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1

Diagram 1 shows a graph of temperature against time represents the heating of


naphthalene powder.
Temperature,T(oC)

Rajah 1 menunjukkan graf suhu melawan masa bagi pemanasan serbuk naftalena.

80

R
Time,t(s)

Diagram 1
Rajah 1
Which of the following statements is true?
Antara yang berikut, pernyataan manakah yang benar?

Exist as a liquid at P
Wujud sebagai cecair pada P

Heat is released at Q
Haba dibebaskan pada Q

The melting point is 80oC


Takat lebur ialah 80oC

The particles are very closely packed at R


Zarah-zarah tersusun sangat rapat pada R

Diagram 2 shows the set-up of the apparatus to determine the empirical formula of a metal
oxide.
Rajah 2 menunjukkan susunan radas untuk menentukan formula empirik suatu oksida logam.
Metal oxide
Oksida logam

Hydrogen gas
Gas hidrogen

Diagram 2
Rajah 2

Which of the following metal oxides is suitable to be used in Diagram 2?


Antara oksida logam yang berikut, yang manakah sesuai digunakan dalam Rajah 2?

Zinc oxide
Zink oksida

Copper(II) oxide
Kuprum(II) oksida

Magnesium oxide
Magnesium oksida

Aluminium oxide
Aluminium oksida

Which of the following elements are in Group 1 in the Periodic Table of Elements?
Antara unsur-unsur berikut yang manakah dalam kumpulan 1 dalam Jadual Berkala
Unsur

Helium and neon


Helium dan neon

Lithium and magnesium


Litium dan magnesium

Hydrogen and helium


Hidrogen dan helium

Sodium and potassium


Natrium dan kalium

Diagram 3 shows the electron arrangement of a compound between atom P and atom Q.
Rajah 3 menujukkan sususun elektron bagi sebatian yang terbentuk antara atom P dan
atom Q .

Diagram 3
Rajah 3
The compound formed
Sebatian yang terbentuk

is a covalent compound
merupakan sebatian kovalen

has a high melting ponit


mempunyai takat lebur yang tinggi

conducts electricity
mengalirkan arus elektrik

is soluble in water
larut dalam air

Diagram 4 shows a chemical cell.


Rajah 4 menunjukkan satu sel kimia.

Carbon rod
Rod karbon

Carbon rod
Rod karbon
Hydrogen chloride in tetrachloromethane
Hidrogen klorida di dalam tetraklorometana

Diagram 4
Rajah 4
The bulb in Diagram 4 do not light up. This is because
Mentol dalam Rajah 4 tidak menyala. Ini disebabkan oleh
A

Hydrogen chloride exist as molecules


Hidrogen klorida wujud sebagai molekul

The electrode used is not a metal

Elektrod yang digunakan bukan suatu logam

Hydrogen ions and chloride ions move freely


Ion hidrogen dan ion klorida bergerak bebas

Hydrogen ions and chloride ions are discharged


Ion hidrogen dan ion klorida dinyahcaskan.

Which of the following is true about an alkali?


Antara pernyataan berikut yang manakah benar tentang alkali?

An alkali is not corrosive


Alkali tidak mengkakis

A strong alkali has a low pH value


Alkali kuat mempunyai nilai pH yang rendah

An alkali is a base that is soluble in water


Alkali ialah bes yang larut dalam air

A weak alkali has a high degree of ionization


Alkali lemah mempunyai kadar pengionan yang tinggi

Copper(II) chloride salt can be prepared by mixing hydrochloric acid and


Garam kuprum(II) klorida boleh disediakan dengan mencampurkan asid hidroklorik
dan

Copper
Kuprum

Copper(II) nitrate
Kuprum(II) nitrat

Copper(II) carbonate
Kuprum(II) karbonat

Copper(II) sulphate
Kuprum(II) sulfat

During the manufacturing of sulphuric acid, sulphur dioxide is oxidised to sulphur


trioxide.
Di dalam pembuatan asid sulfurik, sulfur dioksidakan kepada sulfur trioksida.
2SO2 + O2 2SO3
The reaction is catalysed by

Tindak balas ini memerlukan mangkin

Platinum
Platinum

Vanadium(V) oxide
Vanadium(V) oksida

Manganese(IV) oxide
Mangan(IV) oksida

Iron
Ferum

Diagram 5 shows four sets of apparatus to investigate the rate of reaction .


Rajah 5 di bawah menunjukkan empat set radas untuk mengkaji kadar tindak balas.
5cm of magnesium ribbon
5 cm pita magnesium
3

100 cm3 of
Nitric acid
2 mol dm-3
100 cm3
asid nitrik
2 mol dm-3

Set I

100 cm of
Sulphuric acid
2 mol dm-3
100 cm3
asid sulfurik
2 mol dm-3

Set II

100 cm3 of
Ethanoic acid
2 mol dm-3

200 cm3 of
nitric acid
1 mol dm-3

100 cm3
asid etanoik
2 mol dm-3

200 cm3
asid nitrik
1 mol dm-3

Set III

Set IV

Diagram 5
Rajah 5
Which of the following set of apparatus shows the magnesium ribbon disappears faster?
Antara set radas yang berikut, yang manakah menunjukkan pita magnesium hilang
paling cepat?
A

Set I

Set II

Set III

Set IV

10

Which of the following pairs of general formulae and homologue series is correct?
Antara pasangan formula am dan siri homolog berikut, yang manakah betul?
General formula
Formula am
CnH2n

Homologue series
Siri homolog
Alkane
Alkana
Alkene
Alkena
Alcohol
Alcohol
Ester
Ester

CnH2n+2
CnH2n+1OH
CnH2n+1COOH
11 Diagram 3 shows a set-up of apparatus of a redox reaction.
Rajah 3 menunjukkan susunan radas suatu tindak balas redoks.
G

Carbon electrodes
Elektrod karbon

Acidified potassium manganate (VII) solution


Larutan kalium manganat (VII) berasid

Iron (II) sulphate


Ferum (II) sulfat

Sulphuric acid
Asid sulfurik

Diagram 3
Rajah 3
Which of these statements are not correct?
Antara penyataan berikut yang manakah tidak benar?
A
B

Electron flows from electrode P to Q


Elektron mengalir dari elektrod P ke Q
Iron(II) ions act as the reducing agent and is oxidized
Ion Ferum(II) bertindak sebagai agen penurunan dan dioksidakan

C
D

Acidified potassium manganate (VII) solution turns colourless


Warna larutan kalium manganat (VII) berasid bertukar menjadi tidak berwarna
Manganate (VII) ion, MnO4- acts as the reducing agent and is reduced
Ion manganat (VII), MnO4- bertindak sebagai agen penurunan dan diturunkan

12 Which of the following reaction causes the beaker to become hot?


Antara tindak-tindak balas yang berikut, yang manakah menyebabkan bikar
menjadi panas?
A
B
C
D

Adding water to solid ammonium nitrate


Menambahkan air kepada pepejal ammonium nitrat
Adding water to solid sodium hydroxide
Menambahkan air kepada pepejal natrium hidroksida
Adding water to solid potassium nitrate
Menambahkan air kepada pepejal kalium nitrat
Adding water to solid ammonium sulphate
Menambahkan air kepada pepejal ammonium sulfat

13
Yusri is not feeling well. He went to the clinic and the doctor prescribed paracetamol.
Yusri merasa tidak sihat. Dia pergi ke klinik dan doktor memberinya parasetamol.

What type of medicine is paracetamol?


Apakah jenis ubat parasetamol?
A Analgesic
Analgesik
B Antibiotic
Antibiotik
C Psychotherapeutic
Psikoteraputik
D Antipsychotic
Antipsikotik
14

Atom Q

Atom Q
Electron arrangement = 2.8.5

Susunan elektron = 2.8.5


Number of neutrons = 16

Bilangan neutron = 16
Based on the information given above, what is the nucleon number of atom Q ?
Berdasarkan maklumat yang diberi di atas, apakah nombor nukleon atom Q?

A
B
C
D

35
33
31
30

15 The mass of one atom of element Y is two times more than an atom of oxygen. What is
the relative atomic mass of element Y? [Relative atomic mass: O = 16)
Jisim 1 atom unsur Y adalah dua kali lebih berat dari satu atom oksigen. Berapakah jisim
atom relatif bagi unsur Y? [Jisim atom relatif: O = 16)
A
B
C
D
16

12
24
32
36

Diagram 4 shows the symbol of an element J .


Rajah 4 menunjukkan simbol unsur J.
19
9

Diagram 4
Rajah 4
The position of element J in the Periodic Table is
Kedudukan unsur J dalam Jadual Berkala adalah

A
B
C
D

Period
Kala
2
3
2
3

Group
Kumpulan
17
17
1
1

17 Element X is located in Group 14 of the Periodic Table. Element Y has a proton number of
17. Which of the following shows the formula and type of compound formed when
element X combines with element Y?
Unsur X terletak di Kumpulan 14 dalam Jadual Berkala. Unsur Y mempunyai nombor
proton 17. Antara berikut yang manakah menunjukkan formula dan jenis sebatian yang
terbentuk apabila unsur X berpadu dengan unsur Y?

Formula
Formula
XY2

Type of Compound
Jenis Sebatian
Ionic
Ionik

X4Y

XY

XY4

Covalent
Kovalen
Ionic
Ionik
Covalent
Kovalen

18 Choose the correct function of food additives.


Pilih fungsi bahan tambah makanan yang betul.
Food additive
Bahan tambah makanan
A Stabilisers
Penstabil
B Preservatives
Bahan awet
C Flavourings
Bahan perasa
D Antioxidants
Antioksida
19

Element X is a reducing agent. Which of the following electron arrangements


is for atom X ?
X adalah agen penurunan. Antara susunan elektron berikut adalah bagi atom
unsur X?
A
B
C
D

21
20

Function
Fungsi
To prevent the stabilization of food
Untuk menghalang penstabilan makanan
To prevent the growth of microorganism
Untuk menghalang pembiakan
mikroorganisma
To prevent the loss of taste of food
Untuk menghalang kehilangan rasa
makanan
To prevent aging process
Untuk menghalang proses penuaan

2.8.4
2.8.8
2.8.7
2.8.2

Diagram
showsof
thecopper
set up produced
of the apparatus
a reaction
What
is the9 mass
whenfor
excess
zinc is added into 25 cm3 of
0.2 mol dm-3 copper(II) sulphate solution? [Relative atomic mass: Cu = 64)
Rajah 9 menunjukkan susunan radas bagi satu tindak balas
Berapakah jisim kuprum yang dihasilkan apabila zink yang berlebihan ditambahkan
ke dalam 25 cm3 0.2 mol dm-3 larutan kuprum(II) sulfat? [Jisim atom relatif: Cu =
64)
A
0.16J g
B
0.32 g
C
0.75 g
Heat
Lime water
D
1.70 g
Diagram 9
Rajah 9
When J is heated, the lime water becomes cloudy.
Which of the following compounds could be J?

Apabila J dipanaskan, air kapor menjadi keruh.


Antara sebatian berikut yang manakah mungkin J?

22

Potassium karbonate
Kalium karbonat

Calcium nitrate
Kalsium nitrat

Sodium carbonate
Natrium karbonat

Lead(II) carbonate
Plumbum(II) karbonat

Which of the following substances can be used to differentiate ethane and ethene?
Antara bahan berikut, yang manakah boleh digunakan untuk membezakan antara etana dan etena?
A

Lime water
Air kapur

Bromine water
Air bromin

Dilute sulphuric acid


Asid sulfuric cair

Sodium hydroxide solution


Larutan natrium hidroksida

23

Table 1 shows the mixture of zinc carbonate and hydrochloric acid used in experiments to study
the rate of reaction.
Jadual 1 menunjukkan campuran zink karbonat dengan asid hidroklorik yang digunakan dalam
eksperimen untuk mengkaji kadar tindak balas .

Experiment
Eksperimen

I
II

Zinc carbonate
zink karbonat
Physical
Mass (g)
form
Jisim (g)
Bentuk
fizikal
Granule
5
Butiran
Powder
5
Serbuk
Table 1
Jadual

Hydrochloric acid, HCl


Asid hidroklorik
Volume
Isipadu
(cm3)

Concentration
Kepekatan
(mol dm-3)

50

0.1

25

0.2

Which of the following graphs represent the two experiments?


Antara graf berikut, yang manakah mewakili kedua-dua eksperimen itu?
A

Volume of CO2/cm3
Isipadu CO2/cm3

Volume of CO2/cm3
Isipadu CO2/cm3
I

I
II

II

Time/s
Masa/s

Time/s
Masa/s
C

D
Volume of CO2/cm3
Isipadu CO2/cm3

Volume of CO2/cm3
Isipadu CO2/cm3

II
I

II
Time/s
Masa/s

Time/s
Masa/s

24

The heat of neutralisation between hydrochloric acid and sodium hydroxide solution is higher
than the heat of neutralisation between ethanoic acid and sodium hydroxide solution because
Haba peneutralan antara asid hidroklorik dan larutan natrium hidroksida adalah lebih tinggi
berbanding haba peneutralan antara asid etanoik dan larutan natrium hidroksida kerana
A

energy is needed to ionise the ethanoic acid.


tenaga diperlukan untuk mengionkan asid etanoik

the reaction between ethanoic acid and sodium hydroxide solution is incomplete.
tindak balas antara asid ethanoik dan larutan natrium hidroxida adalah tidak lengkap

hydrochloric acid is a mineral acid whereas ethanoic acid is an organic acid.


asid hidroklorik adalah asid mineral manakala asid etanoik adalah asid organic

hydrochloric acid and ethanoic acid have different pH values.


asid hidroklorik dan asid etanoik mempunyai nilai pH yang berbeza.

25

Why are detergents more effective than soap?


Mengapakah detergen lebih berkesan daripada sabun?
A
B

26

Detergents are biodegradable whereas soaps are non-biodegradable.


Detergen boleh terurai manakala sabun tidak terurai
.
Detergents reduce the surface tension of water whereas soaps do not.
Detergen mengurangkan ketegangan permukaan air manakala sabun tidak.

Detergents are soluble in grease, whereas soaps are insoluble in grease.


Detergen larut dalam gris, manakala sabun tidak larut dalam gris.

Detergents do not form scum in hard water, whereas soaps form scum in hard water.
Detergen tidak membentuk kekat dalam air liat manakala sabun membentuk kekat dalam air liat.

Diagram 10 shows the set up of an experimen to investigate transfer of electrons at a distance


Rajah 10 menunjukkan susunan radas bagi mengkaji pemindahan elektron pada suatu jarak

Carbon X

Carbon Y

Bromine water

Potassium iodide solution


Dilute sulphuric acid
Diagram 10
Rajah 10

Which of the following statements are true?


Antara pernyataan berikut yang manakah benar?
I

Bromine acts as a oxidising agent

Bromin bertindak sebagai agen pengoksida

27

II

Colourless solution change to brown at carbon Y


Larutan tanpa warna berubah kepada perang di karbon Y

III

Electrons flow from carbon Y to carbon X through the outer circuit


Elektron mengalir dari karbon Y ke karbon X melalui litarluar

IV

Oxidation number of iodine changes from 0 to -1


Nombor pengoksidaan iodin berubah daripada 0 kepada -1

I and II only
I dan II sahaja

III and IV only


III dan IV sahaja

I, II and III only


I, II dan III sahaja

I, II, III and IV


I, II, III dan IV

Which of the following pairs of ion has the same of number of electrons?
[Proton number: Li = 3 , O = 8 , F = 9 , Na = 11 , Mg = 12 , Cl = 17 , Ca = 20 ]
Antara pasangan ion yang berikut, yang manakah mempunyai bilangan elektron yang sama?
[Nombor Proton : Li = 3 , O = 8 , F = 9 , Na = 11 , Mg = 12 , Cl = 17 , Ca = 20 ]

28

Cl- and FCl- dan F-

Na+ and Li+


Na+ dan Li+

Ca2+ and Mg2+


Ca2+ dan Mg2+

Mg2+ and O2Mg2+ dan O2-

Table 2 shows information about two types of elements.


Jadual 2 menunjukkan maklumat bagi dua jenis unsur.
Element
Unsur
X
Y

Proton number
Nombor proton
9
17
Table 2
Jadual 2

Electron configuration
Susunan elektron
2.8
2.8.8

Based on the information in the table, both elements X and Y are


Berdasarkan maklumat dalam jadual, unsur X dan Y adalah

29

Inert gases
Gas nadir

Negative ions
Ion negatif

Atoms of metals
Atom logam

Isotopes of the same element


Isotop unsur yang sama

Diagram 11 shows the symbols for two elements.


The letters used are not the actual symbol of the elements
Rajah 11 menunjukkan simbol bagi dua unsur
Huruf yang digunakan bukan simbol sebenar unsur itu
23

35

11

17

Diagram 11
Rajah 11
Which of the following is true about J and M?
Antara berikut yang manakah benar tentang J dan M?

30

Atomic size of J is larger than M


Saiz atom J lebih besar daripada M

Both elements J and M are metals


Kesemua unsur J dan M adalah logam

Both elements J and M in the same group in the Periodic Table of Elements
Kesemua unsur J dan M dalam kumpulan yang sama dalam Jadual Berkala Unsur

Elements J reacts with element M to form a compound with the formula JM 2


Unsur J bertindakbalas dengan unsur M membentuk sebtian dengan formula JM2

During the reaction between calcium and bromine to form a compound,


Semasa tindak balas antara kalsium dan bromin untuk membentuk sebatian,
A
A calcium atom shares a pair of electron with two bromine atoms.
Atom kalsium berkongsi sepasang elektron dengan dua atom bromin.
B

A calcium atom donates two electrons to two bromine atoms.


Atom kalsium menderma dua elektron kepada dua atom bromin.

A calcium atom shares two pairs of electron with two bromine atoms.
Atom kalsium berkongsi dua pasang elektron dengan dua atom bromin.

A bromine atom donates two electrons to a calcium atom.


Atom bromin menderma dua elektron kepada satu atom kalsium.

31

The diagram below shows the set-up of the apparatus for electrolysis of concentrated
solution of sodium chloride

What is the product formed at the anode and cathode?


A
B
C
D
32

Anode
O2
Cl2
Cl2
O2

Cathode
H2
H2
Na
Cl2

The diagram below shows 5 steps for preparing a standard solution of sodium hydroxide,
NaOH but not in correct order.
P- Transfer the solid sodium hydroxide into volume into the volumetric flask.
Q- Weigh the mass of sodium hydroxide
R- Add distilled water until the graduation mark.
S- Rinse the weighing bottle and pour the solution into the volumetric flask.
T- Shake the volumetric flask.

Which of the following steps is correct?


A
B
C
D
33

Q, S, P, R, T
R, Q, S, P, T
Q, P, S, R, T
R, Q, S, T, P

The diagram below shows the test tubes containing lead(II) nitrate solution and
potassium carbonate solution but without a label. Which of the following solutions can
be used to distinguish both solutions?

Potassium carbonate
solution

34

I
II
III
IV

Sodium nitrate
Sodium iodide
Dilute nitric acid
Potassium sulphate

A
B
C
D

I and II only
II and IV only
II, III and IV only
I, II, III and IV

Lead(II) nitrate
solution

Which of the following is the alcohol produced from the alkaline hydrolysis of oil?
A
B
C
D

Ethane-1,2-diol
Glycerol
Cyclohexanol
Volume of H2 gas / cm3
Buthane-2-ol

35
40
36
30
20
18
10

60

120

180

240

300

time / s

A group of students carried out an experiment to determine the rate of reaction of zinc
metal with dilute hydrochloric acid. The diagram above shows the graph for the total
volume of gas collected against time. The average rate of reaction for the whole
experiment is :
A

0.3 cm3/s

B
C
D
36

When a mixture of 2-butanol, CH3CHOHCH2CH3 and concentrated sulphuric acid is


heated, gas X is produced. Which of the following is the molecular structure of X?
A
B
C
D

37

0.25 cm3/s
0.17 cm3/s
0.13 cm3/s

CH3CH=CHCH3
CH3CH=C(CH3)2
(CH3)2CHCH=CH2
CH3CH2CH=CH2

The diagram below shows the changes of the sulphur in Contact Process.
S

SO2

SO3

H2S2O7

Which of the following are the correct changes in the oxidation state of sulphur?
A
B
C
D
38

0
0
1
1

+4
+4
+3
+4

+6
+6
+6
+6

+6
+7
+8
+6

The following equation shows the formation of water


H2(g) + O2(g) H2O(l) , H = 287 kJmol
Which of the following is true regarding the above equation?
A
B
C
D

39

Activation energy for the reaction is high


If 1 mole of oxygen reacts 574 kJ of heat energy is absorbed
Combustion of 1 mole of hydrogen releases 287 kJ of heat energy
1 mole of water that is formed in the reaction received 287 kJ heat energy
A patient claims he always heard someone says something to him but he
didnt see anybody around him during the situation.

Which of the following medicines is most appropriate in treating the above symptoms or
disorders?
A
B
C
D

Chlorpromazine
Amphetamine
Tranquilisers
Barbiturates

40

41.

Which of the following isotopes is used to detect leakage in a gas pipe.


.
A
Carbon 14
B
Cobalt 60
C
Sodium 24
D
Iodine 131
Diagram 14 shows the energy level diagram of the displacement reaction between magnesium
and iron(II) chloride solution.
Rajah 14 menunjukkan gambar rajah aras tenaga bagi tindak balas penyesaran antara
magnesium dan larutan ferum(II) sulfat.
Energy
Tenaga Mg(s) + FeCl2(aq)

H = - 201.6 kJmol-1
Fe(s) + MgCl2(aq)

Diagram 14
Rajah 14
What is the increase in temperature if 50 cm3 of 0.25 mol dm-3 iron(II) chloride solution is
reacted with excess magnesium,?
Berapakah kenaikan suhu, jika 50 cm3 0.25 mol dm-3 larutan ferum(III) klorida ditindak
balaskan dengan berlebihan magnesium ?
[Specific heat capacity of the solution = 4.2 J g-1 oC-1]
[Muatan haba tentu larutan = 4.2 J g-1 oC-1]
A
B
C
D
42.

12 oC
16 oC
22 oC
24 oC

Table 3 shows the results of an experiment for three chemical cells P, Q and R.
Jadual 3 menunjukkan keputusan eksperimen bagi tiga sel kimia P, Q dan R.
Chemical cell
Sel kimia
P
Q
R

Pairs of metals
Pasangan logam
XY
XZ
YZ

Voltage (V)
Voltan (V)
0.45
0.60
1.05
Table 3
Jadual 3

Negative terminal
Terminal negatif
X
Z
Z

Which of the following arrangements of metals X, Y and Z is in descending order of


electropositivity in the electrochemical series?
Antara berikut yang manakah susunan logam X,Y dan Z mengikut tertib elektropositif
menurun dalam siri elektrokimia?
A
B
C
D
43.

X, Z, Y
Z, Y, X
X, Y, Z
Z, X, Y

Diagram 15 shows curve W obtained from the decomposition of 20 cm3 of 0.40 mol dm-3
hydrogen peroxide solution, H2O2, using 0.2 g of manganese (IV) oxide as catalyst at a
temperature of 30 0C.
Rajah 15 menunjukkan lengkung W terbentuk daripada penguraian 20 cm3 larutan hidrogen
peroksida 0.40 mol dm-3, di mangkinkan oleh mangan(IV) oksida pada suhu 300C.
Volume of oxygen /cm3
Isipadu oksigen /cm3
W
X

Time /minutes
Masa/minit

Diagram 15
Rajah 15

Which of the following experiments will produce curve X?


Antara eksperimen berikut yang manakah akan menghasilkan lengkung X?
Volume of H2O2 /cm3
Isipadu H2O2 /cm3

A
B
C
D
44.

10
15
20
30

Concentration of H2O2/ mol dm-3


Kepekatan H2O2 /mol dm-3

0.60
0.20
0.60
0.30

Temperature /0C
Suhu / 0C

30
30
40
40

Table 4 shows the melting and boiling points of substances P, Q, R and S..
Jadual 4 menunjukkan takat lebur dan takat didih untuk bahan P, Q, R dan S..
Substance
Bahan
P
Q
R
S

Melting point / 0C
Takat lebur / 0C
-59
48
-110
128
Table 4
Jadual 4

Boiling point / 0C
Takat didih / 0C
60
130
-70
470

Which of the following substances has the highest kinetic energy at room temperature?
Antara bahan berikut yang manakah mempunyai tenaga kinetic yang paling tinggi pada suhu
bilik?
A
B
C
D
45.

P
Q
R
S

The following equation shows the complete combustion of propene gas.


Persamaan berikut menunjukkan pembakaran gas propene
C3H6(g) + 9/2 O2(g)

3CO2(g) + 3H2O(g)

Which of the following statements are true when 1 mol of propene gas is burnt completely?
[Relative molecular mass : C3H6 =42, O2=32, CO2 =44, H2O= 18, Molar volume of gas is
22.4 dm3 mol 1 at S.T.P.]
Yang manakah antara pernyataan berikut adalah benar apabila 1 mol gas propene terbakar
secara lengkap?
[Jisim molekul relatif : C3H8 =44, O2=32, CO2 =44, H2O= 18, Isi padu molar gas 22.4 dm3
mol 1 pada S.T.P.]
I
II
III
IV

A
B
C
D
46.

Complete combustion of 0.1 mol of propene produces 5.4 g of water


Pembakaran lengkap 0.1 mol gas propena menghasilkan 5.4 g air
Complete combustion of 1 mol of propene gas produces 2 mol of water Pembakaran
lengkap 1 mol gas propene menghasilkan 2 mol air
Complete combustion of 4.2 g of propene requires 14.4 g of oxygen.
Pembakaran lengkap 4.2 g gas propena memerlukan 14.4 g gas oksigen
Complete combustion of 0.1 mol of propene produces 6.72 dm3 carbon dioxide gas at
s.t.p.
Pembakaran lengkap 0.1 mol propena akan menghasilkan 6.72 dm3 gas karbon
dioksida pada s.t.p
I and II only
I and IV only
II and IV only
I, III and IV

Ammonium sulphate, (NH4)2SO4 is an example of a fertilizer.


Calculate the percentage of nitrogen in 1 mole of ammonium sulphate.
[Relative atomic mass: N=14, H=1, S=,32, O=16]
Ammonium sulfat, (NH4)2SO4 adalah satu contoh baja.
Hitungkan peratus nitrogen dalam 1 mol ammonium sulfat.
[Jisim atom relatif: N=14, H=1, S=,32, O=16]
A
B
C
D

12.12 %
21.21 %
23.23 %
31.31 %

47.

Diagram 16 shows the preparation of lead(II) chloride salt.


Rajah 16 menunjukkan persediaan garam plumbum(II) klorida.

50 cm3 of
1.0 mol dm-3
lead(II) nitrate
solution
50 cm3
1.0 mol dm-3
larutan
plumbum(II)
nitrat solution

50 cm3 of
hydrochloric
acid
50 cm3
asid
hidroklorik

White
precipitate
Mendakan
putih

Diagram 16
Rajah 16

What is the concentration of the hydrochloric acid needed to react completely with
lead(II) nitrate solution?
Berapakah kepekatan larutan asid hidroklorik yang diperlukan untuk bertindak balas lengkap
dengan larutan plumbum(II) nitrat?
A
B
C
D
48.

0.5 mol dm-3


1.0 mol dm-3
1.5 mol dm-3
2.0 mol dm-3

Which of the following food additives can be used to make food stay fresh longer and taste
better?
Antara bahan tambah makanan berikut yang manakah boleh digunakan untuk mengekalkan
kesegaran makanan dan meningkatkan rasanya?
A
B
C
D

Sodium benzoate and tartrazine


Natrium benzoat dan tartrazina
Sodium benzoate and ascorbic acid
Natrium benzoat dan asid askorbik
Monosodium glutamate and tartrazine
Mononatrium glutamat dan tartrazina
Ascorbic acid and monosodium glutamate
Asid askorbik dan mononatrium glutamat

49

Diagram 17 shows the process to produce compound J.


Rajah 17 menunjukkan proses menghasilkan sebatian J.
Propanol
Propanol
C3H7OH

Ethanoic acid
Asid etanoik
CH3COOH

Compound J
Sebatian J

Diagram 17
Rajah 17
Which of the following structural formulas is of compound J?
Antara formula struktur yang manakah bagi sebatian J?

O
||
CH3COCH2CH3

O
||
CH3COCH2CH2CH3

O
||
CH3CH2COCH2CH3

O
||
CH3CH2COCH2CH2CH3

50

Diagram 18 shows the set of apparatus of an experiment to investigate electron transfer at a


distance.
Rajah 18 menunjukkan susunan radas satu eksperimen pemindahan elektron pada satu jarak.
G

Carbon electrode
Elektrod karbon
Potassium iodide
solution
Larutan kalium
iodida

Acidified potassium
manganate(VII) solution
Larutan kalium
manganat(VII) berasid

Dilute sulphuric acid


Asid sulfurik cair

Diagram 18
Rajah 18
Which of the following statements is true about the experiment?
Antara pernyataan berikut yang manakah benar tentang eksperimen itu?
A
B
C
D

Iodide ion is the reducing agent


Ion iodida bertindak sebagai agen penurunan.
Oxidation number of iodine decreases from 0 to -1
Nombor pengoksidaan iodin menurun dari 0 ke -1
Oxidation number of manganese increases from +2 to +7
Nombor pengoksidaan mangan bertambah dari + 2 ke +7
Electrons flow from potassium iodide solution to acidified potassium manganate(VII)
through sulphuric acid
Elektron mengalir dari larutan kalium iodida ke larutan kalium mangnanat(VII)
berasid melalui asid sulfurik

END OF QUESTION PAPER


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