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Interrogation of BSC IP settings

Interrogation of BSC IP Settings


RG20 (BSS)

Soc Classification level


1
Nokia Siemens Networks

RN28198EN20GLA0

RN28198EN20GLA0

Interrogation of BSC IP settings

Objectives
After completing the module, the student will be able to:
Describe IP Protocol Basics: address, netmask, private network, routing
Describe the use of IP in BSC (physical interfaces and logical interfaces)
Apply MML command to interrogate IP setting for O&M

Soc Classification level


2
Nokia Siemens Networks

RN28198EN20GLA0

RN28198EN20GLA0

Interrogation of BSC IP settings

ISO OSI model


7

Application

Presentation

Seven
Seven layers
layers for
for the
the
description
description of
of communication
communication
processes
processes
Logical
Logical combination
combination of
of subsubfunctions
functions within
within one
one layer
layer

Session

Transport

Network

Data Link

Physical

Defined
Defined interfaces
interfaces between
between
layers:
layers:
offer
offer services
services

Implementation
Implementation of
of aa service
service is
is
not
not predefined
predefined

ISO International Standards Organization


OSI Open System Interconnection
Soc Classification level
3
Nokia Siemens Networks

RN28198EN20GLA0

RN28198EN20GLA0

Interrogation of BSC IP settings

Layer communication

E-mail
Data

Data
Segment
Data
Header

Segment

Network Segment
Data
Header Header
Frame Network Segment
Data
Header Header Header

Packet
Frame
Trailer

0111111010101100010101101010110001

Soc Classification level


4
Nokia Siemens Networks

Frame
(Hardware-dependent)

Bits

RN28198EN20GLA0

RN28198EN20GLA0

Interrogation of BSC IP settings

OSI layer functions


Physical Layer
Determines physical topology
Mechanical/electrical specification of the transmission medium
Determines line coding
Determines other bit presentation rules (e.g. voltage level, timing rules)
Data Link Layer
Organization of individual bits in frames, adding information for error detection
Setting up and releasing reliable connections
Media Access control for the sharing of a transmission medium
Addressing systems using their MAC address (hardware-related address)
Optionally error handling (e.g. collision handling in Ethernet)
Optionally flow control
Network Layer
Path selection based on network addresses (e.g. IP addresses)
Segmentation and reassembly (block formation)
Error detection and possibly correction
Possibly flow control at network level
Transport Layer
Addressing applications using the port address
Setting up a connection between applications on different end systems (optional)
A reliable connection is possible
Reaction to errors is possible, e.g. by repeating transmission
Soc Classification level
5
Nokia Siemens Networks

RN28198EN20GLA0

RN28198EN20GLA0

Interrogation of BSC IP settings

IP address and Netmask


IPv4 : the IP address is a 32-bit numerical label, represented as 4 bytes separated
by dots. The decimal system is used to display the address in a human-readable
notation:
192.168.50.5/24
Subnetwork

11000000.10100010.0011010.00000101

Address

address
Netmask

Host

11111111.11111111.1111111.00000000
255.255.255.0

An IP Address is divided in two parts: subnetwork and host address. The netmask
index defines which part of the IP address refers to subnetwork address and to host
address:
The IP address is followed by a slash and the number (in decimal) of bits used for the
network part. In the example above, /24 after the IP address means that the subnet is
made of 24 bits, while the host part is 8 bits long.
Soc Classification level
6
Nokia Siemens Networks

RN28198EN20GLA0

(how many hosts user need to allocate and address)


Use of gateway will be described later

RN28198EN20GLA0

Interrogation of BSC IP settings

IP Address types
Private Addresses (for internal use, they cannot be used in the Internet)
10.0.0.0 to 10.255.255.255
172.16.0.0 to 172.31.255.255
192.168.0.0 to 192.168.255.255
Loopback address is mainly used for test purposes this address cannot
be assigned in the network
127.0.0.1
Multicast addresses (for a group of hosts such as for media streaming):
224.0.0.0 to 247.255.255.255
Broadcast address (to reach every host in the subnet):
255.255.255.255
Reserved addresses:
248.0.0.0 to 255.255.255.254
All other addresses are public and can be used and routed in the Internet.

Soc Classification level


7
Nokia Siemens Networks

RN28198EN20GLA0

RN28198EN20GLA0

Interrogation of BSC IP settings

Routing
Routers are network devices that connect subnets on its
different interfaces.
Routing is done using a routing protocol like OSPF, RIP or by
configuring a static route (default gateway)
In the example below, for host 1 the default gateway is the
interface of the router with IP address 172.16.25.1
172.16.25.4

Host 1

Subnet 1
Subnet 2

172.16.25.1

Host 3

192.168.50.5

Subnet 3

192.168.50.6

Host 2

10.66.82.1

Host 4
10.66.82.31

Soc Classification level


8
Nokia Siemens Networks

RN28198EN20GLA0

In order to send packets from host1 to host4, the source sends the packets to the
gateway that in this case is the default gateway, that is the router at the address
172.16.25.1

RN28198EN20GLA0

Interrogation of BSC IP settings

Transport
Host 1
Host 2

Once the route from source to destination is granted by the routers, software in each
host can create virtual connections to enable different kind of information exchange.
Virtual connections are identified by Transport Protocol and Port Number
TCP (Transport Control Protocol): Enable reliable information exchange (retransmission)
UDP (Unit Data Protocol): Enable real time exchange (no delay)
SCTP (Signaling Connection Transport Protocol): Enable reliable exchange of SS7 signaling
on IP link.
Port number under 1024 are already assigned for different protocol going upper TCP and
UDP.

Soc Classification level


9
Nokia Siemens Networks

RN28198EN20GLA0

RN28198EN20GLA0

Interrogation of BSC IP settings

IP connectivity in BSC
The LAN Units (LANUs) provide IP connectivity to CPUs and PCUs in the
BSC.
Each LANU contains three LAN Switching Units (SWUs).
The SWUs are ESBxx switches backplane connected to CPULAN (first
SWU of each LANU) and PCULAN (second and third SWUs of each LANU).

Soc Classification level


10
Nokia Siemens Networks

RN28198EN20GLA0

RN28198EN20GLA0

10

Interrogation of BSC IP settings

BSC IP Interface Types


BSC units can manage different types of IP interfaces
LOOPBACK: Interface loopback is used for sending messages from the
unit to itself to test it. This kind of interface is used in troubleshooting.

EL0, EL1: Redundant CPU IP interfaces.


IFETH0, IFETH1: Redundant PCU IP interfaces.

The interfaces can be configured with physical or logical


addresses:
Physical Address: address is assigned to a specified computer unit
permanently.

Logical Address: address belongs to the specified interface of the


specified functional unit, that means the logical IP address follows the
active unit. The logical IP address can be given to 2N and N+1 units.

Soc Classification level


11
Nokia Siemens Networks

RN28198EN20GLA0

RN28198EN20GLA0

11

Interrogation of BSC IP settings

ZQRI Output
Netmask
length

UNIT
NAME
------------------ -------OMU
EL0
EL1
MCMU-0
EL0
EL1
EMB0
EMB1
MCMU-1
EL0
EL1
EMB0
EMB1
BCSU-0
-PCU2D- 3 IFETH0
-PCU2D- 3 IFETH1
BCSU-1
EL0
-PCU2D- 3 IFETH0

Soc Classification level


12
Nokia Siemens Networks

IP ADDRESS
--------------10.2.99.82
10.2.99.82
10.1.1.1
10.1.1.1
10.1.2.1
10.1.3.1
10.1.1.1
10.1.1.1
10.1.2.1
10.1.3.1
10.2.77.40
10.6.6.6
10.2.77.41

ADDR
ADM
TYPE NML ASSIGNED STATE
---- --- -------- ----L
24 YES
UP
L
24 NO
UP
L I
24 YES
UP
L I
24 NO
UP
L I
27 YES
UP
L I
27 YES
UP
L I
24 NO
UP
L I
24 NO
UP
L I
27 NO
UP
L I
27 NO
UP
L
24 YES
UP
UP
L
24 YES
UP
L
24 YES
UP

MTU

PRIORISED
----- ----1500 NO
1500 NO
1500 NO
1500 NO
1500 NO
1500 NO
1500 NO
1500 NO
1500 NO
1500 NO
1500 NO
1500 NO
1500 NO
1500 NO

RN28198EN20GLA0

RN28198EN20GLA0

12

Interrogation of BSC IP settings

ZQRS Output
QRS:OMU:;
BSC3i

BSC31-LAB

2007-01-25

13:00:39

UNIT: OMU
Active Internet connections (including servers)
Proto Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address
Foreign Address
tcp
0
2 10.2.99.82.telnet
172.21.222.11.3891
tcp
0
0 *.www
*.*
tcp
0
0 *.11111
*.*
tcp
0
0 *.ftp
*.*
tcp
0
0 *.telnet
*.*
udp
0
0 127.0.0.1.524
*.*
Active Internet6 connections (including servers)
Proto Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address
Foreign Address
tcp6
0
0 *.80
*.*
tcp6
0
0 *.11111
*.*
tcp6
0
0 *.21
*.*
tcp6
0
0 *.23
*.*

State
ESTABLISHED
LISTEN
LISTEN
LISTEN
LISTEN

State
LISTEN
LISTEN
LISTEN
LISTEN

COMMAND EXECUTED
Soc Classification level
13
Nokia Siemens Networks

RN28198EN20GLA0

RN28198EN20GLA0

13

Interrogation of BSC IP settings

ZQRX Output
QRX:OMU::IP=10.2.77.220:PING:;
BSC3i
BSC31-LAB

2007-01-25

12:48:35

PING, SENDING UNIT: OMU


PING 10.2.77.220 (10.2.77.220): 56 data bytes
64 bytes from 10.2.77.220: icmp_seq=0 ttl=254 time=9.282 ms
----10.2.77.220 PING Statistics---1 packets transmitted, 1 packets received, 0% packet loss
round-trip min/avg/max = 9.282/9.282/9.282 ms
COMMAND EXECUTED
< QRX:OMU::IP=10.2.77.220:TRACE;
LOADING PROGRAM VERSION 12.12-0
BSC3i

BSC31-LAB

2007-01-25

12:49:39

TRACEROUTE, SENDING UNIT: OMU


traceroute to 10.2.77.220 (10.2.77.220), 15 hops max, 38 byte packets
1
2

10.2.99.2 1.056 ms
10.2.77.220 0.781 ms

COMMAND EXECUTED

Soc Classification level


14
Nokia Siemens Networks

RN28198EN20GLA0

To test host reachability and route from source to destination

RN28198EN20GLA0

14

Interrogation of BSC IP settings

ZQKB Output

QKB:;
BSC3i

BSC31-LAB

2007-01-25

12:51:24

INTERROGATED STATIC ROUTES


UNIT
------------------BCSU-1
-PCU2D-3
OMU

DESTINATION
-----------------DEFAULT ROUTE
DEFAULT ROUTE

GATEWAY ADDRESS
-----------------10.2.77.2
10.2.99.2

ROUTE
TYPE
----LOG
LOG

NBR
---2
1

COMMAND EXECUTED

Soc Classification level


15
Nokia Siemens Networks

RN28198EN20GLA0

RN28198EN20GLA0

15

Interrogation of BSC IP settings

ZIAI Output
IAI:USERID=ALL;
EXECUTION STARTED
BSC3i
BSC31-LAB

2007-01-25

12:58:40

USER ID: SYSTEM


PROFILE NAME: PROFILE
COMMAND CLASS AUTHORITIES:
A=250 B=250 C=250 D=250 E=250
K=250 L=250 M=250 N=250 O=250
U=250 V=250 W=250 X=250 Y=250

F=250 G=250 H=250 I=250 J=250


P=250 Q=250 R=250 S=250 T=250

PARALLEL PASSWORD EXISTENCE: YES


PASSWORD VALIDITY TIME LEFT: PASSWORD NEVER EXPIRES
MML COMMAND LOG ACCESSIBILITY: LIMITED
UNIQUE PROFILE: NO
MML SESSION IDLE TIME LIMIT: 15 MIN(S)
FTP ACCESSIBILITY: WRITE

FTP setting for this profile

NETWORK USE ALLOWED: NO


COMMAND EXECUTED
Soc Classification level
16
Nokia Siemens Networks

RN28198EN20GLA0

RN28198EN20GLA0

16

Interrogation of BSC IP settings

Exercise: BSC interrogation


OMU
MCMU

SWU

MCMU
BCSU

SWU
BCSU
PCU
PCU

Soc Classification level


17
Nokia Siemens Networks

RN28198EN20GLA0

Exercise: BSC Interrogation, duration ~ 15min


Required equipment: one working VDU terminal for each workgroup.
Complete the picture above according to your classroom BSC!
Write down the used MML commands!
Interrogate the IP address of the OMU:
____________________________________________________________________
Is there any interface configured with logical IP address?
____________________________________________________________________
Whats the default gateway of the OMU?
____________________________________________________________________
Run ping and traceroute commands from OMU unit to IP address

____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________

RN28198EN20GLA0

17