Anda di halaman 1dari 20

10 November 2014

Praktikum Seismik
Refraksi
Metode Hagiwara

Universitas Gadjah Mada


GEOFISIKA

Data
Tugas 1
X (m)
12.5
25
37.5
50
75
100
125
150
175
200
225
250
275

forward
6
12.5
19
25
37
42.5
48.5
53
57
61.5
66
71
76.5

reverse
76.5
71
65.5
59
52
45.5
37.5
30.5
25
19.5
17
12.5
6

2,5
7,7
7,7
23,1
38,5
53,8
57,3
63,8
72,1
80,1
86,4
93
94,9
98,3
103,3
109,6
115,7
120,3
121,6
125,3

82,5
126,4
116,7
107,5
96,2
87,3
81,3
80,1
80,5
78
75,5
69,1
62,6
58,2
53,8
38,5
23,1
7,7
7,7
23,1

Tugas 2
x(m)
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90

162,5
192,2
182,4
173,2
162,5
153,6
147,6
146,4
146,8
144,3
141,8
135,5
128,9
124,5
121,5
119
114,7
107,6
101,3
93,4

Praktikum Seismik Refraksi

242,5
259,5
249,9
240,7
230
221,1
215,1
213,9
214,3
211,8
209,3
203
196,4
192
189
186,5
182,2
175,1
168,8
161,4

Metode Hagiwara

95
100
105
110
115
120
125
130
135
140
145
150
155
160
165
170
175
180
185
190
195
200
205
210
215
220
225
230
235
240
245

124,2
128,2
135,7
143,6
148,9
152,3
154,4
156,3
157
156,4
160,9
167,6
174
182,7
190,5
193,8
199,4
204,2
211,1
220,1
227,7
234,8
239,1
238,7
240,4
243
244,4
246,2
248,7
252,4
256,8

38,5
44,1
51,6
60,1
65,3
68,7
70,8
72,7
73,4
72,8
77,3
84
90,4
99,1
106,9
110,3
115,9
120,7
127,5
136,7
144,2
151,4
155,7
155,4
157,1
159,6
161
162,9
165,3
169
173,4

85,6
81,5
82,2
79,3
73,8
67,4
60,5
53,1
44,7
36
31,5
29,6
23,1
7,7
7,7
23,1
38,5
44,1
51
60,4
68
75,2
79,4
79,1
80,8
83,3
84,8
86,6
89
92,8
97,2

Praktikum Seismik Refraksi

153,5
149,5
150,1
147,2
141,7
135,4
128,4
121
112,6
104
99,5
97,6
95
96,1
92,3
86,7
83,8
79,4
80,7
79,5
77,6
72,5
63,3
56
49,4
42,4
35,1
28,3
22,2
7,7
7,7

Metode Hagiwara

Tugas 3
Shot
X (m)
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90
95
100

2.5 m
TT (ms)
7.2
7.2
22
33.4
37.8
42.4
48.1
52.7
54.3
56.3
58.5
62.1
64.9
69.8
73.4
79.7
86.4
91.6
97.8
103.2
105.7

34.2 m
TT (ms)
53.9
49.9
43
37.1
33.3
26.7
12.1
2.4
17.1
28.7
30.9
34.5
37.3
42.1
45.7
52.1
58.8
64
70.2
75.6
78.1

65.8 m
TT (ms)
72.4
68.3
61.5
55.5
51.7
48.2
45.7
42.1
35.6
29.4
23.4
18.9
13.6
2.4
12.1
18.9
25.6
30.7
36.9
42.3
44.9

97.5 m
TT (ms)
106.5
102.4
95.6
89.6
85.8
82.3
79.8
76.2
69.7
63.5
57.6
53
47.7
44.4
39.8
38
36.5
33.5
21.9
7.3
7.3

Topo
(m)
100
100
99
98.3
98.4
98.6
99.2
99.4
98.5
97.8
97.1
96.9
96.4
96.7
96.5
97.4
98.3
98.7
99.5
99.9
99.4

Langkah Kerja
Tugas 1
X (m)
12.5
25
37.5
50
75
100
125
150
175
200
225
250
275

forward
6
12.5
19
25
37
42.5
48.5
53
57
61.5
66
71
76.5

reverse
76.5
71
65.5
59
52
45.5
37.5
30.5
25
19.5
17
12.5
6

TAP
TBP
25.90825 76.5
28.2995
71
30.69075 65.5
33.082
59
37
52
42.5
45.5
48.5
37.5
53
30.5
57
25
61.5
19.5
66
17
71
7.254
76.5
0.5165

TAB
76.572
76.572
76.572
76.572
76.572
76.572
76.572
76.572
76.572
76.572
76.572
76.572
76.572

Praktikum Seismik Refraksi

TP
25.835
22.727
19.618
15.509
12.427
11.427
9.4276
6.9276
5.4276
4.4276
6.4276
1.6816
0.4441

T'AP
12.990
16.935
20.881
25.327
30.786
36.786
43.786
49.536
54.286
59.286
62.786
70.159
76.277

V1
2932.974
2932.974
2932.974
2932.974
2932.974
2932.974
2932.974
2932.974
2932.974
2932.974
2932.974
2932.974
2932.974

Metode Hagiwara

V2
4278.99
4278.99
4278.99
4278.99
4278.99
4278.99
4278.99
4278.99
4278.99
4278.99
4278.99
4278.99
4278.99

Hp
-27.5875
-24.268
-20.9484
-16.5611
-13.2702
-12.2024
-10.0668
-7.3973
-5.7956
-4.72781
-6.8634
-1.79563
-0.47424

Grafik Tugas 1
Travel Time vs Distance

X vs T'AP

y = 0.1913x + 23.517

80

T'AP (ms)

y = -0.2695x + 74.629
60
40
20
y = 0.4951x + 0.0946

0
0

50
Forward 1

100

y = -0.26x + 77.5
150

Distance (m)

Forward 2

200

250

Reverse 1

90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0

300

y = 0.2337x + 12.503

50

100

150

Velocity Tugas 1
V1 Forward
2019.794
V1 Reverse
3846.154
V1 rata-rata
2932.974
V2
4278.99

25

37.5

50

75

100

125

150

175

200

225

250

0
-5
-10
-15
-20
-25
-30
-35
-40
-45

250

300

Source to Source Time Tugas1


Forward
78.51575
Reverse
74.629
Average
76.572375

Permodelan Lapisan Tugas 1


Kedalaman vs Jarak
12.5

200

X (m)

Reverse 2

Equation Tugas 1
Direct Forward
y = 0.4951x - 0.0946
Refract Forward
y = 0.1913x + 23.517
Direct Reverse
y = -0.26x + 77.5
Refract Reverse
y = -0.2695x + 74.629

Kedalaman (m)

Travel Time (ms)

100

Jarak (m)
Lapisan 2

Praktikum Seismik Refraksi

Lapisan 1

Metode Hagiwara

275

Tugas 2

x(m)
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90
95
100
105
110
115
120
125
130
135
140
145
150
155
160
165
170
175
180
185

2.5
7.7
7.7
23.1
38.5
53.8
57.3
63.8
72.1
80.1
86.4
93
94.9
98.3
103.3
109.6
115.7
120.3
121.6
125.3
124.2
128.2
135.7
143.6
148.9
152.3
154.4
156.3
157
156.4
160.9
167.6
174
182.7
190.5
193.8
199.4
204.2
211.1

Pengolahan Data SP1 dan SP4


242.5
259.5
249.9
240.7
230
221.1
215.1
213.9
214.3
211.8
209.3
203
196.4
192
189
186.5
182.2
175.1
168.8
161.4
153.5
149.5
150.1
147.2
141.7
135.4
128.4
121
112.6
104
99.5
97.6
95
96.1
92.3
86.7
83.8
79.4
80.7

TAP
41.3
45.8415
50.383
54.9245
59.466

57.3
63.8
72.1
80.1
86.4
93
94.9
98.3
103.3
109.6
115.7
120.3
121.6
125.3
124.2
128.2
135.7
143.6
148.9
152.3
154.4
156.3
157
156.4
160.9
167.6
174
182.7
190.5
193.8
199.4
204.2
211.1

TBP

259.5
249.9
240.7
230
221.1
215.1
213.9
214.3
211.8
209.3
203
196.4
192
189
186.5
182.2
175.1
168.8
161.4
153.5
149.5
150.1
147.2
141.7
135.4
128.4
121
112.6
104
99.5
97.6
95
96.1
92.3
86.7
83.8
79.4
80.7

TAB
TP
T'AP
V1
V2
252.658 48.1413 17.22931 335.0683 1091.346
252.658 43.0828 24.30006 335.0683 1091.346
252.658 38.4243 31.17081 335.0683 1091.346
252.658 32.2658 38.79156 335.0683 1091.346
252.658 27.9073 45.51231 335.0683 1091.346
252.658 19.7413 47.42931 335.0683 1091.346
252.658 25.0413 51.27931 335.0683 1091.346
252.658 33.7413 55.22931 335.0683 1091.346
252.658 39.2413 60.47931 335.0683 1091.346
252.658 43.0413 64.87931 335.0683 1091.346
252.658 43.3413 71.32931 335.0683 1091.346
252.658 38.6413 75.57931 335.0683 1091.346
252.658 37.6413 79.47931 335.0683 1091.346
252.658 39.6413 83.47931 335.0683 1091.346
252.658 43.4413 87.87931 335.0683 1091.346
252.658 45.2413 93.07931 335.0683 1091.346
252.658 42.7413 98.92931 335.0683 1091.346
252.658 37.74138 102.7293 335.0683 1091.346
252.658 34.0413 108.2793 335.0683 1091.346
252.658 25.0413 111.6793 335.0683 1091.346
252.658 25.0413 115.6793 335.0683 1091.346
252.658 33.1413 119.1293 335.0683 1091.346
252.658 38.1413 124.5293 335.0683 1091.346
252.658 37.9413 129.9293 335.0683 1091.346
252.658 35.0413 134.7793 335.0683 1091.346
252.658 30.1413 139.3293 335.0683 1091.346
252.658 24.6413 143.9793 335.0683 1091.346
252.658 16.9413 148.5293 335.0683 1091.346
252.658 7.74137 152.5293 335.0683 1091.346
252.658 7.74137 157.0293 335.0683 1091.346
252.658 12.5413 161.3293 335.0683 1091.346
252.658 16.3413 165.8293 335.0683 1091.346
252.658 26.1413 169.6293 335.0683 1091.346
252.658 30.1413 175.4293 335.0683 1091.346
252.658 27.8413 179.8793 335.0683 1091.346
252.658 30.5413 184.1293 335.0683 1091.346
252.658 30.9413 188.7293 335.0683 1091.346
252.658 39.1413 191.5293 335.0683 1091.346

Praktikum Seismik Refraksi

Metode Hagiwara

Hp
-7.67579
-6.86925
-6.12648
-5.14456
-4.44962
-3.14762
-3.99266
-5.37981
-6.25675
-6.86263
-6.91046
-6.16108
-6.00164
-6.32052
-6.92641
-7.2134
-6.8148
-6.01758
-5.42765
-3.99266
-3.99266
-5.28415
-6.08136
-6.04947
-5.58709
-4.80582
-3.92888
-2.70118
-1.2343
-1.2343
-1.99963
-2.60551
-4.16805
-4.80582
-4.4391
-4.8696
-4.93337
-6.2408

190
195
200
205
210
215
220
225
230
235
240
245

220.1
227.7
234.8
239.1
238.7
240.4
243
244.4
246.2
248.7
252.4
256.8

79.5
77.6
72.5
63.3
56
49.4
42.4
35.1
28.3
22.2
7.7
7.7

220.1
227.7
234.8
239.1
238.7
240.4
243
244.4
246.2
248.7
252.4
256.8

79.5
77.6
72.5
63.3
56
49.4
42.4
35.1
28.3

252.658
252.658
252.658
252.658
252.658
252.658
252.658
252.658
252.658
28.413 252.658
23.782 252.658
19.151 252.658

46.9413
52.6413
54.6413
49.7413
42.0413
37.1413
32.7413
26.8413
21.8413
24.4543
23.5233
23.2923

196.6293
201.3793
207.4793
214.2293
217.6793
221.8293
226.6293
230.9793
235.2793
236.4728
240.6383
245.1538

Grafik Hubungan SP1 & SP4


Travel Time vs Distance

1091.346
1091.346
1091.346
1091.346
1091.346
1091.346
1091.346
1091.346
1091.346
1091.346
1091.346
1091.346

-7.48446
-8.39328
-8.71216
-7.93089
-6.70319
-5.92192
-5.22037
-4.27966
-3.48245
-3.89907
-3.75063
-3.7138

X vs T'AP
300

300
250

250

y = -0.9262x + 246.07
y = 0.9083x + 41.3

200

T'AP (ms)

Travel Time (ms)

335.0683
335.0683
335.0683
335.0683
335.0683
335.0683
335.0683
335.0683
335.0683
335.0683
335.0683
335.0683

150
100

y = 0.9163x + 23.854

200
150
100

50
y = 3.074x - 7.65

0
0

50

50

y = -2.9x + 703.7

100

150

200

250

300

Distance (m)
Forward 1

Forward 2

Reverse 1

Equation SP1 & SP4


Direct Forward
y = 3.074x - 7.65
Refract Forward y = 0.9083x + 41.3
Direct Reverse
y = -2.9x + 703.7
Refract Reverse y = -0.9262x + 246.07

0
0

Reverse 2

100

150

200

250

300

X (m)

Velocity SP1 & SP4


V1 Forward
325.309044
V1 Reverse
344.827586
V1 rata-rata
335.068315
V2
1091.34563

Praktikum Seismik Refraksi

50

Source to Source Time SP1 & SP4


Forward
261.56275
Reverse
243.7545
Average
252.658625

Metode Hagiwara

Permodelan Lapisan SP1 & SP4


Kedalaman vs Jarak
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 190 200 210 220 230 240
0
-1

Kedalaman (m)

-2
-3
-4
-5
-6
-7
-8
-9
-10

Jarak (m)
Lapisan 2

x(m)
85
90
95
100
105
110
115
120
125
130
135
140
145
150
155
160

82.5
7.7
23.1
38.5
44.1
51.6
60.1
65.3
68.7
70.8
72.7
73.4
72.8
77.3
84
90.4
99.1

Lapisan 1

Pengolahan Data SP2 dan SP3


162.5 TAP
TBP
TAB
101.3 36.275 101.3 100.5014
93.4 40.149
93.4
100.5014
85.6 44.023
85.6
100.5014
81.5
44.1
81.5
100.5014
82.2
51.6
82.2
100.5014
79.3
60.1
79.3
100.5014
73.8
65.3
73.8
100.5014
67.4
68.7
67.4
100.5014
60.5
70.8
60.5
100.5014
53.1
72.7
53.1
100.5014
44.7
73.4
44.7
100.5014
36
72.8
36
100.5014
31.5
77.3
31.5
100.5014
29.6
84
29.6
100.5014
23.1
90.4 23.8505 100.5014
7.7
99.1
18.276 100.5014

TP
37.07363
33.04763
29.12163
25.09863
33.29863
38.89863
38.59863
35.59863
30.79863
25.29863
17.59863
8.298625
8.298625
13.09863
13.74913
16.87463

Praktikum Seismik Refraksi

T'AP
17.73819
23.62519
29.46219
31.55069
34.95069
40.65069
46.00069
50.90069
55.40069
60.05069
64.60069
68.65069
73.15069
77.45069
83.52544
90.66269

V1
324.6753
324.6753
324.6753
324.6753
324.6753
324.6753
324.6753
324.6753
324.6753
324.6753
324.6753
324.6753
324.6753
324.6753
324.6753
324.6753

Metode Hagiwara

V2
1070.091
1070.091
1070.091
1070.091
1070.091
1070.091
1070.091
1070.091
1070.091
1070.091
1070.091
1070.091
1070.091
1070.091
1070.091
1070.091

Hp
-5.73474
-5.11198
-4.50468
-3.88238
-5.1508
-6.01704
-5.97063
-5.50658
-4.76409
-3.91332
-2.72225
-1.28367
-1.28367
-2.02616
-2.12679
-2.61025

Grafik Hubungan SP2 & SP3


Travel Time vs Distance

X vs T'AP
100

100

80

y = -1.1149x + 196.66

80

T'AP (ms)

y = 0.7748x - 29.583

60
40
20

y = 3.08x - 254.1
80

100

120

140

60
40

160

180

80

Distance (m)
Forward 1

Forward 2

Reverse 1

y = 0.9345x - 61.447

20

y = -3.08x + 500.5

100

120

140

Velocity SP2 & SP3


V1 Forward
324.675325
V1 Reverse
324.675325
V1 rata-rata 324.675325
V2
1070.09096

85

90

95

180

Source to Source Time SP2 & SP3


Forward
96.322
Reverse
104.68075
Average
100.501375

Permodelan Lapisan SP2 & SP3


Kedalaman vs Jarak
0
-1
-2
-3
-4
-5
-6
-7
-8
-9
-10

160

X (m)

Reverse 2

Equation SP2 & SP3


Direct Forward
y = 3.08x - 254.1
Refract Forward y = 0.7748x + 29.583
Direct Reverse
y = -3.08x + 500.5
Refract Reverse y = -1.1149x + 196.66

Kedalaman (m)

Travel Time (ms)

120

100 105 110 115 120 125 130 135 140 145 150 155 160

Jarak (m)
Lapisan 2

Praktikum Seismik Refraksi

Lapisan 1

Metode Hagiwara

Hasil Korelasi

Dari korelasi SP1 & SP 4 dengan SP2 dan SP3 diperoleh hasil seperti gambar diatas. Hasil gamabr diatas kurang berkorelasi dengan baik pada
jarak 85 meter hingga 160 meter, hal itu dapat diakibatkan oleh beberapa faktor, salah satunya adalah kesalahan perhitungan. Faktor lain yang
dapat mempengaruhi juga dapat berasal dari kesalahan menentukan data mana yang akan digunakan.

Praktikum Seismik Refraksi

Metode Hagiwara

Tugas 3

Shot
X (m)
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90
95
100

Pengolahan Data SP1 dan SP4 Sebelum Koreksi


2.5 m
TT (ms)
7.2
7.2
22
33.4
37.8
42.4
48.1
52.7
54.3
56.3
58.5
62.1
64.9
69.8
73.4
79.7
86.4
91.6
97.8
103.2
105.7

97.5 m
TT (ms)
106.5
102.4
95.6
89.6
85.8
82.3
79.8
76.2
69.7
63.5
57.6
53
47.7
44.4
39.8
38
36.5
33.5
21.9
7.3
7.3

Topo
(m)
100
100
99
98.3
98.4
98.6
99.2
99.4
98.5
97.8
97.1
96.9
96.4
96.7
96.5
97.4
98.3
98.7
99.5
99.9
99.4

Beda

-1
0
0.7
0.6
0.4
-0.2
-0.4
0.5
1.2
1.9
2.1
2.6
2.3
2.5
1.6
0.7
0.3
-0.5
-0.9

TAP

TBP

TAB

TP

24.656 102.4 101.12976 25.9262


95.6
28.734
101.12976 23.2042
89.6
32.812
101.12976 21.2822
85.8
36.89
101.12976 21.5602
42.4
82.3
101.12976 23.5702
48.1
79.8
101.12976 26.7702
52.7
76.2
101.12976 27.7702
54.3
69.7
101.12976 22.8702
56.3
63.5
101.12976 18.6702
58.5
57.6
101.12976 14.9702
62.1
53
101.12976 13.9702
64.9
47.7
101.12976 11.4702
69.8
44.4
101.12976 13.0702
73.4
39.8
101.12976 12.0702
79.7
38
101.12976 16.5702
86.4
36.5
101.12976 21.7702
91.6 28.9255 101.12976 19.3957
97.8
24.487 101.12976 21.1572
103.2 20.0485 101.12976 22.1187

Praktikum Seismik Refraksi

T'AP

V1

V2

Hp

Profile
Interface

11.6928
17.1318
22.1708
26.1098
30.6148
34.7148
38.8148
42.8648
46.9648
51.0148
55.1148
59.1648
63.2648
67.3648
71.4148
75.5148
81.9021
87.2213
92.1406

381.6794
381.6794
381.6794
381.6794
381.6794
381.6794
381.6794
381.6794
381.6794
381.6794
381.6794
381.6794
381.6794
381.6794
381.6794
381.6794
381.6794
381.6794
381.6794

1165.501
1165.501
1165.501
1165.501
1165.501
1165.501
1165.501
1165.501
1165.501
1165.501
1165.501
1165.501
1165.501
1165.501
1165.501
1165.501
1165.501
1165.501
1165.501

-4.67493
-4.1841
-3.83754
-3.88766
-4.2501
-4.82711
-5.00743
-4.12388
-3.36655
-2.69938
-2.51906
-2.06827
-2.35678
-2.17646
-2.98789
-3.92553
-3.49737
-3.815
-3.98837

94.3250749
94.8158961
95.1624641
95.1123362
94.7499003
94.1728879
93.9925715
94.8761217
95.6334505
96.3006211
96.4809374
96.9317284
96.6432222
96.8235386
96.0121149
95.0744697
95.502631
95.1850037
95.0116295

Metode Hagiwara

X vs T'AP SP1 & SP4


Sebelum Dikoreksi

Grafik Hubungan SP1 & SP4 Sebelum Dikoreksi


Travel Time vs Distance
100

y = 0.8156x + 20.578

100

80

y = -0.8877x + 104.38

80

T'AP (ms)

Travel Time (ms)

120

60
40
20

y = 0.8589x + 8.379

60
40
20

y = 2.62x - 5.3333

y = -2.62x + 256.7

0
0

20
Forward 1

40

60

80

Distance (m)
Forward 2

100

20

40

60

Reverse 1

Velocity SP1 & SP 4


V1 Forward 381.6793893
V1 Reverse
381.6793893
V1 rata-rata 381.6793893
V2
1165.501166

Source to Source Time SP1 & SP 4


Forward
100.099
Reverse
102.160525
Average
101.1297625

Kedalaman (m)

Permodelan Lapisan SP1 & SP4


Sebelum Dikoreksi
101
100
99
98
97
96
95
94
93
92
91
90
10

15

20

100

Reverse 2

Equation SP1 & SP 4


Direct Forward
y = 2.62x - 5.3333
Refract Forward
y = 0.8156x + 20.578
Direct Reverse
y = -2.62x + 256.7
Refract Reverse
y = -0.8877x + 104.38

80

X (m)

25

30

35

40

45

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

Jarak (m)
Lapisan 1

Praktikum Seismik Refraksi

Lapisan 2

Metode Hagiwara

90

95

1
0
-0.7
-0.6
-0.4
0.2
0.4
-0.5
-1.2
-1.9
-2.1
-2.6
-2.3
-2.5
-1.6
-0.7
-0.3
0.5
0.9

Pengolahan Data SP1 dan SP4 Setelah Koreksi

X (m)

2.62
0
-1.834
-1.572
-1.048
0.524
1.048
-1.31
-3.144
-4.978
-5.502
-6.812
-6.026
-6.55
-4.192
-1.834
-0.786
1.31
2.358

0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90
95
100

2.5 m
TT (ms)
7.2
7.2
22
33.4
37.8
42.4
48.1
52.7
54.3
56.3
58.5
62.1
64.9
69.8
73.4
79.7
86.4
91.6
97.8
103.2
105.7

97.5 m
TT (ms)
106.5
102.4
95.6
89.6
85.8
82.3
79.8
76.2
69.7
63.5
57.6
53
47.7
44.4
39.8
38
36.5
33.5
21.9
7.3
7.3

TAP
(Forward)

TBP
(Reverse)

Topo
(m)

TAP

TBP

TAB

TP

T'AP

V1

V2

Hp

4.58
22
35.234
39.372
43.448
47.576
51.652
55.61
59.444
63.478
67.602
71.712
75.826
79.95
83.892
88.234
92.386
96.49
100.842

99.78
95.6
91.434
87.372
83.348
79.276
75.152
71.01
66.644
62.578
58.502
54.512
50.426
46.35
42.192
38.334
34.286
20.59
4.942

100
99
98.3
98.4
98.6
99.2
99.4
98.5
97.8
97.1
96.9
96.4
96.7
96.5
97.4
98.3
98.7
99.5
99.9

26.648
30.755
34.862
39.372
43.448
47.576
51.652
55.61
59.444
63.478
67.602
71.712
75.826
79.95
83.892
88.234
92.386
96.49
100.842

99.78
95.6
91.434
87.372
83.348
79.276
75.152
71.01
66.644
62.578
58.502
54.512
50.426
46.35
42.192
38.334
34.0715
29.971
25.8705

102.1099
102.1099
102.1099
102.1099
102.1099
102.1099
102.1099
102.1099
102.1099
102.1099
102.1099
102.1099
102.1099
102.1099
102.1099
102.1099
102.1099
102.1099
102.1099

24.318
24.245
24.186
24.634
24.686
24.742
24.694
24.510
23.978
23.946
23.994
24.114
24.142
24.190
23.974
24.458
24.347
24.351
24.602

14.4889
18.6324
22.7689
27.0549
31.1049
35.2049
39.3049
43.3549
47.4549
51.5049
55.6049
59.6549
63.7549
67.8549
71.9049
76.0049
80.2121
84.3144
88.5406

333.5034
333.5034
333.5034
333.5034
333.5034
333.5034
333.5034
333.5034
333.5034
333.5034
333.5034
333.5034
333.5034
333.5034
333.5034
333.5034
333.5034
333.5034
333.5034

1096.011
1096.011
1096.011
1096.011
1096.011
1096.011
1096.011
1096.011
1096.011
1096.011
1096.011
1096.011
1096.011
1096.011
1096.011
1096.011
1096.011
1096.011
1096.011

-3.862
-3.851
-3.841
-3.912
-3.921
-3.930
-3.922
-3.893
-3.808
-3.803
-3.811
-3.830
-3.834
-3.842
-3.808
-3.885
-3.867
-3.868
-3.907

Praktikum Seismik Refraksi

Metode Hagiwara

Profile
Interface
95.1372
95.1487
95.1581
95.0870
95.0787
95.0698
95.0774
95.1067
95.1912
95.1962
95.1886
95.1696
95.1651
95.1575
95.1918
95.1149
95.1325
95.1319
95.0920

Grafik Hubungan SP1 & SP4 Setelah Dikoreksi


Travel Time vs Distance

X vs T'AP SP1 & SP4


Setelah Dikoreksi

120
y = -0.8201x + 103.78

100

80

40
20
0

20

40

60

40

80

100

Distance (m)
Forward 1

Forward 2

Reverse 1

y = 0.8198x + 10.522

60

20

y = -2.9344x + 284.04

y = 3.0654x - 10.049

80

T'AP (ms)

y = 0.816x + 22.93

60

20

40

60

Velocity SP1 & SP4


V1 Forward 326.2217003
V1 Reverse
340.785169
V1 rata-rata 333.5034346
V2
1165.501166

101
100
99
98
97
96
95
94
93
92
10

15

20

25

30

35

40

100

Source to Source Time SP1 & SP4


Forward
102.49
Reverse
101.7298
Average
102.1099

Permodelan Lapisan SP1 & SP4


Setelah Dikoreksi

80

X (m)

Reverse 2

Equation SP1 & SP4


Direct Forward
y = 3.0654x - 10.049
Refract Forward
y = 0.816x + 22.93
Direct Reverse
y = -2.9344x + 284.04
Refract Reverse
y = -0.8201x + 103.78

Kedalaman (m)

Travel Time (ms)

100

45

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

Jarak (m)
Lapisan 1

Praktikum Seismik Refraksi

Lapisan 2

Metode Hagiwara

90

95


shot
X (m)
65
70
75
80
85
90
95

Pengolahan Data SP3 dan SP4 Sebelum Koreksi


65.8 m
TT (ms)
2.4
12.1
18.9
25.6
30.7
36.9
42.3

97.5 m
TT (ms)
44.4
39.8
38
36.5
33.5
21.9
7.3

Topo
(m)
96.7
96.5
97.4
98.3
98.7
99.5
99.9

beda
2.3
2.5
1.6
0.7
0.3
-0.5
-0.9

TAP

TBP

7.8455
13.435
18.9
25.6
30.7
36.9
42.3

44.4
39.8
38
36.5
33.42
30.91
28.4

Grafik Hubungan SP3 & SP4 Sebelum Dikoreksi


Travel Time vs Distance

y = 1.1179x - 64.818
30

T'AP (ms)

Travel Time (ms)

y = -0.502x + 76.09

20
10

y = -2.62x + 256.7

y = 1.94x - 123.7

0
60

70

80

90

100

Distance (m)
Forward 1

Forward 2

Reverse 1

TP

T'AP

V1

V2

43.61783
43.61783
43.61783
43.61783
43.61783
43.61783
43.61783

8.627675
9.617175
13.28218
18.48218
20.50218
24.19218
27.08218

3.531663
8.626412
12.25891
16.35891
20.44891
24.80391
28.75891

448.5717
448.5717
448.5717
448.5717
448.5717
448.5717
448.5717

1204.529
1204.529
1204.529
1204.529
1204.529
1204.529
1204.529

X vs T'AP SP3 & SP4


Sebelum Dikoreksi

50
40

TAB

110

35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0

y = 0.8302x - 50.017

60

Reverse 2

Praktikum Seismik Refraksi

70

80

X (m)

Metode Hagiwara

90

100

Hp
-1.795
-2.001
-2.764
-3.847
-4.267
-5.035
-5.637

Profile
Interface
94.80412
94.59816
93.83527
92.75288
92.33241
91.56432
90.96276

Equation SP3 & SP4


Direct Forward
y = 1.94x - 123.7
Refract Forward y = 1.1179x - 64.818
Direct Reverse
y = -2.62x + 256.7
Refract Reverse y = -0.502x + 76.09

Velocity SP3 & SP4


V1 Forward
515.46392
V1 Reverse
381.67939
V1 rata-rata 448.57165
V2
1204.529

Source to Source Time SP3 & SP4


Forward
44.17725
Reverse
43.0584
Average
43.617825

Permodelan Lapisan SP3 & SP4


Sebelum Dikoreksi
102
100

Kedalaman (m)

98
96
94
92
90
88
86
65

70

75

80

85

90

Jarak (m)

Praktikum Seismik Refraksi

Metode Hagiwara

95

Pengolahan Data SP3 dan SP4 Setelah Koreksi

-2.3
-2.5
-1.6
-0.7
-0.3
0.5
0.9

-5.127
-5.573
-3.566
-1.560
-0.668
1.1146
2.0063

X (m)
65
70
75
80
85
90
95

65.8 m
TT (ms)
2.4
12.1
18.9
25.6
30.7
36.9
42.3

97.5 m
TT (ms)
44.4
39.8
38
36.5
33.5
21.9
7.3

TAP
(Forward)

TBP
(Reverse)

7.527385
17.67324
22.46687
27.16050
31.36878
35.78535
40.29363

49.52738
45.37324
41.566877
38.060508
34.168789
20.785350
5.2936315

Topo
(m)
96.7
96.5
97.4
98.3
98.7
99.5
99.9

TAP

TBP

TAB

TP

T'AP

V1

V2

Hp

Profile
Interface

13.400
17.89
22.466
27.160
31.368
35.785
40.293

49.527
45.373
41.566
38.060
34.13
30.33
26.527

45.672
45.672
45.672
45.672
45.672
45.672
45.672

17.255
17.594
18.361
19.548
19.829
20.442
21.148

4.772
9.096
13.286
17.386
21.454
25.563
29.719

419.56
419.56
419.56
419.56
419.56
419.56
419.56

1207.438
1207.438
1207.438
1207.438
1207.438
1207.438
1207.438

-1.257
-1.282
-1.338
-1.422
-1.445
-1.490
-1.541

95.34215
95.31741
95.2615
95.17499
95.1545
95.10980
95.05839

Grafik Hubungan SP3 & SP4 Setelah Dikoreksi


Travel Time vs Distance

X vs T'AP SP3 & SP4


Setelah Dikoreksi

y = -0.7606x + 98.784

50

y = 0.8987x - 45.015

40

T'AP (ms)

Travel Time (ms)

60

30
20
y = -2.8875x + 279.96

10
y = 2.0292x - 124.37

0
60

70
Forward 1

80

Distance (m)
Forward 2

Reverse 1

90

100

35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0

y = 0.8282x - 48.927

60

Reverse 2

Praktikum Seismik Refraksi

70

80

X (m)

Metode Hagiwara

90

100

Equation Line 1
Direct Forward
Refract Forward
Direct Reverse
Refract Reverse

Velocity Line 1
V1 Forward 492.8050463
V1 Reverse
346.3203463
V1 rata-rata 419.5626963
V2
1204.529029

y = 2.0292x - 124.37
y = 0.8987x - 45.015
y = -2.8875x + 279.96
y = -0.7606x + 98.784

Source to Source Time Line 1


Forward
42.60825
Reverse
48.73652
Average
45.67239

Permodelan Lapisan SP3 & SP4


Setelah Dikoreksi
101
100

Kedalaman (m)

99
98
97
96

Lapisan 1

95

Lapisan 2

94
93
92
65

70

75

80

85

90

95

Jarak (m)

Praktikum Seismik Refraksi

Metode Hagiwara

Hasil Korelasi

Dari korelasi SP1 & SP 4 dengan SP3 dan SP4 diperoleh hasil seperti gambar diatas. Hasil gamabr diatas cukup berkorelasi dengan baik pada
jarak 65 meter hingga 95 meter, hal itu dapat diakibatkan oleh beberapa faktor, salah satunya adalah kesalahan perhitungan. Faktor lain yang dapat
mempengaruhi juga dapat berasal dari kesalahan menentukan data mana yang akan digunakan.

Praktikum Seismik Refraksi

Metode Hagiwara

Kesimpulan

Tugas 1
o Kecepatan lapisan 1 adalah 2932.97 m/s
o Kecepatan lapisan 2 adalah 4278.99 m/s

Tugas 2 SP1 & SP4


o Kecepatan lapisan 1 adalah 335.07 m/s
o Kecepatan lapisan 2 adalah 1091.34 m/s

Tugas 2 SP2 & SP3


o Kecepatan lapisan 1 adalah 324.67 m/s
o Kecepatan lapisan 2 adalah 1070.09 m/s

Tugas 3 SP1 & SP4 Sebelum Koreksi


o Kecepatan lapisan 1 adalah 381.68 m/s
o Kecepatan lapisan 2 adalah 1165.50 m/s
o
Tugas 3 SP1 & SP4 Setelah Koreksi
o Kecepatan lapisan 1 adalah 333.50 m/s
o Kecepatan lapisan 2 adalah 1096.01 m/s

Tugas 3 SP3 & SP4 Sebelum Koreksi


o Kecepatan lapisan 1 adalah 448.57 m/s
o Kecepatan lapisan 2 adalah 1204.53 m/s

Tugas 3 SP1 & SP4 Setelah Koreksi


o Kecepatan lapisan 1 adalah 419.56 m/s
o Kecepatan lapisan 2 adalah 1207.44 m/s

Daftar Pustaka
Asistem Metode Seismik, 2013, Slide Presentasi Praktikum Metode Seismik,
Yogyakarta : Lab.Geofisika UGM

Praktikum Seismik Refraksi

Metode Hagiwara