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January 12th, 2010 Published by: teducation

Checklist Toward Zero

Ways of living more sustainably can take many forms:

1. Reorganizing living conditions

• ecovillages
• transition towns

2. Reappraising economic sectors

• art
• advertising
• architecture
• business
• consumerism
• fashion
Achieving sustainability will enable the Earth to
continue supporting human life as we know it. • industries
The concept was first proposed as an international • landscape architecture
endeavor in 1987 when sustainability (as sustainable • packaging
development) was formally defined by the United
Nations as development that "meets the needs of • procurement
the present without compromising the ability of • tourism
future generations to meet their own needs." http://
• transport
There is now abundant scientific evidence that humanity 3. Reappraising work practices
is living unsustainably.
• sustainable architecture
Returning human use of natural resources to within
sustainable limits will require nothing less than a major 4. Using science to develop new technologies
collective (global) effort. The transition required to
reduce global human consumption to within sustainable • green technologies
limits involves much larger changes, at all levels and • renewable energy
contexts of society.
The single most impactful jobs in the future will - bio fuel
contribute towards global awareness, development and - biomass
implementation of ongoing sustainability measures.
A career in any of the following fields would be a - geothermal power
lifelong commitment to Planet Earth and the survival of - hydroelectricity
- solar energy
There are indeed many more items that should be in
- tidal power
the rather basic list below. Note the distinction between
'old-school' traditional disciplines and the new 'green' - wave power
career fields; each and every field (which meets the - wind power
criteria of sustainability) can and should be made

January 12th, 2010 Published by: teducation
5. Adjustments in individual lifestyles

• Population control

- Birth control

- Family planning o 00.0 DOWNLOAD CHECKLIST
- Overpopulation o 00.1 Foreword
- Zero population growth o 00.2 About the Checklist

• Energy conservation
o 01.0 Your Food

• Recycling
o 02.0 Family Planning & Health

• Housing
o 03.0 Money and Stuff

• Mobility
o 04.0 Waste

• Employment
o 05.0 Driving & Flying

• Consumerism
o 06.0 Playing & Pets

• Food
o 07.0 Your Home

• Leisure
o 08.0 Work

• Health
o 09.0 School

• Education
o 10.0 Renovation/Construction
o 11.0 Calculate Your Footprint
6. Managing Environmental Resources
o 12.0 Consider Carbon Offsets
• Atmosphere o 13.0 Conclusion
• Land o 13.1 Epilogue (get political)
• Fresh Water o 13.2 Science & Skepticism
• Oceans o 13.3 Checklist Sources
• Cultivated Land o 14.0 Climate Change 101 – a short reading list
• Extinction for everyone
• Energy
• Food
00.1 Foreword
• Minerals Source:
• Materials
January 12th, 2010
• Pollution
In 2005 the eminent climate scientist Dr. James Hansen said,
• etc. “We are on the precipice of climate system tipping points
beyond which there is no redemption.” Just a few years later,
The scope of the problem involves many aspects of we are now crossing some of those tipping points. It’s time
social, cultural, economic, and environmental issues. to stop talking. We must reduce now. Read the checklist.
One hardly knows where to begin! We can all start by Download it, edit it, make it your own and distribute it.
taking a step in the right direction, as the compiling
editor of this exciting and comprehensive checklist, Ken Melting polar ice will soon disintegrate, raising oceans to
Levenson, has done. Ken helps us to sort out action from threaten the existence of Miami, New York, Shanghai, Jakarta,
the overwhelming evidence that otherwise would occupy Calcutta, Lagos, London and other cities. The polar bears are
the mind in tragic idleness. going to die. And 20 to 40% of animal species will be extinct
by mid-century. The tropics are turning to desert. Monsoon
The time to act was yesterday. We have some serious rains will cease. There will be drought, famine, and millions of
catching up to do. refugees. We could be among them. Hundreds of millions of
lives will be at risk, quite possibly billions. Yes, billions.
Ted Ollikkala (
We face these consequences not in 1,000 or 100 years, but
Singapore in our lifetime. We face an emergency, the likes of which
12 January 2010 civilization has never seen. What is to be our legacy?
Cover Collage: Ted Ollikkala, Photo by Ken Levenson

January 12th, 2010 Published by: teducation
The tipping point for atmospheric CO2 concentration is Ken Levenson is a principal in Levenson McDavid Architects
approximately 350 parts per million (ppm). Past it we are on P.C., and a concerned father, living in Brooklyn.
the road to catastrophe. It’s now 383ppm and rising 2ppm per The header picture is of our eldest daughter – and I’m hoping
year. we can ensure she’s walking toward a better future. Let’s get
We need to take immediate action. We must halt the building to zero now.
of new coal and gas power plants that don’t capture the CO2
they produce, and require the conversion of all existing coal
power plants to capture CO2. If the power plants cannot be 01.0 Your Food
converted, let’s shut them down. Source:
January 12th, 2010
There’s no “silver bullet” to fix the problem – we must also
massively invest in clean energy sources, forest restoration,
1. Don’t eat beef - or at least much less beef. Going
public transportation, and in building a carbon neutral society.
vegetarian is best, but less is a start. (If you do just one
We need to elect leaders who are serious about this emergency
thing, do this.)[1](high impact)
to every level of government and educate the ones who are not.
2. Chicken in lieu of beef is better too.[2]
Let’s examine our own lives and make them as carbon free as
possible. This checklist is a simple way to get started. 3. Stop eating all that processed food – or at least eat much
less. (high impact)
As the dynamic of climate change feeds on itself, shocks lie
ahead. The previously benign Siberian soil, locked for ages in 4. Read by Michael Pollan. (Quick read. Very informative.)
permafrost, is now melting, releasing greenhouse gases (GHG) 5. Don’t eat fish or eat significantly less. Buy sustainably
that exceed the total output of U.S. manmade emissions. harvested wild fish when possible.[3]
The oceans – now absorbing 2 billion tons of CO2 annually 6. Find out which fish are sustainable and which aren’t at
– are becoming acidic dead zones. Eventually if they tip Fishonline.
they’ll switch to being massive CO2 emitters, radically raising
atmospheric temperature and sea levels. 7. Monitor what you eat and don’t eat.[4](high impact)

While the challenges are enormous, let’s start with what we 8. Buy organic when possible. [5] See Organic Food Info.
eat and how we live and work. Let’s begin by eliminating our 9. Become a locavore and buy regionally grown food.[6]
personal carbon footprint. (high impact)
Please read the lists. Think about it. Let’s all do what we can. 10. Find local farmers and consider a community supported
Ken Levenson agriculture subscription (CSA) at Local Harvest.

Feb 29, 2008 (edited 2009) 11. Shop at the local Farmer’s Market.
12. Consider joining the Park Slope Food Coop.

00.2 About the Checklist 13. If you can’t get it locally buy fair-trade food.[7] Find out
more at Fair Trade Resource.
checklist/ 14. Grow your own food if you have the space. Some if not
January 12th, 2010 all. The more the better. Read Food Not Lawns by
Heather C. Flores. (high impact)
15. No decent soil? Use pots.
16. Drink tap water, not bottled water. Tap water is safe,
clean and just as good for you. If you have concerns, filter
The checklist is a step-by-step guide to comprehensively
the tap water.
reducing your carbon footprint now. It’s a cut-and-paste job,
compiled by Ken Levenson. [5] Note that while studies show GHG is lowered for some
It is hoped that people will download the checklist, copy it, edit organic products such as wheat and potatoes, for others such
it for their local conditions, and make it their own. as eggs, milk and chicken the GHGs can actually be greater
unless additional mitigation is utilized in their production.
Sensing many want to start fighting climate change, yet aren’t
sure what the options are – a Park Slope Civic Council forum [7] Commonly found fair-trade foods include: coffee, tea,
on sustainability provided the deadline to make the initial chocolate, cashews, olive oil, rice sugar, hearts of palm,
checklist. salmon, honey, salsa, jam and syrup.
Launched in February 2008, the checklist was fine-tuned
with the help of many. To acknowledge a few: Eric McClure’s
proofreading/editing, Ellen Honigstock’s springboard of
initial sustainability lists, and my wife Katherine’s essential

January 12th, 2010 Published by: teducation

02.0 Family Planning & Health 03.0 Money and Stuff

Source: Source:
planning-health/ shopping-stuff/
January 12th, 2010 January 12th, 2010

2a. Family Planning:

1. Every consumer dollar spent on new stuff puts
Global overpopulation is the single biggest contributor to the approximately .5 lbs of carbon into the atmosphere. The
climate crisis we face. While perhaps an uncomfortable subject average American spends $10,000 per household, per
to speak of, it must be if we are serious about saving the planet year on consumer goods. (Things like gifts, toys, music,
as we know it. books, tools, household goods, cosmetics, toiletries,
paper goods, etc… But not including things like
1. Prevent unplanned pregnancies. (high impact) mortgage, health care, debt service, car payments, etc…)
2. Plan in a way that makes sense for you – but plan. A 90% cut would be $1,000 per household, per year.[5]
Two, of many, possible sources for guidance: Planned 2. Watch the online video “The Story of Stuff with Annie
Parenthood , The Catholic Church Leonard”. And monitor what you buy. (high impact)
3. If you’re thinking about having a second child, consider 3. Give special attention to major purchases.
4. Purchase recycled products.[6]
4. If you’re thinking about a third or fourth child, really,
really consider adoption. 5. Purchase green products and avoid “green-washed”
products. They say they’re green but the labels may tell
2b. Your Health: a different story.
The U.S. spends 16% of its gross domestic product on health 6. Shop locally at locally owned businesses. Invest in a
care, the highest percentage in the world. Needless to say, vibrant local economy – so you never have to drive.
health care in America has a massive carbon footprint. 7. Purchase natural and concentrated cleaning
1. Don’t smoke.
8. Buy Green beauty products.[8]
2. Reduce sugars[1], high fructose corn syrup and sodas.
9. Use organic dry cleaning.
3. Reduce white flour and white rice.
10. Or avoid buying clothing that requires dry cleaning.
4. Reduce fried and processed foods.
11. Consider natural, organic-fiber clothing.[9]
5. Eat and drink in moderation.
12. Use Freecycle – people who are giving (and getting) stuff
6. Get a regular medical check-up. for free in their own towns.
7. Get enough sleep. 13. For fashionistas: Clothing Swap and Swap Style.
8. Exercise and control your weight. (walk, ride your bike 14. More green wardrobe choices.
and take the stairs instead of the elevator!)
15. Reuse construction material and equipment. Planet
9. Practice good dental hygiene. Reuse.
10. Keep yourself healthy with preventative care with all the 16. Online vendors in green goods: Make Me Sustainable.
above. (high impact)
17. Rediscover your local library.
18. Buy staple items in bulk or in the largest size possible.
[1] Sugar can cause or make worse: diabetes, obesity, immune
system suppression, hyperactivity in children, alcoholism, 19. Don’t buy over-packaged items. Avoid individually
arthritis, asthma, heart disease, gallstones, osteoporosis, some wrapped single servings.
types of cancer and cataracts. 20. Buy fresh foods instead of canned.
21. Buy music downloads and avoid the packaging
22. Say no to Styrofoam.
23. When shopping, bring your own bags to use.
24. Employ a mix of the above strategies that work for you.
(high impact)

[2] McKinsey Global Institute reports that with targeted

annual investment of $170 billion, investors could cut by half
the rate of projected global energy growth over the next 13
years – while earning an average annual return of 17 percent.
January 12th, 2010 Published by: teducation
[3] While all oil companies are problematic, ExxonMobil is [4] The Coop has three collection days each month, and best
alone in denying the urgency of the problem and is actively of all, they accept plastics from any neighborhood resident
undermining the public’s understanding of climate change by (excluding businesses), not just Coop members.
funding bogus front groups and think tanks. Exxpose Exxon. [6] If you forgot your bag and need to choose between paper
and plastic, while debatable, the carbon reduction advantage
04.0 Waste goes to paper as it is more easily reused and recycled.
January 12th, 2010
05.0 Driving & Flying
1. Audit and reduce your garbage.[1] (high impact)
2. Work to reduce your waste a little bit more ever day: Eco- January 12th, 2010
Cycle can help.
1. Set concrete goals for reducing your travel. (high impact)
3. Recycle paper, metal and plastics per NYC law.[3]
4. Consider recycling the plastics NYC won’t accept at the 4a. Driving:
Park Slope Food Coop.[4]
1. Walk, ride your bike, or take public transportation
5. Opt out of mail order catalogs you don’t want through instead. (high impact)
Catalog Choice.
2. Get a hybrid.
6. Stop junk mail. Go to Eco-Cycle.
3. Trade in the SUV or truck for a higher mileage car.
7. Donate or sell your castoffs: Freecycle, NYC Stuff
Exchange, Clothing Swap, Swap Style. 4. Get a diesel engine and run it on local used cooking oil.
Check out Tri-State Biodiesel, Fill Up for Free and Grease
8. Sell it on EBay, Craig’s List or on the stoop. Car for more info.
9. Recycle what you can’t sell or give away. 5. Use bio-fuel with caution.[1]
10. Cell phones[5] and rechargeable batteries – Call 2 6. Consolidate trips: don’t drive until you’ve got a few
Recycle. errands.
11. Shoes – Reuse a Shoe. 7. If you drive to work, share your commute.
12. Carpet – Carpet America Recovery Effort. 8. Maintain your car’s fuel efficiency. Tune it up. Change
13. Computers – Electronics Take Back Coalition. the oil. Fix a cracked or missing gas cap. Strip the
rack when not in use. Unload the trunk. Maintain
14. Building supplies – Habitat for Humanity.
recommended tire pressure.
15. CDs & DVDs – Green Disk.
9. Drive the speed limit.[2]
16. Say “No” to disposables.
10. And stop driving like a maniac – those abrupt starts and
17. Use reusable shopping bags. [6] stops can cost you up to 37%in fuel efficiency.
18. Use cloth napkins. 11. Use cruise control on the highway.
19. Use dish towels instead of paper towels. 12. Avoid excessive idling.
20. Don’t use disposable plates, cups, or silverware. 13. Don’t top off the fuel tank.
21. Use rechargeable batteries. 14. Need a car service? Try NYC Green Car.
22. Compost! If you live in an apartment, compost at your
4b. Flying:
nearest community garden. A great source of nutrients
for plants and gardens. 1. Don’t fly.[3](high impact)
23. Place a water bottle in your toilet tank and reduce the 2. Take a train instead of flying.
volume of water you use.
3. If you must fly: Book direct flights. One stop-over on
24. Your laptop is about five times more energy-expensive a 3,500 mile trip will produce 25% more carbon dioxide
to make than a car or fridge. So upgrade first than flying direct. Fly in a newer, more fuel-efficient
before you replace. Install more memory or faster plane.[4] And consider buying carbon offsets to balance
processor. Reuse. Give your PC away. Recycle. Many specific trips.
manufacturers will take your machine when you buy a
new one. 4. The best frequent flier miles are those unspent. Donate
your miles to the Red Cross, Make a Wish Foundation,
25. Feeling like no matter what you do it’s just not enough? the National Marrow Donor Program or a charity of your
Install an Envirolet composting toilet! choice.

January 12th, 2010 Published by: teducation
[1] Biofuels, — made from surgarcane, corn, palm and January 12th, 2010
soybeans — were once thought to be a miracle, reducing
greenhouse gases and employing farmers. Recent studies 1. Average US electrical usage is 11,000 kwh per household,
in Science and Nature conclude that whenproduced on per year, or about 900 kwh per household per month. A
converted lands, biofuels will effectively emit more GHGs than 90% reduction would mean using 1,100 per household,
the fossil fuels they displace. Where farmers have changed per year or 90 kwh per household, per month.[1]
from growing feed corn to fuel, no such problem exists. So the 2. Switch your home’s electrical power source to wind and/
trick is to get your biofuel from properly managed land. New or solar or hydro power. ConEd and other utilities obtain
land use regulations will be required to insure that the use of power from traditional and green sources and you can
biofuels fulfill their promise of net reductions. choose green, which adds approximately $10/month to
[2] The U.S. Department of Energy estimates that for every your electric bill. Help push the utilities to produce more
5 mph above 60, the decreased fuel efficiency costs $0.20 a renewable energy. Go to Power Your Way. (high impact)
3. Sub-size it. Houses between 1,500 and 2,000 s.f.
[3] Air travel currently contributes about 3 percent of global consume 40% less energy than a 4,000+ s.f. McMansion.
carbon emissions as well as nitrous oxide which has double the (high impact)
impact of CO2. Air travel is set to triple by 2030.
4. If you’re moving, choose a home near public
[4] Such as the Airbus A340 or A380 or Boeing 787 transportation, and use it. (high impact)
5. If you’re moving, consider a row house or an apartment
Two people in a Prius is actually 33% less CO2e/passenger- building instead of a detached home. Promote the
mi than taking Amtrak (120g/p-m vs. 180g/p-m). Not all construction of energy-efficient apartment buildings
public transportation is efficient. If it electric (trolley, light rail, over single-family homes. (high impact)
BART), it is probably efficient. If it is diesel, it may not be (it
depends on whether it is full or not). 6. Consider living in a cohousing community - an
intentional community that not only increases social
interaction but through it, typically encourages a wide
06.0 Playing & Pets range of sustainable living practices. Find one in your
Source: area or start a new one.
January 12th, 2010 7. Consider renovating an old home rather than building
1. Remind yourself what it is you’re trying to save: the
environment we’ve got. Get out and enjoy: City parks. 8. Rehabilitate, renovate, reuse and preserve.[2] Get
State parks. National parks. resources at the National Trust for Historic Preservation.

2. Carry it in, carry it out. 9. Whether renovating or building new, single family
or multi-family, consider Passive House construction
3. Observe wildlife, don’t disturb. standards to truly achieve 90% energy reduction and
4. Hike, row, sail, ski, or paddle – don’t motor. (high optimal light and air quality too. Visit the Passive
impact) House Institute US or where it originated, the Passivhaus
Institut. (high impact)
5. Don’t Cruise.[1] Or consider a sailing cruise.
10. Conduct a Home Energy Audit - do-it-yourself via the
6. Take vacations close to home. (high impact) U.S. Department of Energy Lawrence Berkley National
7. For green vacation tips check out Green Globetrotter, Laboratory’s Home Energy Saver. Or hire a certified
The International Ecotourism Society, Traveling the home energy audit professional through the Residential
Green Way and Whole Travel. Energy Resources Network. (high impact)
8. Share books, CDs, tapes, magazines with friends, 11. Monitor your home electrical use. Real time access
hospitals, and prisons. to your household’s energy information will allow you
to smartly reduce your electric bill. Use The Energy
9. Throw a party and raise consciousness. Or join the
Detective (TED) to give you a fascinatingly detailed
festivities planned for Earth Day , Clean up the World
picture of how you use electricity in real time. Available
Day or World Car Free Day.
through Energy Circle and TerraPass among others.
10. Throwing a party and cannot avoid disposable plates (In the future Google will also be offering Power Meter
and utensils? Use BagasseWare plates and SpudWare across the U.S.) (high impact)
7a. Re-Insulate:
11. Plan a green wedding celebration at Ethical Weddings.
1. If your home is more than 10 years old, it is probably
07.0 Home 2. Install as much insulation as possible – install as many
of the itmes listed below as possible. (high impact)

January 12th, 2010 Published by: teducation
3. Weather stripping and caulking - Probably the least categories.[6] Locally and sustainably harvested, and
expensive, simplest, most effective way to insulate and either using deadwood, trees that had to come down
cut down on energy waste in the winter. Improperly anyway, coppiced or harvested by someone who replaces
sealed homes can waste 10 to 15% of the homeowner’s every lost tree. This is deemed carbon neutral, and you
heating dollars. Check around doors and windows for can use an unlimited supply. This would include street
leaks and drafts. Add weather stripping and caulk any trees your town is taking down anyway, wood you cut
holes you see that allow heat to escape. Make sure doors on your property and replant, coppiced wood (that is,
seal properly. you cut down some part of the tree but leave it to grow),
and standing and fallen deadwood. You can use as much
4. If your windows leak really badly, consider replacing
of this as you like. Wood not sustainably harvested, or
them with newer, more efficient ones. Keep in mind,
transported long distances, or you don’t know. 1 cord of
however, that replacing windows can be expensive.
this is equal to 15 gallons of oil or 20 therms of natural
5. Every duct, wire or pipe that penetrates the wall or gas.
ceiling or floor has the potential to waste energy.
4. Have your heating system cleaned and inspected
Plumbing vents can be especially bad, since they begin
regularly by a qualified contractor.
below the floor and go all the way through the roof. Seal
them all with caulking or weather-stripping. 5. Set your thermostat to 68 degrees during the day and 60
degrees at night and when no one is home. Each degree
6. Electric wall plugs and switches can allow cold air in.
over 68 can increase by 3 percent the amount of energy
Purchase simple-to-install, pre-cut foam gaskets that fit
you use for heating.
behind the switch plate and effectively prevent leaks.
6. Put on a sweater. There are numerous ways to improve
7. Roofs - Install a green roof – plantings provide building
home heating efficiency, but none so simple as dressing
insulation in summer, and site water management. See
warmly and dialing back the thermostat.
Green Roofs for Healthy Cities.
7. Install a programmable thermostat and set it to turn
8. Windows & Doors – Close the blinds on hot summer
down the heat at night and when no one is home.
days, open them on cool winter days.
Lowering the thermostat 10 to 15 degrees for eight hours
9. Install window quilts. a day can save you about 10 percent a year on heating
10. Use storm doors and windows in cool environments. costs. (high impact)

11. Install high-performance windows when it’s time to 8. Keep drapes or furniture away from radiators and
replace them. baseboard heaters so heat can flow freely.

12. Heating and Cooling Systems – Examine your house’s 9. Remove window air conditioners when the weather gets
heating ducts for leaks. Mostly out of sight, ducts can leak cool. If you can’t, enclose them with a cover.
for years without you knowing it. You can save roughly 10. Open blinds and shades, particularly on the south and
10% of your heating bill by sealing them. west sides of your home before you leave in the morning
13. Insulate hot water pipes. to make use of the sun’s heating potential.

14. Fireplace -Avoid using the fireplace when the heating 11. Use an efficient humidifier to maintain comfortable
system is on. humidity levels and help you conserve heat. Proper
humidity helps you feel comfortable without turning up
15. Install fireplace inserts (doors and circulation blowers) the heat.
so less warm air goes up the chimney when the fireplace
is going. 12. Use ceiling fans to circulate warm air in winter, especially
in rooms with high ceilings.
16. Don’t forget to close the damper on your fireplace when
not in use. 13. Close doors and warm-air vents in unused rooms, but in
extreme cold, be aware of water pipes that could freeze
7b. Heating: and burst.
14. If you have a hot-water heating system, release any
1. US average natural gas usage is 1000 therms per
trapped air from radiators.
household, per year. A 90% reduction would mean a
reduction to 100 therms per household, per year.[4] 15. Radiators can lose heat into exterior walls. Reduce this
loss by placing reflectors between the wall and the
2. Heating Oil (this is used by only about 8% of all US
households, mostly in the Northeast). Average US usage
is 750 Gallons per household, per year. A 90% cut would 16. Clean or replace filters for your hot-air furnace and heat
mean using 75 gallons per household, per year.[5] pump every month during the heating season or use
filters made to run six to 12 months before needing
3. Wood. This is a tough one. The conventional line is that
wood is carbon neutral, but, of course, wood that is
harvested would have otherwise been absorbing carbon 17. Insulate any hot-water pipes that pass through unheated
and providing forest. There are good reasons to be spaces. For steam pipes, use nonfoam insulation, as foam
skeptical about this. Therefore wood is divided into two can melt.
January 12th, 2010 Published by: teducation
18. When buying a new furnace or boiler, look for the 18. In the summer months, run your washing machine,
ENERGY STAR label. dryer, and dishwasher early in the day or at night when
it’s generally cooler.
19. When you’re away turn the thermostat down to 50
degrees. 7d. Water Consumption & Heating:
7c. Air Conditioning: 1. The Average American uses 100 Gallons of water per
person, per day. A 90% reduction would mean 10 gallons
1. Dress cool: don’t turn on the air conditioning. (Sweating
per person, per day.[7]
it out could be good training for a hotter planet.)
2. Visit the Alliance for Water Efficiency.
2. Switching to high-efficiency air conditioners and
reducing your air-conditioning use can cut your cooling 3. Next to heating or cooling, water heating is typically the
costs by 20 to 50 percent. largest energy user in the home. To conserve energy,
conserve hot water.
3. Install properly sized high efficiency AC units. A larger-
than-needed air conditioner cycles on and off more 4. Plan on buying an energy efficient water heater before
frequently, reducing its efficiency. your old one fails. If your gas water heater is more than
10 years old, it may be operating at less than 50 percent
4. Inspect and clean your air conditioner or cooling system
regularly. A well-maintained unit uses less electricity.
5. Set your water heater no higher than 120 degrees.
5. If you have central air conditioning, keep the condenser
unit’s coils and fins clean. Remove grass, leaves, and 6. If appropriate, consider a demand water heater that has
other debris that may collect. no storage tank. It can reduce your energy use by 10 to
15 percent.
6. Set your air conditioner to no cooler than 78 degrees.
Lower than 78 degrees can increase your costs by up to 7. Wrap your hot-water storage tank with an insulation
40 percent. blanket. If it’s a newer model check to confirm it doesn’t
void the warrantee and is fully compatible.
7. Install ceiling fans or whole house fans to help reduce
your need to use the air conditioner. A fan will make a 8. Fix leaky faucets.
room feel 4 to 6 degrees cooler, making it possible to 9. Don’t leave the water running while washing dishes.
raise the thermostat from 78 degrees to 82 degrees or
higher. For every degree you raise the air conditioning 10. Take showers rather than baths. Showers generally use
thermostat, you can save 7 to 10 percent on cooling costs. half as much hot water as baths. And install a low-flow
showerhead. And take shorter showers. And shut off the
8. Alternate the use of air conditioning and fans. When shower while soaping, scrubbing, or shaving.
you’re comfortable, shut down your air conditioner and
turn on the fan. This approach can cut air conditioner 11. Shut off the faucet while brushing your teeth.
use by up to 40 percent. 12. Install a low-flow toilet.
9. Don’t air-condition an empty room. 13. Install a rain barrel to reduce storm runoff and to water
10. Whenever the outdoor temperature is below 72 degrees your garden.
open windows for cooling in lieu of A/C.
7e. Lighting
11. Turn your air conditioner off when you leave home.
12. Install a programmable thermostat or use a timer to turn 1. Use ENERGY STAR-qualified compact fluorescent light
on your air conditioner a half hour before you return bulbs (CFLs). They use less than 25 percent of the
home rather than having it run all day. electricity standard bulbs use and last 10 times longer.
Look for color temp 2700K to provide similar light
13. If you have central air-conditioning, consider Con quality to incandescent. Recycle used CFL bulbs.
Edison’s offer of a free programmable thermostat. Visit
ConEdison and find out more. 2. Consider light emitting diode (LED) lights for most
possible savings. Available for under-cabinet kitchen
14. Clean or replace air-conditioner filters at least once a lighting and a growing number of applications.
month during the cooling season.
3. For CFLs the best light bulb selector I’ve found is at the
15. Shade windows that face south, east, and west. Keep Environmental Defense Fund’s Find an Energy-Saving
windows, drapes, and shades closed during the day. Light Bulb. It is an easy to use, common sense and
About 40 percent of unwanted heat comes in through comprehensive guide to the myriad of options, including
windows. dimmable, 3-way and outdoor light bulbs. We hope they
16. Install your air conditioner in a shady area, if possible. will be adding LEDs soon.
17. When it’s time to cook in the summer months, grill 4. Turn off lights when not in a room. If family members
outside and keep your oven off. won’t turn off the lights, install motion sensors.
5. During the day, let daylight do the work and turn off
lights near windows.
January 12th, 2010 Published by: teducation
6. Install light tubes to increase natural lighting. 4. Resist the temptation to overfill the refrigerator. Loosely
stored food in the refrigerator allows air to circulate
7. Instead of brightly lighting an entire room, focus the light
around it.
where you need it.
5. In the freezer, pack items tightly. If there’s extra space,
8. Keep bulbs and fixtures clean.
add bags of ice.
9. Replace light switches with dimmers or motion sensors.
6. Set your refrigerator to 40 degrees, and freezer to 0
10. Use bright lights only where you read or work. degrees.
11. When you go away, use timers to turn your lights on and 7. Open the refrigerator and freezer doors only when
off. necessary.
12. Turn off outdoor lights. Choose lights with dawn/dusk 8. Check your refrigerator door’s seal.
sensors. If you can, get lights powered by solar panels
9. Install your refrigerator away from the stove, radiator,
and batteries so that you don’t have to install any
heating duct, or direct sunlight, if possible.
electrical wires.
10. Allow hot foods to cool before putting them in the
7f. Electronics: refrigerator.

1. Don’t watch television, or watch as little as possible. Our 11. Cover liquids in the refrigerator. Uncovered liquids make
flat screens are beautiful power-sucking monsters. the refrigerator work harder.

2. If buying a new TV, get an LCD.[8] 7i. Cooking:

3. Turn off stereos and TVs with a power strip to avoid
1. Use a microwave rather than an electric or gas oven as
continuous power drain. In the average home, nearly
much as possible.[14]
75% of all electricity used to power electronics is
consumed by products that are switched off but still 2. For certain recipes that require long cooking times, use
plugged in. a Crock-Pot.
4. Unplug chargers (think cell phones and iPods) when not 3. Use copper-bottom pots and pans. They heat up faster
in use.[9] than regular pans.
5. Use a laptop instead of a desktop computer.[10] 4. When baking, preheat your oven no more than five to
eight minutes.
6. Ensure your computer’s power settings are enabled: set
your computer to automatically hibernate and set your 5. When broiling or roasting, don’t preheat your oven.
monitor to automatically sleep. 6. Don’t open the oven door more than necessary. Every
7. Turn off your monitor when you leave your computer for time you open the door, the oven loses 25 to 50 degrees.
more than 20 minutes. Screen savers use electricity. 7. Cook as much of your meal as possible at one time in the
8. Recycle your rechargeable batteries and old cell phones. oven.
Go to Call 2 Recycle. 8. You can turn the oven temperature down 25 degrees
when using glass or ceramic pans. The cooking time will
7g. Appliances
remain the same.
1. Appliance over 15 years old should typically be 9. Use the self-cleaning oven feature right after you’ve used
retired.[11] the oven to cook a meal – while it’s still hot. (But try not
2. Choose ENERGY STAR-qualified appliances.[12] to use this feature too often.)

3. Use the energy-saving setting for all appliances, 10. An electric kettle generates about half as much
particularly your refrigerator, air conditioner, washing greenhouse gas as using a microwave oven or a cook top.
machine, dryer, and dishwasher. Be careful not to boil more water than you need.

4. Clean and maintain appliances so they work efficiently. 7j. Dishwasher:

7h. Refrigerator: 1. Run your dishwasher only when it’s full.

1. If your refrigerator is old, think about replacing it. Some 2. Don’t run the dishwasher’s dry cycle. Let your dishes air
older models may account for up to 50 percent of your dry, or put a towel to them.
monthly electricity bill. 3. Turn down the water temperature on the dishwasher to
2. Make sure your refrigerator is the right size for your 120° F
needs.[13] 4. Use the energy-efficient setting if available.
3. Don’t keep that old, inefficient refrigerator running in 5. Pack your dishwasher efficiently.
the basement for occasional use.
6. Scrape dishes before placing them in the dishwasher.
Don’t rinse.[15]
January 12th, 2010 Published by: teducation
7. Use the “soak” or “prewash” dishwasher setting only for 12. Use low – VOC (volatile organic compounds) sealants,
burned-on or dried-on food. adhesives, paints, coatings and carpets.
13. Use green insulation materials: blown-in cellulose and
7k. Laundry:
recycled denim.
1. Use your clothes washer only when it is full. 14. During construction, work with the contractor to divert
2. Wash and rinse your clothes in cold water. as much waste as possible from the landfill – many
materials can be recycled or sold.
3. Straighten and clean the air ducts on your dryer.
4. Clean the lint filter in the clothes dryer before each load.
[1] Riot 4 Austerity
5. Don’t overdry your clothes. [16] [2] Renovating, rather than building a new home captures
6. Better still, use a clothes line to dry. the “embodied energy” of the existing structure. Restoration
produces less waste and uses less energy.
7. More esoteric is a drying closet. Washed, wet clothing
is hung in a closet acting also as the return air plenum [3] Heat loss due to inadequate insulation can account for 30%
to your home’s ventilation system, and passively dried in of home heating and cooling costs. Most heat escapes through
the process. the roof as heat in the home rises, so a properly insulated attic
is a priority for an energy efficient home.
7l. Yard: [8] LCDs consume 30 to 40 percent less power than a plasma
of similar size. (And do you really need a 40″ screen?)
1. Plant deciduous trees that shade your home during the
summer. Or just plant a tree. And plant a sidewalk tree [9] Only 5% of the power drawn by a cell phone charger is used
too. Check out Trees New York and Million Trees NYC. to charge the phone. The other 95% is wasted when it is left
plugged into the wall.
2. Utilize Xeriscaping.[17]
[10] A typical laptop, while plugged in, uses 50 watts of energy
3. Use natural pesticides.
compared to the typical desktop system that uses about 270
4. Use a rake, not a leaf blower. watts (including the CPU and monitor), making a laptop 80%
5. Create a more porous exterior walkway, driveway or yard more efficient.
to reduce storm-water runoff. [11] The good news is that about 80 percent of a refrigerator
6. Consider drip irrigation. or a clothes washer is recyclable.

7. Take your yard global. Adopt some rain forest. Visit The [12] Energy Star appliances use 10 to 50 percent less electricity
Nature Conservancy’s Adopt an Acre. than standard models. Look for the yellow EnergyGuide
label to help you compare the efficiency of different major
7m. Home Renovation: appliances. Visit Energy Star.
[13] Bigger isn’t better. Refrigerators with the freezer on
1. If a renovation is in the cards, consider:
either the bottom or top are much more efficient than those
2. Integrating natural cooling techniques such as operable with side-by-side doors-even more so when through-the-
skylights to vent hot air. door icemakers and water dispensers are included. These
3. On-site renewable energy sources: features will increase your refrigerator’s energy use by 14%
to 20%. Bottom freezer models are the most efficient, using
4. Geothermal Heating and Cooling – see NY State approximately 16% less energy than side-by-side models and
programs. 3% less than top freezer models.
5. Solar Photovoltaic (PV) panels – see more NY State [14] Microwaves use less than half the power of traditional
incentives. ovens. And up to 90% of the energy used by traditional ovens
6. Solar Thermal Water Heating – see U.S. DOE info on the is wasted.
subject. [15] Rinsing dishes under running hot water before putting in
7. Wind Turbine Electric – see NY State programs. dishwasher can use more hot water than the dishwasher itself.
8. Reuse construction material and equipment. See Planet [16] Except for towels, no more than 10-15 minutes drying is
Reuse. typically required.
9. For new millwork and cabinetry use wood substrate that [17] Xeriscaping is a comprehensive approach to landscaping
is urea- and formaldehyde-free. for water conservation. Principles include: planning and
selecting plants for your regional and microclimate. Limiting
10. Flooring – consider certified woods, natural linoleum, turf. Efficient irrigation and use of mulches.
cork or bamboo.
This post is full of information and the links to the government
11. Maintain and re-use existing walls and building site or energy sites are just wonderful. Thanks for putting up
components where possible this post. My buddy decided that he will do his own energy
audit. It is amazing that how much information is really out

January 12th, 2010 Published by: teducation
there and even someone like my buddy Mike who is not 29. Have your company consider purchasing carbon offsets
involved with home renovation or construction was able to do to balance its footprint.
his own audit. 30. Check out ClimateBiz, a green resource for businesses.

[2] Spider plants and peace lilies can remove carbon

08.0 Work monoxide, and Ficus and Aloe Vera the formaldehyde or
Source: adhesives found in furnishings.
January 12th, 2010

1. Work at home. 09.0 School

2. Telecommute. Source:
January 12th, 2010
3. Ask your company to calculate its footprint.
4. Ask your company to install bicycle racks and use them. 1. Join the Green School Initiative.
5. Find alternatives to traveling to a meeting: use the 2. Encourage your school to switch to green power via
old-fashioned phone, use video and web conferencing Power Your Way.
software. Meet virtually in Second Life. 3. Install solar PV panels at your school with state
6. Switch your company’s electrical utility provider to green incentives via School Power Naturally.
energy via Power Your Way. 4. Establish an eco-committee and adopt an environmental
7. Turn off the screen saver and let your computer sleep vision statement
during the work day. 5. Do an energy audit.
8. And turn off the computers at the end of the day. 6. Make an action plan and monitor progress.
9. Send e-mails and electronic copies whenever possible. 7. Integrate greening into the curriculum.
10. Scan or print-to-pdf everything and store and send as 8. Rally kids to the cause! (If they haven’t already been
electronic files. Make the paperless office a reality. rallying you…)
11. Invoice via email only and pay bills with a credit card or 9. Organize events to encourage energy auditing and
electronically directly from bank account. energy savings – make a friendly competition.
12. Does it really need to get there absolutely, positively 10. Organize fundraisers to raise awareness and consider
overnight? Use the U.S. Postal Service. buying carbon offsets for the school.
13. Need to ship something – consider carbon-balanced 11. Copy bulletins and exams on both sides.
12. Make notes and drafts on scrap paper.
14. Reduce paper usage.[1] Use the Environmental Defense
Fund’s Paper Calculator. 13. Reuse textbooks and school supplies.
15. Use 100% recycled paper. 14. In college buy used textbooks and sell them back when
you’re done.
16. Preview your documents and proofread them carefully
before you print 15. Buy school supplies with high recycled content.
17. Print only the necessary information. 16. In cafeterias, use non-disposable trays, dishes, and
18. Copy reports and memos double-sided.
17. Make sure your school recycles.
19. Circulate, don’t copy, paperwork.
18. Seek out a food donation program for your school instead
20. Reuse tubes and envelopes for mailing. of discarding unused cafeteria food.
21. Recycle scrap paper. 19. Compost cafeteria vegetable waste.
22. Use a laptop in lieu of a desktop. 20. Get kids a water bottle.
23. Add greenery – houseplants can remove toxins from 21. Prepare waste-free lunches with a reusable lunch bag.
indoor air.[2] Avoid faddish or super cute designs that will age badly.
24. Use a mug at work – not paper or Styrofoam cups. And 22. Carpool. Stuff the neighborhood’s kids in the minivan/
no disposable stirrers. crossover, and resume your own low-carbon walking or
25. Use silverware and plates. public transport routine at least a few days a week.
26. Drink less coffee. 23. Are they old enough to walk or bike to school?
27. No bottled water – drink tap water. 24. In college live on campus and walk.
28. Talk and share. Start an electronic bulletin board where
carbon-reducing ideas can be posted.
January 12th, 2010 Published by: teducation

10.0 Renovation/Construction 12.0 Consider Carbon Offsets

Source: Source:
renovation-and-new-construction/ offsets/
January 12th, 2010 January 12th, 2010

Residential and Commercial buildings consume 40% of Carbon offsets have been called a sin tax, compared to Catholic
energy contributing to climate change. And of that, over indulgences or paying for a war substitute. But carbon offsets
90% is consumed in the operations of the building: lighting, are meant to be used only as a supplement, not a substitute.
heating, cooling, equipment etc… So unless one tackles Choose carefully, and carbon offsets will genuinely reduce
operational efficiency seriously, it won’t matter how much emissions.
“green materials” are installed in the building – it will be an As a gesture toward neutralizing your remaining footprint
energy disaster. consider buying offsets. Well regarded U.S.-based companies
To help ensure more sustainable building practices many and organizations that provide carbon offsets:
standards have been developed including Energy Star, LEED, As you say, these are a supplement, not a substitute, so the
Zero Energy Building and Passive House. “carbon neutrality is just a click away” line is really too much
Energy Star – developed by the U.S. Dept of Energy hype.
(DOE), addresses a wide range of issues including products,
home improvement, new home construction and commercial
building design. Generally Energy Star seeks a 30% 13.0 Conclusion
improvement in efficiencies. Source:
January 12th, 2010
LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) –
developed by the industry group U.S. Green Building Council, But let’s be honest, while you’ve made good progress, there’s
LEED seeks a holistic approach that addresses a wide range much more to do. Change incrementally – it will insure
of environmental issues including: sustainable sites, water greater long-term success.
efficiency, energy & atmosphere, material and resources, and
indoor environmental quality. 1. kenlevenson Says:
I agree – but it’s meant with a grain of salt, as it were. I’ll
Zero Energy Building – Largely funded by DOE toward clarify that!
commercial and residential applications, it is a building
standard that seeks to have the building achieve net zero 2. Earl Killian Says:
energy use through efficiency measures in construction with You’re hardly at zero at this point. (Trivial example: even
the addition of on-site renewables such as photovoltaics as if you’re eating local food you’ve got fossil fuels in your
necessary to achieve zero balance. veins. Even if you grow your own food, the water you
irrigated them with was probably pumped with fossil
Passive House – developed in 1990s and formalized by the fuels.)
Passivhaus Institut in Darmstadt Germany and now at the
Passive House Institute U.S., it is the most rigorous energy My point is that you’ve left off the most important item
standard today achieving up to 90% heating and cooling that would let us get to zero eventually: Elect politicians
energy reductions and up to 70% overall energy use for that will get rid of the fossils.
residential and commercial applications.
It should be clearly noted that these four programs are not
exclusive but complementary. 13.1 Epilogue (get political)
10.1 Renovation January 12th, 2010
1. Items coming soon…
1. Copy and distribute this checklist. Download it.
10.2 New Construction
2. Talk to neighbors about how to make the neighborhood
1. Items coming soon… greener.
3. Join groups of folks working together to reduce:
11.0 Calculate Your Footprint EcoMom Alliance.
Source: 4. Join a Carbon Rationing Action Group (CRAG).
January 12th, 2010
5. Use internet sites that help you reduce your carbon
footprint and have fun doing it. Check out Make Me
Now that you’ve made a serious effort to reduce, measure your Sustainable and Carbon Rally.
carbon footprint and find out where you stand. There are
many carbon footprint calculators available on the internet. A 6. Get political – join and support organizations fighting
selection: to stop climate change: 1Sky, Environmental Defense
Fund, Greenpeace, Natural Resources Defense Council
and the World Wildlife Fund to name a few possibilities.

January 12th, 2010 Published by: teducation
7. Lobby for green building codes. Architecture 2030, To say that “man-made global warming is as
Efficiency First. scientifically certain as the rising sun, Einstein’s theory
of relativity or Darwin’s theory of evolution” is way
8. Talk to skeptical family members, friends and neighbors.
over the top. The first argument can be made purely
Be patient and listen, but explain, explain, explain. For
on semantics. For one the sun does not rise, the
skeptic arguments and responses see Grist’s How to
earth rotates and revolves giving the appearance of the
Talk to a Climate Skeptic. An appropriate take-down
sun rising. Secondly, theories aren’t certain. Laws are
of skeptic opinion makers: see Chapter 2, “The Denial
certain. They are called Einstein’s and Darwin’s theories
Industry” in the book Heat, How to Stop the Planet From
and not Einstein’s and Darwin’s laws.
Burning by George Monbiot, 2006.
We have great concensus in the scientific community
that man made gasses are causing some warming. On the
13.2 Science & Skepticism face of it it makes perfect sense. But then again it makes
perfect sense for clouds to reduce global warming since
they increase the albedo effect and reflect light and heat
January 12th, 2010
back into space. But then again it makes perfect sense for
clouds to increase global warming since water vapor is a
Skepticism is an essential part of the scientific method. greenhouse gas and clouds are mostly water vapor.
Scientists see the benefit in being proven wrong. Yet the so-
called global warming skeptics (deniers is a more appropriate Consensus isn’t certainty and modesty is the best course
term) believe that the scientists have an unprofessional of action. WIth that said, let’s get the hell off of fossil
interest in the outcome and are rigging it. The accusations are fuels. Let’s start debating the merits of Cap and Trade
partly self-delusion and partly just plain lying. [2] or Cap and Dividend or of a Carbon Tax. Let’s make it
While there is much legitimate debate about the particulars
of global warming like how bad and how fast. Yet there is
no legitimate debate about whether human-generated carbon
emissions are the root of the problem – humans have thrown 13.3 Checklist Sources
the great carbon cycle horribly out of whack and it is only a
question of just how sensitive is she to our abuse.
January 12th, 2010
Man-made global warming is as scientifically certain as the
Books -
rising sun, Einstein’s theory of relativity or Darwin’s theory of
evolution. The science of climate change is now essential to by Michael Brower and Warren Leon, 1999
understanding how our world actually works and will work in Garbage Landby Elizabeth Royte, 2005
the future.
Global Warming, The Causes, The Perils, The Solutions, The
Actions: 51 Things You Can Do Edited by Kelly Knauer, Time
[1] It’s almost embarrassing to include such a note but we live Inc., 2007
in the U.S., where public opinion has been so damaged by a few
corporations and religious fundamentalists. Just recently Bob by Elizabeth Rogers and Thomas M. Kostigen, 2007
Lutz, General Motors’ vice chairman, stated that in his view, by the editors of E, 2005
global warming is a “total crock of shit.” Then he added: “I’m
a skeptic, not a denier. Having said that, my opinion doesn’t by George Monbiot, 2006
matter.” (source:[2] See by Ed Begley, Jr., 2008
Chapter 2, “The Denial Industry,” in the book Heat, How to
The Live Earth Global Warming Survival Handbook, by
Stop the Planet From Burning, by George Monbiot, 2006.
David de Rothschild, 2007
1. kenlevenson Says: Reports -
Thanks for the kind words. And we can agree to disagree
by Jessica Bellarby et al., Greenpeace, 2008
on the characterization. The rising sun is a literary term,
obviously. As for Einstein and Darwin’s theories – I The Case for Investing in Energy Productivity, McKinsey
chose them for the very reason that they are, like AGW, Global Institute, February 2008
called theories – tested and proven theories at that….as Newspaper and Magazine Articles -
without Darwin there’s no biotech revolution etc….
Let’s get to work. Biofuels Deemed a Greenhouse Threat, by Elisabeth
Rosenthal, New York Times, Feb 8, 2008
Cheers. Ethical investing: Funds that favor planet savers, by G.
2. Koop Says: Jeffrey MacDonald, Christian Science Monitor, Feb 25, 2008
Thanks for this site and the work that went into it. But For ‘EcoMoms,’ Saving Earth Begins at Home, by Patricia
instead of telling you all the things that you did right I’m Leigh Brown, New York Times, Feb 16, 2008
going to point out where I disagree.
Websites -

January 12th, 2010 Published by: teducation
Ellen Honigstock Architect P.C. , Brooklyn Green. Books:
U.S. Dept of Energy – Energy Efficiency and Renewable With Speed and Violence: Why Scientists Fear Tipping Points
Energy. in Climate Change by Fred Pearce – The best A to Z treatment
I’ve read.
Dire Predictions – Understanding Global Warming by
14.0 Climate Change 101 Michael E. Mann and Lee R. Kump – The best explanation of
Source: the IPCC findings anywhere.
climate-change-resources/ Hell and High Water: Global Warming–the Solution and the
January 12th, 2010 Politics–and What We Should Do by Joseph Romm
Climate science data and analysis are evolving fast. Here’s a The Discovery of Global Warming by Spencer R. Weart
short list of books, reports and websites where you can get a Censoring Science: Inside the Political Attack on Dr. James
snapshot of where things now stand. Hansen and the Surprising Truth About Global Warming by
Mark Bowen
GLOBAL WARMING 101 – A READING LIST: Heat: How to Stop the Planet from Burning by George
The Basic Scientific Understanding: Monbiot, Matthew Prescott
The Atlas of Climate Change: Mapping the World’s Greatest
Basic Fossil Fuel Facts – an indispensable condensed Challenge by Kristin Dow, Thomas E. Downing
explanation – at the end of a letter addressed to Governor The Revenge of Gaia: Earth’s Climate Crisis and the Fate of
Gibbons of Nevada by Jim Hansen. (The facts starts on page Humanity by James Lovelock, Crispin Tickell
5 – the letter is very good too.)
And Now Action:
Climate Code Red: The case for a sustainability emergency – Okay, enough reading! Armed with the facts, go out and
a great summary of the science up to the start of 2008, giving fight for our children’s future – change our personal, political
the crisis the urgency it deserves. and public lives. A comprehensive place to start is with the
Understanding and Attributing Climate Change – IPCC checklist. Download it, edit it, make it your own, and pass it
makes the case. (See also Dire Predictions in Books below.) on.)
Detecting and Attributing External Influences on the Climate
System: A Review of Recent Advances – Lawrence Livermore
National Laboratory.
Assessing key vulnerabilities and the risk from climate
change – the IPCC’s take on what’s at stake.
The Effects of Climate Change on Agriculture, Land
Resources, Water Resources, and Biodiversity, Executive
Summary – U.S. Dept of Agriculture
Special Report: Climate Change – covers the crisis from many
The Science Behind the Science and Why it can be trusted:
Scientists Explain How They Attribute Climate-Change Data
– A Wall Street Journal article shows why the science can be
Models ‘key to climate forecasts’ – BBC’s examination of our
most powerful tool in understanding global warming.
Addressing Doubt:
Climate change: A guide for the perplexed – a great “round-
up of the most common climate myths and misconceptions”.
How to Talk to a Global Warming Sceptic – and stop them in
their tracks.
How to Talk to a Climate Skeptic – Grist’s rundown is great
help too.
The Denial Industry – George Monbiot’s eye opening account
of the origin of the concerted network opposing legitimate
climate science. Think Big Tobacco.
Best Global Warming Blogs:
Related Websites: