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Contractor Safety Management System Soehatman Ramli
Contractor Safety Management System
Contractor Safety
Management System

Soehatman Ramli

Latar Belakang Kontraktor merupakan unsur penting dalam perusahaan sebagai mitra yang membantu kegiatan operasi
Latar Belakang
Kontraktor merupakan unsur penting
dalam perusahaan sebagai mitra yang
membantu kegiatan operasi perusahaan
K
t
kt
t
k
i

K Kontraktor Jasa Kontraktor Operasi

on ra

or

ons ru

s

Latar Belakang Kontraktor rawan terhadap kecelakaan dalam menjalankan kegiatannya
Latar Belakang
Kontraktor rawan terhadap kecelakaan dalam
menjalankan kegiatannya

Tenaga Kontraktor bersifat sementara Pekerja kasar dan pendidikan lebih rendah Tingkat disiplin dalam bekerja kurang Pemahaman tentang peraturan K3 perusahaan rendah Terlibat langsung dalam pelaksanaan pekerjaan sehingga lebih banyak terpapar bahaya.

rendah Terlibat langsung dalam pelaksanaan pekerjaan sehingga lebih banyak terpapar bahaya. soehatman ramli2008 3
Latar Belakang
Latar Belakang

Kecelakaan yang menimpa kontraktor tinggi. Kelalaian yang dilakukan kontraktor dapat menimbulkan bahaya bagi operasi perusahaan dan menimbulkan kecelakaan yang mempengaruhi kinerja K3 perusahaan. Kegiatan Kontraktor harus dikelola dengan baik untuk menjamin keselamatan dalam setiap kegiatan kerja kontraktor. Pengelolaan Kontraktor melalui Contractor Safety Management System (CSMS)

kerja kontraktor. Pengelolaan Kontraktor melalui Contractor Safety Management System (CSMS) soehatman ramli2008 4
CSMS
CSMS

CSMS adalah suatu sistem manajemen untuk mengelola kontraktor yang bekerja di lingkungan perusahaan. CSMS merupakan sistem komprehensif dalam pengelolaan kontraktor sejak tahap perencanaan sampai pelaksanaan pekerjaan

komprehensif dalam pengelolaan kontraktor sejak tahap perencanaan sampai pelaksanaan pekerjaan soehatman ramli2008 5
Pola Kontraktor
Pola Kontraktor
Perusahaan Main Contractor Main Contractor Sub Contractor Sub Contractor Pekerja
Perusahaan
Main Contractor
Main Contractor
Sub Contractor
Sub Contractor
Pekerja

Main Contractor

Sub Contractor

Partnership
Partnership
CLIENT CONTRACTORS SUB-CONTRACTORS
CLIENT
CONTRACTORS
SUB-CONTRACTORS
RiskRisk &&

RiskRisk &&

RiskRisk &&
HazardsHazards

HazardsHazards

HazardsHazards
involveinvolve inin

involveinvolve inin

involveinvolve inin
TaskTask

TaskTask

TaskTask

OutOut PutPut withwith AccidentAccident FreeFree

Contractor Safety Management System ManagementManagement RiskRisk SafeSafe WorkWork ProtectionProtection
Contractor Safety Management System
ManagementManagement
RiskRisk
SafeSafe WorkWork
ProtectionProtection
CommitmentCommitment
AssessmentAssessment
PracticesPractices
DevicesDevices
Hubungan dengan Kontraktor
Hubungan dengan Kontraktor

Company OHSMS

OHS ELEMEN

CONTRACTOR OHSMS

CSMS

OHS ELEMEN

CSMS sebagai jembatan untuk menghubungkan OHSMS Perusahaan dengan OHSMS Kontraktor

Manfaat CSMS
Manfaat CSMS

CSMS menjembatani OHSMS Perusahaan dengan OHSMS kontraktor – Perusahaan memberikan persyaratan yang harus dipenuhi oleh OHSMS Kontraktor Untuk itu, perusahaan harus memiliki OHSMS yang baik, sehingga dapat memberikan kerangka dasar bagi pengembangan OHSMS Kontraktor Melalui pendekatan OHSAS 18001 – CSMS adalah bagian dari elemen 4.4.6. Operational Control Operational Control memiliki korelasi dengan keseluruhan elemen dalam OHSAS 18001, tidak berdiri sendiri

Control memiliki korelasi dengan keseluruhan elemen dalam OHSAS 18001, tidak berdiri sendiri soehatman ramli2008 9
Tujuan CSMS
Tujuan CSMS

Untuk meyakinkan bahwa kontraktor yang bekerja dilingkungan perusahaan telah memenuhi standar dan kriteria K3 yang ditetapkan perusahaan. Sebagai alat untuk menjaga dan meningkatkan kinerja Keselamatan di lingkungan kontraktor Untuk mencegah dan menghindarkan kerugian yang timbul akibat aktivitas kerja kontraktor

Untuk mencegah dan menghindarkan kerugian yang timbul akibat aktivitas kerja kontraktor soehatman ramli2008 10
CONTRACTOR SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (CSMS)
CONTRACTOR SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (CSMS)
CONTRACTOR SAFETY
MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (CSMS)
CONTRACTOR SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (CSMS)
H&SMS

H&SMS

H&SMS

Field

Implementation

phase

Pre Job Activity

Work in Progress

Final Evaluation

CSMS

Contract

Award

Administration

phase

Risk Assessment

Pre-Qualification

Pre-Qualification

Selection

Struktur CSMS CSMS terdiri dari 6 langkah yang terbagi 2 tahapan sebagai berikut : Tahap
Struktur CSMS
CSMS terdiri dari 6 langkah yang terbagi 2
tahapan sebagai berikut :
Tahap Administrasi

Risk Assessment Prakualifikasi Seleksi

Tahap Implementasi

Pre-Job Activity

Pelaksanaan Pekerjaan

Evaluasi

Tahapan CSMS
Tahapan CSMS

Administratif

Implementasi

Pra-0Kualifikasi

Pra-0Kualifikasi

Pra-0Kualifikasi Seleksi
Pra-0Kualifikasi Seleksi

Seleksi

Risk Assessment

Pre-Job Activity

Job in progress

Proses Kontrak

Evaluasi

CSMS Introduction Risk Assessment – determine appropriate level of Company involvement Pre-qualification –
CSMS Introduction
Risk Assessment – determine appropriate level of
Company involvement
Pre-qualification – qualify Contractors
Selection – select Contractors
Pre-job Planning Activities – verif
that Contractors

y

are familiar with the facility, personnel, and relevant work to be performed

Work In Progress – monitor Contractors while work is in progress Final Evaluation and Close-out – evaluate Contractor safety performance

Data Base Purchasing Contractor H&S Team Project Mgr Risk Contracted Risk Assessment Assessment work
Data Base
Purchasing
Contractor
H&S Team
Project Mgr
Risk
Contracted
Risk Assessment
Assessment
work
Required?
Review
Invitation
Fill Safety
Check
Verification
Pre
Pre Qualification
For
Sub Con
Score Safety
Qualification
bidding
Requirement
Data
form
Select
Contract
Selection
winner
award
Arrange
Job Safety
Pre Job Activity
Pre job
Checklist
Meeting
Implement
Regular
Safety
Work in Progress
Safety
Program
Inspection
Review
Up date
Final Evaluation
Reporting
Safety
Sub Con
performance
Data

soehatman ramli2008

16

1. Risk Assessment
1. Risk Assessment
1. Risk Assessment
1. Risk Assessment
Risk Assessment
Risk Assessment

Bertujuan untuk mengetahui tingkat resiko suatu pekerjaan yang akan diserahkan kepada kontraktor. Untuk menyesuaikan potensi bahaya dengan kemampuan kontraktor menjalankan pekerjaan dengan aman Sebagai dasar menentukan krioteria kontraktor yang sesuai melaksanakan pekerjaan

dengan aman Sebagai dasar menentukan krioteria kontraktor yang sesuai melaksanakan pekerjaan soehatman ramli2008 18
Penentuan Resiko
Penentuan Resiko

Sifat Pekerjaan Lokasi Kerja Potensi bahaya di tempat kerja Potensi/kualifikasi kontraktor Pekerjaan simultan Lamanya pekerjaan Pengalaman dan keahlian kontraktor

kontraktor Pekerjaan simultan Lamanya pekerjaan Pengalaman dan keahlian kontraktor soehatman ramli2008 19
Klasifikasi Resiko Resiko diukur dan diberi peringkat :
Klasifikasi Resiko
Resiko diukur dan diberi peringkat :

Rendah Medium Tinggi Klasifikasi Impak Resiko Personnel Safety and Health Risks Business Impacts

Tinggi Klasifikasi Impak Resiko Personnel Safety and Health Risks Business Impacts soehatman ramli2008 20
Klasifikasi Pekerjaan Pekerjaan kontraktor diklasifikasikan menurut tingkat risiko/bahaya Pekerjaan diklasifikasi
Klasifikasi Pekerjaan
Pekerjaan kontraktor diklasifikasikan
menurut tingkat risiko/bahaya
Pekerjaan diklasifikasi atas :

1.

Risiko Tinggi (H)

2. Risiko Sedang (M)

3. Risiko Rendah (L)

- Nilai Min 80 - Nilai Min 70

- Nlai Min

60

Jenis Pekerjaan dan Resiko
Jenis Pekerjaan dan Resiko

N0.

Type of Contract

Likelihood

Severity

Overall

Relative Risk

1.

Tank Cleaning

B

3

H

2.

Compressor overhaul

C

3

H

3

.

Fabrication and Construction

C

3

H

4.

Cleaning Services

C

1

L

5.

Building Maintenance

C

2

M

6.

Plant TA

     

7.

       
2. Pre Qualification
2. Pre Qualification
2. Pre Qualification
2. Pre Qualification
Prakualifikasi
Prakualifikasi

Untuk melakukan seleksi awal kontraktor yang memenuhi persyaratan K3 untuk melakukan pekerjaan. Mengevaluasi atas dasar daftar isian yang diserahkan kontraktor tentang persyaratan administratif, pengalaman dalam K3, organisasi K3, personnel K3 yang dimiliki, record K3 di proyek sebelumnya, Manual K3 yang dimiliki, serta referensi yang pernah diperoleh.

record K3 di proyek sebelumnya, Manual K3 yang dimiliki, serta referensi yang pernah diperoleh. soehatman ramli2008
Pre-Qualification Objective: to perform a review of a Contractor’s financial viability and ability to perform
Pre-Qualification
Objective: to perform a review of a Contractor’s
financial viability and ability to perform the work
safely, technically correct, commerciality and on time
Method:
Information
concerning
the
Contractor’s
capabilities in HSE areas

Key Points:

Identify scope of work & establish contract strategy

Identify bidders

Perform HSE assessment

Identify areas needing improving

Approve Contractor & make arrangements

PRE-QUALIFICATION PROCESS PekerjaanPekerjaan BerdasarkanBerdasarkan ResikoResiko
PRE-QUALIFICATION PROCESS
PekerjaanPekerjaan
BerdasarkanBerdasarkan
ResikoResiko

NN

DiskualifikasiDiskualifikasi DiskualifikasiDiskualifikasi ResikoResiko TinTin gggg i?i? NN NN YY
DiskualifikasiDiskualifikasi
DiskualifikasiDiskualifikasi
ResikoResiko
TinTin
gggg
i?i?
NN
NN
YY
VerifikasiVerifikasi
SyaratSyarat
YY
YY
PerluPerlu
LapanganLapangan
YY
DokumenDokumen
LulusLulus ??
LulusLulus ??
TENDERTENDER
PQPQ ??
(Audit(Audit &&
HSEHSE PQPQ
Inspeksi)Inspeksi)
NN
Sistem Penilaian Sistem scoring berdasarkan elemen-elemen dalam questioner yang meliputi : 1. Policy Statement 2.
Sistem Penilaian
Sistem scoring berdasarkan elemen-elemen dalam questioner yang
meliputi :
1. Policy Statement
2. Emergency Response Procedures
3. Basic Safety Rules (Safety Manual)
4. Accident Reporting Procedure
5. New Employee Orientation Program
6. Safety Meeting Program

7. Safety Training Program

8. Safety Inspection Program

9. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) 10. Equipment & Materials Management 11. Professional Safety Support 12. Industrial Hygiene 13. Environmental 14. Statistical I & I Data 15. Incident Investigation 16. Sub-Contractors

Contoh Sistem Penilaian Kontraktor A B C D COMMENT A. PRIMARY FACTORS 0 3 7
Contoh Sistem Penilaian Kontraktor
A
B
C
D
COMMENT
A. PRIMARY FACTORS
0
3
7
10
0
3
7
10
0
3
7
10
0
3
7
10
0
3
7
10
0
3
7
10
0
3
7
10
0
3
7
10

Policy Statement Emergency Response Procedures Basic Safety Rules (Safety Manual) Accident Reporting Procedure New Employee Orientation Program Safety Meeting Program Safety Training Program Safety Inspection Program Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Equipment & Materials Management Total Rating

B. SECONDARY FACTORS

Professional Safety Support Industrial Hygiene Environmental Statistical I & I Data Incident Investigation Sub-Contractors Total Rating

0

3

7

10

0

3

7

10

+ +

 

+

X

0.70 = Rating

 

A

B

C

D

COMMENT

0

5

11

15

0

6

14

20

0

6

14

20

0

3

7

10

0

5

11

15

0

6

14

20

+ +

 

+

X

0.30 = Rating

Sistem Peringkat
Sistem Peringkat

Pekerjaan

Risk

Kategori

Phasing

Grade

Pass

Tinggi

80

Sedang

70

Rendah

60

3. Selection
3. Selection
3. Selection
3. Selection
Seleksi
Seleksi

Menentukan kontraktor yang akan melaksanakan pekerjaan sesuai dengan proses penunjukan atau pelelangan yang berlaku. Prakualifikasi aspek K3 sebagai salah satu unsur menentukan pemenang.

pelelangan yang berlaku. Prakualifikasi aspek K3 sebagai salah satu unsur menentukan pemenang. soehatman ramli2008 31
Selection Objective: to choose the Contractor that is most likely to perform the work safely,
Selection
Objective: to choose the Contractor that is most
likely to perform the work safely, economically,
technically correct with minimum company
supervision, and in a timely manner
Method:
Communicate
information
of HSE
requirement and risk associated to Contractor in the

bid documents and pre-bid meetings Key Points:

Distribute proposal

Contractor submits bid

Review bid

Award Contract

4. Contract Award
4. Contract Award
4. Contract Award
4. Contract Award
Penunjukan Kontraktor
Penunjukan Kontraktor

Berdasarkan hasil evaluasi ditentukan pemenang atau pelaksana pekerjaan Dokumentasi dan persyaratan kontrak Organisasi pelaksana Kick of meeting

pekerjaan Dokumentasi dan persyaratan kontrak Organisasi pelaksana Kick of meeting soehatman ramli2008 34
5. Pre Job Activities
5. Pre Job Activities
5. Pre Job Activities
5. Pre Job Activities
Pre-Job Planning Activities
Pre-Job Planning Activities

Pre Job Activities Dilaksanakan setelah pemenang/pelaksana pekerjaan ditetapkan. Dilaksanakan kegiatan awal sebagai
Pre Job Activities
Dilaksanakan setelah pemenang/pelaksana pekerjaan
ditetapkan.
Dilaksanakan kegiatan awal sebagai persiapan
sebelum pekerjaan dijalankan meliputi antara lain :

Pertemuan pendahuluan membahas rencana kerja. Menentukan strategi pelaksanaan pekerjaan Menentukan persyaratan perijinan yang diperlukan Menentukan persyaratan tenaga kerja yang diperlukan. Menentukan sistem pengawasan selama pekerjaan berlangsung.

Memberikan kesempatan kepada kontraktor untuk mengenal dan familiar dengan lokasi dan aktivitas yang akan dikerjakan serta kondisi setempat serta interaksi selama pekerjaan berlangsung

6. Work in Progress
6. Work in Progress
6. Work in Progress
6. Work in Progress
Pelaksanaan Pekerjaan
Pelaksanaan Pekerjaan

Program K3 diimplementasikan pada saat kegiatan kerja berlangsung. Kontraktor melakukan upaya pencegahan kecelakaan dalam setiap langkah kegiatannya sesuai dengan sifat dan jenis bahaya yang ada Program K3 yang dijalankan disesuaikan dengan skala pekerjaan, tingkat resiko dan jumlah tenaga kerja yang dipekerjakan. Key Points:

HSE performance report Inspection Incident reporting Emergency drills.

7. Final Evaluation
7. Final Evaluation
7. Final Evaluation
7. Final Evaluation
Evaluasi
Evaluasi

Hasil CSMS harus dievaluasi secara berkala , khususnya setelah suatu pekerjaan kontrak selesai. Hasil evaluasi digunakan untuk menilai kinerja kontraktor. Sebagai masukan untuk meningkatkan program CSMS dalam perusahaan. Dibentuk tim evaluasi yang melibatkan semua unsur terkait dalam perusahaan. Key Points:

HSE close-out report & final evaluation

Feedback

Persyaratan CSMS
Persyaratan CSMS
Persyaratan CSMS
Persyaratan CSMS
Lingkup CSMS Kontraktor
Lingkup CSMS Kontraktor
PERSYARATAN OWNER SMK3L KONTRAKTOR HSE MANUAL KONTRAKTOR PROSEDUR INSTRUKSI KERJA
PERSYARATAN
OWNER
SMK3L
KONTRAKTOR
HSE MANUAL
KONTRAKTOR
PROSEDUR
INSTRUKSI
KERJA

HSE

PLAN

soehatman ramli2008

IMPLEMEN

TASI

Elemen2

A B C D 17.POLICY No written A policy Safety policy Policy clearly establishes STATEMENT
A
B
C
D
17.POLICY
No written
A
policy
Safety policy
Policy clearly establishes
STATEMENT
Safety policy
statement
exists but not
in
a widely
distributed
established
responsibility for
safety, but not
widely distributed.
document.
responsibility and
accountability and is
distributed to all
employees with periodic
updates.
18. EMERGENCY
RESPONSE
No written
Basic
Emergency
procedures
Response.
only.
Emergency
procedures written
for major scenarios,
e.g.
fires/explosions,
release of toxic or
flammable materials
and medical
emergencies. No
requirements
established for drill
frequencies.
Emergency procedures
for all major scenarios,
e.g. fire/explosion, H2S
release, evacuation.
Procedures documented
in an Emergency
Procedures Manual
which is widely
distributed. Frequency
of conducting drills
established.
A B C D 19.BASIC SAFETY RULES (SAFETY MANUAL) No written Safety rules Safety have
A
B
C
D
19.BASIC SAFETY
RULES (SAFETY
MANUAL)
No written
Safety rules
Safety
have been
Safety rules exist in
handbook form, distributed
manual.
developed in
written form.
Safety rules are
incorporated in Safety
Manual, but not in a
format which is
distributed to
employees.
to employees. Disciplinary
action procedures
established for infraction of
rules.
20.ACCIDENT
No written
REPORTING
Accident
Reporting
Procedures.
Written
procedures
requiring basic
reporting of
personal injuries
only.
Written procedures
requiring reports on all
accidents and
incidents.
Procedures require accident
reports to be provided to
Operator's representative.
Supervisor investigation
required to determine and
correct root causes.
21.NEW EMPLOYEE
ORIENTATION
PROGRAM
No formal
program.
Verbal
instructions on
Company
procedures only.
Orientation booklet
provided for new
employee, but no on-
the-job orientation by
the supervisor.
Language barriers are
recognised.
Employee handbook
provided and supervisor
outlines, explains and
demonstrates new
employee's job. Follow- up
observation of the new
employee at work is
included. Employee has had
safe practices and
emergency duties
explained. Multi-lingual
program.
A B C D 22.SAFETY MEETING PROGRAM No formal program. Periodic safety meetings for special
A
B
C
D
22.SAFETY MEETING
PROGRAM
No formal
program.
Periodic safety
meetings for
special
operations only.
Safety meetings
performed on a
regularly scheduled
basis by the
supervisor or safety
representative.
In addition to "B" employees
are assigned topics to
discuss on a rotational
basis.
23.SAFETY TRAINING
PROGRAM
No safety
On-site basic
training
safety training
established.
conducted
occasionally.
Safety training is given
for specialised
operations, but no
routine training
conducted.
Formal safety training
programs have been
developed and are
conducted on a regular
basis. Retraining periods
are established.
No inspection
program
24.SAFETY
INSPECTION
A written program
outlining inspection
guidelines,
responsibilities,
frequency and follow-
up is in effect.
In addition to "B", periodic
inspections are conducted
by top management or by
teams of specialists.
PROGRAM
Plan relies on
outside sources,
i.e. insurance
company
inspections. No
supervisory
inspection of
work place.
A B C 25. PROFESSIONAL None on staff. No
A
B
C
25. PROFESSIONAL
None on staff. No

SAFETY

SUPPORT

assignment to any specific person.

Safety is assigned to a specific person on location.

Safety professional on staff. Not routinely involved in operations

Safety professional on

staff who routinely inspects operations monitors compliance and communicates

findings

26. INDUSTRIAL HYGIENE

No Industrial Hygiene policy exists.

Basic policy exists but is not enforced.

A policy exists and recognizes hazards but is not followed up.

A policy exists which manages operations to minimize human health impacts providing a workplace free of

recognized health

27. PERSONAL

PROTECTIVE

EQUIPMENT

No personal

protective

equipment.

Provides

minimum

personal

protective

equipment.

Provides equipment but lacks training and follow-up.

Contractor furnishes all safety equipment, training and clothing necessary for the protection of it

personnel

47

soehatman ramli2008

A B C 27. PERSONAL No personal Provides Provides Contractor furnishes all PROTECTIVE protective minimum
A
B
C
27.
PERSONAL
No personal
Provides
Provides
Contractor furnishes all
PROTECTIVE
protective
minimum
EQUIPMENT
equipment.
personal
protective
equipment but
lacks training and
follow-up.
safety equipment,
training and clothing
necessary for the
protection of it
equipment.
personnel
28.
A policy exists.
A
policy which
ENVIRONMENT
AL
No
environmental
policy exists.
A policy exists
which complies
with local
regulations.
exceeds local
regulations and
complies with PSC
expectations.
29.
EQUIPMENT
A
AND
MATERIALS
No program
exists for regular
inspection and
preventative
maintenance.
Basic program
exists, but not
applied and no
record keeping.
Program exists
but not regularly
applied and
limited record
keeping.
regular program
exists for inspection,
preventative
MANAGEMENT
maintenance,
operation,
acquisition and
certifications. Good
record keeping.

48

soehatman ramli2008

A B C C 30. STATISTICAL
A
B
C
C
30. STATISTICAL

INCIDENT AND INJURY DATA

No statistical and injury data exists.

Lacks statistical data. Trends are increasing or rate is significantly above the industry norm.

Minimum statistical data. Average performance compared to industry

Has historical data for past three years. Trends are decreasing and relative

position in industry is hig

31. INCIDENT

INVESTIGATION

No procedures or process established to investigate incidents. Near-misses not recognized.

Basic procedures exist but there is no follow up.

Has procedures but is deficient in several areas that can be corrected through changes in existing programs.

Recognizes and records actual near- miss incidents. Investigates incidents to root causes through established procedures. System exists to track all

close out findings

32. SUB-

CONTRACTORS

No evidence that sub- contractor's EHS performance is considered.

Sub-contractor’s EHS performance is irregularly reviewed. No record keeping.

Evidence that the sub- contractor's safety performance is taken into account in the selection process. Some statistical tracking of sub- contractor safety performance.

33. OTHER

49

soehatman ramli2008