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Triple Play and IPTV

over
Gigabit Ethernet PON (GEPON)

Alloptic, Inc. Proprietary

What is GEPON?
Triple play and multi-play platform
IPTV over GEPON
Topologies and Applications
Reference sites

Alloptic, Inc. Proprietary

Page 2

June 22, 2005

What is GEPON?

Alloptic, Inc. Proprietary

What is GEPON?
Gigabit Ethernet PON
EPON at gigabit speeds
Other types of PON
APON
BPON
EPON
GPON
Alloptic, Inc. Proprietary

Page 4

June 22, 2005

GEPON
Gigabit PON technologies have emerged to support high-capacity,
Triple-Play PON systems.
GEPON:
Standard Ethernet (IEEE 802.3) supports FSAN QoS and
SLA capabilities
ability to scale
QoS aware Ethernet switch fabrics
current bandwidth of 1.25 Gbps symmetrical (1 Gig
symmetrical fully usable)
the most cost effective method to aggregate 1-Gigabit ports
for transport
Supports multicast IPTV and features (like IGMP)
Customers are successfully using IPTV over GEPON today.
Alloptic, Inc. Proprietary

Page 5

June 22, 2005

Bandwidth Comparison

Alloptic
FTTH

Alloptic, Inc. Proprietary

Cable Modem
ADSL2+
Dial-Up

Page 6

June 22, 2005

Why Gigabit Ethernet PON- IEEE PON?


Simple and Reliable
Passive design- PON is chosen for P-MP broadcast of IP/RF
video as well as reduced cost for network deployment.
Ethernet, most successful communications technology in the last
25 years. Variable packet size optimized for data/IP applications.
Scalable and Secure
Most scalable design (10MB, 100MB) 1000MB, 10 Gig
Today, single mode fiber can easily carry 40Gb/s over one
wavelength. IEEE PON supports CWDM wavelength applications
Cost Effective
+ B +future
C = Success
Fiber optic cable is theAonly
proof communications medium
Eliminates field electronics and expensive controlled
environmental vaults to house electronics.
Alloptic, Inc. Proprietary

Page 7

June 22, 2005

Internationally GE PON-IEEE is being selected


Korea has selected GE PON for Nation wide deployment
China has selected GE PON for field trials in 2005
Japan has moved from 100Mbps Ethernet and BPON to GE PON
has the largest base of GE PON deployed
British Telecom has dropped plans for BPON product deployment
with their move to IP network.
GE PON products have been steadily replacing product selection
process with local manufactures inside Asian countries with EPON
products- favored vendor status.
Chip based EPON products have 3 chip vendors (+ more) to drive
costs down for ONUs. All IP services.
Influences world wide purchase toward GE PON
Alloptic, Inc. Proprietary

Page 8

June 22, 2005

Triple Play and Multi Play


over
GEPON

Alloptic, Inc. Proprietary

Voice, Data, Video and More more from a Single Platform


Build a transparent pipe that is capable of supporting all services
Address: Enterprise, Residential, and National Security Concerns
Voice Services: True TDM Services, E1 Services, and VoIP
E1 service is the most prevalent service offering to businesses today
TDM Voice meets Class 5 switch Full Feature set- Carrier Class voice
TDM and VOIP voice meets- Meets Emergency Service, Government
wire tapping and MAC ID traceable requirements.
High Speed Data Services
High Speed Internet Access to 100Mbps per port
High Speed Business Services
VLAN Tagging, Encryption, VPNs, Transparent LAN services
64 Kbps bandwidth Minimum and Maximum Upstream/Downstream
Multi-carrier Video Services
RF and/or Satellite services supported on single fiber (CWDM overlay)
HFC functions- RF video, DOCSIS Return Path, Cable Modem + VOIP
Proprietary
IP VideoAlloptic, Inc.
PageIP
10 Multicast and IGMP Snooping (HDTV IP Video service) June 22, 2005

IPTV over GEPON

Alloptic, Inc. Proprietary

IPTV over GEPON


GEPON archecture can allow for economies on IPTV
bandwith
GEPON archecture allows for scaleable bandwith per
user.
Supports Multicast
Used for broadcast video. One video stream can be shared
between multiple video consumers. Each video channel is
provided using a specific multicast group address.

Supports Unicast
Used for On Demand services and supports a single stream for a
single user

Alloptic, Inc. Proprietary

Page 12

June 22, 2005

IPTV over GEPON

Alloptic Network
STB

tv

STB

tv

32

STB

tv

xx

STB

tv

01
All channels
Always streaming

Ethernet
switch

olt

scm
Bandwidth =
Ch1+Ch2+Ch3

olt

Each channel is 1 multicast group address


The STB requests a channel by joining a multicast group
If 2 users watch the same channel, they both get added to the same group
Change channels by leaving one group, and joining another group
Alloptic, Inc. Proprietary

Page 13

June 22, 2005

IGMP Proxy and Snooping


IGMP
This is the protocol used by set-top boxes to connect to a specific
channel in the Video server

Snooping
A passive method whereby the access network (ONTs and
ONUs) simply performs a relay function for the messages.

Proxy
An active method where the access network (OLTs and ONUs)
will process all requests from downstream (STBs, or ONUs) and
present its own requests upstream.

Alloptic, Inc. Proprietary

Page 14

June 22, 2005

IGMP Proxy and Snooping Advantages

Only channels requested for viewing use bandwith


Bandwith consolidated at IGMP proxy points (ONT and ONU)
It improves the performance of channel change times
It reduces the processing load on the upstream multi-layer switch
The IGMP managed ethernet port (at the ONU) eliminates broadcast
storms within the home and improves channel change times

It is important to chose equipment that supports this

Alloptic, Inc. Proprietary

Page 15

June 22, 2005

IGMP Proxy and Snooping


1. Request channel purple tv012
2. Request channel purple tv321
3. Request channel purple tv011

Alloptic Network

4. Request channel purple tvXX1

STB

tv

STB

tv

32

STB

tv

xx

STB

tv

5. Change to red channel on tv011


01
All channels
Always streaming

Ethernet
switch

olt

scm
Bandwidth =
Ch1+Ch2+Ch3

olt

Alloptic, Inc. Proprietary

Page 16

June 22, 2005

IP Video Topology

Alloptic, Inc. Proprietary

Page 17

June 22, 2005

MIKROKOM IPTV
DEMO SETUP

Alloptic, Inc. Proprietary

Page 18

June 22, 2005

Top 10 IPTV Tips


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

Be careful about BPON; does not support IPTV


Be careful about GPON; unproven with IPTV
Use a proven IPTV vendor
Beware of the bandwidth requirements of multicast streams
Select routing/switching technology that supports IPTV
Use multi-port ONUs. Residental Gateways are expensive & troublesome
Pick a good STB vendor with proven IPTV experience
Ensure you Conditional Access, Digital Rights Management, Middleware
and STB work together
9. Consider before developing your own middleware
10. Get people with proven IPTV experience to implement

Provided by Stephen Davies, Titan ICT Consultants, Australia

Alloptic, Inc. Proprietary

Page 19

June 22, 2005

Topologies and Applications

Alloptic, Inc. Proprietary

Products to Cover All Market Segments

Alloptic, Inc. Proprietary

Page 21

June 22, 2005

home applications
Up to 4 POTS lines
Up to 100Mb data service
IP or RF Video
Single Family Home

Mini MDU 3 homes

switch
switch

DSL
DSL

BPL
BPL

VDSL
VDSL

Data Transport
Alloptic, Inc. Proprietary

Page 22

June 22, 2005

MDU Applications
MTU high density multi-tenant business
PBX for building

Distribution amp

MDU high density residential


Voice (via channel banks)
Data (100BaseT CAT5)
Video (IP Video & RF broadcast)

Tel wiring

Voice T1 trunks to PBX


Data (100BaseT CAT5)
Broadcast TV (coax)

Coax cable

Coax cable

Channel bank
T1/E1 interfaces

Alloptic, Inc. Proprietary

Page 23

Distribution amp

June 22, 2005

High Density MDU Applications


Using MDU can cut switch costs and reduce wiring.
Small, inexpensive data switches are distributed near living units
(hallway or utility space) short CAT5 run to subscriber

Subscriber 1

24x 100mbps
CAT5 100 meters

Up to 192
Homes/Bldg
1 x 10mbps
CAT5 100 meters

CPE

8 port switch 1
8 port switch 2

MDU 224
24 data ports

8 port switch 23
PON optical fiber

Alloptic, Inc. Proprietary

8 port switch 24

Page 24

Potentially one 8 port


switch per floor
June 22, 2005

DSL Applications
Residential fiber to the curb
Voice via Channel Banks
Data (LRE 1KM over existing CAT3 pairs
IP TV (single HD channel/home)

Splitter/combiner
Pedestal

Telephone line

Home media converters

CAT 3 cable

Overbuild high-density residential


Voice (via channel banks)
Data (over phone lines 15mbps
Video (IP Video & RF broadcast)

Coax cable

Home media converters


CAT 3 cable

Alloptic, Inc. Proprietary

Page 25

Distribution amp

June 22, 2005

Fiber backhaul applications


Campus data distribution
Voice (via channel banks or VoIP)
Data 100mbps P to P Optical
Fiber MM, SM, single fiber using SFP
modules
VLAN support for multi-tenant services

Campus
SM, MM fiber cable

FTTH P to P back-haul using PON

Voice (via VoIP in IAD


Data 100mbps P to P Optical SFP modules
MM, SM, single fiber compatible media converter
support
Video IP video

Router/switch for local service

SM, MM fiber cable

Home media converters

Point to point up to 80KM


Alloptic, Inc. Proprietary

Page 26

June 22, 2005

Typical GEPON Network


Passive Optical
Network

Central Office/NOC

Customer Premise
Equipment

IP Network
bizGEAR 200
RF Video
Head End

IP Video
Head End

ISP

SLOT 1

S MFX001

Slo t 3

AVOID E XP OSURE
LAS ER L IGHT IS EM ITTED
F ROM THIS APE RTURE

PORT 1

P ORT 2

P ORT 3

POR T

S LOT 3

P OR T

SLOT 2
T1/E1

DS1

10/100 ETHERNET

S LOT 4
10 /100 E THERNET

Slo t 4
1

G ROUND

P ORT 4

Slo t 2

D IAGNOST IC

ALARM

XC VR2

XCVR1

P OWER

XCVR1

POWER

PONMA C 00 :0 3:d0:20:00:a4

Soft Switch
DS1
Ethernet
L2/3

DS1 Channel Bank


TDM

Aggregation Device

Router
Data

PBX
Voice

Redundant 1000BaseFX

edgeGEAR 2000 Chassis


mduGEAR 224 ONU

Splitter

Ethernet
Set Top Box

Up to 32 ONUs per PON


Ethernet

TDM

Up to 16 PONs per Chassis

IP Video

VOIP Phone

Data

homeGEAR ONU

OSS
Network

PSTN Switch
DCS

OAM&P

RF Video
Optical
Receiver

Ethernet
Data
GigaVu Browser

Alloptic, Inc. Proprietary

Set Top Box

TP

GEMS

Page 27

RF Video

POTS

June 22, 2005

Data Topology
"WAN"
SONET
OC3
T1
Handoff
TCP/IP

Wide Area
Ethernet

Core Router
Ethernet VLAN Tags

Optical
Interface

10/100 BaseT
Interfaces

Standard Pluggable
Form Factor Receivers

Edge Device/
Switch/Router

or 10/100 RJ 45

Edge 200
R
R

T1/E 1
1

4
S LOT 1

S MFX0 01

B ITS
1 0/1 10/10 1
1G
00
E
0 2 GE
2
1
1

Slot 3

A VOID EXPO SURE


LASER L IGH T IS EM ITT ED
F ROM THIS APERTURE

MA

JO

MIN
R OR

A LA RM
OU TPUT
1
2

INPUT
2

P OWE R
SEC
-4 8 RT N

P RI
-4 8 RT N

POR T 1

P ON 1

V IDEO 1

PON 2

POR T 2

P OR T 3

PO R T

1GE
1

1GE
2

D IA G

MGMT

COM

48 V DC 1.5A

LINK

INP UT

S LO T 3

POR T

LAN

S LO T 4

S LOT 2

G ROUND

10 /100 E THER NET

Slot 4

DS1

10/100 ETHERNET

D IAGNO STIC

ALARM

PO WER

XC VR2

XCVR1

PO WER

XCVR1

LIN K
1

PO NMA C 00 :0 3:d0:2 0: 00 :a 4

ONU
LC

T1/ E1

Sl ot 2

10/100
2

P OR T 4

V IDEO 2

INP UT
10/100
1

tagged or
untagged

Small Pluggable Form


Factor Connectors

Gigabit Ethernet

Alloptic, Inc. Proprietary

Page 28

June 22, 2005

Analog Voice Topology

T1/E1

T1/E1

Class 5 Switch

Demarc

E1 signal interface

Edge 200

R
R

T1/E1
1

BITS
1 10/1 1 1
0/1
00 00 2 GE GE
1 2
1

M M
AJ INOR
OR

ALARM
OUTPUT
1
2

INPUT
1
2

POWER
SEC
PRI
-48RTN -48RTN

PON 1

VIDEO 1

PON 2

VIDEO 2

INPUT
10/100
1

10/100
2

1GE
1

1GE
2

DIAG

MGMT

COM

48 VDC 1.5A

LINK

INPUT
LINK

up to 20km

DS0
FTTH
SLOT 1

SMFX001

SLOT 3

Slot 3

AVOID EXPOSURE
LASER LIGHT IS EMITTED
FROM THIS APERTURE

PORT 1

PORT 1

PORT 1PORT 2PORT 3


PORT 4
SLOT 2
Slot 2

T1/E1

Slot 4
1

GROUND

DS1

10/100 ETHERNET

DIAGNOSTIC

ALARM

POWER

SLOT 4

10/100 ETHERNET
1

XCVR2 XCVR1 POWER

XCVR1

PONMAC 00:03:d0:20:00:a4

DS1

FTTB
Alloptic, Inc. Proprietary

Page 29

June 22, 2005

VoIP Topology
WAN
Bulk Provider

Soft Switch/
VOIP Server

Class 5 switch

Layer 3 Router
Ethernet

Edge Device
Layer 3 Switch

edgeGEAR 2000 Chassis

homeGEAR ONU

PON

PON
Port

10/100

RJ11
Voice

IAD

VoIP
Standard
Telephone

Gigabit Optical
Alloptic, Inc. Proprietary

Page 30

June 22, 2005

RF Video Topology
Providers

Satellite dish

Off Air

Decoder

Cable TV
Demodulator/
Combiner
R/F

Stored Content-Digital Components

RF Amplifier

Coax

Transmitter
E to O Converter

1550nm

Optical

Optical

EDFA

R
R

T1/E 1
1

BITS
10 10/10
1G 1G
/10
0 1 0 2 E 1 E2

MA MI
JO NO
R
R

A LA RM
OUTPUT
1
2

INPUT
2

P OWE R
SEC
-4 8 RTN

PRI
-4 8RTN

PON 1

VIDEO 1

PON 2

VIDEO 2

INPUT
10/100
1

10/100
2

1GE
1

1GE
2

DIA G

MGMT

COM

48 VDC 1.5A

LINK

INPUT
LINK

3 Lambdas
RF Optical Receiver-O to E Converter
2 301 Arms t ron g S tree t
L vi erm ore, C A 94551
9 25-245-7601
w ww. All opti c.c om

RFO UT

tvGear Receiver

P/N 790-0046
OP T ICAL
INP UT

Optical Alarm

Power

12 VDC 0. 5A

ONU with WDM


1390nm
1410nm

RG6 Coax
Television

Alloptic, Inc. Proprietary

Page 31

June 22, 2005

RF Video with Return Path


WAN

TV Content

Coax

C
o
m
b
i Coax
n
e
r

UTP

Server

Switch

UTP

CMTS

1550nm

Transmitter

EDFA

WDM
1310nm
Optical
Splitter

Receiver

Coax
Coax
1310nm

RF Optical
Transceiver

1310/1550nm
18CT

Coax
Splitter

coax
Television

Set Top Box

Cable Modem

Alloptic, Inc. Proprietary

Page 32

Computer

June 22, 2005

IP

IPTV References

Alloptic, Inc. Proprietary

OEN, USA
Houston Texas: Optical Entertainment Network

Alloptic, Inc. Proprietary

Page 34

June 22, 2005

Perth, Australia: CES


IPTV in service for over a year and a half
50K homes under contract
Tandberg Headend
Dublin, Ireland: Smart Telecom
IPTV in service for over a year
Minerva Headend and Amino STB
South Africa: Lonmin Mines
Secuity cameras using IP video upstream
Over 600 cameras deployed
Alloptic, Inc. Proprietary

Page 35

June 22, 2005

China
Wuhan China Optical Valley (COV) YOFC FTTH
Project
170 Homes with IPTV since 2004

Sichuan China Netcom


500 homes with IPTV for a year

Shandong Zibo CATV Project


140 homes with IPTV for over a year

Shanghai University
IPTV for a year and a half

Alloptic, Inc. Proprietary

Page 36

June 22, 2005

Thank You !

Additional Information on Alloptic equipment is


available on request

Alloptic, Inc. Proprietary