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3 November 2014

Praktikum Seismik
Refraksi
Metode Plus Minus

Universitas Gadjah Mada


GEOFISIKA

Tugas 1

Grafik Hubungan T-X SP1 & SP 4


Travel Time vs Distance

300

Grafik Hubungan SP1 & SP4


Tminus vs 2X
300

250

y = -0.9262x + 246.07

200

200

Tminus (ms)

y = 0.9083x + 41.3

150
100
50
y = 3.074x - 7.65

0
0

50

SP 1 Lapisan 1

SP 1 Lapisan 2

200

100

y = 0.9108x - 203.04

0
-100

100

200

300

400

250

300

-300

2X (m)

SP 4 Lapisan 1

SP 4 Lapisan 2

Equation SP1 & SP4


Direct Forward
y = 3.074x - 7.65
Refract Forward y = 0.9083x + 41.3
Direct Reverse
y = -2.9x + 703.7
Refract Reverse y = -0.9262x + 246.07

Velocity SP1 & SP4


V1 Forward 325.30904
V1 Reverse 344.82759
V1 rata-rata 335.06831
V2
1093.4937

Source to Source Time SP1 & SP4


Forward
261.56275
Reverse
243.7545
Average
252.65863

Model Lapisan Lapuk


SP 1 dan SP 4
0

15

30

45

60

75

90 105 120 135 150 165 180 195 210 225 240

0
-5
-10

Lapisan 2
Lapisan 1

-15
-20
-25

500

-200

y = -2.9x + 703.7

100
150
Distance (m)

Kedalaman (m)

Travel Time (ms)

Lapisan Miring SP1 & SP4

Jarak (m)

Praktikum Seismik Refraksi

Metode Plus Minus

600

Lapisan Miring SP2 & SP3

Grafik Hubungan T-X SP2 & SP 3


Travel Time vs Distance

Grafik Hubungan SP2 & SP3


Tminus vs 2X

120

Tminus (ms)

80
y = 0.7748x - 29.583

60
40
20

y = -3.08x + 500.5

y = 3.08x - 254.1

0
80

100

SP 2 Lapisan 1

120
140
Distance (m)

SP 2 Lapisan 2

SP 3 Lapisan 1

160

180

50
y = 0.9492x - 228.33
0
150

200

250

300

-100

2X (m)

Velocity SP2 & SP3


V1 Forward
324.6753
V1 Reverse
324.6753
V1 rata-rata
324.6753
V2
1060.221

Source to Source Time SP2


& SP3
Forward
96.322
Reverse
104.68075
Average
100.501375

Model Lapisan Lapuk


SP 2 dan SP 3
85

90

95 100 105 110 115 120 125 130 135 140 145 150 155 160

0
-5
-10

Lapisan 2
Lapisan 1

-15
-20
-25

Jarak (m)

Praktikum Seismik Refraksi

350

-50

SP 3 Lapisan 2

Equation SP2 & SP3


Direct Forward
y = 3.08x - 254.1
Refract Forward
y = 0.7748x - 29.538
Direct Reverse
y = -3.08x + 500.5
Refract Reverse
y = -1.1149x +196.66

Kedalaman (m)

Travel Time (m)

100

y = -1.1149x + 196.66

100

Metode Plus Minus

Korelasi

Dari korelasi SP1 & SP 4 dengan SP2 dan SP3 diperoleh hasil seperti gambar diatas. Hasil gamabr diatas tidak berkorelasi dengan baik
pada jarak 85 meter, hal itu dapat diakibatkan oleh beberapa factor, salah satunya adalah kesalahan perhitungan. Factor lain yang dapat
mempengaruhi juga dapat berasal dari kesalahan menentukan data mana yang akan digunakan.

Praktikum Seismik Refraksi

Metode Plus Minus

Tugas 2

Line Handaru_1
Grafik T_minus vs 2X
Line Handaru_1

Grafik T-X
Line Handaru_1
y = -0.978x + 150.6

100

y = 1.0497x + 28.231

50
X-Loc (m)

Forward 1

0
-50

Forward 2

100

50

100

200

250

2X (m)

Reverse 2

Equation Line 1
y = 3.334x - 8.34
Direct Forward
Refract Forward y = 1.0497x + 28.231
y = -3.334x + 391.74
Direct Reverse
y = -0.978x +150.6
Refract Reverse

Velocity Line 1 (m/s)


299.94
V1 Forward
299.94
V1 Reverse
299.94
V1 rata-rata
996.4129
V2

Source to Source Time Line 1 (ms)


151.57075
Forward
148.155
Reverse
149.862875
Average

Model Lapisan Lapuk


Line Handaru_1
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

110

120

0
-1
-2

Kedalaman (m)

300

-150

150

Reverse 1

150

-100

y = -3.334x + 391.74

y = 3.334x - 8.34

y = 1.0036x - 121.39

50

Tminus (ms)

Travel Time (ms)

150
160
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0

-3
-4
-5

Host

-6

Interface

-7
-8
-9
-10

Jarak (m)

Praktikum Seismik Refraksi

Metode Plus Minus

LINE HANDARU_1
The spread contains 2 shotpoints and 25 geophones

Geo Elev X-loc


1
0
0
2
0
5
3
0
10
4
0
15
5
0
20
6
0
25
7
0
30
8
0
35
9
0
40
10
0
45
11
0
50
12
0
55
13
0
60
14
0
65
15
0
70
16
0
75
17
0
80
18
0
85
19
0
90
20
0
95
21
0
100
22
0
105
23
0
110
24
0
115
25
0
120

Y-Loc
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120

SP 1
8.33
8.33
25
41.67
50.08
58
62.53
63.54
68.95
73.26
78.61
86.5
92.64
94.16
100.55
104.22
109.42
117.53
130.39
138.31
132.62
136.21
140.78
145.66
150.66

SP 2
150.66
145.66
140.22
135.02
133.5
128.97
121.02
114.07
109.87
104.07
100.56
98.96
91.37
85.16
81.6
75.13
72.27
76.97
70.73
56.97
49.3
41.67
25
8.33
8.33

Forward-ms
28.635
33.8415
39.048
44.2545
50.08
58
62.53
63.54
68.95
73.26
78.61
86.5
92.64
94.16
100.55
104.22
109.42
117.53
130.39
138.31
132.62
136.21
140.78
145.66
150.66

Praktikum Seismik Refraksi

SP
1
2

Elev
0
0

X-loc
2.5
117.5

Y-Loc
120
120

Depth
0
0

Reverse-ms
150.66
145.66
140.22
135.02
133.5
128.97
121.02
114.07
109.87
104.07
100.56
98.96
91.37
85.16
81.6
75.13
72.27
76.97
70.73
56.97
49.3
47.9095
43.019
38.1285
33.238

2x-ms
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
110
120
130
140
150
160
170
180
190
200
210
220
230
240

Tminus-ms
-122.025
-111.8185
-101.172
-90.7655
-83.42
-70.97
-58.49
-50.53
-40.92
-30.81
-21.95
-12.46
1.27
9
18.95
29.09
37.15
40.56
59.66
81.34
83.32
88.3005
97.761
107.5315
117.422

Tplus-ms
29.43213
29.63863
29.40513
29.41163
33.71713
37.10713
33.68713
27.74713
28.95713
27.46713
29.30713
35.59713
34.14713
29.45713
32.28713
29.48713
31.82713
44.63713
51.25713
45.41713
32.05713
34.25663
33.93613
33.92563
34.03513

H
-4.62862
-4.6611
-4.62438
-4.6254
-5.3025
-5.83562
-5.29778
-4.36363
-4.55392
-4.3196
-4.60896
-5.59816
-5.37012
-4.63255
-5.07761
-4.63727
-5.00527
-7.01982
-8.06091
-7.14249
-5.04144
-5.38734
-5.33694
-5.33529
-5.35251

Metode Plus Minus

Line Handaru_2

Grafik T_minus vs 2X
Line Handaru_2
150

160 y = -0.9631x + 150


140
120
y = 1.0667x + 27.047
100
80
60
40
y = -3.334x + 391.74
20
y = 3.334x - 8.34
0
0
50
100
X-Loc (m)
Forward 1

Forward 2

Reverse 1

Tminus (ms)

100
y = 1.0053x - 122.23
50
0
-50

50

100

150

200

-150

2X (m)

Velocity Line 2
V1 Forward
299.94
V1 Reverse
299.94
V1 rata-rata
299.94
V2
994.7279

Source to Source Time Line 2


Forward
152.38425
Reverse
147.59225
Average
149.98825

Model Lapisan Lapuk


Line Handaru_2
0

10

20

30

40

50

250

-100

150

Reverse 2

Equation Line 2
Direct Forward y = 3.334x - 8.34
Refract orward y = 1.0667x + 27.047
Direct Reverse
y = -3.334x + 391.74
Refract Reverse y = -0.9631x +150

60

70

80

90

100

110

120

0
-1
-2

Kedalaman (m)

Travel Time (ms)

Grafik T-X
Line Handaru_2

-3
-4
-5

Host

-6

Interface

-7
-8
-9
-10

Jarak (m)

Praktikum Seismik Refraksi

Metode Plus Minus

300

LINE HANDARU_2
The spread contains 2 shotpoints and 25 geophones

Geo
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25

Elev
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

X-loc
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90
95
100
105
110
115
120

Y-Loc
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

SP 1
8.33
8.33
25
41.67
50.61
57.49
59.43
65.29
68.01
75.63
78.02
84.04
88.87
95.34
99.25
103.61
109.5
117.13
126.1
137.92
142.32
137.2
140.91
145.66
150.54

SP 2
150.54
145.93
142.2
137.46
132.31
127.27
119.88
115.66
109.24
106.11
98.24
95.33
89.93
86.22
79.56
74.94
71.84
71.42
74.89
65.46
51.97
41.67
25
8.33
8.33

Forward-ms
27.047
32.3805
37.714
43.0475
50.61
57.49
59.43
65.29
68.01
75.63
78.02
84.04
88.87
95.34
99.25
103.61
109.5
117.13
126.1
137.92
142.32
137.2
140.91
145.66
150.54

Praktikum Seismik Refraksi

SP
1
2

Elev
0
0

X-loc
2.5
117.5

Y-Loc
100
100

Depth
0
0

Reverse-ms
150.54
145.93
142.2
137.46
132.31
127.27
119.88
115.66
109.24
106.11
98.24
95.33
89.93
86.22
79.56
74.94
71.84
71.42
74.89
65.46
51.97
48.8745
44.059
39.2435
34.428

2x-ms
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
110
120
130
140
150
160
170
180
190
200
210
220
230
240

Tminus-ms
-123.493
-113.5495
-104.486
-94.4125
-81.7
-69.78
-60.45
-50.37
-41.23
-30.48
-20.22
-11.29
-1.06
9.12
19.69
28.67
37.66
45.71
51.21
72.46
90.35
88.3255
96.851
106.4165
116.112

Tplus-ms
27.59875
28.32225
29.92575
30.51925
32.93175
34.77175
29.32175
30.96175
27.26175
31.75175
26.27175
29.38175
28.81175
31.57175
28.82175
28.56175
31.35175
38.56175
51.00175
53.39175
44.30175
36.08625
34.98075
34.91525
34.97975

H
-4.34103
-4.45483
-4.70705
-4.8004
-5.17986
-5.46928
-4.61204
-4.87
-4.28802
-4.99426
-4.13231
-4.62148
-4.53182
-4.96595
-4.5334
-4.4925
-4.93134
-6.06541
-8.02211
-8.39803
-6.96826
-5.67604
-5.50215
-5.49185
-5.50199

Metode Plus Minus

Line Handaru_3

Grafik T-X
Line Handaru_3

Grafik T_minus vs 2X
Line Handaru_3

160
120

100

y = 1.0317x + 32.519

Tminus (ms)

100
80
60
40
y = 3.334x - 8.34

20

y = -3.334x + 391.74

0
0

50
Forward 1

X-Loc (m)
Forward 2

100

150

Reverse 1

Equation Line 3
Direct Forward y = 3.334x - 8.34
Refract Forward y = 1.0317x + 32.519
Direct Reverse
y = -3.334x + 391.74
Refract Reverse y = -0.9906x +154.55

y = 0.9915x - 119.85

50
0
-50

50

100

150

200

10

20

30

-150

2X (m)

Reverse 2

Velocity Line 3
V1 Forward
299.940012
V1 Reverse
299.940012
V1 rata-rata
299.940012
V2
1008.572869

40

50

60

Source to Source Time Line 3


Forward
153.74375
Reverse
152.0735
Average
152.908625

70

80

90

100

110

120

0
-1
-2
-3
-4

Host

-5

Interface

-6
-7
-8
-9
-10

Jarak (m)

Praktikum Seismik Refraksi

250

-100

Model Lapisan Lapuk


Line Handaru_3

Kedalaman (m)

Travel Time (ms)

150

y = -0.9906x + 154.55

140

Metode Plus Minus

300

LINE HANDARU_3
The spread contains 2 shotpoints and 25 geophones

Geo
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25

Elev
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

X-loc
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90
95
100
105
110
115
120

Y-Loc
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80

SP 1
8.33
8.33
25
41.67
48.84
55.23
58.91
65.06
73.56
86.61
96.76
100.69
101.99
98.46
100.08
104.28
110.03
118.01
130.9
140.66
136.09
136.83
140.88
145.64
150.51

SP 2
150.51
145.9
142.17
136.44
130.32
126.79
120.75
119.33
124.24
121.82
115.78
106.42
94.63
86.26
79.69
75.15
72.31
77.22
72.89
60.24
51.32
41.67
25
8.33
8.33

Forward-ms
32.519
37.6775
42.836
47.9945
48.84
55.23
58.91
65.06
73.56
86.61
96.76
100.69
101.99
98.46
100.08
104.28
110.03
118.01
130.9
140.66
136.09
136.83
140.88
145.64
150.51

Praktikum Seismik Refraksi

SP
1
2

Elev
0
0

X-loc
2.5
117.5

Y-Loc
80
80

Depth
0
0

Reverse-ms
150.51
145.9
142.17
136.44
130.32
126.79
120.75
119.33
124.24
121.82
115.78
106.42
94.63
86.26
79.69
75.15
72.31
77.22
72.89
60.24
51.32
50.537
45.584
40.631
35.678

2x-ms
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
110
120
130
140
150
160
170
180
190
200
210
220
230
240

Tminus-ms
-117.991
-108.2225
-99.334
-88.4455
-81.48
-71.56
-61.84
-54.27
-50.68
-35.21
-19.02
-5.73
7.36
12.2
20.39
29.13
37.72
40.79
58.01
80.42
84.77
86.293
95.296
105.009
114.832

Tplus-ms
30.120375
30.668875
32.097375
31.525875
26.251375
29.111375
26.751375
31.481375
44.891375
55.521375
59.631375
54.201375
43.711375
31.811375
26.861375
26.521375
29.431375
42.321375
50.881375
47.991375
34.501375
34.458375
33.555375
33.362375
33.279375

H
-4.73121
-4.81737
-5.04175
-4.95198
-4.12348
-4.57272
-4.20202
-4.94499
-7.05139
-8.72112
-9.36671
-8.51378
-6.86604
-4.99683
-4.2193
-4.16589
-4.62299
-6.64771
-7.99228
-7.53833
-5.41937
-5.41261
-5.27077
-5.24046
-5.22742

Metode Plus Minus

Line Handaru_4

Grafik T-X
Line Handaru_4

Grafik T_minus vs 2X
Line Handaru_4

200
150
y = -1.0101x + 160.76

100

Tminus (ms)

y = 0.9874x + 41.122
100
50
y = 3.334x - 8.34
0
0
Forward 1

y = -3.334x + 391.74
X-Loc (m)
50
100
150
Forward 2
Reverse 1
Reverse 2

Equation Line 4
Direct Forward
y = 3.334x - 8.34
Refract Forward y = 0.9874x + 41.122
Direct Reverse
y = -3.334x + 391.74
Refract Reverse y = -1.0101x +160.76

y = 0.9632x - 115.27

50
0
-50

50

100

150

200

10

20

30

50

300

-150

2X (m)

Velocity Line 4
V1 Forward
299.940012
V1 Reverse
299.940012
V1 rata-rata
299.940012
V2
1038.20598

40

250

-100

Source to Source Time Line 4


Forward
157.1415
Reverse
158.23475
Average
157.688125

Model Lapisan Lapuk


Line Handaru_4

Kedalaman (m)

Travel Time (ms)

150

60

70

80

90

100

110

120

0
-1
-2
-3
-4
-5
-6
-7
-8
-9
-10

Host
Interface

Jarak (m)

Praktikum Seismik Refraksi

Metode Plus Minus

LINE HANDARU_4
The spread contains 2 shotpoints and 25 geophones

Geo
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25

Elev
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

X-loc
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90
95
100
105
110
115
120

Y-Loc
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60

SP 1
8.33
8.33
25
41.67
52.35
60.15
72.89
84.5
86.59
89.27
92.48
96.51
102.13
107.98
112.59
121.95
125.58
128.51
133.51
141.17
137.49
136.7
141.12
146.25
151.14

SP 2
151.14
146.54
142.74
139.02
136.95
142.2
137.92
130.45
123.41
116.85
111.07
107.09
102.24
97.7
96.77
89.4
82.89
78.69
73.31
61.17
51.13
41.67
25
8.33
8.33

Forward-ms
41.122
46.059
50.996
55.933
52.35
60.15
72.89
84.5
86.59
89.27
92.48
96.51
102.13
107.98
112.59
121.95
125.58
128.51
133.51
141.17
137.49
136.7
141.12
146.25
151.14

Praktikum Seismik Refraksi

SP
1
2

Elev
0
0

X-loc
2.5
117.5

Y-Loc
60
60

Depth
0
0

Reverse-ms
151.14
146.54
142.74
139.02
136.95
142.2
137.92
130.45
123.41
116.85
111.07
107.09
102.24
97.7
96.77
89.4
82.89
78.69
73.31
61.17
51.13
54.6995
49.649
44.5985
39.548

2x-ms
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
110
120
130
140
150
160
170
180
190
200
210
220
230
240

Tminus-ms
-110.018
-100.481
-91.744
-83.087
-84.6
-82.05
-65.03
-45.95
-36.82
-27.58
-18.59
-10.58
-0.11
10.28
15.82
32.55
42.69
49.82
60.2
80
86.36
82.0005
91.471
101.6515
111.592

Tplus-ms
34.573875
34.910875
36.047875
37.264875
31.611875
44.661875
53.121875
57.261875
52.311875
48.431875
45.861875
45.911875
46.681875
47.991875
51.671875
53.661875
50.781875
49.511875
49.131875
44.651875
30.931875
33.711375
33.080875
33.160375
32.999875

H
-5.41599
-5.46878
-5.64689
-5.83753
-4.95199
-6.99627
-8.32153
-8.97006
-8.19464
-7.58684
-7.18425
-7.19208
-7.3127
-7.51792
-8.09439
-8.40612
-7.95497
-7.75602
-7.6965
-6.99471
-4.84547
-5.28088
-5.18211
-5.19457
-5.16942

Metode Plus Minus

Line Handaru_5

Grafik T-X
Line Handaru_5

Grafik T_minus vs 2X
Line Handaru_5

160
150
y = -0.9904x + 154.59

120

y = 1.0382x + 32.484

100

Tminus (ms)

100
80
60
40
y = 3.334x - 8.34

20
0

50 X-Loc (m)

Forward 1

Forward 2

0
-50

50

100

150

200

2X (m)

Reverse 2

Velocity Line 5
V1 Forward
299.94
V1 Reverse
299.94
V1 rata-rata
299.94
V2
1005.328

Source to Source Time Line 5


Forward
154.4725
Reverse
152.114
Average
153.29325

Model Lapisan Lapuk


Line Handaru_5
10

20

30

300

-150

150

Equation Line 5
Direct Forward
y = 3.334x - 8.34
Refract Forward y = 1.0382x + 32.484
Direct Reverse
y = -3.334x + 391.74
Refract Reverse
y = -0.9904x +154.59

250

-100

100

Reverse 1

y = 0.9947x - 119.95

50

y = -3.334x + 391.74

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

110

120

0
-1
-2

Kedalaman (m)

Travel Time (ms)

140

-3
-4
Host

-5

Interface

-6
-7
-8
-9
-10

Jarak (m)

Praktikum Seismik Refraksi

Metode Plus Minus

LINE HANDARU_5
The spread contains 2 shotpoints and 25 geophones

Geo
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25

Elev
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

X-loc
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90
95
100
105
110
115
120

Y-Loc
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40

SP 1
8.33
8.33
25
41.67
48.84
56.03
66.48
78.71
82.99
78.69
79.27
84.37
89.7
95.28
102.82
111.81
123.36
133.11
135.52
132.67
134.29
136.71
141.06
145.93
150.93

SP 2
150.93
146.32
142.67
137.09
131.29
133.01
137.57
126.56
114.19
105.24
98.26
94.59
89.93
86.64
86.42
89.59
87.63
78.21
66.56
58.28
50.69
41.67
25
8.33
8.33

Forward-ms
32.484
37.675
42.866
48.057
48.84
56.03
66.48
78.71
82.99
78.69
79.27
84.37
89.7
95.28
102.82
111.81
123.36
133.11
135.52
132.67
134.29
136.71
141.06
145.93
150.93

Praktikum Seismik Refraksi

SP
1
2

Elev
0
0

X-loc
2.5
117.5

Y-Loc
40
40

Depth
0
0

Reverse-ms
150.93
146.32
142.67
137.09
131.29
133.01
137.57
126.56
114.19
105.24
98.26
94.59
89.93
86.64
86.42
89.59
87.63
78.21
66.56
58.28
50.69
50.598
45.646
40.694
35.742

2x-ms
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
110
120
130
140
150
160
170
180
190
200
210
220
230
240

Tminus-ms
-118.446
-108.645
-99.804
-89.033
-82.45
-76.98
-71.09
-47.85
-31.2
-26.55
-18.99
-10.22
-0.23
8.64
16.4
22.22
35.73
54.9
68.96
74.39
83.6
86.112
95.414
105.236
115.188

Tplus-ms
30.12075
30.70175
32.24275
31.85375
26.83675
35.74675
50.75675
51.97675
43.88675
30.63675
24.23675
25.66675
26.33675
28.62675
35.94675
48.10675
57.69675
58.02675
48.78675
37.65675
31.68675
34.01475
33.41275
33.33075
33.37875

H
-4.73276
-4.82405
-5.06618
-5.00506
-4.21675
-5.61675
-7.97521
-8.1669
-6.89575
-4.81383
-3.80823
-4.03292
-4.13819
-4.49801
-5.64817
-7.55883
-9.06566
-9.11752
-7.66567
-5.91686
-4.97882
-5.3446
-5.25001
-5.23713
-5.24467

Metode Plus Minus

Line Handaru_6

Grafik T-X
Line Handaru_6

Grafik T_minus vs 2X
Line Handaru_6

160

100

y = 0.9689x + 34.423

120

Tminus (ms)

100
80
60
40
20

y = 3.334x - 8.34

0
0

50
Forward 1

y = -3.334x + 391.74
X-Loc (m)

Forward 2

100

0
0

50

100

150

200

2X (m)

Reverse 2

Velocity Line 6
V1 Forward
299.94
V1 Reverse
299.94
V1 rata-rata
299.94
V2
990.8839

Source to Source Time Line 6


Forward
148.26875
Reverse
152.7565
Average
150.51263

Model Lapisan Lapuk


Line Handaru_6
0

10

20

30

250

-50

-150

150

Reverse 2

y = 1.0092x - 119.39

50

-100

Equation Line 6
Direct Forward
y = 3.334x - 8.34
Refract Forward y = 0.9689x +34.423
Direct Reverse
y = -3.334x + 391.74
Refract Reverse y = -1.0694x +155.43

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

110

120

0
-1

Kedalaman (m)

Travel Time (ms)

150

y = -1.0694x + 155.43

140

-2
-3
-4

Host

-5

Interface

-6
-7
-8
-9
-10

Jarak (m)

Praktikum Seismik Refraksi

Metode Plus Minus

300

LINE HANDARU_6
The spread contains 2 shotpoints and 25 geophones

Geo
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25

Elev
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

X-loc
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90
95
100
105
110
115
120

Y-Loc
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

SP 1
8.33
8.33
25
41.67
48.23
56.08
70.3
83.26
78.86
78.88
79.61
84.73
90.89
97.27
98.36
103.52
110.19
118.11
123.05
126.61
132.5
136.5
140.93
145.93
150.93

SP 2
150.93
146.37
141.71
135.95
132.12
138.66
134.41
122.32
113.09
104.18
97.04
93.66
90.27
84.22
76.57
72.82
70.21
67.37
60.38
55.2
50.69
41.67
25
8.33
8.33

Forward-ms
34.423
39.2675
44.112
48.9565
48.23
56.08
70.3
83.26
78.86
78.88
79.61
84.73
90.89
97.27
98.36
103.52
110.19
118.11
123.05
126.61
132.5
136.5
140.93
145.93
150.93

Praktikum Seismik Refraksi

SP
1
2

Elev
0
0

X-loc
2.5
117.5

Y-Loc
20
20

Depth
0
0

Reverse-ms
150.93
146.37
141.71
135.95
132.12
138.66
134.41
122.32
113.09
104.18
97.04
93.66
90.27
84.22
76.57
72.82
70.21
67.37
60.38
55.2
50.69
43.143
37.796
32.449
27.102

2x-ms
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
110
120
130
140
150
160
170
180
190
200
210
220
230
240

Tminus-ms
-116.507
-107.1025
-97.598
-86.9935
-83.89
-82.58
-64.11
-39.06
-34.23
-25.3
-17.43
-8.93
0.62
13.05
21.79
30.7
39.98
50.74
62.67
71.41
81.81
93.357
103.134
113.481
123.828

Tplus-ms
34.840375
35.124875
35.309375
34.393875
29.837375
44.227375
54.197375
55.067375
41.437375
32.547375
26.137375
27.877375
30.647375
30.977375
24.417375
25.827375
29.887375
34.967375
32.917375
31.297375
32.677375
29.130375
28.213375
27.866375
27.519375

H
-5.4822
-5.52697
-5.556
-5.41195
-4.69497
-6.95927
-8.52807
-8.66496
-6.52025
-5.12139
-4.11277
-4.38656
-4.82243
-4.87435
-3.84212
-4.06399
-4.70284
-5.50219
-5.17962
-4.9247
-5.14185
-4.58372
-4.43943
-4.38483
-4.33023

Metode Plus Minus

Line Handaru_7

Grafik T-X
Line Handaru_7

Grafik T_minus vs 2X
Line Handaru_7

160

150

140

100

y = 0.9165x + 37.34

y = -1.1234x + 157.54

Tminus (ms)

100
80
60
40
20

y = 3.334x - 8.34

y = -3.324x + 390.61

y = 1.0127x - 118.46

50
0
0

50

100

150

200

250

300

-50
-100

0
0

50 X-Loc (m)
Forward 1

Forward 2

100

Reverse 1

-150

150

2X (m)

Reverse 2

Equation Line 7
Direct Forward
y = 3.334x - 8.34
Refract Forward y = 0.9165x + 37.34
Direct Reverse
y = -3.324x + 390.61
Refract Reverse y = -1.1234x +157.54

Velocity Line 7
V1 Forward
299.94
V1 Reverse
300.8424
V1 rata-rata
300.3912
V2
987.4593

Source to Source Time Line 7


Forward
145.02875
Reverse
154.7315
Average
149.880125

Model Lapisan Lapuk


Line Handaru_7
0

Kedalaman (m)

Travel Time (ms)

120

0
-1
-2
-3
-4
-5
-6
-7
-8
-9
-10

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

110

120

Host
Interface

Jarak (m)

Praktikum Seismik Refraksi

Metode Plus Minus

LINE HANDARU_7
The spread contains 2 shotpoints and 25 geophones

Geo
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25

Elev
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

X-loc
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90
95
100
105
110
115
120

Y-Loc
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

SP 1
8.33
8.33
25
41.67
51.45
65.51
80.12
75.52
75.5
78.67
79.8
84.99
91.36
91
99.11
102
109.35
116.52
117.88
123.63
130.73
133.69
140.23
146.4
151.4

SP 2
151.17
146.83
142.63
138.07
144.68
140.15
128.32
119.09
111.75
104.18
97.04
93.65
87.18
79.08
77.69
70
69.46
63
55.62
52.62
48.24
41.57
25
8.33
8.33

Forward-ms
37.34
41.9225
46.505
51.0875
51.45
65.51
80.12
75.52
75.5
78.67
79.8
84.99
91.36
91
99.11
102
109.35
116.52
117.88
123.63
130.73
133.69
140.23
146.4
151.4

Praktikum Seismik Refraksi

SP
1
2

Elev
0
0

X-loc
2.5
117.5

Y-Loc
0
0

Depth
0
0

Reverse-ms
151.17
146.83
142.63
138.07
144.68
140.15
128.32
119.09
111.75
104.18
97.04
93.65
87.18
79.08
77.69
70
69.46
63
55.62
52.62
48.24
39.583
33.966
28.349
22.732

2x-ms
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
110
120
130
140
150
160
170
180
190
200
210
220
230
240

Tminus-ms
-113.83
-104.9075
-96.125
-86.9825
-93.23
-74.64
-48.2
-43.57
-36.25
-25.51
-17.24
-8.66
4.18
11.92
21.42
32
39.89
53.52
62.26
71.01
82.49
94.107
106.264
118.051
128.668

Tplus-ms
38.629875
38.872375
39.254875
39.277375
46.249875
55.779875
58.559875
44.729875
37.369875
32.969875
26.959875
28.759875
28.659875
20.199875
26.919875
22.119875
28.929875
29.639875
23.619875
26.369875
29.089875
23.392875
24.315875
24.868875
24.251875

H
-6.0907
-6.12893
-6.18924
-6.19279
-7.29213
-8.79471
-9.23302
-7.05247
-5.89204
-5.1983
-4.25071
-4.53451
-4.51875
-3.18488
-4.2444
-3.4876
-4.56132
-4.67326
-3.7241
-4.15769
-4.58654
-3.68831
-3.83384
-3.92103
-3.82375

Metode Plus Minus

Data Ploting Kontur


X-loc
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90
95
100
105
110
115
120

Y-Loc
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120

H
-4.628621
-4.661096
-4.624375
-4.625397
-5.302499
-5.835624
-5.297781
-4.363631
-4.553921
-4.319597
-4.608963
-5.598155
-5.370122
-4.632553
-5.077611
-4.637271
-5.005269
-7.019824
-8.060914
-7.14249
-5.04144
-5.387343
-5.336939
-5.335288
-5.352509

X-loc
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90
95
100
105
110
115
120

Y-Loc
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

H
-4.34103
-4.45483
-4.70705
-4.8004
-5.17986
-5.46928
-4.61204
-4.87
-4.28802
-4.99426
-4.13231
-4.62148
-4.53182
-4.96595
-4.5334
-4.4925
-4.93134
-6.06541
-8.02211
-8.39803
-6.96826
-5.67604
-5.50215
-5.49185
-5.50199

Praktikum Seismik Refraksi

X-loc
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90
95
100
105
110
115
120

Y-Loc
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80

H
-4.73121
-4.81737
-5.04175
-4.95198
-4.12348
-4.57272
-4.20202
-4.94499
-7.05139
-8.72112
-9.36671
-8.51378
-6.86604
-4.99683
-4.2193
-4.16589
-4.62299
-6.64771
-7.99228
-7.53833
-5.41937
-5.41261
-5.27077
-5.24046
-5.22742

Metode Plus Minus

X-loc
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90
95
100
105
110
115
120

Y-Loc
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60

H
-5.41599
-5.46878
-5.64689
-5.83753
-4.95199
-6.99627
-8.32153
-8.97006
-8.19464
-7.58684
-7.18425
-7.19208
-7.3127
-7.51792
-8.09439
-8.40612
-7.95497
-7.75602
-7.6965
-6.99471
-4.84547
-5.28088
-5.18211
-5.19457
-5.16942

Data Ploting Kontur


X-loc
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90
95
100
105
110
115
120

Y-Loc
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40

H
-4.732756
-4.824046
-5.066177
-5.005055
-4.216754
-5.616747
-7.97521
-8.166903
-6.895753
-4.813833
-3.808226
-4.032916
-4.138191
-4.498009
-5.648172
-7.558825
-9.065665
-9.117516
-7.665671
-5.916858
-4.978815
-5.344605
-5.250015
-5.23713
-5.244672

X-loc
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90
95
100
105
110
115
120

Y-Loc
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

Praktikum Seismik Refraksi

H
-5.4822
-5.52697
-5.556
-5.41195
-4.69497
-6.95927
-8.52807
-8.66496
-6.52025
-5.12139
-4.11277
-4.38656
-4.82243
-4.87435
-3.84212
-4.06399
-4.70284
-5.50219
-5.17962
-4.9247
-5.14185
-4.58372
-4.43943
-4.38483
-4.33023

X-loc
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90
95
100
105
110
115
120

Metode Plus Minus

Y-Loc
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

H
-6.0907
-6.12893
-6.18924
-6.19279
-7.29213
-8.79471
-9.23302
-7.05247
-5.89204
-5.1983
-4.25071
-4.53451
-4.51875
-3.18488
-4.2444
-3.4876
-4.56132
-4.67326
-3.7241
-4.15769
-4.58654
-3.68831
-3.83384
-3.92103
-3.82375

Hasil Ploting

Praktikum Seismik Refraksi

Metode Plus Minus

Geomorfologi Sungai
Hasil ploting kontur dan 3D surface memperlihatkan hasil seperti diatas, diama
sungai yang terbentuk adalah sungai dengan stadia dewasa, yang ditandai dengan bentuk
sungai yang berliku-liku. Bentuk sungai yang berliku-liku ini menandakan bahwa energy
aliran sungai mulai melemah dan kemungkinan terbentuk didaerah yang memiliki
topografi yang relative datar.
Anatomi Sungai
Sungai yang terbentuk tidak memiliki anatomi yang terlalu mencolok seperti
Chanel bar ataupun Point bar. Itu terlihat dari pola kontur yang menunjukkan tidak
terdapat pola kontur yang memiliki ketinggian tertentu di dalam pola aliran sungai,
sedangkan pola kontur yang lain cenderung merapat sekitar tepi-tepi sungai. Jika dilihat
lebih dalam, pola aliran sungai ini tidak menunjukkan pola dasar sungai yang datar,
namun cenderung membentuk cekungan atau bentuk V juga terdapat beberapa tempat
dasar sungai yang memiliki kedalaman yang lebih dalam disbanding daerah sekitarnya.
Lebar dan Kedalaman Sungai
No. Line
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Rata

Lebar
Dalam
20
3
20
3.5
40
5.5
35
3.5
35
4
30
3.5
20
3
28.57143 3.714286

Dari hasil permodelan lapisan dari line 1 hingga line 7 menunjukkan variasi lebar
dan kedalaman yang tidak terlalu terpaut jauh, demgan rata-rata lebar sungai adalah 28.57
meter dan kedalaman sungai sekitar 3.71 meter.

DAFTAR PUSTAKA
Asisten GEM. 2014. Pemodelan Maju dan Koreksi Topografi. FMIPA Universitas
Gadjah Mada.

Praktikum Seismik Refraksi

Metode Plus Minus