Civil PE Exam Sample problems set 3

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For Breath Exam (Morning Session) Set #-3

PECivilExam.com

Breadth Exam (morning session): This practice exam contains 40 mixed

questions and answers, each set being from all five areas of civil

engineering:

Table Contents:

Page

1.

Construction-8 Q & A

2.

Geotechnical-8 Q & A

11

3.

Structural-8 Q & A

21

4.

Transportation-8 Q & A

25

5.

39

PECivilExam.com

I. Construction

1.

A borrow pit contour elevation has been shown in the figure; it has to be

cut. What is the average volume (yds3) cut from the borrow pit?

.

a.

b.

c.

d.

1.

V=11333 yds3

V=5666 yds3

V=7536 yds3

V=2833 yds3

Solution:

V=(1x5+2x7+1x9+2x6+1x5+1x7+3x8+1x9) x [(3600/(4x27)]=2833 yds3

Total Volume of Borrow pit, V=2833 yds3

Correct Answer is (d)

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2

AS shown in the Figure, the embankment has to be constructed, the soils

dry unit weight is 106 lb/ft3, moister content is 12.5%. The average area

is A1= 625 ft2 at station 5+00 and A2=560 ft2 at station 7+00. What is

the volume (yd3) of embankment?

a.

b.

c.

d.

V=2194

V=4389

V=3567

V=7895

yd3

yd3

yd3

yd3

2 Solution:

L=700-500=200 ft

Embankment volume (yd3), V = {(A1+A2)/2} x L/27

V = {(625+560)/2} x 200/27=4389 yd3

PECivilExam.com

3.

Find the weight for a 26 gage 14" galvanized spiral duct work which is 150'

long with a 15% waste for bracing, hangers, waste, and seams.

a.

b.

c.

d.

3.

574

551

633

474

lbs

lbs

lbs

lbs

Solution:

Galvanized Sheet, Weight per Unit

Area=0.9062 lbs/ft

Duct Length, L=150 ft

Duct diameter, D=14" /12 = 1.17 ft.

Duct perimeter, P=D= 3.14 x 1.17

=3.68 ft.

Total duct area, A=PxL = 3.68 x150

=551 sq. ft.

Add 15% waste for bracing, hangers,

waste, and seams

Area =551 x (1 + 15%)

= 633.73 sq. ft.

Weight = 633.73x 0.906 = 574 lbs.

Gauge

Number

Steel

Weight

in

pounds

per

square

foot

US

Standard

Gauge:

thickness

in inches

Manufactu

rers'

Standard:

thickness

in inches

Galvanized

Sheet:

weight in

lbs/sq ft

Stainless

Steel:

weight in

lbs/sq ft

10

5.62

0.1406

0.1345

5.7812

11

0.125

0.1196

5.1562

5.7937

5.15

12

4.37

0.1094

0.1046

4.5312

4.5063

13

3.75

0.0937

0.0897

3.9062

3.8625

14

3.12

0.0781

0.0747

3.2812

3.2187

15

2.81

0.0703

0.0673

2.9687

2.8968

16

2.5

0.0625

0.0598

2.6562

2.575

17

2.25

0.0562

0.0538

2.4062

2.3175

18

0.05

0.0478

2.1562

2.06

19

1.75

0.0437

0.0418

1.9062

1.8025

20

1.5

0.0375

0.0359

1.6562

1.545

21

1.37

0.0344

0.0329

1.5312

1.416

22

1.25

0.0312

0.0299

1.4062

1.2875

1.1587

23

1.12

0.0281

0.0269

1.2812

24

0.025

0.0239

1.1562

1.03

25

0.875

0.0219

0.0209

1.0312

0.9013

26

0.75

0.0187

0.0179

0.9062

0.7725

27

0.687

0.0172

0.0164

0.8437

0.7081

28

0.625

0.0156

0.0149

0.7812

0.6438

29

0.562

0.0141

0.0135

0.7187

0.5794

30

0.5

0.0125

0.012

0.6562

0.515

PECivilExam.com

4.

Which of the following statements is not true for measuring asphalt bitumen

test?

a. The penetration test has performed to measures the consistency

(hardness) of asphalt at a specified test condition.

b. The flash point test determines the temperature to which an asphalt can

be safely heated in the presence of an open flame

c. The bitumen content of a bituminous material is measured by means of

its solubility in Carbon Dioxide.

d. The ductility test can measures the distance a standard asphalt sample

will stretch without breaking under a standard testing condition (5

cm/min at 25 C).

4.

Solution:

C is not true. The bitumen content of a bituminous material is measured

by means of its solubility in Carbon Disulfide.

Correct Answer is (c)

PECivilExam.com

5.

A 5- storied apartment building has to be built, building footings layout with crosssection is shown in the Figure. How much volume of concrete is required for

building the foundation up to Ground Level (G.L.) with a 10% wastage?

a.

b.

c.

d.

5.

351

324

342

376

ft3

ft3

ft3

ft3

Solution:

Total number of footing =9 Nos.

Volume of each footing with extended column= 6x6x1+1x1(3-1) =38ft3

Total volume= 38x9x (1+10% wastage) =376.2 ft3

Correct Answer is (d)

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6.

A subcontractor has the task of erecting 8000 square meter of metals scaffolds. The

contractor can use several crews with various costs. It is expected that the

production will vary with the crew size as given below:

Estimated daily

production

(square meter)

160

Crew size

(men)

Crew formation

200

240

foreman

2 scaffold set, 3 labors, 2 carpenter, 1

foreman

2 scaffold set, 3 labors, 3 carpenter, 1

foreman

Scaffolding $70/day;

Labor $90/day;

Carpenter $130/day and

Foreman $140/day.

Determine the least direct cost of this activity considering the different crews

formation.

a.

b.

c.

d.

6.

$32400.00

$32500.00

$32900.00

$32300.00

Solution:

The calculations are shown in the following table.

Crew size

Duration (days)

Cost ($)

8000/160=50 days

32500

8000/200=40 days

32400

8000/230=35 days

32900

PECivilExam.com

7.

All residential developments areas to provide two Deep Soil Zones (D.S.Z); one to

the rear and one to the front of the property. Which of the following statements is

not true for the Deep Soil Zones (D.S.Z)?

a. Rear Deep Soil Zones are to have minimum width of 8m or 30% of the average

width of the site which ever is the greater and a minimum depth of 18% of the

length of the site up to 8m but not less than 5.5m. Greater than 8m may be

provided if desirable.

b. Deep Soil Zones must be provided for all new developments only, except on

large lot rural or agriculturally zoned land.

c. Front Deep Soil Zones are to be the width of the site boundary minus the

driveway width and the pathway width by the front setback depth.

d. Deep Soil Zones cannot be covered by impervious surfaces such as concrete,

terraces, outbuildings or other structures.

7.

Solution:

Deep Soil Zones must be provided for all new developments and existing

development, except on large lot rural or agriculturally zoned land.

Correct Answer is (b)

PECivilExam.com

8.

Which of the following statements is not applicable for Temporary Access Roads

Construction?

a.

b.

c.

d.

8.

Temporary roads shall follow the contour of the natural terrain to the extent

possible. Slopes should not exceed 10 percent.

A 6-inch course of Coarse Aggregate shall be applied immediately after

grading or the completion of utility installation within the right-of-way. Filter

fabric may be applied to the roadbed for additional stability.

Roadbeds shall be at least 12 feet wide for one-way traffic and 18 feet wide

for two-way traffic.

All cuts and fills shall be 2:1 or flatter to the extent possible.

Solution:

Roadbeds shall be at least 14 feet wide for one-way traffic and 20 feet wide for

two-way traffic.

Correct Answer is (c)

10

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II.

Geotechnical

9.

A soil sample has the following properties by the Unified Soil Classification System.

LL = 42, PL = 31. What is the soil classification?

a.

b.

c.

d.

9.

CH

MH

ML

CL

11

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10.

Which of the following statements is not satisfactory for boring log

interpretation?

12

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a. The blows/foot is number of times the 140 lbs drive weight dropped 30

inches needs to penetrate one foot. The 37 blows per foot confirm the

description of dense or well-compacted soil.

b. The moisture content range of 1.2 to 5.7% means the soil has enough

moisture and will not require a lot of water to achieve compaction.

c. The dry density in the top 4 feet is 127.7 pound per cubic foot (PCF). This

indicates a well-graded soil with a low void ratio. It can be expected to have

significant cohesion and friction angle

d. The soil between 5 and 8 feet of depth has a dry density of only 96.8 pcf.

This indicates the soil is poorly graded and a low percentage of fines. This

soil will probably have little or no cohesion. That means it may not stand on a

construction slope as steep as 1H to 1V.

10.

Solution:

Statement b is not satisfactory

The moisture content range of 1.2 to 5.7% means the soil is very dry and will

require a lot of water to achieve compaction.

13

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11.

A road project requires a fill to be compacted to 95% of its relative density with

relation to the standard Proctor (ASTM D698). The laboratory results for the

standard Proctor indicated that the soil has a maximum dry density of 121 lb/ft3,

and an optimum moisture content of 9.0%.

After the compaction of the fill soils with a vibratory roller, field testing with a sand

cone, nuclear densio-meter, or other appropriate methods indicated that the

compacted fill soils have an in-place unit weight of 124.00 lb/ft3, and a moisture

content of 7.0%. Calculate the relative compaction, and does the compacted fill

exceed project requirements or not?

a

b

c

d.

11.

94.60%

95.30%

95.01%

96.10%

<

>

>

95%

95%

95%

95%

Solution:

Maximum dry density, m = 121 lbs/ft3

Optimum moisture content, mo = 9.0%

In-situ density, = 124 lbs/ft3

In-situ moisture content, m = 7.0%

Required relative compaction per project specifications, Rd = 95%

Rd =

d

m

(m)

100

100

Rd =

121 lb/ft3

OK

The compacted fill exceeds project requirements of at least 95% relative density

14

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12 .

Using the Rankine analysis, determine the lateral earth pressures due to

earthquakes on a 8 ft rigid concrete retaining wall. The free draining gravel backfill

has a soil unit weight, , of 132 lb/ft3, and an angle of internal friction, , of 33

degrees. The retaining wall will be constructed for passive conditions.

a.

b.

c.

d.

12.

3056

5080

7020

8078

lb/ft

lb/ft

lb/ft

lb/ft

Solution:

Unit weight of soil backfill, = 132 lbs/ft3

Angle of Internal Friction, = 33 degrees

Wall height, H = 8 ft

Passive case (wall moves toward retained soil)

K = KP =

(1 + sin ) =

(1 - sin )

(1 + sin 33)

= 3.40

(1 - sin 33)

3 KhH2

8

Earthquake coefficient, Kh =

Pe =

3

4

K=

3 (3.40) = 2.55

4

3 KhH2

8

= 3 (2.55) x (132 lb/ft3 x (8 ft)2 = 8078 lb/ft

8

Pe =

15

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13.

Calculate the change in vertical stress at 3 ft below the middle of a 6 ft x 9 ft

rectangular foundation. Using the Boussinesq theory and chart. The applied building

load on this foundation is 3200 lb/ft2.

a.

b.

c.

d.

13.

2768

2134

2585

1790

lb/ft2

lb/ft2

lb/ft2

lb/ft2

Solution:

z = 3 ft

q = 3200 lb/ft2

Rectangular footing size, 6 ft x 9 ft

= Pv

Pv = summation of all stress components (i.e. Pv1 + Pv2 + .... + Pvn). In this case,

we analyze the foundation in 4 equal but separate quadrants. Instead of a single 6

ft x 9 ft foundation, we have 4 separate 3 ft x 4.5 ft quadrants. This is done so that

one corner of each quadrant is located in the center of the footing.

4Pv = 4qSince the quadrants have equal dimensions with the same applied load,

we simply multiply the equation by 4 (4 quadrants).

= Pv = 4Pv = 4q

m=

x

z

n=

y

z

4.5 ft

3.0 ft

= 1.5

3.0 ft

3.0 ft

= 1.0

16

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= 0.202, Influence value from Boussinesq chart, where m = 1.5 and n= 1.0.

= 4q = 4(3200 lb/ft2)(0.202) = 2585 lb/ft2

Correct Answer is (c)

17

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14.

PROBLEM (Settlement)

Determine the consolidation settlement at the center of the clay layer of the mat

(30m x 40m) foundation shown in the Figure. Given, the total effective stress,

=220 KN/m2 and the average effective stress increased due to the foundation

load, =90 KN/m2 at the center of the clay layer.

a.

b.

c.

d.

14.

345.00

275.00

187.00

141.00

mm

mm

mm

mm

Solution:

=220 KN/m2, =90 KN/m2, Cc=0.29 and eo=0.85

Settlement, Sc={CcHc/(1+eo)}log {(+ )/ }

Sc={0.29 x 8/(1+.85)}log {(220+ 90)/ 220}*1000=186.77 mm

Correct Solution is (c)

18

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15.

Determine the active earth pressure for the following retaining wall, H=18 feet.

Where, the unit weight of the soil is = 120 lb/ft3, = 9o and =32o.

a.

b.

c.

d.

15.

11 Kip/ft

4 Kip/ft

8 Kip/ft

14 Kip/ft

Solution:

KA=[0.848 /(0.987 +0.320)]2=0.42

PA= 1/2 KA H2=.5 x 120 x .42 x 182= 8183.45 lb/ft =8.183 Kip/ft

Correct Solution is (c)

19

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16.

Determine the tension of the tie rods T if they are spaced at 2 meters from the

center of the anchored sheet pile wall shown in Figure. The unit weight of soil is =

15.0 kN /m3.

a.

b.

c.

d.

16.

123.00

345.00

176.00

288.00

kN

kN

kN

kN

Solution:

Tie rods are spaced at 2 meter center to center

= 15.0 kN /m3

Pa= 1/2 Ka H2a=1/2 x 15.00 x 0.33 x 92= 200.48 kN/m (horizontal)

Taking moment at tie rod for mobilized passive resistance

Pp x (9-1-1.5)= Pa x (9-3-1.5)

Pp x 6.5= 200.48 x 4.5

Pp= 138.79 kN/m

Tension of the Rods, T= (200.48-138.79) x 2=123.38 kN

20

PECivilExam.com

III.

STRUCTURAL

17.

PROBLEM (Loadings)

In a building column the axial forces are determined as 180 kips of dead load, 100

kips of floor live load, 50 kips from the roof snow load. Determine the required

strength of the column without wind & earthquake load. Using the combination load

specified by AISCs Manual of Steel Construction.

a.

b.

c.

d.

17.

241.00 kips

458.00 kips

346.00 kips

401.00kips

Solution:

Given, D=180 kips, L=100 kips, S=50 kips, W=0.0 kips, & E=0.0 Kips

The following load combinations are provided by AISCs Manual of Steel

Construction.

Lr = Roof live load, S = Snow load, R = Rainwater nominal load

Combination of load:

1.2 D + 1.6 L + 0.5 (Lr or S or R)= 1.2 x180 + 1.6 x 100 +0.5 (50)= 401 kips

1.2 D + 1.6 (Lr or S or R) + (0.5 L or 0.8 W)

= 1.2 x180 + 1.6 x (50) +0.5 x 100=346.00 kips

1.2 D + 1.6 W + 0.5 L + 0.5 (Lr or S or R)= 1.2 x180 + 0.0 + 0.5 x (50)=241 kips

The required strength for the column is 401 kips.

21

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18.

PROBLEM (Loading)

Determine the dead load acting on the shown in the Figure steel beam with

concrete slab & floor tiles as shown in the Figure. The tiles flooring is 3 thick with

cement mortar.

6 ft

Flooring

6 inch concrete slab

W18x97

a.

b.

c.

d.

18.

772

630

727

547

lb/ft

lb/ft

lb/ft

lb/ft ft

Solution:

Considering, cement mortar & tiles unit weight is 120 lb/ft3

and

Concrete slab unit weight is 150 lb/ft3

Steel Beam weight = 97 lb/ft

Weight of concrete slab = 150 x 6/12 x 6 = 450 lb/ft

Weight of tiles flooring = 120 x 3/12 x 6 = 180 lb/ft

Total dead weight = 727 lb/ft

22

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19.

PROBLEM (Analysis)

Determine the reaction of YA in the frame as shown in Figure.

a.

b.

c.

d.

19.

-6.25 K

6.25 K

31.25 K

-12.5 K

Solution:

Positive moment is in the clockwise direction

MA=0,

5 x 15 x (15/2) + 25 x15-YD x30=0

YD= 31.25 K

H=0, YD+ YA-25=0,

YA=-31.25+25= -6.25 K

23

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20.

Determine the ultimate load, Qult of a rectangular footing that is 6x 4 and eccentric

shown in the Figure where, soil unit weight is = 120 lb/ft3, and the ultimate

bearing capacity is qu=3200 lb/ft2, eB=1.5 and eL=1.75.

a.

b.

c.

d.

20.

76.8.0 Kips

48.0 Kips

22.5 Kips

25.4 Kips

Solution:

Where, eL/L=1.75/6= 0.292> 1/6, and eB/B=1.5/4= 0.375>1/6;

Therefore,

B1=B(1.5-3eB/B)= 4(1.5-3 x 1.5/4)= 3.750 ft

L1=L(1.5-3eL/L)= 6(1.5-3 x 1.75/6)= 3.750 ft

Effective Area, A=1/2(L1B1)=1/2 (3.750 x 3.750)= 7.03 ft2

q'u=3200 lb/ft2

Therefore, Qult= Ax q'u= 7.03 x 3200= 22496=22.5 Kips

24

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21.

Which moment is not correct as shown in the following diagrams?

a. -450

b. -650

c. -800

d. -700

21.

K-ft

K-ft

K-ft

K-ft

Solution:

c is not correct

M at support=0, Moment, M= -(10 x10 x 10/2) + -(20 x 20)=900 K-ft

Correct Answer is (c)

25

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22.

Determine the maximum shear for the simply supported reinforced concrete beam

shown with a dead load of 1.5 k/ft and a live load of 2.0 k/ft. Assume that the point

of reaction is at the end of the beam.

a. 48.00

b. 78.00

c. 56.00

d. 72.00

22.

k

k

k

k

Solution:

Self weight = (12/12 ft) x (27/12 ft) x 150 lb/ft3 = 338 lb/ft = 0.34 k/ft

Wu = 1.4 (1.5 k/ft + 0.34 k/ft) + 1.7 (2 k/ft) = 5.98 k/ft

Vu (max) is at the ends = WuL/2 = 5.98 k/ft x (24 ft)/2 = 71.71 k

Correct Answer is (d)

26

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23.

Determine the capacity of an 18 x 18 column with 10-#8 bars, tied. Grade 40

steel and 3,000 psi concrete.

a

b

c

d

23.

731

450

340

825

kips

kips

kips

kips

Solution:

Given, Grade 40 reinforcement has fy = 40,000 psi and fc = 3,000psi

Find Pn, with =0.65 and Pn = 0.80Po for tied columns and

P0 = 0.85 fc( A g A st ) + f s A st

Vertical steel area for #10 bar, A= 3.14/4 x {(8/8)2}=0 .78 in2

Ast = 10 bars (0.78 in2) = 7.8 in2

Concrete area (gross): Ag = 18 in 18 in = 324 in2

Pn = (0.65)(0.80)[0.85 x (3000) x (324 7.8) + 40,000 x 7.8]

= 731,281 lb = 731 kips

Correct Answer is (a)

27

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24.

Check the adequacy of the shown tension element where, fy=60 ksi. Considering,

the Load and Resistance Factor Design (LRFD) method.

Where,

Tn, is the nominal strength of the member

t is the resistance factor, t = 0.9 for cross-section yielding

Bar 6 in x 0.75 in

L=100 kips

D=60 kips

t Tn = 210 kips < Tu = 232 kips

t Tn = 243 kips > Tu = 232 kips

t Tn = 243 kips > Tu = 210 kips

t Tn = 310 kips > Tu = 280 kips

a.

b.

c.

d.

24.

Solution:

Given, DL= 60 kips, LL= 100 kips

Tn, is the nominal strength of the member

t Tn Tu

Fy = Steel yield strength= 60 ksi

Ag = Gross area of section= (6 x 0.75) in2

Tu = 1.2D + 1.6L = 1.2*60 + 1.6*100 = 232 kips

Tn = Fy x Ag =60 x 6 x 0.75 = 270 kips

t Tn = 0.9*270 = 243 kips > Tu= 232 kips OK

Correct Answer is (b)

28

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IV.

25.

TRANSPORTATION

A curving highway has a design speed of 120 km/hr. At one horizontal curve, the

super-elevation has been set at 8.0% and the coefficient of the side friction is found

to be 0.12. Determine the minimum radius of the curve that will provide a safe

vehicle.

a.

b.

c.

d.

25.

530

495

567

642

meters

meters

meters

meters

Solution:

Design speed, V = 120 km/hr

Super-elevation, e = 8%

Coefficient of side friction, f = 0.12

Minimum radius, R

R = V2/(127(e/100+f))=(120)2/(127x(.08+0.12))=566.92 meters

Correct Answer is (c)

29

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26.

A large elevated object is located 46 feet from the centerline of a two-lane highway,

which has 12-foot wide lanes. The elevator is situated on the inside of a horizontal

curve with a radius of 600 feet. Assuming that the elevated object is the only sight

restriction on the curve. What is the minimum sight distance along the curve,

where degree of the curve 12 turns out?

a

b

c

d

26.

351

257

405

461

ft

ft

ft

ft

Solution

Distance from the center of the inside lane to the object, M = 46-12/2=40 ft.

Degree of the curve, D = 12

Radius of the curve, R = 600 ft

Sight distance (ft), S

M = R - Rcos(SD/200)

(SD/200)=cos-1((R-M)/R)= cos-1((600-40)/600)=21.03

S=(21.03x200)/12=350.65 ft.

Correct Answer is (a)

30

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27.

A vehicle moving at a speed of 50 mph is slowing traffic on a two-lane

highway. What passing sight distance is necessary, in order for a passing maneuver

to be carried out safely? Please assume that the passing vehicle accelerates to

passing speed before moving into the left lane.

The following variables have the values given:

Passing vehicle driver's perception/reaction time = 2.5 sec

Passing vehicle's acceleration rate = 1.47 mph/sec

Initial speed of passing vehicle = 50 mph

Passing speed of passing vehicle = 60 mph

Speed of slow vehicle = 50 mph

Speed of opposing vehicle = 60 mph

Length of passing vehicle = 22 ft

Length of slow vehicle = 22 ft

Clearance distance between passing and slow vehicles at lane change = 20 ft

Clearance distance between passing and slow vehicles at lane re-entry = 20 ft

Clearance distance between passing and opposing vehicles at lane re-entry = 250 ft

a.

b.

c.

d.

27.

1500

1900

1600

1800

ft

ft

ft

ft

Solution:

Calculate the passing sight distance, D1

V = 73.3 ft/sec (50 mph)

T=2.5 sec

Vf = 88 ft/sec (60 mph)

Ui = 73.3 ft/sec (50 mph),

A = 2.16 ft/sec/sec (1.47 mph/sec).

S1=VT= 183.3 feet.

Distance D is computed using the equation, Vf2=Ui2 + 2AD

D= (Vf2-Ui2 )/2A=(882-73.32)/2x2.16=548.86 ft

D1=S+D=183.3+548.86=732.16 ft

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The passing sight distance is the distance D2, which is defined as the distance that

the passing vehicle travels while in the left lane.

Where, V2 = 14.67 ft/sec (60mph-50mph=10 mph = relative speed of passing

vehicle with reference point on the slow vehicle).

S2 = 20 ft + 22 ft + 22 ft. + 20 ft =84 ft

S2=V2T,

T2=S2/V2=84/14.67=5.73 sec.

V = 88 ft./sec. (60 mph)

D2= VT2=88x5.73=504.24 ft

The distance, D3=250 ft. is the clearance distance between the passing vehicle and

the opposing vehicle at the moment the passing vehicle returns to the right lane.

The passing sight distance D4 is defined as the distance the opposing vehicle

travels during 66% of the time that the passing vehicle is in the left lane.

V = 88 ft./sec. (60 mph) and T4 = 3.7 seconds (5.7*66%).

D4=VT4=88*3.7=325.6 ft

The total passing sight distance, D=D1 + D2 + D3 + D4=1812 ft.

Correct Answer is (d)

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28.

A highway, with traffic normally runs at 60 mph has an inclined section with a 4%

grade, how much can the elevation of the roadway increase before the speed of the

larger vehicles is reduced to 50 mph?

a.

b.

c.

d.

28.

32

50

40

26

ft

ft

ft

ft

Solution

From Graph in the Ascending Grades module, we can see that a 4% grade causes a

reduction in speed of (60 mph-50 mph)=10 mph after 1250 feet.

We can just estimate the elevation increase by multiplying the length of the grade

by the grade.

H= 1250x0.04 = 50 ft.

The elevation of the roadway can only be increased by about 40 feet before heavy

vehicles are reduced to a speed of 50 mph.

Correct Answer is (b)

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29.

A stopping sight distance of 450 ft. is to be maintained on a sag vertical curve with

tangent grades of -3% and 0%, what should the length of the curve be? Assume a

headlight beam has an upward divergence angle of 1.

a.

b.

c.

d.

29.

465 ft

243ft

287 ft

356 ft

Solution

Beam upward divergence, B = 1

Assumed Height of the headlights, H = 2 ft

Change in grade, A = 3% (|G2-G1|

If S > L then

If S < L then (invalid because L < S)

34

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30.

A bridge is being designed to pass over a rural two-lane highway with a design

speed of 60 mph. The section of the two-lane highway where the bridge crosses

over is an 1800 foot vertical sag curve with

A = 3.5. What is the bridge clearance height?

a.

b.

c.

d.

30.

10.50 ft

12.4 ft

16.5 ft

18.6 ft

Solution

Design

Speed Km/h

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

110

120

130

140

Passing

Distance (m)

200

270

345

410

485

540

615

670

730

775

815

Design

Speed mph

20

25

30

35

40

45

50

55

60

65

70

75

Passing

Distance (ft)

710

900

1090

1280

1470

1625

1835

1985

2135

2285

2480

2580

From Green book table, passing sight distance for a design speed of 60 mph is

2,135 feet

Therefore, S=2135 ft

L=1800 ft

A=3.5

Bridge clearance height, H

Here, S> L,

S=L/2+400(H-5.75)/A=2273.17 ft

2135=1800/2+400(H-5.75)/3.5

Or, 400(M-5.75)=(2135-900)x 3.5

H=16.55 ft.

Bridge clearance height is 16.55 feet

Correct Answer is (c)

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PECivilExam.com

31.

A horizontal curve is designed with a 600 m radius and is known to have a tangent

length of 52 m. The PI is at station 200+00. Determine the stationing of the PT.

a.

b.

c.

d.

31.

PT=200+52

PT=200+80

PT=200+34

PT=199+48

Solution:

PC=PI-T=(200+00)-(0+52)=199+48

PT=PC+L=(199+48)+(1+04)=200+52

36

PECivilExam.com

32.

A racecar is speeding down a level straightaway at 100 km/hr. The car has a

coefficient of drag of 0.3, a frontal area of 1.5 m2, a weight of 10 kN, a wheelbase

of 3 meters, and a center of gravity 0.5 meters above the roadway surface, which

is 1 meter behind the front axle. The air density is 1.054 kg/m3 and the coefficient

of road adhesion is 0.6. What is the rate of acceleration for the vehicle?

a.

b.

c.

d.

32.

2.35

2.25

1.45

1.15

m/sce2

m/sce2

m/sce2

m/sce2

Solution:

Use the force balancing equation to solve for a.

Divide out mass, which can be computed from weight by dividing out gravity.

37

PECivilExam.com

Thus, divide mass from the force and acceleration can be found.

Thus, the vehicle is accelerating at a rate of 1.43 meters per second squared.

38

PECivilExam.com

V.

33.

Determine the height of water in a column that produces a gauge pressure of 16

psi.

a.

b.

c.

d.

33.

235 ft

32 ft

37 ft

998 ft

Solution:

The relationship between the height of a column of water and the resulting pressure

is 2.31 ft of water produces 1 psi.

Ht = P x 2.31 = 16 (psi) x 2.31 (ft/psi) = 36.96 ft.

Correct Answer is (c)

39

PECivilExam.com

34.

Determine the pipe friction loss of irrigation systems in 2000 ft of 10-inch diameter

Class 160 PVC pipe if the flow rate is 1000 gpm.

a.

b.

c.

d.

34.

16.4 ft

12.5 ft

8.6 ft

9.5 ft

Solution:

The Hazen-Williams equation, with C = 150 (for plastic pipes), is generally suitable

for irrigation systems and can be expressed as,

Hf = [{0.000977 x (Q)1.852}/(D)4.871] x L

Where,

Hf = Friction loss (feet)

Q = Flow rate (1000.0 gpm)

D = Diameter (10-inches)

L = Length of pipe (2000.0 feet)

Hf = [{0.000977 x (1000)1.852}/(10)4.871 ]x 1000

Hf = 9.46 ft

40

PECivilExam.com

35.

For an 10-inch Class 160 PVC pipeline that is 4000 feet long and has a flow rate of

1200 gpm, compare the potential surge pressure caused when a butterfly valve is

closed (in 10 seconds) to a gate valve that requires 30 seconds to close.

Butterfly Valve

a.

b.

c.

d.

35.

135

198

375

415

psi

psi

psi

psi

Gate Valve

45 psi

68 psi

125 psi

135 psi

Solution:

P = 0.028 (Q x L)/(D2 x T)

Where,

Q = Flow rate (1200 gpm)

D = Pipe Diameter. (10 inches)

L = Length of pipeline (4000 feet)

Tb = Time to close Butterfly valve (10 seconds)

Tg = Time to close Gate valve (30 seconds)

P = Surge pressure (psi)?

Pbv = 0.028 x (1200 x 4000) / (102 x 10)=135 psi

Surge pressure for Gate Valve (Pgv),

Pgv = 0.028 x (1200 x 4000) / (102 x 30)=45 psi

Correct Answer is (a)

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PECivilExam.com

36.

A box culvert, W=2400 mm by L=1800 mm, Q=24.0 m3/sec, supercritical flow in

culvert, the normal flow depth = brink depth is yo =1.3 m, the tail water depth is

TW=0.90 m. What is length of the energy dissipating pool if d50 /ye =0.45?

a.

b.

c.

d.

20.8 m

16.4 m

13.6 m

7.2 m

42

PECivilExam.com

36.

Solution:

W0=2400mm=2.40m

yo =ye for rectangular section, ye =1.3 m

Vo =Q/A=24.0/(2.40 x 1.3)=7.69 m/s

Fr=Vo /[(9.81)(ye )]1/2 =7.69/[(9.81)(1.3)]1/2 =2.15

TW/ye =0.9/1.3=0.69, TW/ye <0.75 O.K.

Given, d50 /ye =0.45, d50 =(0.45) (1.3)=0.58 m

From Graph hS /ye =1.6

hS =(1.3)(1.6)=2.08 m

hS /d50 =2.08/0.58 =3.58 m, 2<hS /d50 <4 OK.

The length of the energy dissipating pool is 10(hs) or 3Wo

LS =10xhs=(10)(2.08)=20.8 m

LS min=(3)(Wo)=(3)(2.4)=7.2 m,

Considering, LS =20.8 m

Correct Answer is (a)

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PECivilExam.com

37.

What is the width of a broad-crested weir to convey a river discharge that varies

between 0.15 and 30.0 m3/sec, ymax=1.75 m, ymin=1.05 m?

a.

b.

c.

d.

37.

29.0

38.0

12.0

17.0

m

m

m

m.

Solution:

44

PECivilExam.com

38.

PROBLEM

Determine the 3-hour, 2-year rainfall depth for Fulton County. Where e = 0.767, b =

40, and d = 7.6 for the 2-year frequency.

a.

b.

c.

d.

38.

4.30

1.50

3.20

2.16

inches

inches

inches

inches

Solution:

Where:

D = rainfall depth (in.)

I = design rainfall intensity (in./hr)

Td = storm duration (min.)

and

e = 0.767, b = 40, and d = 7.6

tc = 3 hours = 180 minutes

I= 0.72 in/hr

D = 0.72 x 180 / 60 = 2.16 inches

Correct Answer is (d)

45

PECivilExam.com

39.

Which of the following statements is not true for Inflow and infiltration (I/I) in

sewer systems?

a.

b.

c.

d.

39.

treatment plants;

Reduced sewer and treatment capacity leading to increased operation of

combined sewer overflows, flooding and pollution;

Increased sewer and treatment capacity restricting for future development;

Lowering of groundwater levels leading to detrimental effects on local water

resources and loss of soil into sewers causing operational problems and

structural damage.

Solution:

C is not true.

Reduced sewer and treatment capacity restricting for future development.

Correct Answer is (c)

46

PECivilExam.com

40.

A community has a population of 40,000. What would be the storage tank capacity

for fire flow?

a.

b.

c.

d.

40.

1.2

3.6

4.5

2.2

MG

MG

MG

MG

Solution:

P=40,000

The fire flow is calculated as follows:

Fire flow (gpm) =

Where "P" is the population in 1,000's of people. So, for our community with a

population of 40,000, the fire flow would be:

Capacity, Q = Fire flow Duration

Capacity, Q = 6,043 gpm 360 minutes

Capacity, Q = 2,175,480 gal

The storage tank must thus have a fire flow capacity of 2.2 million gallons.

--------------------END---------------------------------------

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