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History and memory


Graduate Seminar G8600 Spring term 2001
Professor Jay Winter
302 Fayerweather Hall Thursday 2-4pm
Syllabus
1. History and memory: introductory session

18 January

Part 1: Inter-disciplinary approaches


2. Inter-disciplinary approaches: (1) Sociology and social agency

25 January

3. Inter-disciplinary approaches: (2) Cognitive psychology

1 February

4. Inter-disciplinary approaches: (3) Trauma

8 February

5. Inter-disciplinary approaches: (4) Mentalit, identity and representations


15 February
6. Inter-disciplinary approaches: (5) Spatial memory, architecture, landscape
22 February
Part 2: Sites of remembrance
7. Monuments, ceremony, ritual

1 March

8. Family history

8 March

9. Judicial hearings and trials

22 March

10. Museums and public history

27 March

11. Landscape

5 April

Part 3: Representations and languages of remembrance


12. The language of traumatic memory: Shell shock

12 April

13. Fiction, memoir and testimonial literature

19 April

14. Photographic and cinematic narratives

26 April

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History and memory


Graduate Seminar
Spring term 2001

1. Aims
This seminar intends to explore facets of the historical literature surrounding issues of
individual memory, collective memory, and commemoration. The focus will be on
twentieth-century Europe, though the literature surveyed will address issues beyond the
confines of Europe . After a survey of different inter-disciplinary approaches to the field
focusing on social agency, representation, trauma studies, and cognitive
psychological research, two different kinds of evidence will be examined. The first
relates to historical sites monuments, ruins, battlefields, landscapes as well as
social spaces families, trials, museums; the second to representations and languages
of remembrance, through the narratives of mental illness, fiction, memoir, testimonial
literature, photography and film. The focus is on civil society rather than primarily on
the state and its manipulations of commemorative forms.
2. Assignments
1. Seminars: Asterisked readings in the following reading list are required.
Other readings are optional. Each student will open the discussion of at least one
seminar, presenting the argument and implications of the relevant reading.
2. Paper: An extended essay of approximately 25 pages in length is required.
Its grade will constitute the grade in the course. The essay will examine aspects of the
history of remembrance in one of the facets of the topic addressed in the seminar. The
essay title will be agreed with the instructor. Case studies or comparative work in the
area of the students interest are encouraged.
3. Languages: A knowledge of French or German is desirable, but not
mandatory. Work in other languages is encouraged.

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History and memory in twentieth-century Europe


Reading List
* Required reading

1. Introductory session

18 January

*Klein, Kerwin Lee, On the emergence of memory in historical discourse,


Representations, 69 (Winter 2000), pp. 127-50.
Part 1: Inter-disciplinary approaches
2. Inter-disciplinary approaches:(1) Sociology and social agency

25 January

*Halbwachs, Maurice,. On collective memory, edited, translated, and with an


introduction by Lewis A. Coser, (1992).
*Winter, Jay and Sivan, Emmanuel, Setting the framework, in Winter and Sivan (eds), War
and remembrance in the twentieth-century (1999), ch. 1.
Bastide, Roger,La mmoire collective et sociologie de bricolage. Anne sociologique
21 (1970), pp. 65-108
Wachtel, Nathan, Remember and never forget, History and anthropology, 2 (1986).
Burke, Peter. History as social memory. In Memory: history, culture and the mind, edited
by Thomas Butler (1990), pp. 97-113.
Hutton, Patrick H. Collective memory and collective mentalities: the Halbwachs-Aris
connection. Historical reflections/Rflexions historiques 15, no. 2 (1988): pp. 311-22.

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3. Inter-disciplinary approaches: (2) Cognitive psychology

1 February

1. Past, present and future in individual life narratives


*Ross, Michael and Anne E. Wilson, Constructing and appraising past selves, in
Schacter and Scarry (eds), Memory, brain, and belief, ch. 8, pp. 231-58.
2. Autobiography and identity
* Eakin, Paul John, Autobiography, identity, and the fictions of memory, in
Schacter and Scarry (eds), Memory, brain, and belief, ch. 10, pp. 290-306.
3. Family narratives
* Bok, Sissela, Autobiography as moral battleground, in Schacter and Scarry
(eds), Memory, brain, and belief, ch. 11, pp. 307-33.
4. Prejudice, stereotypes and implicit memory
*Banaji, Mahzarin R. And R. Bhasar, Implicit stereotypes and memory: the
bounded rationality of social beliefs, in Schacter and Scarry (eds), Memory,
brain, and belief, pp; 139-75.
5. Memory and time: episodic memory
*Tulving, Endel and Martin Lepage, Where in the brain is the awareness of ones
past, in Daniel L. Schacter and Elaine Scarry (eds), Memory, brain, and belief,
ch. 7, pp. 208-28.
6. Recent research and approaches
Schacter, Daniel L., Searching for memory. The brain, the mind, and the past
(1996).
Schachter, Daniel L. (ed.), Memory distortion: how minds, brains and societies
reconstruct the past (1995), chs. 12-14.
Baddeley, Alan, Your memory: a user's guide (c1993).
Neisser, Ulrich and Robyn Fivush (eds), The remembering self. Construction and
accuracy in the self-narrative (Cambridge: Cambridge university press, 1994).
Draaisma, Douwe, Metaphors of memory: A history of ideas about the mind
(Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000).

4. Inter-disciplinary approaches: (3) Trauma

8 February

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*Caruth, Cathy (ed). Trauma: explorations in memory (1995).


Or
*Felman, Shoshana and Laub, Dori, Testimony: crises of witnessing in literature,
psychoanalysis, and history (1992)
Caruth, Cathy, Unclaimed experience: trauma, narrative, and history (1996).
Appelbaum, Paul S., Lisa A. Uyehara, Mark R. Elin (eds), Trauma and memory: clinical
and legal controversies (1997).
Leys, Ruth, Trauma: A genealogy (2000).
5. Inter-disciplinary approaches: (4) Mentalit, identity and representations
15 February
*Chartier, Roger, On the edge of the cliff
*Nora, Pierre. Between memory and history: Les lieux de mmoire, Representations, no.
26 (1989): 7-25.
*Assmann, Jan. Collective memory and cultural identity. New German Critique, no. 65
(1995).
Chartier, Roger, Cultural history: between practices and representations, translated by
Lydia G. Cochrane, (1993).
Hunt, Lynn (ed.), The new cultural history (1989).
Le Goff, Jacques. Mentalities: a history of ambiguities. In Constructing the past.
Essays in historical methodology, edited by Jacques Le Goff and Pierre Nora (1985),
pp.166-80.

6. Inter-disciplinary approaches: (5) Spatial memory, architecture,

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landscape

22 February

*Harvey, David, Spaces of hope


or
*Lefebvre, Henri, The production of space
Harvey, David, Justice, nature, and the geography of difference
Lefebvre, Henri, Writings on cities
Hayden, Dolores, The power of place : urban landscapes as public history
Altman, Irwin and Setha M. Low.(eds), Place attachment
II. Sites of memory
7. Monuments, ceremonies and rituals

1 March

*Prost, Antoine, Monuments to the dead, in Pierre Nora (ed.), Realms of memory:
rethinking the French, translated by Arthur Goldhammer. Vol. 2: Traditions, (1996), pp.
307-32.
*Winter, Jay, Sites of memory, sites of mourning (1995), chs 2-4.
*Young, James, The texture of memory. Holocaust memorials and meaning (1993), pt
II.
Farmer, Sarah, Oradour, arrt sur mmoire, traduit de l'anglais par Pierre Guglielmina.
(1994).
Gillis, John R. (Ed.), Commemorations : the politics of national identity, (c1994)..
Gregory, Adrian, The Silence of memory, 1994.
Koselleck, Reinhart, 'Bilderverbot. Welches Totengedanken?', Frankfurter Allgemeine
Zeitung, 8 April 1993.
Koselleck, Reinhard, Les monuments aux morts comme fondateurs de lidentit des
survivants, Revue de Mtaphysique et de Morale (March Proof copy, 1999), pp. 33-62;

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also available in: Koselleck, Reinhart, 'Kriegerdenkmale als Identittsstiftungen der


berlebenden', in Odo Marquard and Karlheinz Stierle (eds), Identitt (Munich, Wilhelm
Fink Verlag, 1979), pp. 237-76.
Mosse, George, Fallen Soldiers, (1990).
Merridale, Catherine, Nights of Stone: Death and memory in Russia, ch. 9.
8. Family History and Fictive Kinship

8 March

*Camus, Albert, The First Man


*Sivan, Emmanuel, Private pain and public remembrance in Israel, in Winter and Sivan (eds),
War and remembrance, ch. 9.

Balakian, Peter, Black dog of fate : a memoir (c1997).


Sivan and Winter (eds), War and remembrance, chs 2, 3, 4.
9. Judicial hearings and trials

22 March

*Arendt, Hannah, Eichmann in Jerusalem


or
*Rousso, Henry, The Vichy Syndrome
Conan, Eric and Henry Rousso, Vichy : an ever-present past
Appelbaum, Paul S., Lisa A. Uyehara, Mark R. Elin (eds), Trauma and memory: clinical
and legal controversies (1997).
Golsan, Richard J. (ed.), Memory, the Holocaust, and French justice : the Bousquet and
Touvier affairs
Bedarida, Franois (ed.), Touvier, Vichy et le crime contre l'humanite : le dossier de
l'accusation
Deutsch, Akiva W., The Eichmann trial in the eyes of Israeli youngsters: opinions,
attitudes, and impact

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Hausner, Gideon, Justice in Jerusalem.


Sharpe, Barry, Modesty and arrogance in judgment : Hannah Arendt's Eichmann in
Jerusalem
Gauthier, Paul (ed.), Chronique du procs Barbie pour servir la mmoire
Klarsfeld, Arno, Papon : un verdict franais
Jakubowicz, Alain, Touvier : histoire du procs
Merindol, Pierre, Barbie, Le procs
Davidson, David, The Trial of the Germans : an account of the twenty-two defendants
before the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg
Virgili, Fabrice, La France virile: des femmes tondues la Libration
10. Public History

27 March
(Tuesday meeting: note)

*Young, James, At memorys edge, ch. 5


*Winter, Jay, Producing the Television Series The Great War and the shaping of the
Twentieth Century, Profession 1999 (1999), pp. 10-22.
*Glassberg, David, Public history and the study of memory, The Public Historian, 18
(Spring 1996), pp. 7-23.
*Roundtable: Responses to David Glassbergs Public history and the study of
memory, The Public Historian, 19 (Spring 1997), pp. 31-72.
Kavanagh, Gaynor, Museums and the First World War : a social history
Museums and the making of "ourselves" : the role of objects in the formation of
national identity / edited by Flora E.S. Kaplan.
Museums and their development : the European tradition, 1700-1900 / edited and
introduced by Susan M. Pearce.
Museums in revolution : four historical museums in Moscow/ Marien van der Heijden
(ed.).

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Pearce, Susan M., Museums, objects, and collections : a cultural study


Museums and communities : the politics of public culture. Edited by Ivan Karp, Christine
Mullen Kreamer, and Steve Lavine.
Leffler, Phyllis K. and Joseph Brent, Public and academic history : a philosophy and
paradigm
Museums and memory / edited by Susan A. Crane.
Moore, Kevin, Museums and popular culture
Museums and the appropriation of culture / edited by Susan Pearce.
Part 3: Representations and languages of remembrance
11. Landscape

5 April

*Simon Schama, Landscape and memory


Dolores Hayden, The Power of Place
12. The language of traumatic memory: Shell shock

12 April

*Special number of Journal of Contemporary History (January 2000) in memory of


George Mosse.
Or
* Young, Allen, The harmony of illusions: inventing post-traumatic stress disorder
Dean, Eric T., Shook Over Hell: Post Traumatic Stress, Vietnam, and the Civil War
Talbott, John E., Soldiers, psychiatrists and combat trauma, in Journal of
Interdisciplinary History, xxvii (1997), pp. 437-54.
Brown, Edward M., Between cowardice and insanity: shell-shock and the legitimation
of the neuroses in Great Britain, in Science, technology and the military/ edited by

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Everett Mendelsohn, Merritt Roe Smith and Peter Weingart.


Merridale, Catherine, Nights of Stone, chs 6-8.
13. Fiction, memoir and testimonial literature

19 April

* Hynes, Samuel, The Soldiers Tale


or
* Fussell, Paul, The Great War and modern memory
Passerini, Luisa (ed.), Memory and Totalitarianism. Volume 1. International Yearbook of
Oral History and Life Stories
Merridale, Catherine, Walls of Stone
Felman, Shoshana and Dori Laub, Testimony: crises of witnessing in literature,
psychoanalysis, and history (1992)
Loftus, E.F. Eyewitness testimony
Loftus, Elizabeth F.; Banaji, Mahzarin R.; and Foster, Rachel A. Who remembers what?:
gender differences in memory. Michigan Quarterly Review 26, no. 1 (1987): 64-85.
Captain, Esther, The gendered process of remembering war experiences: Memories
about the Second World War in the Dutch East Indies, European Journal of Womens
Studies, iv (1997), pp. 389-95.
Beverley, John, The margin at the center: On testimonio (testimonial narrative), in
Sidonie Smith and Julia Watson (eds), De/colonizing the subject: The politics of gender
in womena autobiography (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1992), pp. 91114.
Sommer, Doris. Not just a personal story: Womens testimonios and the plural self,
in Brodzki, Bella and Schenck, Celeste (eds), Life/lines: Theorizing womens
autobiography. (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1988), pp. 107-30.

14. Photographic and cinematic narratives

26 April

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* Young, James, At memorys edge. After-images of the Holocaust in contemporary art


and architecture, ch. 3.
and
* Huyssen, Andreas, Twilight memories : marking time in a culture of amnesia
*Chartier, Roger, On the edge of the cliff, ch. 7.
Barthes, Roland, Camera Lucida
Sorlin, Pierre, Children as war victims in post-war European cinema, in Jay Winter and
Emmanuel Sivan (eds), War and remembrance in the twentieth century, ch. 5.
Shoah : an oral history of the Holocaust : the complete text of the film by Claude
Lanzmann
Virilio, Paul, War and cinema : the logistics of perception
Taylor, John, War photography : realism in the British press
Brothers, Caroline, War and photography : a cultural history
Clendinning, Olga, Reading the Holocaust
Jay, Martin, Downcast eyes: The denigration of vision in twentieth-century French
thought, pp. 435-92.
Sontag, Susan, On photography