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Tissue-Equivalent Phantoms

for Mammography
Models 010 & 011A

A Refined Quality Assurance Tool for


Today's Advanced Imaging Systems
Proven simulation technology enables the use of tissueequivalent, realistically-shaped phantoms for mammographic
quality assurance.
The CIRS Model 010 & 011A Breast Phantoms contains
targets that are engineered to test the threshold of the new
generation of mammography machines. Model 010 phantoms are available in 4, 5 and 6 cm thickness, with specified
glandular tissue compositions. Model 011A is 4.5 cm thick
and simulates an average glandular tissue composition.
Both phantoms include a removable 0.5 cm adipose tissue
equivalent layer.
The Model 010 & 011A were designed to test the performance of any mammographic system. Objects within the
phantoms simulate calcifications, fibrous calcifications in
ducts and tumor masses. Test objects within the phantoms
range in size from those that should be visible on any system
to objects that will be difficult to resolve on the best mammographic systems.

CIRS resin material mimics the photon attenuation coefficients of a range of breast tissues. Average elemental composition of the human breast being mimicked is based on the
individual elemental composition of adipose and glandular
tissue reported by Hammerstein.
Attenuation coefficients are calculated by using the mixture
rule and the Photon Mass Attenuation and Energy Absorption Coefficient Table of J.H. Hubbell.

Features

Realistically Shaped

Tissue Equivalent

Monitor Image Quality & Dose

The methodology and design of these phantoms was developed


by Dr. Panos Fatouros and his associates at the Medical College
of Virginia.

2428 Almeda Avenue Suite 316 Norfolk, Virginia 23513 USA


Tel: 800.617.1177 757.855.2765 Fax: 757.857.0523

WWW.CIRSINC.COM
Tissue Simulation & Phantom Technology

Models 010 & 011A

Specifications
Models 010 & 011A Include
Dimensions:
Phantom Weight:
MATERIALS:

12.5 cm x 18.5 cm

Qty

Component Description

(8.5" x 5" x 3")

Tissue Equivalent Mammography Phantom

2 lbs.

( 0.7 kg)

Adipose Tissue Equivalent Layer (0.5 cm thickness)

Phantom: Epoxy Resin

User Guide

Specs: Calcium Carbonate

48 Month Warranty

Test Objects
Line pair target
1.
20 lp/mm

Step Wedge
1 cm thick
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.

0.130
0.165
0.196
0.230
0.275
0.400
0.230
0.196
0.165
0.230
0.196
0.165

100% gland
70% gland
50% gland
30% gland
100% adipose

Hemispheric Masses
75% glandular / 25% adipose
thickness (mm)
(Model 010B, 010D, 011A)

CaCO3 specs
grain size (mm)
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.

Models 010 & 011A Options

55% glandular / 45% adipose


thickness (mm)
(Model 010A, 010C)
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.

4.76
3.16
2.38
1.98
1.59
1.19
0.90

Optical Density

31. Reference zone

Edge of Beam
32. Localization target

Model No.

Description

010A

Tissue-Equivalent Mammography Phantom,


5.0 cm thick 30% Gladular/70% Adipose

010B

Tissue-Equivalent Mammography Phantom,


4.0 cm thick 50% Gladular/50% Adipose

010C

Tissue-Equivalent Mammography Phantom,


6.0 cm thick 20% Gladular/80% Adipose

010D

Tissue-Equivalent Mammography Phantom,


5.0 cm thick 50% Gladular/50% Adipose

011A

Tissue-Equivalent Mammography Phantom,


4.5 cm thick 50% Gladular/50% Adipose

Nylon Fibers
diameter size (mm)
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.

1.25
0.83
0.71
0.53
0.30

50/50
4.5CM

Model 011A

References:
Skubic S.E., Fatouros PP. Absorbed Breast Dose: Dependence on Radiographic Modality
and Technique, and Breast Thickness. Radiology,1986, 161:263-270.
Fatouros PP, Skubic S.E., Goodman H. The Development and Use of Realistically
Shaped, Tissue- equivalent Phantoms for Assessing the Mammographic Process.
Radiology, 1985 157(p):32.
2011 Computerized Imaging Reference Systems Inc. All rights reserved.
Specifications subject to change without notice.
Publication: 010 011A DS 111511

Computerized Imaging Reference Systems, Inc. has been


certified by UL DQS Inc. to (ISO) 9001:2008. Certificate
Registration No.10000905-QM08.