of the people of my nation until one
acts upon them or talks about them"[70]

9- Knowledge Base # 8 - Learn the matters or Religion

If you face some religious issue, dont keep it pending in your mind, and dont invent
your own solution. Learn the Islamic Solution and youll figure out how simple the
religion is.

10- Faith Booster # 1 - Dive into the Quran

Make it a habit to recite some portion of the Quran daily with understanding. Quran
has immense power and it answers your doubts on faith and gives you passion for
pious acts. Quran is the most powerful faith booster that exists today. No day of
yours should go by without having recited some portion of Quran with
understanding. Remember to recite in a loud voice when you do so.
Remember to seek Allahs refuge from Shaitaan before Reciting Quran:
So when you recite the Quran, seek refuge with Allah from the
accursed Shaitaan


11- Faith Booster # 2 - Remain surrounded by people who are God Fearing and remind you of Allah

If you stay with people who have weak Imaan, then your Imaan will also start
becoming weak, similarly if you stay with people with strong Imaan,
your Imaan would start becoming strong.

12- Instant Weapon #1 - Seeking help from Allah

Shaitaan is our invisible enemy. We cannot defeat him without the help of Allah. We
should seek refuge from the accursed Shaitaan by saying

(I seek the refuge of Allah from the accursed Shaitaan), whenever we feel
that Shaitaan is overpowering us. This is your weapon. If you learn to use it
properly Shaitaan will never get the opportunity to mislead you.
Allah says in the Holy Quran:

And if an evil whisper from Shaytaan (Satan) tries to turn you away (O
Muhammad) (from doing good), then seek refuge in Allah. Verily, He is the
All-Hearer, the All-Knower [72]

Seeking refuge is like a sword in the hand of a warrior; if the hand is strong then the
sword will be able to deal the fatal blow to the enemy, otherwise the sword will not
harm the enemy at all, even if it is made of burnished iron.
Similarly, if seeking refuge is done by one who is pious and fears Allah then it is like
fire, which burns theShaitaan, but if it is done by one who is confused and weak in
faith then it will not have a strong impact on the enemy.
Whenever you recite something it is essential you keep its meaning in your mind.

13- Instant Weapon # 2 - Repelling Shaitaan with the Zikr (Remembrance) of

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: Whoever experiences
anything of this waswaas, let him say three times:

Aamantu billaahi wa rusulih (I believe in Allah and his Messenger) and
that will drive (the Shaitaan) away.


It was narrated from Aaishah (May Allah be pleased with her) that the Messenger
of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: The Shaitaan comes to

one of you and says, Who created you? And he says Allah. Then the Shaitaan
says, Who created Allah? If that happens to any one of you, let him say,

Aamantu Billaahi wa rusulih (I believe in Allah and His Messenger). Then

that will go away from him.[74]

Abul-Maleeh reports that a man said, I was behind the Messenger and his riding
animal stumbled. I said, May Shaitaan perish, and he said, Do not say,
May Shaitaan perish. If you say that he will grow in size until he becomes the size
of a house and says, By my strength. Instead say, In the Name of Allah.
When you say that, he reduces in size until he is like a fly.[75]

14- Instant Weapon # 3 - Repelling Shaitaan by spitting

One of the Sahabah (companions) complained to the Messenger of Allah (Peace be

upon him) about waswaas during prayer, and he said: The Shaitaan comes between
me and my prayers and my recitation, confusing me therein. The Messenger of
Allah (Peace be upon him) said: That is a devil called Khanzab. If he affects you
seek refuge in Allah from him and spit drily to your left three times. He
[the Sahabi] said, I did that and Allah took him away from me. [76]
Narrated Abu Qatada: The Prophet said, "A good dream that comes true is from
Allah, and a bad dream is from Satan, so if anyone of you sees a bad dream,
he should seek refuge with Allah from Satan and should spit on the left, for
the bad dream will not harm him."[77]

15- Force Field # 1 - Zikr, Remember Allah, around the clock

Yahya (peace be upon him) advised his companions: I enjoin you to remember
Allah, for the likeness of that is of a man who was pursued by the enemy,
until he came to a strong fortress where he found protection from them.
Similarly, a person cannot protect himself from the Shaitaan except by
remembering Allah (zikr).[78]

16- Force Field # 2 - Remain in the state of Wudu always.

17- Force Field # 3 - Recite Surah an-Naas and Surah al-Falaq after
every Salah and before going to bed (with the meaning in your mind)

18- Force Field # 4 - Reciting Ayat al-Kursi after every Salah and before going to
bed (with the meaning in your mind)

The Prophet said, When you are about to sleep recite Ayat al-kursi (Surah al
Baqarah 2: 255) till the end of the verse for there will remain over you a
protection from Allah and no Shaitaan will draw near to you until
morning. [79] [80]

19- Force Field # 5 - Remember to seek Allahs refuge from Shaitaan before
entering the washroom

I seek Allahs refuge from male and female devils


20- Tidbit # 1 - If you feel that whispers are bombarded at you, and it seems
difficult to ignore them then write opposite, on a piece of paper, and tell yourself
that you are this positive one and not the one who has negative thoughts.

21- Tidbit # 2 - Do opposite to what Shaitaan does and asks you to do

Prophet Muhammad said, When any one of you eats, let him eat with his right
hand and when he drinks, let him drink with his right hand, for Shaitaan
eats with his left hand and drinks with his left hand. [82]

He also said, Take a midday nap because the Shayateen do not take a nap.[83]

22- Tidbit # 3 - Avoid useless things, useless debates so that you can avoid
useless thoughts.

23- Tidbit # 4 - Seek Help from others

For instance if you take lot of time in doing wudu, make someone monitor
your wudu and tell you: Ok, this is enough, move to the next part.

24- Warning # 1 - Dont leave any obligatory act; it will make you weaker,
specially the Fajr Salah.

Messenger of Allah said, Shaitaan puts three knots at the back of the head of
any of you if he is asleep. On every knot he reads and exhales the following
words, The night is long, so stay asleep. When one wakes up and
remembers Allah, one knot is undone; and when one performs ablution, the
second knot is undone, and when one prays the third knot is undone and
one gets up energetic with a good heart in the morning; otherwise one gets
up lazy and with a mischievous heart. [84]

25- Warning # 2 - Do not be hasty. You must follow the above constantly for atleast 40 days[85], for it to show any significant effect.

26- If you still feel helpless while confronting the waswaas, pray to Allah using
the duaa of Ayub (Peace be upon him) :
And (remember) Ayub (Job), when he cried to his Lord: Verily, distress has seized
me, and You are the Most Merciful of all those who show mercy [86]


- Muhammad Awais Tahir

- Faiza bint Abdul Qayyum (MSc. Behavioral Sciences)

[[ By the grace of Allah, this is our third and most comprehensive write-up on the
topic of OCD and its Islamic Cure. Many people have given us a positive feedback on
our previous write-ups. So, the solution summarized in the end in points is tested
and has worked with many brothers and sisters around the globe, by the grace of
Allah. If you still have some queries and are unable to overcome
obsessions/compulsions, send your queries Dont forget to send us your feedback if
you feel this write-up has helped you to some extent. It is advised that you print out
the last chapter (i.e. Things to do) and remind yourself of it frequently. ]]
JazakAllah-u Khairan

[1] DSM-IV-TR; APA, 2000

[2] OCD Symptom Subtypes described by Ramussen and Eisen (1998)
[3] A survey done in an area with practicing religionists would yield a much larger
percentage, especially, when fear of contamination gets attached to the religious
incorrectness obsession.
[4] Akhtar et al., 1975; Ramussen and Eisen. 1998
[5] Salah is the Arabic term for the five daily prayers.
[6] Wudu is the Arabic term for ablution
[7] Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for OCD, David A.Clark.
[8] Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders: DSM-IV-TR, pg.457
[9] Ibid.
[10] Waswaas is also translated as the whisperer, meaning the Shaitaan/Satan.
More accurate plural of is , but as is commonly used hence we are
sticking to it.
[11] Al Quran - Surah Al Israa' 17:6465
[12] Al Quran - Surah An Naas 114:1-6

[13] Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for OCD, David A.Clark.

[14] Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: A Review, Pathan Dilnawaz. ISSN 2230 - 8407
[15] Al-Bukhari, Al-Muslim
[16] Narrated by Ahmad ; classed as hasan by al-Albaani in Ghaayat al-Maraam
[17] Two angels (Kiraman Kaatibeen) are for writing our good and bad deeds, and
two angels are for our protection.
[18] Sahih al-Muslim, Masnad Ahmed ibn Hanbal, Sunan ad-Darmi
[19] Sahih al-Bukhari, Sahih al-Muslim
[20] Al Quran : Surah al-Faatir 35:16
[21] Masnad Ahmed bin Hanbal (Hadith # 2131) and Sunan abu Dawud (Hadith #
5114), authenticated by al-Albani
[22] Al Quran: Suran an-Nahl 16:99-100
[23] Follow this link to learn how to identify satanic dreams and how to deal with
[24] Sahih al-Bukhari
[25] Sahih al-Muslim
[26] Al Quran: Surah al-Baqarah 2:268
[27] Sahih al-Muslim
[28] Al Quran: Surah Qaaf 50:16
[29] Al Quran: Surah an-Naas 114:6
[30] Al Quran: Surah al-Anaam 6:112
[31] Al-Bidayah wan-Nihayah 1/73
[32] Ibid.
[33] Al Quran: Surah al-Baqarah 2:208

[34] Kitab ur Ruh, ibn al-Qayyim

[35] Sahih al-Muslim
[36] Sahih al-Muslim
[37] Sunan ibn e Majah (Hadith # 457), Sunan An Nasai (Hadith # 141) and Masnad
Ahmed bin Hanbal (Hadith # 6841). Al-Albani verified it to be authentic.
[38] Masnad Ahmed and Sunan Ibn e Majah, The hadith has a weak chain as pointed
out by al-Albani and Sh'uaib Arnaoot but it is used to emphasize an established fact
which is mentioned many a times in the Qur'an itself.
[39] Al Quran: Surah Al A'araf 7:31
[40] Al Quran: Surah Al-An'aam 6:141
[41] Sahih al-Bukhari, Sahih al-Muslim
[42] Ahmad, Al-Bazzar, and At-Tabarani and it has been authenticated by Sh'uaib
[43] Ahmad, Abu Dawud, and An-Nasa'I and it has been authenticated by al-Albani
and Shu'aib Arnaoot
[44] Sahih al-Bukhari
[45] Sunan Abu Dawud and Jami Tirmidhi
[46] Sunan Abu Dawud and Jami Tirmidhi
[47] The Interpretation of the book: 'Dham Al-Muwaswiseen wat-Tahdheer Minal
Waswasah', pg.47
[48] Jami Tirmidhi
[49] Jami Tirmidhi
[51] Fataawa Ibn Uthaymeen (14/50)
[52] There are different methods of Sajda e Sahw mentioned in ahaadith. Details
can be found in a book ofFiqh.

[53] If you are in doubt whether it is third or fourth Rakah, then considering it to be
third is the safer approach.
[54] Sahih al-Bukhari
[55] Sahih al-Muslim
[56] Sharah e Muslim An-Nawawi
[57] Masnad Ahmed bin Hanbal and Sunan Abu Dawud, authenticated by al-Albani
[58] Radomsky et al., 2001
[60] Kitab ur Ruh, Ibn al-Qayyim
[61] Sahih al-Bukhari
[62] Al Quran: Surah al-Baqarah
[63] Sahih al-Bukhari
[64] Sahih al-Bukhari
[65] These points have been written after lot of contemplation and discussion and
special effort have been made to keep them as simple and as less as possible.
[66] Al Quran : Surah al-Faatir 35:16
[67] Masnad Ahmed bin Hanbal (Hadith # 2131) and Sunan abu Dawud (Hadith #
5114), authenticated by al-Albani
[68] Sahih al-Muslim
[69] Sharah e Muslim An-Nawawi
[70] Al-Bukhari, Al-Muslim
[71] Al Quran: Surah an-Nahl 16:98
[72] Al Quran: Surah al-Fussilat 41:36, Surah al-Aaraaf 7:200
[73] Saheeh al-Jaami, 6587

[74] Masnad Ahmed ibn Hanbal, Authenticated by Shuaib Arnaoot

[75] Sunan Abu Dawud
[76] Sahih al-Muslim
[77] Sahih al-Bukhari
[78] Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 2863; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh alTirmidhi
[79] Sahih al-Bukhari
[80] There are many Azkaar (supplications) that Allahs Messenger used to recite in
the morning and evening, we have tried to keep things as simple as possible, and
not over-burden affected people with too many azkaarto memorize and recite.
[81] Sunan Abu Dawud, al-Albani graded it as Sahih
[82] Sahih al-Muslim
[83] Saheeh al-Jaami (4/147)
[84] Sahih al-Bukhari
[85] Numerous ahaadith point towards the importance of being consistent in our
actions, and the special significance of doing actions continually for 40 days is also
mentioned in various ahaadith.
[86] Al Quran: Surah al-Anbiya 21:83