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PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E.

PROJECT

CHAPTER I
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
1.

INTRODUCTION
The Bhairon Ghati Hydroelectric Project located in

Uttarkashi district of

Uttaranchal envisages utilization of the waters of the river Bhagirathi,

tributary of Ganga for power generation on a run of river type development,


harnessing a head of about 132 m.
The project with a proposed installation of 65 MW (2x32.5 MW) would afford
an annual energy generation of 293.18 GWh in a 90% dependable year. The
tariff from the project at present day cost would be Rs 1.57 /kWh (levellised).
The diversion site is located at Latitude 31o 01 55 N; Longitude 78o 51
35E. The dam site is approachable by road from

Rishikesh

(via Tehri-

Uttarakashi-Gangotri highway) at a distance of 267 km. The nearest rail head


is located at Rishikesh and nearest airport is located at Dehradun.
2.

SCOPE OF WORKS
The Bhairon Ghati HE project envisages construction of :

a 34 m high Concrete Gravity dam across river Bhagirathi to provide


a live storage of

0.853 Mcum with FRL at 2642.0 m and MDDL at

El 2630.00 m;

1 no. desilting chamber of length 230 m (L) and size 12.0 m (W)x 17 m
(H) to remove silt particles of size 0.2 mm and above;

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PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

a 5.1 km long and 4.5 m dia head race tunnel terminating in a surge
shaft

an 80 m high, 10.0 m dia surge shaft

230 m long, 3.75 m dia pressure shaft

an underground

power house having an installation of 2 Francis

turbine driven generating units of 32.5 MW each operating under a


rated head of 108.93 m; and

190 m long tail race tunnel 5.0 m diameter D Shape to carry the
power house releases back to the river

3.

HYDROLOGY
The river Bhagirathi drains a catchment area of about 2660 sq. km at the
proposed dam site. The water availability for the project i.e. the dependable
flows both for 90% and 50% dependable year have been assessed, based on
Regional model incorporating glacial cover, snow and forest cover and
incorporating data of 17 Gauge Discharge sites (13 CWC sites and 4 state
Govt. sites) in the region utilising the available data for the period 1975-76 to
2001-2002 for many of the sites. The computed inflow series worked out has
been utilized for Power Potential Studies.

The design flood has been

assessed as 8495 cumecs (PMF).


4.

POWER POTENTIAL STUDIES


The available data of water flows on 10 daily basis has been analysed. Water
flows determined on 90% dependable year, have been utilised for computing
power benefits. An installation of 65 MW comprising 2 generating units of
32.5 MW each has been proposed. The energy availability from the project in
a 90% dependable year has been summarized below :

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PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

Annual Energy Generation


Annual Energy Generation (GWh)

293.18

Annual Load Factor (%)

51.49

Energy Output (MWc)

11.13

Load Factor (%)

17.12

Generation during Lean Flow Season

The design energy for tariff at 95% availability in a 90% dependable year has
been worked out as 279.45 GWh.
A pondage of 0.853 M cum has been provided in the diversion dam which
would enable the station to operate as peaking station.

The pondage is

equivalent to 231.94 MWh which is sufficient to operate the station for 3.57
hours.
5.

POWER EVACUATION ASPECTS


The 65 MW power guerated at 11 kv at Bairon Ghati HEP will be stepped upto
220 kv by unit step transformers. The power would be taken to nearby
proposed 400/220 kv Chhamli sub station.

6.

ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS
The project site is located in reserve forest area in Bhagirathi river basin. The
submergence area is 13.27 ha, and majority of land falls under the category
of forest land (8.36 ha). About 0.55 ha of land is coming under reservoir

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PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

submergence. In addition, land will also be required for other project


appurtenances.

Based

on

assessment

of

environmental

impacts,

management plans have to be formulated for acquisition of forest land in


reserve forest area, wildlife conservation, muck disposal, quarry stabilization,
and other environmental issues. These issues would be addressed during the
investigation for DPR.
7.

ESTIMATES OF THE COST


The project is estimated to cost Rs. 296.82 Crores including IDC at June,2003
price level. The preliminary cost estimate of the project has been prepared as
per guidelines of CEA/CWC. The break up of the cost estimates is given
below :
Particulars

8.

Rs. (in Crores)

Civil Works

164.94

Electro Mechanical Works

91.35

Sub Total

256.29

Interest During Construction

40.53

Total (Generation)

296.82

Transmission Works

7.50

Grand Total

304.32

FINANCIAL ASPECTS
As indicated above, the Bhairon Ghati HE Project, with an estimated cost
(Generation only) of Rs. 296.82 Crores (including IDC of Rs. 40.53 Crores)
and design energy of 279.45 GWh in a 90% dependable year is proposed to

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PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

be completed in a period of 5

years.

The tariff has been worked out

considering a debt-equity ratio of 70:30, 16% return on equity and annual


interest rate on loan at 10%. The tariff for first year and levellised tariff (at
power house bus bar) have been worked out as Rs.1.80 /kWh & Rs.
1.57/kWh respectively.
9.

CONCLUSIONS
Bhairon Ghati HE Project involves simple civil works and could be completed
in

5 years. The project would afford a design energy of 279.45 GWh in a

90% dependable year. The cost per MW installed work out to Rs.3.94 Crores.
The Preliminary Feasibility Report indicates that the scheme merits
consideration for taking up Survey & Investigation and preparation of DPR.

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PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

CHAPTER II
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
2.1

GENERAL
In Nov.2000, Uttaranchal State was carved out of thirteen hill districts of
Northern U.P. The state borders with Nepal and Tibet on the east, Central
Himalayas on the north, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh on the west and
northwest respectively.
Geophysically the state has four Mountain Zones namely Foot hills, Lesser
Himalayas, Greater Himalayas and Trans-Himalayas. The mountains are
covered with perpetual snow and glaciers and has gifted the north India a
perennial river system of the Ganga and its tributaries. The tributaries of
Ganga, namely Alaknanda, Bhagirathi, Yamuna and Sarda originate from
the foothills of snow capped peaks and glaciers in the Central Himalayas and
incise their respective courses through the rugged terrain, splash and surge
the steep

gradients and most of the stream offer excellent

potential for

Hydro power development.


The region is blessed with magnificent glaciers, majestic rivers, gigantic snow
capped peaks, Valley of flowers natural beauty and rich flora and fauna.
Many holy shrines have blessed the state spiritually and given the name of
Dev Bhoomi or Land of Gods. The seasonal influx of tourists, the seekers of
peace for visit to the holy shrines and lovers of nature contribute to the state
income.
The state is divided into Kumaon and Garhwal Division with 13 districts
42 tehsils 95 blocks, and 15689 inhabited villages and 73 towns. The

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PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

State has a geographical area of 53119 sq. km which is 1.62% of the total
area of the country and supports 84.8 lakh population which is 0.83% of
the total population of India.

The percentage of villages having population

more than 500 is about 11.4% (1991 Census). The existing majority of
smaller settlements of Uttaranchal pose a serious challenge for economic
infrastructure and lack of services to the far flung places in the hilly terrain
makes Uttaranchal as one of the extremely backward states of India.
It has 76.1% electrified villages as compared to 75.3% of villages of U.P.
The average per capita consumption of electricity is 245.57 kWh whereas
Dehradun and Nainital consume 480.81 and 447.33 kWh respectively
with a minimum consumption of 43.7 kwh in Uttarkashi.

2.2

POWER SCENARIO IN NORTHERN REGION

2.2.1 Present Status


Most of the states in the Northern Region have been experiencing energy
shortage as well as shortage of Peak Power of varying degree. Actual Power
supply position in the Northern Region during the year 2001-2002 has been
as under:
Energy (in MU), year 2001-2002
State
Chandigarh

Requirement
1110

Delhi

Availability
1108

Shortage(-)/
Surplus (+)
(-) 2

%age
0.2

19350

18741

(-)609

3.1

Haryana

18138

17839

(-)299

1.6

Himachal Pradesh

3293

3206

(+) 87

2.6

Jammu & Kashmir

6635

5899

(-) 736

11.1

Punjab

28780

27577

(-)1203

4.2

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PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

State

Availability

Rajasthan

Requirement
24745

24495

Shortage(-)/
Surplus (+)
(-)250

Uttaranchal-U.P
Northern Region

%age
1.0

48332

43545

(-)4787

9.9

150383

142410

(-)7973

5.3

2.2.2 Peak Power (in MW), year 2001-2002


State

2.3

Shortage(-)/
Surplus (+)
0

%age

Chandigarh

Peak
Peak Met
Demand
180
180

Delhi

3118

2879

(-)239

7.7

Haryana

3000

2900

(-)100

1.6

Himachal Pradesh

562

562

0.0

Jammu & Kashmir

1209

999

(-) 210

17.4

Punjab

5420

4936

(-)484

8.9

Rajasthan

3700

3657

(-)43

1.2

Uttaranchal-U.P

7584

6887

(-)607

9.2

Northern Region

24773

23000

(-)1773

7.2

0.0

NECESSITY OF HYDRO POWER DEVELOPMENT IN UTTARANCHAL

2.3.1 Hydro and Thermal Power Mix


The

main resources

for generating electricity

are by utilising the hydro

potential available along the river drops besides the use of fossil fuel.
Presently the ratio of thermal generation and Hydro-electric generation in
Uttaranchal Power grid, is quite disproportionate. With the diminishing coal
resources and difficult oil position all over the

world, it is necessary that

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PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

electric generation be aimed to achieve the economic balance of 40:60


between the hydro and thermal generation of power, as against the existing
25:75 ratio.
2.4

BRIDGING THE GAP OF HYDRO POWER GENERATION


The requirement of power in Uttranchal is very fluctuating because of many
seasonal and other similar demands of industries. To improve the share of
hydro-power generation it is essential to develop the hydroelectric power
potential of state which is about 15110 MW, of which so far only 8% has been
developed.
The

existing

installed

generating

capacity

in

the

State is about 1286 MW ( 2003 fig) and the whole is contributed by hydro
generation. There is no thermal power generation in the state . The major
hydro power stations under construction in the state are (i) Maneri Bhali,
Stage-II (304 MW), (ii) Lakhawar Vyasi, Stage-I (300 MW), (iii) Lakhwari
Vyasi, Stage-II (120 MW),

(iv) Srinagar H.E. Project (330 MW),

(v)

Vishnuprayag Scheme (400 MW), (vi) Tehri Dam Project, Stage-I (1000 MW),
(vii) Tehri Dam Project, Stage-II (1000 MW),

(viii) Koteshwar Dam Project

(400 MW), and (ix) Dhauliganga H.E. Project, Stage-I (280 MW).
With rising hydro power generation and improving efficiencies in distribution
of electricity, Uttaranchal hopes to offer energy at stable prices for ecofriendly industrial development. Though the state is more or less sufficient
in its energy generation to meet its own requirement, there is an urgent need
to develop its huge untapped hydro power potential in an early and efficient
manner, manage efficiently the hydro generation capacity of existing power
stations and to develop and promote new Hydro projects with the purpose

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PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

of harnessing hydropower resources in the state for economic well being and
growth of the people in the whole region.
In order to meet the load demand satisfactorily, it is considered essential to
maintain a minimum gross margin of about 30 per cent over the projected
peak demand while planning for expansion of power supply facilities.
To bridge the gap between the demand for power and the availability of
power, some of the major hydro-electric schemes identified in Ganga Valley
for development are indicated below :
i

Tapovan

Vishnugad viii

Karanprayag Dam (252 MW)

(360 MW)
ii

Bowala

Nandprayag ix

Lata Tapovan (108 MW)

(132 MW)
iii

Kishau Dam (600 MW)

Vishnugad Pipalkoti (340 MW)

iv

Pala Maneri (416 MW)

xi

Pancheshwar Dam

Loharinag

Pala

(520 xii

Chamgad Dam (400 MW)

MW)
vi

Koth Bhel (1000 MW)

vii

Utyasu Dam (1000 MW)

xiii

Dhauliganga, Stage-II

The location of H.E. Schemes are indicated in Plate-1 enclosed.


2.5

PRESENT STUDIES

2.5.1 With a view to prioritize the large number of identified schemes to harness
vast untapped hydro resources in the order of their attractiveness for
implementation, Ranking studies were carried out by CEA.

Subsequently,

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PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

after consultation process initiated by Ministry of Power with various state


agencies, CPSUs etc., it was considered appropriate that Preliminary
Feasibility Report (PFRs) of selected hydroelectric projects be taken up so
that feasibility of the scheme considered in ranking studies could be
established.
2.5.2 In order to achieve the above objective the present preliminary feasibility
stage report presents the Bhairon Ghati H.E Project located in Uttarkashi
district, as detailed in the subsequent Chapters.

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PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

CHAPTER III
THE PROJECT AREA
3.1

GENERAL

The Bhairon Ghati H.E. Project is located on Bhagirathi river immediately after
the confluence of Jadhganga river joining it from the north at Bhairon Ghati
township. The river originates of E1 7010 m from Gangotri glaciers and flow
west wards. It passes through the rugged terrain, incise its course through
steep gradients. The Bhairon Ghati H.E. Project is second H.E. Project on
Bhagirathi after Gangotri H.E. Project for development of hydro power in
cascade. Bhairon Ghati H.E. Project utilise the river bedfall of about 100 m
with the intake located at bed level of E1 2610 m and tail race outlet level river
bed at E1 2510.m.
The Bhairon Ghati H.E. Project is a Run-off-the-River scheme with the
arrangement of dam and gates a small diurnal storage is created.

It is

proposed to locate the intake at bedlevel EL 2610 m which is about 500 m


down stream after its confluence with Jadhganga river in Uttarkashi District at
Lat. 310 1 55N and Long 780 51 35 E. The project diversion structure site is
approached by railway upto Rishikesh and further 267 km by road via TehriUttarkashi-Jadhganga highway or from Uttarkashi the intake is about 97 km.
The intake proposes to pass a discharge of about 66.4 cumecs through a
head race tunnel of 4.5 m dia (horse shoe shaped) of 5.1 km length to the
under ground power house proposed to be located at Lat 310 2 30 N and
Long 780 48 23 E. The tail race of 190 m long leads the discharges back to
the river.

The power house utilises an average hydraulic head of about

132.0 m.

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PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

3.2

CLIMATE
The available IMD observatory is at Dehradun which hardly represents the
climate of Uttarkashi District. However at Dehradun peak winter extend from
Dec. to Jan. months where the temperature remains at 20 C and during MayJune months the maximum temperature is around 400 C.

Rainfall during

monsoon period (June to Sept. ) is about 2770 mm. Large climatic variations
are experienced with in the sub basins at higher altitudes in the sub basins of
the Ganga. The project is located on the Bhagirathi basin the climate of
Bhairon Ghati could be considered more synonymous to Badrinath Metstation (IMD) which is in the adjoining Alaknanda basin. Here substantial
snowfall occurs during winter months ( Dec.-April) with average seasonal
snowfall of about 4600 mm. Although some snowfall is experienced in other
months also except during June and July months.
3.3

SOCIO ECONOMIC PROFILE


The entire state has undulating topography with lofty mountains jutting out
and create the rugged terrain with steep valleys. The geology soil texture and
climate are highly variable including the habitation pattern. It has sparse and
scanty population, small sized villages, scattered on the hilly land scape.
Out migration of able bodied person is common, subsistance level agriculture
based economy mostly prevails with marginal holdings, the infrastructural
development becomes very costly.
Uttarkashi District has an area of 15.8% and supports
compared to the state.

4% population as

It has lowest density of population of about 30

persons per sq. km. as against that of 116 persons per sqkm of the state.
The litracy rate both among total (men and female) and female is lowest in the
district standing at 47.2% and 23.6% as against state average of 59.6 and

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PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

42.9% respectively.

It has largest population of schedule casts of about

22.8% against state average of 16.7%.


The main work force of about 75% are engaged in primary and secondary
sectors and balance in allied sectors. As regards land use pattern about 70%
of land is under forest and barran lands.
About 64% of the inhabited villages are connected with road and the
remaining villages suffer because of remoteness and higher altitudes.
As regard rural electrification Uttaranchal has 76.1% electrified village and the
per capita consumption of electricity of the state is about 245.6 Kwh.
However, Dehradun and Nainital have much higher consumption where as
Uttarkashi has the least of 43.7 kwh consumption.

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PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

CHAPTER IV
TOPOGRAPHY AND GEOTECHNICAL ASPECTS
4.1

TOPOGRAPHY & PHYSIOGRAPHY


The terrain is highly undulating with jutting peaks, steep valleys the rivulets
and tributaries cut across and negotiate the mountains with rapids and
steep

gradients.

The

major

tributaries

of

Bhagirathi,

Alakananda,

Yamuna, Tons originate from the foot of glaciers and snow capped
peaks.

The pucca road network cover only 64% of the inhabitated

villages in Uttaranchal state and rest of the villages

are not be covered

by roads due to higher altitude and remoteness of the areas. Bhagirathi


river on which

Bhairon Ghati H.E. Project is located originates at EL-

7010 m at the foot of glaciers and flow westwards, direction before it joins
Alkananda at Devprayag.
Present PFR studies do not envisage topographical surveys and hence
this write up is confined to physiographical aspects only.
4.2

REGIONAL GEOLOGY
The topography of the area around the proposed scheme is located in inner
parts of

Lesser

Himalayas and

extremely rugged. In

outer parts of

Central

Himalayan

is

Central Himalayan portion the E-W rending strike

ridges are characterized by steep northerly dip slopes and southerly


obsequent escarpments. In the inner parts of Lesser Himalayan Zones, the
trend of ridges has been modified and controlled by the folding of rocks. The
main

drainage of the area is Bhagirathi

River

which

originates form

Gangotri Glacier at Gaumukh. In the upper reach, the river is fed by

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PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

numerous streams such as Jadhganga, Jalandra Gad and Siam Gad. These
streams appear to be subsequence to joints in granite. The drainage pattern
in Central Crystalline country is rectangular. In the rock of
Group,

Garhwal

the tributary streams are mainly transversal.

The Bhagirathi valley is characterized glacial and U shaped upstream of Sukhi


Gaumukh. A rapid down cutting by the river has formed a deep narrow
gorge between Gangotri
up to Jhala Bridge,

and the

Jangla Bridge. Downstream of Jangla,

the narrow gorge has been filled by sand and gravel

due to the silting connected with the damming of river at Sukhi by a


landslide.

Further downstream of

Suklhi, the true profile of valley has

been masked as a result of massive landslides.


The

rock of the area have been grouped in to Garhwal Group,

Crystalline

and the meta

sedimentaries,

possibly

Central

equivalent to Martloi

Formation by Kumar, Agarwal and Mukerjee (1969-79).

The tectonic

sequence observed in the area is as follows:


NORTH
Meta-sedimentaries

Black slates, garnet mica intruded by biotite schist,


quartz-biotite granite, tourmaline schist, garnet-mica
granite aplite & schist, banded augen pegmatite
gneiss (Martoli Formation)
FAULT

Central Crystallines

Kyanie-garnet-mica schist and inter bedded augen


and porphyritic gneiss, banded augen gneiss and
garnet mica schist containing tourmaline, migmatite
zone of mica schist gneiss, granite, amphibolite and
marble/calc- silicate.

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PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

MAIN CENTRAL THRUST (MCT)


Garhwal Group

Upper massive quartzite, white to light grey and green


coloured, fine grained to gritty, occasionally
schistose, current and graded bedded. Metavolcanics
- occasionally with pillow lava structure, lenticular
limestone/dolomite with slate and minor quartzite;
Lower quartzite and slate.

4.3

GEOLOGICAL FEATURES OF THE PROJECT COMPONENTS


The Bhairon Ghati Hydro-electric Scheme envisage the utilisation of. 66.4
Cumecs designed discharge and about 100 m of river bed fall available
on the river Bhagirathi between Bhairon Ghati
generation of 11.13 MW firm power with an
MW. The diversion structure

and
installed

site is located at an

Markande

for

capacity of 65

EL 2610.0 and may

encounter problems of snow ice covering the entire river section and
avalanches during the winter months.
At the proposed
550E

diversion

site,

the

river

Bhagirathi

flows from

to N500 W direction . At the site tourmaline granite traversed by

pegmatite veins is exposed on both the banks of the river upto a height of
nearly 60-70 ms. At this height, both the banks have detached/transported
blocks of rocks with soil and support a forest. farther higher up, both the
banks of the river are covered with forest with occasional exposed rock
along the alignment of the dam. The tourmaline granite is white in colour
with dark coloured laths and specks of tourmaline and is designated as
gangotri granite. It is intrusive in the county rock which are represented
essentially by granite gneiss with subordinate bands of schists, quartzite,
phyllite and amphibolite.

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PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

The diversion site of the proposed HE. Scheme has a geological and
topographical, Setting similar to that of the diversion site of the Gangotri
HE. Scheme, located about 9 Km. farther upstream Consequently, the
proposed diversion site also shows similar geological and topographical
deficiencies as far as siting of a dam at the site is concerned.

These

deficiencies are briefly enumerated below:


1.

The

diversion

site is located around

EL 2610.0 m

and

may

experience problems of snow/ice covering the entire river section and


of avalanches during the winter months.
2.

The depth of overburden in the river section at the dam site may be
high and may be of the order of over 10-15 m.

3.

The base width of the gorge at the dam site, limited to approximately
30-40 m is completely occupied by the river
for locating the sedimentation/ de-silting

and there is no space

structure.

Therefore, the

structure may have to be planned underground.


4.

The tourmaline granite is the steep gorge of the river at the diversion
site is highly

jointed

and some of

the joints are quite open.

Therefore, the extent of slumping at rock on both the banks of the


river is likely to be considerable. Consequently,

the

extent of

abutment stripping for removal of slumped rock, in order to found the


diversion structure on sound rock would also be larger. This limit
will have to be proved by exploratory drifts in the next stage of the
project development/planning. However, at the present stage it may
be assigned to be of the order of 10-15m at the HFL of the river
and

25-30m at the crest level of the proposed dam. Slope

stabilization measures above the stripped abutment would have


to be planned and executed soon after stripping operation is over.

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PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

5.

The head race tunnel which would conduct the water to the power
house is located on the left bank of the river Bhagirathi. HRT is
aligned is the direction S 800 E N 800 W.

The tunnel from the

dam site and, for about one-half of its total length would be driven
through the tourmaline granite and remaining one-half of the tunnel
upto the power house site would be driven essentially though the
granite gneiss with subordinate bands of schist, quartzite, phyllite
and amphibolite

of

the

Central Crystalline Group.

These rocks

generally strike N 45 W - S 45 E to N60 W - S 60 E with dip of


450 500 towards north-east. Thus, the headrace tunnel would be
driven at angles of 200 300 with respect to the strike of the rocks.
Such a direction is not very favourable for execution of the tunnel
and may result in some extra overbreak.
The

power

house for

the Bhairoghati HE.

Scheme

was originally

proposed on the surface near the confluence of Sartia Gad

with

river Bhagirathi, opposite village Markande. However, the hill slope


between the left bank of the river Bhagirathi and the right bank of the
Sartia Gad being unstable,
was

suggested

for an

the site was not favoured & hence it


alternative

site

farther upstream of the

location. The alternative site lies about 750 m upstream of the site
proposed earlier. At the alternative site granite-gneiss are exposed
earlier. At the alternative site granite gneiss are exposed at the
motor road level. However,

enough space for locating the power

house on the surface is not available at the site. It is, therefore,


recommended that the power house may be planned as a semiunderground or completely underground structure.

4-5

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

4.4

GEOTECHNICAL APPRAISAL

The proposed Bhairon Ghati Hydroelectric Project envisages to. utilize the
head along Bhagirathi River between the confluence of Jadhganga with
Bhagirathi and Dhorali. The diversion structure of this scheme is proposed to
be located in narrow and deep valley of Bhagirathi just downstream of the
confluence where the powerhouses is proposed to be located. The valley of
intake structure is expected to be narrow one with sub vertical abutments. It
is suggested that the final location of the diversion structure be decided after
of over burden in the river bed and stability of abutments. The site exposes
biotite granite, which is intruded by tourmaline granite. It is medium to coarse
grained and occasionally porphyritic. The 5.1 km long headrace tunnel may
encounter these biotite granites intruded by tourmaline granite, aplite and
pegmatite. The rock is expected to provided fair to good tunneling media
except in the reaches where there are closely

jointed,

sheared or locally

faulted. The powerhouse is located near


the confluence of Sartia Gad with Bhagirathi. The river valley is wide in this
reach and adequate space for locating the structure and its appurtenants may
be available. However, it is suggested that the powerhouse be located above
HLF of Bhagirathi. This geotechnical appraisal is based on the regional
geological set up.
4.5

SEISMOTECTONICS AND SEISMICITY


Seismotectonically, the project area is located in Main Himalayan Seismic
Zone demarcate by the Main Boundary Thrust (MBT) in south and downdip
influence zone of the Main Central Thrust (MCT) in north, demonstrating
predominantly thrust type of fault plane mechanism. It has been interpreted by

4-6

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

Narula (1991) that the strain buildup in different sectors of this domain is
taking place at different locales and in Uttarkashi-Kumaon sector, this is
Concentrated around the MCT as evidenced by the clustering of the seismic
events in this subdomain to be around, this structural dislocation. The seismic
status,infact has been a subject of interest for quite some time, though direct
geological evidences of geotectonic activity have not been recorded in the
area. According to Narula (1991), the project area falls in Garhwal Seismic
Block which, is constrained by Alaknanda tectonic flux fault..in the east and
Kautir or Kinnaur Faults in west. This domain contains another tectonic flux
fault which is located in the project area.
MBT & MCT are the two major dislocation features of significance in the
project area located about 20 km to 35 km in the southern direction.
Seismically the project area traverses through highly active Himalayan
seismic belt and falls in seismic zone V of the seismic zoning map of
India [ IS 1893 (Part-I): 2002]. Therefore, a suitable seismic factor would
have to be adopted for designing the structures in the area.
4.6

SEISMIC REFRACTION SURVEY


Seismic

Refraction Survey

conducted at

Baironghati site depicts the

presence of rock line at shallow depth near the banks but the rock line
goes below 5-25 meters from the river bed.
Based on velocity model three broad layers can be classified, a thick
alluvium, an intermediate layer and rock with different units of subsurface
layers (Plate-4.1).

4-7

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

CHAPTER - V
HYDROLOGY
5.1

GENERAL

The Ganga river is one of the holiest rivers in India and many temples and
religious places are situated on its banks right from its origin to its confluence
near Sagar Island with Bay of Bengal. It drains an area of 8.61 lakh sq km
and the basin is one of the most fertile basins of the country.

Bhagirathi and Alaknanda are the two major tributaries of Ganga which
originate from Bhairon Ghati and Kamet glacier in Uttarkashi and Chamoli
districts respectively of Uttranchal state. Bhagirathi originates at an elevation
of 7010 m while Alaknanda rises at an elevation 7800m. Both the Bhagirathi
and Alaknanda rivers join at Deoprayag and thereafter it is known as Ganga.
Jadhganga s the first major tributary of Bhagirathi originating near Tagala at
an elevation 5300m and joins Bhagirathi at Bhairon Ghati. The river has very
steep slopes in upper reaches and most of the area is covered by permanent
snow and glaciers. Due to steep slopes and area covered by snow, there
exists considerable quantity of perennial flow and as such have a large
potential for hydropower development, though irrigation may not be feasible
due to non existence of command area. CEA had identified several hydro
electric sites in the basin.

The Bhairon Ghati Hydro-Electric Project

(CA=2660sq km) is identified downstream after confluence of Jodhganga with


Bhagirathi river. The catchment area map of the Project is shown in Plate 5.1.
This report contains the results of the Hydrological studies made for Bhairon
Ghati H.E. scheme. The detailed studies in respect of water availability and

5 -1

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

Design flood are available in the report Hydrological studies Volume I,


Ganga basin September, 2003.
5.2.

HYDROMEOTEROLOGICAL DATA
No rainfall and discharge data at Bhairon Ghati site is available. However,
observed discharges from 1971 72 at Uttarkashi (CA=4504 sq km) are
available. The site is maintained by CWC. Discharge data for longer periods
are available at 17 G&D sites (13 CWC sites and 4 States Governments) in
the region, which are much downstream of Bhairon Ghati site.

The data

availability is given as under which has been utilised for developing the
Regional Model.
Table -1
Sl.
Name of
No.
Station
1
Tehri

River

Organisation

Period

Bilanganga

CWC

1975-76 to 2001-02

Joshimath

Alakananda

CWC

1975-76 to 2001-02

Tehri

Bhagirathi

CWC

1975-76 to 2001-02

Deoprayag

Ganga

CWC

1975-76 to 2001-02

Maror

Nayar

CWC

1975-76 to 2001-02

Deoprayag

Bhagirathi

CWC

1975-76 to 2001-02

Rudraprayag

Mandakini

CWC

1975-76 to 2001-02

Rishikesh

Ganga

CWC

1975-76 to 2001-02

Rudraprayag

Alakananda

CWC

1975-76 to 2001-02

10

Nandkesri

Pinder

CWC

1994-95 to 2001-02

11

Chandrapuri

Mandakini

CWC

1976-77 to 2001-02

12.

Karnprayag

Pindar

CWC

1976-77 to 2001-02

13

Uttarkashi

Bhagirathi

CWC

1971-72 to 2001-02

14

Raiwala

Ganga

State Govt.

1946-47 to 1983-84

15

Maneri

Bhagirathi

State Govt.

1964-65 to 1984-85

16

Lambagarh

Alakananda

State Govt.

1969-70 to 1990-91

17

Tapovan

Alakananda

State Govt.

1973-74 to 1981-82

5 -2

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

Long term flood peaks are available at Raiwala on Ganga (1901 to 1992),
Tehri on Bhagirathi (!963 to 1978), Maneri at Bhagirathi (1964 to 84) besides
at G&D sites on Alaknanda, Sarda, Tons and Yamuna rivers.

5.3

ESTIMATION OF WATER AVAILABILITY

5.3.1 Regional Model


The proposed Bhairon Ghati site is in high altitude area whose major portion
of the catchment (a small fraction of the nearest observed G&D catchment
area) area is covered by snow and glaciers. As such the traditional method of
rainfall run off or run off-run off model may not be feasible due to non
availability of requisite data. A regional model has been developed on 10 daily
basis utilising the 10 daily flows of each 17 G&D sites (CWC and State
Government) together with the mean annual catchment rainfall and the
percentage of area intercepted by glacier, snow and forest.

The general

format of the linear model for the G&D site is as under:


q = K + a * s + b * g + c * f + d * (RF)
or Q = K * (CA) + a * (SA) + b * (GA) + c * (FA) + d * (RF) * (CA)
Where,

= Average specific yield of G&D site

= Average yield of G&D site

CA = Total catchment area in sq. km


GA = Total area under glacier in sq.km
SA = Intermediate area between glacier and permanent
snow line in sq.km
FA = Total forest area in sq.km

5 -3

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

RF= Mean annual catchment rainfall in mm


K, a, b, c, d = Constant of the model
S = percentage of net snow area to total catchment area
G = percentage of glacier area to total catchment area
F = percentage of forest area to total catchment area

The linear regional model was developed for Bhagirathi and Alaknanda basin.
After studying the physical parameters responsible for run off for each
catchment upto G&D site, the one parameter, two parameter, three parameter
and four parameter linear models have been developed for each 10 daily
block period. The one parameter model considers the specific yield of G&D
sites Vs catchment area, whereas the remaining models consider the
catchment area, glacier area, forest area, net snow area, mean
catchment rainfall and the specific

yield.

annual

After attempting the various

permutations and combinations, the model which gives the maximum


correlation coefficient was selected for estimating the dependable flows at
Bhairon Ghati site.
5.3.2 Dependable flows
Using the most suitable regional model developed for each 10 daily block, the
90%, 50% dependable flows and the average flows have been computed for
the Bhairon Ghati project site (CA=2660 sq. km) as under:

5 -4

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

Units:m3/sec
Items

June I

June II

June III July I July II July III Aug I Aug II Aug III

90%

75.0

98.7

126.6 106.5 126.9

173.5 139.3 145.3 121.8

50%

138.5

183.9

222.3 196.3 241.5

254.3 253.3 237.0 198.2

Average

149.9

187.7

235.9 214.9 248.3

266.0 255.1 239.3 202.2

Sep I

Sep II

Sep III

Oct I Oct II

Oct III

Nov I Nov II Nov III

90%

88.7

69.8

53.8

42.5

28.5

27.9

24.0

20.9

18.0

50%

162.4

125.5

87.1

66.0

47.5

44.0

39.9

32.8

27.5

Average

170.3

131.5

93.1

69.6

52.9

47.4

43.0

34.7

29.4

Dec I

Dec II

Dec III

Jan I Jan II Jan III

Feb I Feb II Feb III

90%

12.7

12.1

10.3

12.9

12.3

12.5

12.2

11.0

10.3

50%

20.4

19.5

18.8

19.6

19.6

19.1

18.5

17.9

17.4

Average

21.6

20.9

20.4

20.1

19.9

19.7

19.4

18.3

17.8

Mar I

Mar II

Mar III

Apr I Apr II Apr III

May I May II May III

90%

10.4

10.0

10.7

11.9

10.4

16.9

26.3

31.6

45.5

50%

17.1

17.5

18.9

20.3

25.6

33.0

45.2

60.1

79.6

Average

18.2

19.0

19.8

21.4

26.7

35.2

48.4

65.6

83.5

5.4

Estimation of Design Flood


Since the contentious discharge data for rainy season and concurrent rainfall
is not available, it is not possible to estimate the design flood by unit
Hydrograph method.
The peak flood discharge at Bhairon Ghati site has been estimated based on
the methodology indicated in the Flood Estimation Report for Western
Himalayas, Zone 7 of CWC and Regional Frequency analysis (based on 5
and 10 G&D sites)

and Synthetic unit hydrograph approach based on

Snyders method. The results of the study are as under:

5 -5

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

Return Period
Methodology

100 years
(m3/sec)
5192

500 years
(m3/sec)
-

3588

4560

iii) Regional Frequency Analysis


(10 G&D sites).

4397

5125

iv) Snyders Method

3432

8495

i) Flood Estimation Report, CWC


ii) Regional Frequent Analysis

PMF
m3/sec
8495

(5 G&D sites).

v) Recommended Design flood


value.

As furnished above design flood (PMF) of 8495 m3/sec is recommended for


studies. The computations are enclosed at Annexure 5.1.

5.5

SEDIMENTATION
Since Bhairon Ghati site HE scheme is identified as run of the river scheme,
the sedimentation studies are not considered necessary as in the case of
storage structures. However, based on the experience gained at variousi
Power Stations in that valley, it is proposed to exclude silt particles of size
0.25 mm and above from the water before it enters the power house. This
aspect will be considered while designing the civil structures.

5 -6

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

5.6

OBSERVATION OF CWC
The draft report

of this project was submitted to CEA for perusal during

October 03. The observations received from CWC on hydrological studies of


this project and the replies for above observations, submitted by WAPCOS
are enclosed as Appendix 1.1 and 1.3.

5 -7

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

CHAPTER VI
CONCEPTUAL LAYOUT AND PLANNING
6.1

INTRODUCTION
Bhairon Ghati H.E. Project is proposed as Run-off-the River scheme on the
river

Bhagirathi to tap its hydropower potential.

The diversion structure is

located 500 m downstream of confluence of the river Jadhganga with


Bhagirthi flowing from the north in Uttarkashi district of Uttaranchal State. The
project envisages to divert the water of Bhagirathi into water conductor
system by means of a diversion structure (a concrete gravity dam) across the
river.

The water conductor system comprises of an intake,

underground

desilting chambers followed by a 5.1 km long head race tunnel of 4.5 m


diameter (horse shoe shape), a surge shaft of 10 m diameter, a pressure
shaft which bifurcates near power house to feed two units of 32.5 MW housed
in an underground power house. A 190 m long tail race tunnel discharges
the water back into the river Bhagirathi river upstream of Harsil H.E. Project
head works.
6.2

LAYOUT STUDIES

6.2.1 The Bhagirathi river rises at EL 7010 m and falls steeply untill Gaumukh at EL
4000 m to Bhairon Ghati, the river bed fall is about 1000 m in 50 km stretch.
Thereafter, it runs in a gentle to steep slopes in various stretches and is joined
by Jadhganga at EL 2625.0 m.
As per CEA assessment studies the hydro-potential of river Bhagirathi is
proposed to be exploited by potential schemes in a cascade development and

6-1

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

the projects serially planned are Gangotri, Bhairon Ghati, and Harsil Schemes
now proposed for PFR studies.
6.2.2 The entire stretch of river between proposed diversion site of Bhairon Ghati
scheme to power house site was inspected by WAPCOS expert team and it
was observed that both the banks of Bhagirathi are occupied by massive
steep rocky slopes highly jointed and

fractured. The weathered zone is

expected to extend 10-15 m deep. The pondage created at this site selected
shall be within safe levels of the upstream projects.

6.2.3 As per CEA proposal, the diversion site for Bhairon Ghati H.E. scheme as
proposed d/s of the confluence of Jadhganga, the diversion site is kept at the
same location with river bed level EL 2610.0 m.

However, surface Power

House site opposite to Sarita Gad as proposed by CEA is not found suitable
due to stability problems.

Another site was selected by the expert team

during there site visit which is about 750 m u/s of the site proposed by CEA
and an underground power house is proposed by WAPCOS instead of
surface power house.

6.3

RIVER DIVERSION WORK

6.3.1 The aspect of isolating the site for construction activity in the deep river valley
portion was examined for two scenarios i.e. with and without the provision of
diversion tunnel through abutment.

As the diversion site is located in a

narrow valley it was not found practical to isolate the construction area without
the provision of diversion tunnel.

6-2

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

6.3.2 A diversion tunnel of 4.5 m diameter circular and 500 m long is proposed
along left bank to divert the discharge of 80 cumecs for the construction of
dam & appurtenant

works.

However, during monsoon season,

excess

discharges beyond the capacity of diversion tunnel is expected to pass over


the coffer dam and over the constructed portion of the dam. The diversion
tunnel inlet is proposed to be provided with a gate of size 5 m x 5 m which will
be operated by means of a rope drum hoist for purposes of closure of the
diversion tunnel. Suitable coffer dams located approximately

100 m u/s &

150 m d/s of the dam axis are proposed. The u/s coffer dam will be 7 m high
with 6 m base width while the d/s coffer dam will be 6 high with base width of
6 m. These structures are proposed of masonry type with colcrete.

6.4

DIVERSION DAM

6.4.1 The type of dam to be adopted i.e Earth dam or concrete dam is governed by
the topographical, geotechnical

and availability of construction materials

considerations. The requisite construction materials for Earth dam alternative


are not expected to be available in the vicinity of project area and also not
possible for the narrow gorge. In view of the rock exposures along steep
valley on both the banks of the river and shallow thickness of overburden in
the river bed are anticipated. Accordingly a concrete gravity structure with a
spillway in the deep gorge portion is proposed at this site. Concrete dam, 34
m high above the deepest river bed (El 2610.0 m) 88.0 m long comprises of 5
blocks. Three overflow blocks in the deep gorge portion are provided to pass
the floods.

A foundation gallery running all along the abutment is also

proposed from drainage, grouting and maintenance considerations.

downstream slope of 0.8:1 is proposed for the dam section keeping in view
the seismicity of the area (zone V, as per BIS 1893)

6-3

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

6.4.2 Reservoir
Keeping in view the storage characteristics of the valley upstream, the crest of
spillway is proposed at El 2617.5 m. The crest of power intake is kept 10.5 m
lower then the MDDL of El 2630.0 m. This is to ensure minimum water
cushion requirements above the intake tunnels from air entrainment
considerations. Storage to meet the diurnal peaking requirements has been
provided between MDDL and FRL as it is a Run-off the River type
development. Accordingly, MDDL and FRL are proposed at El 2630.0, and El
2642.0 m respectively which provide live storage of around 0.853 M cum.
6.4.3 Spillway & Energy Dissipation
An ogee spillway with radial gates and breast wall is proposed to pass the
design flood of 8495.0 cumecs corresponding to probable maximum flood.
Three bays, each of clear opening of size 13.0 m x 17.5 m (height) are
proposed to cater design flood discharge. Radial gates will be operated by
means of hydraulic hoists. Provision of stoplog gates with gantry crane is also
made.
Since this project is located in the high altitude area (about El 2650 m above
MSL), and most of the time the reservoir water surface will be under sub-zero
temperature. To generate power for maximum period and for smooth running
of the power plant, deicing arrangement are proposed to be provided.
Energy dissipation is proposed through a trajectory type bucket as tail water
depth fall short of post jump depth requirements during high discharges.
Trajectory bucket with tip angle of 35o would through the jet of water through
the air and into the plunge pool. Protection works in the form of concrete

6-4

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

apron is also provided immediately downstream of bucket from considerations


of scour.
The

Layout

details

of

Dam

and

Spillway

are

shown

in

Drg

No.WAP/PFR/BHAIRON GHATI/1003 (R1) &1004 (R1).


6.5

INTAKE AND DESILTING CHAMBER

6.5.1 One intake structure is proposed on the left bank of the river upstream of
the Diversion structure with its invert at El 2619.5 m i.e. 2.0 m above the
spillway crest level to avoid entry of rolling debris into the water conductor
system during floods. The intake tunnel of 5.0 m dia (D-shaped) is proposed
on the left bank to carry design discharge of 80.0 cumec (including 20%
flushing discharge). A trashrack is proposed at the entry so that debris
/particles exceeding 75 mm do not enter the water conductor system.
6.5.2

One underground desilting chamber is provided about 100 metre


downstream of intake structure to remove particles of size 0.2 mm and above
to protect the turbine parts against erosion. The chamber proposed is of size
230 m x 12 m x 17 m (depth) and is designed to achieve 90% efficiency for
silt removal.

The chamber is designed to pass design discharge of 80

cumecs and is provided with a gate on downstream end to isolate for routine
maintenance. The bed of the trough is provided with a longitudinal duct of 2.0
m dia to remove the silt laden water through a silt flushing tunnel to the river
downstream.

The details of intake and desilting chambers are shown in

drawing no. WAP/PFR/BHAIRON GHATI/1005/R1.

6-5

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

6.6 HEADRACE TUNNEL


6.6.1 The design discharge of 66.40 cumec is carried downstream of desilting
chamber

through 4.5 m dia horse shoe shaped headrace tunnel, 5.1 km

long to meet the surge shaft. The alignment of the tunnel has been optimally
fixed to provide adequate rock cover below the nallah crossings.

6.6.2 The excavated tunnel section is proposed to be provided with suitable support
system depending upon the type of rock strata met. Accordingly, the entire
tunnel reach has been tentatively divided into 4 categories depending upon
the type of rock i.e. Good, Fair, Poor and Very Poor. It is presumed that 20%
of the tunnel reach encounters poor/very poor rock conditions while in
remaining reach Good/Fair rock conditions are met. A 300 mm thick PCC
lining of M20 grade concrete is proposed for the headrace tunnel. Provision
for contact grouting & consolidation grouting has also been made.
The details of the Rock

support system are shown in Drg. No

WAP/PFR/BHAIRON GHATI/1006/R1.
6.7

SURGE SHAFT & PRESSURE SHAFT

6.7.1 An 10.0 m dia and 80.0 m high orifice type Surge Shaft is proposed at the end
of headrace tunnel to release the effect of mass oscillations in the tunnel and
to provide immediate storage requirement near the power house in case of
sudden acceptance of load. The bottom elevation of Surge Shaft has been so
fixed as to provide adequate water cushion below the minimum down surge
level. Similarly, it is ensured that maximum upsurge level is contained within
the Surge Shaft.

6-6

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

The Surge Shaft is likely to be excavated in tourmaline granite rock


formations. It is proposed to provide 75 mm thick shotcrete with 4m long rock
bolt at suitable intervals. Reinforced concrete lining (M25 grade) 1.0m thick
is proposed in the deeper reaches & reducing to 0.6 m thickness in the upper
portion. Provision for consolidation grouting & contact grouting is also made
to ensure proper consolidation of rockmass around the surge shaft.
6.7.2 A vertical pressures shaft of size 3.75 m diameter is proposed downstream of
Surge Shaft keeping in view the adequacy of horizontal and vertical rock
cover as per codal requirement. Pressure shaft drops from El 2590.0 m to El
2509.5 m in line with the center line of distributor. The horizontal portion of
pressure shaft is bifurcated into 2 feeders each of 3.0 m dia to feed to 2 units
of 32.5 MW each.
The pressure shaft liner is designed taking into account 30% rock participation
and 40% as water hammer head. Mild steel is proposed for liner so as to
restrict the liner thickness to reasonable limits to obviate the need for stress
relieving. Liner thickness varies from 12 mm to 28 mm in the pressure shaft
reach. The water velocity in the pressure shaft is approximately 6.0m/sec.
6.8

POWER HOUSE
The underground power house is proposed as the river banks are steep and
there is paucity of space for surface power house. The underground power
house complex comprises of one cavern of 21.5 m width. The machine hall is
15.5 m wide, it house 2 units of 32.5 MW each along with 20 m long service
bay. The generator floor level is kept at EL 2514.5 Centre line of units is at EL
2509.5 m and invert level of draft tubes kept at EL 2504.5 m. EOT crane of
130/25 tonnes capacity shall be provided at crane beam level at EL 2522.5 m
and travel up to service bay end also. The two main inlet valves, one for each

6-7

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

unit, is also provided. The transformer bay is 6 m wide inside the main power
house cavern to accommodate transformer and GIS.

A cable carriage is

provided from this cavern to the outdoor switchyard at the roof level. The
draft tubes shall be by a draft tube gate fitted with gantry crane installed in
the transformer cavern. The TRT of 5.0m dia (D-shaped) and 190m long shall
have reverse slope to meet the river bed level. The power house cavern as
well as the transformer bay shall be approached by an access tunnel starting
from the main road.
6.9

ELECTRO - MECHANICAL WORKS

6.9.1 General
The proposed 65 MW Bhairon Ghati Hydro-Electric Project would have
underground type power house. The installed capacity would be provided by
2 nos. Vertical Axis Francis turbine driven generating units of 32.5 MW each.
It is proposed to provide Inlet Valve of Butterfly type for each turbine, which
would be accommodated in the powerhouse cavern.
The generation voltage of 11 kV would be stepped up to 220 kV through a
three phase 38 MVA, 11/220 kV ODWF type unit step up transformers for
each unit located in power house cavern. The 11 kV isolated phase bus ducts
would connect the 11 kV generator terminals with 11 kV bushings of step up
transformers. The 220 kV terminal of the transformers would be connected
with 220 kV Gas Insulated Switchgear (GIS) located on the floor above the
transformers in powerhouse cavern.
The layout of generating equipments, unit step up transformers, switchyard
etc. are indicated in the drawings no. WAP/PFR/BHAIRON GHATI/1007(R1)
&1008(R2).

6-8

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

The GIS would accommodate 6 bays, 2 for generator incomings, 2 for


outgoing 220 kV transmission lines, one for step down transformer and one
for bus-coupler. The power generated would thus be evacuated through 2
nos. 220 kV transmission lines. The single line diagram is shown in drawing
no. WAP/PFR/BHAIRON GHATI/1009(R1).
6.9.2. Brief Particulars of Equipments
a)

Turbine and Governor


The upstream levels, tailrace levels and heads available for power generation
are indicated below:
i)

ii)

iii)

Upstream Levels

FRL

EL 2642.0 M

MDDL

EL 2630.0 M

Tailrace Levels

Maximum

EL 2515.0 M

Minimum

EL 2513.0 M

Average

EL 2514.0 M

Heads

Maximum net head

113.90 M

Minimum net head

99.90 M

Rated head

108.90 M

Francis type turbine is considered appropriate choice considering the capacity


of the generating units and head available for power generation. The turbine

6-9

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

would be suitably rated to provide 32.5 MW at generator terminals at rated


head of 108.90 M. The speed of turbine has been determined as 300 RPM.
The center line of turbine runner has been set at EL 2509.5 M, 3.5 m below
the minimum TWL which is at EL 2513 M. The governor would be electrohydraulic digital PID type suitable for fully automatic control. The closing time
of wicket gates would be so adjusted so as not to increase the speed rise and
pressure rise more than 45% and 30% respectively under full load throw off
condition.
b)

Main Inlet Valve


It is proposed to provide an Inlet Valve of the Butterfly type for each turbine as
second line of defence in stopping the water flow to the turbine when due to
governor malfunctioning, the generating units may tend to go to runaway
speed. During the time when the generating unit is under stand still condition,
it would help in minimizing the water leakage through the wicket gates of the
turbine. The opening of the valve would be achieved through pressurized oil
servomotor and closing through counter weight.

c)

Generator and Excitation System


The generator shaft would be directly coupled with the turbine shaft. The
bearing arrangement would be semi-umbrella type with combined thrust and
guide bearings below the rotor and one guide bearing above the rotor. The
generator would be of the closed air circuit water-cooled type. The main
parameters of the generator would be as indicated below:
i)

Rated out put

32.5 MW

ii)

Power factor

0.9 lag

iii)

Speed

300 RPM

iv)

Class of Insulation of
stator and rotor winding

Class 'F'

Generation Voltage

11 kV

v)

6-10

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

The generators would be provided with static excitation equipment and


voltage regulator. Necessary power for excitation would be provided by
tapping the generator terminals.
d)

Unit Step-up Transformer


Three phase 38 MVA, 11/ 220 kV transformers, would be provided for each
generating unit.

These transformers would be located in the powerhouse

cavern. The 11 kV bushings of the transformer would be connected with 11


kV terminals of generator through 11 kV bus ducts. The 220 kV bushings
would be connected with 220 kV Gas Insulated Switchgear located on the
floor above the transformers
e)

EOT Crane
The heaviest equipment which the powerhouse crane is required to handle
during erection and subsequently during maintenance is the generator rotor.
The weight of the generator rotor has been estimated to be about 112 tonnes.
It is proposed to provide one EOT crane of 130/ 25 tonnes capacity.

6.10

AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS FOR THE POWER HOUSE


Following equipments for the auxiliary systems of the powerhouse would be
provided:
i)

Cooling water system for turbines, generators, unit step up


transformers etc.

ii)

Drainage System

iii)

Dewatering system

iv)

High pressure compressed air equipment for governor and MIV etc.

v)

Low pressure compressed air equipment for station services

6-11

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

vi)

415 V LTAC supply system comprising station service transformers,


unit auxiliary transformer, station service board, unit auxiliary boards
etc.

vii)

D.C. supply system comprising 220V DC battery, chargers, DC


distribution boards etc.

6.11

viii)

Ventilation system for the power house

ix)

Air conditioning system for control room, conference room etc.

x)

Illumination system

xi)

Earthing system

xii)

Oil handling system

xiii)

Power and control cables

xiv)

Fire protection system

220 KV SWITCHYARD
It is proposed to provide 220 kV, Gas Insulated Switchgear, having 6 bays; 2
bays for generator incoming, 2 bays for 220 kV transmission lines, 1 bay for
step down transformer and 1 bay for bus-coupler. The double busbar
arrangement has been proposed which would provide flexibility and reliability
in the operation of the plant.

6.12

OBSERVATIONS OF CEA & CWC


The Draft Report of this project was submitted to CEA for perusal during
October 03. The observations from the various directorates of CWC and CEA
on the civil and electrical aspects have been considered and taken care in this
report. The detailing has been kept to the possible extent as the report
pertains to the preliminary feasibility stage studies.

6-12

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

CHAPTER - VII
POWER POTENTIAL STUDIES

7.1

GENERAL
The power potential studies have been carried out for Bhairon Ghati Hydel
Scheme. The projected power supply position for 11th Plan also indicated
that there would be shortage of peak power in Uttranchal State as well as
in Northern region. The execution of this project would help in reducing
the gap between supply and demand of power.
This is a Run of river type development with diurnal storage for peaking
purpose and would utilize a rated head of water of 108.9 M.

The

powerhouse would be of Under ground type.

7.2

FIXATION OF FRL/MDDL

The FRL of the pondage has been fixed at EL 2642.0 m so as to get


adequate storage capacity for peaking operation of the plant during lean
period. The MDDL of EL 2630.0 m has been fixed keeping the requirement
of minimum cushion of water above the headrace tunnel (HRT) to rule out
the air entrainment into the HRT.

The storage at FRL is computed as

1.883 million cubic metres whereas the storage at MDDL is estimated as


1.03 million cubic metres, thus making available live storage of 0.853
million cubic metres The levels v/s capacity characteristics of the pondage
are indicated in Annex 7.1.

7-1

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

7.3

FIXATION OF TAIL RACE WATER LEVEL (TWL)


The minimum tail water level which corresponds to discharge of one
generating unit at 10% load has been determined as EL 2513 m.

The

Maximum TWL at EL 2515 m corresponds to the discharge of all the


generating units running at full load.
These levels however would need to be verified when it would be possible
to prepare tail rating curve.
7.4

WATER AVAILABILITY
The available data of water flows on 10 daily basis has been analysed in
Chapter No. 5 on hydrology. Water flows determined in 90% dependable
year and in 50% dependable year, have been utilized for computing power
benefits.

7.5

TYPE OF TURBINE
The specific speed of the Turbine for rated head 108.9 m works out to be
174.87 which leads to the choice of Francis Turbine to be used for this
station. The following efficiencies applicable for Francis turbine driven
generating unit have been considered for power potential studies.
-

Efficiency of Turbine

93.5%

Efficiency of Generator

98.0%

Combined efficiency of

91.63%

Turbine & Generator

7-2

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

7.6

INSTALLED CAPACITY

7.6.1 The power potential with different installed capacity from 30 MW to 80 MW


and 90% dependable year is indicated in Annex-7.2. The simulation
studies have been carried out with FRL at EL 2642 m, MDDL at EL 2630
m, losses in water conductor system as 15.1 m and average TWL at EL
2514 m. The study indicates that the firm power is 11.13 MW continuous.
Considering four hours peaking, the installed capacity required would be
about 66.78 MW.
7.6.2 For optimization of Installed Capacity, annual energy generation (KWh),
Incremental Energy generation d (KWh), and ratio of Incremental energy
and Incremental Installed Capacity d(KWh)/ d (kW) have been computed
for 90% dependable year for installed capacity varying from 30 MW to 80
MW in steps of 5 MW. The results are indicated in Annex-7.3. It would be
seen there from that d (Kwh)/ d (kW) drops steeply for increase in installed
capacity from 65 MW to 70 MW. The installed capacity could be therefore
be 65 MW.
7.6.3 Keeping in view the system requirements and analysis of Incremental
energy and Incremental installed capacity; the installed capacity of 65 MW
is considered optimum. With installation of 65 MW, the load factor of
operation during lean flow period works out to 17.12 % .
7.6.4 There are two options for number of generating units to be installed
1x65 MW
2x32.5 MW

7-3

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

Installation of one unit of 65 MW would be preferable from economic


consideration. Installation of two units would provide increased reliability of
power supply from station and also provide more flexibility for part load
operation. Considering the above in view, it is decided to have installation
of the two units of 32.5 MW, The turbine would be suitably rated to provide
32.5 MW at generator terminal at rated head of 108.90 m. The speed of
turbine has been determined as 300 RPM.
7.7

RESULTS OF STUDIES
Annual energy generation in 90% dependable year and in 50% dependable
year have been computed for installed capacity of 65 MW (2 x 32.5 MW) and
are indicated in Annexures 7.2 and 7.4 respectively. The results are also
briefly indicated below.
Particulars

90% dependable
year

50% dependable
year

Annual Energy
Generation (Gwh)

293.18

365.54

MW continuous

11.13

18.01

Average annual load


factor

51.49 %

64.2 %

Load factor in lean flow


months

17.12 %

27.71 %

The design energy computation have been carried out and indicated in
Annex-7.5. The design energy of 279.45 GWh would be considered for
financial evaluation.

7-4

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

The live storage of 231.94 MWh (0.853 Million cubic meters) is available
whereas the storage required for peaking operation works out to 267.12 MWh.
Thus the storage is available for 3.57 hrs. of peaking operation of the station.
7.8

CONCLUSIONS
The power potential studies carried out indicates that installed capacity of 65
MW comprising 2 generating units of 32.5 MW each would be required for this
HEP to derive optimum power benefits. The station would afford generation
of 293.18 Million units in a 90% dependable year.

7.9

RECOMMENDATIONS FOR FURTHER STUDIES

7.9.1 At DPR stage, based on the data available of topographic survey, tail race
rating curve should be evolved so that in energy computations the head
utilized for power generation is corrected with the change in trail race level
corresponding to discharge.

In the present study, tail race level was

considered constant.
7.9.2 The storage at FRL and MDDL should be computed with more accuracy
based on the data of topographic survey.

7-5

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

CHAPTER VIII
POWER EVACUATION
8.1

APPRAISAL OF EXISTING POWER EVACUATION FACILITIES


The Project is located at latitude 31-02-30 (D-M-S) North and longitude 78-4823 (D-M-S) East. The installed capacity of Uttaranchal State is 1286.15 MW as
on March 2003. Its peak demand has been estimated as 771 MW whereas the
met peak is 705 MW in the present scenario. This amounts to deficit of 66 MW
(8.56%). Accordingly, energy requirement is 3774 MU against the available
energy of about 3670 MU. This depicts deficit of 104 MU (2.8%). For the
purpose of evacuation of power pooling has been proposed for various Hydro
Electric Power Projects.

As per the geographical locations the following

proposed Hydel Projects lie between the longitude 78.5o N to 79.5o N namely
Harsil, Bhairon Ghati, Gangotri, Jadhganga, Karmoli Hydro Power Projects.
The next group of Hydro Electric Projects which lie between longitude 79.3o N
to 80o N are Badrinath, Gohana Tal, Rishiganga II, Rishiganga I, Jelum Tamak,
Deodi, Devasari Dam and Malari Jelum. Whereas in the next series the Hydro
Electric Projects which lie between longitude 80o

to 81o N are Mapang

Bogudiyar, Sirkari Bhyol Bogudiyar, Sirkari Bhytol Rus Bagar, Khasiya Barah,
Khartoli Lumti Talli, Kalika Dantu, Garba Tawaghat, Sobala Jhimrigaon, Sela
Urthing, Chhanger Chal, Bokang Beiling. The power map of Uttranchal as on
1/1/2002 is shown at Annex-8.1.
8.2

PROPOSED EVACUATION SYSTEM TO NEAREST FACILITY


A map has already been prepared indicating various proposed Hydro Electric
Projects for the purpose of preparation of prefeasibility report (PFR) indicating
their locations which may be seen at Annex-8.2.
8-1

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

8.3

ARRANGEMENT FOR EVACUATION OF POWER FROM BHAIRON GHATI


HEP
The 65 MW power generated at 11 kV at Bhairon Ghati HEP will be stepped
upto 220 kV by unit step-transformers.

The power would be taken to nearby

proposed 400/220 kV Chhalmi sub station. Proposed line from Bhairon Ghati
sub-station for evacuation of power is shown at Annexure - 8.3.
8.4

ROUTE LENGTH AND COSTING OF 220 KV TRANSMISSION LINE FOR


EVACUATION OF POWER FROM BHAIRON GHATI HEP
The power of this project is intended to be evacuated by proposed 220 kV D/C
line to newly proposed 400/220 kV sub-station at Chhalmi. The length of this
section of line has been estimated as 10 km (220 kV D/C line) from Bhairon
Ghati to Chhalmi including loop out portion of line. The cost of this line is
estimated as Rs. 7.50 Crores.

8-2

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

CHAPTER IX
INITIAL ENVIRONMENTAL EXAMINATION STUDIES
9.1.

INTRODUCTION
The Initial Environmental Examination of Bhairon Ghati hydroelectric project
has following objectives through various phases of development which are
proposed to be covered:

provide information on baseline environmental setting;


preliminary assessment of impacts likely to accrue during construction
and operation phases;
identify key issues which need to be studied in detail during
subsequent environmental studies

It is essential to ascertain the baseline status of relevant environmental


parameters that could undergo significant changes as a result of construction
and operation of the project. In an Initial Environmental Examination (IEE)
study, baseline status is ascertained through review of secondary data,
reconnaissance survey and interaction with the locals.
The Preliminary Impact Assessment conducted as a part of IEE Study, is
essentially a process to forecast the future environmental scenario of the
project area that might be expected to occur as a result of construction and
operation of the proposed project. The key environmental impacts which are
likely to accrue as a result of the proposed developmental activity are
identified.

Various

impacts,

which

can

endanger

the

environmental

sustainability of a project, are highlighted for comprehensive assessment as a


part of next level of environmental study during detailed studies.

9-1

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

9.2

ENVIRONMENTAL BASELINE SETTING


The study area covered includes the area within 7 km radius of various project
appurtenances. The data was collected through review of existing documents
and various engineering reports and reconnaissance surveys.
The various parameters for which baseline setting has been described have
been classified into physio-chemical, ecological and socio-economic aspects.

9.2.1 Physio-Chemical Aspects


a)

Water Quality
The Bhairon Ghati hydroelectric project site, lies on river Bhagirathi just below
its confluence with river Jadhganga. The catchment area of river Bhagirathi
intercepted at the proposed project site includes the entire catchment of river
Jadhganga as well. As per Revenue records, there are only two revenue
villages in the catchment area of river Jadhganga. These villages are Jadung
and Nelang. The village Jadung has been classified as uninhabited and
village Nelang has only two residents. As per revenue records, there is only
one village, i.e. Gangotri in the catchment of river Bhagirathi intercepted at the
intake site. The present population of village Gangotri is of the order of 160.
Thus, pollution load from domestic sources in the project catchment is
insignificant. Likewise considering the topography and terrain conditions, the
area has no industries as well. Thus, pollution from various sources is virtually
absent in the catchment intercepted at the diversion structure site. The
pristine, relatively undisturbed environment coupled with low temperature
conditions, ensure that the water quality is excellent, with D.O. levels virtually
upto saturation conditions. The TDS levels are well within the permissible

9-2

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

limit. As a result, the concentration of various cations and anions too are well
within the permissible limits.
b)

Landuse

Various project features were superimposed on the satellite data, and the
landuse pattern of the submergence area was ascertained and the same is
given in Table-9.1.The land use pattern of the submergence area is appended
as Figuirre-9.1 The satellite imagery (IRS 1D, LISS-III + PAN) of the study
area is given as Figure-9.2.
Table-9.1
Landuse pattern of the submergence area
_______________________________________________________________
S.No.
Landuse / Land cover
Area (ha)
_______________________________________________________________
1.
Forest area with dense vegetation
7.01
2.
Forest area with medium vegetation
1.35
3.
Scrub land
0.55
4.
Water bodies
4.10
5.
Rocky outcrop
0.26
______________________________________________________________
Total
13.27
_______________________________________________________________
The submergence area (considering FRL as 2642 m) is 13.27 ha. The major
land cover category in the submergence area is Forest area (8.36 ha) which
includes area with dense vegetation (7.01 ha) and medium vegetation (1.35
ha). The other major landuse category is water bodies (4.10 ha). About 0.55
ha of land in the submergence area is scrub land. As a part of next phase of
Environmental study, it is recommended that detailed studies be conducted to
ascertain the ownership status of these lands, i.e. whether the land belongs
Forest Department or is it a non-forest government land. The scrub land
could still be categorized as forest land, as far as ownership status is

9-3

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

concerned. In such a scenario, compensatory afforestation as per the norms


of Forest Conservation Act (1980) will have to be done in lieu of entire forest
land ass per ownership, irrespective of its vegetal status to be acquired for the
project.
9.2.2 Ecological Aspects
a)

Vegetation
The proposed project site lies in the western Himalayas. The nature and type
of vegetation occurring in an area depends upon a combination of various
factors including prevailing climatic conditions altitude, topography, slope,
biotic factors, etc.
The proposed project area lies between EL 2,500 m and EL 2,700 m and the
vegetation in the area can be broadly categorised as cool temperate forests.
Amongst the various forest types under temperate forests, Western mixed
coniferous forest is commonly observed in the project area and its
surroundings. Major tree species observed in the area are Morinda (Abies
pindrow) and Rai (Picea smithiana). At many locations,

Deodar (Cedrus

deodara) is also observed alongwith Morinda. At higher altitudes, within the


study area, Rai, Morinda and Banj are observed.
Considering FRL as 2642.0 m, the submergence area, works out to 13.27 ha,
of which 8.36 ha is the forest area. The submergence on the right bank lies in
Gangotri Reserved Forest and Patangani Reserved Forest. Likewise,
submergence on the left bank side, land belongs to Patangani Reserved
Forest Land.

9-4

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

Within the study area, for a stretch of 2-3 km on either side of river Bhagirathi
dense mixed forest is observed. In different stretches, species such as pine,
deodar are dominant. Beyond a distance of 2-3 km on either side of river
Bhagirathi, barren lands with no major vegetal species are observed.
The major floral species observed in the study area is given in Table-9.2.
Table-9.2
Major floral species observed in the study area
Local Name
Trees

Scientific Name

Spruce

Picea smithiana

Fir/Morinda

Abies pindrow

Pine

Pinus roxburghii

Deodar

Cedrus deodara

Padam

Prunus cornuta

Bhojpatra

Betula utilis

Banj

Quercus leucotriphora

Shrubs

b)

Aatas

Aconitum heterophyllum

Archa

Rheum webbianun

Titphada

Sarccoces saligna

Gugal

Juniperus srumata

Chiraita

Swertia chirayita

Hisar

Rubius niveus

Fauna

The forest in and around the project area especially along the right bank is
quite dense. A part of Gangotri and Patangani Reserve Forest is coming
under reservoir submergence. The population density is quite low in the area,

9-5

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

as a result of which, human interference are minimal. Thus, project and its
adjacent area have good wildlife. Based on the review of secondary data and
interaction with the Forest Department, major faunal species observed in the
project area and the study area include Musk Deer, Tiger, Jackal, Jungle Cat,
Wild Goat, Monkey, Brown bear, etc. Amongst the reptiles, lizard was the
dominant species. The commonly observed bird species observed in the
project area and its surroundings include vulture, dove, blue rock piegon,
pheasant, etc.
The list of faunal species observed in the study area including project area is
outlined in Table-9.3.
It can be observed, that many of the faunal species belong to Schedule-I &
Schedule II category. As per Wildlife Protection Act (1972), such species are
akin to rare and endangered species and need to be conserved and
preserved. Thus, it is essential to ascertain adverse impacts on such species
due to the proposed project.
Table-9.3
List of faunal species observed in the study area
including project area
Common Name

Zoological Name

Schedule as per
Wildlife
Protection Act

Musk Deer

Moschus moschiferus

Schedule I

Jackal

Canis aureus

Rhesus Monkey

Macaca mulatta

Schedule II

Wild goat

Pseudois nayaur

Schedule I

Brown Bear

Ursus arctos

Schedule I

Tiger

Panthera tigris

Schedule I

Mammals

9-6

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

Common Name

Zoological Name

Python

Python sp.

Schedule as per
Wildlife
Protection Act
Schedule-I

Wild dog

Cuon alpinus

Avi-fauna
Vulture

Gyps fulvus

Indian Ringed dove

Streptopelia decoacto

Rufous Turtle dove

Streptopelis orientalis

Blue rock piegon

Columba livia

Monal

Lopophorus imnejanus

Pheasant

Catreus wallichii

Reptiles
Lizard

a)

Hemidactyles brooki

Fisheries

The major water body in the project area are rivers Bhagirathi and
Jadhganga. Since these are perennial rivers, it is expected that there could
be quite a few species in these rivers. Based on the review of existing
literature and secondary data, it can be said that fish species such as Black
fish, Brown trout could be present in these rivers. Mahaseer, a migratory fish
species could also be present. Generally in fast flowing mountainous streams,
fish species show definite behaviour, which includes reaction to fast current
and seeking of shelter in the almost stagnant water behind rocks and
boulders. Even good swimmers like Mahaseer seek shelter for most of the
time. Majority of the fishers in such streams spend most of their life facing the
current. This helps them in two ways, viz. to maintain their upright position
and to make respiration easier.

9-7

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

It is recommended that a detailed fisheries survey be conducted in the river as


a part of EIA study to ascertain the spatio-temporal occurrence of Mahaseer.
Tank or pond fisheries is absent in the project area or study area.
9.2.3 Socio-economic Aspects
It is imperative to study socio-economic characteristics including demographic
profile of the project area and the study area. The proposed project lies in
tehsil Bhatwari of district Uttarkashi. The submergence area is not expected to
affect private land or homesteads. The entire study area, too lies within tehsil
Bhatwari of district Uttarkashi. Only three villages are observed within the
study. The demographic profile of these study area villages is given in Table
9.4.
Table-9.4
Demographic profile of the study area villages
SC

ST

Literates
Male
Female

Gangotri

Population
No. of
houseMale
Female Total
holds
51
117
6
123

117

Mukhaba

190

593

635

958

130

76

475

116

3.

Dharali

95

271

246

517

65

182

23

Total

336

981

617

1598

203

77

674

143

S.
No.

Village

1.

Source : District Census Handbook


The average family size in the study area villages is about 4.8, with a total
population of 1598. The sex ratio, i.e. number of females per 1000 males is
629. The SC population accounts for 12.7% of the total population. The ST
population is quite low in the area (4.8%). The literacy rate in the study area
is quite high (51.1%) compared to other villages in the area. The male literacy
rate is quite high (67.7%). However, female literacy rate is quite low (23.2%).

9-8

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

9.3

PREDICTION OF IMPACTS
Based on the project details and the baseline environmental status, potential
impacts as a result of the construction and operation of the proposed project
have been identified. As a part of IEE study, impacts on various aspects listed
as below have been assessed:
-

Land environment

Water resources

Water quality

Terrestrial flora

Terrestrial fanna

Aquatic ecology

Noise environment

Ambient air quality

Socio-economic environment

9.3.1 Impacts on Land Environment


a)

Construction phase
Quarrying operations
A hydroelectric project requires significant amount of construction material,
which needs to be extracted from various quarry sites in and around the
project area. To the extent possible, existing quarries need to be tapped.
Normally quarrying is done along the hill face, and generally left untreated
after extraction of the required construction material. These sites can become
permanent scar on the hill face and can become potential source of
landslides. This aspect needs to be covered as a part of the EIA study and
suitable measures for stabilization of quarry sites need to be recommended. It

9-9

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

is recommended that the quarry sites be located in non-forest land, so that


adverse impacts on flora & fauna are ameliorated to the extent possible.
Operation of construction equipment
During construction phase, various equipment will be brought to the site.
These include crushers, batching plant, drillers, earth movers, rock bolters,
etc. The siting of these construction equipment would require significant
amount of space. Similarly, space will be required for workshop, storing of
other construction equipment and materials, etc. In addition, land will also be
temporarily acquired, for storage of the quarried material before crushing,
rubble, sand crushed material, cement, spare parts yard, fuel storage, guard
room, parking of light and heavy vehicles, petrol & diesel pumps, temporary &
permanent residential colonies for government and contractors labour, water
supply and switch yard for construction purposes, etc. Various storage sites
need to be earmarked for this purpose. It is recommended that to the extent
possible, such sites are located over non-forest land.
Problems of muck disposal
A large quantity of muck is expected to be generated as a result of tunneling
operations, construction of access roads, etc. The muck so generated needs
to be properly disposed otherwise it can lead to significant adverse impacts on
environment. Normally muck is disposed along the river bank which ultimately
finds it way into the water body, leading to adverse impacts on riverine
ecology.
It is proposed that muck be disposed over low lying areas, with minimum
vegetal cover and preferably over non-forest land. Muck has low nutrients,
hence, natural vegetal growth is unlikely at muck disposal sites, as a result of

9-10

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

which specific bio-engineering measures need to be implemented. Specific


site-specific management measures can be suggested as a part of EIA study.
Construction of roads
The topography of the project area has steep to precipitous slopes which
descends rapidly into narrow valleys. Significant vehicular movement for
transportation of large construction material, heavy construction equipment is
anticipated during construction phase. Most of the roads in the project area,
would require widening. Many new roads also would have to be constructed.
Construction of new roads may lead to removal of trees on slopes and reworking of the slopes in the immediate vicinity of road, which may lead to
landslides, soil erosion, gully formation, etc. Adequate management
measures need to be implemented to ameliorate such impacts.
b)

Operation Phase

The area coming under reservoir submergence is 13.27 ha (considering FRL


as 2642 m). The submergence area lies in Reserve Forest area. In addition to
above, an area of 50-55 ha will be required for siting of various project
appurtenances, infrastructure, etc. It is recommended that to the extent
possible, such sites be located over non-forest land. The ownership category
of land required for various project appurtenances can be ascertained, once
project layout is finalized as a part of DPR preparation.
9.3.2

Impacts on Water Resources


The construction of dam as a part of the proposed project diversion of
discharge for hydropower generation would lead to reduction in flow for a river
stretch of about 6.5 km downstream of the dam site up to the confluence point

9-11

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

of tail race discharge. Since there are no users in the intervening stretch,
hence, reduction in flow during lean season is unlikely to lead to any
significant impact. However, reduction in flow is likely to have a minor impact
on riverine ecology as the discharge during lean flow is significantly less, but
intervening nallahs and streams do supplement the minimum flow in the
stretch under study.
9.3.3 Impacts on Water Quality
a)

Construction phase
The project construction is likely to last for a period of 4-5 years apart from
investigation stage. About 2000 workers and 500 technical staff are likely to
work during project construction phase. The construction phase, also leads to
mushrooming of various allied activities to meet the demands of the immigrant
labour population in the project area. Thus, the total increase in labour
population during construction phase is expected to be around 5000-6000.
The total quantum of sewage generated is expected to be of the order of 0.4
mld. The BOD load contributed by domestic sources will be about 270 kg/day.
The sewage generally shall be disposed in nearby streams or channels
through open drains, where ultimately it will find its way into river Bhagirathi.
The inadequate sewage treatment and disposal facilities could lead to
formation of pools of sewage, which can lead to increased incidence of waterborne diseases. Thus, it is recommended to commission adequate sewage
treatment facilities in the labour camps.
Normally, during construction phase, elaborate sewage treatment facilities
including primary and secondary treatment units are not commissioned, as
they are rendered useless once the construction phase is over. At such sites
septic tanks and or other low cost sanitation units are developed. Similar

9-12

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

sewage treatment measures are envisaged in the labour camps of the


proposed project as well.
b)

Operation phase

Effluent from project colony


In the operation phase, about 200 families will be residing in the area which
would generate about 0.15 mld of sewage. The quantum of sewage
generated is not expected to cause any significant adverse impact on riverine
water quality. Adequate sewage treatment facilities including secondary
treatment facilities need to be commissioned for this purpose to ameliorate
the marginal impacts. The type of treatment units that need to be installed can
be finalized, based on topography, population served, etc.
Impacts on reservoir water quality
The flooding of

forest and agricultural land in the submergence area

increases the availability of nutrients resulting from decomposition of


vegetative matter. Enrichment of impounded water with organic and inorganic
nutrients at times become a major water quality problem immediately on
commencement of the operation and is likely to continue in the initial years of
operation. However, in case of Run-off the river schemes, the submerged
area is negligible. The above referred impact is not expected to be significant.
It is recommended that a detailed modelling study be done to estimate the
D.O. level in the reservoir during its initial years of operation.

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PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

Eutrophication risks
The fertilizer use in the catchment area intercepted at the diversion structure
site is nil and is unlikely to change even during project operation phase.
Since, the present proposal envisages only hydropower generation and does
not entail command area development, problems of eutrophication, which are
primarily caused by enrichment of nutrients in water are not anticipated. Being
a Run-off-the-river scheme, no eutrophication risks are expected.
9.3.4 Impacts on Terrestrial Flora
a)

Construction phase
Increased human interferences
As mentioned earlier, about 2,500 technical staff, workers and other group of
people are likely to congregate in the area during the project construction
phase. The total increase in population is expected to be about 5000-6000.
Workers and other population groups residing in the area may use fuel wood,
if no alternate fuel is provided. On an average, the fuel wood requirements will
be of the order of 2500-2700 m3. Thus, every year, fuel wood equivalent to
about 800-900 trees will be cut, which implies that every year on an average
about 1 ha of dense forest area will be cleared for meeting fuel wood
requirements, if no alternate sources of fuel are provided. It should be made
mandatory for the contractor involved in project construction to provide
alternate source of fuel to the labour population. Alternatively, community
kitchen using LPG or kerosene as a fuel can also be run at various labour
camps.

9-14

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

b)

Operation Phase

Acquisition of forest land


About 8.36 ha of forest area and 0.55 ha of scrub land is coming under
reservoir submergence.

In addition about 50-55 ha of land will also be

required for siting of construction equipment, storage of construction material,


muck disposal, widening of existing roads, construction of new project roads,
infrastructure development. Since, the proposed site is located in a reserve
forest area, adequate management measures in the form of compensatory
afforestation need to be implemented. It is recommended that a detailed
ecological survey be conducted as a part of EIA study to assess the density
and diversity of flora in the area. Species requiring conservation need to be
identified and if required the conservation plan for the same be prepared.
9.3.5 Impacts on Terrestrial Fauna
a)

Construction phase

The forest area, in the project area and its surroundings provides habitat to
various faunal species, quite a few which are categorised as Schedule-I and
Schedule-II as per the Wildlife Protection Act (1972), which have to be
protected and conserved. As a part of the EIA study, detailed data collection
from various secondary sources needs to be done to assess the severity of
impacts due to various activities in the construction and operation phases on
Schedule-I & II species & other faunal species as well.
Perusal of various faunal species observed in the project area, indicates that
there are no migratory faunal species observed in the area. River Bhagirathi
in the project area, even in the pre-project phase, acts as a barrier to wildlife

9-15

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

movement. Thus construction of a small reservoir as a part of the proposed


project is not expected to cause any additional barrier to wildlife movement in
the project area.
b)

Operation phase

During project operation phase, accessibility to the area will improve due to
construction of roads, which in turn may increase human interference leading
to marginal adverse impacts on the terrestrial ecosystem. Since, the increase
in human population is not expected to be large, hence significant adverse
impacts on this account are not anticipated.
9.3.6 Impacts on Aquatic Ecology
a)

Construction phase
During construction of a river valley project, huge quantity of muck is
generated at various construction sites, which if not properly disposed,
invariably would flow down the river during heavy precipitation. Such condition
can lead to adverse impacts on the development of aquatic life, which needs
to be avoided.
The increased labour population during construction phase, could lead to
increased pressure on fish fauna, as a result of indiscriminate fishing by them.
Adequate protection measures at sensitive locations, identified on the basis of
fisheries survey in the EIA study need to be implemented.

9-16

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

b)

Operation phase

Amongst the aquatic animals, it is the fish life which would be most affected.
The migratory fish species, e.g. Brown trout, Black fish and Mahaseer are
likely to be adversely affected due to obstruction to their migratory route
created by the proposed barrage. The dispersal and migration pattern of
various fish species need to be ascertained to assess the degree of severity
of impacts, which needs to be done as a part of EIA study.
9.3.7 Impacts on Noise Environment
Increased noise levels are anticipated only during construction phase due to
operation of various equipment, increased vehicular traffic and blasting etc.
No human settlements are located close to the project site.

However

increased noise level, especially blasting could scare away wildlife from the
area. It has been observed during construction phase of similar projects, that
wildlife migrates from such areas and returns after the cessation of
construction activities. Similar phenomenon is expected in the proposed
project site as well. However, presence of Schedule-I & Schedule II species in
the project area, makes its imperative to conduct detailed noise modelling
studies as a part of EIA study. Based on the increased noise levels, as
estimated through modelling studies, impacts on each faunal species
observed in areas adjacent to the project site needs to be assessed.
9.3.8 Air Pollution
Pollution due to fuel combustion in various equipment
Normally, diesel is used in construction equipment. The major pollutant which
gets emitted as a result of diesel combustion is SO2. The SPM emissions are

9-17

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

minimal due to low ash content in diesel. Model studies conducted for various
projects with similar level of fuel consumption indicate that the short-term
increase in SO2, even assuming that all the equipment are operating at a
common point, is quite low, i.e. of the order of less than 1g/m3. Hence, no
major impact is anticipated on this account.
Emissions from various crushers
The operation of the crusher during the construction phase is likely to
generate fugitive emissions, which can move even up to 1 km along the
predominant wind direction. During construction phase, one crusher each is
likely to be commissioned at the diversion structure and the power house
sites. During crushing operations, fugitive emissions comprising of the
suspended particulate will be generated. Since, there are no major
settlements close to the diversion structure site, hence, significant adverse
impacts on this account are not anticipated. However, it is recommended that
the labour camp be situated at least 1 km away from the construction sites
and that too on the leeward side of the pre-dominant wind direction in the
area.
9.3.9 Impacts on Socio-Economic Environment
a)

Project construction phase


The construction phase will last for about 5 years. Those who would migrate
to this area are likely to come from various parts of the country mainly having
different cultural, ethnic and social backgrounds. Due to longer residence of
this population in one place, a new culture, having a distinct socio-economic
similarity would develop which will have its own entity. It is recommended that
labour camps/colonies be located over non-forest area.

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PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

Normally during construction phase of a project, there is significant impact on


the employment potential of the area. Many people migrate in the area in
search of jobs.
b)

Project operation phase

The land to be acquired for reservoir submergence lies in reserve forest. No


private land or homestead are to be acquired. The commissioning of a hydroelectric project provides significant impetus to economic development in the
area being supplied with power. Likewise, in the project area, commissioning
of a hydro-electric project would lead to mushrooming of various allied
activities, providing employment to locals in the area.
9.4

SUMMARY OF IMPACTS AND EMP


A summary of impacts and recommended management measures are
summarized in Table-9.5.
Table-9.5
Summary of Impacts and suggested management measures

S.
No.
1.

Parameters

Impact

Land Environment
Construction Soil erosion due to the
phase
extraction of
construction material
from various quarry
sites.
Temporary acquisition
of land for siting of
construction equipment
& material, waste
material, etc.

Management Measures

Proper treatment of
quarry site, and such
sites be located over
non-forest land

Such sites be located


over non-forest land

9-19

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

S.
No.

Parameters

Operation
phase

2.

3.

4.

Impact

Generation of muck due


to tunnelling operations
& roads.

Acquisition of forest
land in reserve forest
area.

River stretch from


diversion structure site
to tail race outfall will
have reduced flow
especially during lean
season.

In case downstream
nallahs do not
contribute lean flows
minimum flow will be
released to maintain
the riverine ecology.

Water pollution due to


disposal of sewage
from labour colonies.
Disposal of sewage
from project colony.

Provision of community
toilets and septic tanks

Provision of adequate
sewage treatment
facilities

Cutting of trees for


meeting fuel wood
requirements by labour.

Acquisition of 8.36 ha
of forest area, located
in reserve forest area.

Provision of community
kitchen by the
contractors engaged in
project construction.
Compensatory
afforestation as per the
Indian Forest
Conservation Act
(1980) and formulation
of Conservation Plan.

Water resources
Operation

phase

Water quality
Construction
phase

Operation
phase

Terrestrial flora
Construction
phase
Operation
phase

Management Measures

Disposal at designated
sites and provision of
suitable management
measures including
bio-engineering
treatment measures
and location of such
sites over non-forest
land.
Compensatory
afforestation &
formulation of
Conservation Plan

9-20

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

S.
No.
5.

Parameters

Terrestrial fauna
Construction
phase
Operation
phase

6.

Impact

Aquatic Ecology
Construction
phase

Operation
phase

7.

8.

Disturbance to wildlife
due to operation of
various construction
equipment.
Disturbance to wildlife
due to increased
accessibility in the
area.

Marginal decrease in
aquatic productivity due
to increased turbidity
and lesser light
penetration.

Marginal impact, hence


no specific
management
measures are
suggested.

Development of
hatchery for artificial
seed production and
stocking of reservoir
and the affected river
stretch

Obstruction in the path


of migratory fishes.

Drying of river stretch


downstream of
diversion structure up to
tail race outfall

Noise Environment
Construction Increase in noise levels
phase
due to operation of
various construction
equipment.
Air Environment
Construction
phase

Management Measures
Increased surveillance,
in the form of check
posts at major
construction sites and
labour camps.
Specific management
measures are not
required

Provision of release of
minimum flow in case
downstream nallahs do
not contribute to lean
flows.

Construction
equipment to be
provided with noise
control measures.

Increase in air pollution


due to use of machinery
and other civil activities.

Cyclones will be
provided in various
crushers.

9-21

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

S.
No.
9.

Parameters

Socio-economic Environment
Construction Increase in employment
phase
potential.
Operation
phase

9.5

Impact

Increased power
generation

Greater employment
opportunities.

Management Measures
-

CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS


The project lies in reserve forest area. Detailed ecological studies need to be
conducted to ascertain the adverse impacts on terrestrial flora & fauna. The
following aspects need to be studied in detail as a part of next phase of
environmental studies:
-

Impacts due to acquisition of forest land in reserve forest area.

Impacts on wildlife, especially species categorized as Schedule-I &


Schedule II species as per Wildlife Protection Act (1972).

Impediment to migratory fish species as a result of construction of


diversion structure.

Proper stabilization of quarry and muck disposal sites

Management of pollution from various sources from labour camps

9-22

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRONGHATI H.E. PROJECT

CHAPTER X
INFRASTRUCTURE FACILITIES

10.1

INTRODUCTION
The Bhaironghati hydroelectric project across the river Bhagirathi envisages
construction of a 34 m high dam (above river bed level), a diversion tunnel, a
5.1 km long HRT, an under ground desilting basin, pressure tunnel, an
underground power house with an installed capacity of 65 MW and a tail race
tunnel. The dam is located at a distance of about 97 km from Uttarkashi. The
major infrastructure facilities needed are described in the following
paragraphs.

10.2

COMMUNICATIONS

10.2.1 The nearest rail head available to the project is Rishikesh which is about 267
km from the Barrage site.
From Rishikesh to Bhaironghati via chamba, Dobata, Dunda, Uttarkashi,
Bhatwari, Gangani, Harsil a wide black topped road exists. From Uttarkashi
upto

Bhairaonghati (97 km) a motorable road exists but this requires

extensive improvement, widening and hill slope stability measures.


10.2.2 Roads in the Project Area
Apart from improvement of existing road, a new approach road is required to
be built from existing main road to intake site (4km).

10-1

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRONGHATI H.E. PROJECT

Other permanent roads to be constructed include a road from existing main


road to Power House, access tunnel

(about 3.5 km), project colony, work

adits, and other Power House Complex requirements like road to switch yard,
Power House Colony etc.
Construction roads are also required from barrage / power house site from
quarry sites, and plant and machinery workshops etc.
Considering the existing road facilities, lengths of permanent and temporary
roads that are needed will not be large.
10.2.3 Railways
The nearest railway station is Rishikesh on the broad gauge line. Railway
siding for unloading heavy machineries and equipment is to be provided at
Rishikesh.
10.3

CONSTRUCTION POWER
The power demand for the construction activities is estimated to be about 5
M.W. taking capacity of electric driven equippent and lighting which are to
work within the target time for consideration. The initial requirement in the first
two years could be 2 M.W. and this subsequently has to be increased to 3
M.W.
The power requirement can be met with by procuring the supply from
Uttaranchal authorities. For making the power available at project site
required 33/11 K.V. substation and alongwith new power lines about 3 km to
route from Bhaironghati is proposed.

10-2

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRONGHATI H.E. PROJECT

In addition to tapping grid supply, it is also proposed to provide supplemental


power aggregating to 2 M.W. as a stand by in case of interruptions in grid
supply.
10.4

TELECOMMUNICATION
To ensure efficient execution at various sites, adequate and reliable
telecommunication net work is necessary. An electronic private Automatic
Exchange with a capacity of about 50 lines is proposed.
A VHF system is also proposed to link project Head Quarters with clients
head-quarters.
Suitable number of mobile phones / walky talkies are also proposed.

10.5

PROJECT COLONIES/BUILDINGS

10.5.1 The main project colony is proposed near Bhaironghati about 3-4 km from
intake site and 10 km from power location. Facilities such as school, post
office, police station, market, primary health centre are

available at

Bhaironghati however fire fighting arrangement, canteen, recreation facility,


administrative building, 30 family quarters and a hostel are proposed to be
built.
Two more small colonies are near dam site and another near Power House
location are also to be built with other facilities.

10-3

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRONGHATI H.E. PROJECT

10.5.2 Contractors Colony and Labour Colony


Contractors colonies and two or three labour colonies with all amenities are to
be located at sites near the major works.
10.6

WORKSHOPS STORES, FABRICATION YARDS AND MAGAZINES


Workshops for maintaining the plant and equipment used for construction,
stores for construction materials, hydro-mechanical and electro-mechanical
equipments etc. will be built and maintained by the contractor. However, a
small workshop is planned for repair and maintenance facilities of project
transport vehicles and minimum

essential equipment will be built by the

client.
Areas for fabrication yards for the hydro mechanical equipment, viz the
various gates and hoists, pressure tunnel liners, penstocks etc. will have to be
identified near the work sites.
Two explosive magazines one for the works at dam site and rock quarries and
another for the underground works are to be built.
10.7

WATER SUPPLY AND SANITATION


For drinking purposes in the colony areas, suitable water treatment plants for
treating water drawn from the river Bhagirathi will be used. For construction
purposes, water directly pumped from the river and stored will be used.
Suitable sanitation and sewerage treatment facilities will have to be mode at
all the project and labour colony areas.

10-4

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

CHAPTER XI
CONSTRUCTION PLANNING & SCHEDULE
11.1

INTRODUCTION
The Bhairon Ghati H.E. Project is located in the higher attitudes of about EL
2610 m in the Himalayas and within the region heavy snow is experienced
during winters. At Badrinath, in Alaknanda sub-basin adjoining Bhagirathi subbasin an IMD observatory is located reveal that for about 5 months from
December to April heavy snow fall takes place. As such it is inferred that the
project area also has a limited working season as regards construction of
surface works are concerned. A period of 24 months has been provided for
preparation of field investigations, subsurface exploration as required for
preparation Detailed Project Report including statutory clearances / approvals.
Thereafter 24 months have been provided for pre-construction activities,
surveys, development of infrastructure facilities, and construction power,
deciding on the developmental funds / agencies for execution, engineering
design, approach roads, tender engineering etc.

Thereafter construction

phase starts only after completion of the initial two phases. A construction
period of 5 years has been considered based on the specific location of the
project in higher attitude and remoteness of the area. The initial 24 months
period for DPR preparation could be optimized in case other potential projects
in the basin are taken up simultaneously.
11.2

CONSTRUCTION METHODOLOGY
Bhairon Ghati H.E. Project is envisage as a Run-off-the-River scheme across
Bhagirathi river. Diurnal gross Storage of about 1.883 Mcum and with live
storage of 0.853 Mcum

shall be created by a gravity dam and with the

11-1

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

arrangement of gates the flow is proposed to be diverted through a tunnel of


4.5 m dia of horse shoe shaped and 5.1 Km long to the underground power
house and a small tailrace tunnel leading the discharges back to the river.
11.3

MATERIAL SOURCES
During the reconnaissance visit with a geologist and Engineer it is seen that
sand is available near by of the power house site and further d/s in the river
bed. Coarse aggregate shall have to be crushed from the nearby quary site
selected for the construction purpose.

11.4

CONTRACT PACKAGES
The contracts packages shall be mainly in the following packages :
a)

Headworks including Hydro mechanical

b)

Intake tunneling work including adits with desilting chambers.

c)

Power house, pressure shaft, surge shaft, tailrace tunnel with adits and
approaches

d)

Hydro mechanical equipment.

e)

Hydro Electrical equipment

The eligibility of the contractors shall have to be suitably fixed based on


working experience under similar conditions.

The auxiliary works of river

diversion including diversion tunnel, coffer dam, penstock installation and


fabrication shall be part of the civil works. However, the basic site facilities of
storage at sites for contractor, approach roads, construction equipment,
testing laboratory, staff colony, field offices and hostels at power house and
intake site could be taken up departmentally to enhance the pace of work and
cost recovered from the contractors. The construction equipment packages

11-2

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

could be contracted earlier so that by the time civil contractors mobilize the
site facilities and some minimum equipment are made available.
11.5

SCHEDULE OF WORK
As envisaged the underground works could progress and may not be
hampered much by the restricted working season but the progress of work
shall be at a lower rate. The surface work shall be limited to about 150 days
in a year with 25 working days in a month and 8 working hours. For the
subsurface works the seasonal effect will be felt on the progress of work due
to low temperatures restricted and reduced supplies as such reduction of
progress in snowy period is considered and about 200 days could be utilized.
Two shift working is considered economical due to shortage of

working

season, but third shift could be planned based on progress of work and
seasonal constraints.
11.6

CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITIES
After the financial terms and the Party/ Agency for investment in the
construction is decided, NIT for fixing the civil contractor can be invited within
6 months on ICB basis.

a)

Diversion of river
As the river gorge is narrow a diversion tunnel on the left bank is proposed
before construction of the dam. The diversion tunnel invert level is kept at
minimum flow level and completed in three months immediately after the
floods recede and before snow fall starts and hampers the surface works,
however, the underground works could progress. The coffer dams could be
constructed during next lean flood period and subsequent floods could be

11-3

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

allowed to over top the masonry coffer dam. The dam shall be constructed in
phases of overflow and non-overflow sections. Once the dam is fully operative
the diversion tunnel could be plugged. The river bed excavation shall be
handled by 3.0 cum hydraulic excavators and Rear Dumpers (25t).
b)

Construction of the dam shall be completed in 33 months.

c)

Power House
The under ground Power house accommodates 2x32.5 MW units.

The

excavation of the power house cavern shall be by convential drilling and


blasting method deploying air track, jack hammers and mucking shall be
through trolleys mounted on rails as the working space in the tunnel shall be
limited. Approach to the Power House cavern shall be from the highway by a
small additional road with an access tunnel from the same bank.
d)

Tunnelling
The finished dia of the tunnel (HRT) is proposed as 4.5 m and 5.1 Km long.
As regards approach to Power House from the highway which is in the left
bank

a small approach road shall be constructed on the same bank to

approach the Power House adit and also approach the Surge Shaft. One Adit
each at Power House, Surge Shaft shall be provided. As both the banks of the
river are under Deodar Forest as such no additional adit is proposed and
approach roads to Surge shaft, Power house and intake structure shall be of
minimum length. There shall be two faces for working on the HRT. Tunnel
excavation shall be based on conventional drilling and blasting and supported
by ribs where essential and supporting the excavated rock face by
shotcreting. A period of 39 months has been kept for tunnel & power house

11-4

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

construction. The pressure shaft and Surge shaft shall be excavated through
Alimak Raise Climber.
The construction schedule at PFR stage studies is given in the enclosed
Plate 11-1.

11-5

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

CHAPTER-XII
COST ESTIMATE
12.1

INTRODUCTION
Bhairon Ghati H.E. Project is proposed as Run-off-the River scheme on the
river Bhagirathi to tap its hydropower potential.

The diversion structure is

located downstream of its confluence with Jadhganga in Uttarkashi district.


The project envisages to divert the water of Bhagirathi into water conductor
system by means of a diversion structure (a concrete gravity dam) across the
river.

The water conductor system comprises of an intake,

underground

desilting chambers followed by a 5.1 km long head race tunnel of 4.5 m


diameter (horse shoe shaped), a surge shaft of 10 m diameter, a pressure
shaft which bifurcates near power house to feed two units of 32.5 MW each
and housed in an underground power house. A 190 m long tail race tunnel
discharges the water back into the river Bhagirathi upstream of another
proposed Harsil H.E. scheme head works.
12.2

ABSTRACT OF COSTS
The Project is estimated to cost Rs. 256.29 crores at June 2003 price level
the break down of cost is given below :
Item

Estimated Cost
( Rs. Crore )

Civil Works

164.94

Electrical Works

91.35

Sub Total (Generation)

256.29

12-1

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

The project estimate has been prepared on the basis of Guidelines for
preparation of cost estimates for River Valley projects published by Central
Water Commission,

New Delhi.

The abstract of cost of civil works is

enclosed as Annexure 12.1. The above cost does not include the cost of
transmission.

However cost of power evacuation for this project under

construction has been arrived as Rs. 7.5 Crores. Cost of Electromechanical


is enclosed as Annexure 12.2
The estimate for civil & Hydro mechanical works have been prepared based
on the as average rates for major items of works made available by CWC in
the guidelines for estimating the civil cost for the preparation of PFR.
The electro mechanical rates have been adopted on the basis of enquiry
floated to various reputed manufactures / supplier. The rates are inclusive of
excise duty & taxes.
The phased programme of construction has been given in the relevant
chapter with this report.
Cost provisions for the various items mentioned below has been made on
lump sum percentage basis of C-Works & J Power Plant Civil Works for
working out the total

cost of

project at pre - feasibility stage.

12-2

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

S.No.

Items

Provisions of % of
C- Works & J - Power
Plant Civil Works

A. Preliminary

2%

K. Buildings

4%

O. Miscellaneous

5%

P. Maintenance

1% of (C+J+K+R)

R. Communication

X. Environment & Ecology

Y. Losses on Stock

4%
2.0%
0.25% of C Works,
J - Power Plant - Civil
Works, K - Building &
R - Communication

12-3

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

CHAPTER XIII
ECONOMIC EVALUATION
13.1

GENERAL
The economic and financial evaluation of the Bhairon Ghati H.E project have
been carried out considering the standard guidelines issued by Central
Electricity Authority and the norms laid down by the Central Electricity
Regulatory Commission (CERC) for Hydro projects.

13.2

PROJECT BENEFITS

13.2.1 The scheme would afford on annual energy generation of 293.18 GWh in a
90% dependable year. For assessing the tariff, design energy generation of
279.45 GWh , calculated with 95% capacity availability in a 90% dependable
year, has been adopted.

The project would provide 65 MW of peaking

capacity benefits.
13.3

CAPITAL COST
The project cost has been estimated at Rs. 256.29 crores without IDC based
on the criteria for Adoption of Rates and Cost for preparation of PFRs of
hydro-electric projects issued by CEA and is as given below:
1.

Cost of civil works

= Rs. 164.94

Crores

2.

Cost of Electrical/Mechanical works

= Rs

Crores

Total

= Rs. 256.29

91.35

Crores

13-1

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

13.4

MODE OF FINANCING
The project is proposed to be financed with a debt equity ratio of 70:30. An
interest rate of 10% on the loan component has been considered for the
financial analysis of the project. The interest on the working capital is taken
as 9.75%.

13.5

PHASING OF EXPENDITURE
The project is proposed to be completed in 5 years period in all respect with
full benefit available after 5 years.

The detailed year wise phasing of

expenditure based upon the above construction programme for Civil &
Electrical works is given in Annexure 13.1.
13.6

FINANCIAL ANALYSIS

13.6.1 Basic and Normative Parameters


The following basic parameters have been adopted for working out the
financial analysis of the project.
i)
ii)

Estimated capital cost of Rs. 296.82 Crores considering the Interest


during construction.
Annual energy generation of 293.18 GWh in 90% dependable year and
Design energy of 279.45 GWh.

iii)

Operation & maintenance expenses (including insurance) @ 1.5% of


the project cost in the first year with 5% escalation every year.

iv)

Depreciation @ 3.5 % has been considered on an average basis.

v)

Auxiliary consumption @ 0.7 % of the energy generated.

vi)

Transformation loss @ 0.5% of the energy generated.

vii)

Interest on working capital @ 9.75%.

13-2

PFR STUDIES OF BHAIRON GHATI H.E. PROJECT

viii)

Interest during construction has been worked out based upon the
interest rates as mentioned above.

The computations are given in

Annexure 13.2 for present day capital cost.


ix)

Corporate tax @ 30%.

x)

Return on equity @ 16%.

13.6.2 ASSESSMENT OF TARIFF


Based upon the parameters given above, the sale rate of energy at bus bar
has been computed in Annexure 13.3. The sale rate applicable in the first
year and levellised tariff is indicated below.
TABLE 13.2

13.7

Tariff Period

Tariff
(Rs./KWh)

First Year

1.80

Levellised Tariff

1.57

CONCLUSION
The sale rate of energy indicated above shows that the energy generated
from the project is financially viable and economically attractive.

13-3

Annexure 13.2

BHAIRONGHATI HYDEL SCHEME ( Underground Power House )

Calculation of Interest During Construction

Debt : Equity 70 : 30
Interest rate @ 10 %
(INR crores)

Year

Project
cost

Equity for
IDC
(6) x 0.30
7

ITERATION - I
Loan for
IDC
(6) x 0.70
8

IDC
10.0%
9

0.00
1.28
6.41
12.81
16.66

0.00
0.38
1.92
3.84
5.00

0.00
0.90
4.49
8.97
11.66

37.16

11.15

26.01

Equity
component
(30%)

Loan
component
(70%)

Cummulative
loan

IDC
10.0%

(Civil & E&M)


2

1
2
3
4
5

25.63
76.89
76.89
51.26
25.63

25.63
51.26
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
25.63
76.89
51.26
25.63

0.00
25.63
102.52
153.77
179.40

Total

256.29

76.89

179.40

GRAND TOTAL
TOTAL
Capitalised
IDC
cost
10

11

0.00
0.04
0.31
0.99
2.02

0.00
1.33
6.72
13.80
18.68

25.63
78.21
83.61
65.06
44.31

3.36

40.53

296.82

Annexure -13.1

BHAIRONGHATI HYDEL SCHEME ( Underground Power House )

Phasing of Expenditure

INR crores

Year

Civil cost

E & M cost

Total cost

1
2
3
4
5

16.49
49.48
49.48
32.99
16.49

9.14
27.41
27.41
18.27
9.14

25.63
76.89
76.89
51.26
25.63

Total

164.94

91.35

256.29

Annexure -

13.3

BHAIRONGHATI HYDEL SCHEME ( Underground Power House )


TARIFF CALCULATIONS WITH PROJECTED COMPLETION COST

Debt:Equity Ratio
Yr 1
BASIC PARAMETERS
Capacity (MW)
Capital Cost (INR crores)
Capital Cost with IDC .
Equity Portion (%)
Debt Portion (%)
Capital Cost/MW (INR crores)
Interest rate for WC (%)
Tax rate (%)
Interest rate on loan from Financial Institutions (%)
Total annual energy (GWh)
Design energy with 90% dependibility (GWh)
Saleable Energy after aux. (GWh)
consumption & transformation losses

65.00
256.29
296.82
30.00
70.00
4.57
9.75
30.00
10.00
293.18
279.45
276.11

Yr 2

Yr 3

65.00
256.29
296.82
30.00
70.00
4.57
9.75
30.00
10.00
293.18
279.45
276.11

Yr 4

65.00
256.29
296.82
30.00
70.00
4.57
9.75
30.00
10.00
293.18
279.45
276.11

65.00
256.29
296.82
30.00
70.00
4.57
9.75
30.00
10.00
293.18
279.45
276.11

Yr 5

Yr 6

65.00
256.29
296.82
30.00
70.00
4.57
9.75
30.00
10.00
293.18
279.45
276.11

65.00
256.29
296.82
30.00
70.00
4.57
9.75
30.00
10.00
293.18
279.45
276.11

Yr 7

65.00
256.29
296.82
30.00
70.00
4.57
9.75
30.00
10.00
293.18
279.45
276.11

7.0

Yr 8

Yr 9

65.00
256.29
296.82
30.00
70.00
4.57
9.75
30.00
10.00
293.18
279.45
276.11

65.00
256.29
296.82
30.00
70.00
4.57
9.75
30.00
10.00
293.18
279.45
276.11

Yr 10

65.00
256.29
296.82
30.00
70.00
4.57
9.75
30.00
10.00
293.18
279.45
276.11

3.0
Yr 11

65.00
256.29
296.82
30.00
70.00
4.57
9.75
30.00
10.00
293.18
279.45
276.11

Yr 12

65.00
256.29
296.82
30.00
70.00
4.57
9.75
30.00
10.00
293.18
279.45
276.11

FINANCIAL PACKAGE (INR crores)


LOAN
Loan Component

% of
total
loan

207.8

Fin. Institutions

Intt.
Rate
(%)

AMOUNT
(INR
crores)

EQUITY

% of
total
equity

% of
project
cost

AMOUNT
(INR
crores)

207.77

Equity component

89.04
296.8

89.04

Fin. Institutions

Total
Period

% of
project
cost

Repayment

Financial Inst.

Repayment Amount/year
Financial Institutions

Construction Period (Yrs.)

Moratorium
10

Installment/yr.
0

20.78

1/12

100.00

70.00

100.00

70.00

10.00

207.77

207.77

Equity

Total

100.00

30.00

89.04

100.00

30.00

89.04

Annexure -

13.3

BHAIRONGHATI HYDEL SCHEME ( Underground Power House )


TARIFF CALCULATIONS WITH PROJECTED COMPLETION COST

Debt:Equity Ratio

NORMATIVE PARAMETERS
O & M Charges incl. Insurance (%)
O & M Inflation rate (%)
Rate of return on equity (%)
Rate of Depreciation (ES Act) (%)
Rate of Depreciation (IT Act) (%)
Spares for 1 yr -1/5th C.S
Auxiliary consumption (%)
Transformation Losses (%)
SCHEDULE OF LOAN REPAYMENT
AGENCY

FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS
Outstanding Term loan
Term loan installment
Cum. Loan Repaid
Interest on Term loan
Total Yearly installment

LOAN SERVICING
Outstanding Term loan
Loan Repayment Installment
Sources of Funds for Repayment
- Depreciation (ES Act)
- Advance Depreciation
- Additional sources (ROE )

7.0

3.0

Yr 1

Yr 2

Yr 3

Yr 4

Yr 5

Yr 6

Yr 7

Yr 8

Yr 9

Yr 10

Yr 11

Yr 12

Year

1
1.50
5.00
16.00
3.50
25.00
0.59
0.70
0.50

2
1.50
5.00
16.00
3.50
25.00
0.59
0.70
0.50

3
1.50
5.00
16.00
3.50
25.00
0.59
0.70
0.50

4
1.50
5.00
16.00
3.50
25.00
0.59
0.70
0.50

5
1.50
5.00
16.00
3.50
25.00
0.59
0.70
0.50

6
1.50
5.00
16.00
3.50
25.00
0.59
0.70
0.50

7
1.50
5.00
16.00
3.50
25.00
0.59
0.70
0.50

8
1.50
5.00
16.00
3.50
25.00
0.59
0.70
0.50

9
1.50
5.00
16.00
3.50
25.00
0.59
0.70
0.50

10
1.50
5.00
16.00
3.50
25.00
0.59
0.70
0.50

11
1.50
5.00
16.00
3.50
25.00
0.59
0.70
0.50

12
1.50
5.00
16.00
3.50
25.00
0.59
0.70
0.50

Year

10

11

12

207.77
20.78
20.78
19.74
40.52

186.99
20.78
41.55
17.66
38.44

166.22
20.78
62.33
15.58
36.36

145.44
20.78
83.11
13.51
34.28

124.66
20.78
103.89
11.43
32.20

103.89
20.78
124.66
9.35
30.13

83.11
20.78
145.44
7.27
28.05

62.33
20.78
166.22
5.19
25.97

41.55
20.78
186.99
3.12
23.89

20.78
20.78
207.77
1.04
21.82

0.00
0.00
207.77
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
207.77
0.00
0.00

207.77
20.78

186.99
20.78

166.22
20.78

145.44
20.78

124.66
20.78

103.89
20.78

83.11
20.78

62.33
20.78

41.55
20.78

20.78
20.78

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

10.39
0.00
10.39

10.39
0.00
10.39

10.39
0.00
10.39

10.39
0.00
10.39

10.39
0.00
10.39

10.39
0.00
10.39

10.39
0.00
10.39

10.39
0.00
10.39

10.39
0.00
10.39

10.39
0.00
10.39

0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00

19.74
40.52

17.66
38.44

15.58
36.36

13.51
34.28

11.43
32.20

9.35
30.13

7.27
28.05

5.19
25.97

3.12
23.89

1.04
21.82

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

COMPUTATION OF TARIFF COMPONENTS


INTEREST ON CAPITAL
Interest on Term loan
Total Yearly Installment

2/12

Annexure -

13.3

BHAIRONGHATI HYDEL SCHEME ( Underground Power House )


TARIFF CALCULATIONS WITH PROJECTED COMPLETION COST

Debt:Equity Ratio
Yr 1

Yr 2

Yr 3

Yr 4

Yr 5

Yr 6

Yr 7

Yr 8

7.0
Yr 9

3.0

Yr 10

Yr 11

Yr 12

RATE OF RETURN
Equity amount
Return on Equity

89.04
14.25

89.04
14.25

89.04
14.25

89.04
14.25

89.04
14.25

89.04
14.25

89.04
14.25

89.04
14.25

89.04
14.25

89.04
14.25

89.04
14.25

89.04
14.25

O & M EXPENSES

4.45

4.67

4.91

5.15

5.41

5.68

5.97

6.26

6.58

6.91

7.25

7.61

0.37
0.59

0.39
0.59

0.41
0.59

0.43
0.59

0.45
0.59

0.47
0.59

0.50
0.59

0.52
0.59

0.55
0.59

0.58
0.59

0.60
0.59

0.63
0.59

1.73
3.29
2.37
0.74
0.00
0.11
9.21
0.90

1.73
2.94
2.37
0.78
0.00
0.11
8.92
0.87

1.73
2.60
2.37
0.82
0.00
0.10
8.63
0.84

1.73
2.25
2.37
0.86
0.00
0.10
8.34
0.81

1.73
1.90
2.37
0.90
0.00
0.10
8.05
0.79

1.73
1.56
2.37
0.95
0.00
0.09
7.77
0.76

1.73
1.21
2.37
0.99
0.00
0.09
7.49
0.73

1.73
0.87
2.37
1.04
0.00
0.09
7.22
0.70

1.73
0.52
2.37
1.10
0.00
0.08
6.95
0.68

1.73
0.17
2.37
1.15
0.00
0.08
6.68
0.65

1.73
0.00
2.37
1.21
0.29
0.08
6.88
0.67

1.73
0.00
2.37
1.27
1.85
0.10
8.55
0.83

DEPRECIATION (ES ACT) (INR crores)


Total Depreciable Amount
Opening Depreciation Fund
Yearly Depreciation (ES Act)
Cumulative Depreciation Fund
Loan Repayment Installment
Advance Dep. for loan Repayment
Return on Eq. for loan Repayment
Closing Cummulative Dep. Fund
Total Depreciation
Net Depreciable Amount

267.13
0.00
10.39
10.39
20.78
0.00
10.39
-10.39
10.39
267.13

256.75
-10.39
10.39
0.00
20.78
0.00
10.39
-20.78
10.39
256.75

246.36
-20.78
10.39
-10.39
20.78
0.00
10.39
-31.17
10.39
246.36

235.97
-31.17
10.39
-20.78
20.78
0.00
10.39
-41.55
10.39
235.97

225.58
-41.55
10.39
-31.17
20.78
0.00
10.39
-51.94
10.39
225.58

215.19
-51.94
10.39
-41.55
20.78
0.00
10.39
-51.94
10.39
215.19

204.80
-51.94
10.39
-41.55
20.78
0.00
10.39
-51.94
10.39
204.80

194.41
-51.94
10.39
-41.55
20.78
0.00
10.39
-51.94
10.39
194.41

184.03
-51.94
10.39
-41.55
20.78
0.00
10.39
-51.94
10.39
184.03

173.64
-51.94
10.39
-41.55
20.78
0.00
10.39
-51.94
10.39
173.64

163.25
-51.94
10.39
-41.55
0.00
0.00
0.00
-41.55
10.39
163.25

152.86
-41.55
10.39
-31.17
0.00
0.00
0.00
-31.17
10.39
152.86

DEPRECIATION (IT ACT) (INR crores)


Sum at charge
Depreciation (IT Act)
Dep.limited to 90% of capital cost

296.82
74.20
74.20

222.61
55.65
55.65

166.96
41.74
41.74

125.22
31.30
31.30

93.91
23.48
23.48

70.44
17.61
17.61

52.83
13.21
13.21

39.62
9.91
9.91

29.72
7.43
0.03

22.29
5.57
0.00

16.71
4.18
0.00

12.54
3.13
0.00

INTEREST ON WORKING CAPITAL


WORKING CAPITAL
O & M Expenses - 1 month
Spares 1 year - 1/5th cap spares
Receivables for 2 months
DEP(ES Act)
Interest
Return on Equity
O&M
I.Tax
Interest on W.C.
Total Working capital
Interest on Working Capital

3/12

Annexure -

13.3

BHAIRONGHATI HYDEL SCHEME ( Underground Power House )


TARIFF CALCULATIONS WITH PROJECTED COMPLETION COST

Debt:Equity Ratio
Yr 1
TAX LIABILITY (INR crores)
Yearly Profit/loss
Cummulative Profit/loss (+/-)
Tax liability

Yr 2

Yr 3

Yr 4

Yr 5

Yr 6

Yr 7

Yr 8

7.0
Yr 9

3.0

Yr 10

Yr 11

Yr 12

-49.57
-49.57
0.00

-31.02
-80.59
0.00

-17.10
-97.69
0.00

-6.67
-104.36
0.00

1.16
-103.20
0.00

7.03
-96.17
0.00

11.43
-84.75
0.00

14.73
-70.02
0.00

24.60
-45.41
0.00

24.64
-20.78
0.00

24.64
3.86
1.74

24.64
28.49
11.09

CAPACITY AND ENERGY CHARGES


Annual Capacity Charge (INR crores)

30.13

28.05

25.97

23.89

21.82

19.74

17.66

15.58

13.51

11.43

10.39

10.39

Annual Energy Charge (INR crores)

19.60

19.79

20.00

20.21

20.44

20.69

20.94

21.22

21.50

21.81

23.91

33.78

Total Annual Charge (INR crores)


Average Tariff (INR/kWh)
Average Tariff for 5 years (INR/kWh)

49.72
1.80
1.67

47.84
1.73

45.97
1.66

44.11
1.60

42.26
1.53

40.43
1.46
1.33

38.60
1.40

36.80
1.33

35.01
1.27

33.23
1.20

34.30
1.24
1.55

44.17
1.60

Discount rate (%)


Discounted Average Tariff (INR/kWh)
Levellised Eq.Avg. Tariff (INR/kWh)

12.00 / Year

1
1.80
1.57

2
1.55

3
1.33

4/12

4
1.14

5
0.97

6
0.83

7
0.71

8
0.60

9
0.51

10
0.43

11
0.40

12
0.46

Annexure - 13.3
BHAIRONGHATI HYDEL SCHEME ( Underground Power House )
TARIFF CALCULATIONS WITH PROJECTED COMPLETION COST

Debt:Equity Ratio
Yr 13
BASIC PARAMETERS
Capacity (MW)
Capital Cost (INR crores)
Capital Cost with IDC .
Equity Portion (%)
Debt Portion (%)
Capital Cost/MW (INR crores)
Interest rate for WC (%)
Tax rate (%)
Interest rate on loan from Financial Institutions (%)
Total annual energy (GWh)
Design energy with 90% dependibility (GWh)
Saleable Energy after aux. (GWh)
consumption & transformation losses

65.00
256.29
296.82
30.00
70.00
4.57
9.75
30.00
10.00
293.18
279.45
276.11

Yr 14

65.00
256.29
296.82
30.00
70.00
4.57
9.75
30.00
10.00
293.18
279.45
276.11

Yr 15

Yr 16

65.00
256.29
296.82
30.00
70.00
4.57
9.75
30.00
10.00
293.18
279.45
276.11

65.00
256.29
296.82
30.00
70.00
4.57
9.75
30.00
10.00
293.18
279.45
276.11

FINANCIAL PACKAGE (INR crores)


Loan Component

207.8

Fin. Institutions

207.77

Equity component

89.04
296.8

89.04

Period

Repayment

Financial Inst.

Repayment Amount/year
Financial Institutions

Construction Period (Yrs.)

Moratorium
10

Installment/yr.
0

20.78

5/12

Yr 17

65.00
256.29
296.82
30.00
70.00
4.57
9.75
30.00
10.00
293.18
279.45
276.11

Yr 18

65.00
256.29
296.82
30.00
70.00
4.57
9.75
30.00
10.00
293.18
279.45
276.11

Yr 19

65.00
256.29
296.82
30.00
70.00
4.57
9.75
30.00
10.00
293.18
279.45
276.11

Yr 20

65.00
256.29
296.82
30.00
70.00
4.57
9.75
30.00
10.00
293.18
279.45
276.11

7.0
Yr 21

65.00
256.29
296.82
30.00
70.00
4.57
9.75
30.00
10.00
293.18
279.45
276.11

Yr 22

65.00
256.29
296.82
30.00
70.00
4.57
9.75
30.00
10.00
293.18
279.45
276.11

3.0
Yr 23

65.00
256.29
296.82
30.00
70.00
4.57
9.75
30.00
10.00
293.18
279.45
276.11

Yr 24

65.00
256.29
296.82
30.00
70.00
4.57
9.75
30.00
10.00
293.18
279.45
276.11

Annexure - 13.3
BHAIRONGHATI HYDEL SCHEME ( Underground Power House )
TARIFF CALCULATIONS WITH PROJECTED COMPLETION COST

Debt:Equity Ratio

NORMATIVE PARAMETERS
O & M Charges incl. Insurance (%)
O & M Inflation rate (%)
Rate of return on equity (%)
Rate of Depreciation (ES Act) (%)
Rate of Depreciation (IT Act) (%)
Spares for 1 yr -1/5th C.S
Auxiliary consumption (%)
Transformation Losses (%)
SCHEDULE OF LOAN REPAYMENT
AGENCY

FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS
Outstanding Term loan
Term loan installment
Cum. Loan Repaid
Interest on Term loan
Total Yearly installment

LOAN SERVICING
Outstanding Term loan
Loan Repayment Installment
Sources of Funds for Repayment
- Depreciation (ES Act)
- Advance Depreciation
- Additional sources (ROE )

7.0

3.0

Yr 13

Yr 14

Yr 15

Yr 16

Yr 17

Yr 18

Yr 19

Yr 20

Yr 21

Yr 22

Yr 23

Yr 24

Year

13
1.50
5.00
16.00
3.50
25.00
0.59
0.70
0.50

14
1.50
5.00
16.00
3.50
25.00
0.59
0.70
0.50

15
1.50
5.00
16.00
3.50
25.00
0.59
0.70
0.50

16
1.50
5.00
16.00
3.50
25.00
0.59
0.70
0.50

17
1.50
5.00
16.00
3.50
25.00
0.59
0.70
0.50

18
1.50
5.00
16.00
3.50
25.00
0.59
0.70
0.50

19
1.50
5.00
16.00
3.50
25.00
0.59
0.70
0.50

20
1.50
5.00
16.00
3.50
25.00
0.59
0.70
0.50

21
1.50
5.00
16.00
3.50
25.00
0.59
0.70
0.50

22
1.50
5.00
16.00
3.50
25.00
0.59
0.70
0.50

23
1.50
5.00
16.00
3.50
25.00
0.59
0.70
0.50

24
1.50
5.00
16.00
3.50
25.00
0.59
0.70
0.50

Year

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

0.00
0.00
207.77
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
207.77
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
207.77
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
207.77
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
207.77
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
207.77
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
207.77
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
207.77
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
207.77
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
207.77
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
207.77
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
207.77
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

COMPUTATION OF TARIFF COMPONENTS


INTEREST ON CAPITAL
Interest on Term loan
Total Yearly Installment

6/12

Annexure - 13.3
BHAIRONGHATI HYDEL SCHEME ( Underground Power House )
TARIFF CALCULATIONS WITH PROJECTED COMPLETION COST

Debt:Equity Ratio

7.0

3.0

Yr 13

Yr 14

Yr 15

Yr 16

Yr 17

Yr 18

Yr 19

Yr 20

Yr 21

Yr 22

Yr 23

Yr 24

RATE OF RETURN
Equity amount
Return on Equity

89.04
14.25

89.04
14.25

89.04
14.25

89.04
14.25

89.04
14.25

89.04
14.25

89.04
14.25

89.04
14.25

89.04
14.25

89.04
14.25

89.04
14.25

89.04
14.25

O & M EXPENSES

8.00

8.40

8.82

9.26

9.72

10.20

10.71

11.25

11.81

12.40

13.02

13.68

0.67
0.59

0.70
0.59

0.73
0.59

0.77
0.59

0.81
0.59

0.85
0.59

0.89
0.59

0.94
0.59

0.98
0.59

1.03
0.59

1.09
0.59

1.14
0.59

1.73
0.00
2.37
1.33
1.85
0.10
8.65
0.84

1.73
0.00
2.37
1.40
1.85
0.11
8.75
0.85

1.73
0.00
2.37
1.47
1.85
0.11
8.86
0.86

1.73
0.00
2.37
1.54
1.85
0.11
8.97
0.87

1.73
0.00
2.37
1.62
1.85
0.11
9.09
0.89

1.73
0.00
2.37
1.70
1.85
0.11
9.21
0.90

1.73
0.00
2.37
1.79
1.85
0.11
9.34
0.91

1.73
0.00
2.37
1.88
1.85
0.11
9.47
0.92

1.73
0.00
2.37
1.97
1.85
0.12
9.62
0.94

1.73
0.00
2.37
2.07
1.85
0.12
9.77
0.95

1.73
0.00
2.37
2.17
1.85
0.12
9.92
0.97

1.73
0.00
2.37
2.28
1.85
0.12
10.09
0.98

DEPRECIATION (ES ACT) (INR crores)


Total Depreciable Amount
Opening Depreciation Fund
Yearly Depreciation (ES Act)
Cumulative Depreciation Fund
Loan Repayment Installment
Advance Dep. for loan Repayment
Return on Eq. for loan Repayment
Closing Cummulative Dep. Fund
Total Depreciation
Net Depreciable Amount

142.47
-31.17
10.39
-20.78
0.00
0.00
0.00
-20.78
10.39
142.47

132.08
-20.78
10.39
-10.39
0.00
0.00
0.00
-10.39
10.39
132.08

121.69
-10.39
10.39
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
10.39
121.69

111.31
0.00
10.39
10.39
0.00
0.00
0.00
10.39
10.39
111.31

100.92
10.39
10.39
20.78
0.00
0.00
0.00
20.78
10.39
100.92

90.53
20.78
10.39
31.17
0.00
0.00
0.00
31.17
10.39
90.53

80.14
31.17
10.39
41.55
0.00
0.00
0.00
41.55
10.39
80.14

69.75
41.55
10.39
51.94
0.00
0.00
0.00
51.94
10.39
69.75

59.36
51.94
10.39
62.33
0.00
0.00
0.00
62.33
10.39
59.36

48.97
62.33
10.39
72.72
0.00
0.00
0.00
72.72
10.39
48.97

38.59
72.72
10.39
83.11
0.00
0.00
0.00
83.11
10.39
38.59

28.20
83.11
10.39
93.50
0.00
0.00
0.00
93.50
10.39
28.20

DEPRECIATION (IT ACT) (INR crores)


Sum at charge
Depreciation (IT Act)
Dep.limited to 90% of capital cost

9.40
2.35
0.00

7.05
1.76
0.00

5.29
1.32
0.00

3.97
0.99
0.00

2.97
0.74
0.00

2.23
0.56
0.00

1.67
0.42
0.00

1.26
0.31
0.00

0.94
0.24
0.00

0.71
0.18
0.00

0.53
0.13
0.00

0.40
0.10
0.00

INTEREST ON WORKING CAPITAL


WORKING CAPITAL
O & M Expenses - 1 month
Spares 1 year - 1/5th cap spares
Receivables for 2 months
DEP(ES Act)
Interest
Return on Equity
O&M
I.Tax
Interest on W.C.
Total Working capital
Interest on Working Capital

7/12

Annexure - 13.3
BHAIRONGHATI HYDEL SCHEME ( Underground Power House )
TARIFF CALCULATIONS WITH PROJECTED COMPLETION COST

Debt:Equity Ratio

TAX LIABILITY (INR crores)


Yearly Profit/loss
Cummulative Profit/loss (+/-)
Tax liability

24.64
53.13
11.09

24.64
77.77
11.09

24.64
102.40
11.09

24.64
127.04
11.09

24.64
151.67
11.09

24.64
176.31
11.09

24.64
200.94
11.09

24.64
225.58
11.09

24.64
250.22
11.09

24.64
274.85
11.09

24.64
299.49
11.09

24.64
324.12
11.09

CAPACITY AND ENERGY CHARGES


Annual Capacity Charge (INR crores)

10.39

10.39

10.39

10.39

10.39

10.39

10.39

10.39

10.39

10.39

10.39

10.39

Annual Energy Charge (INR crores)

34.17

34.58

35.01

35.46

35.94

36.44

36.96

37.51

38.08

38.69

39.32

39.99

Total Annual Charge (INR crores)


Average Tariff (INR/kWh)
Average Tariff for 5 years (INR/kWh)

44.56
1.61

44.97
1.63

45.40
1.64

45.85
1.66
1.70

46.33
1.68

46.82
1.70

47.35
1.71

47.90
1.73

48.47
1.76
1.80

49.08
1.78

49.71
1.80

50.38
1.82

13
0.41

14
0.37

15
0.34

16
0.30

8/12

Yr 17

17
0.27

Yr 18

18
0.25

Yr 19

19
0.22

Yr 20

20
0.20

Yr 21

21
0.18

Yr 22

3.0

Yr 14

12.00 / Year

Yr 16

Yr 13

Discount rate (%)


Discounted Average Tariff (INR/kWh)
Levellised Eq.Avg. Tariff (INR/kWh)

Yr 15

7.0

22
0.16

Yr 23

23
0.15

Yr 24

24
0.13

Annexure - 13.3

7.0
Yr 25
BASIC PARAMETERS
Capacity (MW)
Capital Cost (INR crores)
Capital Cost with IDC .
Equity Portion (%)
Debt Portion (%)
Capital Cost/MW (INR crores)
Interest rate for WC (%)
Tax rate (%)
Interest rate on loan from Financial Institutions (%)
Total annual energy (GWh)
Design energy with 90% dependibility (GWh)
Saleable Energy after aux. (GWh)
consumption & transformation losses

65.00
256.29
296.82
30.00
70.00
4.57
9.75
30.00
10.00
293.18
279.45
276.11

Yr 26

65.00
256.29
296.82
30.00
70.00
4.57
9.75
30.00
10.00
293.18
279.45
276.11

Yr 27

65.00
256.29
296.82
30.00
70.00
4.57
9.75
30.00
10.00
293.18
279.45
276.11

FINANCIAL PACKAGE (INR crores)


Loan Component

207.8

Fin. Institutions

207.77

Equity component

89.04
296.8

89.04

Period

Repayment

Financial Inst.

Repayment Amount/year
Financial Institutions

Construction Period (Yrs.)

Moratorium
10

Installment/yr.
0

20.78

9/12

Yr 28

65.00
256.29
296.82
30.00
70.00
4.57
9.75
30.00
10.00
293.18
279.45
276.11

Yr 29

65.00
256.29
296.82
30.00
70.00
4.57
9.75
30.00
10.00
293.18
279.45
276.11

Yr 30

65.00
256.29
296.82
30.00
70.00
4.57
9.75
30.00
10.00
293.18
279.45
276.11

Yr 31

65.00
256.29
296.82
30.00
70.00
4.57
9.75
30.00
10.00
293.18
279.45
276.11

Yr 32

65.00
256.29
296.82
30.00
70.00
4.57
9.75
30.00
10.00
293.18
279.45
276.11

Yr 33

65.00
256.29
296.82
30.00
70.00
4.57
9.75
30.00
10.00
293.18
279.45
276.11

3.0
Yr 34

65.00
256.29
296.82
30.00
70.00
4.57
9.75
30.00
10.00
293.18
279.45
276.11

Yr 35

65.00
256.29
296.82
30.00
70.00
4.57
9.75
30.00
10.00
293.18
279.45
276.11

Annexure - 13.3

7.0

NORMATIVE PARAMETERS
O & M Charges incl. Insurance (%)
O & M Inflation rate (%)
Rate of return on equity (%)
Rate of Depreciation (ES Act) (%)
Rate of Depreciation (IT Act) (%)
Spares for 1 yr -1/5th C.S
Auxiliary consumption (%)
Transformation Losses (%)
SCHEDULE OF LOAN REPAYMENT
AGENCY

FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS
Outstanding Term loan
Term loan installment
Cum. Loan Repaid
Interest on Term loan
Total Yearly installment

LOAN SERVICING
Outstanding Term loan
Loan Repayment Installment
Sources of Funds for Repayment
- Depreciation (ES Act)
- Advance Depreciation
- Additional sources (ROE )

3.0

Yr 25

Yr 26

Yr 27

Yr 28

Yr 29

Yr 30

Yr 31

Yr 32

Yr 33

Yr 34

Yr 35

Year

25
1.50
5.00
16.00
3.50
25.00
0.59
0.70
0.50

26
1.50
5.00
16.00
3.50
25.00
0.59
0.70
0.50

27
1.50
5.00
16.00
3.50
25.00
0.59
0.70
0.50

28
1.50
5.00
16.00
3.50
25.00
0.59
0.70
0.50

29
1.50
5.00
16.00
3.50
25.00
0.59
0.70
0.50

30
1.50
5.00
16.00
3.50
25.00
0.59
0.70
0.50

31
1.50
5.00
16.00
3.50
25.00
0.59
0.70
0.50

32
1.50
5.00
16.00
3.50
25.00
0.59
0.70
0.50

33
1.50
5.00
16.00
3.50
25.00
0.59
0.70
0.50

34
1.50
5.00
16.00
3.50
25.00
0.59
0.70
0.50

35
1.50
5.00
16.00
3.50
25.00
0.59
0.70
0.50

Year

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

32

33

34

35

0.00
0.00
207.77
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
207.77
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
207.77
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
207.77
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
207.77
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
207.77
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
207.77
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
207.77
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
207.77
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
207.77
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
207.77
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

COMPUTATION OF TARIFF COMPONENTS


INTEREST ON CAPITAL
Interest on Term loan
Total Yearly Installment

10/12

Annexure - 13.3

7.0

3.0

Yr 25

Yr 26

Yr 27

Yr 28

Yr 29

Yr 30

Yr 31

Yr 32

Yr 33

Yr 34

Yr 35

RATE OF RETURN
Equity amount
Return on Equity

89.04
14.25

89.04
14.25

89.04
14.25

89.04
14.25

89.04
14.25

89.04
14.25

89.04
14.25

89.04
14.25

89.04
14.25

89.04
14.25

89.04
14.25

O & M EXPENSES

14.36

15.08

15.83

16.62

17.45

18.33

19.24

20.20

21.21

22.28

23.39

INTEREST ON WORKING CAPITAL


WORKING CAPITAL
O & M Expenses - 1 month
Spares 1 year - 1/5th cap spares
Receivables for 2 months
DEP(ES Act)
Interest
Return on Equity
O&M
I.Tax
Interest on W.C.
Total Working capital
Interest on Working Capital

1.20
0.59

1.26
0.59

1.32
0.59

1.39
0.59

1.45
0.59

1.53
0.59

1.60
0.59

1.68
0.59

1.77
0.59

1.86
0.59

1.95
0.59

1.73
0.00
2.37
2.39
1.85
0.12
10.26
1.00

1.24
0.00
2.37
2.51
1.63
0.12
9.72
0.95

0.00
0.00
2.37
2.64
1.07
0.10
8.09
0.79

0.00
0.00
2.37
2.77
1.07
0.10
8.29
0.81

0.00
0.00
2.37
2.91
1.07
0.10
8.50
0.83

0.00
0.00
2.37
3.05
1.07
0.11
8.72
0.85

0.00
0.00
2.37
3.21
1.07
0.11
8.96
0.87

0.00
0.00
2.37
3.37
1.07
0.11
9.20
0.90

0.00
0.00
2.37
3.54
1.07
0.11
9.45
0.92

0.00
0.00
2.37
3.71
1.07
0.12
9.72
0.95

0.00
0.00
2.37
3.90
1.07
0.12
10.00
0.98

DEPRECIATION (ES ACT) (INR crores)


Total Depreciable Amount
Opening Depreciation Fund
Yearly Depreciation (ES Act)
Cumulative Depreciation Fund
Loan Repayment Installment
Advance Dep. for loan Repayment
Return on Eq. for loan Repayment
Closing Cummulative Dep. Fund
Total Depreciation
Net Depreciable Amount

17.81
93.50
10.39
103.89
0.00
0.00
0.00
103.89
10.39
17.81

7.42
103.89
7.42
111.31
0.00
0.00
0.00
111.31
7.42
7.42

0.00
111.31
0.00
111.31
0.00
0.00
0.00
111.31
0.00
0.00

0.00
111.31
0.00
111.31
0.00
0.00
0.00
111.31
0.00
0.00

0.00
111.31
0.00
111.31
0.00
0.00
0.00
111.31
0.00
0.00

0.00
111.31
0.00
111.31
0.00
0.00
0.00
111.31
0.00
0.00

0.00
111.31
0.00
111.31
0.00
0.00
0.00
111.31
0.00
0.00

0.00
111.31
0.00
111.31
0.00
0.00
0.00
111.31
0.00
0.00

0.00
111.31
0.00
111.31
0.00
0.00
0.00
111.31
0.00
0.00

0.00
111.31
0.00
111.31
0.00
0.00
0.00
111.31
0.00
0.00

0.00
111.31
0.00
111.31
0.00
0.00
0.00
111.31
0.00
0.00

DEPRECIATION (IT ACT) (INR crores)


Sum at charge
Depreciation (IT Act)
Dep.limited to 90% of capital cost

0.30
0.07
0.00

0.22
0.06
0.00

0.17
0.04
0.00

0.13
0.03
0.00

0.09
0.02
0.00

0.07
0.02
0.00

0.05
0.01
0.00

0.04
0.01
0.00

0.03
0.01
0.00

0.02
0.01
0.00

0.02
0.00
0.00

11/12

Annexure - 13.3

7.0
Yr 25
TAX LIABILITY (INR crores)
Yearly Profit/loss
Cummulative Profit/loss (+/-)
Tax liability

Yr 26

Yr 27

Yr 28

Yr 29

Yr 30

Yr 31

Yr 32

Yr 33

3.0
Yr 34

Yr 35

24.64
348.76
11.09

21.67
370.43
9.75

14.25
384.67
6.41

14.25
398.92
6.41

14.25
413.17
6.41

14.25
427.41
6.41

14.25
441.66
6.41

14.25
455.91
6.41

14.25
470.16
6.41

14.25
484.40
6.41

14.25
498.65
6.41

CAPACITY AND ENERGY CHARGES


Annual Capacity Charge (INR crores)

10.39

7.42

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Annual Energy Charge (INR crores)

40.69

40.02

37.28

38.09

38.94

39.83

40.77

41.76

42.79

43.88

45.02

Total Annual Charge (INR crores)


Average Tariff (INR/kWh)
Average Tariff for 5 years (INR/kWh)

51.08
1.85

47.44
1.72
1.46

37.28
1.35

38.09
1.38

38.94
1.41

39.83
1.44

40.77
1.48
1.55

41.76
1.51

42.79
1.55

43.88
1.59

45.02
1.63

Discount rate (%)


Discounted Average Tariff (INR/kWh)
Levellised Eq.Avg. Tariff (INR/kWh)

12.00 / Year

25
0.12

26
0.10

27
0.07

12/12

28
0.06

29
0.06

30
0.05

31
0.05

32
0.05

33
0.04

34
0.04

35
0.03

J - Power Plant Civil Work - 8

BHARO GHATI HYDRO ELECTRIC PROJECT


COST ESTIMATE - HYDRO - MECHANICAL WORKS
S.No.
1

2
a

3
a

Item

Unit

Oty

Rate

Amount

DIVERSION TUNNEL WORK


Gate (Size)
Embedded Parts
Rope Drum Hoist (as per capacity)

MT
MT
Set

40
10
1

100000
50,000
6000000

40.00
5.00
60.00

SPILLWAY STRUCTURE
Radial Gates (Size)
Embedded Parts (Including anchorages)
Hydraulic hoist
Bulkhead Gates (Sizes)
Embedded Parts
Gantry Crane

MT
MT
Set
MT
MT
Set

500
170
3
170
60
1

100000
50,000
20000000
60000
30,000
6000000

500.00
85.00
600.00
102.00
18.00
60.00

INTAKE STRUCTURE
Intake Gate (Size) 4 of 4.5 x 4.5
Embedded Parts for Intake Gate
Rope drum hoist (as per capacity)
Bulkhead Gates (Sizes)
Embedded Parts for Bulkhead Gates
Gantry Crane (as per capacity)

MT
MT
Set
MT
MT
Set

40
10
2
20
8
1

100000
50,000
3000000
60,000
50,000
1000000

40.00
5.00
60.00
12.00
4.00
10.00

CLEANNING MACHINE

Trash Racks and Embedded Parts

MT

70

50000

35.00

5
a
b
c

SURGE SHAFT
Gate
Embedded Parts
Hoist

MT
MT
Set

40
10
1

100000
50,000
6000000

40.00
5.00
60.00

Disilting Channel
Gate
Embedded
Hoist/Hydraulic

MT
MT
Set

40
10
2

100000
50000
3000000

40.00
5.00
60.00
1846.00
Say 1846.00

J-1
J-2
J-3
J-4
J-5
J-6
J-7
J-8
J-9

533
1070
3445
455
185
945
133
1846
120

8732

A
B
C
J
K
M
O
P
Q
R
X
Y

229.92
101
2764
8732
459.84
0.5
574.8
114.96
872
574.8
287.4
31.3266

Total I work 14742.547


V

28.74

Say 533.00
Say 1070.00
Say 3445.00
Say 455.00
Say 185.00
Say 945.00
Say 133.00
Say 1846.00
Say 120.00

Works-1
2
3

365 Say 365.00


154 Say 154.00
2245 Say 2245.00
2764

459.84

2.30
1.01
27.64
87.32
4.60

Say 101.00

5.75
1.15
8.72
5.75
2.87
0.31
0

J-Power Plant Civil Works-1

BHARO GHATI HYDRO ELECTRIC PROJECT


COST ESTIMATE - INTAKE STRUCTURE
Sl.No
.
1

Item of Work

Unit

Qty

Rate
(Rs.)

Amount (Rs.
in Lakh)

Surface Excavation

1.1 Common excavtion

M3

24500

125

30.63

1.2 Rock excavation

M3

4500

300

13.50

M3

6700

1000

67.00

RM

Underground Excavation

Support System

3.1 Rockbolts

13500

400

54.00

4500

4000

180.00

4.1 M-15

M3

2000

2930

58.6

4.2 M-20

700

3390

23.73

4.3 Cement lining M-20

M3

650

4000

26.00

130

27000

35.10

3.2 Shotcreting

Concrete

Reinforeing Steel

488.56
6

Miscellaneous and Ancillary Works

6.1 Various miscellaneous works like drilling &


grouting, wiremesh reinforcement, slope protection
works, othr steel works etc.

2%

9.77

6.2 Instrumentation

1%

4.89

6.3 Dewatering

1%

4.89

5%

24.43

6.4 Add 5% on account of contingencies and


workcharged establishment except on L.S. items
Total

532.52
Say 533.00

J-Power Plant Civil Works-2

BHARO GHATI HYDRO ELECTRIC PROJECT


COST ESTIMATE DESILTING CHAMBER & SILT FLUSHING TUNNEL
Sl.No
.

Item of Work

Unit

Qty

Rate
(Rs.)

Amount (Rs.
in Lakh)

M3

48700

1000

487.00

2.1 Rockbolts

RM

8150

400

32.60

2.2 Shotcreting

M3

5550

4000

222.00

M3

5550

4000

222.00

Underground Excavation

Support System

Concrete Lining

3.1 Cement Lining M-20

963.60
4

Miscellaneous and Ancillary Works

4.1 Various Miscellaneous works like wiremesh/steel


fibre reinforcement, drilling & grouting etc.
4.2 Dewatering

4%

38.54

2%

19.27

5%

48.18

4.3 Add 5% on account of contingencies and


workcharged establishment except on L.S. items

Total

1069.60
Say 1070.00

J-Power Plant Civil Works-3

BHARO GHATI HYDRO ELECTRIC PROJECT


COST ESTIMATE - HEAD RACE TUNNEL + INTAKE TUNNELS
Item of Work

Sl.No
.

Underground Excavation

Support System

2.1 Rockbolts
2.3 Shotcreting
3

Qty

Rate
(Rs.)

Amount (Rs.
in Lakh)

M3

112010

1000

1120.10

RM

58750

400

235.00

13250

4000

530.00

M3

26450

4000

1058.00

100

27000

27.00

Concrete Lining

3.1 Cement concrete lining M-20

Unit

Reinforceing Steel

2970.10
5

Miscellaneous and Ancillary Works

5.1 Various Miscellaneous works like wiremesh/steel


fibre reinforcement, drilling & grouting, PVC pipes
for drainage, slope prolection works etc.

8%

237.61

5.2 Instrumentation

1%

29.70

5.3 Dewatering

2%

59.40

5%

148.51

5.4 Add 5% on account of contingencies and


workcharged establishment except on L.S. items

Total

3445.32
Say 3445.00

J-Power Plant Civil Works-4

BHARO GHATI HYDRO ELECTRIC PROJECT


COST ESTIMATE - PRESSURE SHAFTS AND PENSTOCKS
Sl.No
.

Item of Work

Underground Excavation

Support System

2.1 Rockbolts

Unit

Qty

Rate
(Rs.)

Amount (Rs.
in Lakh)

M3

9600

1000

96.00

RM

5700

400

22.80

1300

4000

52.00

3.1 M-15 backfill concrete

M3

2550

2930

74.72

MT

240

70000

168.00

2.2 Shotereting

Concrete

Penstock Steel Liners

413.52
5

Miscellaneous and Ancillary Works

5.1 Various Miscellaneous works like drilling &


& grouting, wiremesh/steel fibre reinforcement,
swellex anchor, etc.

3%

12.41

5.2 Instrumentation

1%

4.14

6.3 Dewatering

1%

4.14

5%

20.68

6.4 Add 5% on account of contingencies and


workcharged establishment except on L.S. items

Total

454.87
Say 455.00

J-Power Plant Civil Works-6

BHARO GHATI HYDRO ELECTRIC PROJECT


COST ESTIMATE - POWER HOUSE COMPLEX INCLUDING TRANFORMER CAVERN
Sl.No
.
1

Item of Work

Unit

Qty

Rate
(Rs.)

Amount (Rs.
in Lakh)

Surface Excavation

1.2 Rock excavation


2

Underground Excavation

Support System

3.1 Rockbolts

M3

4000

300

12.00

M3

46500

1000

465.00

RM

4000

400

16.00

900

4.1 M20

M3

1150

3392

39.01

4.2 M15

4100

2930

120.13

3.2 Shotcreting
4

0.00

Concrete

Reinforcing Steel

550

27000

148.50

Structural Steel for roof trusses

50

42000

21.00

Stone/Brick Masonry

LS

15.00
836.64

Miscellaneous

8.1 Various miscellaneous works like site clearance,


drilling & grouting, wiremesh/steel fibre,
reinforcement, flooring, water proofing system
swellex anchor, doors & windows,painting, lift
arrangement, architectural works, other metalworks
etc.

5%

41.83

8.2 Instrumentation

1%

8.37

8.3 Dewatering

2%

16.73

8.4 Add 5% on account of contingencies and

5%

41.83

workcharged establishment except on L.S. items


Total

945.40
Say 945.00

J-Power Plant Civil Works-7

BHARO GHATI HYDRO ELECTRIC PROJECT


COST ESTIMATE - TAIL RACE TUNNEL
Item of Work

Sl.No
.
1

Unit

Qty

Rate
(Rs.)

Amount (Rs.
in Lakh)

Surface Excavation

1.1 Common excavtion

M3

500

125

0.63

1.2 Rock excavation

M3

1500

300

4.50

4000

1000

40.00

3.1 Rock Bolling

RM

2500

400

10.00

3.2 Shot Creting

M3

560

4000

22.40

M3

1120

4000

44.80

Under Ground Excavation

Support system

Concrete Lining

122.33
5

Miscellaneous

5.1 MISC.

3%

3.67

5.2 Dewatering

1%

1.22

5%

6.12

5.3 Add. 5% on account of contingencies and work


charged establishment

Total

133.33
Say 133.00

BHARO GHATI HYDRO ELECTRIC PROJECT


COST ESTIMATE A - PRELIMINARY
Sl.No
.
1

Item of Work

Unit

Qty

Rate
(Rs.)

Amount (Rs.
in Lakh)

Cost of surveys and investigation including


geological investigation, hydrological
investigation, preliminary construction materials
surveys, C/O access paths and roads etc. at PFR
stage.

Topographical & other surveys for dam,


powerhouse, reservoir etc.

Geological Investigation

Drilling & Drifting

Construction Material Survey

Hydrological and meteorological observation

Geophysical survey, seismological study.

Hydraulic model studies

Ground water studies

10

Charges for preliminary consultancy & specialists

11

Training of Engineers during investigation

12

Instrument and equipment for S & I works

13

Stationary. Writing of completion report &

L.S. 2% OF C & J WORKS 254.42

history of project.
254.42
Say 254.00

BHARO GHATI HYDRO ELECTRIC PROJECT


COST ESTIMATE - B - LAND
Sl.No
.

Item of Work

Requirement of land

Staff for demoreacation and measurement of


of land @ 1% of value of land

Total

Unit

ha

Qty

200

Rate
(Rs.)

50,000

Amount (Rs.
in Lakh)

100.00

1.00

101.00
Say 101.00

JADH GANGA HYDRO ELECTRIC PROJECT


COST ESTIMATE - K - BUILDINGS
Sl.No
.

Item of Work

Unit

Qty

Rate
(Rs.)

Amount (Rs.
in Lakh)

Residential Buildings

1.1 Permanent residential buildings


Services Charges @

1.2 Temorary Buildings

Servoces Charges @

Total Residential Buildings


L.S. 4 % OF C & J Work 508.84
Non Residential Buildings

2.1 Permanent non-residential buildings

Services Charges @

2.2.

Services Charges @

Total Non-residential Buildings

Grant Total ( Residential + Non-Residential)

508.84
Say 509.00

J-Power Plant Civil Works-5

BHARO GHATI HYDRO ELECTRIC PROJECT


COST ESTIMATE - SURGE SHAFT
Sl.No
.
1

Item of Work

2.2 Surge shaft excavation with raise climber

3.3 Shotcreting

M3

6750

300

20.25

M3

4000

1200

48.00

3000

1500

45.00

RM

1800

400

7.20

400

4000

16.00

M3

800

4000

32.00

MT

50

2700

1.35

Concrete

4.1 M-20
5

Amount (Rs.
in Lakh)

Support System

3.1 Rockbolts

Rate
(Rs.)

Underground Excavation

2.1 Surge shaft excavation

Qty

Surface Excavation

1,1 Rock excavation


2

Unit

Steel Works

5.1 Deformed Reinforcement

169.80
6

Miscellaneous and Ancillary Works

6.1 Various miscellaneious works like site clearance,


drilling & grouting, wire mesh reinforcement,
Airvent pipes, lift arrangement, other steel works etc.

2%

3.40

6.2 Instrumentation

1%

1.70

6.3 Dewatering

1%

1.70

5%

8.49

6.4 Add 5% on account of contingencies and


workcharged establishment except on L.S. items
Total

185.08
Say 185.00

BHARO GHATI HYDRO ELECTRIC PROJECT


COST ESTIMATE - Q - SPECIAL T&P
Sl.No
.
1

Item of Work

Unit

Qty

Rate
(Rs.)

Amount (Rs.
in Lakh)

Inspection and Transport Vehicles


Staff Car
Gypsy / Jeep
Amulance
School / Staff Bus
Mini Truck
Truck 10 ton

no
no
no
no
no
no

4
12
2
2
4
5

3.75
3.75
8
6.5
5
8

15.00
45.00
16.00
13.00
20.00
40.00

Miscellaneous Equipments
Crane 50 ton
Carane 18 ton
Carane 10 ton
DG sets 500 KVA
Welding set
Tractor Trailor
Weight Bridge-20 ton
Explosive Van 10 ton
Pump 5 HP
Pump 10 HP
Pump 50 HP

no
no
no
no
no
no
no
no
no
no
no

1
1
2
4
4
2
2
2
20
10
10

155
75
45
25
2.25
18
8
6
0.2
0.3
1

310.00
75.00
90.00
100.00
9.00
36.00
16.00
12.00
4.00
3.00
10.00

no
no
no
no
no
no
no
no
no
no
no
no
no

2
2
2
4
2
6
2
2
2
2
2
6

4
1
0.7
0.15
0.75
0.25
0.5
0.15
1.25

8.00
2.00
1.40
0.60
1.50
1.50
10.00
8.00
1.00
1.00
0.30
7.50
15.00
871.80
Say 872.00

Workshop Equipments
Lathe machine
Shaper machine
Bench Drilling machine
Grinder
Drill Steel Grinder
Power hacksw
Hydrulic jack
Engine repair shop
Auto-electrical repair shop
Battery charger
Compressor for tyre inflation
Gas cutting set
Unforeseen item
Total cost of special tools and plants

NOTE : The project has been planned for construction through private agencies. The contractor shall arrange
heavy equipments for works for which no provision has been kept under Q - Special T&P.

C-Works-1

BHARO GHATI HYDRO ELECTRIC PROJECT


COST ESTIMATE - DIVERSION TUNNEL
Sl.No
.
1

Item of Work

Unit

Qty

Rate
(Rs.)

Amount (Rs.
in Lakh)

Surface Excavation
M3

500

125

0.63

1000

300

3.00

M3

10500

1000

105.00

3.1 Rockbolts

RM

5800

400

23.20

3.2 Shotcreting

M3

1300

4000

52.00

M3

2600

4000

104.00

100

27000

27.00

1.1 Command Excavation


1.2 Rock excavation

Underground Excavation

Support System

Concrete

4.1 Cement concrete lining M-20

Reinforcing Steel

314.83
6

Miscellaneous

6.1 Various miscellaneious works like wiremesh/steel fibre


reinforcement,drilling & grouting PVC pipes
for drainage, slope protection works etc.

8%

25.19

6.2 Instrumentation

1%

3.15

6.3 Dewatering

2%

6.30

5%

15.74

6.4 Add 5% on account of contingencies and


workcharged establishment except on L.S. items
Total

365.20
Say 365.00

C-Works-2

BHARO GHATI HYDRO ELECTRIC PROJECT


COST ESTIMATE - COFFER DAM
Sl.No
.
1

Item of Work

Rate
(Rs.)

Amount (Rs.
in Lakh)

M3

400

125

0.50

M3

3000

2000

60.00

2000

4000

80.00

400

400

1.60

Concrete

2.1 Plum Concrete


2.2 M-15
3

Qty

Surface Excavation

1.1 Common Excavation

Unit

Rock Bolting & Drilling

RM

142.10
4

Miscellaneous

4.1 Various miscellaneious works

0.5%

0.71

4.2 Dewatering

3%

4.26

4.3 Add 5% on account of contingencies and

5%

7.11

workcharged establishment except on L.S. items


Total

154.18
Say 154.00

C-Works-3

BHARO GHATI HYDRO ELECTRIC PROJECT


COST ESTIMATE - CONCRETE DAM
Sl.No
.
1

Item of Work

Unit

Qty

Rate
(Rs.)

Amount (Rs.
in Lakh)

Surface Excavation
M3

20000

300

60.00

2.1 Rockbolts

RM

3700

400

14.80

2.2 Shotcreting

M3

500

4000

20.00

3.1 M 15

M3

9200

2930

269.56

3.2 M 20

23000

3392

780.16

MT

3250

27000

877.50

1.1 Rock Excavation

Support System

Concrete

Reinforcing Steel

2022.02
5

Miscellaneous

5.1 Various miscellaneious works like wiremesh/steel fibre


reinforcement,drilling & grouting PVC pipes, other
steel works, slope protection works, elevator, road
works, archktectural works for dam etc.

3%

60.66

5.2 Instrumentation

1%

20.22

5.3 Dewatering

2%

40.44

5%

101.10

5.4 Add 5% on account of contingencies and


workcharged establishment except on L.S. items
Total

2244.44
Say 2245.00

J - POWER PLANT CIVIL WORKS - 9

BHARO GHATI HYDRO ELECTRIC PROJECT


COST ESTIMATE - ADITS
Sl.No
.
1

Item of work

Unit

Qty

Rate
(Rs.)

Amount (Rs.
in Lakh)

Surface Excavation

1.1 Common excavation

M3

500

125

0.63

1.2 Rock excavation

M3

1000

300

3.00

M3

2600

1000

26.00

1900

400

7.60

450

4000

18.00

950

4000

38.00

50

27000

13.50

Underground Excavation

2.1 Excavation of adits

Supports Systems

3.1 Rockbolts
3.2 Shotcreting

Concrete

4.1 Cement Concrete Lining M-20

RM

M3

Reinforcing Steel

106.73
6

Miscellaneous

6.1 Various miscellaneous works like drilling & grouting,


wiremesh reinforcement, masonery works, PVC
pipes for drainage etc.

4%

4.27

Instrumentation

1%

1.07

6.2 Dewatering

2%

2.13

6.3 Add 5% on account of contingencies and

5%

5.34

workcharged establishment except on L.S. items


Total

119.53
Say 120.00

J-Power Plant Civil Works-1

BHARO GHATI HYDRO ELECTRIC PROJECT


COST ESTIMATE - INTAKE STRUCTURE
Sl.No
.
1

Item of Work

Unit

Qty

Rate
(Rs.)

Amount (Rs.
in Lakh)

Surface Excavation

1.1 Common excavtion

M3

24500

125

30.63

1.2 Rock excavation

M3

4500

300

13.50

M3

6700

1000

67.00

RM

Underground Excavation

Support System

3.1 Rockbolts

13500

400

54.00

4500

4000

180.00

4.1 M-15

M3

2000

2930

58.6

4.2 M-20

700

3390

23.73

4.3 Cement lining M-20

M3

650

4000

26.00

130

27000

35.10

3.2 Shotcreting

Concrete

Reinforeing Steel

488.56
6

Miscellaneous and Ancillary Works

6.1 Various miscellaneous works like drilling &


grouting, wiremesh reinforcement, slope protection
works, othr steel works etc.

2%

9.77

6.2 Instrumentation

1%

4.89

6.3 Dewatering

1%

4.89

5%

24.43

6.4 Add 5% on account of contingencies and


workcharged establishment except on L.S. items
Total

532.52
Say 533.00

J-Power Plant Civil Works-2

BHARO GHATI HYDRO ELECTRIC PROJECT


COST ESTIMATE DESILTING CHAMBER & SILT FLUSHING TUNNEL
Sl.No
.

Item of Work

Unit

Qty

Rate
(Rs.)

Amount (Rs.
in Lakh)

M3

48700

1000

487.00

2.1 Rockbolts

RM

8150

400

32.60

2.2 Shotcreting

M3

5550

4000

222.00

M3

5550

4000

222.00

Underground Excavation

Support System

Concrete Lining

3.1 Cement Lining M-20

963.60
4

Miscellaneous and Ancillary Works

4.1 Various Miscellaneous works like wiremesh/steel


fibre reinforcement, drilling & grouting etc.
4.2 Dewatering

4%

38.54

2%

19.27

5%

48.18

4.3 Add 5% on account of contingencies and


workcharged establishment except on L.S. items

Total

1069.60
Say 1070.00

J-Power Plant Civil Works-3

BHARO GHATI HYDRO ELECTRIC PROJECT


COST ESTIMATE - HEAD RACE TUNNEL + INTAKE TUNNELS
Item of Work

Sl.No
.

Underground Excavation

Support System

2.1 Rockbolts
2.3 Shotcreting
3

Qty

Rate
(Rs.)

Amount (Rs.
in Lakh)

M3

112010

1000

1120.10

RM

58750

400

235.00

13250

4000

530.00

M3

26450

4000

1058.00

100

27000

27.00

Concrete Lining

3.1 Cement concrete lining M-20

Unit

Reinforceing Steel

2970.10
5

Miscellaneous and Ancillary Works

5.1 Various Miscellaneous works like wiremesh/steel


fibre reinforcement, drilling & grouting, PVC pipes
for drainage, slope prolection works etc.

8%

237.61

5.2 Instrumentation

1%

29.70

5.3 Dewatering

2%

59.40

5%

148.51

5.4 Add 5% on account of contingencies and


workcharged establishment except on L.S. items

Total

3445.32
Say 3445.00

J-Power Plant Civil Works-4

BHARO GHATI HYDRO ELECTRIC PROJECT


COST ESTIMATE - PRESSURE SHAFTS AND PENSTOCKS
Sl.No
.

Item of Work

Underground Excavation

Support System

2.1 Rockbolts

Unit

Qty

Rate
(Rs.)

Amount (Rs.
in Lakh)

M3

9600

1000

96.00

RM

5700

400

22.80

1300

4000

52.00

3.1 M-15 backfill concrete

M3

2550

2930

74.72

MT

240

70000

168.00

2.2 Shotereting

Concrete

Penstock Steel Liners

413.52
5

Miscellaneous and Ancillary Works

5.1 Various Miscellaneous works like drilling &


& grouting, wiremesh/steel fibre reinforcement,
swellex anchor, etc.

3%

12.41

5.2 Instrumentation

1%

4.14

6.3 Dewatering

1%

4.14

5%

20.68

6.4 Add 5% on account of contingencies and


workcharged establishment except on L.S. items

Total

454.87
Say 455.00

J-Power Plant Civil Works-6

BHARO GHATI HYDRO ELECTRIC PROJECT


COST ESTIMATE - POWER HOUSE COMPLEX INCLUDING TRANFORMER CAVERN
Sl.No
.
1

Item of Work

Unit

Qty

Rate
(Rs.)

Amount (Rs.
in Lakh)

Surface Excavation

1.2 Rock excavation


2

Underground Excavation

Support System

3.1 Rockbolts

M3

4000

300

12.00

M3

46500

1000

465.00

RM

4000

400

16.00

900

4.1 M20

M3

1150

3392

39.01

4.2 M15

4100

2930

120.13

3.2 Shotcreting
4

0.00

Concrete

Reinforcing Steel

550

27000

148.50

Structural Steel for roof trusses

50

42000

21.00

Stone/Brick Masonry

LS

15.00
836.64

Miscellaneous

8.1 Various miscellaneous works like site clearance,


drilling & grouting, wiremesh/steel fibre,
reinforcement, flooring, water proofing system
swellex anchor, doors & windows,painting, lift
arrangement, architectural works, other metalworks
etc.

5%

41.83

8.2 Instrumentation

1%

8.37

8.3 Dewatering

2%

16.73

8.4 Add 5% on account of contingencies and

5%

41.83

workcharged establishment except on L.S. items


Total

945.40
Say 945.00

J-Power Plant Civil Works-7

BHARO GHATI HYDRO ELECTRIC PROJECT


COST ESTIMATE - TAIL RACE TUNNEL
Item of Work

Sl.No
.
1

Unit

Qty

Rate
(Rs.)

Amount (Rs.
in Lakh)

Surface Excavation

1.1 Common excavtion

M3

500

125

0.63

1.2 Rock excavation

M3

1500

300

4.50

4000

1000

40.00

3.1 Rock Bolling

RM

2500

400

10.00

3.2 Shot Creting

M3

560

4000

22.40

M3

1120

4000

44.80

Under Ground Excavation

Support system

Concrete Lining

122.33
5

Miscellaneous

5.1 MISC.

3%

3.67

5.2 Dewatering

1%

1.22

5%

6.12

5.3 Add. 5% on account of contingencies and work


charged establishment

Total

133.33
Say 133.00

BHARO GHATI HYDRO ELECTRIC PROJECT


COST ESTIMATE A - PRELIMINARY
Sl.No
.
1

Item of Work

Unit

Qty

Rate
(Rs.)

Amount (Rs.
in Lakh)

Cost of surveys and investigation including


geological investigation, hydrological
investigation, preliminary construction materials
surveys, C/O access paths and roads etc. at PFR
stage.

Topographical & other surveys for dam,


powerhouse, reservoir etc.

Geological Investigation

Drilling & Drifting

Construction Material Survey

Hydrological and meteorological observation

Geophysical survey, seismological study.

Hydraulic model studies

Ground water studies

10

Charges for preliminary consultancy & specialists

11

Training of Engineers during investigation

12

Instrument and equipment for S & I works

13

Stationary. Writing of completion report &

L.S. 2% OF C & J WORKS 254.42

history of project.
254.42
Say 254.00

BHARO GHATI HYDRO ELECTRIC PROJECT


COST ESTIMATE - B - LAND
Sl.No
.

Item of Work

Requirement of land

Staff for demoreacation and measurement of


of land @ 1% of value of land

Total

Unit

ha

Qty

200

Rate
(Rs.)

50,000

Amount (Rs.
in Lakh)

100.00

1.00

101.00
Say 101.00

JADH GANGA HYDRO ELECTRIC PROJECT


COST ESTIMATE - K - BUILDINGS
Sl.No
.

Item of Work

Unit

Qty

Rate
(Rs.)

Amount (Rs.
in Lakh)

Residential Buildings

1.1 Permanent residential buildings


Services Charges @

1.2 Temorary Buildings

Servoces Charges @

Total Residential Buildings


L.S. 4 % OF C & J Work 508.84
Non Residential Buildings

2.1 Permanent non-residential buildings

Services Charges @

2.2.

Services Charges @

Total Non-residential Buildings

Grant Total ( Residential + Non-Residential)

508.84
Say 509.00

J-Power Plant Civil Works-5

BHARO GHATI HYDRO ELECTRIC PROJECT


COST ESTIMATE - SURGE SHAFT
Sl.No
.
1

Item of Work

2.2 Surge shaft excavation with raise climber

3.3 Shotcreting

M3

6750

300

20.25

M3

4000

1200

48.00

3000

1500

45.00

RM

1800

400

7.20

400

4000

16.00

M3

800

4000

32.00

MT

50

2700

1.35

Concrete

4.1 M-20
5

Amount (Rs.
in Lakh)

Support System

3.1 Rockbolts

Rate
(Rs.)

Underground Excavation

2.1 Surge shaft excavation

Qty

Surface Excavation

1,1 Rock excavation


2

Unit

Steel Works

5.1 Deformed Reinforcement

169.80
6

Miscellaneous and Ancillary Works

6.1 Various miscellaneious works like site clearance,


drilling & grouting, wire mesh reinforcement,
Airvent pipes, lift arrangement, other steel works etc.

2%

3.40

6.2 Instrumentation

1%

1.70

6.3 Dewatering

1%

1.70

5%

8.49

6.4 Add 5% on account of contingencies and


workcharged establishment except on L.S. items
Total

185.08
Say 185.00

BHARO GHATI HYDRO ELECTRIC PROJECT


COST ESTIMATE - Q - SPECIAL T&P
Sl.No
.
1

Item of Work

Unit

Qty

Rate
(Rs.)

Amount (Rs.
in Lakh)

Inspection and Transport Vehicles


Staff Car
Gypsy / Jeep
Amulance
School / Staff Bus
Mini Truck
Truck 10 ton

no
no
no
no
no
no

4
12
2
2
4
5

3.75
3.75
8
6.5
5
8

15.00
45.00
16.00
13.00
20.00
40.00

Miscellaneous Equipments
Crane 50 ton
Carane 18 ton
Carane 10 ton
DG sets 500 KVA
Welding set
Tractor Trailor
Weight Bridge-20 ton
Explosive Van 10 ton
Pump 5 HP
Pump 10 HP
Pump 50 HP

no
no
no
no
no
no
no
no
no
no
no

1
1
2
4
4
2
2
2
20
10
10

155
75
45
25
2.25
18
8
6
0.2
0.3
1

310.00
75.00
90.00
100.00
9.00
36.00
16.00
12.00
4.00
3.00
10.00

no
no
no
no
no
no
no
no
no
no
no
no
no

2
2
2
4
2
6
2
2
2
2
2
6

4
1
0.7
0.15
0.75
0.25
0.5
0.15
1.25

8.00
2.00
1.40
0.60
1.50
1.50
10.00
8.00
1.00
1.00
0.30
7.50
15.00
871.80
Say 872.00

Workshop Equipments
Lathe machine
Shaper machine
Bench Drilling machine
Grinder
Drill Steel Grinder
Power hacksw
Hydrulic jack
Engine repair shop
Auto-electrical repair shop
Battery charger
Compressor for tyre inflation
Gas cutting set
Unforeseen item
Total cost of special tools and plants

NOTE : The project has been planned for construction through private agencies. The contractor shall arrange
heavy equipments for works for which no provision has been kept under Q - Special T&P.

C-Works-1

BHARO GHATI HYDRO ELECTRIC PROJECT


COST ESTIMATE - DIVERSION TUNNEL
Sl.No
.
1

Item of Work

Unit

Qty

Rate
(Rs.)

Amount (Rs.
in Lakh)

Surface Excavation
M3

500

125

0.63

1000

300

3.00

M3

10500

1000

105.00

3.1 Rockbolts

RM

5800

400

23.20

3.2 Shotcreting

M3

1300

4000

52.00

M3

2600

4000

104.00

100

27000

27.00

1.1 Command Excavation


1.2 Rock excavation

Underground Excavation

Support System

Concrete

4.1 Cement concrete lining M-20

Reinforcing Steel

314.83
6

Miscellaneous

6.1 Various miscellaneious works like wiremesh/steel fibre


reinforcement,drilling & grouting PVC pipes
for drainage, slope protection works etc.

8%

25.19

6.2 Instrumentation

1%

3.15

6.3 Dewatering

2%

6.30

5%

15.74

6.4 Add 5% on account of contingencies and


workcharged establishment except on L.S. items
Total

365.20
Say 365.00

C-Works-2

BHARO GHATI HYDRO ELECTRIC PROJECT


COST ESTIMATE - COFFER DAM
Sl.No
.
1

Item of Work

Rate
(Rs.)

Amount (Rs.
in Lakh)

M3

400

125

0.50

M3

3000

2000

60.00

2000

4000

80.00

400

400

1.60

Concrete

2.1 Plum Concrete


2.2 M-15
3

Qty

Surface Excavation

1.1 Common Excavation

Unit

Rock Bolting & Drilling

RM

142.10
4

Miscellaneous

4.1 Various miscellaneious works

0.5%

0.71

4.2 Dewatering

3%

4.26

4.3 Add 5% on account of contingencies and

5%

7.11

workcharged establishment except on L.S. items


Total

154.18
Say 154.00

C-Works-3

BHARO GHATI HYDRO ELECTRIC PROJECT


COST ESTIMATE - CONCRETE DAM
Sl.No
.
1

Item of Work

Unit

Qty

Rate
(Rs.)

Amount (Rs.
in Lakh)

Surface Excavation
M3

20000

300

60.00

2.1 Rockbolts

RM

3700

400

14.80

2.2 Shotcreting

M3

500

4000

20.00

3.1 M 15

M3

9200

2930

269.56

3.2 M 20

23000

3392

780.16

MT

3250

27000

877.50

1.1 Rock Excavation

Support System

Concrete

Reinforcing Steel

2022.02
5

Miscellaneous

5.1 Various miscellaneious works like wiremesh/steel fibre


reinforcement,drilling & grouting PVC pipes, other
steel works, slope protection works, elevator, road
works, archktectural works for dam etc.

3%

60.66

5.2 Instrumentation

1%

20.22

5.3 Dewatering

2%

40.44

5%

101.10

5.4 Add 5% on account of contingencies and


workcharged establishment except on L.S. items
Total

2244.44
Say 2245.00

J - POWER PLANT CIVIL WORKS - 9

BHARO GHATI HYDRO ELECTRIC PROJECT


COST ESTIMATE - ADITS
Sl.No
.
1

Item of work

Unit

Qty

Rate
(Rs.)

Amount (Rs.
in Lakh)

Surface Excavation

1.1 Common excavation

M3

500

125

0.63

1.2 Rock excavation

M3

1000

300

3.00

M3

2600

1000

26.00

1900

400

7.60

450

4000

18.00

950

4000

38.00

50

27000

13.50

Underground Excavation

2.1 Excavation of adits

Supports Systems

3.1 Rockbolts
3.2 Shotcreting

Concrete

4.1 Cement Concrete Lining M-20

RM

M3

Reinforcing Steel

106.73
6

Miscellaneous

6.1 Various miscellaneous works like drilling & grouting,


wiremesh reinforcement, masonery works, PVC
pipes for drainage etc.

4%

4.27

Instrumentation

1%

1.07

6.2 Dewatering

2%

2.13

6.3 Add 5% on account of contingencies and

5%

5.34

workcharged establishment except on L.S. items


Total

119.53
Say 120.00

Annexure 12.1
BHARO GHATI HYDRO ELECTRIC PROJECT
ABSTRACT OF COST OF WORKS
S.No.

AMOUNT
(Rs.in Crores)
(June 2003)

DESCRIPTION

CIVIL WORKS

DIRECT CHARGES
I - Works
A - Preliminary
B - Land
C - Works
J - Power Plant Civil Works
K - Buildings
M - Plantation
O - Miscellaneous
P - Maintenance
Q - Special Tools & Plants
R - Communication
X - Environment & Ecology
Y - Losses on Stock

(-)
TOTAL OF I - WORKS

II - Establishhment @ 8% of cost of I-works less B-Land


III - Tools and Plants @ 1% of cost of I - Works
IV- suspense
V - Receipt & Recoveries

2.30
1.01
27.64
87.32
4.60
0.50
5.75
1.15
8.72
5.75
2.87
0.31
147.30

(-)

10.77
1.47
0.00
.013

Total Direct Charges


Indirect charges
a) Capital value of Abatement of land Revenue, 5% of B Land
b) Audit and Account Charges @ 1% of cost of I-Works.

159.53

Total indirect Charges

1.52

Total of Direct & Indirect Charges.

161.05

0.05
1.47

Abstract :
A
B

Civil Works
Electrical works
Total cost

161.05
107.29
268.34
Say 268.00

0.31

0.01308

ANNEXURE-7.1
BHAIRONGHATI HYDEL SCHEME
AREA CAPACITY CURVE

MDDL

FRL

ELEVATION
CAPACITY
(M)
(MCUM)
2630
1.03
2631
1.082
2631.5
1.107
2632
1.133
2632.5
1.159
2633
1.185
2633.5
1.21
2634
1.236
2635
1.288
2635.5
1.313
2636
1.339
2637
1.391
2637.5
1.416
2638
1.442
2639
1.494
2639.5
1.519
2640
1.545
2642
1.883

ANNEX - 7.3
BHAIRONGHATI HYDEL SCHEME
INCREMENTAL ENERGY BENEFITS
( 90% DEPENDABLE YEAR )

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11

INST.
ANNUAL
ANNUAL L.F LEAN
KWh/ KW
CAP.(MW) ENERGY
(%)
FLOW L.F
GEN (GWh)
(%)
30
186.81
71.09
37.09
6227.14
35
204.20
66.60
31.79
5834.23
40
221.36
63.17
27.82
5533.95
45
237.58
60.27
24.73
5279.58
50
252.22
57.58
22.25
5044.43
55
266.30
55.27
20.23
4841.83
60
279.74
53.22
18.54
4662.35
65
293.18
51.49
17.12
4510.47
70
306.22
49.94
15.90
4374.56
75
318.08
48.41
14.84
4241.06
80
329.12
46.96
13.91
4113.99

d (KWh)/
(KW)

4000
3500
3000
2500
2000
1500
1000
500
0
30

35

40

45

50

55

60

65

70

INSTALLED CAPACITY (MW)

75

80

3476.78
3432.00
3244.63
2928.00
2815.89
2688.00
2688.00
2607.68
2372.01
2208.00

BHAIRONGHATI HYDEL SCHEME

d (kWh) / d (kW)

S. NO.

85

90

ANNEX - 7.2
BHAIRONGHATI HYDEL SCHEME
POWER POTENTIAL WITH DIFFERENT INSTALLED CAPACITY IN A 90% DEPENDABLE YEAR

FRL
MDDL
TWL

2642 m
2630 m
2514 m

GROSS HEAD
WC LOSSES
NET HEAD

124.00 m
15.1 m
108.90 m

GEN. EFF
TUR. EFF.

98 %
93.5 %

MONTH INFLOWS POWER


UNRESTRICTEINSTALLED CAP. INSTALLED CAP. INSTALLED CAP. INSTALLED CAP. INSTALLED CAP. INSTALLED CAP. INSTALLED CAP. INSTALLED CAP. INSTALLED CAP. INSTALLED CAP. INSTALLED CAP.
POTENTIALENERGY
30 MW
35 MW
40 MW
45 MW
50 MW
55 MW
60 MW
65 MW
70 MW
75 MW
80 MW
POWER ENERGYPOWER ENERGY POWER ENERGYPOWER ENERGYPOWER ENERGYPOWER ENERGYPOWER ENERGYPOWER ENERGYPOWER ENERGYPOWER ENERGYPOWER ENERGY
(CUMECS) (MWc)
(GWh)
(MWc) (GWh) (MWc) (GWh)
(MWc) (GWh) (MWc) (GWh) (MWc)
(GWh) (MWc) (GWh) (MWc) (GWh) (MWc) (GWh) (MWc) (GWh) (MWc) (GWh) (MWc) (GWh)
Jun
75
73.42
17.62
30.00
7.20
35.00
8.40
40.00
9.60
45.00
10.80
50.00
12.00
55.00
13.20
60.00
14.40
65.00
15.60
70.00
16.80
73.42
17.62
73.42
17.62
98.7
96.62
23.19
30.00
7.20
35.00
8.40
40.00
9.60
45.00
10.80
50.00
12.00
55.00
13.20
60.00
14.40
65.00
15.60
70.00
16.80
75.00
18.00
80.00
19.20
126.6
123.93
29.74
30.00
7.20
35.00
8.40
40.00
9.60
45.00
10.80
50.00
12.00
55.00
13.20
60.00
14.40
65.00
15.60
70.00
16.80
75.00
18.00
80.00
19.20
Jul
106.5
104.25
25.02
30.00
7.20
35.00
8.40
40.00
9.60
45.00
10.80
50.00
12.00
55.00
13.20
60.00
14.40
65.00
15.60
70.00
16.80
75.00
18.00
80.00
19.20
126.9
124.22
29.81
30.00
7.20
35.00
8.40
40.00
9.60
45.00
10.80
50.00
12.00
55.00
13.20
60.00
14.40
65.00
15.60
70.00
16.80
75.00
18.00
80.00
19.20
173.5
169.84
44.84
30.00
7.92
35.00
9.24
40.00
10.56
45.00
11.88
50.00
13.20
55.00
14.52
60.00
15.84
65.00
17.16
70.00
18.48
75.00
19.80
80.00
21.12
Aug
139.3
136.36
32.73
30.00
7.20
35.00
8.40
40.00
9.60
45.00
10.80
50.00
12.00
55.00
13.20
60.00
14.40
65.00
15.60
70.00
16.80
75.00
18.00
80.00
19.20
145.3
142.23
34.14
30.00
7.20
35.00
8.40
40.00
9.60
45.00
10.80
50.00
12.00
55.00
13.20
60.00
14.40
65.00
15.60
70.00
16.80
75.00
18.00
80.00
19.20
121.8
119.23
31.48
30.00
7.92
35.00
9.24
40.00
10.56
45.00
11.88
50.00
13.20
55.00
14.52
60.00
15.84
65.00
17.16
70.00
18.48
75.00
19.80
80.00
21.12
Sep
88.7
86.83
20.84
30.00
7.20
35.00
8.40
40.00
9.60
45.00
10.80
50.00
12.00
55.00
13.20
60.00
14.40
65.00
15.60
70.00
16.80
75.00
18.00
80.00
19.20
69.8
68.33
16.40
30.00
7.20
35.00
8.40
40.00
9.60
45.00
10.80
50.00
12.00
55.00
13.20
60.00
14.40
65.00
15.60
68.33
16.40
68.33
16.40
68.33
16.40
53.8
52.66
12.64
30.00
7.20
35.00
8.40
40.00
9.60
45.00
10.80
50.00
12.00
52.66
12.64
52.66
12.64
52.66
12.64
52.66
12.64
52.66
12.64
52.66
12.64
Oct
42.5
41.60
9.98
30.00
7.20
35.00
8.40
40.00
9.60
41.60
9.98
41.60
9.98
41.60
9.98
41.60
9.98
41.60
9.98
41.60
9.98
41.60
9.98
41.60
9.98
28.5
27.90
6.70
27.90
6.70
27.90
6.70
27.90
6.70
27.90
6.70
27.90
6.70
27.90
6.70
27.90
6.70
27.90
6.70
27.90
6.70
27.90
6.70
27.90
6.70
27.9
27.31
7.21
27.31
7.21
27.31
7.21
27.31
7.21
27.31
7.21
27.31
7.21
27.31
7.21
27.31
7.21
27.31
7.21
27.31
7.21
27.31
7.21
27.31
7.21
Nov
24
23.49
5.64
23.49
5.64
23.49
5.64
23.49
5.64
23.49
5.64
23.49
5.64
23.49
5.64
23.49
5.64
23.49
5.64
23.49
5.64
23.49
5.64
23.49
5.64
20.9
20.46
4.91
20.46
4.91
20.46
4.91
20.46
4.91
20.46
4.91
20.46
4.91
20.46
4.91
20.46
4.91
20.46
4.91
20.46
4.91
20.46
4.91
20.46
4.91
18
17.62
4.23
17.62
4.23
17.62
4.23
17.62
4.23
17.62
4.23
17.62
4.23
17.62
4.23
17.62
4.23
17.62
4.23
17.62
4.23
17.62
4.23
17.62
4.23
Dec
12.7
12.43
2.98
12.43
2.98
12.43
2.98
12.43
2.98
12.43
2.98
12.43
2.98
12.43
2.98
12.43
2.98
12.43
2.98
12.43
2.98
12.43
2.98
12.43
2.98
12.1
11.84
2.84
11.84
2.84
11.84
2.84
11.84
2.84
11.84
2.84
11.84
2.84
11.84
2.84
11.84
2.84
11.84
2.84
11.84
2.84
11.84
2.84
11.84
2.84
10.3
10.08
2.66
10.08
2.66
10.08
2.66
10.08
2.66
10.08
2.66
10.08
2.66
10.08
2.66
10.08
2.66
10.08
2.66
10.08
2.66
10.08
2.66
10.08
2.66
Jan
12.9
12.63
3.03
12.63
3.03
12.63
3.03
12.63
3.03
12.63
3.03
12.63
3.03
12.63
3.03
12.63
3.03
12.63
3.03
12.63
3.03
12.63
3.03
12.63
3.03
12.3
12.04
2.89
12.04
2.89
12.04
2.89
12.04
2.89
12.04
2.89
12.04
2.89
12.04
2.89
12.04
2.89
12.04
2.89
12.04
2.89
12.04
2.89
12.04
2.89
12.5
12.24
3.23
12.24
3.23
12.24
3.23
12.24
3.23
12.24
3.23
12.24
3.23
12.24
3.23
12.24
3.23
12.24
3.23
12.24
3.23
12.24
3.23
12.24
3.23
Feb
12.2
11.94
2.87
11.94
2.87
11.94
2.87
11.94
2.87
11.94
2.87
11.94
2.87
11.94
2.87
11.94
2.87
11.94
2.87
11.94
2.87
11.94
2.87
11.94
2.87
11
10.77
2.58
10.77
2.58
10.77
2.58
10.77
2.58
10.77
2.58
10.77
2.58
10.77
2.58
10.77
2.58
10.77
2.58
10.77
2.58
10.77
2.58
10.77
2.58
10.3
10.08
1.94
10.08
1.94
10.08
1.94
10.08
1.94
10.08
1.94
10.08
1.94
10.08
1.94
10.08
1.94
10.08
1.94
10.08
1.94
10.08
1.94
10.08
1.94
Mar
10.4
10.18
2.44
10.18
2.44
10.18
2.44
10.18
2.44
10.18
2.44
10.18
2.44
10.18
2.44
10.18
2.44
10.18
2.44
10.18
2.44
10.18
2.44
10.18
2.44
10
9.79
2.35
9.79
2.35
9.79
2.35
9.79
2.35
9.79
2.35
9.79
2.35
9.79
2.35
9.79
2.35
9.79
2.35
9.79
2.35
9.79
2.35
9.79
2.35
10.7
10.47
2.77
10.47
2.77
10.47
2.77
10.47
2.77
10.47
2.77
10.47
2.77
10.47
2.77
10.47
2.77
10.47
2.77
10.47
2.77
10.47
2.77
10.47
2.77
Apr
11.9
11.65
2.80
11.65
2.80
11.65
2.80
11.65
2.80
11.65
2.80
11.65
2.80
11.65
2.80
11.65
2.80
11.65
2.80
11.65
2.80
11.65
2.80
11.65
2.80
10.4
10.18
2.44
10.18
2.44
10.18
2.44
10.18
2.44
10.18
2.44
10.18
2.44
10.18
2.44
10.18
2.44
10.18
2.44
10.18
2.44
10.18
2.44
10.18
2.44
16.9
16.54
3.97
16.54
3.97
16.54
3.97
16.54
3.97
16.54
3.97
16.54
3.97
16.54
3.97
16.54
3.97
16.54
3.97
16.54
3.97
16.54
3.97
16.54
3.97
May
26.3
25.74
6.18
25.74
6.18
25.74
6.18
25.74
6.18
25.74
6.18
25.74
6.18
25.74
6.18
25.74
6.18
25.74
6.18
25.74
6.18
25.74
6.18
25.74
6.18
31.6
30.93
7.42
30.00
7.20
30.93
7.42
30.93
7.42
30.93
7.42
30.93
7.42
30.93
7.42
30.93
7.42
30.93
7.42
30.93
7.42
30.93
7.42
30.93
7.42
45.5
44.54
11.76
30.00
7.92
35.00
9.24
40.00
10.56
44.54
11.76
44.54
11.76
44.54
11.76
44.54
11.76
44.54
11.76
44.54
11.76
44.54
11.76
44.54
11.76
Total energy (GWh)
Lean Period Power (MWc)
(Jan. - Mar. )

424.26

186.81
11.13

204.20
11.13

221.36
11.13

237.58
11.13

252.22
11.13

266.30
11.13

279.74
11.13

293.18
11.13

306.22
11.13

318.08
11.13

329.12
11.13

Incr. Energy(GWh)

17.38

17.16

16.22

14.64

14.08

13.44

13.44

13.04

11.86

11.04

Incr. Cap.(MW)

Incr. Energy/Incr. Power (kWh/kW)

3476.78

3432.00

3244.63

2928.00

2815.89

2688.00

2688.00

2607.68

2372.01

2208.00

ANNEX - 7.4
BHAIRONGHATI HYDEL SCHEME
POWER POTENTIAL WITH DIFFERENT INSTALLED CAPACITY IN A 50% DEPENDABLE YEAR

FRL
MDDL
TWL

2642 m
2630 m
2514 m

GROSS HEAD
WC LOSSES
NET HEAD

124.00 m
15.1 m
108.90 m

GEN. EF
TUR. EFF

98 %
93.5 %

MONTH INFLOWS POWER


UNRESTRICTEINSTALLED CAP. INSTALLED CAP. INSTALLED CAP. INSTALLED CAP. INSTALLED CAP. INSTALLED CAP. INSTALLED CAP. INSTALLED CAP. INSTALLED CAP. INSTALLED CAP. INSTALLED CAP.
POTENTIAL ENERGY
30 MW
35 MW
40 MW
45 MW
50 MW
55 MW
60 MW
65 MW
70 MW
75 MW
80 MW
POWER ENERGYPOWER ENERGY POWER ENERGYPOWER ENERGYPOWER ENERGYPOWER ENERGYPOWER ENERGYPOWER ENERGYPOWER ENERGYPOWER ENERGYPOWER ENERGY
(CUMECS) (MWc)
(GWh)
(MWc) (GWh) (MWc) (GWh)
(MWc) (GWh) (MWc) (GWh) (MWc) (GWh) (MWc) (GWh) (MWc) (GWh) (MWc) (GWh) (MWc) (GWh) (MWc) (GWh) (MWc) (GWh)
Jun
138.5
135.58
32.54
30.00
7.20
35.00
8.40
40.00
9.60
45.00
10.80
50.00
12.00
55.00
13.20
60.00
14.40
65.00
15.60
70.00
16.80
75.00
18.00
80.00
19.20
183.9
180.02
43.20
30.00
7.20
35.00
8.40
40.00
9.60
45.00
10.80
50.00
12.00
55.00
13.20
60.00
14.40
65.00
15.60
70.00
16.80
75.00
18.00
80.00
19.20
222.3
217.61
52.23
30.00
7.20
35.00
8.40
40.00
9.60
45.00
10.80
50.00
12.00
55.00
13.20
60.00
14.40
65.00
15.60
70.00
16.80
75.00
18.00
80.00
19.20
Jul
196.3
192.16
46.12
30.00
7.20
35.00
8.40
40.00
9.60
45.00
10.80
50.00
12.00
55.00
13.20
60.00
14.40
65.00
15.60
70.00
16.80
75.00
18.00
80.00
19.20
241.5
236.40
56.74
30.00
7.20
35.00
8.40
40.00
9.60
45.00
10.80
50.00
12.00
55.00
13.20
60.00
14.40
65.00
15.60
70.00
16.80
75.00
18.00
80.00
19.20
254.3
248.93
65.72
30.00
7.92
35.00
9.24
40.00
10.56
45.00
11.88
50.00
13.20
55.00
14.52
60.00
15.84
65.00
17.16
70.00
18.48
75.00
19.80
80.00
21.12
Aug
253.3
247.95
59.51
30.00
7.20
35.00
8.40
40.00
9.60
45.00
10.80
50.00
12.00
55.00
13.20
60.00
14.40
65.00
15.60
70.00
16.80
75.00
18.00
80.00
19.20
237
232.00
55.68
30.00
7.20
35.00
8.40
40.00
9.60
45.00
10.80
50.00
12.00
55.00
13.20
60.00
14.40
65.00
15.60
70.00
16.80
75.00
18.00
80.00
19.20
198.2
194.02
51.22
30.00
7.92
35.00
9.24
40.00
10.56
45.00
11.88
50.00
13.20
55.00
14.52
60.00
15.84
65.00
17.16
70.00
18.48
75.00
19.80
80.00
21.12
Sep
162.4
158.97
38.15
30.00
7.20
35.00
8.40
40.00
9.60
45.00
10.80
50.00
12.00
55.00
13.20
60.00
14.40
65.00
15.60
70.00
16.80
75.00
18.00
80.00
19.20
125.5
122.85
29.48
30.00
7.20
35.00
8.40
40.00
9.60
45.00
10.80
50.00
12.00
55.00
13.20
60.00
14.40
65.00
15.60
70.00
16.80
75.00
18.00
80.00
19.20
87.1
85.26
20.46
30.00
7.20
35.00
8.40
40.00
9.60
45.00
10.80
50.00
12.00
55.00
13.20
60.00
14.40
65.00
15.60
70.00
16.80
75.00
18.00
80.00
19.20
Oct
66
64.61
15.51
30.00
7.20
35.00
8.40
40.00
9.60
45.00
10.80
50.00
12.00
55.00
13.20
60.00
14.40
64.61
15.51
64.61
15.51
64.61
15.51
64.61
15.51
47.5
46.50
11.16
30.00
7.20
35.00
8.40
40.00
9.60
45.00
10.80
46.50
11.16
46.50
11.16
46.50
11.16
46.50
11.16
46.50
11.16
46.50
11.16
46.50
11.16
44
43.07
11.37
30.00
7.92
35.00
9.24
40.00
10.56
43.07
11.37
43.07
11.37
43.07
11.37
43.07
11.37
43.07
11.37
43.07
11.37
43.07
11.37
43.07
11.37
Nov
39.9
39.06
9.37
30.00
7.20
35.00
8.40
39.06
9.37
39.06
9.37
39.06
9.37
39.06
9.37
39.06
9.37
39.06
9.37
39.06
9.37
39.06
9.37
39.06
9.37
32.8
32.11
7.71
30.00
7.20
32.11
7.71
32.11
7.71
32.11
7.71
32.11
7.71
32.11
7.71
32.11
7.71
32.11
7.71
32.11
7.71
32.11
7.71
32.11
7.71
27.5
26.92
6.46
26.92
6.46
26.92
6.46
26.92
6.46
26.92
6.46
26.92
6.46
26.92
6.46
26.92
6.46
26.92
6.46
26.92
6.46
26.92
6.46
26.92
6.46
Dec
20.4
19.97
4.79
19.97
4.79
19.97
4.79
19.97
4.79
19.97
4.79
19.97
4.79
19.97
4.79
19.97
4.79
19.97
4.79
19.97
4.79
19.97
4.79
19.97
4.79
19.5
19.09
4.58
19.09
4.58
19.09
4.58
19.09
4.58
19.09
4.58
19.09
4.58
19.09
4.58
19.09
4.58
19.09
4.58
19.09
4.58
19.09
4.58
19.09
4.58
18.8
18.40
4.86
18.40
4.86
18.40
4.86
18.40
4.86
18.40
4.86
18.40
4.86
18.40
4.86
18.40
4.86
18.40
4.86
18.40
4.86
18.40
4.86
18.40
4.86
Jan
19.6
19.19
4.60
19.19
4.60
19.19
4.60
19.19
4.60
19.19
4.60
19.19
4.60
19.19
4.60
19.19
4.60
19.19
4.60
19.19
4.60
19.19
4.60
19.19
4.60
19.6
19.19
4.60
19.19
4.60
19.19
4.60
19.19
4.60
19.19
4.60
19.19
4.60
19.19
4.60
19.19
4.60
19.19
4.60
19.19
4.60
19.19
4.60
19.19
4.60
19.1
18.70
4.94
18.70
4.94
18.70
4.94
18.70
4.94
18.70
4.94
18.70
4.94
18.70
4.94
18.70
4.94
18.70
4.94
18.70
4.94
18.70
4.94
18.70
4.94
Feb
18.5
18.11
4.35
18.11
4.35
18.11
4.35
18.11
4.35
18.11
4.35
18.11
4.35
18.11
4.35
18.11
4.35
18.11
4.35
18.11
4.35
18.11
4.35
18.11
4.35
17.9
17.52
4.21
17.52
4.21
17.52
4.21
17.52
4.21
17.52
4.21
17.52
4.21
17.52
4.21
17.52
4.21
17.52
4.21
17.52
4.21
17.52
4.21
17.52
4.21
17.4
17.03
3.27
17.03
3.27
17.03
3.27
17.03
3.27
17.03
3.27
17.03
3.27
17.03
3.27
17.03
3.27
17.03
3.27
17.03
3.27
17.03
3.27
17.03
3.27
Mar
17.1
16.74
4.02
16.74
4.02
16.74
4.02
16.74
4.02
16.74
4.02
16.74
4.02
16.74
4.02
16.74
4.02
16.74
4.02
16.74
4.02
16.74
4.02
16.74
4.02
17.5
17.13
4.11
17.13
4.11
17.13
4.11
17.13
4.11
17.13
4.11
17.13
4.11
17.13
4.11
17.13
4.11
17.13
4.11
17.13
4.11
17.13
4.11
17.13
4.11
18.9
18.50
4.88
18.50
4.88
18.50
4.88
18.50
4.88
18.50
4.88
18.50
4.88
18.50
4.88
18.50
4.88
18.50
4.88
18.50
4.88
18.50
4.88
18.50
4.88
Apr
20.3
19.87
4.77
19.87
4.77
19.87
4.77
19.87
4.77
19.87
4.77
19.87
4.77
19.87
4.77
19.87
4.77
19.87
4.77
19.87
4.77
19.87
4.77
19.87
4.77
25.6
25.06
6.01
25.06
6.01
25.06
6.01
25.06
6.01
25.06
6.01
25.06
6.01
25.06
6.01
25.06
6.01
25.06
6.01
25.06
6.01
25.06
6.01
25.06
6.01
33
32.30
7.75
30.00
7.20
32.30
7.75
32.30
7.75
32.30
7.75
32.30
7.75
32.30
7.75
32.30
7.75
32.30
7.75
32.30
7.75
32.30
7.75
32.30
7.75
May
45.2
44.25
10.62
30.00
7.20
35.00
8.40
40.00
9.60
44.25
10.62
44.25
10.62
44.25
10.62
44.25
10.62
44.25
10.62
44.25
10.62
44.25
10.62
44.25
10.62
60.1
58.83
14.12
30.00
7.20
35.00
8.40
40.00
9.60
45.00
10.80
50.00
12.00
55.00
13.20
58.83
14.12
58.83
14.12
58.83
14.12
58.83
14.12
58.83
14.12
79.6
77.92
20.57
30.00
7.92
35.00
9.24
40.00
10.56
45.00
11.88
50.00
13.20
55.00
14.52
60.00
15.84
65.00
17.16
70.00
18.48
75.00
19.80
77.92
20.57
Total energy (GWh)
Lean Period Power (MWc)
(Jan. - Mar. )

729.68

224.54
18.01

248.88
18.01

271.93
18.01

293.32
18.01

312.04
18.01

330.40
18.01

348.48
18.01

365.54
18.01

381.50
18.01

397.46
18.01

412.87
18.01

Incr. Energy(GWh)

24.34

23.05

21.39

18.72

18.36

18.08

17.07

15.96

15.96

15.41

Incr. Cap.(MW)

Incr. Energy/Incr. Power (kWh/kW)

4867.73

4610.77

4277.96

3743.87

3672.00

3615.91

3413.13

3192.00

3192.00

3082.16

ANNEX - 7.5
BHAIRONGHATI HYDEL SCHEME
CAPACITY AND ENERGY BENEFITS IN
90% DEPENDABLE YEAR

PERIOD
JUN - 1
JUN - 2
JUN - 3
JUL - 1
JUL - 2
JUL - 3
AUG - 1
AUG - 2
AUG - 3
SEP - 1
SEP - 2
SEP - 3
OCT - 1
OCT - 2
OCT - 3
NOV - 1
NOV - 2
NOV - 3
DEC - 1
DEC - 2
DEC - 3
JAN - 1
JAN - 2
JAN - 3
FEB - 1
FEB - 2
FEB - 3
MAR - 1
MAR - 2
MAR - 3
APR - 1
APR - 2
APR - 3
MAY - 1
MAY - 2
MAY - 3
TOTAL

INFLOWS
(Cumecs)
75.00
98.70
126.60
106.50
126.90
173.50
139.30
145.30
121.80
88.70
69.80
53.80
42.50
28.50
27.90
24.00
20.90
18.00
12.70
12.10
10.30
12.90
12.30
12.50
12.20
11.00
10.30
10.40
10.00
10.70
11.90
10.40
16.90
26.30
31.60
45.50
1560.26
(Mcum)

OUTPUT IC =
MWc
65.00
65.00
65.00
65.00
65.00
65.00
65.00
65.00
65.00
65.00
65.00
52.66
41.60
27.90
27.31
23.49
20.46
17.62
12.43
11.84
10.08
12.63
12.04
12.24
11.94
10.77
10.08
10.18
9.79
10.47
11.65
10.18
16.54
25.74
30.93
44.54

65
GWh
15.60
15.60
15.60
15.60
15.60
17.16
15.60
15.60
17.16
15.60
15.60
12.64
9.98
6.70
7.21
5.64
4.91
4.23
2.98
2.84
2.66
3.03
2.89
3.23
2.87
2.58
1.94
2.44
2.35
2.77
2.80
2.44
3.97
6.18
7.42
11.76
293.18

MW

DESIGN ENERGY
MWc
GWh
61.75
14.82
61.75
14.82
61.75
14.82
61.75
14.82
61.75
14.82
61.75
14.82
61.75
14.82
61.75
14.82
61.75
14.82
61.75
14.82
61.75
14.82
52.66
12.64
41.60
9.98
27.90
6.70
27.31
6.55
23.49
5.64
20.46
4.91
17.62
4.23
12.43
2.98
11.84
2.84
10.08
2.42
12.63
3.03
12.04
2.89
12.24
2.94
11.94
2.87
10.77
2.58
10.08
2.42
10.18
2.44
9.79
2.35
10.47
2.51
11.65
2.80
10.18
2.44
16.54
3.97
25.74
6.18
30.93
7.42
44.54
10.69
279.45