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Job Number

Job Title
Client
E-Mail : tntnet@singnet.com.sg

Calcs by

KTP/10/13
NEW FUTURA
M/S KTP CONSULTANTS PTE LTD
Checked by
HT
T&T

NC11-1100X500-( 5TH -10TH STY)


General column design by PROKON.
Design code : CP65 - 1999

General design parameters:

Job Title
Client
Date

NOV 2014

E-Mail : tntnet@singnet.com.sg

C13

317.500

25.000

Y (mm)
Angle ()

10.000

Calcs by

10.000

-480.000

Design loads:
Designation

Ultimate limit state design loads


P (kN)

Mx top (kNm) My top (kNm) Mx bot (kNm) My bot (kNm)

Axial

13500

Axial + Mxx

13500

Axial + Myy

13500

Axial + Mecc

13500

300

150

Axial + 34kpa

13500

450

450

300
300
CP65 - 1999

-10.000
-1080.000

47.500

25

452.500

25

452.500

25

47.500

25

47.500

25.000

452.500

25.000

47.500

25.000

452.500

25.000

47.500

25.000

452.500

25.000

47.500

25.000

452.500

25.000

47.500

25.000

452.500

25.000

182.500

25.000

182.500

25.000

317.500

25.000

CONSULTANTS LLP

General design parameters:


Given:
Lo = 4.000 m
fcu = 55 MPa
fy = 460 MPa
Ac = 545873 mm

1000

500

47.500
47.500
1052.500

Assumptions:
(1) The general conditions of clause 3.8.1 are applicable.
(2) The specified design axial loads include
the self-weight of the column.
(3) The design axial loads are taken constant
over the height of the column.

-10.000

NOV 2014

10.000
1080.000

-10.000

Date

1052.500

480.000
10.000

Sheet

KTP/10/13
NEW FUTURA
M/S KTP CONSULTANTS PTE LTD
Checked by
HT
T&T

500

X/Radius or
Bar dia. (mm)

Job Number

Load
case

Input tables

Code

(GenCol Ver W2.4.01 - 01 Apr 2008)

Sheet

1052.500
215.000
215.000
382.500
382.500
550.000

Design approach:
The column is designed using an iterative procedure:
(1) An area of reinforcement is chosen.
(2) The column design charts are constructed.
(3) The corresponding slenderness moments are calculated.
(4) The design axis and design ultimate moment are determined .
(5) The design axial force and moment capacity is checked on
the relevant design chart.
(6) The safety factor is calculated for this load case.
(7) The procedure is repeated for each load case.
(8) The critical load case is identified as the case yielding the lowest
safety factor about the design axis

550.000
717.500

Through inspection:
Load case 5 (Axial + 34kpa) is critical.

717.500

Check column slenderness:

885.000
885.000
47.500

End fixity and bracing for bending about the Design axis:
At the top end: Condition 2 (partially fixed).
At the bottom end: Condition 2 (partially fixed).
The column is unbraced.
= 1.30
Effective column height:
le = Lo = 5.200 m

1052.500
47.500

CONSULTANTS LLP

Table 3.21

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Client
E-Mail : tntnet@singnet.com.sg

Calcs by

KTP/10/13
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M/S KTP CONSULTANTS PTE LTD
Checked by
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T&T

Check if the column is slender:


le/h = 10.4 > 10
The column is slender.

Sheet

Job Number
Job Title
Client

Date

NOV 2014

E-Mail : tntnet@singnet.com.sg

Calcs by

Sheet

KTP/10/13
NEW FUTURA
M/S KTP CONSULTANTS PTE LTD
Checked by
HT
T&T

Date

NOV 2014

3.8.1.3

Moments about X-X axis( kNm)


Mxtop=450.0 kNm

Mx=450.0 kNm
Mxmin=270.0 kNm

Mxadd=0.0 kNm

Initial moments:
The initial end moments about the X-X axis:
M1 = Smaller initial end moment = 0.0 kNm
M2 = Larger initial end moment = 450.0 kNm
The initial moment near mid-height of the column :
Mi = 0.4M1 + 0.6M2 0.4M2 = 270.0 kNm

+
3.8.3.2

The initial end moments about the Y-Y axis:


M1 = Smaller initial end moment = 0.0 kNm
M2 = Larger initial end moment = 450.0 kNm
The initial moment near mid-height of the column :
Mi = 0.4M1 + 0.6M2 0.4M2 = 270.0 kNm

3.8.3.2

Deflection induced moments:

3.8.3.1

Mxadd=0.0 kNm

Initial

Additional

Design

Moments about Y-Y axis( kNm)

For bending about the weakest axis:


Weakest axis lies at an angle of -90.00 to the X-X axis
Overall dimension perpendicular to weakest axis h-dc = 453mm
Balanced neutral axis depth, xb = ec/(ec+es) (h-dc) =293.0 mm
Nbal = 0.44 b fcu xbal + (Ast fs + Asc fsd) = 7286.5 kN
K = (Nuz - N) / (Nuz - Nbal) = 0.363 < 1.0
a = (1/2000) (le/h) = 0.054
Madd = N a K h = 133.7 kNm
Maddx = Madd*cos(-90.00) = 0.0 kNm
Maddy = Madd*sin(-90.00) = 133.7 kNm

3.8.3.7

My=583.7 kNm
Mymin=270.0 kNm

Mytop=450.0 kNm

Maximum allowable stress and strain:


Allowable compression stress in steel, fsc = 0.87 fy = 400.2 MPa
Allowable tensile stress in steel, fst = 0.87 fy = 400.2 MPa
Allowable tensile strain in steel, ey = fst/Es = 0.0019 m/m
Allowable compressive strain in concrete, ec = 0.0035 m/m

Mybot=-0.0 kNm
Initial

Additional

Design

Check for miminum eccentricity:


Check that the eccentricity exceeds the minimum in the plane of bending:
Use emin = 20mm
Mmin = 270.0 kNm about the X-X axis.

Design ultimate load and moment:


Design axial load:
Pu = 13500.0 kN

CONSULTANTS LLP

Mxbot=-0.0 kNm

For bending about the Y-Y axis, the maximum design moment is the greatest of:
(a) M2 + Maddy = 583.7 kNm
(b) emin N = 270.0 kNm
My = 583.7 kNm

Design ultimate capacity of section under axial load only:


Nuz = 0.45 fcu Ac + 0.87 fy Asc = 17046.4 kN

For bending about the X-X axis, the maximum design moment is the greatest of:
(a) M2 + Maddx = 450.0 kNm
(b) emin N = 270.0 kNm
Mx = 450.0 kNm

3.8.3.7

CONSULTANTS LLP

3.8.2.4

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Sheet

KTP/10/13
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M/S KTP CONSULTANTS PTE LTD
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Job Number
Job Title
Client

Date

Design of column section for ULS:

NOV 2014

E-Mail : tntnet@singnet.com.sg

Calcs by

Sheet

KTP/10/13
NEW FUTURA
M/S KTP CONSULTANTS PTE LTD
Checked by
HT
T&T

Date

NOV 2014

Stresses at the top end of the column for the critical load case 5

The column is checked for applied moment about the design axis.
Through inspection: the critical section lies at the top end of the column.
The design axis for the critical load case 5 lies at an angle of 127.63 to the X-axis
The safety factor for the critical load case 5 is 1.08

CP65 - 1999

For bending about the design axis:

D
Moment max = 1955 kNm @ 6410kN

Interaction Diagram

13500 kN

X
500
D

0
0

500

2200

2000

1800

1600

1400

1200

1000

800

600

-1000
-2000
-3000

1000

127.6

737 kNm

400

200

0.00

-200

-400

-600

-800

-1000

-1200

-1400

-1600

-1800

-2000

-2200

Axial load (kN)

16E3
15E3
14E3
13E3
12E3
11E3
10E3
9000
8000
7000
6000
5000
4000
3000
2000
1000

Bending moment (kNm)

Moment distribution along the height of the column for bending about the design axis:
At the top, Mx = 737.0 kNm
Near mid-height, Mx = 381.8 kNm
At the bottom, Mx = 270.0 kNm

Summary of design calculations:


Design table for critical load case:
Moments and Reinforcement for LC 5:Axial + 34kpa
Middle

Bottom

Madd-x

(kNm) 0.0

Top

-0.0

-0.0

Madd-y

(kNm) -133.7

0.0

133.7

Mx

(kNm) 450.0

270.0

-0.0

My

(kNm) 583.7

270.0

-133.7

M'

(kNm) 737.0

381.8

270.0

Design axis ()

127.63

135.00

90.00

Safety factor

1.08

1.12

1.12

(mm) 8836

8836

8836

1.59 %

1.59 %

2183

2183

Asc

Percentage
AsNom

1.59 %

(mm) 2183

Critical load case: LC 5

Design results for all load cases:

CONSULTANTS LLP

Load case

Axis

N (kN)

Load case 1
Axial

X-X
Y-Y

13500.0

CONSULTANTS LLP

M1 (kNm) M2 (kNm) Mi (kNm) Madd (kNm) Design


0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0

0.0
65.1

Top

M (kNm) M' (kNm)


0.0
131.1

270.0

Safety
factor
1.107

Job Number
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Client
E-Mail : tntnet@singnet.com.sg

Calcs by

Load case

Axis

N (kN)

Load case 2
Axial + Mxx

X-X
Y-Y

13500.0

0.0
0.0

300.0
0.0

180.0
0.0

0.0
0.0

Load case 3
Axial + Myy

X-X
Y-Y

13500.0

0.0
0.0

0.0
300.0

0.0
180.0

0.1
473.8

Load case 4
Axial + Mecc

X-X
Y-Y

13500.0

0.0
0.0

300.0
150.0

180.0
90.0

0.0
0.0

Load case 5
Axial + 34kpa

X-X
Y-Y

13500.0

0.0
0.0

450.0
450.0

270.0
270.0

0.0
133.7

M1 (kNm) M2 (kNm) Mi (kNm) Madd (kNm) Design

Load case 5 (Axial + 34kpa) is critical.

CONSULTANTS LLP

Sheet

KTP/10/13
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M/S KTP CONSULTANTS PTE LTD
Checked by
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Date

M (kNm) M' (kNm)

NOV 2014
Safety
factor

Bottom

300.0
133.7

270.0

1.115

Top

0.0
433.7

433.7

1.089

Bottom

300.0
283.7

270.0

1.115

Top

450.0
583.7

737.0

1.080