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Features of GEHO APEXS pump for mine dewatering

The APEXS offers a number of advantages in the areas of slurry handling, pump
operation, maintenance, spare parts, etc. that gives the lowest possible cost of ownership:

High pressure pumping up to 300 bar: capable of pumping the water to surface (up
to some 3000 meters) in one stage: only 1 pump required

Solids handling capability: capable of pumping dirty mine water - underground


settling sumps and slime removal systems are not required

Thanks to the hose diaphragm pumping concept: capable of handling chemically


aggressive slurries.

Low wear, thanks to the ultra low stroke rate of approximately 3 per minute.
No pumping capacity loss and no efficiency loss in time (as opposed to centrifugal
pumps). The low stroke rate in combination with the PLC controlled pre-charge
system results in a continuous and pulsation free discharge flow.

High reliability - low maintenance: the only wear parts are the valves and the hose
diaphragms, which are easily maintained and have a long life time

High efficiency & Low maintenance costs / Low Total Costs of Ownership (TCO)

Ease of moving the pump underground: the modular design allows the pump to be
transported in separate modules.

Designed for 25 years lifetime.

Description of GEHO APEXS


The GEHO APEXS is a Positive Displacement pump that transfers energy from a highpressure hydraulic power pack to the fluid being pumped using a patented Annular Pressure
EXchange System.

Basically the APEXS consists of four elements: the pumping chambers, a hydraulic drive
unit, the valves section and the control system:


The heart of the APEXS are the pumping chambers from which the mine water is
pumped by means of hose diaphragms (elastomer tubes). The hose diaphragm
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physically separates the slurry from the pump internals and therefore the pump is
protected from the abrasive slurry or mine water.
The hydraulic drive unit is an integral part of the pump and is built with standard and
proven components that are globally available.
The valves section controls the slurry flow in and out of the pump, through the pumping
chambers.
A PLC control system takes care of automatic sequential operation of the pump
resulting in a constant discharge and virtually pulsation free flow to the surface.

The pump runs at an exceptionally low stroke rate of approximately 3 per minute, resulting in
an unmatched long component life, low maintenance costs and high reliability & availability
of the pump ( >98%).
Thanks to the valves unit the pump is intrinsically protected against backflow of the
discharge line. The valves are the only wear parts and are easily maintained. No
disconnecting of piping or any parts is necessary for changing the valves.
The low stroke cycle results in long valve life and low maintenance costs.
The APEXS has no out of the balance inertias, which results in practically no vibrations and
makes floor mounting possible with minimal foundation requirements.

Operation of GEHO APEXS


Each pump consists of two or three pressure chambers pumping in sequence. While one
chamber is carrying out the discharge stroke, the other chamber is on the filling stroke
(priming). The pumping action is realized by the pressurized oil from the hydraulic power
pack forcing the mine water or slurry out of the hose diaphragm.
The PLC controls the timing of the hydraulics for the sequentially pumping pressure
chambers ensuring a continuous and constant discharge flow with virtually no pressure
pulsations.
Tasks of the PLC are:
 controlling the pumping cycle
 protecting the hose and pump against overload
 monitoring to ensure safe operation of the pump
 equipped with a self-diagnostics system to easily identify abnormal operation
The pump control system includes a PLC (Programmable Logic Controller) and a HMI
(Human Machine Interface).
The control system allows a local or remote pump start / stop procedure as well as the flow
control. The pump parameters can be made available to the customer DCS. The pump is
designed for unattended operation.
The discharge flow of the APEXS is controllable in steps between 10% and 100% (at
constant discharge pressure). This is achieved by running any or all of the hydraulic motors
and is controlled by the PLC. Optional it is also possible to achieve a continuous flow
variation if required.
Like all Positive Displacement pumps, the APEXS pump requires priming with a net
positive head. In general, a commercially available low-pressure centrifugal pump can be
used as a feed pump. The feed pump is to be sized to meet the priming requirements of the
specific type and size APEXS.
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