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Qn

Solution

1(a)

1
(3 + 2 x) 1
d
x
=
+c
(3 + 2 x)2
(1)(2)
1
=
+c
2(3 + 2 x)

1(b)

2(i)

1
3
0

e13 x

1
3
dx = e13 x
3
0
1
= ( e 1)
3
5

V = x 2 (5 x ) = 5 x 2 x 2
dV
5 32
= 10 x x
dx
2
dV
When
= 0,
dx

5
x 4 x2 = 0
2

x = 0 (NA) or 16
x
1616
16+
+
0
dV

dx
Hence max. capacity at x = 16 i.e. h = 16 .
Max. capacity of container = (16)2 (5 16) = 256 cm3

2(ii)

3(i)

When x = 4 ,
dV dV dx
=
.
dt
dx dt

5 3
= 10(4) (4) 2 (0.02)
2

3 -1
= 0.4 cm s
2
dy
4 x
y = 1 +

=
2
1+ x
dx (1 + x 2 ) 2
When x = 0, y = 1.
When y = 0,
2
1=
1 + x2
1 + x2 = 2

x2 = 1
x = 1

The coordinates of points A, B and C are A(0, 1) , B (1, 0) and C (1, 0)


dy
At B,
= 1
dx
Thus equation of tangent at B is y = x + 1 .
When x = 0 , y = x + 1 = 1.
Thus the tangent at B passes through A(0, 1) .
dy
=1
dx
Thus equation of tangent at C is y = x + 1 .
When x = 0 , y = x + 1 = 1.
Thus the tangent at C passes through A(0, 1) .
At C,

3(ii)

At B, gradient of tangent m1 = 1
At C, gradient of tangent m2 = 1
Since m1m2 = 1 , the two tangents are perpendicular to each other and hence angle BAC
= 90o .

At point of intersection,
1
kx = 1
x
2
kx x + 1 = 0
Since there is only one common point, equation has only one real distinct root.
Hence (1) 2 4(k )(1) = 0
1
k =
4
1
Thus x 2 x + 1 = 0
4
( x 2) 2 = 0
x=2

4(i)

y=1

4(ii)

4
5(a)

2
1
1
1
(2) 1 dx
1
2 2
x
1
2
= [ x ln x ]1
2
1
= ln 2
2

Required area =

1
4
2 lg x + lg 2 = lg( x + 1)

m>

lg 2 x 2 = lg( x + 1)
2x2 = x + 1
1 1 4(2)(1)
x=
2(2)
1
x = 1 or - (NA)
2

5(bi)

0.212

2.03

(1, ln4)

5(bii)

x 2 x < ln 4 x
x 2 x ln 4 x < 0
0.212 < x < 2.03
Replace x by e x , (e x ) 2 e x < ln(4e x )
e 2 x e x < ln 4 + ln e x
e 2 x e x < ln 4 + x
e 2 x e x x < ln 4
Thus e2 x e x x < ln 4 0.21159 < e x < 2.0313
1.55 < x < 0.709

Qn
6
(i)

Solutions
Quota sampling

(ii) One disadvantage is that it is biased as the interviewer only choose interviewees whom he
knows.
(iii) To obtain a sample of 50 students using systematic sampling, the committee could choose at
random one of the first 10 students who left the function hall and subsequently choose every
10th student after the first student has been chosen. E.g. if the 3rd student is chosen, then
subsequently the 13th, 23th, 33th, 43th, 53th, 63th, 493th stduent will be interviewed.
600 2
= = 0.4
1500 5
730 + 210 + 170 1110
P(
H
'

L
)
=
=
= 0.74
(ii)
1500
1500
210
21
(iii) P( H L) = 210 + 170 = 38 = 0.553
Or:
P( H L)
P( H L) =
P( L)
210 1500 21
=

=
= 0.553
1500 380 38
21
Since P( H L) =
P( H ) or P ( H L ) P ( H ) P ( L ) , H and L are not independent within
38
the sample.
0.5
> $1000
8
A
0.5
$1000
p

7
(i)

P(H) =

2p

0.7

> $1000

0.3

$1000

0.8

> $1000

0.2

$1000

13p
C

Given that
P(the customer carries out transactions exceeding $1000) = 0.725
p (0.5) + 2 p (0.7) + (1 3 p )(0.8) = 0.725

0.5 p = 0.075
p = 0.15
4

8(i)
(ii)

P(customer carries out transactions exceeding $1000 at branch A) = 0.15(0.5)


= 0.075
P( visits branch A customer carries out transaction exceeding $1000)

P(customer visits branch A and carries out transaction exceeding $1000)


P(customer carries out transaction exceeding $1000)
0.075
=
0.725
3
= = 0.103
29
Let X be no. of grade A apples out of 12.
=

9
(i)

X B (12, 0.7)

P( X = 8) = 0.231
Let Y be the no. of grade A apples out of 50.

(ii)
Y B (50, 0.7)

Since n is large such that np = 35 > 5 and n(1 p )= 15 > 5,


Y N (35,10.5) approximately.
CC
P(Y 30)
P(Y > 29.5) = 0.955

10

Using G.C. x = 47.5 833 = 47.6 ( 3 s.f. )

(i)

unbiased estimate of population variance = s 2


2

= ( 22.68142 ) = 514.4468132 = 514 ( 3 s.f. )

(ii)

Ho : = 60
H1 : < 60 at 5% level of significance
Using G.C. p value = 0.027203
Since p value = 0.027203 < 0.05, we reject Ho and conclude that there is sufficient
evidence at 5% level that the average time for students to be ready for morning
assemble is less than 1 minute.

11

(iii)

Population is normal with known variance.

(i)

1.6 + 1.2 + 1.4 + 2.3 + k + 2.6 + 2.9 + 2.7 + 3.0 + 2.6


= 2.27
10
k = 2.4

(ii)

(iii)
Using G.C. the product moment correlation coeff
r = 0.9360025 = 0.936
( 3 s.f. )
Since r is close to 1, we may say that x and y have a strong positive linear correlation.
However, a linear model is only appropriate if a linear relationship between x and y can also
be observed from the scatter diagram of the data points.

(iv)
y = 0.13710144 x + 0.83043478
y = 0.137 x + 0.830

For each increase of 1 m2 of shelf space, sales will increase by $ 13.70 or $ 13.71

12
(i)

(v)

When x = 13, y = $ 261.27535 = $ 261.28

(vi)

Since x = 20 falls outside the range of data on which we obtained the regression line,
extrapolation of the observed data points is not advisable, and thus, the estimate of the
value of y is not reliable when x = 20.

X N (320,10 2 ) and Y N (315, 2 )


Given that P(Y 325) = 0.25
325 315
P( Z
) = 0.25

P( Z
P( Z <
10

10

10

) = 0.25
) = 0.75

= 0.6744897

= 14.826 14.8 (to 3 s.f.)


(ii)

X 1 + X 2 2Y N (10,1079.243866)

P( X 1 + X 2 2Y > 0) = 0.6196 0.620 (to 3 s.f.)


6

(iii) We assume that X and Y are independent random variables.


(iv)

Let n be the sample size.

102
X N 320,

P(315 < X < 325) > 0.95


315 320
325 320
P
<Z<
> 0.95
10 n
10 n

n
n
P
<Z <
> 0.95
2
2

n
1 2P Z <
> 0.95
2

n
P Z <
< 0.025
2

From GC, P(Z < 1.95996) = 0.025


n
< 1.95996
2
n > 15.4

The lease value of n is 16.


Anwer is not dependent on the Central Limit Theorem as X is normally distributed
X is also normally distributed.

13
(a)

S = X 1 + X 2 + ..... + X 60 ~ N ( 60 1 , 60 0.82 )
by G.C.
P ( 55 < S < 65) = 0.5802596 = 0.580 ( 3 s.f. )

(b)
(i)

unbiased estimate of is x =

unbiased estimate of

x = ( x 60) + 60 = 750 + 60 =
n

(iii)

65

2
( x 60 ) )
(
1
2

is
s =
( x 60 )
n 1
n

2
1
750
s2 =
5762

149
150
2

= 13.50336 = 13.5

(ii)

150

( 3 s.f . )

13.50336
) approx. by C.L.T since n = 150 (large)
150
P ( X < 59.8 ) = 0.25249 = 0.252 ( 3 d.p. )
or = 0.25252 = 0.253 ( 3 d.p. )

X ~ N ( 60 ,

(iv)

13.50336
) approx.
n
P X > 60.5 < 0.04

X ~ N ( 60 ,

60.5 60

PZ >
< 0.04
13.50336

60.5 60

1 P Z <
< 0.04
13.50336

60.5 60

PZ <
> 0.96
13.50336

Since

P ( Z < 1.750686 ) = 0.96

0.5
13.50336

> 1.750686
n

n > 165.5458

least n = 166